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Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides

Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides
  • Author : Philippe Knauth,Joop Schoonman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9780306476099
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Summary : Nanostructured materials have at least one dimension in the nanometer range. They became a very active research area in solid state physics and chemistry in recent years with anticipated applications in various domains, including solar cells, electronics, batteries and sensors. Nanocrystalline metals and oxides are dense polycrystalline solids with a mean grain size below 100 nm. This book is intended to give an overview on selected properties and applications of nanocrystalline metals and oxides by leading experts in the field. The first three chapters provide a very complete theoretical treatment of thermodynamics and atom/ion transport for nanocrystalline materials. The following chapters are experts' views on the development of experimental characterization techniques for nanocrystalline solids with emphasis on electroceramic materials. Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides is intended for a broad range of readers, foremost chemists, physicists and materials scientists. Theoretical physicists and chemists will certainly also profit from this book. The electroceramics and solid state ionics community are particularly addressed, given the main interests of the editors.

Gas Sensing Properties of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxide Powders Produced by Thermal Decomposition and Mechanochemical Processing

Gas Sensing Properties of Nanocrystalline Metal Oxide Powders Produced by Thermal Decomposition and Mechanochemical Processing
  • Author : Ülo Kersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :33
  • ISBN : 9512267284
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Summary :

Thin Film Metal-Oxides

Thin Film Metal-Oxides
  • Author : Shriram Ramanathan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-12-03
  • Total pages :337
  • ISBN : 1441906649
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Summary : Thin Film Metal-Oxides provides a representative account of the fundamental structure-property relations in oxide thin films. Functional properties of thin film oxides are discussed in the context of applications in emerging electronics and renewable energy technologies. Readers will find a detailed description of deposition and characterization of metal oxide thin films, theoretical treatment of select properties and their functional performance in solid state devices, from leading researchers. Scientists and engineers involved with oxide semiconductors, electronic materials and alternative energy will find Thin Film Metal-Oxides a useful reference.

Metal Oxide Nanostructures

Metal Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Daniela Nunes,Ana Pimentel,Lidia Santos,Pedro Barquinha,Luis Pereira,Elvira Fortunato,Rodrigo Martins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-01
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9780128115053
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Summary : Metal Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications covers the theoretical and experimental aspects related to design, synthesis, fabrication, processing, structural, morphological, optical and electronic properties on the topic. In addition, it reviews surface functionalization and hybrid materials, focusing on the advantages of these oxide nanostructures. The book concludes with the current and future prospective applications of these materials. Users will find a complete overview of all the important topics related to oxide nanostructures, from the physics of the materials, to its application. Delves into hybrid structured metal oxides and their promising use in the next generation of electronic devices Includes fundamental chapters on synthesis design and the properties of metal oxide nanostructures Provides an in-depth overview of novel applications, including chromogenics, electronics and energy

Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials

Environmental Applications of Nanomaterials
  • Author : Glen E. Fryxell,Guozhong Cao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : 9781860946622
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Summary : This volume is concerned with functional nanomaterials: materials containing specific, predictable nanostructure whose chemical composition or interfacial structure enable them to perform a specific job ? destroy, sequester or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced today. The leading researchers contributing to this volume paint a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials and methods. The book is organized into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (such as layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors. The chemistries captured by the contributors form a rich and colorful tapestry.

Nanocrystalline Materials

Nanocrystalline Materials
  • Author : Sie-Chin Tjong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-02
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780124078987
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Summary : This second edition of Nanocrystalline Materials provides updated information on the development and experimental work on the synthesis, properties, and applications of nanocrystalline materials. Nanocrystalline materials with new functionalities show great promise for use in industrial applications — such as reinforcing fillers in novel polymer composites — and substantial progress has been made in the past decade in their synthesis and processing. This book focuses primarily on 1D semiconducting oxides and carbon nanotubes, 2D graphene sheets and 0D nanoparticles (metals and inorganic semiconductors). These materials are synthesized under different compositions, shapes and structures, exhibiting different chemical, physical and mechanical properties from their bulk counterparts. This second edition presents new topics relevant to the fast-paced development of nanoscience and nanotechnology, including the synthesis and application of nanomaterials for drug delivery, energy, printed flash memory, and luminescent materials. With contributions from leading experts, this book describes the fundamental theories and concepts that illustrate the complexity of developing novel nanocrystalline materials, and reviews current knowledge in the synthesis, microstructural characterization, physical and mechanical behavior, and application of nanomaterials. Investigates the synthesis, characterization, and properties of a large variety of nanocrystalline materials, and their applications in industry Keeps the prominent challenges in nanomaterials fabrication at the forefront while offering the most up-to-date scientific findings Written by experts in nanomaterials with academic backgrounds in chemistry, physics, and materials engineering

