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Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation

Nanomaterials for Environmental Monitoring and Remediation
  • Author : Jiwei Hu,Zhan Jinhua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0128167114
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Summary : Advanced nanomaterials are finding increased application in the field of environmental monitoring and remediation; full coverage of a range of methodologies, strategies, technologies, and their applications is presented here.A general introduction is provided to the basic properties and the effects of a variety of advanced nanomaterials used in environmental monitoring and remediation, including the latest advanced nanomaterials such as graphene, magnetic nanostructured materials and nano-antibacterial materials. The authors discuss the influence of different nanostructured materials on performance, and detection of nanoparticles, as well as the potential environmental risks for nanomaterials and their impacts on ecological receptors. Different categories of nanostructured materials are examined, including smart, biomimetic and magnetic nanostructured materials, graphene, quantum dots, and porous nano-structured materials. There is further coverage of ex situ and in situ methods for the treatment of air, water, and soil pollution by heavy metals, halogenated organic compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, nutrients and microorganisms. Photoelectrocatalytic techniques using nano-sized electrode materials are also presented, as well as the pilot-scale applications of nano zero-valent iron for treating flue-gas-desulfurization wastewater. Finally, the full-scale application of photocatalyst TiO2 is summarized. Advanced Nanomaterials: Applications of Environmental Monitoring and Remediation will strengthen understanding of advanced nanomaterials for graduate students, research scientists, academics, industry and government researchers, and environmental consultants working on materials development for environmental monitoring and remediation.

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation

Nanomaterials for Air Remediation
  • Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Aymen Amine Assadi,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Sami Rtimi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-22
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128188224
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Summary : Nanomaterials for Air Remediation provides a comprehensive description of basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of air treatment using nanomaterials. The book explores how nanomaterials are used in various air remediation techniques, including advanced oxidation processes, biological processes, and filtration. It also covers their combined use as nanocatalysts, nanoantibiotics, nanoadsorbents, nanocontainers, nanofiltrations and nanosensors. Major challenges to using nanomaterials for improving air quality on a mass scale, both practical and regulatory, are also presented. This is an important resource for materials scientists and environmental engineers who are looking to understand how nanotechnology is used to enhance air quality. Includes coverage of a wide range of nanomaterials, from biochemical to chemical materials, and nanomaterials supported photocatalysts Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient air purification systems and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different types of nanomaterials for air remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation

Advanced Nanomaterials for Wastewater Remediation
  • Author : Ravindra Kumar Gautam,Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-05
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781315351124
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Summary : Contamination of aqueous environments by hazardous chemical compounds is the direct cause of the decline of safe clean water supply throughout the globe. The use of unconventional water sources such as treated wastewater will be a new norm. Emerging nanotechnological innovations have great potential for wastewater remediation processes. Applications that use smart nanomaterials of inorganic and organic origin improve treatment efficiency and lower energy requirements. This book describes the synthesis, fabrication, and application of advanced nanomaterials in water treatment processes; their adsorption, transformation into low toxic forms, or degradation phenomena, and the adsorption and separation of hazardous dyes, organic pollutants, heavy metals and metalloids from aqueous solutions. It explains the use of different categories of nanomaterials for various pollutants and enhances understanding of nanotechnology-based water remediation to make it less toxic and reusable.

Humidity Sensors

Humidity Sensors
  • Author : Christopher T. Okada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :187
  • ISBN : 1612092462
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Summary : There is a substantial interest in the development of relative humidity sensors for applications in monitoring moisture levels at home, in clean rooms, cryogenic processes, medical and food science. This new book presents current research in the study of humidity sensors, including measuring methods and standards of water vapor sorption and humidity; environmental and bio-medical applications using quartz crystal microbalance humidity sensors and surface modified electrospun nanofibrous membranes for humidity detection.

Environmental Applications Of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors

Environmental Applications Of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors
  • Author : Cao Guozhong,Fryxell Glen E
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-30
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9781908979810
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Summary : This volume is concerned with functional nanomaterials: materials containing specific, predictable nanostructure whose chemical composition or interfacial structure enable them to perform a specific job — destroy, sequester or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced today. The leading researchers contributing to this volume paint a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials and methods. The book is organized into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (such as layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors. The chemistries captured by the contributors form a rich and colorful tapestry.

