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Nanostructured Zinc Oxide

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide
  • Author : Kamlendra Awasthi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-01
  • Total pages :525
  • ISBN : 9780128189016
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Summary : Nanostructured Zinc Oxide covers the various routes for the synthesis of different types of nanostructured zinc oxide including; 1D (nanorods, nanowires etc.), 2D and 3D (nanosheets, nanoparticles, nanospheres etc.). This comprehensive overview provides readers with a clear understanding of the various parameters controlling morphologies. The book also reviews key properties of ZnO including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric and surface properties and techniques in order to tailor key properties. There is a large emphasis in the book on ZnO nanostructures and their role in optoelectronics. ZnO is very interesting and widely investigated material for a number of applications. This book presents up-to-date information about the ZnO nanostructures-based applications such as gas sensing, pH sensing, photocatalysis, antibacterial activity, drug delivery, and electrodes for optoelectronics. Reviews methods to synthesize, tailor, and characterize 1D, 2D, and 3D zinc oxide nanostructured materials Discusses key properties of zinc oxide nanostructured materials including optical, electronic, thermal, piezoelectric, and surface properties Addresses most relevant zinc oxide applications in optoelectronics such as light-emitting diodes, solar cells, and sensors

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Magnus Willander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-22
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 9789814411349
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Summary : Zinc oxide (ZnO) in its nanostructured form is emerging as a promising material with great potential for the development of many smart electronic devices. This book presents up-to-date information about various synthesis methods to obtain device-quality ZnO nanostructures. It describes both high-temperature (over 100° C) and low-temperature (under 100° C) approaches to synthesizing ZnO nanostructures; device applications for technical and medical devices, light-emitting diodes, electrochemical sensors, nanogenerators, and photodynamic therapy; and the concept of self-powered devices and systems using ZnO nanostructures. The book emphasizes the utilization of non-conventional substrates such as plastic, paper, and textile as new platforms for developing electronics.

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Characterization

Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Characterization
  • Author : Sotirios Baskoutas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-04
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9783038973027
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Zinc Oxide Nanostructures: Synthesis and Characterization" that was published in Materials

Recent Progress in Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Grown on Fabric for Wearable Thermoelectric Power Generator with UV Shielding

Recent Progress in Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Grown on Fabric for Wearable Thermoelectric Power Generator with UV Shielding
  • Author : Pandiyarasan Veluswamy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1154264806
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Summary : Traditional materials for thermoelectric such as bismuth telluride have been studied and utilized commercially for the last half century, but recent advancements in materials selection are one of the principal function of the active thermoelectric device as it determines the reliability of the fabrication regarding technical and economic aspects. Recently, many researcher's efforts have been made to utilize oxide nanomaterials for wearable thermoelectric power generator (WTPG) applications which may provide environmental stable, mechanical flexibility, and light weight with low cost of manufacturing. In precise, fabric containing oxide metals have shown great promise as P−/N-type materials with improved transport and UV shielding properties. On the other hand, we have focused on ZnO nanostructures as a high-efficiency WTPG material because they are non-toxic to skin, inexpensive and easy to obtain and possess attractive electronic properties, which means that they are available for clothing with low-cost fabrication. To our observation, we are chaptering about the thermoelectric properties of ZnO and their composite nanostructures coated cotton fabric via the solvothermal method for the first time.

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Sensors

Nanostructured Zinc Oxide Sensors
  • Author : Mohammad Rabia Alenezi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:892860901
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Summary :

Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials

Handbook of Zinc Oxide and Related Materials
  • Author : Zhe Chuan Feng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-26
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : 9781000687149
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Summary : Through their application in energy-efficient and environmentally friendly devices, zinc oxide (ZnO) and related classes of wide gap semiconductors, including GaN and SiC, are revolutionizing numerous areas, from lighting, energy conversion, photovoltaics, and communications to biotechnology, imaging, and medicine. With an emphasis on engineering a

Toxicology

Toxicology
  • Author : Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-26
  • Total pages :218
  • ISBN : 9789535127161
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Summary : This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Zinc Oxide Bulk, Thin Films and Nanostructures: Processing, Properties, and Applications

Zinc Oxide Bulk, Thin Films and Nanostructures: Processing, Properties, and Applications
  • Author : Chennupati Jagadish,Stephen J. Pearton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 1483299678
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Summary : With an in-depth exploration of the following topics, this book covers the broad uses of zinc oxide within the fields of materials science and engineering: - Recent advances in bulk, thin film and nanowire growth of ZnO (including MBE, MOCVD and PLD), - The characterization of the resulting material (including the related ternary systems ZgMgO and ZnCdO), - Improvements in device processing modules (including ion implantation for doping and isolation, Ohmic and Schottky contacts, wet and dry etching), - The role of impurities and defects on materials properties - Applications of ZnO in UV light emitters/detectors, gas, biological and chemical-sensing, transparent electronics, spintronics and thin film

