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Molecular Photofitting

Molecular Photofitting
  • Author : Tony Frudakis, Ph.D.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-19
  • Total pages :712
  • ISBN : 0080551378
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Summary : In the field of forensics, there is a critical need for genetic tests that can function in a predictive or inferential sense, before suspects have been identified, and/or for crimes for which DNA evidence exists but eye-witnesses do not. Molecular Photofitting fills this need by describing the process of generating a physical description of an individual from the analysis of his or her DNA. The molecular photofitting process has been used to assist with the identification of remains and to guide criminal investigations toward certain individuals within the sphere of prior suspects. Molecular Photofitting provides an accessible roadmap for both the forensic scientist hoping to make use of the new tests becoming available, and for the human genetic researcher working to discover the panels of markers that comprise these tests. By implementing population structure as a practical forensics and clinical genomics tool, Molecular Photofitting serves to redefine the way science and history look at ancestry and genetics, and shows how these tools can be used to maximize the efficacy of our criminal justice system. Explains how physical descriptions of individuals can be generated using only their DNA Contains case studies that show how this new forensic technology is used in practical application Includes over 100 diagrams, tables, and photos to illustrate and outline complex concepts

A Genetic Assay for Estimating Scalp Hair Pigmentation from Forensic Specimens

A Genetic Assay for Estimating Scalp Hair Pigmentation from Forensic Specimens
  • Author : Sara Lynn Jubelirer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : MSU:31293030635522
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Summary :

Genetics and the Unsettled Past

Genetics and the Unsettled Past
  • Author : Keith Wailoo,Alondra Nelson,Catherine Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-03-15
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9780813553368
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Summary : Our genetic markers have come to be regarded as portals to the past. Analysis of these markers is increasingly used to tell the story of human migration; to investigate and judge issues of social membership and kinship; to rewrite history and collective memory; to right past wrongs and to arbitrate legal claims and human rights controversies; and to open new thinking about health and well-being. At the same time, in many societies genetic evidence is being called upon to perform a kind of racially charged cultural work: to repair the racial past and to transform scholarly and popular opinion about the “nature” of identity in the present. Genetics and the Unsettled Past considers the alignment of genetic science with commercial genealogy, with legal and forensic developments, and with pharmaceutical innovation to examine how these trends lend renewed authority to biological understandings of race and history. This unique collection brings together scholars from a wide range of disciplines—biology, history, cultural studies, law, medicine, anthropology, ethnic studies, sociology—to explore the emerging and often contested connections among race, DNA, and history. Written for a general audience, the book’s essays touch upon a variety of topics, including the rise and implications of DNA in genealogy, law, and other fields; the cultural and political uses and misuses of genetic information; the way in which DNA testing is reshaping understandings of group identity for French Canadians, Native Americans, South Africans, and many others within and across cultural and national boundaries; and the sweeping implications of genetics for society today.

Library Journal

Library Journal
  • Author : Melvil Dewey,Richard Rogers Bowker,L. Pylodet,Charles Ammi Cutter,Bertine Emma Weston,Karl Brown,Helen E. Wessells
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015081490479
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Summary : Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology
  • Author : Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-28
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781315528922
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Summary : With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

Ancestors and Relatives

Ancestors and Relatives
  • Author : Eviatar Zerubavel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-01-26
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9780199773954
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Summary : Noted social scientist Eviatar Zerubavel casts a critical eye on how we trace our past-individually and collectively arguing that rather than simply find out who our ancestors are from genetics or history, we actually create the stories that make them our ancestors.

New Scientist

New Scientist
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015085195561
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Summary :

Race and the Genetic Revolution

Race and the Genetic Revolution
  • Author : Sheldon Krimsky,Kathleen Sloan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-27
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780231527699
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Summary : Do advances in genomic biology create a scientific rationale for long-discredited racial categories? Leading scholars in law, medicine, biology, sociology, history, anthropology, and psychology examine the impact of modern genetics on the concept of race. Contributors trace the interplay between genetics and race in forensic DNA databanks, the biology of intelligence, DNA ancestry markers, and racialized medicine. Each essay explores commonly held and unexamined assumptions and misperceptions about race in science and popular culture. This collection begins with the historical origins and current uses of the concept of "race" in science. It follows with an analysis of the role of race in DNA databanks and racial disparities in the criminal justice system. Essays then consider the rise of recreational genetics in the form of for-profit testing of genetic ancestry and the introduction of racialized medicine, specifically through an FDA-approved heart drug called BiDil, marketed to African American men. Concluding sections discuss the contradictions between our scientific and cultural understandings of race and the continuing significance of race in educational and criminal justice policy.

