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Networks-on-Chips

Networks-on-Chips
  • Author : Fayez Gebali,Haytham Elmiligi,Mohamed Watheq El-Kharashi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-03
  • Total pages :389
  • ISBN : 9781439859636
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Summary : The implementation of networks-on-chip (NoC) technology in VLSI integration presents a variety of unique challenges. To deal with specific design solutions and research hurdles related to intra-chip data exchange, engineers are challenged to invoke a wide range of disciplines and specializations while maintaining a focused approach. Leading Researchers Present Cutting-Edge Designs Tools Networks-on-Chips: Theory and Practice facilitates this process, detailing the NoC paradigm and its benefits in separating IP design and functionality from chip communication requirements and interfacing. It starts with an analysis of 3-D NoC architectures and progresses to a discussion of NoC resource allocation, processor traffic modeling, and formal verification, with an examination of protocols at different layers of abstraction. An exploration of design methodologies, CAD tool development, and system testing, as well as communication protocol, the text highlights important emerging research issues, such as Resource Allocation for Quality of Service (QoS) on-chip communication Testing, verification, and network design methodologies Architectures for interconnection, real-time monitoring, and security requirements Networks-on-Chip Protocols Presents a flexible MPSoC platform to easily implement multimedia applications and evaluate future video encoding standards This useful guide tackles power and energy issues in NoC-based designs, addressing the power constraints that currently limit the embedding of more processing elements on a single chip. It covers traffic modeling and discusses the details of traffic generators. Using unique case studies and examples, it covers theoretical and practical issues, guiding readers through every phase of system design.

Networks-on-Chip

Networks-on-Chip
  • Author : Sheng Ma,Libo Huang,Mingche Lai,Wei Shi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-04
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128011782
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Summary : Networks-on-Chip: From Implementations to Programming Paradigms provides a thorough and bottom-up exploration of the whole NoC design space in a coherent and uniform fashion, from low-level router, buffer and topology implementations, to routing and flow control schemes, to co-optimizations of NoC and high-level programming paradigms. This textbook is intended for an advanced course on computer architecture, suitable for graduate students or senior undergrads who want to specialize in the area of computer architecture and Networks-on-Chip. It is also intended for practitioners in the industry in the area of microprocessor design, especially the many-core processor design with a network-on-chip. Graduates can learn many practical and theoretical lessons from this course, and also can be motivated to delve further into the ideas and designs proposed in this book. Industrial engineers can refer to this book to make practical tradeoffs as well. Graduates and engineers who focus on off-chip network design can also refer to this book to achieve deadlock-free routing algorithm designs. Provides thorough and insightful exploration of NoC design space. Description from low-level logic implementations to co-optimizations of high-level program paradigms and NoCs. The coherent and uniform format offers readers a clear, quick and efficient exploration of NoC design space Covers many novel and exciting research ideas, which encourage researchers to further delve into these topics. Presents both engineering and theoretical contributions. The detailed description of the router, buffer and topology implementations, comparisons and analysis are of high engineering value.

Networks on Chips

Networks on Chips
  • Author : Giovanni De Micheli,Luca Benini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-08-30
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 0080473563
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Summary : The design of today's semiconductor chips for various applications, such as telecommunications, poses various challenges due to the complexity of these systems. These highly complex systems-on-chips demand new approaches to connect and manage the communication between on-chip processing and storage components and networks on chips (NoCs) provide a powerful solution. This book is the first to provide a unified overview of NoC technology. It includes in-depth analysis of all the on-chip communication challenges, from physical wiring implementation up to software architecture, and a complete classification of their various Network-on-Chip approaches and solutions. * Leading-edge research from world-renowned experts in academia and industry with state-of-the-art technology implementations/trends * An integrated presentation not currently available in any other book * A thorough introduction to current design methodologies and chips designed with NoCs

Networks on Chip

Networks on Chip
  • Author : Axel Jantsch,Hannu Tenhunen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-08
  • Total pages :303
  • ISBN : 9780306487279
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Summary : As the number of processor cores and IP blocks integrated on a single chip is steadily growing, a systematic approach to design the communication infrastructure becomes necessary. Different variants of packed switched on-chip networks have been proposed by several groups during the past two years. This book summarizes the state of the art of these efforts and discusses the major issues from the physical integration to architecture to operating systems and application interfaces. It also provides a guideline and vision about the direction this field is moving to. Moreover, the book outlines the consequences of adopting design platforms based on packet switched network. The consequences may in fact be far reaching because many of the topics of distributed systems, distributed real-time systems, fault tolerant systems, parallel computer architecture, parallel programming as well as traditional system-on-chip issues will appear relevant but within the constraints of a single chip VLSI implementation.

Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip

Routing Algorithms in Networks-on-Chip
  • Author : Maurizio Palesi,Masoud Daneshtalab
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-22
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : 9781461482741
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Summary : This book provides a single-source reference to routing algorithms for Networks-on-Chip (NoCs), as well as in-depth discussions of advanced solutions applied to current and next generation, many core NoC-based Systems-on-Chip (SoCs). After a basic introduction to the NoC design paradigm and architectures, routing algorithms for NoC architectures are presented and discussed at all abstraction levels, from the algorithmic level to actual implementation. Coverage emphasizes the role played by the routing algorithm and is organized around key problems affecting current and next generation, many-core SoCs. A selection of routing algorithms is included, specifically designed to address key issues faced by designers in the ultra-deep sub-micron (UDSM) era, including performance improvement, power, energy, and thermal issues, fault tolerance and reliability.

Network-on-Chip

Network-on-Chip
  • Author : Santanu Kundu,Santanu Chattopadhyay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9781466565272
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Summary : Addresses the Challenges Associated with System-on-Chip Integration Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration examines the current issues restricting chip-on-chip communication efficiency, and explores Network-on-chip (NoC), a promising alternative that equips designers with the capability to produce a scalable, reusable, and high-performance communication backbone by allowing for the integration of a large number of cores on a single system-on-chip (SoC). This book provides a basic overview of topics associated with NoC-based design: communication infrastructure design, communication methodology, evaluation framework, and mapping of applications onto NoC. It details the design and evaluation of different proposed NoC structures, low-power techniques, signal integrity and reliability issues, application mapping, testing, and future trends. Utilizing examples of chips that have been implemented in industry and academia, this text presents the full architectural design of components verified through implementation in industrial CAD tools. It describes NoC research and developments, incorporates theoretical proofs strengthening the analysis procedures, and includes algorithms used in NoC design and synthesis. In addition, it considers other upcoming NoC issues, such as low-power NoC design, signal integrity issues, NoC testing, reconfiguration, synthesis, and 3-D NoC design. This text comprises 12 chapters and covers: The evolution of NoC from SoC—its research and developmental challenges NoC protocols, elaborating flow control, available network topologies, routing mechanisms, fault tolerance, quality-of-service support, and the design of network interfaces The router design strategies followed in NoCs The evaluation mechanism of NoC architectures The application mapping strategies followed in NoCs Low-power design techniques specifically followed in NoCs The signal integrity and reliability issues of NoC The details of NoC testing strategies reported so far The problem of synthesizing application-specific NoCs Reconfigurable NoC design issues Direction of future research and development in the field of NoC Network-on-Chip: The Next Generation of System-on-Chip Integration covers the basic topics, technology, and future trends relevant to NoC-based design, and can be used by engineers, students, and researchers and other industry professionals interested in computer architecture, embedded systems, and parallel/distributed systems.

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era

Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era
  • Author : Jose Flich,Davide Bertozzi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-18
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781439837115
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Summary : Going beyond isolated research ideas and design experiences, Designing Network On-Chip Architectures in the Nanoscale Era covers the foundations and design methods of network on-chip (NoC) technology. The contributors draw on their own lessons learned to provide strong practical guidance on various design issues. Exploring the design process of the network, the first part of the book focuses on basic aspects of switch architecture and design, topology selection, and routing implementation. In the second part, contributors discuss their experiences in the industry, offering a roadmap to recent products. They describe Tilera’s TILE family of multicore processors, novel Intel products and research prototypes, and the TRIPS operand network (OPN). The last part reveals state-of-the-art solutions to hardware-related issues and explains how to efficiently implement the programming model at the network interface. In the appendix, the microarchitectural details of two switch architectures targeting multiprocessor system-on-chips (MPSoCs) and chip multiprocessors (CMPs) can be used as an experimental platform for running tests. A stepping stone to the evolution of future chip architectures, this volume provides a how-to guide for designers of current NoCs as well as designers involved with 2015 computing platforms. It cohesively brings together fundamental design issues, alternative design paradigms and techniques, and the main design tradeoffs—consistently focusing on topics most pertinent to real-world NoC designers.

