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Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
  • Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-02
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128185995
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Summary : Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation

Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-11
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9781119529842
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Summary : A comprehensive volume on photocatalytic functional materials for environmental remediation As the need for removing large amounts of pollution and contamination in air, soil, and water grows, emerging technologies in the field of environmental remediation are of increasing importance. The use of photocatalysis—a green technology with enormous potential to resolve the issues related to environmental pollution—breaks down toxic organic compounds to mineralized products such as carbon dioxide and water. Due to their high performance, ease of fabrication, long-term stability, and low manufacturing costs, photofunctional materials constructed from nanocomposite materials hold great potential for environmental remediation. Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation examines the development of high performance photofunctional materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants. This timely volume assembles and reviews a broad range of ideas from leading experts in fields of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, materials science, and engineering. Precise, up-to-date chapters cover both the fundamentals and applications of photocatalytic functional materials. Semiconductor-metal nanocomposites, layered double hydroxides, metal-organic frameworks, polymer nanocomposites, and other photofunctional materials are examined in applications such as carbon dioxide reduction and organic pollutant degradation. Providing interdisciplinary focus to green technology materials for the treatment of environmental pollutants, this important work: Provides comprehensive coverage of various photocatalytic materials for environmental remediation useful for researchers and developers Encompasses both fundamental concepts and applied technology in the field Focuses on novel design and application of photocatalytic materials used for the removal of environmental contaminates and pollution Offers in-depth examination of highly topical green-technology solutions Presents an interdisciplinary approach to environmental remediation Photocatalytic Functional Materials for Environmental Remediation is a vital resource for researchers, engineers, and graduate students in the multi-disciplinary areas of chemistry, physics, nanotechnology, environmental science, materials science, and engineering related to photocatalytic environmental remediation.

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir,Muhammad Rafique,Muhammad Shahid Rafique
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-14
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9780128211977
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Summary : Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications focuses on nanostructured control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of semiconductor-based nanostructures. The book offers future guidelines for designing new semiconductor-based photocatalysts, with low cost and high efficiency, for a range of products aimed at environmental protection. The book covers the fundamentals of nanotechnology, the synthesis of nanotechnology, and the use of metal oxide, metal sulfide, and carbon-based nanomaterials in photocatalysis. The book also discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale. The book then explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification. The final chapter considers the recent advances in the field and outlines future perspectives on the technology. This is an important reference for materials scientists, chemical engineers, energy scientists, and anyone looking to understand more about the photocatalytic potential of nanomaterials, and their possible environmental applications. Explains why the properties of semiconductor-based nanomaterials make them particularly good for environmental applications Explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification Discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale

Photocatalytic Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications

Photocatalytic Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Rajesh J. Tayade,Vimal Gandhi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-25
  • Total pages :486
  • ISBN : 9781945291593
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Summary : Photocatalytic nanomaterials have a great potential in such applications as reduction of carbon dioxide and degradation of various pollutants. They are equally important in the production and storage of energy, e.g. in the conversion of solar energy to electricity, and the production of hydrogen in photoelectrochemical cells. Research on synthesis, characterization and specific applications is reported for titanium oxide and a number of other promising catalysts, such as silver phosphate, cerium oxide, zinc oxide and zinc sulfide.

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis

Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis
  • Author : Qidong Zhao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-13
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 9780128147979
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Summary : Advanced Nanomaterials for Pollutant Sensing and Environmental Catalysis presents the most recent advances and scientific discoveries in the fields of environmental protection and sensing with nanotechnology. The book's authors highlight recent advancements in how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient pollution controls, with particular attention given to noble metal nanosensors, novel hollow micro-/nanostructures with innovative functions, and advanced nanocatalysts based on carbon materials for water splitting. Each chapter demonstrates the fundamentals of the technology, illustrating key concepts and highlighting the latest developments and challenges in these multi-disciplinary fields. This book is a valuable resource for academic researchers, graduate students and R&D professionals in the fields of material science, chemistry, environmental science and nanotechnology. Presents the current state-of-the-art and covers the fundamentals and related technologies from a strong chemical, material and environmental engineering background Covers current trends and issues, including nontoxicity, efficiency of decomposition, and the sensitivity of nanomaterials used for sensing and environmental remediation Highlights the benefits and challenges of using nanomaterials to control pollution