Oxide Nanostructures

Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Avanish Kumar Srivastava
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-09
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9789814411363
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Summary : Nanomaterials, their synthesis, and property studies have been an obsession with modern current physicists, chemist, and materials scientists for their vast array of technological implications and the remarkable way their properties are modified or enhanced when the size dimensions are reduced to the realm of nanometers. Although nanomaterials, for a lot of practical purposes have been in existence since the remotest past of civilization, it is only in the last few decades that the field has been gaining the attention that it deserves from the scientific and industrial fraternity. A lot of this has to do with the immense improvement we made in tools to study and characterize these materials. Metal oxides have been one of the well documented and hottest branches of nanomaterials revolution with oxides such as TiO2, ZnO, CuO, Fe3O4, Cr2O3, Co3O4, MnO2 and many more being an integral part to a variety of technological advancements and industrial applications. From green power issues like photovoltaic cells to rechargeable batteries, from drug delivery agents to antimicrobial and cosmetic products, from superconductor materials to semiconductors and insulators, metal oxides have been omnipresent in terms of both commercial prerogatives and research highlights. This book is solely devoted towards this special section of nanomaterials with an aim to partially access the science pertaining to the oxides of metals.

Smart Nanoparticles for Biomedicine

Smart Nanoparticles for Biomedicine
  • Author : Gianni Ciofani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-12
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9780128141571
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Summary : Smart Nanoparticles for Biomedicine explores smart nanoparticles that change their structural or functional properties in response to specific external stimuli (electric or magnetic fields, electromagnetic radiation, ultrasound, etc.). Particular attention is given to multifunctional nanostructured materials that are pharmacologically active and that can be actuated by virtue of their magnetic, dielectric, optically-active, redox-active, or piezoelectric properties. This important reference resource will be of great value to readers who want to learn more on how smart nanoparticles can be used to create more effective treatment solutions. Nanotechnology has enabled unprecedented control of the interactions between materials and biological entities, from the microscale, to the molecular level. Nanosurfaces and nanostructures have been used to mimic or interact with biological microenvironments, to support specific biological functions, such as cell adhesion, mobility and differentiation, and in tissue healing. Recently, a new paradigm has been proposed for nanomedicine to exploit the intrinsic properties of nanomaterials as active devices rather than as passive structural units or carriers for medications. Discusses the synthesis, characterization and applications of a new generation of smart nanoparticles for nanomedicine applications Explores the problems relating to the biocompatibility of a range of nanoparticles, outlining potential solutions Describes techniques for manipulating specific classes of nanoparticles for a variety of treatment types

Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide
  • Author : Hadis Morkoç,Ümit Özgür
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-03
  • Total pages :488
  • ISBN : 9783527623952
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Summary : This first systematic, authoritative and thorough treatment in one comprehensive volume presents the fundamentals and technologies of the topic, elucidating all aspects of ZnO materials and devices. Following an introduction, the authors look at the general properties of ZnO, as well as its growth, optical processes, doping and ZnO-based dilute magnetic semiconductors. Concluding sections treat bandgap engineering, processing and ZnO nanostructures and nanodevices. Of interest to device engineers, physicists, and semiconductor and solid state scientists in general.

Zinc Oxide

Zinc Oxide
  • Author : Carmen Galvan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 1536177547
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Summary : "In Zinc Oxide: Production, Properties and Applications, the authors first provide a summary of the natural sources available for the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles, enlisting some plant-mediated synthesized zinc oxide nanoparticles showing promising antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic and photocatalytic properties. Important technological opportunities and challenges emphasizing the electrical and optoelectronic features of elongated zinc oxide nanoparticle nanosystems are reviewed. The various nonlinear optical phenomenon observed in zinc oxide thin film, including nonlinear absorption, nonlinear refraction, nonlinear scattering and harmonic generations are introduced. Selected literature on the use of zinc oxide nanoparticles for the immobilization of enzymes is reviewed, as well as the use of zinc oxide nanoparticle/enzyme systems in the fabrication of biosensors. The authors explore transition metal doped zinc oxide nanoparticles for a wide range of catalytic organic reactions, further exploring their catalytic applications for organic transformations at mild reaction conditions. The basic concepts behind the development of nanostructured zinc oxide nanoparticles, including the solid state reaction, hydrothermal method, solvothermal method and co-precipitation method are discussed. Lastly, a facile, eco-friendly synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using the peel extract of Musa paradisiaca L, Punica granatum L, and Citrus reticulata Blanco as bioreducing agent is reported"--

