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Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment

Natural Polymers-Based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment
  • Author : Susheel Kalia
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-15
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0128205415
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Summary : Natural Polymers-based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment focuses on the recent development of novel polymeric adsorbents that are green and eco-friendly or biodegradable in nature. The book reviews the synthesis, properties and adsorption applications of natural and green polymer-based adsorbents. It discusses adsorption processes in biopolymer systems, remediation technologies developed to remove environmental pollutants, the usage of natural polymer-based cost-effective and green novel adsorbent materials for the removal of organic and inorganic contaminants, and the efficiency of functionalized polymers, nanosorbents, hydrogels, composites, graft copolymers in the sorption of various pollutants from the environment as well as from the industrial effluents. Researchers working on environmental remediation need a single book, where all data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment are discussed comprehensively. Natural Polymers-based Green Adsorbents for Water Treatment addresses this need by providing world-wide leading experts' observations and research. So, this book is a valuable reference for early-career scientist, academic researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering and material science Presents step-by-step review of processing and modification of natural polymers and their applications in water remediation Analyzes data on natural and green adsorbents for water treatment, meanwhile provides world-wide experts' knowledge to pave the way for further research Includes extensive tables, graphs, figures, bibliographies and references to enhance key concepts

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers

Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers
  • Author : Yu Chen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-23
  • Total pages :552
  • ISBN : 9780128166185
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Summary : Hydrogels Based on Natural Polymers presents the latest research on natural polymer-based hydrogels, covering fundamentals, preparation methods, synthetic pathways, advanced properties, major application areas, and novel characterization techniques. The advantages and disadvantages of each natural polymer-based hydrogel are also discussed, enabling preparation tactics for specific properties and applications. Sections cover fundamentals, development, characteristics, structures and properties. Additional chapters cover presentation methods and properties based on natural polymers, including physical and chemical properties, stimuli-responsive properties, self-healing properties, and biological properties. The final section presents major applications areas, including the biomedical field, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry. This is a highly valuable resource for academic researchers, scientists and advanced students working with hydrogels and natural polymers, as well as across the fields of polymer science, polymer chemistry, plastics engineering, biopolymers and biomaterials. The detailed information will also be of great interest to scientists and R&D professionals, product designers, technicians and engineers across industries. Provides systematic coverage of all aspects of hydrogels based on natural polymers, including fundamentals, preparation methods, properties and characterization Offers a balanced assessment of the specific properties and possibilities offered by different natural polymer-based hydrogels, drawing on innovative research Examines cutting-edge applications across biomedicine, agriculture, water treatments, and the food industry

Green Composites

Green Composites
  • Author : Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9789811596438
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Summary :

Green Materials for Wastewater Treatment

Green Materials for Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Mu. Naushad,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-03
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 9783030177249
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Summary : This book reviews health hazards associated with wastewater use and water pollutants. Chapters present applications of green materials made of agricultural waste, activated carbon and magnetic materials for wastewater treatment. The removal of toxic metals using algal biomass and the removal of toxic dyes using chitosan composite materials are also discussed. The book includes reviews on the removal of phenols, pesticides, and on the use of ionic liquid-modified activated carbon for the treatment of textile wastewater.

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal
  • Author : Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-31
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : 9783319921624
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Summary : This is the second volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. Together with the first volume they show a typical selection of green materials used in wastewater treatment, with emphasis on industrial effluents. This second volume focuses on innovative materials. It presents hemp-based materials for metal removal, and the use of leaves for metal removal. It describes the biosorption of metals and metalloids on various materials and discusses the recent advances in cellulose-based adsorbents used in environmental purposes. Furthermore, activated carbons from food wastes, aerogels and bones, and municipal solid waste biochar as efficient materials for pollutant removal, respectively are reviewed as well as biosorption of dyes onto microbial biosorbents and the use of mushroom biomass to remove pollutants are looked at. The volume also includes detailed review of green adsorbents for removal of antibiotics, pesticides and endocrine disruptors and the use of pillared interlayered clays as innovative materials for pollutant removal. Finally, the use of green adsorbents for radioactive pollutant removal from natural water is discussed. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain,Ajay Kumar Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-19
  • Total pages :756
  • ISBN : 9780128110348
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Summary : New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Green Adsorbents