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation
  • Author : Abdeltif Amrane,Dinesh Mohan,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Aymen Amine Assadi,Ghulam Yasin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-29
  • Total pages :590
  • ISBN : 9780128230824
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Summary : Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation provides a comprehensive description on basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of soil treatment using nanomaterials. Soil pollution refers to the presence of toxic chemicals in soil. Compared with air and water remediations, soil remediation is technically more challenging due to its complex composition. The synergy between engineering and nanotechnology has resulted in rapid developments in soil remediation. Nanomaterials could offer new routes to address challenging and pressing issues facing soil pollution. This book aims to explore how nanomaterials are used to cleanse polluted soils (organic compounds and heavy metal-contaminated soils) through various nanomaterials-based techniques (chemical/physical/biological techniques and their integrations). Highlights how nanotechnology is being used to more accurately measure soil pollution levels Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient soil remediation techniques and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different nanomaterial-based products for soil repair

Recent Trends in Nanomaterials

Recent Trends in Nanomaterials
  • Author : Zishan Husain Khan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-20
  • Total pages :305
  • ISBN : 9789811038426
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Summary : This book focuses on the latest advances in the field of nanomaterials synthesis and processes, and provides a comprehensive overview of the state of art of research in this rapidly developing field. The book is divided into 11 chapters on various aspects of nanomaterials, moving from the synthesis and characterization of graphene oxide to graphene quantum dots and other interesting nanomaterials. Some chapters based on theoretical simulation of nanomaterials and their properties and applications of nanomaterials have also presented in this book. Given the depth and breadth of coverage, the book offers a valuable guide for researchers and students working in the area of nanomaterials.

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation

Nanotechnologies for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Giusy Lofrano,Giovanni Libralato,Jeanette Brown
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-02
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 9783319531625
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Summary : In this book discussing the principles of green chemistry and green engineering an international team of investigators present significant recent developments in applying nanoscience, nanoengineering, and nanotechnology to the area of environmental remediation. The opening chapters introduce candidate nanomaterials, properties, mechanisms that enable the applications, the advantages and limitations compared to existing processes and commercial research requirements. It then explores the detection and application of nanomaterials in photocatalytic processes and as adsorbents, and also covers the effect of nanoparticles in the activated sludge process. Later chapters focus on the effects of nanoparticles on crops, the risks associated with the presence of nanoparticles in the environment, and lastly the environmental effects of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) on land remediation. This timely, multi-author contributed volume is aimed at students, technicians, and academics interested in the role, risks and benefits of nanotechnology in modern environmental contexts.

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science, 2 Volumes

Nanotechnology in Environmental Science, 2 Volumes
  • Author : Prof. Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-23
  • Total pages :920
  • ISBN : 9783527342945
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Summary : An overview of the current state of nanotechnology-based devices with applications in environmental science, focusing on nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites. The handbook pays special attention to those nanotechnology-based approaches that promise easier, faster and cheaper processes in environmental monitoring and remediation. Furthermore, it presents up-to-date information on the economics, toxicity and regulations related to nanotechnology in detail. The book closes with a look at the role of nanotechnology for a green and sustainable future. With its coverage of existing and soon-to-be-realized devices this is an indispensable reference for both academic and corporate R&D.

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection
  • Author : Boris I. Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,H. V. Rasika Dias
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-27
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9781118845547
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Summary : This book is divided into four main sections thoroughly analyzing the use of nanomaterials for water, air and soil solutions, and emphasizing environmental risks. Providing background on nanomaterials' two-decade study, it discusses the characterization and application of unconventional disinfectants, called antimicrobial nanomaterials, which fall into three categories and, while seemingly harmless, have potential hazards if applied improperly. Special attention is given to the process of remediation, synthetics techniques, and properties of nanomaterials, with examples to which new and trained readers in the field can relate and understand. an interdisciplinary approach, aimed at scientists in physical chemistry, nanotechnology, and environmental sciences includes applications of non-conventional techniques in environmental protection furthers the development of applied nanoscience and nanotechnology suggests new industrial projects and university courses addressing nanotechnology in and for the environment includes applications for water, air and soil protection