Multifunctional Oxide-Based Materials: From Synthesis to Application

Multifunctional Oxide-Based Materials: From Synthesis to Application
  • Author : Teofil Jesionowski,Filip Ciesielczyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-03
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 9783039213979
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Summary : The book deals with novel aspects and perspectives in metal oxide and hybrid material fabrication. The contributions are mainly focused on the search for a new group of advanced materials with designed physicochemical properties, especially an expanded porous structure and defined surface activity. The proposed technological procedures result in an enhanced activity of the synthesized hybrid materials, which is of great importance when considering their potential fields of application. The use of such materials in different technological disciplines, including aspects associated with environmental protection, allows for the verification of the proposed synthesis method. Thus, it can be stated that those aspects are of interdisciplinary character and may be located at the interface of three scientific disciplines—chemistry, materials science, and engineering—as well as environmental protection. Furthermore, the presented scientific scope is in some way an answer to the continuous demand for such types of materials and opens new perspectives for their practical use

Wearable Technologies

Wearable Technologies
  • Author : Jesús Hamilton Ortiz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-03
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 9781789840032
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Summary : This edited volume Wearable Technologies is a collection of reviewed and relevant research chapters, offering a comprehensive overview of recent developments in the field of computer engineering. The book comprises single chapters authored by various researchers and edited by an expert active in the computer engineering research area. All chapters are complete in themselves but united under a common research study topic. This publication aims at providing a thorough overview of the latest research efforts.

Nanostructured Materials

Nanostructured Materials
  • Author : Mohindar Seehra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-12
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9789535133711
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Summary : There continues to be a worldwide interest in the size-dependent properties of nanostructured materials and their applications in many diverse fields such as catalysis, sensors, energy conversion processes, and biomedicine to name a few. The eleven chapters of this book written by different researchers include four chapters on the different methods of fabrication of specific materials followed by characterization of their properties, and the remaining seven chapters focusing on the fabrications and applications including three chapters on biomedical applications, two chapters on sensors, one chapter on solar cells, and one chapter on the use of nanoparticles in herbicides. These chapters provide up-to-date reviews useful for current and future researchers in these specific areas.

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Zainovia Lockman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-14
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 9781351266703
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Summary : 1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications

Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications
  • Author : Kamel Ahmed Abd-Elsalam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-06-15
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 0128228369
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Summary : Zinc-Based Nanostructures for Environmental and Agricultural Applications shows how zinc nanostructures are being used in agriculture, food and the environment. The book has been divided into two parts: Part I deals with the synthesis and characterization of zinc-based nanostructures such as biogenic, plant, microbial, and actinobacteria mediated synthesis of zinc nanoparticles, Part II is focused on agri-food applications such as antibacterial, antifungal, antimicrobial, plant disease management, controlling post-harvest diseases, pesticide sensing and degradations, plant promotions, ZnO nanostructure for food packaging application, safe animal food and feed supplement, elimination of mycotoxins, and veterinary applications. Part III reviews technological developments in environmental applications such as risks and benefits for aquatic organisms and the marine environment, antiseptic activity and toxicity mechanisms, wastewater treatment, and zinc oxide-based nanomaterials for photocatalytic degradation of environmental and agricultural pollutants. The book discusses various aspects, including the application of zinc-based nanostructures to enhance plant health and growth, the effect on soil microbial activity, antimicrobial mechanism, phytotoxicity and accumulation in plants, the possible impact of zinc-based nanostructures in the agricultural sector as nanofertilizer, enhancing crop productivity, and other possible antimicrobial mechanisms of ZnO nanomaterials. Explores the impact of a large variety of zinc-based nanostructures on agri-food and environment sectors Outlines how the properties of zinc-based nanostructures mean they are particularly efficient in environmental and agricultural application areas Assesses the major challenges of synthesizing and processing zinc-based nanostructured materials

