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Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials

Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials
  • Author : Lei Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-28
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9780857098504
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Summary : Nanotechnology-Enhanced Orthopedic Materials provides the latest information on the emergence and rapid development of nanotechnology and the ways it has impacted almost every aspect of biomedical engineering. This book provides readers with a comprehensive overview of the field, focusing on the fabrication and applications of these materials, presenting updated, practical, and systematic knowledge on the synthesis, processing, and modification of nanomaterials, along with the rationale and methodology of applying such materials for orthopedic purposes. Topics covered include a wide range of orthopedic material formulations, such as ceramics, metals, polymers, biomolecules, and self-assemblies. Final sections explore applications and future trends in nanotechnology-enhanced orthopedic materials. Details practical information on the fabrication and modification of new and traditional orthopedic materials Analyzes a wide range of materials, designs, and applications of nanotechnology for orthopedics Investigates future trends in the field, including sections on orthopedic materials with bacterial-inhibitory properties and novel materials for the control of immune and inflammatory responses

Biomedical Materials

Biomedical Materials
  • Author : Roger Narayan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9783030492069
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Summary :

Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Filippo Rossi,Alberto Rainer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-22
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128178393
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Summary : Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering: Techniques, Trends and Applications provides information on the major methodologies for the application of nanomaterials in the medical field. In recent years, nanotechnology for medicine, commonly known as bionanotechnology, or nanomedicine, has revolutionized various types of medical treatment. This book is intended for practicing engineers and scientists, and includes detailed, readily applicable protocols. It focuses on 4 major themes, including the synthesis of nanosystems for controlled drug delivery, nanotechnology-enhanced sensing systems, the application of nanotechnologies to the synthesis of novel biomaterials, and safety issues related to the application of medicinal nanotechnology. Provides a comprehensive overview on how nanotechnology is being used to create new tissue engineering techniques Covers, in detail, the physicochemical fundamentals of bionanotechnologies Explores major applications in the fields of theranostics and tissue engineering Assesses important challenges and safety issues related to the implementation of nanotechnology in medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine

Biomaterials in Translational Medicine
  • Author : Lei Yang,Sarit Bhaduri,Thomas J. Webster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9780128134788
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Summary : Biomaterials in Translational Medicine delivers timely and detailed information on the latest advances in biomaterials and their role and impact in translational medicine. Key topics addressed include the properties and functions of these materials and how they might be applied for clinical diagnosis and treatment. Particular emphasis is placed on basic fundamentals, biomaterial formulations, design principles, fabrication techniques and transitioning bench-to-bed clinical applications. The book is an essential reference resource for researchers, clinicians, materials scientists, engineers and anyone involved in the future development of innovative biomaterials that drive advancement in translational medicine. Systematically introduces the fundamental principles, rationales and methodologies of creating or improving biomaterials in the context of translational medicine Includes the translational or commercialization status of these new biomaterials Provides the reader with enough background knowledge for a fundamental grip of the difficulties and technicalities of using biomaterial translational medicine Directs the reader on how to find other up-to-date sources (i.e. peer reviewed journals) in the field of translational medicine and biomaterials

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility

Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility
  • Author : Anişoara Cîmpean,Florin Miculescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-10
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9783039282166
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Summary : The scientific advances in life sciences and engineering are constantly challenging, expanding, and redefining concepts related to the biocompatibility and safety of medical devices. New biomaterials, new products, and new testing regimes are being introduced to scientific research practices. In order to provide clinically predictive results and to ensure a high benefit–risk ratio for patients, we need to optimize material and implant characteristics, and to adapt performance and safety evaluation practices for these innovative medical devices. Various characteristics related to materials and implant development such as raw materials composition, implant surface morphology, design, geometry, porosity, and mechanical properties need to be thoroughly characterized before evaluating the biological performance of implants. Furthermore, with the increase of regulatory demands, biological evaluation needs to ensure appropriate models and methods for each implant development stage. This book is a result of the Special Issue of Materials on "Biomaterials and Implant Biocompatibility”, which focused on the recent progress in development, material testing, and the biocompatibility and bioactivity evaluation of various materials including, but not limited to, bioceramics, biopolymers, biometals, composite materials, biomimetic materials, hybrid biomaterials, and drug/device combinations for implants and prostheses with medical applications spanning from soft to hard tissue regeneration. The book covers aspects ranging from investigations into material characterization to in vitro and in vivo testing for the assessment of biological performance of advanced, novel biomaterials and implants.

