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Multiscale Biomechanical Modeling of the Brain

Multiscale Biomechanical Modeling of the Brain
  • Author : Raj K. Prabhu,Mark F. Horstemeyer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-11-15
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 0128181443
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Summary : Multiscale biomechanical modeling of the brain presents a robust description of the constitutive modeling of the brain at the various length scales (nanoscale, microscale, mesoscale, macroscale and structural scale). In each scale, the book goes through to the state-of-the- experimental and computational tools used to quantify critical deformational information at that length scale. Then, at the structural scale, several user-based constitutive material models are presented along with its real-world boundary value problems. Lastly, design and optimization concepts are presented for use in occupant-centric design framework. This book is useful for both academia and industry where there is focus on the basic science aspects or the applied research of head and brain protection. The multiscale approach to this topic is unique, and cannot be found in other books. This book includes meticulously selected materials that aim at interconnecting the mechanistic analysis of the brain tissue at size scales ranging from subcellular to organ levels, and is an excellent reference for students, researchers, and clinicians in the field of brain mechanics and trauma. Presents concepts in the theoretical and thermodynamic framework for each length scale Teaches readers how to use an existing multiscale model for the brain, or develop a new multiscale model for the brain Takes an integrated experimental-computational approach and gives structured multiscale coverage of the problems

Multiscale Models of Brain Disorders

Multiscale Models of Brain Disorders
  • Author : Vassilis Cutsuridis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-11
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 9783030188306
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Summary : This book focuses on our current understanding of brain dynamics in various brain disorders (e.g. epilepsy, Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease) and how the multi-scale, multi-level tools of computational neuroscience can enhance this understanding. In recent years, there have been significant advances in the study of the dynamics of the disordered brain at both the microscopic and the macroscopic levels. This understanding can be furthered by the application of multi-scale computational models as integrative principles that may link single neuron dynamics and the dynamics of local and distant brain regions observed using human EEG, ERPs, MEG, LFPs and fMRI. Focusing on the computational models that are used to study movement, memory and cognitive disorders as well as epilepsy and consciousness related diseases, the book brings together physiologists and anatomists investigating cortical circuits; cognitive neuroscientists studying brain dynamics and behavior by means of EEG and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI); and computational neuroscientists using neural modeling techniques to explore local and large-scale disordered brain dynamics. Covering topics that have a significant impact on the field of medicine, neuroscience and computer science, the book appeals to a diverse group of investigators.

Computational Biomechanics

Computational Biomechanics
  • Author : Kozaburo Hayashi,Hiromasa Ishikawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :277
  • ISBN : 9784431669517
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Summary : The combination of readily available computing power and progress in numerical techniques has made nonlinear systems - the kind that only a few years ago were ignored as too complex - open to analysis for the first time. Now realistic models of living systems incorporating the nonlinear variation and anisotropic nature of physical properties can be solved numerically on modern computers to give realistically usable results. This has opened up new and exciting possibilities for the fusing of ideas from physiology and engineering in the burgeoning new field that is biomechanics. Computational Biomechanics presents pioneering work focusing on the areas of orthopedic and circulatory mechanics, using experimental results to confirm or improve the relevant mathematical models and parameters. Together with two companion volumes, Biomechanics: Functional Adaptation and Remodeling and the Data Book on Mechanical Properties of Living Cells, Tissues, and Organs, this monograph will prove invaluable to those working in fields ranging from medical science and clinical medicine to biomedical engineering and applied mechanics.

