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Multiphase Flow Analysis Using Population Balance Modeling

Multiphase Flow Analysis Using Population Balance Modeling
  • Author : Guan Heng Yeoh,Dr. Chi Pok Cheung,Jiyuan Tu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780080982335
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Summary : Written by leading multiphase flow and CFD experts, this book enables engineers and researchers to understand the use of PBM and CFD frameworks. Population balance approaches can now be used in conjunction with CFD, effectively driving more efficient and effective multiphase flow processes. Engineers familiar with standard CFD software, including ANSYS-CFX and ANSYS–Fluent, will be able to use the tools and approaches presented in this book in the effective research, modeling and control of multiphase flow problems. Builds a complete understanding of the theory behind the application of population balance models and an appreciation of the scale-up of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and population balance modeling (PBM) to a variety of engineering and industry applications in chemical, pharmaceutical, energy and petrochemical sectors The tools in this book provide the opportunity to incorporate more accurate models in the design of chemical and particulate based multiphase processes Enables readers to translate theory to practical use with CFD software

Multiphase Particulate Systems in Turbulent Flows

Multiphase Particulate Systems in Turbulent Flows
  • Author : Wioletta Podgórska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-17
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9781482235708
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Summary : Multiphase Particulate Systems in Turbulent Flows: Fluid-Liquid and Solid-Liquid Dispersions provides methods necessary to analyze complex particulate systems and related phenomena including physical, chemical and mathematical description of fundamental processes influencing crystal size and shape, suspension rheology, interfacial area of drops and bubbles in extractors and bubble columns. Examples of mathematical model formulation for different processes taking place in such systems is shown. Discussing connections between turbulent mixing mechanisms and precipitation, it discusses influence of fine-scale structure of turbulence, including its intermittent character, on breakage of drops, bubbles, cells, plant cell aggregates. An important aspect of the mathematical modeling presented in the book is multi-fractal, taking into account the influence of internal intermittency on different phenomena. Key Features Provides detailed descriptions of dispersion processes in turbulent flow, interactions between dispersed entities, and continuous phase in a single volume Includes simulation models and validation experiments for liquid-liquid, gas-liquid, and solid-liquid dispersions in turbulent flows Helps reader learn formulation of mathematical models of breakage or aggregation processes using multifractal theory Explains how to solve different forms of population balance equations Presents a combination of theoretical and engineering approaches to particulate systems along with discussion of related diversity, with exercises and case studies

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment

Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment
  • Author : Jyeshtharaj Joshi,Arun K Nayak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :700
  • ISBN : 9780081023372
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Summary : Advances of Computational Fluid Dynamics in Nuclear Reactor Design and Safety Assessment presents the latest computational fluid dynamic technologies. It includes an evaluation of safety systems for reactors using CFD and their design, the modeling of Severe Accident Phenomena Using CFD, Model Development for Two-phase Flows, and Applications for Sodium and Molten Salt Reactor Designs. Editors Joshi and Nayak have an invaluable wealth of experience that enables them to comment on the development of CFD models, the technologies currently in practice, and the future of CFD in nuclear reactors. Readers will find a thematic discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of Gen II to Gen IV reactor concepts that will help them develop cost reduction strategies for nuclear power plants. Presents a thematic and comprehensive discussion on each aspect of CFD applications for the design and safety assessment of nuclear reactors Provides an historical review of the development of CFD models, discusses state-of-the-art concepts, and takes an applied and analytic look toward the future Includes CFD tools and simulations to advise and guide the reader through enhancing cost effectiveness, safety and performance optimization

Chemical Reactor Modeling

Chemical Reactor Modeling
  • Author : Hugo A. Jakobsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-02
  • Total pages :1535
  • ISBN : 9783319050928
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Summary : Chemical Reactor Modeling closes the gap between Chemical Reaction Engineering and Fluid Mechanics. The second edition consists of two volumes: Volume 1: Fundamentals. Volume 2: Chemical Engineering Applications In volume 1 most of the fundamental theory is presented. A few numerical model simulation application examples are given to elucidate the link between theory and applications. In volume 2 the chemical reactor equipment to be modeled are described. Several engineering models are introduced and discussed. A survey of the frequently used numerical methods, algorithms and schemes is provided. A few practical engineering applications of the modeling tools are presented and discussed. The working principles of several experimental techniques employed in order to get data for model validation are outlined. The monograph is based on lectures regularly taught in the fourth and fifth years graduate courses in transport phenomena and chemical reactor modeling and in a post graduate course in modern reactor modeling at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering, Trondheim, Norway. The objective of the book is to present the fundamentals of the single-fluid and multi-fluid models for the analysis of single and multiphase reactive flows in chemical reactors with a chemical reactor engineering rather than mathematical bias. Organized into 13 chapters, it combines theoretical aspects and practical applications and covers some of the recent research in several areas of chemical reactor engineering. This book contains a survey of the modern literature in the field of chemical reactor modeling.