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth

Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth
  • Author : John Nicholson,Beata Czarnecka
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-01
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 9780081004944
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Summary : Materials for the Direct Restoration of Teeth focuses on the important role teeth play in our lives and how biomaterials scientists are ensuring that new dental materials are functional and esthetic. As research in the field is shifting away from traditional materials like metal, and towards more advanced materials, such as resins and ceramics, this book on the subject of modern materials for the direct repair of teeth provides readers with a comprehensive reference. The most pertinent modern dental materials and their properties and applications for the direct restoration of teeth are presented, along with case examples and guidance notes making this book an essential companion for materials scientists and clinicians. Provides comprehensive coverage of conventional and modern materials for direct restoration of teeth Includes guidance notes and case examples to support dental clinicians in decision-making Authored by a scientist and a clinician, the book provides a balanced and complete treatise of the subject

Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Ketul Popat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-11-22
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 1439801428
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Summary : Although nanotechnology applied to medicine has a potentially huge impact on drug delivery and tissue engineering, significant challenges need to be resolved before clinically viable nanomedicine or nanobiomedicine therapies will be available. Skillfully edited, with contributions from an expert panel of researchers, Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the use of nanotechnology for medical applications with a focus on its use for drug delivery and tissue engineering. It sheds light on the challenges facing the field and examines cutting-edge research that may provide solutions. Topics covered include: Patterning of biomimetic substrates with AFM lithography, primarily focusing on DPN Nanotemplating polymer melts Nanotechnology-based approaches in the treatment of injuries to tendons and ligaments Progress in the use of electrospinning processing techniques for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds for neural applications Nanotopography techniques for tissue-engineered scaffolds and the effects of nanotopography on cells and tissues Vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube surface structuring for optimization of Ti implants utilizing nanotechnology Applications originating from the harmony of nanotechnology to biological systems, especially for the regeneration in the nervous system Current understanding of the mechanisms by which cells sense nano-scale structure at the molecular level and how this understanding can be useful in developing novel antifouling materials While there are books available on tissue engineering and nanotechnology and others about regenerative medicine, most do not comprehensively cover applications of nanotechnology to both these areas. Focusing chiefly on drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine, the book uses an application-based approach to relate laboratory-based research to the development of technologies that can be readily adaptable to an industrial environment.

Materials and Devices for Bone Disorders

Materials and Devices for Bone Disorders
  • Author : Susmita Bose,Amit Bandyopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-03
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780128028032
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Summary : Materials for Bone Disorders is written by a cross-disciplinary team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians and bridges the gap between materials science and bone disorders, providing integrated coverage of biomaterials and their applications. The bioceramics, biopolymers, composites, and metallic materials used in the treatment of bone disorders are introduced, as are their interactions with cells, biomolecules, and body tissues. The main types of bone disorder and disease are covered including osteoporosis, spinal injury, load bearing joint diseases, bone cancer, and forms of cranio-maxillofacial disorders. Bone disorders are common across all ages. Various forms of bone disorders can change the lifestyle of otherwise normal and healthy people. With the development of novel materials, many forms of bone disorders are becoming manageable, allowing people to lead a fairly normal life. Specific consideration is given to areas where recent advances are enabling new treatments, such as the use of resorbable ceramics in bone tissue engineering and drug delivery, newer polymer-based implants in load-bearing contexts, and engineering biomaterials surfaces including modifying surface chemistry. Ethical and regulatory issues are also explored. Explores biomaterials for bone repair and related applications in orthopedics and dentistry in a clinical context Introduces biomaterials applications in the context of specific diseases, bone disorders, and theraputic contexts Includes input from a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians Covers the main types of bone disorder and disease including osteoporosis, spinal injury, load bearing joint diseases, bone cancer, and forms of cranio-maxillofacial disorders