Computer Models in Biomechanics

Computer Models in Biomechanics
  • Author : Gerhard Holzapfel,Ellen Kuhl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-17
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9789400754638
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Summary : This book contains a collection of papers that were presented at the IUTAM Symposium on “Computer Models in Biomechanics: From Nano to Macro” held at Stanford University, California, USA, from August 29 to September 2, 2011. It contains state-of-the-art papers on: - Protein and Cell Mechanics: coarse-grained model for unfolded proteins, collagen-proteoglycan structural interactions in the cornea, simulations of cell behavior on substrates - Muscle Mechanics: modeling approaches for Ca2+–regulated smooth muscle contraction, smooth muscle modeling using continuum thermodynamical frameworks, cross-bridge model describing the mechanoenergetics of actomyosin interaction, multiscale skeletal muscle modeling - Cardiovascular Mechanics: multiscale modeling of arterial adaptations by incorporating molecular mechanisms, cardiovascular tissue damage, dissection properties of aortic aneurysms, intracranial aneurysms, electromechanics of the heart, hemodynamic alterations associated with arterial remodeling following aortic coarctation, patient-specific surgery planning for the Fontan procedure - Multiphasic Models: solutes in hydrated biological tissues, reformulation of mixture theory-based poroelasticity for interstitial tissue growth, tumor therapies of brain tissue, remodeling of microcirculation in liver lobes, reactions, mass transport and mechanics of tumor growth, water transport modeling in the brain, crack modeling of swelling porous media - Morphogenesis, Biological Tissues and Organs: mechanisms of brain morphogenesis, micromechanical modeling of anterior cruciate ligaments, mechanical characterization of the human liver, in vivo validation of predictive models for bone remodeling and mechanobiology, bridging scales in respiratory mechanics

Biomechanics of Living Organs

Biomechanics of Living Organs
  • Author : Yohan Payan,Jacques Ohayon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-01
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9780128040607
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Summary : Biomechanics of Living Organs: Hyperelastic Constitutive Laws for Finite Element Modeling is the first book to cover finite element biomechanical modeling of each organ in the human body. This collection of chapters from the leaders in the field focuses on the constitutive laws for each organ. Each author introduces the state-of-the-art concerning constitutive laws and then illustrates the implementation of such laws with Finite Element Modeling of these organs. The focus of each chapter is on instruction, careful derivation and presentation of formulae, and methods. When modeling tissues, this book will help users determine modeling parameters and the variability for particular populations. Chapters highlight important experimental techniques needed to inform, motivate, and validate the choice of strain energy function or the constitutive model. Remodeling, growth, and damage are all covered, as is the relationship of constitutive relationships of organs to tissue and molecular scale properties (as net organ behavior depends fundamentally on its sub components). This book is intended for professionals, academics, and students in tissue and continuum biomechanics. Covers hyper elastic frameworks for large tissue deformations Considers which strain energy functions are the most appropriate to model the passive and active states of living tissue Evaluates the physical meaning of proposed energy functions

Biomechanical Analysis of Blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury Using Multiscale Brain Modeling

Biomechanical Analysis of Blast-induced Traumatic Brain Injury Using Multiscale Brain Modeling
  • Author : Mahdi Sotudeh Chafi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : OCLC:437257621
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Summary :

Multiscale Computer Modeling in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering

Multiscale Computer Modeling in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
  • Author : Amit Gefen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-08
  • Total pages :396
  • ISBN : 9783642364822
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Summary : This book reviews the state-of-the-art in multiscale computer modeling, in terms of both accomplishments and challenges. The information in the book is particularly useful for biomedical engineers, medical physicists and researchers in systems biology, mathematical biology, micro-biomechanics and biomaterials who are interested in how to bridge between traditional biomedical engineering work at the organ and tissue scales, and the newer arenas of cellular and molecular bioengineering.

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology

Multiscale Modeling in Biomechanics and Mechanobiology
  • Author : Suvranu De,Wonmuk Hwang,Ellen Kuhl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-10
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781447165996
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Summary : Presenting a state-of-the-art overview of theoretical and computational models that link characteristic biomechanical phenomena, this book provides guidelines and examples for creating multiscale models in representative systems and organisms. It develops the reader's understanding of and intuition for multiscale phenomena in biomechanics and mechanobiology, and introduces a mathematical framework and computational techniques paramount to creating predictive multiscale models. Biomechanics involves the study of the interactions of physical forces with biological systems at all scales – including molecular, cellular, tissue and organ scales. The emerging field of mechanobiology focuses on the way that cells produce and respond to mechanical forces – bridging the science of mechanics with the disciplines of genetics and molecular biology. Linking disparate spatial and temporal scales using computational techniques is emerging as a key concept in investigating some of the complex problems underlying these disciplines. Providing an invaluable field manual for graduate students and researchers of theoretical and computational modelling in biology, this book is also intended for readers interested in biomedical engineering, applied mechanics and mathematical biology.

