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Advanced Environmental Analysis

Advanced Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Boris Kharisov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-08
  • Total pages :534
  • ISBN : 9781782623625
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Summary : Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Advanced Environmental Analysis

Advanced Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Boris Kharisov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-16
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9781782629061
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Summary : Environmental analysis techniques have advanced due to the use of nanotechnologies in improving the detection sensitivity and miniaturization of the devices in analytical procedures. These allow for developments such as increases in analyte concentration, the removal of interfering species and improvements in the detection limits. Bridging a gap in the literature, this book uniquely brings together state-of-the-art research in the applications of novel nanomaterials to each of the classical components of environmental analysis, namely sample preparation and extraction, separation and identification by spectroscopic techniques. Special attention is paid to those approaches that are considered greener and reduce the cost of the analysis process both in terms of chemicals and time consumption. Advanced undergraduates, graduates and researchers at the forefront of environmental science and engineering will find this book a good source of information. It will also help regulators, decision makers, surveillance agencies and the organizations assessing the impact of pollutants on the environment.

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples

Analysis and Risk of Nanomaterials in Environmental and Food Samples
  • Author : Damia Barcelo,Marinella Farré
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-20
  • Total pages :415
  • ISBN : 9780444563293
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Summary : The application of nanotechnology in different consumer products has delivered new products with highly desirable properties, but at same time has opened a new window for a wide group of emerging contaminants and a new type of human exposure which needs to be assessed. Most of the current human toxicological information on nanomaterials comes from nano-sized particles in air, and their effects via inhalation. Other routes of human exposure, such as water and food, and the effects on human health and the environment have been less studied. It is the recent research in these areas that is highlighted here in one of the first books covering the analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and the environment, with both matrices being of considerable interest. In addition to providing a global summary of recent research, this book shows how widely used chromatographic and spectroscopic methods can be added to the analytical arsenal of microscopic techniques that have commonly been used to characterize nanomaterials. Describes the analytical techniques used to characterize nanomaterials and their applications in environmental or food samples Includes analysis and ecotoxicological evaluation of nanomaterials in food and environmental matrices Takes a detailed look at the research on emerging fields of human exposure to nanomaterials and their environmental risks

Nanomaterials in Environmental Analysis

Nanomaterials in Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Suresh Kumar Kailasa,Tae Jung Park,Rakesh Kumar Singhal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-08-15
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 0128206438
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Summary : In todays' world with its widespread usage of personal-care products, pharmaceuticals, surfactants, flame retardants, plasticizers, various industrial additives, metals and metalloids, pesticides, and pesticide metabolites, environmental contaminants are an increasing source of pollution with a severe effect on the ecological system. Industry that produces these contaminants must find answers to remediate this. Nanomaterials in Environmental Analysis contributes to solving this problem by providing researchers in industry and academia with promising applications of nanoparticles in detection techniques and in removal of chemical species from the environment. Each chapter covers an aspect of using nanoparticles in detecting, measuring and remediating toxic chemical species in the environment. Explores the application of nanoparticles for the identification and quantification of pollutants from various environments Serves as a quick reference and source of knowledge on nanoparticles-based techniques for environmental applications Takes foundational knowledge for application to research in the area Provides future trends

Advances in Nanosensors for Biological and Environmental Analysis

Advances in Nanosensors for Biological and Environmental Analysis
  • Author : Akash Deep,Sandeep Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-14
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780128174579
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Summary : Advances in Nanosensors for Biological and Environmental Analysis presents the current state-of-art in nanosensors for biological and environmental analysis, also covering commercial aspects. Broadly, the book provides detailed information on the emergence of different types of nanomaterials as transduction platforms used in the development of nanosensors. These include carbon nanotubes, graphene, 2-D transition metal dichalcogenides, conducting polymers and metal organic frameworks. Additional topics include sections on the way nanosensors have inspired new product development in various types of biological and environmental applications that are currently available and on the horizon. Features detailed information on various types of biological and environmental nanosensors Gives particular attention to the different categories of advanced functional interfaces, processes for their development, and application areas Includes the current state-of-the-art in terms of commercial aspects

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection

Nanomaterials for Environmental Protection
  • Author : Boris I. Kharisov,Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova,H. V. Rasika Dias
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-27
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9781118845547
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Summary : This book is divided into four main sections thoroughly analyzing the use of nanomaterials for water, air and soil solutions, and emphasizing environmental risks. Providing background on nanomaterials' two-decade study, it discusses the characterization and application of unconventional disinfectants, called antimicrobial nanomaterials, which fall into three categories and, while seemingly harmless, have potential hazards if applied improperly. Special attention is given to the process of remediation, synthetics techniques, and properties of nanomaterials, with examples to which new and trained readers in the field can relate and understand. an interdisciplinary approach, aimed at scientists in physical chemistry, nanotechnology, and environmental sciences includes applications of non-conventional techniques in environmental protection furthers the development of applied nanoscience and nanotechnology suggests new industrial projects and university courses addressing nanotechnology in and for the environment includes applications for water, air and soil protection