Green Adsorbents
  • Author : George Z. Kyzas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :127
  • ISBN : 9781681081366
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Summary : Adsorption technology is a promising avenue for wastewater treatment. Numerous adsorbent materials are presently synthesized. Green or environmental friendly adsorbents are derived from plants and agricultural crop sources, giving them a very low production cost when compared to synthetic polymers. This monograph explains the basic principles of green adsorption technology, their production processes and strategies to remove different categories of environmental pollutants (dyes, heavy metals and phenols/pesticides). The book explains details in terms of features such as adsorption capacity, physico-chemical kinetics and reuse potential. A summary of the economics and future prospect for green adsorption technology is also given. This text is a handy reference for environmental chemistry students, researchers and policy makers.

Natural Polymers, Biopolymers, Biomaterials, and Their Composites, Blends, and IPNs

Natural Polymers, Biopolymers, Biomaterials, and Their Composites, Blends, and IPNs
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Neethu Ninan,Sneha Mohan,Elizabeth Francis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-07-18
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9781926895161
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Summary : Natural Polymers, Biopolymers, Biomaterials, and Their Composites, Blends, and IPNs focuses on the recent advances in natural polymers, biopolymers, biomaterials, and their composites, blends, and IPNs. Biobased polymer blends and composites occupy a unique position in the dynamic world of new biomaterials. The growing need for lubricious coatings and surfaces in medical devices—an outcome of the move from invasive to noninvasive medicines/procedures—is playing a major role in the advancement of biomaterials technology. Natural polymers have attained their cutting-edge technology through various platforms, yet there is a lot of novel information about them that is discussed in the book. This important work covers topics such as chitosan composites for biomedical applications and wastewater treatment, coal biotechnology, biomedical and related applications of second generation polyamidoamines, silk fibers, PEG hydrogels, bamboo fiber reinforced PE composites, jute/polyester composites, magnetic biofoams, and many other interesting aspects of importance to polymer research today.

Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment

Chitosan-Based Adsorbents for Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Abu Nasar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-01
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781945291753
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Summary : Chitosan is a natural amino polymer. It is eco-friendly, biocompatible, biodegradable, cost-effective, easily available and has high potential to be utilized as an adsorbent. Because of their excellent chelating power, chitosan-based adsorbents have a very high ability to tightly bind the pollutants present in contaminated water and wastewater. Different heavy metals and toxic dyes can be effectively removed. Chapter 1 deals with the chemical, physical, physicochemical and mechanical properties of chitosan and chitosan-based materials. Adsorption data on the removal of heavy metals and different dyes have been compiled. Chapter 2 covers the utilization of chitosan and its derivatives for the adsorptive removal of mercury from water and wastewater. Chapter 3 describes novel chitosan-based nanocomposites for dye removal applications. Chapter 4 discusses the effect of different chitosan modifications on its structure and specific surface area. Chapter 5 covers the applications of chitin and chitosan-based adsorbents for the removal of natural dyes from wastewater. Chapter 6 highlights the adsorptive treatment of textile effluents using chemically modified chitosan as adsorbents. Chapter 7 reviews the applications of chitosan-based adsorbents for the removal of arsenicals. Chapter 8 centers on the adsorption capacity enhancement of chitosan by chemical modification. Chapter 9 focuses on the smart use of surfactants for the modification of chitosan and some other biomaterials and their subsequent use for the removal of contaminants from aqueous solutions. Chapter 10 reviews the use of chitosan-based nanocomposites as adsorbents for the removal of dyes from wastewater. Chapter 11 describes the preparation of uniformly distributed platinum nanoparticles decorated with graphene oxide-chitosan by employing a microwave-assisted method. The nanocomposite can be used for the removal of dye from aqueous solution.

Biodegradation, Pollutants and Bioremediation Principles

Biodegradation, Pollutants and Bioremediation Principles
  • Author : Ederio Dino Bidoia,Renato Nallin Montagnolli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-20
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781000264517
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Summary : This book presents a broad compendium of biodegradation research and discussions on the most up-to-date bioremediation strategies. The most relevant microbiological, biochemical and genetic concepts are presented alongside the fundamentals of bioremediation. The topics include: a wide variety of contaminant impacts evaluation, key methodologies required to measure biodegradation and propose new bioremediation protocols, as well as the handling of microbial communities related to such processes. The selected collaborating authors are renowned for their microbiology expertise and will provide an in-depth reference for students and specialists. The contents provide a valuable source of information for researchers, professionals, and policy makers alike.

