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Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology

Comprehensive Nanoscience and Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-29
  • Total pages :2774
  • ISBN : 0123743966
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Summary : From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-22
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9780128205709
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Summary : Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3

Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3
  • Author : Shivendu Ranjan,Nandita Dasgupta,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-23
  • Total pages :289
  • ISBN : 9783319480091
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Summary : This book is the third volume on Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture, published in the Sustainable Agriculture Reviews series. In this book we present ten chapters describing the synthesis and application of nanomaterials for health, food, agriculture and bioremediation.Nanomaterials with unique properties are now being used to improve food and agricultural production. Research on nanomaterials is indeed revealing new applications that were once thought to be imaginary. Specifically, applications lead to higher crop productivity with nanofertilisers, better packaging, longer food shelf life and better sensing of aromas and contaminants. These applications are needed in particular in poor countries where food is scarce and the water quality bad. Nanotechnology also addresses the age old issue of water polluted by industrial, urban and agricultural pollutants. For instance, research produces nanomaterials that clean water more efficiently than classical methods, thus yielding water for drinking and irrigation. However, some nano materials have been found to be toxic. Therefore, nanomaterials should be engineered to be safe for the environment.

Nanoscience

Nanoscience
  • Author : P O'Brien,P J Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-02
  • Total pages :285
  • ISBN : 9781849735827
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Summary : This volume will present critical and comphrehensive reviews examining the latest research and developments in nanoscience in accessible articles. Quantum dot synthesis, soft lithography and graphene will feature in the debut volume, along with perspectives on research in China and India.

Heterogeneous Catalysis at Nanoscale for Energy Applications

Heterogeneous Catalysis at Nanoscale for Energy Applications
  • Author : Franklin (Feng) Tao,William F. Schneider,Prashant V. Kamat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-17
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 9781118843482
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Summary : This book presents both the fundamentals concepts and latestachievements of a field that is growing in importance since itrepresents a possible solution for global energy problems. It focuses on an atomic-level understanding ofheterogeneous catalysis involved in important energy conversionprocesses. It presents a concise picture for the entire areaof heterogeneous catalysis with vision at the atomic- and nano-scales, from synthesis, ex-situ and in-situ characterization,catalytic activity and selectivity, to mechanistic understandingbased on experimental exploration and theoretical simulation. The book: Addresses heterogeneous catalysis, one of the crucialtechnologies employed within the chemical and energyindustries Presents the recent advances in the synthesis andcharacterization of nanocatalysts as well as a mechanisticunderstanding of catalysis at atomic level for important processesof energy conversion Provides a foundation for the potential design ofrevolutionarily new technical catalysts and thus the furtherdevelopment of efficient technologies for the global energyeconomy Includes both theoretical studies and experimentalexploration Is useful as both a textbook for graduate and undergraduatestudents and a reference book for scientists and engineers inchemistry, materials science, and chemical engineering

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells

Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
  • Author : Alagarsamy Pandikumar,Kandasamy Jothivenkatachalam,Karuppanapillai B. Bhojanaa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9781119557395
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Summary : Offers an Interdisciplinary approach to the engineering of functional materials for efficient solar cell technology Written by a collection of experts in the field of solar cell technology, this book focuses on the engineering of a variety of functional materials for improving photoanode efficiency of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC). The first two chapters describe operation principles of DSSC, charge transfer dynamics, as well as challenges and solutions for improving DSSCs. The remaining chapters focus on interfacial engineering of functional materials at the photoanode surface to create greater output efficiency. Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells begins by introducing readers to the history, configuration, components, and working principles of DSSC It then goes on to cover both nanoarchitectures and light scattering materials as photoanode. Function of compact (blocking) layer in the photoanode and of TiCl4 post-treatment in the photoanode are examined at next. Next two chapters look at photoanode function of doped semiconductors and binary semiconductor metal oxides. Other chapters consider nanocomposites, namely, plasmonic nanocomposites, carbon nanotube based nanocomposites, graphene based nanocomposites, and graphite carbon nitride based nanocompositesas photoanodes. The book: Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals through the applications of DSSC Encompasses topics on various functional materials for DSSC technology Focuses on the novel design and application of materials in DSSC, to develop more efficient renewable energy sources Is useful for material scientists, engineers, physicists, and chemists interested in functional materials for the design of efficient solar cells Interfacial Engineering in Functional Materials for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells will be of great benefit to graduate students, researchers and engineers, who work in the multi-disciplinary areas of material science, engineering, physics, and chemistry.

