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Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
  • Author : Majid Ghassemi,Azadeh Shahidian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780128038529
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Summary : Nano and Bio Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow focuses on the use of nanoparticles for bio application and bio-fluidics from an engineering perspective. It introduces the mechanisms underlying thermal and fluid interaction of nanoparticles with biological systems. This book will help readers translate theory into real world applications, such as drug delivery and lab-on-a-chip. The content covers how transport at the nano-scale differs from the macro-scale, also discussing what complications can arise in a biologic system at the nano-scale. It is ideal for students and early career researchers, engineers conducting experimental work on relevant applications, or those who develop computer models to investigate/design these systems. Content coverage includes biofluid mechanics, transport phenomena, micro/nano fluid flows, and heat transfer. Discusses nanoparticle applications in drug delivery Covers the engineering fundamentals of bio heat transfer and fluid flow Explains how to simulate, analyze, and evaluate the transportation of heat and mass problems in bio-systems

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels

Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels
  • Author : Satish Kandlikar,Srinivas Garimella,Dongqing Li,Stephane Colin,Michael R. King
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-25
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780080983516
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Summary : Heat exchangers with minichannel and microchannel flow passages are becoming increasingly popular due to their ability to remove large heat fluxes under single-phase and two-phase applications. Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow in Minichannels and Microchannels methodically covers gas, liquid, and electrokinetic flows, as well as flow boiling and condensation, in minichannel and microchannel applications. Examining biomedical applications as well, the book is an ideal reference for anyone involved in the design processes of microchannel flow passages in a heat exchanger. Each chapter is accompanied by a real-life case study New edition of the first book that solely deals with heat and fluid flow in minichannels and microchannels Presents findings that are directly useful to designers; researchers can use the information in developing new models or identifying research needs

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow

Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow
  • Author : W. J. Minkowycz,E M Sparrow,J. P. Abraham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9781439861950
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Summary : Featuring contributions by leading researchers in the field, Nanoparticle Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow explores heat transfer and fluid flow processes in nanomaterials and nanofluids, which are becoming increasingly important across the engineering disciplines. The book covers a wide range, from biomedical and energy conversion applications to materials properties, and addresses aspects that are essential for further progress in the field, including numerical quantification, modeling, simulation, and presentation. Topics include: A broad review of nanofluid applications, including industrial heat transfer, biomedical engineering, electronics, energy conversion, membrane filtration, and automotive An overview of thermofluids and their importance in biomedical applications and heat-transfer enhancement A deeper look at biomedical applications such as nanoparticle hyperthermia treatments for cancers Issues in energy conversion from dispersed forms to more concentrated and utilizable forms Issues in nanofluid properties, which are less predictable and less repeatable than those of other media that participate in fluid flow and heat transfer Advances in computational fluid dynamic (CFD) modeling of membrane filtration at the microscale The role of nanofluids as a coolant in microchannel heat transfer for the thermal management of electronic equipment The potential enhancement of natural convection due to nanoparticles Examining key topics and applications in nanoscale heat transfer and fluid flow, this comprehensive book presents the current state of the art and a view of the future. It offers a valuable resource for experts as well as newcomers interested in developing innovative modeling and numerical simulation in this growing field.

Heat Transfer

Heat Transfer
  • Author : Salim Newaz Kazi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-29
  • Total pages :406
  • ISBN : 9789535121466
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Summary : In the wake of energy crisis due to rapid growth of industries, the efficient heat transfer could play a vital role in energy saving. Industries, household equipment, transportation, offices, etc., all are dependent on heat exchanging equipment. Considering this, the book has incorporated different chapters on heat transfer phenomena, analytical and experimental heat transfer investigations, heat transfer enhancement and applications.

Short Pulse Laser Systems for Biomedical Applications

Short Pulse Laser Systems for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Kunal Mitra,Stephanie Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :49
  • ISBN : 9783319542539
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Summary : This book presents practical information on the clinical applications of short pulse laser systems and the techniques for optimizing these applications in a manner that will be relevant to a broad audience, including engineering and medical students as well as researchers, clinicians, and technicians. Short pulse laser systems are useful for both subsurface tissue imaging and laser induced thermal therapy (LITT), which hold great promise in cancer diagnostics and treatment. Such laser systems may be used alone or in combination with optically active nanoparticles specifically administered to the tissues of interest for enhanced contrast in imaging and precise heating during LITT. Mathematical and computational models of short pulse laser-tissue interactions that consider the transient radiative transport equation coupled with a bio-heat equation considering the initial transients of laser heating were developed to analyze the laser-tissue interaction during imaging and therapy. Experiments were first performed to characterize the tissue optical properties needed to optimize the dose for thermal therapy. Experiments were then performed on animal models to characterize the heat affected zone for LITT. The experimental measurements were also validated using the computational models.