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment
  • Author : Nelson Marmiroli,Jason C. White,Jing Song
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-28
  • Total pages :362
  • ISBN : 9780128148365
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Summary : Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment provide a new, holistic framework for testing and evaluating the potential benefits and risks of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), including their potential socioeconomic impacts, ethical issues and consumers’ expectations and fears. The book covers nanomaterial presence in various environments, agroecosystems and other areas within the human sphere of actions. The book includes sections on (i) Chemical, physical and biological properties, (ii) Presence and diffusion of ENMs in human environments, agriculture, food and drug products, (iii) ENMs as a pillar in biological and medical research, and (iv) Social and regulatory issues emerging from years of application. The book is designed to increase awareness to key end-users and stakeholders, including food producers and processors, industry, representatives of society and consumers, and those looking to implement an accurate and effective risk analysis procedure that promotes the sustainable use of nanotechnology. Assesses both the positive and negative impacts of engineered nanomaterials in the environment Shows how engineered nanomaterials are used in agricultural environments, food products, drugs and cosmetics Discusses the unique properties of a range of engineered nanomaterials that lead to their environmental effects

Nanomaterials in the Environment

Nanomaterials in the Environment
  • Author : Satinder Kaur Brar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-01
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : 0784414084
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Summary : This text presents the most current knowledge on the environmental impact of materials and products developed using nanotechnology. Although nanomaterials are revolutionising electronics, medicine, transportation and many other industries, they pose risks to living beings and ecosystems that are barely understood. Leading researchers here consider the science of nanomaterials, their behaviour in the environment, risk assessment and toxicology, and the future of nanomaterials.

Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants

Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Rustem Kecili
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-20
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780128169353
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Summary : Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants presents established environmental analysis methods, rapidly emerging technologies, and potential future research directions. As methods of environmental analysis move toward lower impact, lower cost, miniaturization, automation, and simplicity, new methods emerge and ultimately improve the accuracy of their analytical results. This book gives in-depth, step-by-step descriptions of a variety of techniques, including methods used in sampling, field sample handling, sample preparation, quantification, and statistical evaluation. Modern Environmental Analysis Techniques for Pollutants aims to deliver a comprehensive and easy-to-read text for students and researchers in the environmental analysis arena and to provide essential information to consultants and regulators about analytical and quality control procedures helpful in their evaluation and decision-making procedures. Bridges the gap in current literature on analytical chemistry techniques and their application to environmental analysis Covers the use of nanomaterials in environmental analysis, as well as the monitoring and analysis of nanomaterials in the environment Looks to the past, present and future of environmental analysis, with chapters on historical background, established and emerging techniques and instrumentation, and predictions

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research

Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-03-18
  • Total pages :70
  • ISBN : 0309181909
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Summary : Nanotechnology is often described as an emerging technology - one that not only holds promise for society, but also is capable of revolutionizing our approaches to common problems. Nanotechnology is not a completely new field; however, it is only recently that discoveries in this field have advanced so far as to warrant examination of their impact upon the world around us. Nanotechnology has direct beneficial applications for medicine and the environment, but like all technologies it may have unintended effects that can adversely impact the environment, both within the human body and within the natural ecosystem. How does the science move forward in a way that best protects the public and gets health and safety right the first time? Implications of Nanotechnology for Environmental Health Research identifies the areas in which additional research is needed and the processes by which changes can occur.

