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Monolithic Nanoscale Photonics-Electronics Integration in Silicon and Other Group IV Elements

Monolithic Nanoscale Photonics-Electronics Integration in Silicon and Other Group IV Elements
  • Author : Henry Radamson,Lars Thylen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-17
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9780124199965
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Summary : Silicon technology is evolving rapidly, particularly in board-to-board or chip-to chip applications. Increasingly, the electronic parts of silicon technology will carry out the data processing, while the photonic parts take care of the data communication. For the first time, this book describes the merging of photonics and electronics in silicon and other group IV elements. It presents the challenges, the limitations, and the upcoming possibilities of these developments. The book describes the evolution of CMOS integrated electronics, status and development, and the fundamentals of silicon photonics, including the reasons for its rapid expansion, its possibilities and limitations. It discusses the applications of these technologies for such applications as memory, digital logic operations, light sources, including drive electronics, optical modulators, detectors, and post detector circuitry. It will appeal to engineers in the fields of both electronics and photonics who need to learn more about the basics of the other field and the prospects for the integration of the two. Combines the topics of photonics and electronics in silicon and other group IV elements Describes the evolution of CMOS integrated electronics, status and development, and the fundamentals of silicon photonics

Scaling And Integration Of High-speed Electronics And Optomechanical Systems

Scaling And Integration Of High-speed Electronics And Optomechanical Systems
  • Author : Willander Magnus,Pettersson Hakan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-17
  • Total pages :152
  • ISBN : 9789813225411
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Summary : Coined as the third revolution in electronics is under way; Manufacturing is going digital, driven by computing revolution, powered by MOS technology, in particular, by the CMOS technology and its development. In this book, the scaling challenges for CMOS: SiGe BiCMOS, THz and niche technology are covered; the first article looks at scaling challenges for CMOS from an industrial point of view (review of the latest innovations); the second article focuses on SiGe BiCMOS technologies (deals with high-speed up to the THz-region), and the third article reports on circuits associated with source/drain integration in 14 nm and beyond FinFET technology nodes. Followed by the last two articles on niche applications for emerging technologies: one deals with carbon nanotube network and plasmonics for the THz region carbon, while the other reviews the recent developments in integrated on-chip nano-optomechanical systems. Contents: PrefaceScaling Challenges for Advanced CMOS Devices (Ajey P Jacob, Ruilong Xie, Min Gyu Sung, Lars Liebmann, Rinus T P Lee and Bill Taylor)High-Speed SiGe BiCMOS Technologies and Circuits (A Mai, I Garcia Lopez, P Rito, R Nagulapalli, A Awny, M Elkhouly, M Eissa, M Ko, A Malignaggi, M Kucharski, H J Ng, K Schmalz and D Kissinger)Optimization of Selective Growth of SiGe for Source/Drain in 14nm and Beyond Nodes FinFETs (Henry H Radamson, Jun Luo, Changliang Qin, Huaxiang Yin, Huilong Zhu, Chao Zhao and Guilei Wang)Dynamic Conductivity and Two-Dimensional Plasmons in Lateral CNT Networks (Maxim Ryzhii, Taiichi Otsuji, Victor Ryzhii, Vladimir Mitin, Michael S Shur, Georgy Fedorov and Vladimir Leiman)Integrated On-Chip Nano-Optomechanical Systems (Zhu Diao, Vincent T K Sauer and Wayne K Hiebert)Author Index Readership: Scientists, engineers, research leaders, and even investors interested in microelectronics, nanoelectronics, and optoelectronics. It is also recommended to graduate students working in these fields.

Information Photonics

Information Photonics
  • Author : Asit Kumar Datta,Soumika Munshi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-25
  • Total pages :511
  • ISBN : 9781482236422
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Summary : The main aim of this book is to introduce the concept of photonic information processing technologies to the graduate and post-graduate students, researchers, engineers and scientists. It is expected to give the readers an insight into the concepts of photonic techniques of processing as a system, the photonic devices as required components which are applied in the areas of communication, computation and intelligent pattern recognition.

