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Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco-Efficient Construction
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,M V Diamanti,A Nazari,C Goran-Granqvist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 9780857098832
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Summary : As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-31
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 0857298925
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Summary : Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Eco-Efficient Concrete

Eco-Efficient Concrete
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,João Labrincha,V M John
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-04
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9780857098993
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Summary : Eco-efficient concrete is a comprehensive guide to the characteristics and environmental performance of key concrete types. Part one discusses the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete, before part two goes on to consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs). Concrete with non-reactive wastes is the focus of part three, including municipal solid waste incinerator (MSWI) concrete, and concrete with polymeric, construction and demolition wastes (CDW). An eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation is also reviewed, followed by an investigation in part four of future alternative binders and the use of nano and biotech in concrete production. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Eco-efficient concrete is a technical guide for all professionals, researchers and academics currently or potentially involved in the design, manufacture and use of eco-efficient concrete. The first part of the book examines the eco-efficiency and life cycle assessment of Portland cement concrete Chapters in the second part of the book consider concrete with supplementary cementitious materials, including properties and performance Reviews the eco-efficient approach to concrete carbonation

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency

Nano and Biotech Based Materials for Energy Building Efficiency
  • Author : F. Pacheco Torgal,Cinzia Buratti,S. Kalaiselvam,Claes-Göran Granqvist,Volodymyr Ivanov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-04
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9783319275055
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Summary : This book presents the current state of knowledge on nanomaterials and their use in buildings, ranging from glazing and vacuum insulation to PCM composites. It also discusses recent applications in organic photovoltaics, photo-bioreactors, bioplastics and foams, making it an exciting read while also providing copious references to current research and applications for those wanting to pursue possible future research directions. Derek Clements-Croome, Emeritus Professor in Architectural Engineering, University of Reading (From the Foreword) Demonstrating how higher energy efficiency in new and existing buildings can help reduce global greenhouse gas emissions, this book details the way in which new technologies, manufacturing processes and products can serve to abate emissions from the energy sector and offer a cost-effective means of improving competitiveness and drive employment. Maximizing reader insights into how nano and biotech materials – such as aerogel based plasters, thermochromic glazings and thermal energy adsorbing glass, amongst others – can provide high energy efficiency performance in buildings, it provides practitioners in the field with an important high-tech tool to tackle key challenges and is essential reading for civil engineers, architects, materials scientists and researchers in the area of the sustainability of the built environment.

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials

Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Serji Amirkhanian,Hao Wang,Erik Schlangen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-18
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780128189825
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Summary : Eco-efficient Pavement Construction Materials acquaints engineers with research findings on new eco-efficient pavement materials and how they can be incorporated into future pavements. Divided into three distinctive parts, the book emphasizes current research topics such as pavements with recycled waste, pavements for climate change mitigation, self-healing pavements, and pavements with energy harvesting potential. Part One considers techniques for recycling, Part Two reviews the contribution of pavements for climate change mitigation, including cool pavements, the development of new coatings for high albedo targets, and the design of pervious pavements. Finally, Part Three focuses on self-healing pavements, addressing novel materials and design and performance. Finally, the book discusses the case of pavements with energy harvesting potential, addressing different technologies on this field. Offers a clear and concise lifecycle assessment of asphalt pavement recycling for greenhouse gas emission with temporal aspects Applies key research trends to green the pavement industry Includes techniques for recycling waste materials, the design of cool pavements, self-healing mechanisms, and key steps in energy harvesting

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials

Biopolymers and Biotech Admixtures for Eco-Efficient Construction Materials
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Niranjan Karak,Henk Jonkers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-11
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9780081002094
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Summary : Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs

Eco-efficient Materials for Mitigating Building Cooling Needs
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Joao Labrincha,Luisa Cabeza,Claes Goeran Granqvist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-27
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 9781782424017
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Summary : Climate change is one of the most important environmental problems faced by Planet Earth. The majority of CO2 emissions come from burning fossil fuels for energy production and improvements in energy efficiency shows the greatest potential for any single strategy to abate global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the energy sector. Energy related emissions account for almost 80% of the EU's total greenhouse gas emissions. The building sector is the largest energy user responsible for about 40% of the EU’s total final energy consumption. In Europe the number of installed air conditioning systems has increased 500% over the last 20 years, but in that same period energy cooling needs have increased more than 20 times. The increase in energy cooling needs relates to the current higher living and working standards. In urban environments with low outdoor air quality (the general case) this means that in summer-time one cannot count on natural ventilation to reduce cooling needs. Do not forget the synergistic effect between heat waves and air pollution which means that outdoor air quality is worse in the summer aggravating cooling needs. Over the next few years this phenomenon will become much worse because more people will live in cities, more than 2 billion by 2050 and global warming will aggravate cooling needs. An overview of materials to lessen the impact of urban heat islands Excellent coverage of building materials to reduce air condtioning needs Innovative products discussed such as Thermo and Electrochromic materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials

Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials
  • Author : Mohd Shahir Liew,Phuong Nguyen-Tri,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Saeid Kakooei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-16
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780128178553
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Summary : Smart Nanoconcretes and Cement-Based Materials: Properties, Modelling and Applications explores the fundamental concepts and applications of smart nanoconcretes with self-healing, self-cleaning, photocatalytic, antibacterial, piezoelectrical, heating and conducting properties and how they are used in modern high-rise buildings, hydraulic engineering, highways, tunnels and bridges. This book is an important reference source for materials scientists and civil engineers who are looking to enhance the properties of smart nanomaterials to create stronger, more durable concrete. Explores the mechanisms through which active agents are released from nanocontainers inside concrete Shows how embedded smart nanosensors, including carbon cement-based smart sensors and micro/nano strain-sensors, are used to increase concrete performance Discusses the major challenges of integrating smart nanomaterials into concrete composites

Construction 4.0

Construction 4.0
  • Author : Marco Casini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-10-15
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 0128217979
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Summary : At the beginning of the 4th Industrial revolution, the advent of digitalization, innovative technologies and materials, and new construction techniques, have begun transforming the way that infrastructure, real estate and other built assets can be designed, constructed and operated in order to create a more attractive, energy efficient, comfortable, affordable, safe and sustainable built environment. Developments in materials and cutting-edge technologies, such as artificial intelligence, robotics, nanotechnology, 3D printing and biotechnology, have finally started to move the construction industry - traditionally reluctant to innovation and slow in adopting new technologies - towards a new era. Massive changes are occurring as a result of the possibilities created by big data and the Internet of Things, along with the technological advances which are driving down the cost of sensors, data storage and computer services. Construction 4.0: Advanced Materials, Technology and Tools for the New Era of the Construction presents a thorough review of developments in materials, emerging trends, cutting-edge technologies and strategies in the fields of smart building design, construction and operation providing the reader with a comprehensive guideline on how to exploit the new possibilities offered by the digital revolution. It will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, material scientists and civil engineers, undergraduate and graduate students, and other professionals working in the field of smart eco-efficient construction and cutting-edge technologies applied to construction. Features nanomaterials, bio-based materials, and recycled materials applied in the construction of buildings Analyzes the lifecycle of materials, buildings, and design and construction operations Covers new methodologies and construction processes Provides case studies on cutting-edge digital technology such as AI and machine learning applied to the construction sector Examines all aspects of sustainability, including end-of-life of buildings

Novel Approaches to Design Eco-friendly Materials Based on Natural Nanomaterials

Novel Approaches to Design Eco-friendly Materials Based on Natural Nanomaterials
  • Author : Aiqin Wang,Wenbo Wang,Hongfei Cheng,Chunhui Zhou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-12
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889459124
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Summary : Naturally available nanomaterials or those synthesized from natural resources become “new favorite” of material world due to their advantages of low cost, safety and environmental friendliness. They are honored as future “green materials” and widely used in fabricating various functional materials. Naturally available materials have been playing an increasingly important role in many fields such as environmental remediation, separation, catalysis, and polymer composites. This book collects latest research results on the new composites for environmental application, focusing on the study of fabricating functional composites using natural clay minerals. Naturally available materials or solid waste or minerals are good precursors for producing adsorbents. Composites based on sub-bituminous coal, lignite, and a blend of coal and Irvingia gabonensis seed shells, the Cl-type Mg-Al hydrotalcite (Cl-LDH), the hydroxyapatite decorated with carbon nanotube and Zirconium (Zr)-containing silica residue purification (ZSR-P) were proved to have good adsorption capability to Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions, antibiotic molecules, Cd(II), and fluoride, respectively. The nano-Mg(OH)2 loaded carbon cloth showed good separation effect for Eu(III), and the sodium-modified clinoptilolite showed good separation effect for CH4/N2 from coal bed gas. Also, natural nanoclay is an effective precursor for the preparation of inorganic-inorganic or organic-inorganic nano-hybrid materials. Using nano-kaolinite as a carrier, the inorganic-inorganic hybrid cobalt blue pigment with excellent color and stability can be obtained by surface co-precipitation and in-situ calcination crystallization process. The intercalation of 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin (AMC) molecules into the interlayer space of montmorillonite (MMT) can effectively inhibit fluorescence quenching and improve the detection effectiveness of Cr(VI) in water. The interlayer space of kaolinite can accommodate organic molecules to form an organic-inorganic hybrid composite. Natural clay minerals are also effective carriers for catalysts. Er3+:CeO2/palygorskite nanocomposites prepared by a facile precipitation method showed excellent desulfurization rate under visible light irradiation. The zero-valent iron-loaded nanoclays composite catalysts can degrade efficiently Rhodamine 6G (Rh 6G) under microwave irradiation. In addition, the polymer composites have been developed using natural palygorskite, montmorillonite nanosheets or silica nanoparticles as inorganic components, which are potential to be used in many fields such as packing, biomedicine, or rubber. With the increasing attention to clay minerals, research methods for the microstructure of clay minerals continue to receive attention. It is no doubt that natural materials have got a booming attention from researchers in mineralogy, materials science, chemistry, energy, biomedicine and other fields due to their advantages. However, there is still a long way to go to substitute traditional synthetic nanomaterials with natural ones, and there are still theoretical and technological limitation in the design and synthesis of new materials from natural materials. Related theoretical research and technological development require continuous exploration by researchers. This book has collected some recent advances in related research, and hopes to play a role in attracting more attention to the construction of functional materials from natural raw materials. It is also believed that through the unremitting efforts of all researchers, the dream of green materials and green preparation processes can be realized.