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels

Emerging Concepts in Analysis and Applications of Hydrogels
  • Author : Sutapa Biswas Majee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-24
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9789535125099
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Summary : This book is an Up-to-date and authoritative account on physicochemical principles, pharmaceutical and biomedical applications of hydrogels. It consists of eight contributions from different authors highlighting properties and synthesis of hydrogels, their characterization by various instrumental methods of analysis, comprehensive review on stimuli-responsive hydrogels and their diverse applications, and a special section on self-healing hydrogels. Thus, this book will equip academia and industry with adequate basic and applied principles related to hydrogels.

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering

Current Advances in Mechanical Engineering
  • Author : Saroj Kumar Acharya,Dipti Prasad Mishra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-17
  • Total pages :1018
  • ISBN : 9789813347953
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Summary : This book presents select proceedings of the International Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering Research and Development (ICRAMERD 2020). The contents focus on latest research and current problems in various branches of mechanical engineering. Some of the topics discussed here include fracture and failure analysis, fuels and alternative fuels, combustion and IC engines, advanced manufacturing technologies, powder metallurgy and rapid prototyping, industrial engineering and automation, supply chain management, design of mechanical systems, vibrations and control engineering, automobile engineering, fluid mechanics and machines, heat transfer, composite materials, micro and nano-engineering for energy storage and conversion, and modeling and simulations. The wide range of topics presented in this book can make it useful for beginners, researchers as well as professionals in mechanical engineering.

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal

Green Adsorbents for Pollutant Removal
  • Author : Grégorio Crini,Eric Lichtfouse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-27
  • Total pages :390
  • ISBN : 9783319921112
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Summary : This is the first volume on adsorption using green adsorbents and is written by international contributors who are the leading experts in the adsorption field. The first volume provides an overview of fundamentals and design of adsorption processes. For people who are new to the field, the book starts by two overview chapters presenting the principles and properties of wastewater treatment and adsorption processes. The book also provides a comprehensive source of knowledge on acid-base properties of biosorbents. It discusses fractal-like kinetic models for fluid-solid adsorption, reports on the chemical characterization of oxidized activated carbons for metal removal, and the use of magnetic biosorbents in water treatment. Furthermore, the thermodynamic properties of metals adsorption by green adsorbents, and biosorption of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and organic pollutants are reviewed, and finally the recent trends and impact of nanomaterials as green adsorbent and potential catalysts for environmental applications are summarized. The audience for this book includes students, environmentalists, engineers, water scientists, civil and industrial personnel who wish to specialize in adsorption technology. Academically, this book will be of use to students in chemical and environmental engineering who wish to learn about adsorption and its fundamentals. It has also been compiled for practicing engineers who wish to know about recent developments on adsorbent materials in order to promote further research toward improving and developing newer adsorbents and processes for the efficient removal of pollutants from industrial effluents. It is hoped that the book will serve as a readable and useful presentation not only for undergraduate and postgraduate students but also for the water scientists and engineers and as a convenient reference handbook in the form of numerous recent examples and appended information.

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Polysaccharides as a Green and Sustainable Resources for Water and Wastewater Treatment
  • Author : Nurudeen A. Oladoja,Emmanuel I. Unuabonah,OMOTAYO S. AMUDA,Olatunji M. Kolawole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-16
  • Total pages :110
  • ISBN : 9783319565996
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Summary : This brief critically reviews the structure and applications of polysaccharide based materials as a green and sustainable resource in water and water treatment operations. The authors present a fascinating insight into the application of this renewable resource in water and wastewater treatment operations approached from multiple perspectives: mechanistic insight into the coagulation efficiency of polysaccharides based coagulants; progress and prospects of polysaccharide composites as adsorbent for water and wastewater treatment; structural modifications of polysaccharides for enhanced performance as adsorbents; tuning polysaccharides framework for optimal coagulation efficiency; and tapping into microbial polysaccharides for water and wastewater purifications.This brief is aimed at professionals active in the science and engineering aspects of water and wastewater treatment operations.