Metal Oxide-Based Photocatalysis

Metal Oxide-Based Photocatalysis
  • Author : Adriana Zaleska-Medynska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-09
  • Total pages :364
  • ISBN : 9780128116333
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Summary : Metal Oxide-Based Photocatalysis: Fundamentals and Prospects for Application explains the principles and fundamentals of metal oxide-based photocatalysis and the requirements necessary for their use in photocatalysis. It also discusses preparation methods for photocatalysis, and the advantages, disadvantages and achievements of the most important metal oxides (TiO2, ZnO, Fe2O3, Ta2O3, CuO, NiO, Cr2O3, RuO2, etc.). The book concludes with the most important photocatalytic applications and an overview of the future. Applications are organized by potential needs and solutions, addressing such areas as water treatment, hydrogen production, air treatment, chemical synthesis, and applications in medicine and construction. Provides coverage of applications, presenting needs and solutions Covers essential applications, such as water treatment, hydrogen production, air depollution, medical applications, and much more Includes the characterization of the most important metal oxides used in heterogeneous photocatalysis

Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Graphitic Carbon Nitride

Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Graphitic Carbon Nitride
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,S. Anas,Jomon Joy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-07-01
  • Total pages :312
  • ISBN : 9780128230619
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Summary : Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a fascinating visible light photocatalyst, which possesses many properties that can be used for many applications. This book offers an up to date record on the major findings and observations related to graphitic carbon nitride-based systems, elaborately covering all the aspects of carbon nitride as chemical stable and pollution-free materials that are easy to prepare in a cost-effective way, as well as its applications in photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, photocatalytic hydrogen generation, carbon dioxide reduction, disinfection, sensors and supercapacitors. This makes the book an indispensable reference for (post)-graduate students, researchers in academia and industry, and engineers working in the field of graphitic carbon-nitride-based systems. Includes the applications of graphitic carbon nitride as a photocatalyst for the reduction of CO2 Describes the synthesis structure and properties graphitic carbon nitride-based systems Deals with the development of graphitic carbon nitride-based nanocomposites Includes hydrogen production via water splitting by using graphitic carbon nitride Describes the applications of graphitic carbon nitride in the field of sensors, solar cells, fuel cells and in analytical chemistry

Material, Machines and Methods for Sustainable Development

Material, Machines and Methods for Sustainable Development
  • Author : Banh Tien Long,Hyung Sun Kim,Kozo Ishizaki,Nguyen Duc Toan,Nguyen Thi Hong Minh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-06
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9783035733648
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Summary : International Conference on Material, Machines and Methods for Sustainable Development (MMMS 2018) Selected, peer reviewed papers from the1st International Conference on Material, Machines and Methods for Sustainable Development (MMMS 2018), 18-19 May 2018, Danang, Vietnam

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology

Handbook of Nanoscience, Engineering, and Technology
  • Author : William A. Goddard III,Donald Brenner,Sergey Edward Lyshevski,Gerald J Iafrate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-29
  • Total pages :824
  • ISBN : 0849312000
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Summary : Nanotechnology, science, and engineering spearhead the 21st century revolution that is leading to fundamental breakthroughs in the way materials, devices, and systems are understood, designed, made, and used. With contributions from a host of world-class experts and pioneers in the field, this handbook sets forth the fundamentals of nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), studies their fabrication, and explores some of their most promising applications. It provides comprehensive information and references for nanoscale structures, devices, and systems, molecular technology and nanoelectromechanical theory, and promises to become a standard reference for the field.

Dynamics of Mercury Pollution on Regional and Global Scales

Dynamics of Mercury Pollution on Regional and Global Scales
  • Author : Nicola Pirrone,Kathryn R. Mahaffey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-07-22
  • Total pages :744
  • ISBN : 038724493X
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive overview of the different dynamic patterns involved in the redistribution of mercury in the global environment, and its impact on human health and ecosystems. Increasing mercury usage and the lack of emission control policy, especially in fast developing countries, represent a complex environmental and political issue that can only benefit from more accurate measurement.