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization
  • Author : Xubiao Luo,Fang Deng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780128148389
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Summary : Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization presents the fundamental principles necessary for the application of nanomaterials in environmental pollution control and resource reutilization, also describing specific novel applications of environmentally functional nanomaterials. In addition to outlining the applications of nanomaterials for pollution control, the book highlights problems and offers solutions. This comprehensive resource will inspire the next generation of nanomaterial designers, providing a state-of-the-art review and exploration of emerging developments. Written by some of the world’s top researchers in smart nanomaterials for environmental applications Shows how to design novel functional nanomaterials for highly specific pollutant control and/or remediation uses Covers a variety of pollution types, including heavy metals, pesticides and other chemical pollutants

Nanohybrid and Nanoporous Materials for Aquatic Pollution Control

Nanohybrid and Nanoporous Materials for Aquatic Pollution Control
  • Author : Lin Tang,Yaocheng Deng,Jingjing Wang,Jiajia Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-12
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128141557
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Summary : Nanohybrid and Nanoporous Materials for Aqueous Environmental Pollution Control gives a comprehensive treatment of fabrication methods and their application in environmental remediation, including adsorption, catalysis and signal transfer in pollutant detection. The design, fabrication and application of nanohybrid and nanoporous materials for environmental pollution control are described in detail, along with discussions on their synthesis, characterization, and applications in different aspects of pollutant treatment. Chapters introduce the design and synthesis of magnetic nanohybrid materials, advanced oxide process-photocatalytic degradation of environmental pollutants based on nanomaterials, and nanohybrids of iron based materials for reduction and oxidation of aqueous recalcitrant pollutant. Finally, challenges and suggestions in the application of nanomaterials for environmental pollution control are discussed, as is an analysis of the future perspective of nanomaterials for environmental application. Presents the most up-to-date developments in this rapidly progressing field Provides suggestions to address challenges and solve current problems related to the application of nanoporous materials Discusses future trends and perspectives in the area of nanohybrid and nanoporous materials

Application of Photoactive Nanomaterials in Degradation of Pollutants

Application of Photoactive Nanomaterials in Degradation of Pollutants
  • Author : Roberto Comparelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-27
  • Total pages :134
  • ISBN : 9783039213818
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Summary : Photoactive nanomaterials have been receiving increasing attention due to their potential application in the light-driven degradation of water and gas-phase pollutants. However, to exploit the great potential of photoactive materials and access their properties requires fine-tuning of their size/shape-dependent chemical–physical properties, and on the ability to integrate them in photoreactors or to deposit them onto large surfaces. Therefore, the synthetic approach as well as post-synthesis manipulation could strongly affect the final photocatalytic properties of the nanomaterial. The aim of the present Special Issue is to report on the most recent progress towards the application of photoactive nanomaterials and nanomaterial-based coatings in pollutant degradation, paying particular attention to cases close to real application: scalable synthetic approaches to nanocatalysts, preparation of nanocatalyst-based coatings, degradation of real pollutants and bacterial inactivation, and application in building materials.

Nanocatalysts in Environmental Applications

Nanocatalysts in Environmental Applications
  • Author : Samira Bagheri,Nurhidayatullaili Muhd Julkapli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-09
  • Total pages :116
  • ISBN : 9783319695570
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Summary : This book presents a range of nanocatalysts, together with their primary environmental applications and use in chemical production processes. In addition, it describes the nanomaterials used for catalysts and details their performance. The book introduces readers to the fundamentals and applications of nanocatalysis, synthesis, characterization, modification and application. Further topics include: landfill organic pollutant photodegradation; magnetic photocatalysis; synergistic effects on hydrogenated TiO2; and photoinduced fusion of gold-semiconductor nanoparticles. A detailed explanation of the chemistry of nanostructures and the ability to control materials at the nano-scale rounds out the coverage. Given the central importance of research in nanotechnology and nanoscience for the development of new catalysts, the book offers a valuable source of information for researchers and academics alike. It will also benefit industrial engineers and production managers who wish to understand the environmental impact of nanocatalysts.

