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Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications

Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications
  • Author : Arnab Chakrabarty,Sam Mannan,Tahir Cagin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-29
  • Total pages :444
  • ISBN : 9780123972835
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Summary : Multiscale Modeling for Process Safety Applications is a new reference demonstrating the implementation of multiscale modeling techniques on process safety applications. It is a valuable resource for readers interested in theoretical simulations and/or computer simulations of hazardous scenarios. As multi-scale modeling is a computational technique for solving problems involving multiple scales, such as how a flammable vapor cloud might behave if ignited, this book provides information on the fundamental topics of toxic, fire, and air explosion modeling, as well as modeling jet and pool fires using computational fluid dynamics. The book goes on to cover nanomaterial toxicity, QPSR analysis on relation of chemical structure to flash point, molecular structure and burning velocity, first principle studies of reactive chemicals, water and air reactive chemicals, and dust explosions. Chemical and process safety professionals, as well as faculty and graduate researchers, will benefit from the detailed coverage provided in this book. Provides the only comprehensive source addressing the use of multiscale modeling in the context of process safety Bridges multiscale modeling with process safety, enabling the reader to understand mapping between problem detail and effective usage of resources Presents an overall picture of addressing safety problems in all levels of modeling and the latest approaches to each in the field Features worked out examples, case studies, and a question bank to aid understanding and involvement for the reader

Computational Fluid Dynamics

Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Adela Ionescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-14
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9789535137900
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Summary : This book is the result of a careful selection of contributors in the field of CFD. It is divided into three sections according to the purpose and approaches used in the development of the contributions. The first section describes the "high-performance computing" (HPC) tools and their impact on CFD modeling. The second section is dedicated to "CFD models for local and large-scale industrial phenomena." Two types of approaches are basically contained here: one concerns the adaptation from global to local scale, - e.g., the applications of CFD to study the climate changes and the adaptations to local scale. The second approach, very challenging, is the multiscale analysis. The third section is devoted to "CFD in numerical modeling approach for experimental cases." Its chapters emphasize on the numerical approach of the mathematical models associated to few experimental (industrial) cases. Here, the impact and the importance of the mathematical modeling in CFD are focused on. It is expected that the collection of these chapters will enrich the state of the art in the CFD domain and its applications in a lot of fields. This collection proves that CFD is a highly interdisciplinary research area, which lies at the interface of physics, engineering, applied mathematics, and computer science.

Fault Detection, Diagnosis and Prognosis

Fault Detection, Diagnosis and Prognosis
  • Author : Fausto Pedro García Márquez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-05
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781789842135
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Summary : This book presents the main concepts, state of the art, advances, and case studies of fault detection, diagnosis, and prognosis. This topic is a critical variable in industry to reach and maintain competitiveness. Therefore, proper management of the corrective, predictive, and preventive politics in any industry is required. This book complements other subdisciplines such as economics, finance, marketing, decision and risk analysis, engineering, etc. The book presents real case studies in multiple disciplines. It considers the main topics using prognostic and subdiscipline techniques. It is essential to link these topics with the areas of finance, scheduling, resources, downtime, etc. to increase productivity, profitability, maintainability, reliability, safety, and availability, and reduce costs and downtime. Advances in mathematics, modeling, computational techniques, dynamic analysis, etc. are employed analytically. Computational techniques, dynamic analysis, probabilistic methods, and mathematical optimization techniques are expertly blended to support the analysis of prognostic problems with defined constraints and requirements. The book is intended for graduate students and professionals in industrial engineering, business administration, industrial organization, operations management, applied microeconomics, and the decisions sciences, either studying maintenance or needing to solve large, specific, and complex maintenance management problems as part of their jobs. The work will also be of interest to researches from academia.