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents

Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents
  • Author : Markus Niederberger,Nicola Pinna
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-17
  • Total pages :217
  • ISBN : 9781848826717
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Summary : Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents discusses recent advances in the chemistry involved for the controlled synthesis and assembly of metal oxide nanoparticles, the characterizations required by such nanoobjects, and their size and shape depending properties. In the last few years, a valuable alternative to the well-known aqueous sol-gel processes was developed in the form of nonaqueous solution routes. Metal Oxide Nanoparticles in Organic Solvents reviews and compares surfactant- and solvent-controlled routes, as well as providing an overview of techniques for the characterization of metal oxide nanoparticles, crystallization pathways, the physical properties of metal oxide nanoparticles, their applications in diverse fields of technology, and their assembly into larger nano- and mesostructures. Researchers and postgraduates in the fields of nanomaterials and sol-gel chemistry will appreciate this book’s informative approach to chemical formation mechanisms in relation to metal oxides.

Nanostructured Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Metal Oxides
  • Author : Enrico Traversa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-01
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781566775090
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Summary : The use of metal oxides in nanostructured form, made possible by recent advances in their synthesis, allow the exploitation of unique physical and chemical properties of materials. This issue presents te latest advances in the controlled syntheseis and processing of nanostructured oxides, and the design, fabrication, and performance of devices that utilize them. The emphasis will be on the beneficial effects of using nanostructured materials in enviromentally-friendly applications.

Metal Oxides

Metal Oxides
  • Author : J.L.G. Fierro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-08-24
  • Total pages :808
  • ISBN : 9781420028126
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Summary : The chemistry of metals has traditionally been more understood than that of its oxides. As catalytic applications continue to grow in a variety of disciplines, Metal Oxides: Chemistry and Applications offers a timely account of transition-metal oxides (TMO), one of the most important classes of metal oxides, in the context of catalysis. The first part of the book examines the crystal and electronic structure, stoichiometry and composition, redox properties, acid-base character, and cation valence states, as well as new approaches to the preparation of ordered TMO with extended structure of texturally defined systems. The second part compiles some practical aspects of TMO applications in materials science, chemical sensing, analytical chemistry, solid-state chemistry, microelectronics, nanotechnology, environmental decontamination, and fuel cells. The book examines many types of reactions - such as dehydration, reduction, selective oxidations, olefin metathesis, VOC removal, photo- and electrocatalysis, and water splitting - to elucidate how chemical composition and optical, magnetic, and structural properties of oxides affect their surface reactivity in catalysis. Drawing insight from leading international experts, Metal Oxides: Chemistry and Applications is a comprehensive and interdisciplinary reference for researchers that may also be used by newcomers as a guide to the field.

Tin Oxide Materials

Tin Oxide Materials
  • Author : Marcelo Ornaghi Orlandi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-05
  • Total pages :666
  • ISBN : 9780128162798
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Summary : Tin Oxide Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications discusses the latest in metal oxides, an emerging area in electronic materials. As more is learned about this important materials system, more functionalities and applications have been revealed. This key reference on the topic covers important material that is ideal for materials scientists, materials engineers and materials chemists who have been introduced to metal oxides as a general category of materials, but want to take the next step and learn more about a specific material. Provides a complete resource on tin oxide materials systems, including in-depth discussions of properties, their synthesis, modelling methods, and applications Presents information on the well-investigated SnO2, but also includes discussions on its emerging stoichiometries, such as SnO and Sn3O4 Includes the most relevant applications in varistors, sensing devices, fuel cells, transistors, biological studies, and much more

The Surface Science of Metal Oxides

The Surface Science of Metal Oxides
  • Author : Victor E. Henrich,P. A. Cox
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-03-14
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0521566878
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Summary : The first book to give a comprehensive account of the fundamental properties of metal-oxide surfaces.

Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials

Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials
  • Author : K. C. Patil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :345
  • ISBN : 9789812793140
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Summary : Nano-oxide materials lend themselves to applications in a wide variety of emerging technological fields such as microelectronics, catalysts, ceramics, coatings, and energy storage. However, developing new routes for making nano-based materials is a challenging area for solid-state materials chemists. This book does just that by describing a novel method for preparing them. The authors have developed a novel low-temperature, self-propagating synthetic route to nano-oxides by the solution combustion and combustible precursor processes. This method provides the desired composition, structure, and properties for many types of technologically useful nanocrystalline oxide materials like alumina, ceria, iron oxides, titania, yttria, and zirconia, among others.The book is particularly instructive in bringing readers one step closer to the exploration of nanomaterials. Students of nanoscience can acquaint themselves with the actual production and evaluation of nanopowders by this route, while academic researchers and industrial scientists will find answers to a host of questions on nano-oxides. The book also provides an impetus for scientists in industrial research to evaluate and explore new ways to scale up the production of nanomaterials, offering helpful suggestions for further research.

