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Mineral-water Interfacial Reactions

Mineral-water Interfacial Reactions
  • Author : Donald L. Sparks,Timothy J. Grundl,American Chemical Society. Division of Geochemistry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822027867837
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Summary : Clearly explains how to more effectively decipher and predict contaminant fate in the environment by combining kinetic methods and molecular-scale spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to analyze mineral/water interfacial reactions in situ. The book begins with a broad overview, then continues with three sections written by internationally known expert. The first deals specifically with spectroscopic/microscopic techniques that can be used in combination with macroscopic approaches to glean mechanistic information on mineral/water reactions and processes. The second section emphasizes computer models that are used to elucidate surface mediated reaction mechanisms. The remainder of the volume is organized around reaction type, including sorption/desorption of inorganic species, sorption/desorption of organic species, precipitation/dissolution processes, heterogeneous electron transfer reactions, photochemically driven reactions, and microbially mediated reactions. Mineral-Water Interfacial Reactions will be a valuable resource for environmental scientists, geochemists, soil chemists, microbiologists, and marine engineers who need to be familiar with the most current and effective methods for testing and controlling the mobility, speciation, and bioavailability of contaminants in the environment.

Mineral-Water Interface Geochemistry

Mineral-Water Interface Geochemistry
  • Author : Michael F. Hochella,Art F. White
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-17
  • Total pages :619
  • ISBN : 9781501509131
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Summary : Volume 23 of Reviews in Mineralogy and accompanying MSA short course covers chemical reactions that take place at mineral-water interfaces. We believe that this book describes most of the important concepts and contributions that have driven mineral-water interface geochemistry to its present state. We begin in Chapter 1 with examples of the global importance of mineral-water interface reactions and a brief review of the contents of the entire book. Thereafter, we have divided the book into four sections, including atomistic approaches (Chapters 2- 3), adsorption (Chapters 4-8), precipitation and dissolution (Chapters 9-11), and oxidation-reduction reactions (Chapters 11-14).

Molecular Modeling of Geochemical Reactions

Molecular Modeling of Geochemical Reactions
  • Author : James D. Kubicki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-12
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781118845080
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Summary : Molecular processes in nature affect human health, the availability of resources and the Earth’s climate. Molecular modelling is a powerful and versatile toolbox that complements experimental data and provides insights where direct observation is not currently possible. Molecular Modeling of Geochemical Reactions: An Introduction applies computational chemistry to geochemical problems. Chapters focus on geochemical applications in aqueous, petroleum, organic, environmental, bio- and isotope geochemistry, covering the fundamental theory, practical guidance on applying techniques, and extensive literature reviews in numerous geochemical sub-disciplines. Topics covered include: • Theory and Methods of Computational Chemistry • Force Field Application and Development • Computational Spectroscopy • Thermodynamics • Structure Determination • Geochemical Kinetics This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers looking to understand geochemical processes on a molecular level. Novice practitioners of molecular modelling, experienced computational chemists, and experimentalists seeking to understand this field will all find information and knowledge of use in their research.

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources

Contaminants in Drinking and Wastewater Sources
  • Author : Manish Kumar,Daniel D. Snow,Ryo Honda,Santanu Mukherjee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-29
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9789811545993
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Summary : This volume takes a multidisciplinary approach to study and evaluate the global human vulnerability to the exposure of contaminants of emerging concern (CECs) in the natural environment. It provides a comprehensive resource on structurally diverse groups of chemical compounds that have adverse effects on the aquatic environment. It explores the global strength, environmental status, chemical risk assessment and management strategies of CECs with relevant modern techniques. The principle focus is on concurrent emerging water quality issues. It defines the impacts of the environmental exposure of trace concentrations of CECs and/or their metabolites and discusses possible technological advances to combat the emerging pollutants. It will be useful to researchers, multi-stakeholder expert groups, policymakers, and graduate students.

Environmental Soil Chemistry

Environmental Soil Chemistry
  • Author : Donald L. Sparks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-04
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9780080494807
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Summary : Environmental Soil Chemistry illustrates fundamental principles of soil chemistry with respect to environmental reactions between soils and other natural materials and heavy metals, pesticides, industrial contaminants, acid rain, and salts. Timely and comprehensive discussions of applications to real-world environmental concerns are a central focus of this established text. Provides students with both sound contemporary training in the basics of soil chemistry and applications to real-world environmental concerns Timely and comprehensive discussion of important concepts including: sorption/desorption, oxidation-reduction of metals and organics, and effects of acidic deposition and salinity on contaminant reacions Boxed sections focus on sample problems and explanations of key terms and parameters Extensive tables on elemental composition of soils, rocks and sediments, pesticide classes, inorganic minerals, and methods of decontaminating soils Clearly written for all students and professionals in environmental science and environmental engineering as well as soil science