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

Sustainable Construction and Building Materials
  • Author : Bibhuti Bhusan Das,Narayanan Neithalath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-30
  • Total pages :906
  • ISBN : 9789811333170
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Summary : This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Sustainable Construction and Building Materials (ICSCBM 2018), and examines a range of durable, energy-efficient, and next-generation construction and building materials produced from industrial wastes and byproducts. The topics covered include alternative, eco-friendly construction and building materials, next-generation concretes, energy efficiency in construction, and sustainability in construction project management. The book also discusses various properties and performance attributes of modern-age concretes including their durability, workability, and carbon footprint. As such, it offers a valuable reference for beginners, researchers, and professionals interested in sustainable construction and allied fields.

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials

Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-09
  • Total pages :4252
  • ISBN : 9780128131961
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Renewable and Sustainable Materials provides a comprehensive overview, covering research and development on all aspects of renewable, recyclable and sustainable materials. The use of renewable and sustainable materials in building construction, the automotive sector, energy, textiles and others can create markets for agricultural products and additional revenue streams for farmers, as well as significantly reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, manufacturing energy requirements, manufacturing costs and waste. This book provides researchers, students and professionals in materials science and engineering with tactics and information as they face increasingly complex challenges around the development, selection and use of construction and manufacturing materials. Covers a broad range of topics not available elsewhere in one resource Arranged thematically for ease of navigation Discusses key features on processing, use, application and the environmental benefits of renewable and sustainable materials Contains a special focus on sustainability that will lead to the reduction of carbon emissions and enhance protection of the natural environment with regard to sustainable materials

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction

Bio-Based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-Efficient Construction
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Volodymyr Ivanov,Daniel C. W. Tsang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-02
  • Total pages :630
  • ISBN : 9780128194812
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Summary : Bio-based Materials and Biotechnologies for Eco-efficient Construction fills a gap in the published literature, discussing bio-based materials and biotechnologies that are crucial for a more sustainable construction industry. With comprehensive coverage and contributions from leading experts in the field, the book includes sections on Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for infrastructure applications, Bio-based materials and biotechnologies for building energy efficiency, and other applications, such as using biotechnology to reduce indoor air pollution, for water treatment, and in soil decontamination. The book will be an essential reference resource for academic researchers, civil engineers, contractors working in construction works, postgraduate students and other professionals.

