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Natural Hazards and Disaster Justice

Natural Hazards and Disaster Justice
  • Author : Anna Lukasiewicz,Claudia Baldwin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-24
  • Total pages :368
  • ISBN : 9789811504662
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Summary : This book explores policy, legal, and practice implications regarding the emerging field of disaster justice, using case studies of floods, bushfires, heatwaves, and earthquakes in Australia and Southern and South-east Asia. It reveals geographic locational and social disadvantage and structural inequities that lead to increased risk and vulnerability to disaster, and which impact ability to recover post-disaster. Written by multidisciplinary disaster researchers, the book addresses all stages of the disaster management cycle, demonstrating or recommending just approaches to preparation, response and recovery. It notably reveals how procedural, distributional and interactional aspects of justice enhance resilience, and offers a cutting edge analysis of disaster justice for managers, policy makers, researchers in justice, climate change or emergency management.

Exploring Natural Hazards

Exploring Natural Hazards
  • Author : Darius Bartlett,Ramesh Singh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-09
  • Total pages :358
  • ISBN : 9781351681230
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Summary : The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030 has identified four priority areas for Disaster Risk Reduction: understanding disaster risk; strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk; investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience and enhancing disaster preparedness for effective response; and to "Build Back Better" in recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction. Although tremendous progress has been made in recent decades in understanding the workings of the Earth systems and, in particular, its impacts on and responses to human actions, there remains a continuing and pressing need for knowledge that will allow society to simultaneously reduce exposure to global environmental hazards, while also meeting economic development goals. Exploring Natural Hazards: A Case Study Approach, contributes to the knowledge showcasing advanced practices for the monitoring of natural hazards. Through each case study, the book examines mainly hazards arising from processes within the hydrosphere and atmosphere, triggered or exacerbated by inputs to and transfers of energy between environmental components. It discusses the causes of these phenomena, and ways in which improved policy making, sometimes coupled with the application of appropriate modern technologies, can help to reduce people’s exposure to harm. Discussing challenges, lessons learned and recommendations, this book provides a snapshot of issues related to tropical cyclones and typhoons, desertification, floods, lightning as a hazard and the need for alert systems. It is a valuable resource for practitioners and professionals alike, for researchers, students and others who work at the intersection between environmental hazards, sustainable development and social justice.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
  • Author : Ramesh Singh,Darius Bartlett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-22
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9781351681193
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Summary : Over the years, the interactions between land, ocean, biosphere and atmosphere have increased, mainly due to population growth and anthropogenic activities, which have impacted the climate and weather conditions at local, regional and global scales. Thus, natural hazards related to climate changes have significantly impacted human life and health on different spatio-temporal scales and with socioeconomic bearings. To monitor and analyze natural hazards, satellite data have been widely used in recent years by many developed and developing countries. In an effort to better understand and characterize the various underlying processes influencing natural hazards, and to carry out related impact assessments, Natural Hazards: Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Landslides, presents a synthesis of what leading scientists and other professionals know about the impacts and the challenges when coping with climate change. Combining reviews of theories and methods with analysis of case studies, the book gives readers research information and analyses on satellite geophysical data, radar imaging and integrated approaches. It focuses also on dust storms, coastal subsidence and remote sensing mapping. Some case studies explore the roles of remote sensing related to landslides and volcanoes. Overall, improved understanding of the processes leading to these hazardous events will help scientists predict their occurrence. Features Provides information on the physics and physical processes of natural hazards, their monitoring and the mapping of damages associated with these hazards Explains how natural hazards are strongly associated with coupling between land–ocean–atmosphere Includes a comprehensive overview of the role of remote sensing in natural hazards worldwide Examines risk assessment in urban areas through numerical modelling and geoinformation technologies Demonstrates how data analysis can be used to aid in prediction and management of natural hazards

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
  • Author : Edward A. Keller,Duane E. DeVecchio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-07
  • Total pages :574
  • ISBN : 9781315508689
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Summary : Natural Hazards: Earth Processes as Hazards, Disasters and Catastrophes, Fourth Edition, is an introductory-level survey intended for university and college courses that are concerned with earth processes that have direct, and often sudden and violent, impacts on human society. The text integrates principles of geology, hydrology, meteorology, climatology, oceanography, soil science, ecology and solar system astronomy. The book is designed for a course in natural hazards for non-science majors, and a primary goal of the text is to assist instructors in guiding students who may have little background in science to understand physical earth processes as natural hazards and their consequences to society. Natural Hazards uses historical to recent examples of hazards and disasters to explore how and why they happen and what we can do to limit their effects. The text's up-to-date coverage of recent disasters brings a fresh perspective to the material. The Fourth Edition continues our new active learning approach that includes reinforcement of learning objective with a fully updated visual program and pedagogical tools that highlight fundamental concepts of the text. This program will provide an interactive and engaging learning experience for your students. Here's how: Provide a balanced approach to the study of natural hazards: Focus on the basic earth science of hazards as well as roles of human processes and effects on our planet in a broader, more balanced approach to the study of natural hazards. Enhance understanding and comprehension of natural hazards: Newly revised stories and case studies give students a behind the scenes glimpse into how hazards are evaluated from a scientific and human perspective; the stories of real people who survive natural hazards, and the lives and research of professionals who have contributed significantly to the research of hazardous events. Strong pedagogical tools reinforce the text's core features: Chapter structure and design organizes the material into three major sections to help students learn, digest, and review learning objectives.

