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Natural Organic Matter in Water

Natural Organic Matter in Water
  • Author : Mika Sillanpää
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-07
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128017197
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Summary : Approximately 77 percent of the freshwater used in the United States comes from surface-water sources and is subject to natural organic matter contamination according to the United States Geological Survey. This presents a distinct challenge to water treatment engineers. An essential resource to the latest breakthroughs in the characterization, treatment and removal of natural organic matter (NOM) from drinking water, Natural Organic Matter in Waters: Characterization and Treatment Methods focuses on advance filtration and treatment options, and processes for reducing disinfection byproducts. Based on the author’s years of research and field experience, this book begins with the characterization of NOM including: general parameters, isolation and concentration, fractionation, composition and structural analysis and biological testing. This is followed by removal methods such as inorganic coagulants, polyelectrolytes and composite coagulants. Electrochemical and membranes removal methods such as: electrocoagulation, electrochemical oxidation, microfiltration and ultrafiltration, nanofiltration and membrane fouling. Covers conventional as well as advanced NOM removal methods Includes characterization methods of NOM Explains removal methods such as: removal by coagulation, electrochemical, advanced oxidation, and integrated methods

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water

Characterization of Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water
  • Author : Jean-Phillipe Croue,Gregory V. Korshin,Mark M. Benjamin,AWWA Research Foundation
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 9781583210154
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Summary :

Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water

Natural Organic Matter in Drinking Water
  • Author : Billy H. Kornegay,Keith J. Kornegay,Evelyn Torres,AWWA Research Foundation
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :143
  • ISBN : 9781583210321
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Summary :

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter

Photobiogeochemistry of Organic Matter
  • Author : Khan M.G. Mostofa,Takahito Yoshioka,Abdul Mottaleb,Davide Vione
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-15
  • Total pages :917
  • ISBN : 9783642322235
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Summary : Photoinduced processes, caused by natural sunlight, are key functions for sustaining all living organisms through production and transformation of organic matter (OM) in the biosphere. Production of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) from OM is a primary step of photoinduced processes, because H2O2 acts as strong reductant and oxidant. It is potentially important in many aquatic reactions, also in association with photosynthesis. Allochthonous and autochthonous dissolved organic matter (DOM) can be involved into several photoinduced or biological processes. DOM subsequently undergoes several physical, chemical, photoinduced and biological processes, which can be affected by global warming. This book is uniquely structured to overview some vital issues, such as: DOM; H2O2 and ROOH; HO•; Degradation of DOM; CDOM, FDOM; Photosynthesis; Chlorophyll; Metal complexation, and Global warming, as well as their mutual interrelationships, based on updated scientific results.

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment

Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment
  • Author : Jianming Xu,Jianjun Wu,Yan He
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-15
  • Total pages :1149
  • ISBN : 9789400756342
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Summary : Functions of Natural Organic Matter in Changing Environment presents contributions from the 16th Meeting of the International Humic Substances Society (IHSS 16) held in Hangzhou, China on September 9-14, 2012. It provides a comprehensive and updated research advance in the field of characterization, function, application of humic substances (HS) and natural organic matter (NOM) in environment, agriculture, and industry. A broad range of topics are covered: i) formation, structure and characteristics of HS and NOM; ii) HS/NOM and carbon sequestration; iii) HS/NOM and biogeochemical cycling of nutrients; iv) HS/NOM and the environmental processes of toxic elements and anthropogenic organics; v) HS/NOM, naturally occurring and engineered nanoparticles; vi) HS/NOM, biodiversity and ecosystem health; vii) HS/NOM in water and water treatment; viii) characterization and function of biochar in the environment; and ix) industrial products and application of HS. The book will be an invaluable reference for chemists, biologists, environmental scientists, ecologists, soil scientists, water scientists, agronomists, global change researchers and policy makers. Jianming Xu is Professor and Director at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Jianjun Wu is Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China. Yan He is Associate Professor at the Institute of Soil and Water Resources and Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China.