Electronic Enclosures, Housings and Packages

Electronic Enclosures, Housings and Packages
  • Author : Frank Suli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :562
  • ISBN : 9780081023914
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Summary : Electronic Enclosures, Housings and Packages considers the problem of heat management for electronics from an encasement perspective. It addresses enclosures and their applications for industrial electronics, as well as LED lighting solutions for stationary and mobile markets. The book introduces fundamental concepts and defines dimensions of success in electrical enclosures. Other chapters discuss environmental considerations, shielding, standardization, materials selection, thermal management, product design principles, manufacturing techniques and sustainability. Final chapters focus on business fundamentals by outlining successful technical propositions and potential future directions. Introduces the concepts of materials recycling and sustainability to electronic enclosures Provides thorough coverage of all technical aspects relating to the design and manufacturing of electronic packaging Includes practical information on environmental considerations, shielding, standardization, materials selection, and more

Impact of Nanoscience in the Food Industry

Impact of Nanoscience in the Food Industry
  • Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu,Alina Maria Holban
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-20
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128114933
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Summary : The Impact of Nanoscience in the Food Industry, Volume 12 in The Handbook of Food Bioengineering series, explores how nanoscience applications in food engineering offer an alternative to satisfying current food needs that cannot be fulfilled by natural products. Nanotechnology enables the development of tailored food ingredients and structures to replace products that are difficult to obtain. The book discusses how specialized nano-preservatives, sensors and food degradation and contamination detectors were developed and how they can be introduced in food products without degrading quality or properties of the final product. A valuable resource for food engineering researchers and students alike. Identifies common nanomaterials used in food preservation and food packaging Provides industrial applications to increase food production Describes analytical methods for assessing food safety Identifies how nanoscience advances allow for new developments in functional foods and nutraceuticals Discusses safety concerns, regulations and restricted use of nanomaterials in food bioengineering

Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling

Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling
  • Author : Young W. Kwon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-05
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 9781498782524
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Summary : Written to appeal to a wide field of engineers and scientists who work on multiscale and multiphysics analysis, Multiphysics and Multiscale Modeling: Techniques and Applications is dedicated to the many computational techniques and methods used to develop man-made systems as well as understand living systems that exist in nature. Presenting a body

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

21st European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-10
  • Total pages :2082
  • ISBN : 9780444538963
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Summary : The European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE) series presents the latest innovations and achievements of leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The ESCAPE series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students to present and discuss progress being made in the area of computer aided process engineering (CAPE). European industries large and small are bringing innovations into our lives, whether in the form of new technologies to address environmental problems, new products to make our homes more comfortable and energy efficient or new therapies to improve the health and well being of European citizens. Moreover, the European Industry needs to undertake research and technological initiatives in response to humanity's "Grand Challenges," described in the declaration of Lund, namely, Global Warming, Tightening Supplies of Energy, Water and Food, Ageing Societies, Public Health, Pandemics and Security. Thus, the Technical Theme of ESCAPE 21 will be "Process Systems Approaches for Addressing Grand Challenges in Energy, Environment, Health, Bioprocessing & Nanotechnologies."

Multiscale Cancer Modeling

Multiscale Cancer Modeling
  • Author : Thomas S. Deisboeck,Georgios S. Stamatakos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-08
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 1439814422
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Summary : Cancer is a complex disease process that spans multiple scales in space and time. Driven by cutting-edge mathematical and computational techniques, in silico biology provides powerful tools to investigate the mechanistic relationships of genes, cells, and tissues. It enables the creation of experimentally testable hypotheses, the integration of data across scales, and the prediction of tumor progression and treatment outcome (in silico oncology). Drawing on an interdisciplinary group of distinguished international experts, Multiscale Cancer Modeling discusses the scientific and technical expertise necessary to conduct innovative cancer modeling research across scales. It presents contributions from some of the top in silico modeling groups in the United States and Europe. The ultimate goal of multiscale modeling and simulation approaches is their use in clinical practice, such as supporting patient-specific treatment optimization. This volume covers state-of-the-art methods of multiscale cancer modeling and addresses the field’s potential as well as future challenges. It encourages collaborations among researchers in various disciplines to achieve breakthroughs in cancer modeling.