Biomechanics of Cells and Tissues

Biomechanics of Cells and Tissues
  • Author : Paola Lecca
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-18
  • Total pages :168
  • ISBN : 9789400758902
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Summary : The application of methodological approaches and mathematical formalisms proper to Physics and Engineering to investigate and describe biological processes and design biological structures has led to the development of many disciplines in the context of computational biology and biotechnology. The best known applicative domain is tissue engineering and its branches. Recent domains of interest are in the field of biophysics, e.g.: multiscale mechanics of biological membranes and films and filaments; multiscale mechanics of adhesion; biomolecular motors and force generation. Modern hypotheses, models, and tools are currently emerging and resulting from the convergence of the methods and phylosophycal apporaches of the different research areas and disciplines. All these emerging approaches share the purpose of disentangling the complexity of organisms, tissues, and cells and mimiking the function of living systems. The contributions presented in this book are current research highlights of six challenging and representative applicative domains of phyisical, engineering, and computational approaches in medicine and biology, i.e tissue engineering, modelling of molecular structures, cell mechanics and cell adhesión processes, cancer physics, and physico-chemical processes of metabolic interactions. Each chapter presents a compendium or a review of the original results achieved by authors in the last years. Furthermore, the book also wants to pinpoint the questions that are still open and that could propel the future research.

Neurotrauma

Neurotrauma
  • Author : Kevin Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-05
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780190279431
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Summary : Neurotrauma: A Comprehensive Textbook on Traumatic Brain Injury and Spinal Cord Injury aims to bring together the latest clinical practice and research in the filed of two forms of trauma to the central nervous system: namely traumatic brain injury (TBI) and spinal cord injury (SCI). Nationally, more 1.9 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain injury annually. In parallel, there are an estimate of 12,000 new cases of SCI in the United States annually. In addition, approximately 1.2 million people live with paralysis due to SCI. In recent years, dramatic advancements in the field have resulted in much improved outcomes for patients and higher standards of care. This volume details the latest research and clinical practice in the treatment of neurotrauma, in a comprehensive but easy-to-follow format. Neurotrauma is a valuable resource for any clinician involved in caring for TBI and SCI patients, clinical research professionals, researchers, medical and graduate students, and nurse specialists.

Multiscale Cancer Modeling

Multiscale Cancer Modeling
  • Author : Thomas S. Deisboeck,Georgios S. Stamatakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-08
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 1439814422
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Summary : Cancer is a complex disease process that spans multiple scales in space and time. Driven by cutting-edge mathematical and computational techniques, in silico biology provides powerful tools to investigate the mechanistic relationships of genes, cells, and tissues. It enables the creation of experimentally testable hypotheses, the integration of data across scales, and the prediction of tumor progression and treatment outcome (in silico oncology). Drawing on an interdisciplinary group of distinguished international experts, Multiscale Cancer Modeling discusses the scientific and technical expertise necessary to conduct innovative cancer modeling research across scales. It presents contributions from some of the top in silico modeling groups in the United States and Europe. The ultimate goal of multiscale modeling and simulation approaches is their use in clinical practice, such as supporting patient-specific treatment optimization. This volume covers state-of-the-art methods of multiscale cancer modeling and addresses the field’s potential as well as future challenges. It encourages collaborations among researchers in various disciplines to achieve breakthroughs in cancer modeling.

Multiscale Modeling of the Skeletal System

Multiscale Modeling of the Skeletal System
  • Author : Marco Viceconti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 9780521769501
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Summary : Systematically working from the whole body down to cellular levels, this book presents a multiscale, integrative approach to skeletal research.