Handbook of Silicon Photonics

Handbook of Silicon Photonics
  • Author : Laurent Vivien,Lorenzo Pavesi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :851
  • ISBN : 9781439836118
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Summary : The development of integrated silicon photonic circuits has recently been driven by the Internet and the push for high bandwidth as well as the need to reduce power dissipation induced by high data-rate signal transmission. To reach these goals, efficient passive and active silicon photonic devices, including waveguide, modulators, photodetectors,

Silicon Photonics

Silicon Photonics
  • Author : Graham T. Reed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-05-23
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9780470994528
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Summary : Silicon photonics is currently a very active and progressive area of research, as silicon optical circuits have emerged as the replacement technology for copper-based circuits in communication and broadband networks. The demand for ever improving communications and computing performance continues, and this in turn means that photonic circuits are finding ever increasing application areas. This text provides an important and timely overview of the ‘hot topics’ in the field, covering the various aspects of the technology that form the research area of silicon photonics. With contributions from some of the world’s leading researchers in silicon photonics, this book collates the latest advances in the technology. Silicon Photonics: the State of the Art opens with a highly informative foreword, and continues to feature: the integrated photonic circuit; silicon photonic waveguides; photonic bandgap waveguides; mechanisms for optical modulation in silicon; silicon based light sources; optical detection technologies for silicon photonics; passive silicon photonic devices; photonic and electronic integration approaches; applications in communications and sensors. Silicon Photonics: the State of the Art covers the essential elements of the entire field that is silicon photonics and is therefore an invaluable text for photonics engineers and professionals working in the fields of optical networks, optical communications, and semiconductor electronics. It is also an informative reference for graduate students studying for PhD in fibre optics, integrated optics, optical networking, microelectronics, or telecommunications.

CMOS Past, Present and Future

CMOS Past, Present and Future
  • Author : Henry Radamson,Eddy Simoen,Jun Luo,Chao Zhao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-03
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9780081021408
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Summary : CMOS Past, Present and Future provides insight from the basics, to the state-of-the-art of CMOS processing and electrical characterization, including the integration of Group IV semiconductors-based photonics. The book goes into the pitfalls and opportunities associated with the use of hetero-epitaxy on silicon with strain engineering and the integration of photonics and high-mobility channels on a silicon platform. It begins with the basic definitions and equations, but extends to present technologies and challenges, creating a roadmap on the origins of the technology and its evolution to the present, along with a vision for future trends. The book examines the challenges and opportunities that materials beyond silicon provide, including a close look at high-k materials and metal gate, strain engineering, channel material and mobility, and contacts. The book's key approach is on characterizations, device processing and electrical measurements. Addresses challenges and opportunities for the use of CMOS Covers the latest methods of strain engineering, materials integration to increase mobility, nano-scaled transistor processing, and integration of CMOS with photonic components Provides a look at the evolution of CMOS technology, including the origins of the technology, current status and future possibilities

Photonic Integration and Photonics-Electronics Convergence on Silicon Platform

Photonic Integration and Photonics-Electronics Convergence on Silicon Platform
  • Author : Koji Yamada,Jifeng Liu,Toshihiko Baba,Laurent Vivien, Dan-Xia Xu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-10
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889196937
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Summary : Silicon photonics technology, which has the DNA of silicon electronics technology, promises to provide a compact photonic integration platform with high integration density, mass-producibility, and excellent cost performance. This technology has been used to develop and to integrate various photonic functions on silicon substrate. Moreover, photonics-electronics convergence based on silicon substrate is now being pursued. Thanks to these features, silicon photonics will have the potential to be a superior technology used in the construction of energy-efficient cost-effective apparatuses for various applications, such as communications, information processing, and sensing. Considering the material characteristics of silicon and difficulties in microfabrication technology, however, silicon by itself is not necessarily an ideal material. For example, silicon is not suitable for light emitting devices because it is an indirect transition material. The resolution and dynamic range of silicon-based interference devices, such as wavelength filters, are significantly limited by fabrication errors in microfabrication processes. For further performance improvement, therefore, various assisting materials, such as indium-phosphide, silicon-nitride, germanium-tin, are now being imported into silicon photonics by using various heterogeneous integration technologies, such as low-temperature film deposition and wafer/die bonding. These assisting materials and heterogeneous integration technologies would also expand the application field of silicon photonics technology. Fortunately, silicon photonics technology has superior flexibility and robustness for heterogeneous integration. Moreover, along with photonic functions, silicon photonics technology has an ability of integration of electronic functions. In other words, we are on the verge of obtaining an ultimate technology that can integrate all photonic and electronic functions on a single Si chip. This e-Book aims at covering recent developments of the silicon photonic platform and novel functionalities with heterogeneous material integrations on this platform.