The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials

The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterials
  • Author : Lucian A. Lucia,Orlando Rojas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-23
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 1444307487
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Summary : The unique nanoscale properties of renewable biomaterials presentvaluable opportunities in the field of nanoscience and technology.Lignocellulosic biomass is an important industrial resource whichcan be used for the production of highly efficient andenvironmentally sustainable nanomaterials. The Nanoscience and Technology of Renewable Biomaterialspresents the latest advances in biomass nanotechnology, includingleading research from academia and industry, as well as a futurevision for the nanotechnology of forest products. Topics covered include: A fundamental review of the relationship betweennanotechnology and lignocellulosic biomass Characterization methods for biomass on the nanometerscale Cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignin as nanoscopicbiomaterials-physical features, chemical properties and potentialnanoproducts Nanoscale surface engineering Renewable materials as scaffolds for tissue engineering Nanoscopically-controlled drug delivery This book will be a valuable resource for chemists, chemicalengineers, bioscience researchers and materials scientists who areinterested in harnessing the nanotechnological features ofrenewable biomaterials.

Synthesis of Zinc Oxide by Sol–Gel Method for Photoelectrochemical Cells

Synthesis of Zinc Oxide by Sol–Gel Method for Photoelectrochemical Cells
  • Author : Siti Salwa Alias,Ahmad Azmin Mohamad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-20
  • Total pages :52
  • ISBN : 9789814560771
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Summary : This book focuses on the study of synthesized ZnO powder using Zn(CH3COO)2∙2H2O precursor, methanol (as solvent), and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to vary the pH. The successfully synthesized ZnO powder from the sol-gel centrifugation and sol-gel storage methods were characterized and investigated by X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, UV–visible spectroscopy, and photoluminescence test to compare the properties of the nanoparticles. The best characteristic of the ZnO powder from both methods was observed when the powders were coated on an ITO glass to fabricate a PEC. The current density–voltage performances of both PECs were investigated under luminescent and dark conditions.

Mechanics, Simulation and Control III

Mechanics, Simulation and Control III
  • Author : K.M. Gupta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-16
  • Total pages :570
  • ISBN : 9783038261698
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Summary : Collection of selected, peer reviewed papers from the 2013 International Conference on Mechanics, Simulation and Control (ICMSC 2013), June 22-23, 2013, Kanyakumari, India. The 99 papers are grouped as follows: Chapter 1: Advanced Materials Engineering and Technologies; Chapter 2: Mechanical Engineering and Design, Applied Mechanics; Chapter 3: Electrical Engineering and Electric Machines; Chapter 4: Power System and Electronics, Energy Engineering, Its Applications; Chapter 5: Instrumentation, Measurement Technologies, Analysis and Methodology; Chapter 6: Modern Control, Automation and Robotic Engineering; Chapter 7: Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering, Management Applications; Chapter 8: Information Technologies, Communication and Networks Engineering.

Low-Dimensional Solids

Low-Dimensional Solids
  • Author : Duncan W. Bruce,Dermot O'Hare,Richard I. Walton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-29
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 1119972930
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Summary : With physical properties that often may not be described by the transposition of physical laws from 3D space across to 2D or even 1D space, low-dimensional solids exhibit a high degree of anisotropy in the spatial distribution of their chemical bonds. This means that they can demonstrate new phenomena such as charge-density waves and can display nanoparticulate (0D), fibrous (1D) and lamellar (2D) morphologies. This text presents some of the most recent research into the synthesis and properties of these solids and covers: Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Inorganic Nanotubes and Nanowires Biomedical Applications of Layered Double Hydroxides Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures Superconducting Borides Introducing topics such as novel layered superconductors, inorganic-DNA delivery systems and the chemistry and physics of inorganic nanotubes and nanosheets, this book discusses some of the most exciting concepts in this developing field. Additional volumes in the Inorganic Materials Book Series: Molecular Materials Functional Oxides Porous Materials Energy Materials All volumes are sold individually or as comprehensive 5 Volume Set.

