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Nanostructured Metals and Alloys

Nanostructured Metals and Alloys
  • Author : S H Whang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-22
  • Total pages :840
  • ISBN : 9780857091123
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Summary : Tensile strength, fatigue strength and ductility are important properties of nanostructured metallic materials, which make them suitable for use in applications where strength or strength-to-weight ratios are important. Nanostructured metals and alloys reviews the latest technologies used for production of these materials, as well as recent advances in research into their structure and mechanical properties. One of the most important issues facing nanostructured metals and alloys is how to produce them. Part one describes the different methods used to process bulk nanostructured metals and alloys, including chapters on severe plastic deformation, mechanical alloying and electrodeposition among others. Part two concentrates on the microstructure and properties of nanostructured metals, with chapters studying deformation structures such as twins, microstructure of ferrous alloys by equal channel angular processing, and characteristic structures of nanostructured metals prepared by plastic deformation. In part three, the mechanical properties of nanostructured metals and alloys are discussed, with chapters on such topics as strengthening mechanisms, nanostructured metals based on molecular dynamics computer simulations, and surface deformation. Part four focuses on existing and developing applications of nanostructured metals and alloys, covering topics such as nanostructured steel for automotives, steel sheet and nanostructured coatings by spraying. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Nanostructured metals and alloys is a standard reference for manufacturers of metal components, as well as those with an academic research interest in metals and materials with enhanced properties.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Yuntian Theodore Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-10
  • Total pages :736
  • ISBN : 9783527626908
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Summary : The processing and mechanical behaviour of bulk nanostructured materials are one of the most interesting new fields of research on advanced materials systems. Many nanocrystalline materials possess very high strength with still good ductility, and exhibit high values of fatigue resistance and fracture toughness. There has been continuing interest in these nanomaterials for use in structural and biomedical applications, and this has led to a large number of research programs worldwide. This book focuses on the processing techniques, microstructures, mechanical and physical properties, and applications of bulk nanostructured materials, as well as related fundamental issues. Only since recently can such bulk nanostructured materials be produced in large bulk dimensions, which opens the door to their commercial applications.

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation

Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Author : Michael J. Zehetbauer,Ruslan Z. Valiev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :872
  • ISBN : 9783527604944
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Summary : These proceedings of the "Second International Conference on Nanomaterials by Severe Plastic Deformation" review the enormous scientific avalanche that has been developing in the field over recent years. A valuable resource for any scientist and engineer working in this emerging field of nanotechnology.

Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Bulk Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Ruslan Z. Valiev,Alexander P. Zhilyaev,Terence G. Langdon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-17
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9781118742570
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Summary : This book presents the most recent results in the area of bulk nanostructured materials and new trends in their severe plastic deformation (SPD) processing, where these techniques are now emerging from the domain of laboratory-scale research into the commercial production of various bulk nanomaterials. Special emphasis is placed on an analysis of the effect of nanostructures in materials fabricated by SPD on mechanical properties (strength and ductility, fatigue strength and life, superplasticity) and functional behavior (shape memory effects, magnetic and electric properties), as well as the numerous examples of their innovative applications. There is a high innovation potential for industrial applications of bulk nanomaterials for structural use (materials with extreme strength) as well as for functional applications such as nanomagnets, materials for hydrogen storage, thermoelectric materials, superconductors, catalysts, and biomedical implants.

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Mahdi Yeganeh,Yongxin Li
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9780128193600
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Summary : Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale. Explains the main methods of detection, monitoring, testing, measurement and simulation of corrosion at the nanoscale Explores how metals can be protected at the nanoscale using nanotechnology and nanomaterials Discusses the major challenges of detecting and preventing corrosion at the nanoscale

Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials

Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : A.M. Glezer,E.V. Kozlov,N.A. Koneva,N. A. Popova,I. A. Kurzina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-15
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9781351620604
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Summary : Plastic Deformation of Nanostructured Materials offers comprehensive analysis on the most important data and results in the field of materials strength and mechanics. This reference systematically examines the special features of the mechanical behavior and corresponding structural mechanisms of crystal structure defects with grain sizes that range from meso- to micro- levels.

Nanomechanics

Nanomechanics
  • Author : Alexander Vakhrushev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-24
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9789535131816
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Summary : In recent years, nanotechnology is the basis for the development of modern production. This determined the urgency of the intensive development of the new direction of mechanics and nanomechanics, for the scientific description of nanotechnological processes and the solution of several topical nanotechnology problems. Topics included in the book cover a wide range of research in the field of nanomechanics: thermomass theory of nanosystems; deformation of nanomaterials; interface mechanics of assembly carbon nanotube; nanomechanics on surface; molecular interactions and transformations; nanomechanical sensors, nanobeams, and micromembranes; nanostructural organic and inorganic materials; green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles. The main goal of these works is the establishment of the nanosystem macroparameter dependence on its nanoparameters using nanomechanics. This book will be useful for engineers, technologists, and researchers interested in methods of nanomechanics and in advanced nanomaterials with complex behavior and their applications.