Multiscale Modeling and Estimation of Poisson Processes with Applications to Emission Computed Tomography

Multiscale Modeling and Estimation of Poisson Processes with Applications to Emission Computed Tomography
  • Author : Klaus Edmond Timmermann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : MSU:31293020944330
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Summary :

Multiscale Modeling of Pedestrian Dynamics

Multiscale Modeling of Pedestrian Dynamics
  • Author : Emiliano Cristiani,Benedetto Piccoli,Andrea Tosin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-12
  • Total pages :262
  • ISBN : 9783319066202
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Summary : This book presents mathematical models and numerical simulations of crowd dynamics. The core topic is the development of a new multiscale paradigm, which bridges the microscopic and macroscopic scales taking the most from each of them for capturing the relevant clues of complexity of crowds. The background idea is indeed that most of the complex trends exhibited by crowds are due to an intrinsic interplay between individual and collective behaviors. The modeling approach promoted in this book pursues actively this intuition and profits from it for designing general mathematical structures susceptible of application also in fields different from the inspiring original one. The book considers also the two most traditional points of view: the microscopic one, in which pedestrians are tracked individually and the macroscopic one, in which pedestrians are assimilated to a continuum. Selected existing models are critically analyzed. The work is addressed to researchers and graduate students.

Lees' Process Safety Essentials

Lees' Process Safety Essentials
  • Author : Sam Mannan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-12
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9780080962306
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Summary : Lees' Process Safety Essentials is a single-volume digest presenting the critical, practical content from Lees' Loss Prevention for day-to-day use and reference. It is portable, authoritative, affordable, and accessible — ideal for those on the move, students, and individuals without access to the full three volumes of Lees'. This book provides a convenient summary of the main content of Lees', primarily drawn from the hazard identification, assessment, and control content of volumes one and two. Users can access Essentials for day-to-day reference on topics including plant location and layout; human factors and human error; fire, explosion and toxic release; engineering for sustainable development; and much more. This handy volume is a valuable reference, both for students or early-career professionals who may not need the full scope of Lees', and for more experienced professionals needing quick, convenient access to information. Boils down the essence of Lees'—the process safety encyclopedia trusted worldwide for over 30 years Provides safety professionals with the core information they need to understand the most common safety and loss prevention challenges Covers the latest standards and presents information, including recent incidents such as Texas City and Buncefield

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Composite Materials and Structures

Multiscale Modeling and Simulation of Composite Materials and Structures
  • Author : Young Kwon,David H. Allen,Ramesh R. Talreja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-04
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 0387363181
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Summary : This book presents the state-of-the-art in multiscale modeling and simulation techniques for composite materials and structures. It focuses on the structural and functional properties of engineering composites and the sustainable high performance of components and structures. The multiscale techniques can be also applied to nanocomposites which are important application areas in nanotechnology. There are few books available on this topic.

Computational Materials Engineering

Computational Materials Engineering
  • Author : Maciej Pietrzyk,Lukasz Madej,Lukasz Rauch,Danuta Szeliga
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-14
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780124167247
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Summary : Computational Materials Engineering: Achieving High Accuracy and Efficiency in Metals Processing Simulations describes the most common computer modeling and simulation techniques used in metals processing, from so-called "fast" models to more advanced multiscale models, also evaluating possible methods for improving computational accuracy and efficiency. Beginning with a discussion of conventional fast models like internal variable models for flow stress and microstructure evolution, the book moves on to advanced multiscale models, such as the CAFÉ method, which give insights into the phenomena occurring in materials in lower dimensional scales. The book then delves into the various methods that have been developed to deal with problems, including long computing times, lack of proof of the uniqueness of the solution, difficulties with convergence of numerical procedures, local minima in the objective function, and ill-posed problems. It then concludes with suggestions on how to improve accuracy and efficiency in computational materials modeling, and a best practices guide for selecting the best model for a particular application. Presents the numerical approaches for high-accuracy calculations Provides researchers with essential information on the methods capable of exact representation of microstructure morphology Helpful to those working on model classification, computing costs, heterogeneous hardware, modeling efficiency, numerical algorithms, metamodeling, sensitivity analysis, inverse method, clusters, heterogeneous architectures, grid environments, finite element, flow stress, internal variable method, microstructure evolution, and more Discusses several techniques to overcome modeling and simulation limitations, including distributed computing methods, (hyper) reduced-order-modeling techniques, regularization, statistical representation of material microstructure, and the Gaussian process Covers both software and hardware capabilities in the area of improved computer efficiency and reduction of computing time