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology
  • Author : M. H. Fulekar,Bhawana Pathak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781498726245
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Summary : Environmental nanotechnology is considered to play a key role in shaping of current environmental engineering and science practices. This book titled "Environmental Nanotechnology" covers the advanced materials, devices, and system development for use in the environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding their chemistry and characterization using techniques like X- Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high resolution-TEM, etc is included. It also highlights the scope for their applications in environmental protection, environmental remediation and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring and assessment. Key Features: Covers basic to advanced Nano-based materials, their synthesis, development, characterization and applications and all the updated information related to environmental nanotechnology. Discusses implications of nanomaterials on the environment and applications of nanotechnology to protect the environment. Illustrates specific topics such as ethics of nanotechnology development, Nano-biotechnology, and application in wastewater technology. Includes applications of nanomaterials for combating global climate change and carbon sequestration. Gives examples of field applications of environmental nanotechnology. This book covers advanced materials, devices, and system developments for use in environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding its chemistry and characterization by the use of X-Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and high resolution-TEM give the scope for their application in environmental protection, environmental remediation, and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring, and assessment. The green chemistry based on nano-based materials prevents pollution and controls environmental contaminants.

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization

Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization
  • Author : Xubiao Luo,Fang Deng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780128148389
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Summary : Nanomaterials for the Removal of Pollutants and Resource Reutilization presents the fundamental principles necessary for the application of nanomaterials in environmental pollution control and resource reutilization, also describing specific novel applications of environmentally functional nanomaterials. In addition to outlining the applications of nanomaterials for pollution control, the book highlights problems and offers solutions. This comprehensive resource will inspire the next generation of nanomaterial designers, providing a state-of-the-art review and exploration of emerging developments. Written by some of the world’s top researchers in smart nanomaterials for environmental applications Shows how to design novel functional nanomaterials for highly specific pollutant control and/or remediation uses Covers a variety of pollution types, including heavy metals, pesticides and other chemical pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
  • Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-02
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128185995
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Summary : Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

Functionalized Nanomaterials Based Devices for Environmental Applications

Functionalized Nanomaterials Based Devices for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Chaudhery Hussain,Sudheesh K. Shukla,Girish M. Joshi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :676
  • ISBN : 012822245X
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Summary : Environmental devices help in monitoring the collection of one or more measurements that are used to access the status of an environment. Today, environmental monitoring and analytical methods are among the most rapidly developing branches of analysis. The functionalization of nanomaterials in the field of environmental science has increasing importance with regards to the fabrication of devices. Functionalized nanomaterials reformulate new materials and advanced characteristics for improved application in comparison to old fashion materials and open an opportunity for the development of devices for introducing new technology and techniques for monitoring environmental challenges. The monitoring of these environmental challenges in advances have direct impact on health and sustainability. Functionalized nanomaterials have different mechanical, absorption, optical or electrical properties than original nanomaterials. In fact, major utilization of nanomaterials occurs in their functionalized forms, which are very different from the parent material. This handbook provides an overview of the different state-of-the-art materials, devices and environmental applications of functionalized nanomaterials. In addition, the information offers a platform for ongoing research in the field of environmental science and device fabrication. The main objective of this book is to cover the major areas focusing on the functionalization of nanomaterials, device fabrication along with different techniques and environmental applications of functionalized nanomaterials-based devices. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, engineers and environmental scientsts who are looking to increase their understanding of how functionalized nanomaterial-based devices are being used for environmental monitoring applications. Helps the reader to understand the basic principles of functionalization of nanomaterials Highlights fabrication and characterization methods for functionalized nanomaterials-based environmental monitoring devices Assesses the major challenges of creating devices using functionalized nanomaterials on a mass scale

Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability

Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability
  • Author : Joo, Sung Hee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-04
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : 9781522505860
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Summary : Nanomaterials have been used for years in industries such as consumer products, textile production, and biomedicine, yet the literature outlining their use in environmental causes is limited. The safety, toxicity, transportation, and removal of this technology must be addressed as nanotechnology and nanomaterial use is expected to grow. Applying Nanotechnology for Environmental Sustainability addresses the applications of nanomaterials in the field of environmental conservation and sustainability, and analyses the potential risks associated with their use. It elucidates the scientific concepts and emerging technologies in nanoscience and nanotoxicity by offering a wide range of innovative topics and reviews regarding its use. This publication is essential for environmental engineers, researchers, consultants, students, regulators, and professionals in the field of nanotechnology.