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale

Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Susai Rajendran,Tuán Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei,Yongxin Li,Mahdi Yeganeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-12
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780128193594
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Summary : Corrosion Protection at the Nanoscale explores fundamental concepts on how metals can be protected at the nanoscale by using both nanomaterials-based solutions, including nanoalloys, noninhibitors and nanocoatings. It is an important reference resource for both materials scientists and engineers wanting to find ways to create an efficient corrosion prevention strategy. Nanostructure materials have been widely used in many products, such as print electronics, contact, interconnection, implant, nanosensors and display units to lessen the impact of corrosion. Traditional methods for protection of metals include various techniques, such as coatings, inhibitors, electrochemical methods (anodic and cathodic protections), metallurgical design are covered in this book. Nanomaterials-based protective methods can offer many advantages over their traditional counterparts, such as protection for early-stage, higher corrosion resistance, better corrosion control. This book also outlines these advantages and discusses the challenges of implementing nanomaterials as corrosion protection agents on a wide scale.

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides
  • Author : Grzegorz D. Sulka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-27
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128168776
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Summary : Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides: Synthesis and Applications reviews the current status of fabrication strategies that have been successfully developed to generate nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous anodic oxides on a range of metals. The most recent achievements and innovative strategies for the synthesis of nanoporous aluminum oxide and nanotubular titanium oxide are discussed. However, a special emphasis is placed on the possibility of fabrication of nanostructured oxide layers with different morphologies on other metals, including aluminum titanium, tantalum, tin, zinc, zirconium and copper. In addition, emerging biomedical applications of synthesized materials are discussed in detail. During the past decade, great progress has been made both in the preparation and characterization of various nanomaterials and their functional applications. The anodization of metals has proven to be reliable for the synthesis of nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous metal oxides to produce a desired diameter, density, aspect ratio (length to diameter) of pores/tubes, and internal pore/tube structure. Provides an in-depth overview of anodization techniques for a range of metals Explores the emerging applications of anodic metal oxides Explains mechanisms of formation valve metal oxides via anodization

Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Multifunctional Properties

Bulk Nanostructured Materials with Multifunctional Properties
  • Author : I. Sabirov,N.A. Enikeev,M.Yu. Murashkin,R.Z. Valiev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-01
  • Total pages :118
  • ISBN : 9783319195995
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Summary : This book presents a multifunctional approach to the design of bulk nanostructured metals through severe plastic deformation (SPD). Materials engineering has traditionally involved selecting a suitable material for a given application. However, modern engineering frequently requires materials with a set of multifunctional, often conflicting properties: Enhanced mechanical properties need to be combined with improved physical (electrical, magnetic, etc.) and/or chemical (corrosion resistance, biocompatibility) properties. So disparate materials properties need to be engineered and optimized simultaneously. These requirements have created a paradigm shift in which the classical materials selection approach is replaced by design of material microstructures to achieve certain performance requirements, subject to constraints on individual properties such as strength, conductivity, and corrosion resistance. Written by researchers at the forefront of this new materials design approach, the present volume provides a comprehensive introduction to multifunctional design of bulk nanostructured materials, with applications ranging from hydrogen storage to construction engineering.

Ductility of Bulk Nanostructured Materials

Ductility of Bulk Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Yonghao Zhao,Xiao Zhou Liao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-19
  • Total pages :734
  • ISBN : 9783038133421
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters BCI (WoS). Strength and ductility are two of the most important mechanical properties of structural materials, but this usually involves a trade-off, because of the fundamental inverse proportionality of these two features. Since the 1980s, bulk nanostructured materials have emerged as a new class of material having unusual structures and, as a result, have attracted increasing attention. Unfortunately, most bulk nanostructured materials still do not evade the strength-ductility trade-off dilemma, and usually have very poor ductility. The poor ductility of bulk nanostructured materials has indeed become a seemingly insurmountable obstacle to the widespread technological application of structural bulk nanostructured materials.