Detoxification of Chemical Warfare Agents

Detoxification of Chemical Warfare Agents
  • Author : Dimitrios A. Giannakoudakis,Teresa J. Bandosz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-28
  • Total pages :144
  • ISBN : 9783319707600
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Summary : This book presents a detailed history of chemical warfare development during the First World War and discusses design approaches to gas masks and the performance of new filter materials that decontaminate chemical warfare agents (CWA) when applied in the vapor phase. It describes multifunctional nanocomposites containing zinc and zirconium (hydr)oxides, graphite oxide and silver or gold nanoparticles as reactive adsorbents for the degradation of the CWAs vapors. In addition it examines in detail the surface properties that are most important in the mineralization performance.

Nanozymes: Next Wave of Artificial Enzymes

Nanozymes: Next Wave of Artificial Enzymes
  • Author : Xiaoyu Wang,Wenjing Guo,Yihui Hu,Jiangjiexing Wu,Hui Wei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-27
  • Total pages :127
  • ISBN : 9783662530689
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Summary : This book describes the fundamental concepts, the latest developments and the outlook of the field of nanozymes (i.e., the catalytic nanomaterials with enzymatic characteristics). As one of today’s most exciting fields, nanozyme research lies at the interface of chemistry, biology, materials science and nanotechnology. Each of the book’s six chapters explores advances in nanozymes. Following an introduction to the rise of nanozymes research in the course of research on natural enzymes and artificial enzymes in Chapter 1, Chapters 2 through 5 discuss different nanomaterials used to mimic various natural enzymes, from carbon-based and metal-based nanomaterials to metal oxide-based nanomaterials and other nanomaterials. In each of these chapters, the nanomaterials’ enzyme mimetic activities, catalytic mechanisms and key applications are covered. In closing, Chapter 6 addresses the current challenges and outlines further directions for nanozymes. Presenting extensive information on nanozymes and supplemented with a wealth of color illustrations and tables, the book offers an ideal guide for readers from disparate areas, including analytical chemistry, materials science, nanoscience and nanotechnology, biomedical and clinical engineering, environmental science and engineering, green chemistry, and novel catalysis.

Nanoscale Heterogeneities in Visible Light Absorbing Photocatalysts

Nanoscale Heterogeneities in Visible Light Absorbing Photocatalysts
  • Author : Diane Michelle Haiber
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :359
  • ISBN : OCLC:1222053429
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Summary : Photocatalytic water splitting over suspended nanoparticles represents a potential solution for achieving CO2-neutral energy generation and storage. To design efficient photocatalysts, a fundamental understanding of the material's structure, electronic properties, defects, and how these are controlled via synthesis is essential. Both bulk and nanoscale materials characterization, in addition to various performance metrics, can be combined to elucidate functionality at multiple length scales. In this work, two promising visible light harvesting systems are studied in detail: Pt-functionalized graphitic carbon nitrides (g-CNxHys) and TiO2-supported CeO2-x composites. Electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) is used to sense variations in the local concentration of amine moieties (defects believed to facilitate interfacial charge transfer) at the surface of a g-CNxHy flake. Using an aloof-beam configuration, spatial resolution is maximized while minimizing damage thus providing nanoscale vibrational fingerprints similar to infrared absorption spectra. Structural disorder in g-CNxHys is further studied using transmission electron microscopy at low electron fluence rates. In-plane structural fluctuations revealed variations in the local azimuthal orientation of the heptazine building blocks, allowing planar domain sizes to be related to the average polymer chain length. Furthermore, competing factors regulating photocatalytic performance in a series of Pt/g-CNxHys is elucidated. Increased polymer condensation in the g-CNxHy support enhances the rate of charge transfer to reactants owing to higher electronic mobility. However, active site densities are over 3x lower on the most condensed g-CNxHy which ultimately limits its H2 evolution rate (HER). Based on these findings, strategies to improve the cocatalyst configuration on intrinsically active supports are given. In TiO2/CeO2-x photocatalysts, the effect of the support particle size on the bulk/nanoscale properties and photocatalytic performance is investigated. Small anatase supports facilitate highly dispersed CeO2-x species, leading to increased visible light absorption and HERs resulting from a higher density of mixed metal oxide (MMO) interfaces with Ce3+ species. Using monochromated EELS, bandgap states associated with MMO interfaces are detected, revealing electronic transitions from 0.5 eV up to the bulk bandgap onset of anatase. Overall, the electron microscopy/spectroscopy techniques developed and applied herein sheds light onto the relevant defects and limiting processes operating within these photocatalyst systems thus suggesting rational design strategies.