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures

Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures
  • Author : Jacob Murray,Paul Wettin,Partha Pratim Pande,Behrooz Shirazi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-25
  • Total pages :162
  • ISBN : 9780128036518
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Summary : Sustainable Wireless Network-on-Chip Architectures focuses on developing novel Dynamic Thermal Management (DTM) and Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in WiNoC architectures. The methodologies proposed—combined with extensive experimental validation—collectively represent efforts to create a sustainable NoC architecture for future many-core chips. Current research trends show a necessary paradigm shift towards green and sustainable computing. As implementing massively parallel energy-efficient CPUs and reducing resource consumption become standard, and their speed and power continuously increase, energy issues become a significant concern. The need for promoting research in sustainable computing is imperative. As hundreds of cores are integrated in a single chip, designing effective packages for dissipating maximum heat is infeasible. Moreover, technology scaling is pushing the limits of affordable cooling, thereby requiring suitable design techniques to reduce peak temperatures. Addressing thermal concerns at different design stages is critical to the success of future generation systems. DTM and DVFS appear as solutions to avoid high spatial and temporal temperature variations among NoC components, and thereby mitigate local network hotspots. Defines new complex, sustainable network-on-chip architectures to reduce network latency and energy Develops topology-agnostic dynamic thermal management and dynamic voltage and frequency scaling techniques Describes joint strategies for network- and core-level sustainability Discusses novel algorithms that exploit the advantages inherent in Wireless Network-on-Chip architectures

Source-Synchronous Networks-On-Chip

Source-Synchronous Networks-On-Chip
  • Author : Ayan Mandal,Sunil P. Khatri,Rabi Mahapatra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-19
  • Total pages :143
  • ISBN : 9781461494058
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Summary : This book describes novel methods for network-on-chip (NoC) design, using source-synchronous high-speed resonant clocks. The authors discuss NoCs from the bottom up, providing circuit level details, before providing architectural simulations. As a result, readers will get a complete picture of how a NoC can be designed and optimized. Using the methods described in this book, readers are enabled to design NoCs that are 5X better than existing approaches in terms of latency and throughput and can also sustain a significantly greater amount of traffic.

Reliability, Availability and Serviceability of Networks-on-Chip

Reliability, Availability and Serviceability of Networks-on-Chip
  • Author : Érika Cota,Alexandre de Morais Amory,Marcelo Soares Lubaszewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-23
  • Total pages :209
  • ISBN : 1461407915
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Summary : This book presents an overview of the issues related to the test, diagnosis and fault-tolerance of Network on Chip-based systems. It is the first book dedicated to the quality aspects of NoC-based systems and will serve as an invaluable reference to the problems, challenges, solutions, and trade-offs related to designing and implementing state-of-the-art, on-chip communication architectures.

Network-on-Chip Architectures

Network-on-Chip Architectures
  • Author : Chrysostomos Nicopoulos,Vijaykrishnan Narayanan,Chita R. Das
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-18
  • Total pages :223
  • ISBN : 904813031X
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Summary : [2]. The Cell Processor from Sony, Toshiba and IBM (STI) [3], and the Sun UltraSPARC T1 (formerly codenamed Niagara) [4] signal the growing popularity of such systems. Furthermore, Intel’s very recently announced 80-core TeraFLOP chip [5] exemplifies the irreversible march toward many-core systems with tens or even hundreds of processing elements. 1.2 The Dawn of the Communication-Centric Revolution The multi-core thrust has ushered the gradual displacement of the computati- centric design model by a more communication-centric approach [6]. The large, sophisticated monolithic modules are giving way to several smaller, simpler p- cessing elements working in tandem. This trend has led to a surge in the popularity of multi-core systems, which typically manifest themselves in two distinct incarnations: heterogeneous Multi-Processor Systems-on-Chip (MPSoC) and homogeneous Chip Multi-Processors (CMP). The SoC philosophy revolves around the technique of Platform-Based Design (PBD) [7], which advocates the reuse of Intellectual Property (IP) cores in flexible design templates that can be customized accordingly to satisfy the demands of particular implementations. The appeal of such a modular approach lies in the substantially reduced Time-To- Market (TTM) incubation period, which is a direct outcome of lower circuit complexity and reduced design effort. The whole system can now be viewed as a diverse collection of pre-existing IP components integrated on a single die.