Technology in Forensic Science

Technology in Forensic Science
  • Author : Deepak Rawtani,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-02
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9783527347629
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Summary : The book "Technology in Forensic Science" provides an integrated approach by reviewing the usage of modern forensic tools as well as the methods for interpretation of the results. Starting with best practices on sample taking, the book then reviews analytical methods such as high-resolution microscopy and chromatography, biometric approaches, and advanced sensor technology as well as emerging technologies such as nanotechnology and taggant technology. It concludes with an outlook to emerging methods such as AI-based approaches to forensic investigations.

Craniofacial Identification

Craniofacial Identification
  • Author : Caroline Wilkinson,Christopher Rynn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-05-03
  • Total pages :263
  • ISBN : 9780521768627
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Summary : Draws together a wide range of elements relating to craniofacial analysis and identification, examining the latest advances in the field.

Evolution after Gene Duplication

Evolution after Gene Duplication
  • Author : Katharina Dittmar,David Liberles
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-09
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781118148099
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Summary : Gene duplication has long been believed to have played a major role in the rise of biological novelty through evolution of new function and gene expression patterns. The first book to examine gene duplication across all levels of biological organization, Evolution after Gene Duplication presents a comprehensive picture of the mechanistic process by which gene duplication may have played a role in generating biodiversity. Key Features: Explores comparative genomics, genome evolution studies and analysis of multi-gene families such as Hox, globins, olfactory receptors and MHC (immune system) A complete post-genome treatment of the topic originally covered by Ohno's 1970 classic, this volume extends coverage to include the fate of associated regulatory pathways Taps the significant increase in multi-gene family data that has resulted from comparative genomics Comprehensive coverage that includes opposing theoretical viewpoints, comparative genomics data, theoretical and empirical evidence and the role of bioinformatics in the study of gene duplication This up-to-date overview of theory and mathematical models along with practical examples is suitable for scientists across various levels of biology as well as instructors and graduate students.

Forensic Facial Identification

Forensic Facial Identification
  • Author : Tim Valentine,Josh P Davis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-10
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781118469576
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Summary : Forensic Facial Identification discusses the latestscientific and technical advancements in the field and theirimplications for practice in psychology, criminology, and law. Provides an up-to-date set of best practices for forensicfacial identification Reviews current procedures for different facial identificationmethods and their reliability Covers eyewitness testimony, line-ups, facial composites,anthropological face reconstructions, CCTV images, and computerizedautomatic face recognition systems Incorporates case studies which put the latest research andtechnology in the proper legal context

Constitutive Models for Rubber VII

Constitutive Models for Rubber VII
  • Author : Stephen Jerrams,Niall Murphy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-09
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9781466553996
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Summary : All aspects of our lives, industry, health, travel and leisure, are utterly reliant on rubber materials, yet typically this notion rarely occurs to us. Increasingly, greater demands are made on elastomeric compounds and we seek elevated performance in terms of improved physical and chemical properties. In particular, we have come to expect rubber components (tyres, vibration isolators, seals etc) to exhibit exceptional wear and fatigue resistance, often at elevated temperatures. Unsurprisingly then, the emphasis in characterising isochoric materials has shifted significantly away from understanding and modelling hyperelastic material behaviour, to a position where we can confi dently design and manufacture rubber components having the functionality and resilience to meet the dynamic loading and harsh environmental conditions that are prevalent today. In consequence, state-of-the-art technology in terms of dynamic response and fatigue resistance are strongly represented here along with numerous insights into advanced elastomers used in novel applications. This development is not at the expense of research devoted to current test procedures and the constitutive equations and algorithms that underpin finite element methods. As a result, Constitutive Models for Rubber VII is not only essential reading for undergraduates, postgraduates, academics and researchers working in the discipline, but also for all those designers and engineers involved in the improvement of machines and devices by introducing new and novel elastomers possessing elevated properties.

Case Studies in Cell Biology

Case Studies in Cell Biology
  • Author : Merri Lynn Casem
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-15
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9780128016848
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Summary : Case Studies in Cell Biology presents real world scenarios to help readers use science process and reasoning skills. The case studies require application and analyzation of concepts beyond rote memory of biological concepts. The book is based on the student learning outcomes from the American Society for Cell Biology, offering practical application for both the classroom and research laboratory. Guides the reader in applying knowledge directly to real world scenarios Includes case studies to bridge foundational cell biological concepts to translational science Aids students in synthesizing information and applying science processes

Game Dynamics

Game Dynamics
  • Author : Oliver Korn,Newton Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-01
  • Total pages :177
  • ISBN : 9783319530888
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Summary : This book offers a compendium of best practices in game dynamics. It covers a wide range of dynamic game elements ranging from player behavior over artificial intelligence to procedural content generation. Such dynamics make virtual worlds more lively and realistic and they also create the potential for moments of amazement and surprise. In many cases, game dynamics are driven by a combination of random seeds, player records and procedural algorithms. Games can even incorporate the player’s real-world behavior to create dynamic responses. The best practices illustrate how dynamic elements improve the user experience and increase the replay value. The book draws upon interdisciplinary approaches; researchers and practitioners from Game Studies, Computer Science, Human-Computer Interaction, Psychology and other disciplines will find this book to be an exceptional resource of both creative inspiration and hands-on process knowledge.