Advances in Condensed Matter and Materials Research

Advances in Condensed Matter and Materials Research
  • Author : Francois Gerard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :239
  • ISBN : 1590338014
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Summary : Condensed matter physics (solid state physics) deals with the study of matter in scales larger than atoms. Some of the key questions researched include: Can we understand emergent properties of matter such as the existence of metallic and insulating states, superconductivity, and magnetic long-range order? How do the relatively simple laws which govern microscopic physics organise themselves at the macroscopic level into a wide variety of complex behaviour, seen for instances in the many phases of liquid crystals? What is the nature of the phase transitions between these different states of matter? Is there universal behaviour at large length and time scales which is insensitive to the details of the microscopic interaction? And how does disorder in the form of impurities, crystal defects, and surface adsorbates alter these phases? This series presents a collection of papers exploring the most current and cutting edge research in the condensed matter field.

Cluster and Nanostructure Interfaces

Cluster and Nanostructure Interfaces
  • Author : P Jena,S N Khanna,B K Rao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-08-21
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9789814493604
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Summary : This book deals with the evolution of the properties of clusters, nanostructures and cluster-based materials, with emphasis on the role of the interface. These materials are characterized by reduced size, dimension and symmetry, and possess many novel properties that are not commonly seen in their bulk phases. The topics include synthesis, nucleation, growth, characterization, atomic and electronic structure, dynamics, ultra-fast spectroscopy, stability; electrical, magnetic, optical, thermodynamic and catalytic properties of clusters (free and supported); cluster materials (self-assembled, ligated and embedded); nanostructures (quantum dots, wells and corrals; nanotubes and wires; colloidal and biological materials) and nano-technology (electronic, magnetic and optical devices). In addition to presenting the current status of the field, the book discusses outstanding problems and future directions. Contents:Ultrafast DynamicsSynthesis and CharacterizationTransportMagnetismOptical PropertiesElectronic StructureSelf AssembliesNanotubes, Fullerenes, Metcars, and Other Carbon-Based NanostructuresReactions and CatalysisSupported ClustersQuantum DotsPhase Changes and Molecular DynamicsNanotechnology Readership: Researchers in condensed matter physics, atomic & molecular physics, surface & interface science, and physical chemistry. Keywords:Clusters;Nanostructures;Surface Science;Interface Science;Condensed Matter Physics;Physical Chemistry;Atomic and Molecular Physics

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Philippe Knauth,Joop Schoonman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-04-11
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 9780306477225
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Summary : Nanostructured Materials: Selected Synthesis Methods, Properties and Applications presents several important recent advances in synthesis methods for nanostructured materials and processing of nano-objects into macroscopic samples, such as nanocrystalline ceramics. This book will not cover the whole spectrum of possible synthesis techniques, which would be limitless, but it presents especially interesting highlights in the domains of research of the editors. Subjects that are covered include the following: *"chimie douce" approaches for preparation of a large variety of nanostructured materials, including metals, alloys, semiconductors and oxides; *hydrothermal synthesis with water as solvent and reaction medium can be specifically adapted to nanostructured materials; *"electrospraying" as a powerful new route for the preparation of nanoparticles, especially of oxides for electroceramics; *nanoparticles processed into nanostructured ceramics, by using dynamic compaction techniques; *applications of nanostructured materials. This book complements the previous volume in this series (P. Knauth, J. Schoonman, eds., Nanocrystalline Metals and Oxides: Selected Properties and Applications, Kluwer, Boston, 2002).

Gallium Oxide

Gallium Oxide
  • Author : Stephen Pearton,Fan Ren,Michael Mastro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-15
  • Total pages :507
  • ISBN : 9780128145227
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Summary : Gallium Oxide: Technology, Devices and Applications discusses the wide bandgap semiconductor and its promising applications in power electronics, solar blind UV detectors, and in extreme environment electronics. It also covers the fundamental science of gallium oxide, providing an in-depth look at the most relevant properties of this materials system. High quality bulk Ga2O3 is now commercially available from several sources and n-type epi structures are also coming onto the market. As researchers are focused on creating new complex structures, the book addresses the latest processing and synthesis methods. Chapters are designed to give readers a complete picture of the Ga2O3 field and the area of devices based on Ga2O3, from their theoretical simulation, to fabrication and application. Provides an overview of the advantages of the gallium oxide materials system, the advances in in bulk and epitaxial crystal growth, device design and processing Reviews the most relevant applications, including photodetectors, FETs, FINFETs, MOSFETs, sensors, catalytic applications, and more Addresses materials properties, including structural, mechanical, electrical, optical, surface and contact

Rechargeable Lithium Batteries

Rechargeable Lithium Batteries
  • Author : Marc Doyle,Esther Takeuchi,K. M. Abraham,Electrochemical Society. Battery Division,Electrochemical Society. Energy Technology Division
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :593
  • ISBN : 1566772885
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Summary :