At Risk

At Risk
  • Author : Ben Wisner,Piers M. Blaikie,Terry Cannon,Ian Davis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :471
  • ISBN : 9780415252164
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Summary : Examines the significance of the human factor which is as much of a cause of disasters as the natural environment. Practical and policy conclusions are drawn with a view to disaster reduction and the promotion of safer environments.

Natural Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability

Natural Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability
  • Author : Roanne van Voorst
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-05
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9781317506928
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Summary : Different people handle risk in different ways. The current lack of understanding about this heterogeneity in risk behaviour makes it difficult to intervene effectively in risk-prone communities. Natural Hazards, Risk and Vulnerability offers a unique insight in the everyday life of a group of riverbank settlers in Jakarta - one of the most vulnerable areas worldwide in terms of exposure to natural hazards. Based on long-term fieldwork, the book portrays the often creative and innovative ways in which slum dwellers cope with recurrent floods. The book shows that behaviour that is often described as irrational or ineffective by outside experts can be highly pragmatic and often effective. This book argues that human risk behaviour cannot be explained by the risk itself, but instead by seemingly unrelated factors such as trust in authorities and aid-institutions and unequal power structures. By considering a risk as a lens that exposes these factors, a completely new type of analysis is proposed that offers useful insights for everyone concerned about how people cope with the currently increasing amount of natural hazard. This is a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policy makers in the areas of risk studies, disaster and natural hazard, urban studies, anthropology, development, Southeast Asian studies and Indonesia studies.

Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards

Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards
  • Author : Peter T Bobrowsky
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-03
  • Total pages :1135
  • ISBN : 9048186994
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Summary : Few subjects have caught the attention of the entire world as much as those dealing with natural hazards. The first decade of this new millennium provides a litany of tragic examples of various hazards that turned into disasters affecting millions of individuals around the globe. The human losses (some 225,000 people) associated with the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the economic costs (approximately 200 billion USD) of the 2011 Tohoku Japan earthquake, tsunami and reactor event, and the collective social impacts of human tragedies experienced during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 all provide repetitive reminders that we humans are temporary guests occupying a very active and angry planet. Any examples may have been cited here to stress the point that natural events on Earth may, and often do, lead to disasters and catastrophes when humans place themselves into situations of high risk. Few subjects share the true interdisciplinary dependency that characterizes the field of natural hazards. From geology and geophysics to engineering and emergency response to social psychology and economics, the study of natural hazards draws input from an impressive suite of unique and previously independent specializations. Natural hazards provide a common platform to reduce disciplinary boundaries and facilitate a beneficial synergy in the provision of timely and useful information and action on this critical subject matter. As social norms change regarding the concept of acceptable risk and human migration leads to an explosion in the number of megacities, coastal over-crowding and unmanaged habitation in precarious environments such as mountainous slopes, the vulnerability of people and their susceptibility to natural hazards increases dramatically. Coupled with the concerns of changing climates, escalating recovery costs, a growing divergence between more developed and less developed countries, the subject of natural hazards remains on the forefront of issues that affect all people, nations, and environments all the time. This treatise provides a compendium of critical, timely and very detailed information and essential facts regarding the basic attributes of natural hazards and concomitant disasters. The Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards effectively captures and integrates contributions from an international portfolio of almost 300 specialists whose range of expertise addresses over 330 topics pertinent to the field of natural hazards. Disciplinary barriers are overcome in this comprehensive treatment of the subject matter. Clear illustrations and numerous color images enhance the primary aim to communicate and educate. The inclusion of a series of unique “classic case study” events interspersed throughout the volume provides tangible examples linking concepts, issues, outcomes and solutions. These case studies illustrate different but notable recent, historic and prehistoric events that have shaped the world as we now know it. They provide excellent focal points linking the remaining terms in the volume to the primary field of study. This Encyclopedia of Natural Hazards will remain a standard reference of choice for many years.

