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Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Institute of Medicine,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-05-24
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0309132991
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Summary : Every year workers' low-back, hand, and arm problems lead to time away from jobs and reduce the nation's economic productivity. The connection of these problems to workplace activities-from carrying boxes to lifting patients to pounding computer keyboards-is the subject of major disagreements among workers, employers, advocacy groups, and researchers. Musculoskeletal Disorders and the Workplace examines the scientific basis for connecting musculoskeletal disorders with the workplace, considering people, job tasks, and work environments. A multidisciplinary panel draws conclusions about the likelihood of causal links and the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. The panel also offers recommendations for what actions can be considered on the basis of current information and for closing information gaps. This book presents the latest information on the prevalence, incidence, and costs of musculoskeletal disorders and identifies factors that influence injury reporting. It reviews the broad scope of evidence: epidemiological studies of physical and psychosocial variables, basic biology, biomechanics, and physical and behavioral responses to stress. Given the magnitude of the problem-approximately 1 million people miss some work each year-and the current trends in workplace practices, this volume will be a must for advocates for workplace health, policy makers, employers, employees, medical professionals, engineers, lawyers, and labor officials.

Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace

Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Workplace
  • Author : Margareta Nordin,Malcolm Henry Pope,Gunnar Andersson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069115544
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Summary : Covers both the theoretical background and the clinical managementas well as the biomechanics and ergonomicsof orthopedic injuries occurring in the workplace.

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace

Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) in the Workplace
  • Author : Richard Graveling
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 1138336076
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Summary : Whether you call them work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), cumulative trauma disorders (CTDS), or occupational overuse syndromes (OOSs), these conditions are a cause of pain, disability and suffering to workers worldwide. These designations often imply that their causes are related to work, but the supporting evidence can be unclear. Transparency is important, especially when it is necessary to form a connection with work factors to obtain treatment or compensation. This book addresses the dilemma. Written by a professional ergonomist with almost 40 years of experience in workplace ergonomics, this book combines a critical summary and assessment of the epidemiological literature with an exploration of the scientific and medical evidence for possible causal mechanisms to develop well-informed conclusions on causation of a number of common musculoskeletal disorders of the upper limb and intervertebral disc injury. Although much of the book focuses on physical factors, the role of psychosocial factors is increasingly being recognized and an additional chapter reviews a number of the current theories relating to this important issue. Features Focuses on a clear and authoritative account of the evidence for the role of work in the causation of commonly occurring ULDs and disc injury Provides an up-to-date compilation of the scientific evidence, devoid of views based on assumptions or prejudice Presents a clear explanation of the most likely causal mechanisms for common ULDs and disc injuries Includes a summary of theories concerning the role played by psychosocial factors Outlines the statistical evidence in a clear and understandable manner Bridges the gap between the evidence-base in the scientific and medical research literature and the practitioner

Anatomy, Posture, Prevalence, Pain, Treatment and Interventions of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Anatomy, Posture, Prevalence, Pain, Treatment and Interventions of Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : Orhan Korhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-23
  • Total pages :128
  • ISBN : 9781789231984
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Summary : Musculoskeletal disorders are defined as disorders that affect a part of the body's musculoskeletal system, which includes bones, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, blood vessels, and spinal disks. These are the injuries that result from repeated motions, vibrations, and forces placed on human bodies while performing various job actions. They are extremely common and costly problems for people and companies. Thus, this book is designed to include a wide array of extensive and comprehensive discussions provided on occupational, educational, and medical aspects of ergonomics. Thus, it can be utilized as a guide to identify and analyze the risk factors, reveal the impact of prevention and intervention, and discuss treatment of musculoskeletal disorders.

Handbook of Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability Disorders in the Workplace

Handbook of Musculoskeletal Pain and Disability Disorders in the Workplace
  • Author : Robert J. Gatchel,Izabela Z. Schultz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-08
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 9781493906123
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Summary : This book addresses the complexity of preventing, diagnosing, and treating musculoskeletal pain and disability disorders in the workplace. Divided evenly between common occupational pain disorders, conceptual and methodological issues, and evidence-based intervention methods, this comprehensive reference presents current findings on prevalence, causation, and physical and psychological aspects common to these disorders. Attention is given to working-world concerns, including insurance and compensation issues and AMA guidelines for disability evaluations. Also, specialized chapters offer lenses for understanding and administering the best approaches for treating specific pain disorders, and explore what workplaces can do to accommodate affected employees and prevent injuries from occurring in the first place.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Wmsds