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II

Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II
  • Author : Mark Barnett,Douglas Kent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-17
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 0080556566
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Summary : Adsorption of Metals by Geomedia II serves as a needed resource for this topic which has received much attention during the past 25 years. The book provides an in-depth review of the field, followed by numerous chapters that document the current status of adsorption research for a variety of metals by geomedia ranging from individual minerals to sediments and soils. Adsorption mechanisms are detailed and precipitation is presented as a distinct sorption process. Virtually all factors affecting the extent of metal adsorption are examined, including the effects of selected anions, competition among metals, pH, metal concentration, loading, variable metal adsorption capacity, ionic strength, hydrogen exchange and stoichiometry, and solids concentration. A variety of adsorption models are briefly presented and some are used to extend laboratory studies to field sites. This is a compilation of 25 peer reviewed papers from among the 60+ platform and poster presentations of the symposium "Adsorption of Metals to Geomedia II" at the American Chemical Society (ACS) Meeting, March 27-29, 2006 in Atlanta, Georgia, USA. This symposium is a follow-up to the original held in 1996. * Learn the tools and techniques from leading academics and industry experts * One stop practical resource and guide for those in the field * Keep informed and up to date on all the latest advancements in technology

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction

Minerals: A Very Short Introduction
  • Author : David Vaughan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-23
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9780191505331
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Summary : Minerals existed long before any forms of life, playing a key role in the origin and evolution of life; an interaction with biological systems that we are only now beginning to understand. Exploring the traditional strand of mineralogy, which emphasises the important mineral families, the well-established analytical methods (optical microscopy and X-ray diffraction) and the dramatic developments made in techniques over recent decades, David Vaughan also introduces the modern strand of mineralogy, which explores the role minerals play in the plate tectonic cycle and how they interact with the living world. Demonstrating how minerals can be critical for human health and illness by providing essential nutrients and releasing poisons, Vaughan explores the multitude of ways in which minerals have aided our understanding of the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction

Kinetics of Water-Rock Interaction
  • Author : Susan Brantley,James Kubicki,Art White
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-29
  • Total pages :833
  • ISBN : 0387735631
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Summary : Geochemical kinetics as a topic is now of importance to a wide range of geochemists in academia, industry, and government, and all geochemists need a rudimentary knowledge of the field. This book summarizes the fundamentals of geochemical kinetics with examples drawn especially from mineral dissolution and precipitation. It also encompasses discussion of high temperature processes and global geochemical cycle modeling. Analysis of textures of rocks, sediments, and mineral surfaces are incorporated throughout and provide a sub-theme of the book.

Feldspars and their Reactions

Feldspars and their Reactions
  • Author : Ian Parsons
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994-02-28
  • Total pages :650
  • ISBN : 0792327225
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Summary : Feldspar minerals make up 60% of the crust of the Earth. They are stable in the upper mantle, and are so abundant in the crust that they form the basis of the classification of igneous rocks. At the surface, feldspars weather to form clay minerals which are the most important mineral constituent of soils. The articles in this book review the chemical reactions of feldspars over the whole sweep of pressure and temperature regimes in the outer Earth, and describe the fundamental aspects of crystal structure which underlie their properties. The book covers intracrystalline reactions, such as order-disorder transformations and exsolution, and transfer of stable and radiogenic isotopes, which can be interpreted to provide insights into the thermal history of rocks. It is suitable for final year undergraduates or research workers.

Essentials of Geochemistry

Essentials of Geochemistry
  • Author : John V. Walther
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :797
  • ISBN : 9780763759223
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Summary : Updated throughout with the latest data and findings, the Second Edition of Essentials of Geochemistry provides students with a solid understanding of the fundamentals of and approaches to modern geochemical analysis. The text uses a concepts of chemical equilibrium approach, which considers the reactions that occur as a result of changes in heat production and pressure within the Earth to introduce students to the basic geochemical principles. This text is for those who want a quantitative treatment that integrates the principles of thermodynamics, solution chemistry, and kinetics into the study of earth processes. This timely text contains numerous examples and problems sets which use SUPCRT92 to allow students to test their understanding of thermodynamic theory and maximize their comprehension of this prominent field. New sections introduce current “hot” topics such as global geochemical change with the short and long term carbon cycle, carbon isotopes and the Permo-Triassic extinction event, kinetics and the origin of life and the use of boron and nitrogen isotopes.

Essentials of Geochemistry

Essentials of Geochemistry
  • Author : John Victor Walther
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :704
  • ISBN : 0763726427
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Summary : Physical Sciences

