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Hypothalamus in Health and Diseases

Hypothalamus in Health and Diseases
  • Author : Stavros Baloyannis,Jan Gordeladze
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-05
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9781789844443
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Summary : The human hypothalamus, a small structure at the base of the brain, has strategic importance for the harmonic function of the human body. It controls the autonomic nervous system, neuroendocrine function, circadian and circannual rhythms, somatic activities, and behavior, and is situated at the borders between the brain and the body and the brain and the soul, meeting points for mind and body. The hypothalamus is involved in a wide range of higher mental functions, including attention, learning and reinforcement of mnemonic processes, emotional control, mood stability, and cognitive-emotional interactions. It also has a role to play in behavioral disorders, panic reactions, cluster headache, gelastic epilepsy, mental deficiency, periodic disorders, depression, autism, and schizophrenia, and in a substantial number of neurodegenerative diseases. It enlarges greatly the dimensions of the hypothalamic contribution in controlling psychosomatic equilibrium and retaining internal unity of the human existence.

Mitochondrial Disorders in Neurology

Mitochondrial Disorders in Neurology
  • Author : Anthony H.V. Schapira,S. Dimauro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9781483193694
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Summary : Mitochondrial Disorders in Neurology provides an overview of mitochondrial diseases. This book discusses the effects of mitochondrial dysfunction based on the relevant biochemistry and molecular genetics. The abnormal muscle and mitochondrial morphology in a variety of clinical presentations from isolated ophthalmoplegia to severe encephalopathy are also elaborated. This text likewise deliberates Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, neurodegenerative disorders, and respiratory chain defects. Other topics covered include mitochondrial DNA and the genetics of mitochondrial disease; cytochrome oxidase deficiency; use of tissue culture in the diagnosis of mitochondrial disease; and advances in mitochondrial genetics. This publication is a good source for clinicians and students concerned with the defective mitochondrial function.

Diagnosis and Management of Mitochondrial Disorders

Diagnosis and Management of Mitochondrial Disorders
  • Author : Michelangelo Mancuso,Thomas Klopstock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-03
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9783030055172
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Summary : This book will help readers navigate the complexity of mitochondrial disorders, by addressing the role of mitochondrial dysfunction and the complex pathophysiological mechanisms associated with a growing number of illnesses, not only of neurological interest. Further, it provides updated concepts on genotype-phenotype correlations, clinical syndromes, diagnostic algorithms and therapies. Written by the world’s foremost mitochondrial researchers, the book comprehensively presents the state-of-the-art in mitochondrial medicine, making it of interest to a wide variety of specialists, including neurologists, geneticists, internists and biologists.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders

Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders
  • Author : Amy Katherine Reeve,Kim Jennifer Krishnan,Michael R. Duchen,Doug M Turnbull
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-15
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 0857297015
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Summary : As age related diseases increase in prevalence and impact more significantly on medical resources it is imperative to understand these diseases and the mechanisms behind their progression. New research has stimulated a growing interest in mitochondrial involvement in neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis and the mechanisms which lead from mitochondrial dysfunction to neurodegeneration. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders brings together contributions from leaders in the field internationally on the various ways in which mitochondrial dysfunction contributes to the pathogenesis of these diseases, guiding the reader through the basic functions of mitochondria and the mechanisms that lead to their dysfunction, to the consequences of this dysfunction on neuronal function before finishing with the modelling of these disorders and discussion of new potential therapeutic targets. Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Neurodegenerative Disorders provides an accessible, authoritative guide to this important area for neurologists; research and clinical neuroscientists; neuropathologists; and residents with an interest in clinical research.

Clinical Mitochondrial Medicine

Clinical Mitochondrial Medicine
  • Author : Patrick F. Chinnery,Michael Keogh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-30
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9780521132985
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Summary : This interactive clinical textbook takes a system- and case-based approach in understanding mitochondrial disorders in clinical practice.

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Neurodegeneration

Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Neurodegeneration
  • Author : Victor Tapias,Pier Giorgio Mastroberardino,Roberto Di Maio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-30
  • Total pages :209
  • ISBN : 9782889634507
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Summary :

Mitochondrial Case Studies

Mitochondrial Case Studies
  • Author : Russell Saneto,Sumit Parikh,Bruce H Cohen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-24
  • Total pages :338
  • ISBN : 9780128011492
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Summary : Mitochondrial Case Studies: Underlying Mechanisms and Diagnosis offers the science behind mitochondrial disease with a case studies approach. Since mitochondrial diseases are diverse and influenced by genetic, environmental, and social-economic factors, this publication will help students, physicians, scientists, health care students, and families recognize and accurately diagnose mitochondrial disease and learn about potential treatments. Reviews case studies as a helpful teaching tool to increase awareness and improve diagnosis Provides information on underlying mechanisms of mitochondrial disease Includes basic mitochondrial dysfunction research through patient case studies to best illustrate the entire disease process