Nanophotocatalysis and Environmental Applications

Nanophotocatalysis and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Inamuddin,Abdullah M. Asiri,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :269
  • ISBN : 9783030126193
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Summary : This book will be a guiding path to understand the photocatalytic process and mechanism for the deterioration of heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and pathogens from wastewater. Environmental remediation is of crucial importance in the context of human sustainability in the present and future times. The unplanned anthropogenic activities and revolutionary industrialization end up in environmental contamination with noxious organic-inorganic and biogenic pollutants. The photocatalytic disinfection and detoxification is the only solution to preserve and restore the ecological balance. The main emphasis is to explore and enhance the photocatalytic potentials of solar active-materials.

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification

Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification
  • Author : Rajendra Pawar,Caroline Sunyong Lee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-29
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9780323393133
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Summary : In Heterogeneous Nanocomposite-Photocatalysis for Water Purification, the authors introduce various heterogeneous photocatalysts based on novel nanostructures of metal oxide semiconductors and graphene used for water purification, including TiO2, Fe2O3, SnO2, WO3 and g-C3N4, and outlines their advantages and drawbacks. The nanocomposite-photocatalysts ZnO and CdS are compared with reduced graphene oxide (rGO), a rapidly growing materials system. The authors describe how the photocatalytic activity of known nanomaterials can be improved by modifying the structural and optical properties (i.e., phase composition). Introductory portion of the book includes a brief survey of all different kinds of heterogeneous photocatalysts Discusses the possible photocatalysis mechanism occurring during the degradation of different toxic pollutants Provides the photoelectrochemical measurement for synthesized catalysts, supporting the effective transportation of photoelectrons resulting into better catalytic properties

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification

Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification
  • Author : Shahid Ul-Islam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-10
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781119640455
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Summary : Dyes, pigments and metals are extensively used in food, paper, carpet, rubber, plastics, cosmetics, and textile industries, in order to color and finish products. As a result, they generate a considerable amount of coloured wastewater rich in organic, inorganic, and mineral substances which are continuously polluting the water bodies and affecting human and aquatic life. Besides these industries, urban and agricultural activities also generate effluents high in biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and chemical oxygen demand (COD). In recent years, considerable research work has been done in this area and is underway to eliminate heavy metals particularly mercury (Hg), chromium (Cr), lead (Pb), selenium and cadmium (Cd) and synthetic dyes from polluted waters which have high toxicity and carcinogenicity. Currently a number of methods are in operation to decontaminate the polluted waters. Among several purification technologies, use of nanoparticles/composites have gained much attention as efficient purification technology due to its many advantages such as simple synthesis, special chemical and physical properties, unique photocatalytic activity and beneficial antimicrobial properties and high efficiency. The book Environmental Nanotechnology for Water Purification comprehensively covers and provides new insights on all nanoparticles, composites and advanced methods employed in water purification.

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Advanced Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Boris Kharisov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-16
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781782629061
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Summary : Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Nanostructured Photocatalysts

Nanostructured Photocatalysts
  • Author : Rabah Boukherroub,Satishchandra B. OGALE,Neil Robertson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-06
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : 9780128178379
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Summary : Nanostructured Photocatalysts: From Materials to Applications in Solar Fuels and Environmental Remediation addresses the different properties of nanomaterials-based heterogeneous photocatalysis. Heterogeneous nanostructured photocatalysis represents an interesting and viable technique to address issues of climate change and global energy supply. Sustainable hydrogen (H2) fuel production from water via semiconductor photocatalysis, driven by solar energy, is regarded as a viable and sustainable solution to address increasing energy and environmental issues. Similarly, photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with water for the production of hydrocarbons could also be a viable solution. Sections cover band gap tuning, high surface area, the short diffusion path of carriers, and more. Introduces the utilization of nanostructured materials in heterogeneous photocatalysis for hydrogen fuel production via water splitting Explains preparation techniques for different nanomaterials and hybrid nanocomposites, enabling improved sunlight absorption efficiency and enhanced charge separation Assesses the challenges that need to be addressed before this technology can be practically implemented, particularly of identifying cost-effective nanophotocatalysts