Aquatic Chemical Kinetics

Aquatic Chemical Kinetics
  • Author : Werner Stumm
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990-08-09
  • Total pages :545
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822007445240
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Summary : Aquatic Chemistry An Introduction Emphasizing Chemical Equilibria in Natural Waters Second Edition Edited by Werner Stumm and James J. Morgan This second edition of the renowned classic unites concepts, applications, and techniques with the growing amounts of data in the field. Expanded treatment is offered on steady-state and dynamic models employing mass-balance approaches and kinetic information. New chapters address such topics as: environmental aspects of aquatic chemistry; new material on organic compounds in natural water systems; the use of stable and radioactive isotopes in chemical and physical processes; the latest advances in marine chemistry; solid-solution interface; kinetic considerations of equilibria; metal-ligand interactions; and an expanded compilation of thermodynamic data for important reactions in natural water systems. 1981 (0 471-04831-3) Cloth 780 pp. (0 471-09173-1) Paper Chemical Processes in Lakes Edited by Werner Stumm This is a multidisciplinary analysis of recent research on the physical, chemical, and biological processes in aquatic systems. Coverage includes: distribution of elements and compounds in water and sediments; sedimentation and sediment accumulation of nutrients and pollutants; eurtophication and acidification; atmospheric deposition; redox-related geochemistry and sediment-water exchange of nutrients and metals; sediment dating and paleolimnology; and steady-state and dynamic models. Most chapters focus on the role of biological processes and the coupling of elemental cycles by organisms. 1985 (0 471-88261-5) 435 pp. Principles of Aquatic Chemistry Francois M. M. Morel Here is a quantitative treatment of the chemical principles that govern the composition of natural waters. Features include an in-depth examination of the use of conservation principles in chemical systems, a review of thermodynamic and kinetic principles applicable to aquatic systems, and a novel presentation of a systematic methodology for equilibrium calculations. Detailed coverage is provided on the topic of aquatic chemistry, following the traditional divisions of acid-base, precipitation-dissolution, coordination, redox and surface reactions. 1983 (0 471-08683-5) 446 pp.

Mineral-water Interface Geochemistry

Mineral-water Interface Geochemistry
  • Author : M. F AUTOR HOCELLA,Reviews,Michael F. Hochella
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :603
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822005130463
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Summary : Volume 23 of Reviews in Mineralogy covers chemical reactions that take place at mineral-water interfaces. It describes most of the important concepts & contributions that have driven mineral-water interface geochemistry to its present state. It

AEESP Environmental Engineering and Science Research Frontiers

AEESP Environmental Engineering and Science Research Frontiers
  • Author : Bruce E. Logan,Frederick Scott Cannon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :92
  • ISBN : UCR:31210024977520
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Summary :

Spring Meeting

Spring Meeting
  • Author : American Geophysical Union. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:41450248
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Summary :

Geochemical Processes at Mineral Surfaces

Geochemical Processes at Mineral Surfaces
  • Author : James A. Davis,Kim F. Hayes,American Chemical Society. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :683
  • ISBN : UOM:39015011739870
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Summary :

Introduction to Geomicrobiology

Introduction to Geomicrobiology
  • Author : Kurt O. Konhauser
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-03-12
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781444309027
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Summary : Introduction to Geomicrobiology is a timely and comprehensive overview of how microbial life has affected Earth’s environment through time. It shows how the ubiquity of microorganisms, their high chemical reactivity, and their metabolic diversity make them a significant factor controlling the chemical composition of our planet. The following topics are covered: how microorganisms are classified, the physical constraints governing their growth, molecular approaches to studying microbial diversity, and life in extreme environments bioenergetics, microbial metabolic capabilities, and major biogeochemical pathways chemical reactivity of the cell surface, metal sorption, and the microbial role in contaminant mobility and bioremediation/biorecovery microbiological mineral formation and fossilization the function of microorganisms in mineral dissolution and oxidation, and the industrial and environmental ramifications of these processes elemental cycling in biofilms, formation of microbialites, and sediment diagenesis the events that led to the emergence of life, evolution of metabolic processes, and the diversification of the biosphere. Artwork from the book is available to instructors at www.blackwellpublishing.com/konhauser.

Progress in Geology of China (1989-1992)

Progress in Geology of China (1989-1992)
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :335
  • ISBN : UCAL:B3226820
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Summary :

Treatise on Geochemistry

Treatise on Geochemistry
  • Author : K.K. Turekian,H.D. Holland
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-12-18
  • Total pages :7800
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105117966460
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Summary : The Treatise on Geochemistry is the first work providing a comprehensive, integrated summarry of the present state of geochemistry. It deals with all the major subjects in the field, ranging from the chemistry of the solar system to environmental geochemistry. The Treatise on Geochemistry has drawn on the expertise of outstanding scientists throughout the world, creating the reference work in geochemistry for the next decade. Each volume consists of fifteen to twenty-five chapters written by recognized authorities in their fields, and chosen by the Volume Editors in consultation with the Executive Editors. Particular emphasis has been placed on integrating the subject matter of the individual chapters and volumes. Elsevier also offers the Treatise on Geochemistry in electronic format via the online platform ScienceDirect®, the most comprehensive database of academic research on the Internet today, enhanced by a suite of sophisticated linking, searching and retrieval tools.

Water-rock Interaction: Low temperature environments

Water-rock Interaction: Low temperature environments
  • Author : Yousif K. Kharaka,Ann S. Maest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :1686
  • ISBN : 9054100761
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Summary :

The American Journal of Science

The American Journal of Science
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112047115578
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Summary :