Theory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale

Theory of Quantum Transport at Nanoscale
  • Author : Dmitry Ryndyk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-08
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9783319240886
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Summary : This book is an introduction to a rapidly developing field of modern theoretical physics – the theory of quantum transport at nanoscale. The theoretical methods considered in the book are in the basis of our understanding of charge, spin and heat transport in nanostructures and nanostructured materials and are widely used in nanoelectronics, molecular electronics, spin-dependent electronics (spintronics) and bio-electronics. The book is based on lectures for graduate and post-graduate students at the University of Regensburg and the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden). The first part is devoted to the basic concepts of quantum transport: Landauer-Büttiker method and matrix Green function formalism for coherent transport, Tunneling (Transfer) Hamiltonian and master equation methods for tunneling, Coulomb blockade, vibrons and polarons. The results in this part are obtained as possible without sophisticated techniques, such as nonequilibrium Green functions, which are considered in detail in the second part. A general introduction into the nonequilibrium Green function theory is given. The approach based on the equation-of-motion technique, as well as more sophisticated one based on the Dyson-Keldysh diagrammatic technique are presented. The main attention is paid to the theoretical methods able to describe the nonequilibrium (at finite voltage) electron transport through interacting nanosystems, specifically the correlation effects due to electron-electron and electron-vibron interactions.

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology
  • Author : P.A. Revell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-09
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781845694807
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Summary : Joint replacement has been one of the major successes of modern medicine. Its continued success depends on effective collaboration between clinicians and researchers across many different areas in science and medicine. This important book brings together the wide range of research in this area and its implications for clinical practice. The book sets the scene with introductory chapters on joint biomechanics and tribology, materials for joint replacement and their interactions with the body, and regulatory issues. Part two reviews the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design, bone cements and cementless fixation techniques, failure mechanisms and ways of predicting the lifetime of replacement joints. The third part of the book summarises research on how prosthetic joints interact with the body, including biological causes of joint failure, sterilisation techniques and the use of drug delivery systems to enhance joint replacement. The final group of chapters reviews key issues in replacing particular joints including the hip, knee, ankle, shoulder and elbow as well as developments in intervertebral disc and tempero-mandibular joint replacement technology. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Joint replacement technology is a standard reference for the engineering and materials scientific communities, as well as surgeons seeking the best treatment for their patients. Reviews joint biomechanics and tribology Considers the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design and bone cements Summarises research on prosthetic interaction with the body

Orthopedic Biomaterials

Orthopedic Biomaterials
  • Author : Bingyun Li,Thomas Webster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-22
  • Total pages :621
  • ISBN : 9783319736648
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Summary : This book covers the latest advances, applications, and challenges in orthopedic biomaterials. Topics covered include materials for orthopedic applications, including nanomaterials, biomimetic materials, calcium phosphates, polymers, biodegradable metals, bone grafts/implants, and biomaterial-mediated drug delivery. Absorbable orthopedic biomaterials and challenges related to orthopedic biomaterials are covered in detail. This is an ideal book for graduate and undergraduate students, researchers, and professionals working with orthopedic biomaterials and tissue engineering. This book also: Describes biodegradable metals for orthopedic applications, such as Zn-based medical implants Thoroughly covers various materials for orthopedic applications, including absorbable orthopedic biomaterials with a focus on polymers Details the state-of-the-art research on orthopedic nanomaterials and nanotechnology

Titanium Alloys

Titanium Alloys
  • Author : Jan Sieniawski,Waldemar Ziaja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-15
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9789535111108
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Summary : The book contains six chapters and covers topics dealing with biomedical applications of titanium alloys, surface treatment, relationships between microstructure and mechanical and technological properties, and the effect of radiation on the structure of the titanium alloys.