Mid-infrared Optoelectronics

Mid-infrared Optoelectronics
  • Author : Eric Tournié,Laurent Cerutti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-19
  • Total pages :750
  • ISBN : 9780081027387
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Summary : Mid-infrared Optoelectronics: Materials, Devices, and Applications addresses the new materials, devices and applications that have emerged over the last decade, along with exciting areas of research. Sections cover fundamentals, light sources, photodetectors, new approaches, and the application of mid-IR devices, with sections discussing LEDs, laser diodes, and quantum cascade lasers, mid-infrared optoelectronics, emerging research areas, dilute bismide and nitride alloys, Group-IV materials, gallium nitride heterostructures, and new nonlinear materials. Finally, the most relevant applications of mid-infrared devices are reviewed in industry, gas sensing, spectroscopy, and imaging. This book presents a key reference for materials scientists, engineers and professionals working in R&D in the area of semiconductors and optoelectronics. Provides a comprehensive overview of mid-infrared photodetectors and light sources and the latest materials and devices Reviews emerging areas of research in the field of mid-infrared optoelectronics, including new materials, such as wide bandgap materials, chalcogenides and new approaches, like heterogeneous integration Includes information on the most relevant applications in industry, like gas sensing, spectroscopy and imaging

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers

Optical Interconnects for Data Centers
  • Author : Tolga Tekin,Nikos Pleros,Richard Pitwon,Andreas Hakansson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-01
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9780081005132
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Summary : Current data centre networks, based on electronic packet switches, are experiencing an exponential increase in network traffic due to developments such as cloud computing. Optical interconnects have emerged as a promising alternative offering high throughput and reduced power consumption. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers reviews key developments in the use of optical interconnects in data centres and the current state of the art in transforming this technology into a reality. The book discusses developments in optical materials and components (such as single and multi-mode waveguides), circuit boards and ways the technology can be deployed in data centres. Optical Interconnects for Data Centers is a key reference text for electronics designers, optical engineers, communications engineers and R&D managers working in the communications and electronics industries as well as postgraduate researchers. Summarizes the state-of-the-art in this emerging field Presents a comprehensive review of all the key aspects of deploying optical interconnects in data centers, from materials and components, to circuit boards and methods for integration Contains contributions that are drawn from leading international experts on the topic

Silicon Photonics Design

Silicon Photonics Design
  • Author : Lukas Chrostowski,Michael Hochberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-12
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9781107085459
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Summary : This hands-on introduction to silicon photonics engineering equips students with everything they need to begin creating foundry-ready designs.

Silicon Photonics

Silicon Photonics
  • Author : Graham T. Reed,Andrew P. Knights
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-10-29
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9780470870358
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Summary : The growing demand for instant and reliable communication means that photonic circuits are increasingly finding applications in optical communications systems. One of the prime candidates to provide satisfactory performance at low cost in the photonic circuit is silicon. Whilst silicon photonics is less well developed as compared to some other material technologies, it is poised to make a serious impact on the telecommunications industry, as well as in many other applications, as other technologies fail to meet the yield/performance/cost trade-offs. Following a sympathetic tutorial approach, this first book on silicon photonics provides a comprehensive overview of the technology. Silicon Photonics explains the concepts of the technology, taking the reader through the introductory principles, on to more complex building blocks of the optical circuit. Starting with the basics of waveguides and the properties peculiar to silicon, the book also features: Key design issues in optical circuits. Experimental methods. Evaluation techniques. Operation of waveguide based devices. Fabrication of silicon waveguide circuits. Evaluation of silicon photonic systems. Numerous worked examples, models and case studies. Silicon Photonics is an essential tool for photonics engineers and young professionals working in the optical network, optical communications and semiconductor industries. This book is also an invaluable reference and a potential main text to senior undergraduates and postgraduate students studying fibre optics, integrated optics, or optical network technology.

New Research on Silicon

New Research on Silicon
  • Author : Vitalyi Igorevich Talanin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-31
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9789535131595
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Summary : The knowledge of fundamental silicon questions and all aspects of silicon technology gives the possibility of improvement to both initial silicon material and devices on silicon basis. The articles for this book have been contributed by the much respected researchers in this area and cover the most recent developments and applications of silicon technology and some fundamental questions. This book provides the latest research developments in important aspects of silicon including nanoclusters, solar silicon, porous silicon, some technological processes, and silicon devices and also fundamental question about silicon structural perfection. This book is of interest both to fundamental research and to practicing scientists and also will be useful to all engineers and students in industry and academia.