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology
  • Author : Jo Anne Shatkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-12
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9781439881767
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Summary : Should you adopt nanotechnology? If you have already adopted it, what do you need to know? What are the risks? Nanomaterials and nanotechnologies are revolutionizing the ways we treat disease, produce energy, manufacture products, and attend to our daily wants and needs. To continue to capture the promise of these transformative products, however, we need to ask critical questions about the broader impacts of nanotechnology on society and the environment. Exploring these questions, the second edition of Nanotechnology: Health and Environmental Risks gives you the latest tools to understand the risks of nanotechnology and make better decisions about using it. Examining the state of the science, the book discusses what is known, and what still needs to be understood, about nanotechnology risk. It looks at the uses of nanotechnology for energy, industry, medicine, technology, and consumer applications and explains how to determine whether there is risk—even when there is little reliable evidence—and how to manage it. Contributors cover a wide range of topics, including: Current concerns, among them perceived risks and the challenges of evaluating emerging technology A historical perspective on product safety and chemicals policy The importance of being proactive about identifying and managing health and environmental risks during product development How the concepts of sustainability and life cycle assessment can guide nanotechnology product development Methods for evaluating nanotechnology risks, including screening approaches and research How to manage risk when working with nanoscale materials at the research stage and in occupational environments What international organizations are doing to address risk issues How risk assessment can inform environmental decision making Written in easy-to-understand language, without sacrificing complexity or scientific accuracy, this book offers a wide-angle view of nanotechnology and risk. Supplying cutting-edge approaches and insight, it explains what types of risks could exist and what you can do to address them. What’s New in This Edition Updates throughout, reflecting advances in the field, new literature, and policy developments A new chapter on nanotechnology risk communication, including insights into risk perceptions and the mental models people use to evaluate technological risks An emphasis on developing nanotechnology products that are sustainable in the long term Advances in the understanding of nanomaterials toxicity Cutting-edge research on occupational exposure to nanoparticles Changes in the international landscape of organizations working on the environmental, health, and safety aspects of nanotechnologies

Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical, Environmental and Energy Applications

Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical, Environmental and Energy Applications
  • Author : Xiaoru Wang,Xi Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-16
  • Total pages :493
  • ISBN : 9780128144985
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Summary : Novel Nanomaterials for Biomedical, Environmental, and Energy Applications is a comprehensive study on the cutting-edge progress in the synthesis and characterization of novel nanomaterials and their subsequent advances and uses in biomedical, environmental and energy applications. Covering novel concepts and key points of interest, this book explores the frontier applications of nanomaterials. Chapters discuss the overall progress of novel nanomaterial applications in the biomedical, environmental and energy fields, introduce the synthesis, characterization, properties and applications of novel nanomaterials, discuss biomedical applications, and cover the electrocatalytical and photothermal effects of novel nanomaterials for efficient energy applications. The book will be invaluable to academic researchers and biomedical clinicians working with nanomaterials. Offers comprehensive details on novel and emerging nanomaterials Presents a comprehensive view of new and emerging tactics for the synthesis of efficient nanomaterials Describes and monitors the functions of applications of new and emerging nanomaterials in the biomedical, environmental and energy fields

Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices

Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices
  • Author : Ronaldo do Nascimento,Odair Pastor Ferreira,Amauri Jardim De Paula,Vicente de Oliveira Sousa Neto
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-14
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780128148303
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Summary : Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices: Water, Soil and Air takes a highly interdisciplinary approach in evaluating the use of a range of nanomaterials for various environmental applications, focusing, in particular, on their use in soil remediation, in improving water cleanliness, and in improving air quality. The book will not only help both materials scientists and environmental scientists understand the role played by nanomaterials in achieving these goals, but also give them practical ways they can be used to this end. Brings together the various applications and experimental aspects of nanoscience in the fields of chemistry, biology, environmental science and physics Maps the relationship between synthesis, properties and environmental interactions of nanomaterials, enabling greater understanding Describes new application opportunities for using nanomaterials in pollution trace detection and environmental improvement

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment
  • Author : Baoshan Xing
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-10
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 9781119275824
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Summary : Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
  • Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-02
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128185995
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Summary : Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-01
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9780080999500
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Summary : Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media covers the novel properties of nanomaterials and their applications to consumer products and industrial processes. The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques. Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques. Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex media Focuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysis Aids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical tools Includes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding

Handbook of Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry

Handbook of Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-22
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 9780128172902
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Summary : Handbook of Nanomaterials in Analytical Chemistry: Modern Trends in Analysis explores the recent advancements in a variety of analytical chemistry techniques due to nanotechnology. It also devotes several chapters to the analytical techniques that have proven useful for the analysis of nanomaterials. As conventional analytical chemistry methods become insufficient in terms of accuracy, selectivity, sensitivity, reproducibility, and speed, recent advances have opened up new horizons for chemical analysis and detection methods. Chapters are authored by experts in their respective fields and include up-to-date reference materials, such as websites of interest and suggested reading lists on the latest research. Summarizes recent progress in micro-fabrication using nanomaterials for analytical chemistry techniques—among the most modernized and fast ways of performing these tasks Pays special attention to greener approaches that reduce the environmental impact and cost of the analysis process, both in terms of chemicals used and time and resource consumption Discusses many types of nanomaterials for analytical chemistry techniques, including those that are well established, such as carbon nanomaterials, as well as those that are newly trending, such as functionalized nanomaterials