Biomechanics: Trends in Modeling and Simulation

Biomechanics: Trends in Modeling and Simulation
  • Author : Gerhard A. Holzapfel,Ray W. Ogden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-14
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9783319414751
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Summary : The book presents a state-of-the-art overview of biomechanical and mechanobiological modeling and simulation of soft biological tissues. Seven well-known scientists working in that particular field discuss topics such as biomolecules, networks and cells as well as failure, multi-scale, agent-based, bio-chemo-mechanical and finite element models appropriate for computational analysis. Applications include arteries, the heart, vascular stents and valve implants as well as adipose, brain, collagenous and engineered tissues. The mechanics of the whole cell and sub-cellular components as well as the extracellular matrix structure and mechanotransduction are described. In particular, the formation and remodeling of stress fibers, cytoskeletal contractility, cell adhesion and the mechanical regulation of fibroblast migration in healing myocardial infarcts are discussed. The essential ingredients of continuum mechanics are provided. Constitutive models of fiber-reinforced materials with an emphasis on arterial walls and the myocardium are discussed and the important influence of residual stresses on material response emphasized. The mechanics and function of the heart, the brain and adipose tissues are discussed as well. Particular attention is focused on microstructural and multi-scale modeling, finite element implementation and simulation of cells and tissues.

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 12

Tumors of the Central Nervous System, Volume 12
  • Author : M.A. Hayat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-12
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9789400772175
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Summary : As in the case of its eleven predecessors in the series Tumors of the Central Nervous System, this volume is distinguished for its thorough approach, its roster of 92 distinguished contributors representing 11 different countries and its detailed examination of leading-edge technology and methods. Volume 12: Molecular Mechanisms, Children’s Cancer, Treatments, and Radiosurgery offers a comprehensive review of the diagnosis, therapy and prognosis of brain and spinal cord tumors. Coverage extends to a large number of tumor types, including neuroblastoma, medulloblastoma, meningioma and chordoma. Molecular profiling of brain tumors to select appropriate therapy in clinical trials of brain tumors is discussed in detail, as is the classification/diagnosis of brain tumors based on function analysis. CDK6 as the molecular regulator of neuronal differentiation in the adult brain, and the role of aquaporins in human brain tumor growth are explained. Discussion also includes tumors affecting children, including neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma. A full chapter is devoted to the role of molecular genetic alterations in medulloblastoma, and another examines survival differences between children and adults with medulloblastoma. The use of various types of imaging methods to diagnose brain tumors is explained. In-depth discussion of treatment options includes stereotactic radiosurgery, endoscopic neurosurgery, electrochemotherapy, transsphenoidal surgery, focal ablation, whole brain radiation therapy and recraniotomy.

Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes

Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes
  • Author : Miguel Cerrolaza,Sandra Shefelbine,Diego Garzón-Alvarado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-17
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 9780128117194
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Summary : Numerical Methods and Advanced Simulation in Biomechanics and Biological Processes covers new and exciting modeling methods to help bioengineers tackle problems for which the Finite Element Method is not appropriate. The book covers a wide range of important subjects in the field of numerical methods applied to biomechanics, including bone biomechanics, tissue and cell mechanics, 3D printing, computer assisted surgery and fluid dynamics. Modeling strategies, technology and approaches are continuously evolving as the knowledge of biological processes increases. Both theory and applications are covered, making this an ideal book for researchers, students and R&D professionals. Provides non-conventional analysis methods for modeling Covers the Discrete Element Method (DEM), Particle Methods (PM), MessLess and MeshFree Methods (MLMF), Agent-Based Methods (ABM), Lattice-Boltzmann Methods (LBM) and Boundary Integral Methods (BIM) Includes contributions from several world renowned experts in their fields Compares pros and cons of each method to help you decide which method is most applicable to solving specific problems

Multiscale Modeling of Cancer

Multiscale Modeling of Cancer
  • Author : Vittorio Cristini,John Lowengrub
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-09
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139491501
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Summary : Mathematical modeling, analysis and simulation are set to play crucial roles in explaining tumor behavior, and the uncontrolled growth of cancer cells over multiple time and spatial scales. This book, the first to integrate state-of-the-art numerical techniques with experimental data, provides an in-depth assessment of tumor cell modeling at multiple scales. The first part of the text presents a detailed biological background with an examination of single-phase and multi-phase continuum tumor modeling, discrete cell modeling, and hybrid continuum-discrete modeling. In the final two chapters, the authors guide the reader through problem-based illustrations and case studies of brain and breast cancer, to demonstrate the future potential of modeling in cancer research. This book has wide interdisciplinary appeal and is a valuable resource for mathematical biologists, biomedical engineers and clinical cancer research communities wishing to understand this emerging field.