Discontinuous Finite Elements in Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer

Discontinuous Finite Elements in Fluid Dynamics and Heat Transfer
  • Author : Ben Q. Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-06-29
  • Total pages :578
  • ISBN : 9781846282058
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Summary : Over the past several years, significant advances have been made in developing the discontinuous Galerkin finite element method for applications in fluid flow and heat transfer. Certain unique features of the method have made it attractive as an alternative for other popular methods such as finite volume and finite elements in thermal fluids engineering analyses. This book is written as an introductory textbook on the discontinuous finite element method for senior undergraduate and graduate students in the area of thermal science and fluid dynamics. It also can be used as a reference book for researchers and engineers who intend to use the method for research in computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer. A good portion of this book has been used in a course for computational fluid dynamics and heat transfer for senior undergraduate and first year graduate students. It also has been used by some graduate students for self-study of the basics of discontinuous finite elements. This monograph assumes that readers have a basic understanding of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer and some background in numerical analysis. Knowledge of continuous finite elements is not necessary but will be helpful. The book covers the application of the method for the simulation of both macroscopic and micro/nanoscale fluid flow and heat transfer phenomena.

Recent Trends in Computational Fluid Dynamics

Recent Trends in Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Muhammad Mubashir Bhatti,Marin I. Marin,Ahmed Zeeshan,Sara I. Abdelsalam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-16
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889661930
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Summary :

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine

Applications of Mathematical Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow Models in Engineering and Medicine
  • Author : Abram S. Dorfman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-06
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781119320562
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Summary : Applications of mathematical heat transfer and fluid flow models in engineering and medicine Abram S. Dorfman, University of Michigan, USA Engineering and medical applications of cutting-edge heat and flow models This book presents innovative efficient methods in fluid flow and heat transfer developed and widely used over the last fifty years. The analysis is focused on mathematical models which are an essential part of any research effort as they demonstrate the validity of the results obtained. The universality of mathematics allows consideration of engineering and biological problems from one point of view using similar models. In this book, the current situation of applications of modern mathematical models is outlined in three parts. Part I offers in depth coverage of the applications of contemporary conjugate heat transfer models in various industrial and technological processes, from aerospace and nuclear reactors to drying and food processing. In Part II the theory and application of two recently developed models in fluid flow are considered: the similar conjugate model for simulation of biological systems, including flows in human organs, and applications of the latest developments in turbulence simulation by direct solution of Navier-Stokes equations, including flows around aircraft. Part III proposes fundamentals of laminar and turbulent flows and applied mathematics methods. The discussion is complimented by 365 examples selected from a list of 448 cited papers, 239 exercises and 136 commentaries. Key features: Peristaltic flows in normal and pathologic human organs. Modeling flows around aircraft at high Reynolds numbers. Special mathematical exercises allow the reader to complete expressions derivation following directions from the text. Procedure for preliminary choice between conjugate and common simple methods for particular problem solutions. Criterions of conjugation, definition of semi-conjugate solutions. This book is an ideal reference for graduate and post-graduate students and engineers.

Advances in Fluid and Thermal Engineering

Advances in Fluid and Thermal Engineering
  • Author : Basant Singh Sikarwar,Bengt Sundén,Qiuwang Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-29
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9811601585
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Summary : This book comprises the select proceedings of the International Conference on Future Learning Aspects of Mechanical Engineering (FLAME 2020). This volume focuses on current research in fluid and thermal engineering and covers topics such as heat transfer enhancement and heat transfer equipment, heat transfer in nuclear applications, microscale and nanoscale transport, multiphase transport and phase change, multi-mode heat transfer, numerical methods in fluid mechanics and heat transfer, refrigeration and air conditioning, thermodynamics, space heat transfer, transport phenomena in porous media, turbulent transport, theoretical and experimental fluid dynamics, flow measurement techniques and instrumentation, computational fluid dynamics, fluid machinery, turbo machinery and fluid power. Given the scope of its contents, this book will be interesting for students, researchers as well as industry professionals.

Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical Engineering
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112076447108
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Summary :

Microscale Heat Transfer - Fundamentals and Applications

Microscale Heat Transfer - Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : S. Kakaç,L.L. Vasiliev,Y. Bayazitoglu,Y. Yener
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-29
  • Total pages :509
  • ISBN : 1402033591
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Summary : This volume provides a comprehensive state-of-the art assessment of the fundamentals of the Microscale heat transfer and transport phenomena and heat transfer and applications in Microsystems. The modern trend toward miniaturization of devices requires a better understanding of heat mass transfer phenomena in small dimensions. Devices having dimensions of order of microns are being developed for use of cooling of integrated circuits, and in biochemicals-biomedical applications and cryogenics. Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) have an important impact in medicine, bioengineering, information technologies and other industries.