Multiphase Flow and Fluidization

Multiphase Flow and Fluidization
  • Author : Dimitri Gidaspow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 9780080512266
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Summary : Useful as a reference for engineers in industry and as an advanced level text for graduate engineering students, Multiphase Flow and Fluidization takes the reader beyond the theoretical to demonstrate how multiphase flow equations can be used to provide applied, practical, predictive solutions to industrial fluidization problems. Written to help advance progress in the emerging science of multiphase flow, this book begins with the development of the conservation laws and moves on through kinetic theory, clarifying many physical concepts (such as particulate viscosity and solids pressure) and introducing the new dependent variable--the volume fraction of the dispersed phase. Exercises at the end of each chapterare provided for further study and lead into applications not covered in the text itself. Treats fluidization as a branch of transport phenomena Demonstrates how to do transient, multidimensional simulation of multiphase processes The first book to apply kinetic theory to flow of particulates Is the only book to discuss numerical stability of multiphase equations and whether or not such equations are well-posed Explains the origin of bubbles and the concept of critical granular flow Presents clearly written exercises at the end of each chapter to facilitate understanding and further study

Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows

Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows
  • Author : Guan Heng Yeoh,Jiyuan Tu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-07
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 0080914896
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Summary : Mixed or multiphase flows of solid/liquid or solid/gas are commonly found in many industrial fields, and their behavior is complex and difficult to predict in many cases. The use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has emerged as a powerful tool for the understanding of fluid mechanics in multiphase reactors, which are widely used in the chemical, petroleum, mining, food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. Computational Techniques for Multiphase Flows enables scientists and engineers to the undertand the basis and application of CFD in muliphase flow, explains how to use the technique, when to use it and how to interpret the results and apply them to improving aplications in process enginering and other multiphase application areas including the pumping, automotive and energy sectors. Understandable guide to a complex subject Important in many industries Ideal for potential users of CFD

Population Balances

Population Balances
  • Author : Doraiswami Ramkrishna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-08-08
  • Total pages :355
  • ISBN : 9780080539249
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Summary : Engineers encounter particles in a variety of systems. The particles are either naturally present or engineered into these systems. In either case these particles often significantly affect the behavior of such systems. This book provides a framework for analyzing these dispersed phase systems and describes how to synthesize the behavior of the population particles and their environment from the behavior of single particles in their local environments. Population balances are of key relevance to a very diverse group of scientists, including astrophysicists, high-energy physicists, geophysicists, colloid chemists, biophysicists, materials scientists, chemical engineers, and meteorologists. Chemical engineers have put population balances to most use, with applications in the areas of crystallization; gas-liquid, liquid-liquid, and solid-liquid dispersions; liquid membrane systems; fluidized bed reactors; aerosol reactors; and microbial cultures. Ramkrishna provides a clear and general treatment of population balances with emphasis on their wide range of applicability. New insight into population balance models incorporating random particle growth, dynamic morphological structure, and complex multivariate formulations with a clear exposition of their mathematical derivation is presented. Population Balances provides the only available treatment of the solution of inverse problems essential for identification of population balance models for breakage and aggregation processes, particle nucleation, growth processes, and more. This book is especially useful for process engineers interested in the simulation and control of particulate systems. Additionally, comprehensive treatment of the stochastic formulation of small systems provides for the modeling of stochastic systems with promising new areas of applications such as the design of sterilization systems and radiation treatment of cancerous tumors. A clear and general treatment of population balances with emphasis on their wide range of applicability. Thus all processes involving solid-fluid and liquid-liquid dispersions, biological populations, etc. are encompassed Provides new insight into population balance models incorporating random particle growth, dynamic morphological structure, and complex multivariate formulations with a clear exposition of their mathematical derivation Presents a wide range of solution techniques, Monte Carlo simulation methods with a lucid exposition of their origin and scope for enhancing computational efficiency An account of self-similar solutions of population balance equations and their significance to the treatment of data on particulate systems The only available treatment of the solution of inverse problems essential for identification of population balance models for breakage and aggregation processes, particle nucleation and growth processes and so on A comprehensive treatment of the stochastic formulation of small systems with several new applications

Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems

Computational Models for Polydisperse Particulate and Multiphase Systems
  • Author : Daniele L. Marchisio,Rodney O. Fox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-28
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9780521858489
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Summary : All-inclusive introduction to polydisperse multiphase flows linking theory to practice through numerous real-world examples and MATLAB scripts for key algorithms.

Topics in Multiphase Transport Phenomena

Topics in Multiphase Transport Phenomena
  • Author : Robert W. Lyczkowski,Dimitri Gidaspow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-17
  • Total pages :142
  • ISBN : 9781728341620
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Summary : The story of multiphase science and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has never been documented heretofore. It is a new and by now a rather robust science and one which must be told how it came to be before the founders and key contributors pass on. If any one of an amazing chain of incidents, and coincidences had never happened, multiphase science and CFD would never have evolved and the story this book tells would never have materialized. This book presents my personal recollection tracing the most signal events in the history of the initiation, development, and propagation phases of multiphase science and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) which initiated in 1970.

Bubbly Flows

Bubbly Flows
  • Author : Martin Sommerfeld
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 9783642185403
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Summary : The book summarises the outcom of a priority research programme: 'Analysis, Modelling and Computation of Multiphase Flows'. The results of 24 individual research projects are presented. The main objective of the research programme was to provide a better understanding of the physical basis for multiphase gas-liquid flows as they are found in numerous chemical and biochemical reactors. The research comprises steady and unsteady multiphase flows in three frequently found reactor configurations, namely bubble columns without interiors, airlift loop reactors, and aerated stirred vessels. For this purpose new and improved measurement techniques were developed. From the resulting knowledge and data, new and refined models for describing the underlying physical processes were developed, which were used for the establishment and improvement of analytic as well as numerical methods for predicting multiphase reactors. Thereby, the development, lay-out and scale-up of such processes should be possible on a more reliable basis.

Computational Techniques for Multi-phase Flows

Computational Techniques for Multi-phase Flows
  • Author : Guan Heng Yeoh,Jiyuan Tu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :643
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822037437712
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Summary : Mixed or multiphase flows of solid/liquid or solid/gas are commonly found in many industrial fields, and their behavior is complex and difficult to predict in many cases. The use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has emerged as a powerful tool for the understanding of fluid mechanics in multiphase reactors, which are widely used in the chemical, petroleum, mining, food, beverage and pharmaceutical industries. This book enables scientists and engineers to the undertand the basis and application of CFD in muliphase flow, explains how to use the technique, when to use it and how to interpret the results and apply them to improving aplications in process enginering and other multiphase application areas including the pumping, automotive and energy sectors. *Understandable guide to a complex subject *Important in many industries *Ideal for potential users of CFD

Journal of Heat Transfer

Journal of Heat Transfer
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822033920562
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Summary :

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Jiyuan Tu,Guan Heng Yeoh,Chaoqun Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-21
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780080982434
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Summary : An introduction to CFD fundamentals and using commercial CFD software to solve engineering problems, designed for the wide variety of engineering students new to CFD, and for practicing engineers learning CFD for the first time. Combining an appropriate level of mathematical background, worked examples, computer screen shots, and step by step processes, this book walks the reader through modeling and computing, as well as interpreting CFD results. The first book in the field aimed at CFD users rather than developers. New to this edition: A more comprehensive coverage of CFD techniques including discretisation via finite element and spectral element as well as finite difference and finite volume methods and multigrid method. Coverage of different approaches to CFD grid generation in order to closely match how CFD meshing is being used in industry. Additional coverage of high-pressure fluid dynamics and meshless approach to provide a broader overview of the application areas where CFD can be used. 20% new content

Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering

Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering
  • Author : Ashok Kumar Verma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-17
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781482205930
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Summary : The use of simulation plays a vital part in developing an integrated approach to process design. By helping save time and money before the actual trial of a concept, this practice can assist with troubleshooting, design, control, revamping, and more. Process Modelling and Simulation in Chemical, Biochemical and Environmental Engineering explores ef