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Wmsds
  • Author : I Kourinkaetal,Mats Hagberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :421
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924073976056
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Summary : Work-related musculoskeletal disorders, or WMSDs, have become a major problem in many industrialized countries. It was previously thought that the number of repetitive jobs would decline in the future, which would have led to a decline in the number of WMSDs: however this has not been the case. Some government agencies expect WMSDs to be one of the major work-related disorders of the late 20th early 21st centuries.; WMSDs have the face of Janus; on one hand they are diseases like any other, having their natural history, diagnostic criteria and therapy. On the other hand, having been designated work-related, they have become the subject of special legislation and compensation. This has an influence on how they are understood and how companies and labour react to them.; This book contains evaluated scientific information that should help prevent WMSDs. It is derived from original research and field experience via a Canadian Government sponsored project on work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The team was headed by Ilkka Kuorinka, past President of the IEA, and consisted of a group of international experts in the field. The expert group's goal was two fold: the first objective was to examine the work-relatedness of WMSDs in the light of existing literature, and the second was to explore and systhesize information, avenues and approaches that could help in the prevention of WMSDs. The content of this book is the result of a collective effort by everyone, experts and scientific editors alike; each chapter has had one or two main authors. Its central themes are identification, evaluation, action, implementation, and change.

Occupational Ergonomics: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Limb and Back

Occupational Ergonomics: Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders of the Upper Limb and Back
  • Author : Francesco Violante,Asa Kilbom
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-12-14
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9781280406034
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Summary : A collection of lectures from renowned international experts from the 1999 International Course for the Advanced Training in Occupational Health. Deals with work-related musculoskeletal disorders.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : Steering Committee for the Workshop on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Research Base,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-03-25
  • Total pages :199
  • ISBN : 9780309539203
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Summary : Estimated costs associated with lost days and compensation claims related to musculoskeletal disorders-including back pains and repetitive motion injuries-range from $13 billion to $20 billion annually. This is a serious national problem that has spurred considerable debate about the causal links between such disorders and risk factors in the workplace. This book presents a preliminary assessment of what is known about the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and what may cause them. It includes papers and a workshop summary of findings from orthopedic surgery, public health, occupational medicine, epidemiology, risk analysis, ergonomics, and human factors. Topics covered include the biological responses of tissues to stress, the biomechanics of work stressors, the epidemiology of physical work factors, and the contributions of individual, recreational, and social factors to such disorders. The book also considers the relative success of various workplace interventions for prevention and rehabilitation.

Biomechanics in Ergonomics

Biomechanics in Ergonomics
  • Author : Shrawan Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-07
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 9780849379093
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Summary : Safety or comfort? Can you truly have one without the other? Is it feasible to have both? Although by no means the only factor, a deep understanding of biomechanics plays a leading role in the design of work and workplaces that are both pain and injury free. Standing firmly on the foundation built by the previous edition, the second edition of Biom

Beyond Biomechanics

Beyond Biomechanics
  • Author : Steve Sauter,S D Moon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-12
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780203974629
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Summary : There is now widespread recognition that psychosocial factors play a key role in the aetiology, perpetuation, management and prevention of cumulative trauma disorders CTDs. This text addresses the strength, direction and importance of links between psychosocial factors and CTDs.; The book's contributors examine critically current research data, identify potential link mechanisms, and recommend measures for control and prevention. Topics covered include socio-organizational psychology, medical anthropology, occupational medicine, rehabilitation, orthopaedics, job stress and ergonomic interventions. The book aims to demystify the concept of the "psychosocial", so as to promote and assure effective prevention in the workplace.

Work-related Neck and Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorders

Work-related Neck and Upper Limb Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : Peter Buckle,Agence européenne pour la sécurité et la santé au travail,Jason Devereux,European Agency for Safety and Health at Work
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : UVA:X004361805
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Summary :

Cumulative Trauma Disorders in the Workplace

Cumulative Trauma Disorders in the Workplace
  • Author : DIANE Publishing Company
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-09-01
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9780788133794
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Summary : Provides a compilation of materials describing research conducted by NIOSH on CTD's in the workplace. The best known occupational CTD is carpal tunnel syndrome, which is caused by compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel of the wrist. This bibliography includes complete or partial copies of NIOSH and non-NIOSH references on CTD. Also contains a comprehensive bibliography of NIOSH documents on CTD as well as a brief listing of non-NIOSH references (journal articles, book chapters, testimony, grant and contract reports, and more).