New and Future Developments in Catalysis

New and Future Developments in Catalysis
  • Author : Steven L Suib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-07-17
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 9780444538710
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Summary : New and Future Developments in Catalysis is a package of seven books that compile the latest ideas concerning alternate and renewable energy sources and the role that catalysis plays in converting new renewable feedstock into biofuels and biochemicals. Both homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysts and catalytic processes will be discussed in a unified and comprehensive approach. There will be extensive cross-referencing within all volumes. The various sources of environmental pollution are the theme of this volume. The volume lists all current environmentally friendly catalytic chemical processes used for environmental remediation and critically compares their economic viability. Offers in-depth coverage of all catalytic topics of current interest and outlines future challenges and research areas A clear and visual description of all parameters and conditions, enabling the reader to draw conclusions for a particular case Outlines the catalytic processes applicable to energy generation and design of green processes

Bismuth

Bismuth
  • Author : Ying Zhou,Fan Dong,Shengming Jin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-20
  • Total pages :230
  • ISBN : 9781789232622
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Summary : Bismuth (Bi) is a post-transition metal element with the atomic number of 83, which belongs to the pnictogen group elements in Period 6 in the elemental periodic table. As a heavy metal, the hazard of Bi is unusually low in contrast to its neighbors Pb and Sb. This property, along with other typical characteristics like strong diamagnetism and low thermal conductivity, makes Bi attractive in industrial applications. There are more than 100 commercial bismuth products, from pharmaceutical to industrial catalysts. Based on the wide applications of Bi materials, this book goes further and mainly focuses on the potential uses of Bi-based materials, which consist of nine chapters. In addition, a special chapter concerning the defect in bismuth is also presented.

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants
  • Author : Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-12
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780128184905
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Summary : Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices

Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices
  • Author : Ronaldo do Nascimento,Odair Pastor Ferreira,Amauri Jardim De Paula,Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-14
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780128148303
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Summary : Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices: Water, Soil and Air takes a highly interdisciplinary approach in evaluating the use of a range of nanomaterials for various environmental applications, focusing, in particular, on their use in soil remediation, in improving water cleanliness, and in improving air quality. The book will not only help both materials scientists and environmental scientists understand the role played by nanomaterials in achieving these goals, but also give them practical ways they can be used to this end. Brings together the various applications and experimental aspects of nanoscience in the fields of chemistry, biology, environmental science and physics Maps the relationship between synthesis, properties and environmental interactions of nanomaterials, enabling greater understanding Describes new application opportunities for using nanomaterials in pollution trace detection and environmental improvement

Chalcogenide-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts

Chalcogenide-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts
  • Author : Mohammad Mansoob Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-15
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780128209172
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Summary : Chalcogenide-Based Nanomaterials as Photocatalysts deals with the different types of chalcogenide-based photocatalytic reactions, covering the fundamental concepts of photocatalytic reactions involving chalcogenides for a range of energy and environmental applications. Sections focus on nanostructure control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of chalcogenide-based nanomaterials. The book offers guidelines for designing new chalcogenide-based nanoscale photocatalysts at low cost and high efficiency for efficient utilization of solar energy in the areas of energy production and environment remediation. Provides information on the development of novel chalcogenide-based nanomaterials Outlines the fundamentals of chalcogenides-based photocatalysis Includes techniques for heterogeneous catalysis based on chalcogenide-based nanomaterials

Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Fan Dong,Sen Zhang,Yuxin Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-19
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889459025
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Summary :

Photocatalysis

Photocatalysis
  • Author : Dionysios D Dionysiou,Gianluca Li Puma,Jinhua Ye,Jenny Schneider,Detlef Bahnemann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-30
  • Total pages :394
  • ISBN : 9781782627104
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Summary : From environmental remediation to alternative fuels, this book explores the numerous important applications of photocatalysis. The book covers topics such as the photocatalytic processes in the treatment of water and air; the fundamentals of solar photocatalysis; the challenges involved in developing self-cleaning photocatalytic materials; photocatalytic hydrogen generation; photocatalysts in the synthesis of chemicals; and photocatalysis in food packaging and biomedical and medical applications. The book also critically discusses concepts for the future of photocatalysis, providing a fascinating insight for researchers. Together with Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Perspectives, these volumes provide a complete overview to photocatalysis.