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Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
  • Author : Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-12
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 9781856179461
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Summary : With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition
  • Author : E. Dendy Sloan, Jr.,Carolyn Koh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-09-07
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780849390784
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Summary : Hydrate research has expanded substantially over the past decade, resulting in more than 4,000 hydrate-related publications. Collating this vast amount of information into one source, Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases, Third Edition presents a thoroughly updated, authoritative, and comprehensive description of all major aspects of natural gas clathrate hydrates. What’s New in the Third Edition? This new edition of a bestseller offers updated information on the clathrate hydrate compounds discovered in the past decade, provides a balance between experimental and theoretical perspectives, and incorporates two software programs that can be downloaded from the CRC press website. It also presents case studies on low dosage hydrate inhibitor prevention and hydrate drilling in nature, phase equilibrium data and kinetic models, and descriptions of the paradigm change in flow assurance to risk management. Other new material discusses the paradigm transition from hydrate reservoir assessment to reservoir production and summarizes the in situ conditions for hydrates in the permafrost and oceans. With this modern account of clathrate hydrates, you will acquire a fresh perspective on both new and old theories and data, hopefully leading you to pursue exciting research directions and practical applications.

Chemical Additives for Gas Hydrates

Chemical Additives for Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Bhajan Lal,Omar Nashed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-01
  • Total pages :85
  • ISBN : 3030307506
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Summary : This book offers a straightforward, informative guide to the chemicals used for gas hydrate formation and inhibition, providing the reader with the latest information on the definition, structure, formation conditions, problems, and applications of gas hydrates. The authors review not only the inhibitors used to prevent or mitigate hydrate formation, but also the conditions under which it is necessary to form hydrates quickly, which require the use of promoters. Various promoters are discussed, including their specifications, functions, advantages and disadvantages. The possibility of using natural reservoirs of gas hydrate as an energy source is also considered. Lastly, due to the difficulty of conducting experiments that reflect all conditions and concentrations, the book presents a number of models that can predict the basic parameters in the presence of the chemicals. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to professionals working in this field in an industrial context, as well as to researchers, undergraduate and graduate students of chemical engineering.

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production

Flow Assurance Solids in Oil and Gas Production
  • Author : Jon Steinar Gudmundsson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-13
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 1351733168
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Summary : The precipitation and deposition of solids are a major challenge in the production of oil and gas. Flow assurance solids are formed because of unavoidable changes in temperature, pressure and composition of the oil-gas-water flowstream, from reservoir conditions to processing conditions. The advent of subsea production and the increased exploitation of heavy crudes have made flow assurance issues dominant in ensuring efficient and safe exploitation of hydrocarbon assets. Five troublesome flow assurance solids are described in the book: asphaltene, paraffin wax, natural gas hydrate, naphthenate and inorganic scale. These big-five solids are presented in stand-alone chapters. Each chapter is designed to be readable without clutter. Derivations of equations and descriptions of supporting details are given in several appendices. The book is intended for professional engineers and natural scientist working in E&P companies, engineering companies, service companies and specialized companies. An understanding of the big-five solids is required throughout the lifetime of oil and gas assets, from early development to abandonment. The technical, safety and environmental risks associated with deposition problems in near-wellbore formations, production tubing, wellhead equipment, flowlines and processing facilities, are relevant for decisions in the oil and gas industry and in outside regulatory and financial entities.

Natural Gas

Natural Gas
  • Author : James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-26
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 0128097744
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Summary : Natural Gas: A Basic Handbook, Second Edition provides the reader with a quick and accessible introduction to a fuel source/industry that is transforming the energy sector. Written at an introductory level, but still appropriate for engineers and other technical readers, this book provides an overview of natural gas as a fuel source, including its origins, properties and composition. Discussions include the production of natural gas from traditional and unconventional sources, the downstream aspects of the natural gas industry. including processing, storage, and transportation, and environmental issues and emission controls strategies. This book presents an ideal resource on the topic for engineers new to natural gas, for advisors and consultants in the natural gas industry, and for technical readers interested in learning more about this clean burning fuel source and how it is shaping the energy industry. Updated to include newer sources like shale gas Includes new discussions on natural gas hydrates and flow assurance Covers environmental issues Contain expanded coverage of liquefied natural gas (LNG)

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada
  • Author : Council of Canadian Academies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : 1926558022
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Summary :

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons
  • Author : Iu. F. Makogon,I︠U︡riĭ Fedorovich Makogon,Yuri F. Makogon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9780878147182
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Summary : Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Oil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production

Oil and Gas Production Handbook: An Introduction to Oil and Gas Production
  • Author : Havard Devold
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013*
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : 1105538648
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Summary :

Natural Gas Measurement Handbook

Natural Gas Measurement Handbook
  • Author : James E. Gallagher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-25
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : 0128000007
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Summary : This information-packed volume covers all aspects of natural gas measurement.