Ergonomics and the Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders

Ergonomics and the Management of Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : Martha J. Sanders
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 0750674091
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Summary : This comprehensive resource provides a strong medical, ergonomic, and industrial foundation for understanding and managing musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in business and industry. Addressing multiple perspectives - including the individual worker, insurance companies, regulatory agencies, industry, and the medical community, this practical text provides an integrated approach to understanding and management of these conditions. Well-referenced and highly organized, it follows a logical progression that moves from presenting a broad background on the historical and present day phenomena of MSDs, to explanation of the multiple risk factors involved with MSDs, including physiologic, biomechanical, and psychosocial factors. A strong physiologic, biomechanical, and psychological basis for understanding work-related MSDs is provided. A thorough review of medical conditions associated with work-related MSDs is included because they directly affect analysis, assessment, and treatment of MSDs. Actual work-related MSD programs for high-risk industries and populations are presented. A sophisticated outcome assessment model for work-related MSDs provides a practical approach for therapists to use when assessing patients. Content is well organized, beginning with a discussion of the various professional perspectives of those involved with treating work-related MSDs, then addressing the medical diagnosis and treatment, the ergonomic analysis and intervention, and cost-benefit analyses. Extensive referencing throughout provides an evidence-based approach for analysis and treatment of work-related MSDs. A comprehensive discussion is included on the risk factors that contribute to work-related MSDs. A panel of highly recognizable contributors provides expertise so readers can get first hand knowledge from the pros. Content covers home and leisure as well as work-related MSDs to help readers understand how to treat special situations, such as geriatrics, children, and the home. The structure of the book is set up in a logical and easy-to-read manner that offers a client-centered approach as well as a systems perspective on the management of MSDs using a variety of modalities. Each chapter has been completely updated with extensive references to the history of work, latest research on biomechanical and psychosocial risk factors for MSDs, latest ergonomic assessment tools (including EMGs), treatment of MSDs, and regulatory information. Several groundbreaking chapters have been added - The Expanded Definition of Ergonomics, Joint-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders, Ergonomics of Caring for Children, Ergonomics in the Home, and Management of the Older Worker.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Steering Committee for the Workshop on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Research Base
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-03-11
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0309173248
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Summary : Estimated costs associated with lost days and compensation claims related to musculoskeletal disorders-including back pains and repetitive motion injuries-range from $13 billion to $20 billion annually. This is a serious national problem that has spurred considerable debate about the causal links between such disorders and risk factors in the workplace. This book presents a preliminary assessment of what is known about the relationship between musculoskeletal disorders and what may cause them. It includes papers and a workshop summary of findings from orthopedic surgery, public health, occupational medicine, epidemiology, risk analysis, ergonomics, and human factors. Topics covered include the biological responses of tissues to stress, the biomechanics of work stressors, the epidemiology of physical work factors, and the contributions of individual, recreational, and social factors to such disorders. The book also considers the relative success of various workplace interventions for prevention and rehabilitation.

Occupational Health

Occupational Health
  • Author : Orhan Korhan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-01
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9789535128892
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Summary : Occupational Health deals with all aspects of health and safety in the workplace and has a strong focus on primary prevention of hazards. A wide array of workplace hazards presents risks to the health and safety of people at work, which include physical factors, adverse ergonomic conditions, chemicals, biological agents, allergens, and a complex network of safety risks. This book covers topics from health and safety management, occupational medicine, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, and occupational protection. Thus, it can be utilized as a guide to identify and analyze hazards, assess risk, apply risk reduction strategies, and manage process safety for various occupations.

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders

Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Author : National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Human-Systems Integration,Committee on Human Factors,Steering Committee for the Workshop on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: The Research Base
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-10-15
  • Total pages :42
  • ISBN : 0309173604
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Summary : In May 1998 the National Institutes of Health asked the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council to assemble a group of experts to examine the scientific literature relevant to work-related musculoskeletal disorders of the lower back, neck, and upper extremities. A steering committee was convened to design a workshop, to identify leading researchers on the topic to participate, and to prepare a report based on the workshop discussions and their own expertise. In addition, the steering committee was asked to address, to the extent possible, a set of seven questions posed by Congressman Robert Livingston on the topic of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. The steering committee includes experts in orthopedic surgery, occupational medicine, epidemiology, ergonomics, human factors, statistics, and risk analysis. This document is based on the evidence presented and discussed at the two-day Workshop on Work-Related Musculoskeletal Injuries: Examining the Research Base, which was held on August 21 and 22, 1998, and on follow-up deliberations of the steering committee, reflecting its own expertise.