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards

Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards
  • Author : Jörn Birkmann,Stefan Kienberger,David Alexander
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-12
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9780124105485
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Summary : Assessment of Vulnerability to Natural Hazards covers the vulnerability of human and environmental systems to climate change and eight natural hazards: earthquakes, floods, landslides, avalanches, forest fires, drought, coastal erosion, and heat waves. This book is an important contribution to the field, clarifying terms and investigating the nature of vulnerability to hazards in general and in various specific European contexts. In addition, this book helps improve understanding of vulnerability and gives thorough methodologies for investigating situations in which people and their environments are vulnerable to hazards. With case studies taken from across Europe, the underlying theoretical frame is transferrable to other geographical contexts, making the content relevant worldwide. Provides a framework of theory and methodology designed to help researchers and practitioners understand the phenomenon of vulnerability to natural hazards and disasters and to climate change Contains case studies that illustrate how to apply the methodology in different ways to diverse hazards in varied settings (rural, urban, coastal, mountain, and more) Describes how to validate the results of methodology application in different situations and how to respond to the needs of diverse groups of stakeholders represented by the public and private sectors, civil society, researchers, and academics

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research

Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research
  • Author : Fernando I. Rivera
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :454
  • ISBN : 9780128162651
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Summary : Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research provides a synthesis of the most pressing issues in natural hazards research by new professionals. The book begins with an overview of emerging research on natural hazards, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, wildfires, sea-level rise, global warming, climate change, and tornadoes, among others. Remaining sections include topics such as socially vulnerable populations and the cycles of emergency management. Emerging Voices in Natural Hazards Research is intended to serve as a consolidated resource for academics, students, and researchers to learn about the most pressing issues in natural hazard research today. Provides a platform for readers to keep up-to-date with the interdisciplinary research that new professionals are producing Covers the multidisciplinary perspectives of the hazards and disasters field Includes international perspectives from new professionals around the world, including developing countries

Natural Hazards: Earth's Processes as Hazards, Disasters, and Catastrophes (4th Edition)

Natural Hazards: Earth's Processes as Hazards, Disasters, and Catastrophes (4th Edition)
  • Author : Edward Keller,Duane DeVecchio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-05-20
  • Total pages :575
  • ISBN : 9780321958051
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Summary :

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
  • Author : Graham A. Tobin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-03-28
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 1572300620
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Summary : Adopting an integrated approach to natural hazards that incorporates facets of both the physical and social sciences, this text examines how different societies have responded to such extremes of nature. The authors bring together the behavioural, political, psychological and economic approaches, leading to increased comprehension of a range of natural hazards, rather than a detailed analysis of particular events or hazard categories.

Natural Hazards and Disasters

Natural Hazards and Disasters
  • Author : Donald Hyndman,David Hyndman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781305888180
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Summary : NATURAL HAZARDS AND DISASTERS, 5e provides easy-to-understand coverage of the geological processes that underlie disasters, explores the impact these processes have on humans and vice versa, and analyzes strategies for mitigating these hazards’ physical and financial harm. From timely information on recent natural disasters in the United States and around the world to insights on earthquakes associated with fracking, this fascinating book provides the up-to-date information you need to analyze potential hazards and take the steps necessary to survive a natural disaster. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
  • Author : Simon Ross
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 0748739513
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Summary : Focusing on natural hazards, this is part of an A-Level Geography series which presents a wide range of detailed case studies. Students are helped to progress from GCSE and Standard Grade within each topic book as they work through the questions that appear at regular intervals, and the enquiry activities at the end of each chapter. The series also offers separate books on study advice and skills development, as well as exam support. Question banks focus on the deveopment of core skills and are designed to help in the construction of essays.

Natural Hazards in El Salvador

Natural Hazards in El Salvador
  • Author : William Ingersoll Rose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :502
  • ISBN : 0813723752
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Summary :

Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management

Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Emergency Management
  • Author : George Haddow,Jane A. Bullock,Kim Haddow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-21
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 1420081861
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Summary : Scientists predict the earth is facing 40-to-60 years of climate change, even if emissions of carbon dioxide and other global warming gases stopped today. One inevitable consequence of the greenhouse gases already in the atmosphere will be an increase in the frequency and severity of natural disaster events. Global Warming, Natural Hazards, and Eme

Natural Hazards

Natural Hazards
  • Author : Gerassimos A. Papadopoulos,Tad S. Murty,Srinivasan Venkatesh,R. Blong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-14
  • Total pages :297
  • ISBN : 9789401723862
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Summary : This special volume contains a selection of papers that were presented as part of the Seventh International Symposium on Natural and Man-Made Hazards (HAZARDS-98), held in Chania, Crete Island, Greece, during May 1998. The Symposium attracted broad international interest because many cases of natural disaster events, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, storm surges, forest fires, etc., that occurred in several parts of the world during the 1990s were presented not only for their physics but also from the point of view of their impact on society and their environmental consequences. Among these cases are the 1997 Red River Valley flood in Canada and the large earthquake of 18 November 1997, in Zakynthos, Greece. In addition, the volume contains contributions that apply advanced statistical methods and artificial intelligence techniques, such as GIS, and systems analysis to approach the description of physical processes, the discrimination of experimental data and the assessment and management of risk. Audience: This volume forms an excellent reference for scientists, students, engineers, the insurance industry, authorities specializing in public safety and natural hazards preparedness and mitigation plans.