Porous Media

Porous Media
  • Author : Kambiz Vafai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-08-24
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 1420065424
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Summary : Presenting state-of-the-art research advancements, Porous Media: Applications in Biological Systems and Biotechnology explores innovative approaches to effectively apply existing porous media technologies to biomedical applications. In each peer-reviewed chapter, world-class scientists and engineers collaborate to address significant problems and discuss exciting research in biological systems. The book begins with discussions on bioheat transfer equations for blood flows and surrounding biological tissue, the concept of electroporation, hydrodynamic modeling of tissue-engineered material, and the resistance of microbial biofilms to common modalities of antibiotic treatments. It examines how biofilms influence porous media hydrodynamics, describes the modeling of flow changes in cerebral aneurysms, and highlights recent advances in Lagrangian particles methods. The text also covers passive mass transport processes in cellular membranes and their biophysical implications, the modeling and treatment of mass transport through skin, the use of porous media in marine microbiology, the transport of large biological molecules in deforming tissues, and applications of magnetic stabilized beds for protein purification and adsorption, antibody removal, and more. The final chapters present potential in situ characterization techniques for studying porous media and conductive membranes and explain the development of bioconvection patterns generated by populations of gravitactic microorganisms in porous media. Using a common nomenclature throughout and with contributions from top experts, this cohesive book illustrates the role of porous media in addressing some of the most challenging issues in biomedical engineering and biotechnology. The book contains sophisticated porous media models that can be used to improve the accuracy of modeling a variety of biological processes.

Heat Waves

Heat Waves
  • Author : Brian Straughan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-25
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9781461404934
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Summary : This book surveys significant modern contributions to the mathematical theories of generalized heat wave equations. The first three chapters form a comprehensive survey of most modern contributions also describing in detail the mathematical properties of each model. Acceleration waves and shock waves are the focus in the next two chapters. Numerical techniques, continuous data dependence, and spatial stability of the solution in a cylinder, feature prominently among other topics treated in the following two chapters. The final two chapters are devoted to a description of selected applications and the corresponding formation of mathematical models. Illustrations are taken from a broad range that includes nanofluids, porous media, thin films, nuclear reactors, traffic flow, biology, and medicine, all of contemporary active technological importance and interest. This book will be of value to applied mathematicians, theoretical engineers and other practitioners who wish to know both the theory and its relevance to diverse applications.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes
  • Author : Sid Becker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-27
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9780128046197
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Summary : Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Biological Process Engineering

Biological Process Engineering
  • Author : Arthur T. Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-12-14
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 047124547X
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Summary : A unique, accessible guide to the application of engineering methods to biological systems. Presenting for the first time a practical, design-oriented, interdisciplinary approach to transport phenomena involving biological systems, Biological Process Engineering emphasizes the common aspects of the three main transport processes-fluid flow, heat transfer, and mass transfer. In clear and simple terms, it explores the relevance of these processes to broadly defined biological systems such as the growth of microbes in bioreactors, the leaching of pollutants into groundwater, and the chemistry of food manufacturing. Reaching well beyond standard applications in medicine and the environment to areas of biotechnology, aquaculture, agriculture, and food processing, this book promotes analogical thinking that will lead to creative solutions. While keeping the mathematics to a minimum, it explains principles of effective system modeling and demonstrates a wide variety of problem-solving techniques. Readers will find: * Systems diagrams comparing and contrasting different transport processes * Biological examples for all types of systems, including metabolic pathways, locomotion, reproduction, responses to thermal conditions, and more * Numerous design charts and procedures * An extensive collection of tables of parameter values, not found in any other text. An ideal undergraduate text for biological engineering students taking courses in transport processes, Biological Process Engineering is also an excellent reference for practicing engineers. It introduces the reader to diverse biological phenomena, serves as a stepping-stone to more theoretical topics, and provides important insights into the fast-growing arena of biological engineering.

Transactions of the ASME.