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants

Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants
  • Author : Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,P.K. Mishra,Dhanesh Tiwary
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-02
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 9780128185995
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Summary : Nano-Materials as Photocatalysts for Degradation of Environmental Pollutants: Challenges and Possibilities contains both practical and theoretical aspects of environmental management using the processes of photodegradation and various heterogeneous catalysts. The book's main focus is on the degradation of harmful pollutants, such as petrochemicals, crude oils, dyes, xenobiotic pharmaceutical waste, endocrine disrupting compounds, and other common pollutants. Chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects. This book is useful for undergraduate or university students, teachers and researchers, especially those working in areas of photocatalysis through heterogeneous catalysts. The primary audience for this book includes Chemical Engineers, Environmental Engineers and scientists, scholars working on the management of hazardous waste, scientists working in fields of materials science, and Civil Engineers working on wastewater treatment. Reviews recent trends in the photodegradation of organic pollutants Offers a bibliometric analysis of photocatalysis for environmental abatement Includes many degradation mechanisms of organic pollutants using various catalysts Includes examples on the degradation of organic pollutants from various sources, e.g., pharmaceuticals, dyes, pesticides, etc. Discusses the effect of nanocatalysts on soil, plants and the ecosystem

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials

2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials
  • Author : Satyabrata Jit,Santanu Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-09
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780128176795
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Summary : 2D Nanoscale Heterostructured Materials: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications assesses the current status and future prospects for 2D materials other than graphene (e.g., BN nanosheets, MoS2, NbSe2, WS2, etc.) that have already been contemplated for both low-end and high-end technological applications. The book offers an overview of the different synthesis techniques for 2D materials and their heterostructures, with a detailed explanation of the many potential future applications. It provides an informed overview and fundamentals properties related to the 2D Transition metal dichalcogenide materials and their heterostructures. The book helps researchers to understand the progress of this field and points the way to future research in this area. Explores synthesis techniques of newly evolved 2D materials and their heterostructures with controlled properties Offers detailed analysis of the fundamental properties (via various experimental process and simulations techniques) of 2D heterostructures materials Discusses the applications of 2D heterostructured materials in various high-performance devices

Chinese Physics Letters

Chinese Physics Letters
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : CHI:62431643
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Summary :

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
  • Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :4014
  • ISBN : 0824750500
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Summary :

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Emerging Research in Science and Engineering Based on Advanced Experimental and Computational Strategies

Emerging Research in Science and Engineering Based on Advanced Experimental and Computational Strategies
  • Author : Felipe de Almeida La Porta,Carlton A. Taft
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-02
  • Total pages :530
  • ISBN : 9783030314033
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Summary : In this book, the authors discuss some of the main challenges and new opportunities in science and engineering research, which involve combining computational and experimental approaches as a promising strategy for arriving at new insights into composition–structure–property relations, even at the nanoscale. From a practical standpoint, the authors show that significant improvements in the material/biomolecular foresight by design, including a fundamental understanding of their physical and chemical properties, are vital and will undoubtedly help us to reach a new technological level in the future.

Aquananotechnology

Aquananotechnology
  • Author : Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Muhammad Zahid
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-10
  • Total pages :626
  • ISBN : 9780128211427
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Summary : Aquananotechnology: Applications of Nanomaterials for Water Purification focuses on the impacts of, and opportunities for, the application of nanotechnology to enhance water quality and the societal concerns surrounding the widespread use of nanotechnology in the water arena. Sections cover the use of nano-sensors for the detection of water pollutants, the control of waterborne pathogens, and the use of nano-biochar coal fly composites for phytoremdtions wastewater pollutants. In addition, the book explores the uses of nanoadsorbents for heavy metals, dyes, Arsenic, pesticides, and water/wastewater remediation and decontamination of water from xenobiotics, bionanocomposites, metal oxides, silver, zinc nanoparticles, and carbon-based nanomaterials for wastewater treatment. In addition, the book covers the use of zerovalent iron nanomaterials and nanostructured mesoporous silica for water purification, along with nano-hydrogels to increase water efficiency and conservation. Finally, the socioeconomic impacts and risks of aquananotechnology in ecosystems are discussed. This book provides a detailed description of the ecological applications of nanomaterials in aquatic environments, offering a cogent analysis of both major applications and challenges. Shows how a range of nanomaterial types are being used for ecological applications in aquatic environments Explores the effects different types of nanomaterials have on a variety of ecosystems Assesses the major challenges of using nanotechnology to improve water quality on a mass scale