Networks-on-Chip, 2007. NOCS 2007. First International Symposium on

Networks-on-Chip, 2007. NOCS 2007. First International Symposium on
  • Author : Oscar Wilde
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0769527736
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Summary :

Microarchitecture of Network-on-Chip Routers

Microarchitecture of Network-on-Chip Routers
  • Author : Giorgos Dimitrakopoulos,Anastasios Psarras,Ioannis Seitanidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-27
  • Total pages :175
  • ISBN : 9781461443018
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Summary : This book provides a unified overview of network-on-chip router micro-architecture, the corresponding design opportunities and challenges, and existing solutions to overcome these challenges. The discussion focuses on the heart of a NoC, the NoC router, and how it interacts with the rest of the system. Coverage includes both basic and advanced design techniques that cover the entire router design space including router organization, flow control, pipelined operation, buffering architectures, as well as allocators’ structure and algorithms. Router micro-architectural options are presented in a step-by-step manner beginning from the basic design principles. Even highly sophisticated design alternatives are categorized and broken down to simpler pieces that can be understood easily and analyzed. This book is an invaluable reference for system, architecture, circuit, and EDA researchers and developers, who are interested in understanding the overall picture of NoC routers' architecture, the associated design challenges, and the available solutions.

Bio-Inspired Fault-Tolerant Algorithms for Network-on-Chip

Bio-Inspired Fault-Tolerant Algorithms for Network-on-Chip
  • Author : Muhammad Athar Javed Sethi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-17
  • Total pages :194
  • ISBN : 9781000048056
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Summary : Network on Chip (NoC) addresses the communication requirement of different nodes on System on Chip. The bio-inspired algorithms improve the bandwidth utilization, maximize the throughput and reduce the end-to-end latency and inter-flit arrival time. This book exclusively presents in-depth information regarding bio-inspired algorithms solving real world problems focussing on fault-tolerant algorithms inspired by the biological brain and implemented on NoC. It further documents the bio-inspired algorithms in general and more specifically, in the design of NoC. It gives an exhaustive review and analysis of the NoC architectures developed during the last decade according to various parameters. Key Features: Covers bio-inspired solutions pertaining to Network-on-Chip (NoC) design solving real world examples Includes bio-inspired NoC fault-tolerant algorithms with detail coding examples Lists fault-tolerant algorithms with detailed examples Reviews basic concepts of NoC Discusses NoC architectures developed-to-date

Photonic Network-on-Chip Design

Photonic Network-on-Chip Design
  • Author : Keren Bergman,Luca P. Carloni,Aleksandr Biberman,Johnnie Chan,Gilbert Hendry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-13
  • Total pages :213
  • ISBN : 9781441993359
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Summary : This book provides a comprehensive synthesis of the theory and practice of photonic devices for networks-on-chip. It outlines the issues in designing photonic network-on-chip architectures for future many-core high performance chip multiprocessors. The discussion is built from the bottom up: starting with the design and implementation of key photonic devices and building blocks, reviewing networking and network-on-chip theory and existing research, and finishing with describing various architectures, their characteristics, and the impact they will have on a computing system. After acquainting the reader with all the issues in the design space, the discussion concludes with design automation techniques, supplemented by provided software.

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures

Modeling, Analysis and Optimization of Network-on-Chip Communication Architectures
  • Author : Umit Y. Ogras,Radu Marculescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-12
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : 9789400739581
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Summary : Traditionally, design space exploration for Systems-on-Chip (SoCs) has focused on the computational aspects of the problem at hand. However, as the number of components on a single chip and their performance continue to increase, the communication architecture plays a major role in the area, performance and energy consumption of the overall system. As a result, a shift from computation-based to communication-based design becomes mandatory. Towards this end, network-on-chip (NoC) communication architectures have emerged recently as a promising alternative to classical bus and point-to-point communication architectures. In this dissertation, we study outstanding research problems related to modeling, analysis and optimization of NoC communication architectures. More precisely, we present novel design methodologies, software tools and FPGA prototypes to aid the design of application-specific NoCs.