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow

Fundamentals of Multiphase Flow
  • Author : C. E. Brennen,Christopher E. Brennen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-18
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 0521848040
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Summary : Publisher Description

Advances in Chemical Engineering

Advances in Chemical Engineering
  • Author : Guy B. Marin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-11-10
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780080466330
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Summary : The theme of the present volume of Advances in Chemical Engineering is Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) and aims to show the state-of-the-art of the application of CFD in chemical engineering. The volume is made up of five complementary contributions, providing a style of between a tutorial and a research paper. Some contributions are entirely limited to velocity and temperature fields. Others emphasize the difficulties associated with the combination of transport and reaction. Contributions include dealing with the simulation of gas-liquid bubble columns and gas-liquid-solid fluidized beds. Addressing the different levels of modeling that are required in order to cover the full spectrum of length scales that are important for industrial applications. Stirred turbulent vessels and the chemical reactions. The importance of chemical reaction kinetics and the interaction with transport phenomena. Finally, looking at reactor engineering: the catalytic fixed bed reactor. Original reviews Leading chemical engineers as authors Reviewing the state-of-the-art of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

Theoretical Chemical Engineering Abstracts

Theoretical Chemical Engineering Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105003332355
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Summary :

Coupled CFD-DEM Modeling

Coupled CFD-DEM Modeling
  • Author : Hamid Reza Norouzi,Reza Zarghami,Rahmat Sotudeh-Gharebagh,Navid Mostoufi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-17
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 9781119005131
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Summary : Discusses the CFD-DEM method of modeling which combines both the Discrete Element Method and Computational Fluid Dynamics to simulate fluid-particle interactions. Deals with both theoretical and practical concepts of CFD-DEM, its numerical implementation accompanied by a hands-on numerical code in FORTRAN Gives examples of industrial applications

Multiphase Flow: The Ultimate Measurement Challenge

Multiphase Flow: The Ultimate Measurement Challenge
  • Author : Xiaoshu Cai,Yingxiang Wu,Zhiyao Huang,Shimin Wang,Mi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-02
  • Total pages :925
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822034536029
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Summary : This volume contains peer-reviewed papers presented at the 5th International Symposium on Measurement Techniques for Multiphase Flows and 2nd International Workshop on Process Tomography. This symposium covers a wide scope of multiphase measurements including measurements. Advanced methods and recent researching developments in these fields are submitted for academic communication and discussion.

The History of Multiphase Science and Computational Fluid Dynamics

The History of Multiphase Science and Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Robert W. Lyczkowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-10
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9783319665023
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Summary : This book tells the story of how the science of computational multiphase flow began in an effort to better analyze hypothetical light water power reactor accidents, including the “loss of coolant” accident. Written in the style of a memoir by an author with 40 years’ engineering research experience in computer modeling of fluidized beds and slurries, multiphase computational fluid dynamics, and multiphase flow, most recently at Argonne National Laboratory, the book traces how this new science developed during this time into RELAP5 and other computer programs to encompass realistic descriptions of phenomena ranging from fluidized beds for energy and chemicals production, slurry transport, pyroclastic flow from volcanoes, hemodynamics of blood-borne cells, and flow of granular particulates. Such descriptions are not possible using the classical single-phase Navier-Stokes equations. Whereas many books on computational techniques and computational fluid dynamics have appeared, they do not trace the historical development of the science in any detail, and none touch on the beginnings of multiphase science. A robust, process-rich account of technologic evolution, the book is ideal for students and practitioners of mechanical, chemical, nuclear engineering, and the history of science and technology.

Multiphase reacting flows: modelling and simulation

Multiphase reacting flows: modelling and simulation
  • Author : Daniele L. Marchisio,Rodney O. Fox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-16
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 9783211724644
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Summary : This book describes the most widely applicable modeling approaches. Chapters are organized in six groups covering from fundamentals to relevant applications. The book covers particle-based methods and also discusses Eulerian-Eulerian and Eulerian-Lagrangian techniques based on finite-volume schemes. Moreover, the possibility of modeling the poly-dispersity of the secondary phases in Eulerian-Eulerian schemes by solving the population balance equation is discussed.