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012

11th International Symposium on Process Systems Engineering - PSE2012
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780444595058
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Summary :

Product and Process Modelling

Product and Process Modelling
  • Author : I. T. Cameron,Rafiqul Gani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9780444531612
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Summary : This book covers the area of product and process modelling via a case study approach. It addresses a wide range of modelling applications with emphasis on modelling methodology and the subsequent in-depth analysis of mathematical models to gain insight via structural aspects of the models. These approaches are put into the context of life cycle modelling, where multiscale and multiform modelling is increasingly prevalent in the 21st century. The book commences with a discussion of modern product and process modelling theory and practice followed by a series of case studies drawn from a variety of process industries. The book builds on the extensive modelling experience of the authors, who have developed models for both research and industrial purposes. It complements existing books by the authors in the modelling area. Those areas include the traditional petroleum and petrochemical industries to biotechnology applications, food, polymer and human health application areas. The book highlights to important nature of modern product and process modelling in the decision making processes across the life cycle. As such it provides an important resource for students, researchers and industrial practitioners. Ian Cameron is Professor in Chemical Engineering at the University of Queensland with teaching, research, and consulting activities in process systems engineering. He has a particular interest in process modelling, dynamic simulation, and the application of functional systems perspectives to risk management, having extensive industrial experience in these areas. He continues to work closely with industry and government on systems approaches to process and risk management issues. He received his BE from the University of New South Wales (Australia) and his PhD from imperial College London. He is a Fellow of IChemE. Rafiqul Gani is a Professor of Systems Design at the Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, and the director of the Computer Aided Product-Process Engineering Center (CAPEC). His research interests include the development of computer-aided methods and tools for modelling, property estimation and process-product synthesis and design. He received his BSc from Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology in 1975, and his MSc in 1976 and PhD in 1980 from Imperial College London. He is the editor-in-chief of Computers and Chemical Engineering journal and Fellow of IChemE as well as AIChE. Product and process modelling; a wide range of case studies are covered Structural analysis of model systems; insights into structure and solvability Analysis of future developments; potential directions and significant research and development problems to be addressed

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods

Crystal Plasticity Finite Element Methods
  • Author : Franz Roters,Philip Eisenlohr,Thomas R. Bieler,Dierk Raabe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-04
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9783527642090
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Summary : Written by the leading experts in computational materials science, this handy reference concisely reviews the most important aspects of plasticity modeling: constitutive laws, phase transformations, texture methods, continuum approaches and damage mechanisms. As a result, it provides the knowledge needed to avoid failures in critical systems udner mechanical load. With its various application examples to micro- and macrostructure mechanics, this is an invaluable resource for mechanical engineers as well as for researchers wanting to improve on this method and extend its outreach.

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling

Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling
  • Author : Yan Wang,David L. McDowell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-12
  • Total pages :900
  • ISBN : 9780081029411
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Summary : Uncertainty Quantification in Multiscale Materials Modeling provides a complete overview of uncertainty quantification (UQ) in computational materials science. It provides practical tools and methods along with examples of their application to problems in materials modeling. UQ methods are applied to various multiscale models ranging from the nanoscale to macroscale. This book presents a thorough synthesis of the state-of-the-art in UQ methods for materials modeling, including Bayesian inference, surrogate modeling, random fields, interval analysis, and sensitivity analysis, providing insight into the unique characteristics of models framed at each scale, as well as common issues in modeling across scales.

Modeling Materials

Modeling Materials
  • Author : Ellad B. Tadmor,Ronald E. Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-11-24
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781139500654
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Summary : Material properties emerge from phenomena on scales ranging from Angstroms to millimeters, and only a multiscale treatment can provide a complete understanding. Materials researchers must therefore understand fundamental concepts and techniques from different fields, and these are presented in a comprehensive and integrated fashion for the first time in this book. Incorporating continuum mechanics, quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, atomistic simulations and multiscale techniques, the book explains many of the key theoretical ideas behind multiscale modeling. Classical topics are blended with new techniques to demonstrate the connections between different fields and highlight current research trends. Example applications drawn from modern research on the thermo-mechanical properties of crystalline solids are used as a unifying focus throughout the text. Together with its companion book, Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics (Cambridge University Press, 2011), this work presents the complete fundamentals of materials modeling for graduate students and researchers in physics, materials science, chemistry and engineering.