Fractal Analysis for Natural Hazards

Fractal Analysis for Natural Hazards
  • Author : Giuseppe Cello,Bruce D. Malamud
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 1862392013
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Summary : In the Earth Sciences, the concept of fractals and scale invariance is well-recognized in many natural objects. However, the use of fractals for spatial and temporal analyses of natural hazards has been less used (and accepted) in the Earth Sciences. This book brings together twelve contributions that emphasize the role of fractal analyses in natural hazard research, including landslides, wildfires, floods, catastrophic rock fractures and earthquakes. A wide variety of spatial and temporal fractal-related approaches and techniques are applied to 'natural' data, experimental data, and computer simulations. These approaches include probabilistic hazard analysis, cellular-automata models, spatial analyses, temporal variability, prediction, and self-organizing behaviour. The main aims of this volume are to present current research on fractal analyses as applied to natural hazards, and to stimulate the curiosity of advanced Earth Science students and researchers in the use of fractals analyses for the better understanding of natural hazards.

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada

An Assessment of Natural Hazards and Disasters in Canada
  • Author : David Etkin,C.E. Haque,Gregory R. Brooks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-04-30
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 1402011792
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Summary : The problems and issues of natural hazards and disasters, both globally and in Canada, are becoming increasingly important since the costs of extreme natural events have been escalating, and significant vulnerabilities exist in Canadian society. Without thoughtful and effective mitigation, these costs and human suffering are likely to continue to increase. An assessment of knowledge, research, and practice in risk, hazards and disasters fields is a fundamental step towards the goal of prevention and mitigation. This book on natural hazards and disasters in Canada is the first comprehensive interdisciplinary publication on this subject, and is the result of a national assessment on this topic. A variety of papers from the physical and social sciences explores both the risks associated with these hazards, and adaptive strategies that can be used to reduce those risks. Audience: This excellent collection of papers is intended for academics, professionals and practitioners involved in hazard reduction activities who wish to obtain a better understanding of Canadian natural hazards.

Applied Geology

Applied Geology
  • Author : Marina De Maio,Ashwani Kumar Tiwari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-09
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9783030439538
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Summary : This book includes a careful selection of significant contributions from international experts that were presented at the 6th AIGA Conference “Applied Geology: Approaches to Future Resource Management” that was held in the Courmayeur, Aosta Valley, Italy, from 27 - 29 June 2018. The following 7 areas are the main themes covered in this volume: · Applied Geology · Hydrogeology · Geological Exploration (underground) · Slope Instability, · Natural Hazards, Risk Assessment and Management, · Geo-resources and Sustainable Development · Application of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) The authors, from academia, research and industry present the latest state of the practice, new technologies, innovative methods and sustainable management in the field of Applied and Environmental Geology. This carefully edited work will be of value to academia, professionals, scientists and decision makers.

Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) for Natural Hazards

Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA) for Natural Hazards
  • Author : Nasim Uddin,Alfredo Hua-Sing Ang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :87
  • ISBN : 0784411530
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Summary : CDRM 5 explains the the practical aspects of using quantitative risk assessment (QRA) to develop optimal engineering designs that mitigate the effects of natural hazards, especially on civil infrastructure.

Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards

Bioclimatology and Natural Hazards
  • Author : Katarína Strelcová,Csaba Matyas,Axel Kleidon,Milan Lapin,František Matejka,Miroslav Blazenec,Jaroslav Škvarenina,Jan Holecy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-11-30
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9781402088766
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Summary : Anthropogenic influences to the earth's system, including the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, cryosphere and lithosphere, represent a serious challenge to our planet's ecosystems and natural environments. Bioclimatology, hydrology, bio-hydrology and eco-physiology are important scientific research areas with wide application to environmental protection, forestry, agriculture and water management, and protection against natural hazards including droughts, floods, windstorms, weather extremes, and wild fires. Bioclimatology helps to better understand the causes and impacts of natural hazards and how to prevent them. Improved knowledge of natural hazards is a vital prerequisite for the implementation of integrated resource management. It provides a useful framework for combating current climate variability and for adapting to ongoing climate change. This book presents research on the interactions between meteorological, climatological, hydrological and biological processes in the atmospheric and terrestrial environment. It highlights a spectrum of topics associated with climate change and weather extremes and their impact on different economic sectors. The contributing authors come from renowned scientific research institutions and universities and specialise in issues of climate change, soil-plant-atmosphere interactions, hydrologic cycle, ecosystems, biosphere, and natural hazards.