Mitochondrial Medicine

Mitochondrial Medicine
  • Author : Salvatore DiMauro,Michio Hirano,Eric A. Schon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-29
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : 0367446367
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Summary : Mitochondrial dysfunction is increasingly being recognized as the basis of a wide variety of human diseases. Providing an authoritative update on our current knowledge of mitochondrial medicine, this text draws together world authorities from various fields to present general therapeutic strategies, as well as the treatments presently available in different specialties - thus making it essential reading for clinicians involved with the management of patients with mitochondrial diseases. A unique work, this text covers a range of specialties, including cardiology, ophthalmology, otology, nephrology, gastroenterology, hematology-oncology, and reproductive medicine, and does not focus exclusively on the more commonly known neurologic conditions. An accessible, user-friendly text, it also presents translational concepts of mitochondrial biogenesis and genetics in vignettes related to specific questions raised by the disease under discussion, rather than concentrating on basic science, which can often intimidate clinicians. This pioneering work is primarily directed to a clinical audience who are interested in the diverse and diagnostically challenging clinical presentations of mitochondrial diseases and their pathophysiology.

Handbook of Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Handbook of Mitochondrial Dysfunction
  • Author : Shamim I. Ahmad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-15
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780429811777
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Summary : Mitochondria produce the chemical energy necessary for eukaryotic cell functions; hence mitochondria are an essential component of health, playing roles in both disease and aging. More than 80 human diseases and syndromes are associated with mitochondrial dysfunction; this book focuses upon diseases linked to these ubiquitous organelles. Accumulation of mitochondrial DNA damage results in mitochondrial dysfunction through two main pathways. Mutation in mitochondrial DNA causes diseases such as Kearns-Sayre syndrome and Pearson syndrome. Mutation in chromosomal DNA causes diseases such as Parkinson's disease and schizophrenia. These and many other diseases are reviewed in this book. Key Features Presents the detailed structure of mitochondria, mitochondrial function, roles of oxidants and antioxidants in mitochondrial dysfunction. Includes summary of both causes and effects of these diseases. Discusses current and potential future therapies for mitochondrial dysfunction diseases Explores a wide variety of diseases caused by dysfunctional mitochondria.

Molecular Neurology

Molecular Neurology
  • Author : Stephen Waxman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-26
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0080546188
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Summary : Why a book on molecular neurology? Molecular neuroscience is advancing at a spectacular rate. As it does so, it is revealing important clues to the pathogenesis and pathophysiology of neurological diseases, and to the therapeutic targets that they present. Medicines work by targeting molecules. The more specific the targeting, the more specific the actions, and the fewer the side effects. Molecular Neurology highlights, for graduate and MD-PhD students, research fellows and research-oriented clinical fellows, and researchers in the neurosciences and other biomedical sciences, the principles underlying molecular medicine as related to neurology. Written by internationally recognized experts, this well-illustrated and well-referenced book presents the most up-to-date principles and disease examples relevant to molecular neurology, and reviews the concepts, strategies, and latest progress in this field. This book will interest anyone studying the molecular basis of neurology, or developing new therapies in neurology. Describes the newest molecular aspects of neurological disorders Provides an introduction to neurological disorders for basic scientists Updates clinicians and clinical researchers on the most recent developments

Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial Diseases
  • Author : Eylem Taskin,Celal Guven,Yusuf Sevgiler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-29
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781789236743
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Summary : Mitochondria are crucial organelles for any cell type. Mitochondria take responsibility for not only energy production but also regulation of cell death, also called apoptosis; calcium storage; and heat production. Therefore, mitochondrial disease is implicated in the mode of action of many harmful factors for cells such as drugs and environmental contaminants, dysfunction of the oxygen transport system, malnutrition, intense exercise, and genetic variations. This book presents up-to-date knowledge about mitochondrial disease and its complex relation to some diseases such as cardiac failure, cancer, and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. This book will, therefore, be essential for readers who are interested in life sciences, especially in medicine.

Current Strategies for the Biochemical Diagnosis and Monitoring of Mitochondrial Disease

Current Strategies for the Biochemical Diagnosis and Monitoring of Mitochondrial Disease
  • Author : Iain P. Hargreaves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-16
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 9783038972402
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Current Strategies for the Biochemical Diagnosis and Monitoring of Mitochondrial Disease" that was published in JCM