Fabrication and Characterization of Zinc Oxide (Zno) Nanostructures

Fabrication and Characterization of Zinc Oxide (Zno) Nanostructures
  • Author : Yu-Hang Leung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-27
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1361417188
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Summary : This dissertation, "Fabrication and Characterization of Zinc Oxide (ZnO) Nanostructures" by Yu-hang, Leung, 梁宇恆, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of thesis entitled FABRICATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ZINC OXIDE (ZnO) NANOSTRUCTURES Submitted by Leung Yu Hang For the degree of Master of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in January 2006 Since the discovery of carbon nanotubes by Iijima in 1991, increasing research effort has been devoted to the synthesis and characterization of nanostructured materials. Materials at this scale exhibit novel properties which cannot be found in their bulk form. In silicon nanowires, for example, the bandgap of Si nanowires increases from 1.1 eV to 3.7 eV when the nanowire diameter decreases from 7 nm to 1.3 nm. In recent years, nanostructures of various semiconductors like Si, gallium arsenide, gallium nitride, and zinc oxide have been demonstrated. Among them, ZnO has been recognized as a promising material for a variety of applications in the field of photonics, optoelectronics, gas sensing, field emission, and piezoelectrics. To realize the incorporation of ZnO nanostructures into real life applications, lots of work need to be done, including synthesis of the nanostructures, and understanding of their properties. In this study, a number of ZnO nanostructures (tetrapods, nanorods, nanoribbons/combs, multipods) were fabricated by thermal evaporation and hydrothermal synthesis methods. The morphologies and, structural and optical properties of the resultant nanostructures were then characterized by various techniques, such as scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, photoluminescence and electron paramagnetic resonance. It was observed that fabrication conditions could significantly affect the properties of the nanostructures. All nanostructures exhibited one UV peak and one broad peak in the visible spectrum. The major difference is that the nanostructures fabricated by thermal evaporation exhibited green PL emission while the nanorods synthesized by hydrothermal method gave yellow emission. Green emission was observed even without the presence of the EPR signal at g 1.96 in some samples. This result contradicts the commonly cited oxygen vacancy hypothesis of green emission of ZnO. Obviously, that hypothesis does not apply to all ZnO samples. The nanorod sample with yellow emission also exhibited strong EPR signal similar to the green emitting sample. A possible explanation for the obtained results is that there are two different deep levels responsible for the green and yellow emission respectively. Stimulated UV emission of three different nanostructures (tetrapods, nanoribbons/combs, and nanorods) was studied by time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL). It was observed that different nanostructures exhibited different lasing thresholds, emission delay times and decay times. The difference in the lasing behaviors of the nanostructures is likely due to the difference in morphology, mode of cavity, or even native defects present in the material. DOI: 10.5353/th_b3617532 Subjects: Nanostructures Zinc oxide

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides

Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides
  • Author : Grzegorz D Sulka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9780128167069
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Summary : Nanostructured Anodic Metal Oxides: Synthesis and Applications reviews the current status of fabrication strategies that have been successfully developed to generate nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous anodic oxides on a range of metals. The most recent achievements and innovative strategies for the synthesis of nanoporous aluminum oxide and nanotubular titanium oxide are discussed. However, a special emphasis is placed on the possibility of fabrication of nanostructured oxide layers with different morphologies on other metals, including aluminum titanium, tantalum, tin, zinc, zirconium and copper. In addition, emerging biomedical applications of synthesized materials are discussed in detail. During the past decade, great progress has been made both in the preparation and characterization of various nanomaterials and their functional applications. The anodization of metals has proven to be reliable for the synthesis of nanoporous, nanotubular and nanofibrous metal oxides to produce a desired diameter, density, aspect ratio (length to diameter) of pores/tubes, and internal pore/tube structure.

Physics, Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures: Reviews And Short Notes To Nanomeeting-2017

Physics, Chemistry And Application Of Nanostructures: Reviews And Short Notes To Nanomeeting-2017
  • Author : Borisenko Victor E,Gaponenko Sergei Vasil'evich,Gurin Valerij S
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-27
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : 9789813224544
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Summary : This book presents invited reviews and original short notes of recent results obtained in studies concerning the fabrication and application of nanostructures, which hold great promise for the new generation of electronic, optoelectronic and energy conversion devices. They present achievements discussed at Special Sessions "Frontiers of Molecular Diagnostics with Nanostructures" and "Nanoelectromagnetics" organized within Nanomeeting-2017. Discussing exciting and relatively new topics such as fast-progressing nanoelectronics and optoelectronics, molecular electronics and spintronics, nanoelectromagnetics, nanophotonics, nanosensorics and nanoenergetics as well as nanotechnology and quantum processing of information, this book gives readers a more complete understanding of the practical applications of nanotechnology and nanostructures.

Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Nanoengineering: Fundamentals and Applications

Nanoscience, Nanotechnology, and Nanoengineering: Fundamentals and Applications
  • Author : Mohamad Hafiz Mamat,Tetsuo Soga,Mohamad Rusop Mahmood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-10
  • Total pages :670
  • ISBN : 9783038269168
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Summary : These are a collection of 129 peer reviewed papers from the Malaysia-Japan International Conference on Nanoscience, Nanotechnology and Nanoengineering 2014 ( NANO-SciTech 2014 and IC-NET 2014). The papers presented and reviewed in the conference are of up-to-date fundamental research, innovative top-down and bottom-up methods and technologies towards the development of nanomaterials and nanodevices. The effort to share and churned new knowledge in this field are geared towards enhancement and efficient energy conversion, conservation of natural resources, reduction of pollution and overall improvement in quality of life.