Microbial Forensics

Microbial Forensics
  • Author : Bruce Budowle,Steven E. Schutzer,Stephen A. Morse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-30
  • Total pages :526
  • ISBN : 9780128153802
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Summary : Microbial Forensics, Third Edition, serves as a complete reference on the discipline, describing the advances, challenges and opportunities that are integral in applying science to help solve future biocrimes. New chapters include: Microbial Source Tracking, Clinical Recognition, Bioinformatics, and Quality Assurance. This book is intended for a wide audience, but will be indispensable to forensic scientists and researchers interested in contributing to the growing field of microbial forensics. Biologists and microbiologists, the legal and judicial system, and the international community involved with Biological Weapons Treaties will also find this volume invaluable. Presents new and expanded content that includes a statistical analysis of forensic data, legal admissibility and standards of evidence Discusses actual cases of forensic bioterrorism Includes contributions from editors and authors who are leading experts in the field, with primary experience in the application of this fast-growing discipline

Forensic Science Abstracts

Forensic Science Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4418901
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Summary :

Aesthetic Surgery of the Facial Mosaic

Aesthetic Surgery of the Facial Mosaic
  • Author : Dimitrije E. Panfilov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-16
  • Total pages :715
  • ISBN : 9783540331629
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Summary : This authoritative reference book assembles the experience of an international faculty of authors, each of whom has performed several thousand facelifts, i.e. procedures to rejuvenate and harmonize the human face. The authors share their experience, including tips and tricks, as well as ways to avoid complications and pitfalls. All procedures in this regard are covered and the text is accompanied by extensive artwork and photographs. A kaleidoscope of 363 important aspects, tips and tricks in facial plastic surgery rounds up the presentation.

The Human Genome

The Human Genome
  • Author : Julia E. Richards,R. Scott Hawley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-12
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 0080918654
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Summary : Significant advances in our knowledge of genetics were made during the twentieth century but in the most recent decades, genetic research has dramatically increased its impact throughout society. Genetic issues are now playing a large role in health and public policy, and new knowledge in this field will continue to have significant implications for individuals and society. Written for the non-majors human genetics course, Human Genetics, 3E will increase the genetics knowledge of students who are learning about human genetics for the first time. This thorough revision of the best-selling Human Genome,2E includes entirely new chapters on forensics, stem cell biology, bioinformatics, and societal/ethical issues associated with the field. New special features boxes make connections between human genetics and human health and disease. Carefully crafted pedagogy includes chapter-opening case studies that set the stage for each chapter; concept statements interspersed throughout the chapter that keep first-time students focused on key concepts; and end-of-chapter questions and critical thinking activities. This new edition will contribute to creating a genetically literate student population that understands basic biological research, understands elements of the personal and health implications of genetics, and participates effectively in public policy issues involving genetic information . Includes topical material on forensics, disease studies, and the human genome project to engage non-specialist students Full, 4-color illustration program enhances and reinforces key concepts and themes Uniform organization of chapters includes interest boxes that focus on human health and disease, chapter-opening case studies, and concept statements to engage non-specialist readers

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine
  • Author : Judy S. Crabtree
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :112
  • ISBN : 9780128204023
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Summary : Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Movement Disorders

Movement Disorders
  • Author : Mark S. LeDoux
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-24
  • Total pages :1258
  • ISBN : 9780124055162
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Summary : The use of animal models is a key aspect of scientific research in numerous fields of medicine. Movement Disorders, Second Edition vigorously examines the important contributions and application of animal models to the understanding of human movement disorders, and serves as an essential resource for basic neuroscientists engaged in movement disorders research. Academic clinicians, translational researchers and basic scientists are brought together to connect experimental findings made in different animal models to the clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment of human movement disorders. The book is divided into sections on Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, dystonia, tremor, paroxysmal movement disorders, ataxia, myoclonus, restless legs syndrome, drug-induced movement disorders, multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy/corticobasal degeneration, and spasticity. This book serves as an essential resource for both clinicians interested in the science being generated with animal models and basic scientists studying the pathogenesis of particular movement disorders. Introduces the scientific foundations for modern movement disorders research Contributing authors are internationally known experts Completely revised with 20% new material Provides a comprehensive discussion of genetics for each type of movement disorder Covers Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, dystonia, tremors, and tics