Mitochondrial Neuropathies

Mitochondrial Neuropathies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 9780128172254
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Summary : Mitochondrial Neuropathies, Volume 146, brings together experts in a range of diseases that damage the nervous system to present the role of mitochondrial dysfunction in their particular field, with this new release focusing on Mitochondrial dysfunction in Alzheimer's Disease, HIV and the mitochondrial: immune interface in the CNS, The Impact of mitochondrial damage in HIV-induced peripheral neuropathy, Mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy, Disorders of mitochondrial biogenesis in peripheral neuropathy, Mitochondrial dysfunction and the pathogenesis of diabetic neuropathy, Manipulating mitochondria to treat peripheral neuropathy, and DCA therapy - the yin and yang of mitochondrial activation. Contains contributions from a diverse group of experts Presents a timely resource that brings together different fields to highlight a common pathogenic mechanism Focuses on the role of mitochondria in diverse neuropathies

Restricted Growth

Restricted Growth
  • Author : Maria del Carmen Cardenas-Aguayo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-12
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9789535126942
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Summary : Restricted growth conditions are a group of genetic disorders with primary effect on growth (short stature); it is very heterogeneous and comprises two important categories: skeletal dysplasia and different genetic syndromes with primary effect on growth. It could also be caused by a medical condition. The book contains chapters regarding different aspects of the study of restricted growth that are divided into three broad sections. Section I: Defining Restricted Growth, Section II: Genetics and Diagnosis of Restricted Growth, and Section III: Signaling Pathways and Molecular Mechanisms of Restricted Growth. The book presents comprehensive reviews of each topic written by experts in the field. It will be the most valuable tool for physicians and life science researchers and students. We hope that the book will motivate discussion and research in this important health problem, setting the path for better therapeutic approaches.

Magnetic Resonance of Myelin, Myelination, and Myelin Disorders

Magnetic Resonance of Myelin, Myelination, and Myelin Disorders
  • Author : Jacob Valk,Marjo S. van der Knaap
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9783662025680
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Summary : Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the imaging modality of choice for the majority of disorders affecting the central nervous system. This is particularly true for gray and white matter disorders, thanks to the superb soft tis sue contrast in MRI which allows gray matter, unmyelinated, and myelinated white matter to be distinguished and their respective disorders identified. The pre sent book is devoted to the disorders of myelin and myelination. A growing amount of detailed in vivo information about myelin, myelination, and myelin dis orders has been derived both from MRI and from MR spectroscopy (MRS). This prompted us to review the clinical, laboratory, biochemical, and pathological data on this subject in order to integrate all available information and to provide im proved insights into normal and disordered myelin and myelination. We will show how the synthesis of all available information contributes to the interpretation of MR images. After a brief historical review about the increasing knowledge on myelin and my elin disorders, we propose a new classification of myelin disorders based on the subcellular localization of the enzymatic defects as far as the inborn errors of me tabolism are concerned. This classification serves as a guide throughout the book. All items of the classification will be discussed and, whenever relevant and possi ble, be illustrated by MR images.

Mitochondria

Mitochondria
  • Author : Liza A. Pon,Eric A. Schon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-10
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 0080489370
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Summary : This book provides an update on the step-by-step "how to" methods for the study mitochondrial structure, function, and biogenesis contained in the successful first edition. As in the previous edition, the biochemical, cell biological, and genetic approaches are presented along with sample results, interpretations, and pitfalls from each method.

Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium

Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium
  • Author : Marni J. Falk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-28
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9780128200308
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Summary : The field of Mitochondrial Medicine has been dominated by symptom constellation-based diagnostic categorization since the first clinical syndrome was described three decades ago. Now, as rapidly expanding knowledge has revealed that mitochondrial diseases may result from several hundred distinct gene disorders with extensive clinical and mutation heterogeneity, the most useful guide for clinical care and research embraces a gene-centric approach to each individual’s disorder. Together with international colleagues, Dr. Marni Falk has developed the Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR), an online, community curated, centralized data resource of mitochondrial disease data from a genomic perspective. MSeqDR provides tens of thousands of users with interactive access to mitochondrial disease feature descriptions in a defined human phenotype ontology, mitochondrial proteome-based gene and variant curation, and a suite of easily accessible tools to facilitate analysis of complex genomic datasets in nuclear and mitochondrial genomes as well as accurate interpretation of mitochondrial disease genes, variants, and diseases. Here, in the Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium, Dr. Marni Falk and a team of international experts have built off their work on MSeqDR to provide an all-in-one, readily accessible, and easy-to-use at point of care reference on mitochondrial disease from a gene-based perspective. In this book, clinicians and researchers will find a complete overview of mitochondrial disease genes relevant across all specialties, cataloging and building context around clinical features and the genetic basis of each condition. Within, each "gene page" offers an in-depth, referenced view of the relevant clinical disease spectrum, including gene and protein descriptions, year discovered, inheritance pattern(s), age ranges affected, major clinical features and severity range, clinical pearls, known therapies, available support groups, animal models, and gene-specific basic, translational, or clinical research activities now underway. Links provided on each gene page direct readers to MSeqDR for new findings, up-to-date genomic variant data, and user friendly informatics tools accessible to general clinicians and sophisticated geneticists or bioinformaticians alike, ensuring access to updated information on each condition. Covering 256 mitochondrial disease genes that have been expert-curated to assure they cause human diseases and have known mitochondrial localization or impact mitochondrial function, the Mitochondrial Disease Genes Compendium is directed at clinicians and researchers, facilitating bedside access to high-level, curated knowledge on mitochondrial disease genetics that rapidly enables patient diagnosis, counseling, management, treatment, and research. Provides a readily intelligible, all-in-one reference of known mitochondrial disease genes and their associated conditions Features live links to Mitochondrial Disease Sequence Data Resource (MSeqDR) pages with regularly updated genetic variant data and bioinformatics tools Covers the inheritance patterns, age spectrum affected, major clinical features, therapeutics, support groups, and research currently under way for over 250 mitochondrial diseases