On-Chip Communication Architectures

On-Chip Communication Architectures
  • Author : Sudeep Pasricha,Nikil Dutt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-28
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 0080558283
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Summary : Over the past decade, system-on-chip (SoC) designs have evolved to address the ever increasing complexity of applications, fueled by the era of digital convergence. Improvements in process technology have effectively shrunk board-level components so they can be integrated on a single chip. New on-chip communication architectures have been designed to support all inter-component communication in a SoC design. These communication architecture fabrics have a critical impact on the power consumption, performance, cost and design cycle time of modern SoC designs. As application complexity strains the communication backbone of SoC designs, academic and industrial R&D efforts and dollars are increasingly focused on communication architecture design. On-Chip Communication Architecures is a comprehensive reference on concepts, research and trends in on-chip communication architecture design. It will provide readers with a comprehensive survey, not available elsewhere, of all current standards for on-chip communication architectures. A definitive guide to on-chip communication architectures, explaining key concepts, surveying research efforts and predicting future trends Detailed analysis of all popular standards for on-chip communication architectures Comprehensive survey of all research on communication architectures, covering a wide range of topics relevant to this area, spanning the past several years, and up to date with the most current research efforts Future trends that with have a significant impact on research and design of communication architectures over the next several years

On-Chip Networks

On-Chip Networks
  • Author : Natalie Enright Jerger,Tushar Krishna,Li-Shiuan Peh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-06-19
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9781627059961
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Summary : This book targets engineers and researchers familiar with basic computer architecture concepts who are interested in learning about on-chip networks. This work is designed to be a short synthesis of the most critical concepts in on-chip network design. It is a resource for both understanding on-chip network basics and for providing an overview of state of the-art research in on-chip networks. We believe that an overview that teaches both fundamental concepts and highlights state-of-the-art designs will be of great value to both graduate students and industry engineers. While not an exhaustive text, we hope to illuminate fundamental concepts for the reader as well as identify trends and gaps in on-chip network research. With the rapid advances in this field, we felt it was timely to update and review the state of the art in this second edition. We introduce two new chapters at the end of the book. We have updated the latest research of the past years throughout the book and also expanded our coverage of fundamental concepts to include several research ideas that have now made their way into products and, in our opinion, should be textbook concepts that all on-chip network practitioners should know. For example, these fundamental concepts include message passing, multicast routing, and bubble flow control schemes.

On Multicast in Asynchronous Networks-on-Chip

On Multicast in Asynchronous Networks-on-Chip
  • Author : Kshitij Bhardwaj
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1073091150
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Summary : A two-fold goal is targeted: correctness and high performance. For ease of implementation, only existing FPGA synthesis tools are used. Moreover, since asynchronous NoCs involve special asynchronous components, a comprehensive guide is introduced to map these elements correctly and efficiently. Two asynchronous NoC switches are synthesized using the proposed approach on a leading Xilinx FPGA in 28 nm: one that only handles unicast, and the other that also supports multicast. Both showed significant energy benefits with some performance gains over a state-of-the-art synchronous switch.

Low Power Networks-on-Chip

Low Power Networks-on-Chip
  • Author : Cristina Silvano,Marcello Lajolo,Gianluca Palermo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-09-24
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : 144196911X
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Summary : In recent years, both Networks-on-Chip, as an architectural solution for high-speed interconnect, and power consumption, as a key design constraint, have continued to gain interest in the design and research communities. This book offers a single-source reference to some of the most important design techniques proposed in the context of low-power design for networks-on-chip architectures.

Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures

Designing 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip Architectures
  • Author : Konstantinos Tatas,Kostas Siozios,Dimitrios Soudris,Axel Jantsch
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-08
  • Total pages :265
  • ISBN : 9781461442745
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Summary : This book covers key concepts in the design of 2D and 3D Network-on-Chip interconnect. It highlights design challenges and discusses fundamentals of NoC technology, including architectures, algorithms and tools. Coverage focuses on topology exploration for both 2D and 3D NoCs, routing algorithms, NoC router design, NoC-based system integration, verification and testing, and NoC reliability. Case studies are used to illuminate new design methodologies.