Biomedical Technology

Biomedical Technology
  • Author : Peter Wriggers,Thomas Lenarz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-29
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9783319595481
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Summary : This book provides an overview of new mathematical models, computational simulations and experimental tests in the field of biomedical technology, and covers a wide range of current research and challenges. The first part focuses on the virtual environment used to study biological systems at different scales and under multiphysics conditions. In turn, the second part is devoted to modeling and computational approaches in the field of cardiovascular medicine, e.g. simulation of turbulence in cardiovascular flow, modeling of artificial textile-reinforced heart valves, and new strategies for reducing the computational cost in the fluid-structure interaction modeling of hemodynamics. The book’s last three parts address experimental observations, numerical tests, computational simulations, and multiscale modeling approaches to dentistry, orthopedics and otology. Written by leading experts, the book reflects the remarkable advances that have been made in the field of medicine, the life sciences, engineering and computational mechanics over the past decade, and summarizes essential tools and methods (such as virtual prototyping of medical devices, advances in medical imaging, high-performance computing and new experimental test devices) to enhance medical decision-making processes and refine implant design. The contents build upon the International Conference on Biomedical Technology 2015 (ICTB 2015), the second ECCOMAS thematic conference on Biomedical Engineering, held in Hannover, Germany in October 2015.

Approximate Analytical Methods for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations

Approximate Analytical Methods for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations
  • Author : T.S.L Radhika,T. K.V. Iyengar,T. Raja Rani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-31
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781466588134
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Summary : Approximate Analytical Methods for Solving Ordinary Differential Equations (ODEs) is the first book to present all of the available approximate methods for solving ODEs, eliminating the need to wade through multiple books and articles. It covers both well-established techniques and recently developed procedures, including the classical series solution method, diverse perturbation methods, pioneering asymptotic methods, and the latest homotopy methods. The book is suitable not only for mathematicians and engineers but also for biologists, physicists, and economists. It gives a complete description of the methods without going deep into rigorous mathematical aspects. Detailed examples illustrate the application of the methods to solve real-world problems. The authors introduce the classical power series method for solving differential equations before moving on to asymptotic methods. They next show how perturbation methods are used to understand physical phenomena whose mathematical formulation involves a perturbation parameter and explain how the multiple-scale technique solves problems whose solution cannot be completely described on a single timescale. They then describe the Wentzel, Kramers, and Brillown (WKB) method that helps solve both problems that oscillate rapidly and problems that have a sudden change in the behavior of the solution function at a point in the interval. The book concludes with recent nonperturbation methods that provide solutions to a much wider class of problems and recent analytical methods based on the concept of homotopy of topology.

Information Processing in Medical Imaging

Information Processing in Medical Imaging
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015049127650
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Summary :

Index Medicus

Index Medicus
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OSU:32436011091103
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Summary :

Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury
  • Author : Jordan Grafman,Andres M. Salazar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-19
  • Total pages :490
  • ISBN : 9780444634986
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Summary : The Handbook of Clinical Neurology volume on traumatic brain injury (TBI) provides the reader with an updated review of emerging approaches to traumatic brain injury (TBI) research, clinical management and rehabilitation of the traumatic brain injury patient. Chapters in this volume range from epidemiology and pathological mechanisms of injury, and neuroprotection to long-term outcomes with a strong emphasis on current neurobiological approaches to describing the consequences and mechanisms of recovery from TBI. The book presents contemporary investigations on blast injury and chronic traumatic encephalopathy, making this state-of-the-art volume a must have for clinicians and researchers concerned with the clinical management, or investigation, of TBI. Internationally renowned scientists describe cutting edge research on the neurobiological response to traumatic brain injury, including descriptions of potential biomarkers and indicators of potential targets for treatments to reduce the impact of the injury Explores cellular and molecular mechanisms as well as genetic predictors of outcome Offers coverage of various diagnostic tools – CT, MRI, DDTI, fMRI, EEG, resting functional imaging, and more State-of-the-art traumatic brain injury management and treatment principles are presented for both civilian and military care