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Safety

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Safety
  • Author : Tareq Z. Ahram,Waldemar Karwowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-10
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9781439870389
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Summary : Based on recent research, this book discusses physical ergonomics, which is concerned with human anatomical, anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Topics include working postures, materials handling, repetitive movements, work-related musculoskeletal disorders, workplace layout, safety, and health.

Occupational Ergonomics

Occupational Ergonomics
  • Author : Waldemar Karwowski,William S. Marras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-26
  • Total pages :680
  • ISBN : 0203507932
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Summary : Occupational Ergonomics: Engineering and Administrative Controls focuses on prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders with an emphasis on engineering and administrative controls. Section I provides knowledge about risk factors for upper and lower extremities at work, while Section II concentrates on risk factors for work-related low back disorders. Section III discusses fundamentals of surveillance of musculoskeletal disorders, requirements for surveillance database systems, OSHA Record keeping system, and surveillance methods based on the assessment of body discomfort. Section IV focuses on medical management of work-related musculoskeletal disorders, including programs for post-injury management, testing of physical ability for employment decisions, assessment of worker strength and other functional capacities, and applications of ergonomics knowledge in rehabilitation.

Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness

Handbook of Occupational Health and Wellness
  • Author : Robert J. Gatchel,Izabela Z. Schultz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-21
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781461448396
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Summary : This book integrates the growing clinical research evidence related to the emerging transdisciplinary field of occupational health and wellness. It includes a wide range of important topics, ranging from current conceptual approaches to health and wellness in the workplace, to common problems in the workplace such as presenteeism/abstenteeism, common illnesses, job-related burnout, to prevention and intervention methods. It consists of five major parts. Part I, “Introduction and Overviews,” provides an overview and critical evaluation of the emerging conceptual models that are currently driving the clinical research and practices in the field. This serves as the initial platform to help better understand the subsequent topics to be discussed. Part II, “Major Occupational Symptoms and Disorders,” exposes the reader to the types of critical occupational health risks that have been well documented, as well as the financial and productivity losses associated with them. In Part III, “Evaluation of Occupational Causes and Risks to Workers’ Health,” a comprehensive evaluation of these risks and causes of such occupational health threats is provided. This leads to Part IV, “Prevention and Intervention Methods,” which delineates methods to prevent or intervene with these potential occupational health issues. Part V, “Research, Evaluation, Diversity and Practice,” concludes the book with the review of epidemiological, measurement, diversity, policy, and practice issues–with guidelines on changes that are needed to decrease the economic and health care impact of illnesses in the workplace, and recommendations for future. All chapters provide a balance among theoretical models, current best-practice guidelines, and evidence-based documentation of such models and guidelines. The contributors were carefully selected for their unique knowledge, as well as their ability to meaningfully present this information in a comprehensive manner. As such, this Handbook is of great interest and use to health care and rehabilitation professionals, management and human resource personnel, researchers and academicians alike.

Meeting Diversity in Ergonomics

Meeting Diversity in Ergonomics
  • Author : Ruud N. Pikaar,Ernst Koningsveld,Paul Settels
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-10
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 0080554105
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Summary : Meeting Diversity in Ergonomics contains 17 groundbreaking, expanded and fully edited professional contributions from the 2006 16th Triennial World Congress of the International Ergonomics Association (IEA) identified by the IEA Program Committee. It presents the latest developments in physical, cognitive and organizational ergonomics. This work will provide a valuable and sought-after publication for future reference by practitioners and professionals in the ergonomics and human factors field. State-of-the-art research results by leading researchers and practitioners in ergonomics and human factors, presenting the latest developments in physical, cognitive and organizational ergonomics International authorship endorsed by an eminent International Programme Committee fully endorsed by the International Ergonomics Association (IEA)

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors

Advances in Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors
  • Author : Ravindra S. Goonetilleke,Waldemar Karwowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-22
  • Total pages :505
  • ISBN : 9783319608259
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Summary : This book reports on the state of the art in physical ergonomics and is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe, and satisfying use by people. With focus on the human body's responses to physical and physiological work demands, repetitive strain injuries from repetition, vibration, force, and posture are the most common types of issues examined, along with their design implications. The book explores a wide range of topics in physical ergonomics, which includes the consequences of repetitive motion, materials handling, workplace safety, and usability in the use of portable devices, design, working postures, and the work environment. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, as well as the avoidance of stresses and minimization of the risk of accidents. Based on the AHFE 2017 Conference on Physical Ergonomics and Human Factors, July 17-21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, this book provides readers with a comprehensive view of the current challenges in Physical Ergonomics, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system, and factors influencing human performance.