Practical Guide to Neurogenetics E-Book

Practical Guide to Neurogenetics E-Book
  • Author : Thomas T. Warner,Simon R. Hammans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-04
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9780702038457
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Summary : This simple guide to neurogenetics demystifies the overwhelming amount of information on the subject so you can identify key clinical features and understand your management options. Reach relevant differential diagnoses and provide appropriate counseling to your patients using the symptom-based approach. By integrating genetic and neurological approaches to diagnoses, this book ensures that the neurological consequences of a genetic diagnosis and the genetic consequences of a neurological diagnosis are clear and explicit. Concise and portable, this book is ideal for easy reference in clinical use. Details the underlying basic science and clinical features of genetic disorders by taking a symptom-based approach to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of the field. Focuses on the clinical application of neurogenetics to be of practical use to you in the clinic. Clarifies the neurological consequences of a genetic diagnosis and the genetic consequences of a neurological diagnosis by integrating genetic and neurological approaches to diagnoses. Discusses and evaluates necessary investigations so you know when to use them and when to refer. Highlights diagnostic and therapeutic tips so you can learn new concepts or refine your skills in practice. Refers to online sources, such as Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) and others, to help you supplement your knowledge.

Advances in Mitochondrial Medicine

Advances in Mitochondrial Medicine
  • Author : Roberto Scatena,Patrizia Bottoni,Bruno Giardina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-08
  • Total pages :461
  • ISBN : 9789400728691
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Summary : Mitochondria are far more than the “powerhouse” of the cell as they have classically been described. In fact, mitochondria biological activities have progressively expanded to include not only various bioenergetic processes but also important biosynthetic pathways, calcium homeostasis and thermogenesis, cell death by apoptosis, several different signal transduction pathways mainly related to redox control of gene expression and so on. This functional and structural complexity may undergo important derangements so to justify the definition of ‘mitochondrial medicine’, which should include all the clinical consequences of congenital or acquired mitochondrial dysfunctions. There are actually a growing number of studies which assign a significant pathogenic role to damaged mitochondria in different diseases: ischemia/reperfusion injury, neurodegenerative diseases, cancer with its dramatic sequelae (i.e, metastasis), metabolic syndrome, hyperlipidemias, just to mention a few of the most important pathologies. In this context, a further aspect that should not be disregarded is the interaction of pharmacological agents with mitochondria, not only in regard of the toxicological aspects but, above all, of the potential therapeutic applications. In fact, it is interesting to note that, while the properties of different so-called “mitoxicants” are well-known, the subtle linkages between drugs and mitochondria is still in need of a real pharmacological and therapeutic control at the clinical level. This lack of consideration can often lead to an underestimation of unwanted toxic effects but also of desirable therapeutic activities. A reevaluation of the potential clinical role of mitochondria could give a new light on some yet obscure aspects of human pathophysiology.

Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis

Neurodegeneration in Multiple Sclerosis
  • Author : M. Filippi,M. Rovaris,G. Comi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-02-01
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 8847003911
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Summary : Written by world-renowned scientists, the volume provides a state-of-the-art on the most recent MRI techniques related to MS, and it is an indispensable tool for all those working in this field. The context in which this book exists is that there is an increasing perception that modern MR methodologies should be more extensively employed in clinical trials to derive innovative information.

Mitochondria in Health and Disease

Mitochondria in Health and Disease
  • Author : Carolyn D. Berdanier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-06-09
  • Total pages :640
  • ISBN : 9781420028843
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Summary : It was once assumed that mitochondrial diseases were rare and that few people were affected. As knowledge has grown about these organelles and their function, it became clear that mitochondrial malfunction could be linked to several chronic diseases. Diabetes has been associated with DNA mutation and can cause mutation itself. This text discusses findings involving the effects of disease on mitochondrial number, mitogenesis, and the base sequence of mitochondrial DNA. Experts discuss their study of mitochondria and what happens when it malfunctions. This book also explores the idea that mutated mitochondrial DNA can result in disease, and vice versa.