Nanostructured Silicon-based Powders and Composites

Nanostructured Silicon-based Powders and Composites
  • Author : Andre Pierre Legrand,Christiane Senemaud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-24
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 0203222296
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Summary : In recent years an increasing interest has been devoted to nanostructured composites. This attention is largely due to exciting possible applications ranging from new catalysts to the preparation of nanocomposites ceramics, with significant improvements in their properties. This book provides a comprehensive survey of French contributions t

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra-Fine Microstructures

Mechanical Properties and Deformation Behavior of Materials Having Ultra-Fine Microstructures
  • Author : M. Nastasi,Don M. Parkin,Herbert Gleiter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9789401117654
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Summary : In an attempt to meet the demand for new ultra-high strength materials, the processing of novel material configurations with unique microstructure is being explored in systems which are further and further from equilibrium. One such class of emerging materials is the so-called nanophased or nanostructured materials. This class of materials includes metals and alloys, ceramics, and polymers characterized by controlled ultra-fine microstructural features in the form oflayered, fibrous, or phase and grain distribution. While it is clear that these materials are in an early stage of development, there is now a sufficient body of literature to fuel discussion of how the mechanical properties and deformation behavior can be controlled through control of the microstructure. This NATO-Advanced Study Institute was convened in order to assess our current state of knowledge in the field of mechanical properties and deformation behavior in materials with ultra fine microstructure, to identify opportunities and needs for further research, and to identify the potential for technological applications. The Institute was the first international scientific meeting devoted to a discussion on the mechanical properties and deformation behavior of materials having grain sizes down to a few nanometers. Included in these discussions were the topics of superplasticity, tribology, and the supermodulus effect. Lectures were also presented which covered a variety of other themes including synthesis, characterization, thermodynamic stability, and general physical properties.

Severe Plastic Deformation

Severe Plastic Deformation
  • Author : Burhanettin Altan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :612
  • ISBN : 1594545081
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Summary : It has been already well established that the nanostructured materials (materials with a grain size of 100mm or less) is the future materials. Nanostructured materials possess properties superior to those of conventional, coarse grained materials. Hence designing potentially cost efficient and environmentally friendly products with better performance is a possibility. Among others, nanostructured materials exhibit increased strength, hardness and ductility and provide an opportunity for superplastic forming. When all the procedures in use for the production of nanostructured materials are examined, only severe plastic deformation (SPD) processes exhibit a potential for producing relatively large samples suitable for industrial applications. In this monograph, the state-of-the-art on severe plastic deformation methods is presented in one volume. The monograph is organised into eight chapters, each of which contains papers on different aspect of severe plastic deformation methods prepared by the experts in this field. The topics covered in the monograph are structure formation, phase transformation, superplasticity, mechanical properties of nanostructured materials, electronic and magnetic properties of nanostructured materials, deformation analysis, novel SPD methods, commercialisation of ECAE method.

Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys

Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys
  • Author : Hugh J. McQueen,Stefano Spigarelli,Michael E. Kassner,Enrico Evangelista
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781420017687
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Summary : A comprehensive treatise on the hot working of aluminum and its alloys, Hot Deformation and Processing of Aluminum Alloys details the possible microstructural developments that can occur with hot deformation of various alloys, as well as the kind of mechanical properties that can be anticipated. The authors take great care to explain and differentiate hot working in the context of other elevated temperature phenomena, such as creep, superplasticity, cold working, and annealing. They also pay particular attention to the fundamental mechanisms of aluminum plasticity at hot working temperatures. Using extensive analysis derived from polarized light optical microscopy (POM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), x-ray diffraction (XRD) scanning electron-microscopy with electron backscatter imaging (SEM-EBSD), and orientation imaging microscopy (OIM), the authors examine those microstructures that evolve in torsion, compression, extrusion, and rolling. Further microstructural analysis leads to detailed explanations of dynamic recovery (DRV), static recovery (SRV), discontinuous dynamic recrystallization (dDRX), discontinuous static recrystallization (dSRX), grain defining dynamic recovery (gDRV) (formerly geometric dynamic recrystallization, or gDRX), and continuous dynamic recrystallization involving both a single phase (cDRX/1-phase) and multiple phases (cDRX/2-phase). A companion to other works that focus on modeling, manufacturing involving plastic and superplastic deformation, and control of texture and phase transformations, this book provides thorough explanations of microstructural development to lay the foundation for further study of the mechanisms of thermomechanical processes and their application.

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Niklaus Baltzer,Thierry Copponnex
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-07
  • Total pages :236
  • ISBN : 9780857099051
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Summary : Precious metals and semi-precious metals are used for an increasing number of medical applications due to the properties of these metals and their alloys. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications reviews the properties of precious metals and their resulting applications in medicine. Part one outlines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, discussing their useful properties, such as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Part two goes on to provide an overview of the applications of precious metals in biomedicine, including dental, therapeutic, tissue engineering, and bioimaging applications. It discusses the advantages of the structure and properties of precious metals for these applications. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications is a key reference for material scientists and academics concerned with the properties and uses of these metals. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications Examines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before looking at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine

Bioceramics and Biocomposites

Bioceramics and Biocomposites
  • Author : Iulian Antoniac
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-04
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781119372141
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Summary : Provides comprehensive coverage of the research into and clinical uses of bioceramics and biocomposites Developments related to bioceramics and biocomposites appear to be one the most dynamic areas in the field of biomaterials, with multiple applications in tissue engineering and medical devices. This book covers the basic science and engineering of bioceramics and biocomposites for applications in dentistry and orthopedics, as well as the state-of-the-art aspects of biofabrication techniques, tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration of bone tissue. It also provides insight into the use of bionanomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures. Featuring contributions from leading experts in the field, Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice offers complete coverage of everything from extending the concept of hemopoietic and stromal niches, to the evolution of bioceramic-based scaffolds. It looks at perspectives on and trends in bioceramics in endodontics, and discusses the influence of newer biomaterials use on the structuring of the clinician’s attitude in dental practice or in orthopedic surgery. The book also covers such topics as biofabrication techniques for bioceramics and biocomposites; glass ceramics: calcium phosphate coatings; brain drug delivery bone substitutes; and much more. Presents the biggest trends in bioceramics and biocomposites relating to medical devices and tissue engineering products Systematically presents new information about bioceramics and biocomposites, developing diagnostics and improving treatments and their influence on the clinicians' approaches Describes how to use these biomaterials to create new functionalities when interfaced with biological molecules or structures Offers a range of applications in clinical practice, including bone tissue engineering, remodeling, and regeneration Delineates essential requirements for resorbable bioceramics Discusses clinical results obtained in dental and orthopedic applications Bioceramics and Biocomposites: From Research to Use in Clinical Practice is an excellent resource for biomaterials scientists and engineers, bioengineers, materials scientists, and engineers. It will also benefit mechanical engineers and biochemists who work with biomaterials scientists.

Magnesium and Its Alloys as Implant Materials

Magnesium and Its Alloys as Implant Materials
  • Author : Mirco Peron,Filippo Berto,Jan Torgersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-13
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781000048759
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Summary : Despite their tremendous potential, Mg and its alloys are not yet used in biomedical applications. This book aims to provide scientific insights into the challenges of the materials, and give an overview of the research regarding their mechanical properties, corrosion behaviour and biological performances. The authors intend to put the reader into the position to accurate discern the proper Mg-based material for his/her applications and to choose the proper improvement strategy to his/her cause. To this aim, the manuscript is structured as follow: in Section 2, the main challenges hampering the use of magnesium in biomedical applications and the common improvement strategies are listed. In Section 3, the most investigated Mg alloys are reported in separate sub-sections, detailing their mechanical properties, corrosion behaviour and biotoxicity. High-pure and ultra-high-pure Mg, Al-based Mg alloys, Zn-based Mg alloys, Ca-based alloys and RE-based Mg alloys have been considered. In Section 4, the alloys’ performances with respect to the challenges is summarized providing the reader with useful information and suggestions on the potentially most suited choice. Finally, in Section 5, an outlook portraying the authors’ opinion of the future development of the field will be provided. This book will allow biomedical engineers, surface scientists, material scientists, implant manufacturers and companies working on implant approval an overview of the state-of-the-art technologies adopted so far to overcome the drawbacks of Mg for biomedical applications. Particular emphasis is put on explaining the link between mechanical, corrosion and biocompatible properties of Mg and its alloys as well as their pros and cons. In doing so, the authors intend to put the reader into the position to accurate discern the proper Mg-based material for his/her applications and to choose the proper improvement strategy to his/her cause.

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics

Mechanical Properties of Complex Intermetallics
  • Author : Esther Belin-Ferr‚
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :457
  • ISBN : 9789814322164
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Summary : This book will be the last one in a series of 4 books issued yearly as a deliverable of the research school established within the European Network of Excellence CMA (for Complex Metallic Alloys). It is written by reputed experts in the fields of metal physics, surface physics and chemistry, metallurgy and process engineering, combining expertise found inside as well as outside the network. The CMA network focuses on the huge group of largely unknown multinary alloys and compounds formed with crystal structures based on giant unit cells containing clusters, with many tens up to more than thousand atoms per unit cell. In these phases, for many phenomena, the physical length scales are substantially smaller than the unit-cell dimension. Hence, these materials offer unique combinations of properties, which are mutually excluded in conventional materials: metallic electric conductivity combined with low thermal conductivity, combination of good light absorption with high-temperature stability, combination of high metallic hardness with reduced wetting by liquids, electrical and thermal resistance tuneable by composition variation, excellent resistance to corrosion, reduced cold-welding and adhesion, enhanced hydrogen storage capacity and light absorption, etc. The series of books will concentrate on: development of fundamental knowledge with the aim of understanding materials phenomena, technologies associated with the production, transformation and processing of knowledge-based multifunctional materials, surface engineering, support for new materials development and new knowledge-based higher performance materials for macro-scale applications.

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices
  • Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-21
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9781000073201
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Summary : Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology

Nanostructured Materials and Nanotechnology
  • Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :834
  • ISBN : 0125139209
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Summary : Nanotechnology Provides comprehensive coverage of the dominant technology of the 21st century Written by a truly international list of contributors.