Structural Design for Fire Safety

Structural Design for Fire Safety
  • Author : Andrew H. Buchanan,Anthony Kwabena Abu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-01-30
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : 9780470972892
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Summary : Structural Design for Fire Safety, 2nd edition Andrew H. Buchanan, University of Canterbury, New Zealand Anthony K. Abu, University of Canterbury, New Zealand A practical and informative guide to structural fire engineering This book presents a comprehensive overview of structural fire engineering. An update on the first edition, the book describes new developments in the past ten years, including advanced calculation methods and computer programs. Further additions include: calculation methods for membrane action in floor slabs exposed to fires; a chapter on composite steel-concrete construction; and case studies of structural collapses. The book begins with an introduction to fire safety in buildings, from fire growth and development to the devastating effects of severe fires on large building structures. Methods of calculating fire severity and fire resistance are then described in detail, together with both simple and advanced methods for assessing and designing for structural fire safety in buildings constructed from structural steel, reinforced concrete, or structural timber. Structural Design for Fire Safety, 2nd edition bridges the information gap between fire safety engineers, structural engineers and building officials, and it will be useful for many others including architects, code writers, building designers, and firefighters. Key features: • Updated references to current research, as well as new end-of-chapter questions and worked examples. •Authors experienced in teaching, researching, and applying structural fire engineering in real buildings. • A focus on basic principles rather than specific building code requirements, for an international audience. An essential guide for structural engineers who wish to improve their understanding of buildings exposed to severe fires and an ideal textbook for introductory or advanced courses in structural fire engineering.

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment

Nearly Zero Energy Building Refurbishment
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Marina Mistretta,Artūras Kaklauskas,Claes G. Granqvist,Luisa F. Cabeza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :658
  • ISBN : 9781447155232
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Summary : The recast of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) was adopted by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union on 19 May 2010. For new buildings, the recast fixes 2020 as the deadline for all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy” (and even sooner for public buildings – by the end of 2018). This book gives practitioner an important tool to tackle the challenges of building refurbishment towards nearly zero energy. This book is welcome at this time and sets the scene for professionals whether practitioners or researchers to learn more about how we can make whether old or new buildings more efficient and effective in terms of energy performance.

Nanotechnology in Construction

Nanotechnology in Construction
  • Author : Peter J M Bartos,John J Hughes,Pavel Trtik,Wenzhong Zhu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-31
  • Total pages :412
  • ISBN : 9781847551528
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Summary : The importance of nanotechnology related research and development has become recognised worldwide. Substantial public and private investment is now being ploughed into research and development in a number of industrial sectors, where nanotechnology has become established and has led to new commercial products. The construction industry, having major economic significance with nano-scale research and development which is only emerging, offers a wide scope for exploitation of nanotechnology. With international contributions from experts in the field, Nanotechnology in Construction amalgamates previously fragmented research and emerging trends. It reflects the inherent multi-disciplinary nature of nano-scale research in construction and contributions cover a wide spectrum, from highly scientific investigations to futuristic applications. The book is organised into four broad sections, the first reviews and analyses the prospects of exploitation of nanotechnology in construction, the second discusses novel tools and their capabilities, the final two sections show existing significant products where nanotechnology has been already been exploited or where product development is under-way. Nanotechnology in Construction will appeal to researchers already working in this field as well as those wishing to enter it. It will also inform governmental and other funding agencies of the most promising future directions and their related timescales. Practical applications are considered and explanations of the underlying basics are given, raising awareness and understanding of what nanotechnology can offer to construction professionals in general.

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures

Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Robert Melchers,Nele de Belie,Xianming Shi,Kim Van Tittelboom,Andres Saez Perez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-15
  • Total pages :632
  • ISBN : 9780081021828
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Summary : Eco-efficient Repair and Rehabilitation of Concrete Infrastructures provides an updated state-of-the-art review on eco-efficient repair and rehabilitation of concrete infrastructure. The first section focuses on deterioration assessment methods, and includes chapters on stress wave assessment, ground-penetrating radar, monitoring of corrosion, SHM using acoustic emission and optical fiber sensors. Other sections discuss the development and application of several new innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, including geopolymer concrete, sulfoaluminate cement-based concrete, engineered cementitious composites (ECC) based concrete, bacteria-based concrete, concrete with encapsulated polyurethane, and concrete with super absorbent polymer (SAPs), amongst other topics. Final sections focus on crucial design aspects, such as quality control, including lifecycle and cost analysis with several related case studies on repair and rehabilitation. The book will be an essential reference resource for materials scientists, civil and structural engineers, architects, structural designers and contractors working in the construction industry. Delivers the latest research findings with contributions from leading international experts Provides fully updated information on the European standard on materials for concrete repair (EN 1504) Includes an entire sections on the state-of-the-art in NDT, innovative repair and rehabilitation materials, as well as LCC and LCA information