Unconventional Resources in India: The Way Ahead

Unconventional Resources in India: The Way Ahead
  • Author : Shivanjali Sharma,Amit Saxena,Neha Saxena
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-16
  • Total pages :82
  • ISBN : 3030214141
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Summary : This book addresses unconventional hydrocarbon resources in India and the prospects for their exploitation. Each chapter focuses on a particular unconventional resource, including gas hydrates, coal bed methane and shale, while the book as a whole takes into account the government’s projections concerning these resources. The book provides readers with essential information on the nation’s energy requirements, methods of exploiting its available unconventional resources, and their contribution to meeting India’s energy requirements. It also addresses the various geological conditions that are necessary for the exploration of these resources, and enables readers to understand the challenges that need to be overcome. Its logical, clearly structured chapters make the book an ideal starting point for readers interested in unconventional energy resources. It will especially benefit undergraduate and graduate students in the field of Energy Engineering, as well as academic researchers and industry professionals seeking an overview of the status quo of unconventional hydrocarbon resources in India.

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates

Nucleation of Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Nobuo Maeda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 3030518744
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Summary :

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing
  • Author : Alexandre Mendonça Teixeira,Lara de Oliveira Arinelli,José Luiz de Medeiros,Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 3319660748
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Summary : This book addresses several issues related to hydrate inhibition and monoethylene glycol (MEG) recovery units (MRUs) in offshore natural gas fields, from fundamentals to engineering aspects and from energy consumption assessment to advanced topics such as exergy analysis. The assessment of energy degradation in MRUs is critical in offshore rigs, and the topic of exergy theory has by no means been completely explored; it is still being developed. The book presents a comprehensive, yet concise, formulation for exergy flow and examines different approaches for the reference state of MEG and definition of the reference environment so as to obtain an effective exergy analysis with consistent results. It also provides new and useful information that has a great potential in the field of exergy analysis application by assessing energy degradation for three well-known MRU technologies on offshore rigs: the Traditional Atmospheric Distillation Process; the Full-Stream Process; and the Slip-Stream Process. The book then elucidates how the main design parameters impact the efficiency of MEG recovery units and offers insights into thermodynamic efficiency based on case studies of general distillation-based processes with sharp or not too sharp cut, providing ranges for expected values of efficiencies and enhancing a global comprehension of this subject. Since MEG recovery is an energy consuming process that invariably has to be conducted in a limited space and with limited power supply, the book is a valuable resource for those involved in design, engineering, economic evaluation and environmental evaluation of topside processing on offshore platforms for natural gas production.

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 1848828721
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Summary : Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Offshore Pipelines

Offshore Pipelines
  • Author : Tian Ran Lin, PhD,Boyun Guo,,Shanhong Song, Ph.D.,Ali Ghalambor, PhD,Jacob Chacko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-04-25
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 0080456901
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Summary : Offshore Pipelines covers the full scope of pipeline development from pipeline designing, installing, and testing to operating. It gathers the authors' experiences gained through years of designing, installing, testing, and operating submarine pipelines. The aim is to provide engineers and management personnel a guideline to achieve cost-effective management in their offshore and deepwater pipeline development and operations. The book is organized into three parts. Part I presents design practices used in developing submarine oil and gas pipelines and risers. Contents of this part include selection of pipe size, coating, and insulation. Part II provides guidelines for pipeline installations. It focuses on controlling bending stresses and pipe stability during laying pipelines. Part III deals with problems that occur during pipeline operations. Topics covered include pipeline testing and commissioning, flow assurance engineering, and pigging operations. This book is written primarily for new and experienced engineers and management personnel who work on oil and gas pipelines in offshore and deepwater. It can also be used as a reference for college students of undergraduate and graduate levels in Ocean Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Petroleum Engineering. * Pipeline design engineers will learn how to design low-cost pipelines allowing long-term operability and safety. * Pipeline operation engineers and management personnel will learn how to operate their pipeline systems in a cost effective manner. * Deepwater pipelining is a new technology developed in the past ten years and growing quickly.

Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Rudy Rogers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-24
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 0128025565
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Summary : Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Subsea Engineering Handbook

Subsea Engineering Handbook
  • Author : Yong Bai,Qiang Bai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :919
  • ISBN : 0123978041
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Summary : Subsea production systems, overview of subsea engineering, subsea field development, subsea distribution system.Flow assurance and system engineering. Susea structure and equiment. Subsea umbilical, risers and flowlines.