Nanowire Electronics

Nanowire Electronics
  • Author : Guozhen Shen,Yu-Lun Chueh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-23
  • Total pages :393
  • ISBN : 9789811323676
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Summary : This book gives a comprehensive overview of recent advances in developing nanowires for building various kinds of electronic devices. Specifically the applications of nanowires in detectors, sensors, circuits, energy storage and conversion, etc., are reviewed in detail by the experts in this field. Growth methods of different kinds of nanowires are also covered when discussing the electronic applications. Through discussing these cutting edge researches, the future directions of nanowire electronics are identified.

Neuromorphic Photonics

Neuromorphic Photonics
  • Author : Paul R. Prucnal,Bhavin J. Shastri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-08
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9781498725248
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Summary : This book sets out to build bridges between the domains of photonic device physics and neural networks, providing a comprehensive overview of the emerging field of "neuromorphic photonics." It includes a thorough discussion of evolution of neuromorphic photonics from the advent of fiber-optic neurons to today’s state-of-the-art integrated laser neurons, which are a current focus of international research. Neuromorphic Photonics explores candidate interconnection architectures and devices for integrated neuromorphic networks, along with key functionality such as learning. It is written at a level accessible to graduate students, while also intending to serve as a comprehensive reference for experts in the field.

Ultraviolet Laser Technology and Applications

Ultraviolet Laser Technology and Applications
  • Author : David L. Elliott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-28
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781483296517
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Summary : Ultraviolet Laser Technology and Applications is a hands-on reference text that identifies the main areas of UV laser technology; describes how each is applied; offers clearly illustrated examples of UV opticalsystems applications; and includes technical data on optics, lasers, materials, and systems. This book is unique for its comprehensive, in-depth coverage. Each chapter deals with a different aspect of the subject, beginning with UV light itself; moving through the optics, sources, and systems; and concluding with detailed descriptions of applications in various fields. The text enables practicing engineers and researchers to utilize concepts and innovations to solve actual problems encountered in UV optical technology applications. It also offers a wealth of information for equipment designers and manufacturers. Those in laser fields (including medical, electronics, and semiconductors), students, engineers, technicians, as well as newcomers to the subject who require a basic introduction to the topic, will all find Ultraviolet Laser Technology and Applications to be an essential resource. Serves as a valuable, practical reference to UV laser technology Presents detailed technical data and techniques Offers highly illustrated optics designs and beam delivery systems Includes an extensive bibliography, references, and glossary Covers all major UV laser markets and technology systems

Laser Focus World

Laser Focus World
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822036930014
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Summary : Global electro-optic technology and markets.

Semiconductor Lasers

Semiconductor Lasers
  • Author : Alexei Baranov,Eric Tournie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-23
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 9780857096401
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Summary : Semiconductor lasers have important applications in numerous fields, including engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine. They form the backbone of the optical telecommunications infrastructure supporting the internet, and are used in information storage devices, bar-code scanners, laser printers and many other everyday products. Semiconductor lasers: Fundamentals and applications is a comprehensive review of this vital technology. Part one introduces the fundamentals of semiconductor lasers, beginning with key principles before going on to discuss photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation. Part two then reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers. Nonpolar and semipolar GaN-based lasers, advanced self-assembled InAs quantum dot lasers and vertical cavity surface emitting lasers are all considered, in addition to semiconductor disk and hybrid silicon lasers. Finally, applications of mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers are the focus of part three. Topics covered include GaSb-based type I quantum well diode lasers, interband cascade and terahertz quantum cascade lasers, whispering gallery mode lasers and tunable mid-infrared laser absorption spectroscopy. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Semiconductor lasers is a valuable guide for all those involved in the design, operation and application of these important lasers, including laser and telecommunications engineers, scientists working in biology and chemistry, medical practitioners, and academics working in this field. Provides a comprehensive review of semiconductor lasers and their applications in engineering, biology, chemistry and medicine Discusses photonic crystal lasers, high power semiconductor lasers and laser beams, and the use of semiconductor lasers in ultrafast pulse generation Reviews applications of visible and near-infrared emitting lasers and mid- and far-infrared emitting lasers

Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications

Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications
  • Author : Filippo Giannazzo,Samuel Lara Avila,Jens Eriksson,Sushant Sonde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9783038976066
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Integration of 2D Materials for Electronics Applications" that was published in Crystals

Optical Signal Processing by Silicon Photonics

Optical Signal Processing by Silicon Photonics
  • Author : Jameel Ahmed,Mohammed Yakoob Siyal,Freeha Adeel,Ashiq Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-14
  • Total pages :126
  • ISBN : 9789814560115
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Summary : The main objective of this book is to make respective graduate students understand the nonlinear effects inside SOI waveguide and possible applications of SOI waveguides in this emerging research area of optical fibre communication. This book focuses on achieving successful optical frequency shifting by Four Wave Mixing (FWM) in silicon-on-insulator (SOI) waveguide by exploiting a nonlinear phenomenon.