Proceedings of CEE 2019

Proceedings of CEE 2019
  • Author : Zinoviy Blikharskyy,Piotr Koszelnik,Peter Mesaros
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-06
  • Total pages :577
  • ISBN : 9783030270117
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Summary : This book gathers the latest advances, innovations, and applications in the field of effective methods of calculation, resource-saving technologies and advanced materials in civil and environmental engineering, as presented by leading international researchers and engineers at the XVII International Scientific Conference Current Issues of Civil and Environmental Engineering “Lviv- Košice – Rzeszów”, held in Lviv, Ukraine on September 11-13, 2019. It covers highly diverse topics, including structural shaping and optimization; aspects of structural behavior and modeling; advanced analysis methods; experimental tests and numerical simulations; design codes, in particular Eurocodes and other national and regional limit state codes; and highway and bridges engineering. It also discusses modern architectural and structural solutions; innovative materials and products; durability and maintenance; fabrication and erection; sustainability in construction; renewable energy sources; heat, gas and water supply; ventilation and air-conditioning; ecological and energy-saving technologies, modern water-purification and treatment technologies; and the protection of water ecosystems. The contributions, which were selected by means of a rigorous international peer-review process, highlight numerous exciting ideas that will spur novel research directions and foster multidisciplinary collaborations.

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks

Eco-efficient Masonry Bricks and Blocks
  • Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,Paulo B. Lourenco,Joao Labrincha,P Chindaprasirt,S Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-27
  • Total pages :548
  • ISBN : 9781782423188
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Summary : Masonry walls constitute the interface between the building’s interior and the outdoor environment. Masonry walls are traditionally composed of fired-clay bricks (solid or perforated) or blocks (concrete or earth-based), but in the past (and even in the present) they were often associated as needing an extra special thermal and acoustical insulation layer. However, over more recent years investigations on thermal and acoustical features has led to the development of new improved bricks and blocks that no longer need these insulation layers. Traditional masonry units (fired-clay bricks, concrete or earth-based blocks) that don’t offer improved performance in terms of thermal and acoustical insulation are a symbol of a low-technology past, that are far removed from the demands of sustainable construction. This book provides an up-to-date state-of-the-art review on the eco-efficiency of masonry units, particular emphasis is placed on the design, properties, performance, durability and LCA of these materials. Since masonry units are also an excellent way to reuse bulk industrial waste the book will be important in the context of the Revised Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC which states that the minimum reuse and recycling targets for construction and demolition waste (CDW) should be at least 70% by 2020. On the 9th of March 2011 the European Union approved the Regulation (EU) 305/2011, known as the Construction Products Regulation (CPR) and it will be enforced after the 1st of July 2013. The future commercialization of construction materials in Europe makes their environmental assessment mandatory meaning that more information related to the environmental performance of building materials is much needed. Provides an authoritative guide to the eco-efficiency of masonry units Examines the reuse of waste materials Covers a range of materials including, clay, cement, earth and pumice

Sustainable Buildings

Sustainable Buildings
  • Author : Amjad Almusaed,Asaad Almssad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-18
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781789234022
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Summary : This book has been written to represent the efficient applications of sustainability upon building designs. The book intends to illustrate various techniques of action of sustainability on building conceptions. The book is divided into four parts and eight chapters. Part I "Introduction into Target Theme" includes a chapter with title "Introductory Chapter." It makes an overview of the meaning and the target of sustainable building and sustainable building material. Part II "Sustainable Building Design, Process, and Management" discusses many forms and concepts of sustainable building and includes three chapters. Part III "Sustainable Building by Using Energy Efficiency in Building Design" includes one chapter. Part IV "Sustainability in Building Materials: Study Cases" includes three chapters.

Green Nanotechnology

Green Nanotechnology
  • Author : Geoffrey B. Smith,Claes-Goran S. Granqvist
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-24
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 9781466502680
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Summary : A first step in developing a clean and sustainable future is to think differently about everyday products, in particular how they influence energy use. Green Nanotechnology: Solutions for Sustainability and Energy in the Built Environment explores the science and technology of tiny structures that have a huge potential to improve quality of life while simultaneously achieving reductions in the use of fossil fuels. This book examines energy flows in nature and how the optical properties of materials can be designed to harmonize with those flows. It then discusses the properties that can be achieved in real materials to take advantage of nature’s energy flows. The authors cohesively examine a number of topics, highlighting their applications and the significance of their nano features. They provide a cursory discussion of well-reviewed subjects such as nanostructured solar cells and turn their attention to timely topics such as methods for preventing excessive temperature and approaches to passive cooling. The book identifies key materials and elucidates how their properties can be understood in terms of contemporary materials physics and chemistry. It concludes with a detailed description of a scenario for future buildings that use much less energy while also providing better comfort. A valuable side effect of most nanotechnologies is that they inherently put us in closer touch with the natural world. With broad coverage of how nanoparticles impact energy use in the built environment, this book opens readers’ eyes to a fascinating vision of how technology and nanoscience can merge and lead to commodity-scale products that help preserve our planet.