Advances in Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Couplings in Geo-Environmental Mechanics

Advances in Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Couplings in Geo-Environmental Mechanics
  • Author : Francois Nicot,Olivier Millet
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-20
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9780081025963
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Summary : Advances in Multi-Physics and Multi-Scale Couplings in Geo-Environmental Mechanics reunites some of the most recent work from the French research group MeGe GDR (National Research Group on Multiscale and Multiphysics Couplings in Geo-Environmental Mechanics) on the theme of multi-scale and multi-physics modeling of geomaterials, with a special focus on micromechanical aspects. Its offers readers a glimpse into the current state of scientific knowledge in the field, together with the most up-to-date tools and methods of analysis available. Each chapter represents a study with a different viewpoint, alternating between phenomenological/micro-mechanically enriched and purely micromechanical approaches. Throughout the book, contributing authors will highlight advances in geomaterials modeling, while also pointing out practical implications for engineers. Topics discussed include multi-scale modeling of cohesive-less geomaterials, including multi-physical processes, but also the effects of particle breakage, large deformations on the response of the material at the specimen scale and concrete materials, together with clays as cohesive geomaterials. The book concludes by looking at some engineering problems involving larger scales. Identifies contributions in the field of geomechanics Focuses on multi-scale linkages at small scales Presents numerical simulations by discrete elements and tools of homogenization or change of scale

The Oxford Handbook of Applied Bayesian Analysis

The Oxford Handbook of Applied Bayesian Analysis
  • Author : Anthony O' Hagan,Mike West
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-18
  • Total pages :924
  • ISBN : 9780191613890
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Summary : Bayesian analysis has developed rapidly in applications in the last two decades and research in Bayesian methods remains dynamic and fast-growing. Dramatic advances in modelling concepts and computational technologies now enable routine application of Bayesian analysis using increasingly realistic stochastic models, and this drives the adoption of Bayesian approaches in many areas of science, technology, commerce, and industry. This Handbook explores contemporary Bayesian analysis across a variety of application areas. Chapters written by leading exponents of applied Bayesian analysis showcase the scientific ease and natural application of Bayesian modelling, and present solutions to real, engaging, societally important and demanding problems. The chapters are grouped into five general areas: Biomedical & Health Sciences; Industry, Economics & Finance; Environment & Ecology; Policy, Political & Social Sciences; and Natural & Engineering Sciences, and Appendix material in each touches on key concepts, models, and techniques of the chapter that are also of broader pedagogic and applied interest.

Cellular Potts Models

Cellular Potts Models
  • Author : Marco Scianna,Luigi Preziosi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-26
  • Total pages :301
  • ISBN : 9781466514799
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Summary : A flexible, cell-level, and lattice-based technique, the cellular Potts model accurately describes the phenomenological mechanisms involved in many biological processes. Cellular Potts Models: Multiscale Extensions and Biological Applications gives an interdisciplinary, accessible treatment of these models, from the original methodologies to the latest developments. The book first explains the biophysical bases, main merits, and limitations of the cellular Potts model. It then proposes several innovative extensions, focusing on ways to integrate and interface the basic cellular Potts model at the mesoscopic scale with approaches that accurately model microscopic dynamics. These extensions are designed to create a nested and hybrid environment, where the evolution of a biological system is realistically driven by the constant interplay and flux of information between the different levels of description. Through several biological examples, the authors demonstrate a qualitative and quantitative agreement with the relative experimental data. The cellular Potts model is increasingly being used for the mathematical modeling of a wide range of biological phenomena, including wound healing, tumor growth, and cancer cell migration. This book shows how the cellular Potts model can be used as a framework for model building and how extended models can achieve even better biological practicality, accuracy, and predictive power.