Ionic Liquids in Flow Assurance

Ionic Liquids in Flow Assurance
  • Author : Bhajan Lal,Ali Qasim,Azmi Mohammad Shariff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-13
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 9783030637521
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Summary : This book focuses on the application of ionic liquids in flow assurance in the oil and gas industry. It discusses their physiochemical properties, and considers the role of ionic liquids as gas hydrate inhibitors in offshore pipelines. Gas hydrate occurrence can pose a major threat to pipeline integrity. Therefore, different categories of gas hydrate inhibitors and the main factors influencing ionic liquids during gas hydrate inhibition are examined thoroughly. The use of ionic liquids as corrosion inhibitors, their application in flow assurance industry to mitigate corrosion, and factors affecting their performance are discussed. Finally, the applications of ionic liquids in wax, scale and asphaltenes deposition control is explored. The extensive discussion of ionic liquids in flow assurance mean that this book will be of use to researchers, engineers, and industry professionals in upstream processing of the oil and gas sector.

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing

Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing
  • Author : Saeid Mokhatab,William A. Poe,James G. Speight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-01
  • Total pages :672
  • ISBN : 9780080466972
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Summary : Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing gives engineers and managers complete coverage of natural gas transmission and processing in the most rapidly growing sector to the petroleum industry. The authors provide a unique discussion of new technologies that are energy efficient and environmentally appealing at the same time. It is an invaluable reference on natural gas engineering and the latest techniques for all engineers and managers moving to natural gas processing as well as those currently working on natural gas projects. Provides practicing engineers critical information on all aspects of gas gathering, processing and transmission First book that treats multiphase flow transmission in great detail Examines natural gas energy costs and pricing with the aim of delivering on the goals of efficiency, quality and profit

Asphaltene Deposition

Asphaltene Deposition
  • Author : Francisco M. Vargas,Mohammad Tavakkoli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-16
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 1351977318
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Summary : As global consumption of fossil fuels such as oil increases, previously abundant sources have become depleted or plagued with obstructions. Asphaltene deposition is one of such obstructions which can significantly decrease the rate of oil production. This book offers concise yet thorough coverage of the complex problem of asphaltene precipitation and deposition in oil production. It covers fundamentals of chemistry, stabilization theories and mechanistic approaches of asphaltene behavior at high temperature and pressure. Asphaltene Deposition: Fundamentals, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation explains techniques for experimental determination of asphaltene precipitation and deposition and different modeling tools available to forecast the occurrence and magnitude of asphaltene deposition in a given oil field. It discusses strategies for mitigation of asphaltene deposition using chemical inhibition and corresponding challenges, best practices for asphaltene remediation, current research, and case studies.

Proceedings of the 3rd International Gas Processing Symposium

Proceedings of the 3rd International Gas Processing Symposium
  • Author : Abdelwahab Aroussi,Farid Benyahia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : 0444594965
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Summary : Proceedings of the 3rd International Gas ProcessingSymposium; CopyrightPage; List of Contents; Preface; International Technical Committee Members (Reviewers); Exercising the Option of CO2 Slippage to Mitigate Acid Gas Flaring During SRU Expansion Bellow Failure; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Methodology to minimize Acid Gas Flaring; 3. Conclusion; Flare Reduction Options and Simulation for the Qatari Oil and Gas Industry; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Ethylene process overview; 3. Flare Reduction -- Industrial Case Study; 4. Result and discussion; 5. Conclusions; 6. Acknowledgment7. ReferencesReview of Cooling Water Discharge Simulation Models; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Model Comparison; 3. Conclusions; References; Combining post-combustion CO2 capture with CO2 utilization; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. Carbon capture; 3. Carbon dioxide disposal and utilization; 4. Conclusions; References; Step Change Adsorbents and Processes for CO2 Capture "STEPCAP; Abstract; 1. Introduction; 2. ...

Natural Gas Processing

Natural Gas Processing
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-05
  • Total pages :896
  • ISBN : 0124202047
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Summary : Natural gas is considered the dominant worldwide bridge between fossil fuels of today and future resources of tomorrow. Thanks to the recent shale boom in North America, natural gas is in a surplus and quickly becoming a major international commodity. Stay current with conventional and now unconventional gas standards and procedures with Natural Gas Processing: Technology and Engineering Design. Covering the entire natural gas process, Bahadori's must-have handbook provides everything you need to know about natural gas, including: Fundamental background on natural gas properties and single/multiphase flow factors How to pinpoint equipment selection criteria, such as US and international standards, codes, and critical design considerations A step-by-step simplification of the major gas processing procedures, like sweetening, dehydration, and sulfur recovery Detailed explanation on plant engineering and design steps for natural gas projects, helping managers and contractors understand how to schedule, plan, and manage a safe and efficient processing plant Covers both conventional and unconventional gas resources such as coal bed methane and shale gas Bridges natural gas processing with basic and advanced engineering design of natural gas projects including real world case studies Digs deeper with practical equipment sizing calculations for flare systems, safety relief valves, and control valves