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology

Nanomaterials and Environmental Biotechnology
  • Author : Indu Bhushan,Vivek Kumar Singh,Durgesh Kumar Tripathi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-22
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9783030345440
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Summary : Nanotechnology is considered as one of the emerging fields of science. It has applications in different biological and technological fields which deal with the science of materials at nanoscale (10-9). On the other hand, biotechnology is another field that deals with contemporary challenges. Nanobiotechnology fills the gap between these two fields. It merges physical, chemical, and biological principles in a single realm. This combination opens up new possibilities. At nanoscale dimensions, it creates precise nanocrystals and nanoshells. Integrated nanomaterials are used with modified surface layers for compatibility with living systems, improved dissolution in water, or biorecognition leading to enhanced end results in biotechnological systems. These nanoparticles can also be hybridized with additional biocompatible substances in order to amend their qualities to inculcate novel utilities. Nanobiotechnology is used in bioconjugate chemistry by coalescing up the functionality of non-organically obtained molecular components and biological molecules in order to veil the immunogenic moieties for targeted drug delivery, bioimaging and biosensing. This book blends the science of biology, medicine, bioinorganic chemistry, bioorganic chemistry, material and physical sciences, biomedical engineering, electrical, mechanical, and chemical science to present a comprehensive range of advancements. The development of nano-based materials has made for a greater understanding of their characterization, using techniques such as transmission electron microscope, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope EDX, and so on. This volume also highlights uses in environmental remediation, environmental biosensors and environmental protection. It also emphasizes the significance of nanobiotechnology to a series of medical applications viz., diagnostics, and therapeutics stem cell technology, tissue engineering enzyme engineering, drug development and delivery. In addition this book also offers a distinctive understanding of nanobiotechnology from researchers and educators and gives a comprehensive facility for future developments and current applications of nanobiotechnology.

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants

Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants
  • Author : Satinder Kaur Brar,Krishnamoorthy Hegde,Vinayak Laxman Pachapur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9780128146798
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Summary : Tools, Techniques and Protocols for Monitoring Environmental Contaminants describes information on the strategic integration of available monitoring methods with molecular techniques, with a focus on omics (DNA, RNA and protein based) and molecular imprinted polymer and nanomaterial based advanced biosensors for environmental applications. It discusses the most commonly practiced analytic techniques, such as HPLC, MS, GCMS and traditional biosensors, giving an overview of the benefits of advanced biosensors over commonly practiced methods in the rapid and reliable assessment of environmental contaminants. As environmental contaminants have become one of the serious concerns in terms of their rapid growth and monitoring in the environment, which is often limited due to costly and laborious methods, this book provides a comprehensive update on their removal, the challenges they create for environmental regulatory agencies, and their diverse effects on terrestrial and aquatic environments. Provides methods for assessing and monitoring environmental contaminants Includes recent advancement in molecular techniques Outlines rapid environmental monitoring methods Explains the use of biosensors for environmental monitoring Reviews monitoring methods beyond conventional analytic techniques

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 2

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 2
  • Author : Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-18
  • Total pages :373
  • ISBN : 9783319393063
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Summary : This book is the second volume on this topic within the series. With unique properties, nanomaterials are rapidly finding novel applications in many fields such as food, medicine, agriculture and pollution. Such applications include to treat cancer, nanosensors to detect food contamination, nanomaterials for food packaging, nanoencapsulation to preserve nutraceuticals, and nanofertilisers for advanced agriculture. After an introductory chapter on property rights of nanomaterials, readers will discover the applications of nanotechnology in food, health, environment, ecotoxicology and agriculture.