Titanium Dioxide

Titanium Dioxide
  • Author : Dongfang Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-27
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9781789233261
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Summary : Titanium dioxide is currently being used in many industrial products. It provides unique photocatalytic properties for water splitting and purification, bacterial inactivation, and organics degradation. It has also been widely used as the photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells and coatings for self-cleaning surfaces, biomedical implants, and nanomedicine. This book covers various aspects of titanium dioxide nanomaterials including their unique one-dimensional, two-dimensional, mesoporous, and hierarchical nanostructures and their synthetic methods such as sol-gel, hydrothermal, anodic oxidation, and electrophoretic deposition, as well as its key applications in environmental and energy sectors. Through these 24 chapters written by experts from the international scientific community, readers will have access to a comprehensive overview of the recent research and development findings on the titanium dioxide nanomaterials.

Biomanufacturing

Biomanufacturing
  • Author : Chander Prakash,Sunpreet Singh,Rupinder Singh,Seeram Ramakrishna,B. S. Pabla,Sanjeev Puri,M. S. Uddin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-20
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 9783030139513
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Summary : ​Current Trends in Biomanufacturing focuses on cutting-edge research regarding the design, fabrication, assembly, and measurement of bio-elements into structures, devices, and systems. The field of biomaterial and biomanufacturing is growing exponentially in order to meet the increasing demands of for artificial joints, organs and bone-fixation devices. Rapid advances in the biological sciences and engineering are leading to newer and viable resources, methods and techniques that may providing better quality of life and more affordable health care services. The book covers the broad aspects of biomanufacturing, including: synthesis of biomaterials; implant coating techniques; spark plasma sintering; microwave processing; and cladding, powder metallurgy and electrospinning. The contributors illustrate the recent trends of biomanufacturing, highlighting the important aspects of biomaterial synthesis, and their use as feedstock of fabrication technologies and their characterization, along with their clinical practices. Current Trends in Biomanufacturing updates researchers and scientists the novelties and techniques of the field, as it summarises numerous aspects of biomanufacturing, including synthesis of biomaterials, fabrication of biomedical structures, their in-vivo/ in-vitro, mechanical analysis and associated ISO standards.

Tribology

Tribology
  • Author : Jürgen Gegner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-22
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9789535111351
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Summary : As the subject of tribology comprises lubrication, friction and wear of contact components highly relevant to practical applications, it challenges scientists from chemistry, physics and materials engineering around the world on todays sophisticated experimental and theoretical foundation to complex interdisciplinary research. Recent results and developments are preferably presented and evaluated in the context of established knowledge. Consisting of eleven chapters divided into the four parts of Lubrication and Properties of Lubricants, Boundary Lubrication Applications, Testing and Modeling, and Sustainability of Tribosystems, this textbook therefore merges basic concepts with new findings and approaches. Tribology Fundamentals and Advancements, supported by competent authors, aims to convey current research trends in the light of the state of the art to students, scientists and practitioners and help them solve their problems.

Recent Advances in Biopolymers

Recent Advances in Biopolymers
  • Author : Farzana Khan Perveen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-09
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9789535122555
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Summary : This book contains 10 Chapters divided into three Sections. Section A covers synthesis of biopolymers. Lignocellulosic feedstock contains cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin, which are used for synthesis of biopolymers. Polymer-coated noble metal nanoparticles are used in nanobiomedicine and fundamental biomaterials. Section B describes applications of biopolymers in biomedical, antimicrobial, industrial, nanotechnology, laser-based thin films, and regenerative medicines. Section C is dedicated for advancement and engineering in biopolymers for personal protective garments, equipments, membrane separation processes, purifications, and new generation of high-performance biomaterials. A new numerical-cum-graphical method called TI2BioP (Topological Indices to BioPolymers) has been developed to estimate topological indices (TIs) from two-dimensional (2D) graphical approaches for the natural biopolymers DNA, RNA, and proteins.