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment

Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment
  • Author : Gayle Newcombe,David Dixon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-09-06
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 0080530516
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Summary : It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309037419
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Summary : Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Natural Organic Matter and Disinfection By-products Characterization and Control in Drinking Water

Natural Organic Matter and Disinfection By-products Characterization and Control in Drinking Water
  • Author : Sylvia E. Barrett,Stuart W. Krasner,Gary L. Amy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :425
  • ISBN : UOM:39015050118408
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Summary : There are many by-products of water disinfection that are still not fully understood and can be potentially harmful. In this volume all the current research in this area is discussed, along with an examination of the role of NOM (natural organic matter) and its relationship to DBP (disinfection by-product) formation and control in drinking water. Understanding the relationship of NOM to DBP may well lead to new techniques for analyzing and treating water and enable reasonable choices to be made for source-water protection, treatment plant process optimization, and distribution system operation to control DBP's. This volume emphasizes the characterization and reactivity of polar natural organic matter. It examines analytical methods which better characterize NOM and determines some of the polar and nonvolatile DBP forms. It presents innovative new methods, sich as capillary electrophoresis for haloacetic aceids and LC/MS for the identification of polar dinking water DBPs.

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence

Aquatic Organic Matter Fluorescence
  • Author : Paula Coble,Jamie Lead,Andy Baker,Darren Reynolds,Robert G. M. Spencer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-07-14
  • Total pages :418
  • ISBN : 9780521764612
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Summary : Core text on principles, laboratory/field methodologies, and data interpretation for fluorescence applications in aquatic science, for advanced students and researchers.

Advanced Environmental Monitoring

Advanced Environmental Monitoring
  • Author : Young Kim,Ulrich Platt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-31
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9781402063640
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Summary : This book deals with recent developments and applications of environmental monitoring technologies, with emphasis on rapidly progressing optical and biological methods. Written by worldwide experts, this book will be of interest to environmental scientists in academia, research institutes, industry and the government.

Biodegradable Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution

Biodegradable Organic Matter in Drinking Water Treatment and Distribution
  • Author : Michèle Prévost
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :300
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062566610
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Summary : This compilation covers all aspects of biodegradable organic matter in drinking water by addressing the improvement made to water treatment and quality during the last 20 years. This book is a must for researchers and a valuable reference and guidance tool for all water producers.

Organic Compounds in Natural Waters

Organic Compounds in Natural Waters
  • Author : T Roy Crompton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-09-23
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 9781315863009
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Summary : The potential health hazards that might arise from the presence of organic substances in water are a matter of increasing concern to the water industry, environmentalists and the general public alike. This comprehensive reference draws together and systematises the vast body of information available on the occurrence and determination of organic su

Phenolic Compounds

Phenolic Compounds
  • Author : Marcos Soto-Hernández,Mariana Palma Tenango,Rosario García-Mateos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-15
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 9789535129578
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Summary : Phenolic compounds as a large class of metabolites found in plants have attracted attention since long time ago due to their properties and the hope that they will show beneficial health effects when taken as dietary supplements. This book presents the state of the art of some of the natural sources of phenolic compounds, for example, medicinal plants, grapes or blue maize, as well as the modern methods of extraction, quantification, and identification, and there is a special section discussing the treatment, removal, and degradation of phenols, an important issue in those phenols derived from the pharmaceutical or petrochemical industries.

Disinfection By-products in Drinking Water

Disinfection By-products in Drinking Water
  • Author : K. Clive Thompson,Simon Gillespie,Emma H. Goslan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781782620884
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Summary :

Aquatic Humic Substances

Aquatic Humic Substances
  • Author : Dag Hessen,Lars J. Tranvik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 9783662037362
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Summary : Humic substances occur in all kinds of aquatic systems, but are particularly important in northern, coniferous areas. They strongly modify the aquatic ecosystems and also constitute a major problem in the drinking water supply. This volume covers all aspects of aquatic humic substances, from their origin and chemical properties, their effects on light and nutrient regimes and biogeochemical cycling, to their role regarding organisms, productivity and food web organization from bacteria to fish. Special emphasis is paid to carbon cycling and food web organization in humic lakes, but aspects of marine carbon cycling related to humus are treated as well.

Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments

Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments
  • Author : O.M. Saether,P. de Caritat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-20
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781000150599
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Summary : Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments is a specialist book concerned with the natural processes taking place where water interacts with minerals and organic matter at the earth’s surface, in soils or within aquifers. It focuses on the all important interface between the hydrological and geochemical cycles in terrestrial ecosystems, and is thus particularly relevant to understanding the environment. The book is intended primarily as a reference text for graduate students in Earth Sciences, Hydrology or Environmental Sciences, but will be a useful introduction to those studying Chemistry, Biology or Forestry Studies. Geochemical Processes, Weathering and Groundwater Recharge in Catchments presents an overview of the current status of knowledge of catchment studies, with an outline of the challenges of future research. .

Handbook of Water Analysis

Handbook of Water Analysis
  • Author : Leo M.L. Nollet,Leen S. P. De Gelder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000-06-27
  • Total pages :944
  • ISBN : 0849384869
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Summary : This work details water sampling and preservation methods by enumerating the different ways to measure physical, chemical, organoleptical, and radiological characteristics. It provides step-by-step descriptions of separation, residue determination, and cleanup techniques for a variety of fresh- and salt-waters. It also discusses information regarding the analysis and detection of bacteria and algae.

The Sanitary City

The Sanitary City
  • Author : Martin V. Melosi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :578
  • ISBN : UOM:39076002379845
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Summary : The authors examines water supply and waste disposal in U.S. cities from Colonial times to the present day.

Water and Sustainable Development

Water and Sustainable Development
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Chemical Sciences Roundtable
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-05-14
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 0309166071
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Summary : Experts in the areas of water science and chemistry from the government, industry, and academic arenas discussed ways to maximize opportunities for these disciplines to work together to develop and apply simple technologies while addressing some of the world’s key water and health problems. Since global water challenges cross both scientific disciplines, the chemical sciences have the ability to be a key player in improving the lives of billions of people around the world.

Southeast Asian Water Environment 5

Southeast Asian Water Environment 5
  • Author : K. Yamamoto,H. Furumai,H. Katayama,C. Chiemchaisri,U. Puetpaiboon,C. Visvanathan,H. Satoh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-01
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9781780404950
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Summary : This is the fifth volume in the series of books on the Southeast Asian water environment. The most important articles presented at the Eighth, Ninth and Tenth International Symposiums on Southeast Asian Water Environment have been selected for this book. It covers monitoring, treatment, and management issues related with environmental water, water supply, and wastewater. As the emerging issues, pollution with micropollutants and effects of climate change on water environment are also included. This publication is the result of building an academic network among researchers of related fields from different regions to exchange information. This book is an invaluable source of information for researchers, policy makers, NGOs, NPOs, and those who are concerned with achieving global sustainability within the water environment in developing regions. Contents: Groundwater Quality and Its Management, Water Environment and Management, Water Supply Management and Technology, Wastewater Treatment Technologies, Micropollutants, Climate Change and Water

Ozone in Water Treatment

Ozone in Water Treatment
  • Author : Bruno Langlais,David A. Reckhow,Deborah R. Brink
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-16
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9781351426145
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Summary : With the advent of the Safe Drinking Water Act Amendments of 1986, many water utilities are reexamining their water treatment practices. Upcoming new regulations on disinfection and on disinfection by-products, in particular, are the primary driving forces for the big interest in ozone. It appears that ozone, with its strong disinfection capabilities, and apparently lower levels of disinfection by-products (compared to other disinfectants), may be the oxidant/disinfectant of choice. Many utilities currently using chlorine for oxidation may need to switch due to chlorine by-product concerns. Utilities using chloramines may need to use ozone to meet CT requirements. This book, prepared by 35 international experts, includes current technology on the design, operation, and control of the ozone process within a drinking water plant. It combines almost 100 years of European ozone design and operating experience with North American design/operations experience and the North American regulatory and utility operational environment. Topics covered include ozone chemistry, toxicology, design consideration, engineering aspects, design of retrofit systems, and the operation and economics of ozone technology. The book contains a "how to" section on ozone treatability studies, which explains what information can be learned using treatability studies, at what scale (bench, pilot, or demonstration plant), and how this information can be used to design full-scale systems. It also includes valuable tips regarding important operating practices, as well as guidance on retrofits and the unique issues involved with retrofitting the ozone process. With ozone being one of the hottest areas of interest in drinking water, this book will prove essential to all water utilities, design engineers, regulators, and plant managers and supervisors.