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants

Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants
  • Author : Barbara Bonelli,Francesca S. Freyria,Ilenia Rossetti,Rajandrea Sethi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-12
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780128184905
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Summary : Nanomaterials for the Detection and Removal of Wastewater Pollutants assesses the role of nanotechnology and nanomaterials in improving both the detection and removal of inorganic and organic contaminants from wastewater that originates from municipal and industrial plants. The book covers how nanotechnology is being used to remove common contaminants, including dyes, chlorinated solvents, nitrites/nitrates, and emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides. Sections cover nanofiltration, adsorption and remediation. Nanomaterial immobilization recovery is also addressed, along with the quantification of heat/mass transport limitations, sizing aspects and transport phenomena. Finally, regulatory aspects regarding contaminants and nanoparticles in the environment are covered. This book is an important resource for both materials scientists and environmental scientists looking to see how nanotechnology can play a role in making wastewater a less hazardous part of the global ecosystem. Addresses the role of new nanotechnology-based solutions for the detection and removal of common and emerging contaminants Discusses the environmental impact of nanoparticles used in wastewater contaminant detection and removal Explores the major challenges for using nanomaterials to detect and remove contaminants from wastewater

Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications

Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications
  • Author : Tian C. Zhang,Rao Y. Surampalli,Keith C. K. Lai,Zhiqiang Hu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 0784410305
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Summary : Nanotechnologies, the engine of the next Industrial Revolution, represent the new wave of research for chemical and industrial innovation. However, with any new technology or compound, comes the threat of harm to humans and natural ecosystems. Research into the environmental effects, as well as the ethical, legal, and social implications of nanotechnologies and nanoproducts has never been more important. Nanotechnologies for Water Environment Applications provides the current status of synthesis and characterization of nanomaterials, as well as the environmental effects of nanotechnology. This publication specifically targets the major applications of nanotechnologies in various water environments; issues related to the fate and transport of nanomaterials in aquatic environments; engineered nanomaterials as emerging contaminants in water; the environmental risks, and related management, of nanomaterials. Extensive up-to-date references are provided. This book will be useful to undergraduate and graduate students of engineering, educators, scientists, engineers, government officers, decision makers, process managers, and practicing professionals.

Iron Nanomaterials for Water and Soil Treatment

Iron Nanomaterials for Water and Soil Treatment
  • Author : Marta I. Litter,Natalia Quici,Martin Meichtry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781351334792
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Summary : Nanotechnology has a great potential for providing efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally acceptable solutions to face the increasing requirements on quality and quantity of fresh water for industrial, agricultural, or human use. Iron nanomaterials, either zerovalent iron (nZVI) or iron oxides (nFeOx), present key physicochemical properties that make them particularly attractive as contaminant removal agents for water and soil cleaning. The large surface area of these nanoparticles imparts high sorption capacity to them, along with the ability to be functionalized for the enhancement of their affinity and selectivity. However, one of the most important properties is the outstanding capacity to act as redox-active materials, transforming the pollutants to less noxious chemical species by either oxidation or reduction, such as reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) and dehalogenation of hydrocarbons. This book focuses on the methods of preparation of iron nanomaterials that can carry out contaminant removal processes and the use of these nanoparticles for cleaning waters and soils. It carefully explains the different aspects of the synthesis and characterization of iron nanoparticles and methods to evaluate their ability to remove contaminants, along with practical deployment. It overviews the advantages and disadvantages of using iron-based nanomaterials and presents a vision for the future of this nanotechnology. While this is an easy-to-understand book for beginners, it provides the latest updates to experts of this field. It also opens a multidisciplinary scope for engineers, scientists, and undergraduate and postgraduate students. Although there are a number of books published on the subject of nanomaterials, not too many of them are especially devoted to iron materials, which are rather of low cost, are nontoxic, and can be prepared easily and envisaged to be used in a large variety of applications. The literature has scarce reviews on preparation of iron nanoparticles from natural sources and lacks emphasis on the different processes, such as adsorption, redox pathways, and ionic exchange, taking place in the removal of different pollutants. Reports and mechanisms on soil treatment are not commonly found in the literature. This book opens a multidisciplinary scope for engineers and scientists and also for undergraduate or postgraduate students.