Bio-inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials

Bio-inorganic Hybrid Nanomaterials
  • Author : Eduardo Ruiz-Hitzky,Katsuhiko Ariga,Yuri M. Lvov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-06-25
  • Total pages :521
  • ISBN : 9783527621453
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Summary : This ready reference is the first to collate the interdisciplinary knowledge from materials science, bioengineering and nanotechnology to give an in-depth overview of the topic. As such, it provides broad coverage of combinations between inorganic materials and such key biological structures as proteins, enzymes, DNA, or biopolymers. With its treatment of various application directions, including bioelectronic interfacing, tissue repair, porous membranes, sensors, nanocontainers, and DNA engineering, this is essential reading for materials engineers, medical researchers, catalytic chemists, biologists, and those working in the biotechnological and semiconductor industries.

Natural Polymers

Natural Polymers
  • Author : Maya J. John,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :332
  • ISBN : 9781849734035
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Summary : This two volume set provides a valuable reference on natural polymer composites, including both natural and protein fibres, and natural polymer nanocomposites.

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water

Polymeric Materials for Clean Water
  • Author : Rasel Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-27
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9783030007430
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Summary : This book gives an overview of recent developments in the synthesis of macromolecules for water purification applications. The preparation of these polymers from organic and inorganic starting materials is described. Important post-polymerization modifications, introduction of functional groups and production of supramolecular assemblies and nanomaterials are shown. The synthesized materials are presented with their interesting properties and broad areas of applications. A comprehensive discussion about the engineering aspect and the usage in water treatment as well as environmental issues is given. The wide variety of materials and their synthesis techniques will encourage scientists in developing new synthesis routes and materials, whereby engineers will be encouraged to find new possible applications.

Functional Polymeric Composites

Functional Polymeric Composites
  • Author : Chin Hua Chia,Chin Han Chan,Sabu Thomas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-23
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781351800273
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Summary : This new work, Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales, focuses on new challenges, findings, opportunities, and applications in the area of polymer composites. The chapters, written prominent researchers from academia, industry, and research institutes from around the world, present contemporary research and developments on advanced polymeric materials, including polymer blends, polymer electrolytes, bio-based polymer, polymer nanocomposites, etc. Several chapters also cover the applications of the polymeric systems in current industry development and synthesis and characterization of the products.

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications

Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainable Applications
  • Author : Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-17
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780323898911
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Summary : Biopolymers are becoming an increasingly important area of research as traditional chemical feedstocks run low and concerns about environmental impacts increase. One area of particular interest is their use for more sustainable development of metal nanoparticles. Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticle Chemistry for Sustainability Applications, Volume 2 reviews key uses of biopolymers and biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a range of key sustainability-focused applications. After providing contextual examples of applications across the fields of food science, biomedicine and biochemistry, the book goes on to explore further sustainability-focused applications of Biopolymer-Based Metal Nanoparticles in such important areas as catalysis, environmental science, biosensing, and energy. Provides an overview of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for a wide range of applications Provides technological details on the synthesis of natural polymer-based metal nanoparticles Explores the role of biopolymer-based metal nanoparticles for more sustainable catalytic processes

Hydrogels

Hydrogels
  • Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-28
  • Total pages :470
  • ISBN : 9789811060779
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Summary : This book discusses recent advances in hydrogels, including their generation and applications and presents a compendium of fundamental concepts. It highlights the most important hydrogel materials, including physical hydrogels, chemical hydrogels, and nanohydrogels and explores the development of hydrogel-based novel materials that respond to external stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, pH, light, biochemicals or magnetism, which represent a new class of intelligent materials. With their multiple cooperative functions, hydrogel-based materials exhibit different potential applications ranging from biomedical engineering to water purification systems. This book covers key topics including superabsorbent polymer hydrogel; intelligent hydrogels for drug delivery; hydrogels from catechol-conjugated materials; nanomaterials loaded hydrogel; electrospinning of hydrogels; biopolymers-based hydrogels; injectable hydrogels; interpenetrating-polymer-network hydrogels: radiation- and sonochemical synthesis of micro/nano/macroscopic hydrogels; DNA-based hydrogels; and multifunctional applications of hydrogels. It will prove a valuable resource for researchers working in industry and academia alike.