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications

Green Functionalized Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications
  • Author : Uma Shanker,Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Manviri Rani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-09-15
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0128231378
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Summary : Green nanomaterials are classed as nanomaterials with no environmentally harmful, toxic, properties.The photocatalysis of nanomaterials involves photo-conduction value in efficient removal/degradation of noxious pollutants. Green nanotechnology has objectives for the development of products and processes which are environmentally friendly, economically sustainable, safe, energy-efficient, and produce little waste or emissions. Such products and processes are based on renewable materials and/or have a low net impact on the environment. Green functionalized nanomaterials, formed by a combination of nanomaterials with natural materials or are derived through a green source, are the new trends in the remediation of pollutants in environmental industries. This has the effect of making photoactive nanomaterials work under UV/sunlight radiation in order to produce reactive radical species that rapidly remove pollutants by redox mechanism. This book focuses on recent developments in the area of fabrication of green nanomaterials and their properties. It also looks at ways of lowering the risk of exposure of green functionalized nanomaterials. This needs to be pursued in the future for investigating and assessing health risks, which may be due to exposure to green nanomaterials. It is an important reference source for all those seeking to improve their understanding of how green functionalized nanomaterials are being used in a range of environmental applications, as well as considering potential toxicity implications. Highlights innovative industrial technologies for green functionalized nanomaterials Covers major fabrication techniques for sustainable functionalized nanomaterials Shows how sustainable functionalized nanoamterials are being developed for commercial applications

Environmental Applications Of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors

Environmental Applications Of Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Sorbents And Sensors
  • Author : Cao Guozhong,Fryxell Glen E
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-30
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9781908979810
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Summary : This volume is concerned with functional nanomaterials: materials containing specific, predictable nanostructure whose chemical composition or interfacial structure enable them to perform a specific job — destroy, sequester or detect some material that constitutes an environmental threat. Nanomaterials have a number of features that make them ideally suited for this job: high surface area, high reactivity, easy dispersability, and rapid diffusion. The purpose of this book is to showcase how these features can be tailored to address some of the environmental remediation and sensing/detection problems faced today. The leading researchers contributing to this volume paint a picture of diverse synthetic strategies, structures, materials and methods. The book is organized into sections on nanoparticle-based remediation strategies, nanostructured inorganic materials (such as layered materials like the apatites), nanostructured organic/inorganic hybrid materials, and the use of nanomaterials to enhance the performance of sensors. The chemistries captured by the contributors form a rich and colorful tapestry.

Toxicity of Nanomaterials

Toxicity of Nanomaterials
  • Author : Taylor & Francis Group
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-31
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 0367779757
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Summary : Choice Recommended Title, April 2020 This comprehensive book, edited by two leading experts in nanotechnology and bioengineering with contributions from a global team of specialists, provides a detailed overview of the environmental and health impacts associated with the toxicology of nanomaterials. Special attention is given to nanomaterial toxicity during synthesis, production and application, and chapters throughout are focused on key areas that are important for future research and development of nanomaterials. This book will be of interest to advanced students studying biomedical engineering and materials science, PhD researchers, post-docs and academics working in the area of nanotechnology, medicine, manufacturing and regulatory bodies. Features: Collates and critically evaluates various aspects of the toxicology of nanomaterials in one comprehensive text Discusses the various effects of nanocrystals including the morphologies on cytotoxicity, in addition to the environmental and cytotoxicity risks of graphene and 2D nanomaterials Explores practical methods of detection and quantification, with applications in the environmental and healthcare fields

Environmental Nanotechnology

Environmental Nanotechnology
  • Author : M. H. Fulekar,Bhawana Pathak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 9781498726245
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Summary : Environmental nanotechnology is considered to play a key role in shaping of current environmental engineering and science practices. This book titled "Environmental Nanotechnology" covers the advanced materials, devices, and system development for use in the environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding their chemistry and characterization using techniques like X- Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), high resolution-TEM, etc is included. It also highlights the scope for their applications in environmental protection, environmental remediation and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring and assessment. Key Features: Covers basic to advanced Nano-based materials, their synthesis, development, characterization and applications and all the updated information related to environmental nanotechnology. Discusses implications of nanomaterials on the environment and applications of nanotechnology to protect the environment. Illustrates specific topics such as ethics of nanotechnology development, Nano-biotechnology, and application in wastewater technology. Includes applications of nanomaterials for combating global climate change and carbon sequestration. Gives examples of field applications of environmental nanotechnology. This book covers advanced materials, devices, and system developments for use in environmental protection. The development of nano-based materials, understanding its chemistry and characterization by the use of X-Ray diffraction, FT-IR, EDX, scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and high resolution-TEM give the scope for their application in environmental protection, environmental remediation, and environmental biosensors for detection, monitoring, and assessment. The green chemistry based on nano-based materials prevents pollution and controls environmental contaminants.