Orthopedic Biomaterials

Orthopedic Biomaterials
  • Author : Bingyun Li,Thomas Webster
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-17
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9783319895420
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Summary : This book covers the latest progress in the biology and manufacturing of orthopedic biomaterials, as well as key industry perspectives. Topics covered include the development of biomaterial-based medical products for orthopedic applications, anti-infection technologies for orthopedic implants, additive manufacturing of orthopedic implants, and more. This is an ideal book for graduate students, researchers and professionals working with orthopedic biomaterials and tissue engineering. This book also: Provides an industry perspective on technologies to prevent orthopedic implant related infection Thoroughly covers how to modulate innate inflammatory reactions in the application of orthopedic biomaterials Details the state-of-the-art research on 3D printed porous bone constructs

Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science

Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science
  • Author : Shafiquzzaman Siddiquee,Melvin Gan Jet Hong,Md. Mizanur Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-07
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9783030454890
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Summary : Composite materials are formed when the combination of separate materials acquire new properties distinct from its components. They have a range of applications in fields such as mechanical and electrical engineering, food science and biomedicine and represent a fast-growing area of research. Composite Materials: Applications in Engineering, Biomedicine and Food Science provides an overview of current technologies and applications related to composite materials in these fields. Organized by discipline, the text encompasses a wide variety of composite materials, including polymer, ceramic, biomaterial, hydroxyapatite, nanofiber and green composites. Early chapters detail the enhanced mechanical, magnetic, dielectric properties of electrical and thermal conductive composite materials, which are essential in daily science. Subsequent chapters focus on filler or reinforcement materials, including carbon materials, hybrid materials and nanomaterials. Particular emphasis is placed on nanocomposite materials, as these have increasingly diverse field applications. Various manufacturing methods, such as the synthesis method and top-down/bottom-up manufacturing, are also discussed. Coverage of the recent progress, challenges and opportunities surrounding composite materials make this text a one-stop reference for engineers, scientists and researchers working in this exciting field.

Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering

Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering
  • Author : Cato T. Laurencin,Lakshmi S. Nair
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-16
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1420051830
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Summary : Nanofabrication gives us the ability to mimic biological structures with molecular level precision. Offering a natural progression of topics, Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering: The Scaffold provides a state-of-the-art account of groundbreaking research in this rapidly emerging area of biomedical engineering. Emphasizing the importance of scaffo

Host Response to Biomaterials

Host Response to Biomaterials
  • Author : Stephen F Badylak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-08
  • Total pages :460
  • ISBN : 9780128005002
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Summary : Host Response to Biomaterials: The Impact of Host Response on Biomaterial Selection explains the various categories of biomaterials and their significance for clinical applications, focusing on the host response to each biomaterial. It is one of the first books to connect immunology and biomaterials with regard to host response. The text also explores the role of the immune system in host response, and covers the regulatory environment for biomaterials, along with the benefits of synthetic versus natural biomaterials, and the transition from simple to complex biomaterial solutions. Fields covered include, but are not limited to, orthopaedic surgery, dentistry, general surgery, neurosurgery, urology, and regenerative medicine. Explains the various categories of biomaterials and their significance for clinical applications Contains a range of extensive coverage, including, but not limited to, orthopedic, surgery, dental, general surgery, neurosurgery, lower urinary tract, and regenerative medicine Includes regulations regarding combination devices

An Introduction to Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions

An Introduction to Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions
  • Author : Kay C. Dee,David A. Puleo,Rena Bizios
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-14
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780471461128
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Summary : An Introduction to Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions acquaintsan undergraduate audience with the fundamental biological processesthat influence these sophisticated, cutting-edge procedures.Chapters one through three provide more detail about themolecular-level events that happen at the tissue-implant interface,while chapters four through ten explore selected material,biological, and physiological consequences of these events. Theimportance of the body’s wound-healing response is emphasizedthroughout. Specific topics covered include:Structure andproperties of biomaterials Proteins Protein-surface interactions Blood-biomaterial interactions Inflammation and infection The immune system Biomaterial responses to implantation Biomaterial surface engineering Intimal hyperplasia and osseointegration as examples oftissue-biomaterial interactions The text also provides extensive coverage of the three pertinentinterfaces between the body and the biomaterial, between the bodyand the living cells, and between the cells and the biomaterialthat are critical in the development of tissue-engineered productsthat incorporate living cells within a biomaterial matrix. Idealfor a one-semester, biomedical engineering course, An Introductionto Tissue-Biomaterial Interactions provides a solid framework forunderstanding today’s and tomorrow’s implantablebiomedical devices.