Silicon-Based Photonics

Silicon-Based Photonics
  • Author : Erich Kasper,Jinzhong Yu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-24
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9789814303255
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Summary : Silicon photonics has evolved rapidly as a research topic with enormous application potential. The high refractive index contrast of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) shows great promise for submicron waveguide structures suited for integration on the chip scale in the near-infrared region. Ge- and GeSn-Si heterostructures with different elastic strain levels already provide expansion of the spectral range, high-speed operation, efficient modulation and switching of optical signals, and enhanced light emission and lasing. This book focuses on the integration of heterostructure devices with silicon photonics. The authors have attempted to merge a concise treatment of classical silicon photonics with a description of principles, prospects, challenges, and technical solution paths of adding silicon-based heterostructures. The book discusses the basics of heterostructure-based silicon photonics, system layouts, and key device components, keeping in mind the application background. Special focus is placed on SOI-based waveguide configurations and Ge- and GeSn-Si heterostructure devices for light detection, modulation, and light emission and lasing. The book also provides an overview of the technological and materials science challenges connected with integration on silicon. The first half of the book is mainly for readers who are interested in the topic because of its increasing importance in different fields, while the latter half covers different device structures for light emission, detection, modulation, extension of the wavelength beyond 1.6 μm, and lasing, as well as future challenges.

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VII

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VII
  • Author : Alan Willner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-16
  • Total pages :1118
  • ISBN : 9780128163122
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Summary : With optical fiber telecommunications firmly entrenched in the global information infrastructure, a key question for the future is how deeply will optical communications penetrate and complement other forms of communication (e.g., wireless access, on-premises networks, interconnects, and satellites). Optical Fiber Telecommunications, the seventh edition of the classic series that has chronicled the progress in the research and development of lightwave communications since 1979, examines present and future opportunities by presenting the latest advances on key topics such as: Fiber and 5G-wireless access networks Inter- and intra-data center communications Free-space and quantum communication links Another key issue is the use of advanced photonics manufacturing and electronic signal processing to lower the cost of services and increase the system performance. To address this, the book covers: Foundry and software capabilities for widespread user access to photonic integrated circuits Nano- and microphotonic components Advanced and nonconventional data modulation formats The traditional emphasis of achieving higher data rates and longer transmission distances are also addressed through chapters on space-division-multiplexing, undersea cable systems, and efficient reconfigurable networking. This book is intended as an ideal reference suitable for university and industry researchers, graduate students, optical systems implementers, network operators, managers, and investors. Quotes: "This book series, which owes much of its distinguished history to the late Drs. Kaminow and Li, describes hot and growing applied topics, which include long-distance and wideband systems, data centers, 5G, wireless networks, foundry production of photonic integrated circuits, quantum communications, and AI/deep-learning. These subjects will be highly beneficial for industrial R&D engineers, university teachers and students, and funding agents in the business sector." Prof. Kenichi Iga President (Retired), Tokyo Institute of Technology "With the passing of two luminaries, Ivan Kaminow and Tingye Li, I feared the loss of one of the premier reference books in the field. Happily, this new version comes to chronicle the current state-of-the-art and is written by the next generation of leaders. This is a must-have reference book for anyone working in or trying to understand the field of optical fiber communications technology." Dr. Donald B. Keck Vice President, Corning, Inc. (Retired) "This book is the seventh edition in the definitive series that was previously marshaled by the extraordinary Ivan Kaminow and Tingye Li, both sadly no longer with us. The series has charted the remarkable progress made in the field, and over a billion kilometers of optical fiber currently snake across the globe carrying ever-increasing Internet traffic. Anyone wondering about how we will cope with this incredible growth must read this book." Prof. Sir David Payne Director, Optoelectronics Research Centre, University of Southampton Updated edition presents the latest advances in optical fiber components, systems, subsystems and networks Written by leading authorities from academia and industry Gives a self-contained overview of specific technologies, covering both the state-of-the-art and future research challenges