Transactions of the ASME.
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-11
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822033913708
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Summary :

Modern Fluid Dynamics

Modern Fluid Dynamics
  • Author : Clement Kleinstreuer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-05-21
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9789048120956
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Summary : This textbook covers essentials of traditional and modern fluid dynamics, i. e. , the fundamentals of and basic applications in fluid mechanics and convection heat transfer with brief excursions into fluid-particle dynamics and solid mechanics. Specifically, it is suggested that the book can be used to enhance the knowledge base and skill level of engineering and physics students in macro-scale fluid mechanics (see Chaps. 1–5 and 10), followed by an int- ductory excursion into micro-scale fluid dynamics (see Chaps. 6 to 9). These ten chapters are rather self-contained, i. e. , most of the material of Chaps. 1–10 (or selectively just certain chapters) could be taught in one course, based on the students’ background. Typically, serious seniors and first-year graduate students form a receptive audience (see sample syllabus). Such as target group of students would have had prerequisites in thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and solid mechanics, where Part A would be a welcomed refresher. While introductory fluid mechanics books present the material in progressive order, i. e. , employing an inductive approach from the simple to the more difficult, the present text adopts more of a deductive approach. Indeed, understanding the derivation of the basic equations and then formulating the system-specific equations with suitable boundary conditions are two key steps for proper problem solutions.

Nanofluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems

Nanofluid Heat and Mass Transfer in Engineering Problems
  • Author : Mohsen Sheikholeslami Kandelousi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9789535130079
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Summary : In the present book, nanofluid heat and mass transfer in engineering problems are investigated. The use of additives in the base fluid like water or ethylene glycol is one of the techniques applied to augment heat transfer. Newly, innovative nanometer-sized particles have been dispersed in the base fluid in heat transfer fluids. The fluids containing the solid nanometer-sized particle dispersion are called "nanofluids." At first, nanofluid heat and mass transfer over a stretching sheet are provided with various boundary conditions. Problems faced for simulating nanofluids are reported. Also, thermophysical properties of various nanofluids are presented. Nanofluid flow and heat transfer in the presence of magnetic field are investigated. Furthermore, applications for electrical and biomedical engineering are provided. Besides, applications of nanofluid in internal combustion engine are provided.

Essentials of Micro- and Nanofluidics

Essentials of Micro- and Nanofluidics
  • Author : A. Terrence Conlisk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-24
  • Total pages :537
  • ISBN : 9780521881685
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Summary : This book introduces students to the basic physical principles to analyze fluid flow in micro and nano-size devices. This is the first book that unifies the thermal sciences with electrostatics and electrokinetics and colloid science; electrochemistry; and molecular biology. The author discusses key concepts and principles, such as the essentials of viscous flows, an introduction to electrochemistry, heat and mass transfer phenomena, elements of molecular and cell biology, and much more. This textbook presents state-of-the-art analytical and computational approaches to problems in all of these areas, especially electrokinetic flows, and gives examples of the use of these disciplines to design devices used for rapid molecular analysis, biochemical sensing, drug delivery, DNA analysis, the design of an artificial kidney, and other transport phenomena. This textbook includes exercise problems, modern examples of the applications of these sciences, and a solutions manual available to qualified instructors.

Impact of Thermal Conductivity on Energy Technologies

Impact of Thermal Conductivity on Energy Technologies
  • Author : Aamir Shahzad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-05
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 9781789236729
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Summary : This book is intended to provide a deep understanding on the advanced treatments of thermal properties of materials through experimental, theoretical, and computational techniques. This area of interest is being taught in most universities and institutions at the graduate and postgraduate levels. Moreover, the increasing modern technical and social interest in energy has made the study of thermal properties more significant and exciting in the recent years. This book shares with the international community a sense of global motivation and collaboration on the subject of thermal conductivity and its wide spread applications in modern technologies. This book presents new results from leading laboratories and researchers on topics including materials, thermal insulation, modeling, steady and transient measurements, and thermal expansion. The materials of interest range from nanometers to meters, bringing together ideas and results from across the research field.

Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences

Modeling and Simulation in Engineering Sciences
  • Author : Noreen Sher Akbar,Anwar Beg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9789535126089
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Summary : This book features state-of-the-art contributions in mathematical, experimental and numerical simulations in engineering sciences. The contributions in this book, which comprise twelve chapters, are organized in six sections spanning mechanical, aerospace, electrical, electronic, computer, materials, geotechnical and chemical engineering. Topics include metal micro-forming, compressible reactive flows, radio frequency circuits, barrier infrared detectors, fiber Bragg and long-period fiber gratings, semiconductor modelling, many-core architecture computers, laser processing of materials, alloy phase decomposition, nanofluids, geo-materials and rheo-kinetics. Contributors are from Europe, China, Mexico, Malaysia and Iran. The chapters feature many sophisticated approaches including Monte Carlo simulation, FLUENT and ABAQUS computational modelling, discrete element modelling and partitioned frequency-time methods. The book will be of interest to researchers and also consultants engaged in many areas of engineering simulation.