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Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine

Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine
  • Author : Richard A. Smith,Brian K. Kaspar,Clive N. Svendsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-23
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 0128164751
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Summary : For the first time in history, there is now hope for treating neurological disorders that had previously been considered untreatable. The remarkable confluence of events that has heralded this is the focus of Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine. This anthology, written by many of the prominent scientists and researchers in the field of biotechnology, recounts the breathtaking advances that are revolutionizing treatment for disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis?, spinal muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, myasthenia gravis, migraine, and glioblastoma. The "story behind the story" of these translational efforts is told, with authors depicting the ups and downs encountered on the path of their drug discovery and development effort. In parallel with this path, advances in identifying novel biomarkers and disease models are summarized, as are contemporary issues focusing on clinical trial design, bioethics, innovative funding strategies, and collaborations between government and academia in an effort to facilitate breakthrough treatments. The book is written by members of the biotech and pharmaceutical ecosystem for those who belong to it and aspire to become part of it. Comprehensive review on the progress of translational research in neurotherapeutics for neurologic disorders Discusses important issues in clinical trials such as design and ethical issues Written for neuroscientists, neurologists and pharmacologists

Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine

Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine
  • Author : Richard A. Smith,Brian K. Kaspar,Clive N. Svendsen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-28
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 0128172746
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Summary : For the first time in history, there is now hope for treating neurological disorders that had previously been considered untreatable. The remarkable confluence of events that has heralded this is the focus of Neurotherapeutics in the Era of Translational Medicine. This anthology, written by many of the prominent scientists and researchers in the field of biotechnology, recounts the breathtaking advances that are revolutionizing treatment for disorders such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis‎, spinal muscular atrophy, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, myasthenia gravis, migraine, and glioblastoma. The "story behind the story" of these translational efforts is told, with authors depicting the ups and downs encountered on the path of their drug discovery and development effort. In parallel with this path, advances in identifying novel biomarkers and disease models are summarized, as are contemporary issues focusing on clinical trial design, bioethics, innovative funding strategies, and collaborations between government and academia in an effort to facilitate breakthrough treatments. The book is written by members of the biotech and pharmaceutical ecosystem for those who belong to it and aspire to become part of it. Comprehensive review on the progress of translational research in neurotherapeutics for neurologic disorders Discusses important issues in clinical trials such as design and ethical issues Written for neuroscientists, neurologists and pharmacologists

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007: Testimony of members of Congress and other interested individuals and organizations

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007: Testimony of members of Congress and other interested individuals and organizations
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007

Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2007
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on the Departments of Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness

Mind Fixers: Psychiatry's Troubled Search for the Biology of Mental Illness
  • Author : Anne Harrington
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-16
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 1324001976
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Summary : Mind Fixers tells the history of psychiatry’s quest to understand the biological basis of mental illness and asks where we need to go from here. In Mind Fixers, Anne Harrington, author of The Cure Within, explores psychiatry’s repeatedly frustrated struggle to understand mental disorder in biomedical terms. She shows how the stalling of early twentieth century efforts in this direction allowed Freudians and social scientists to insist, with some justification, that they had better ways of analyzing and fixing minds. But when the Freudians overreached, they drove psychiatry into a state of crisis that a new “biological revolution” was meant to alleviate. Harrington shows how little that biological revolution had to do with breakthroughs in science, and why the field has fallen into a state of crisis in our own time. Mind Fixers makes clear that psychiatry’s waxing and waning biological enthusiasms have been shaped not just by developments in the clinic and lab, but also by a surprising range of social factors, including immigration, warfare, grassroots activism, and assumptions about race and gender. Government programs designed to empty the state mental hospitals, acrid rivalries between different factions in the field, industry profit mongering, consumerism, and an uncritical media have all contributed to the story as well. In focusing particularly on the search for the biological roots of schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder, Harrington underscores the high human stakes for the millions of people who have sought medical answers for their mental suffering. This is not just a story about doctors and scientists, but about countless ordinary people and their loved ones. A clear-eyed, evenhanded, and yet passionate tour de force, Mind Fixers recounts the past and present struggle to make mental illness a biological problem in order to lay the groundwork for creating a better future, both for those who suffer and for those whose job it is to care for them.

Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-04
  • Total pages :1418
  • ISBN : 0128137002
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine provides a comprehensive collection of personal overviews on the latest developments and likely future directions in the field. By providing concise expositions on a broad range of topics, this encyclopedia is an excellent resource. Tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are relatively new fields still in their early stages of development, yet they already show great promise. This encyclopedia brings together foundational content and hot topics in both disciplines into a comprehensive resource, allowing deeper interdisciplinary research and conclusions to be drawn from two increasingly connected areas of biomedicine. Provides a ‘one-stop’ resource for access to information written by world-leading scholars in the fields of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine Contains multimedia features, including hyperlinked references and further readings, cross-references and diagrams/images Represents the most comprehensive and exhaustive product on the market on the topic

Genetics of Epilepsy

Genetics of Epilepsy
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-04
  • Total pages :346
  • ISBN : 0444633332
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Summary : The book chapters cover different aspects of epilepsy genetics, starting with the "classical" concept of epilepsies as ion channel disorders. The second part of the book gives credit to the fact that by now non-ion channel genes are recognized as equally important causes of epilepsy. The concluding chapters are designed to offer the reader insight into current methods in epilepsy research. Each chapter is self-contained and deals with a selected topic of interest. Authors are the leading experts in the field of epilepsy research Book covers the most important aspects of epilepsy Interesting for both scientists and clinicians

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation
  • Author : Michael Selzer,Stephanie Clarke,Leonardo Cohen,Gert Kwakkel,Robert Miller
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-24
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 1107011671
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Summary : Volume 1 of the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation covers the basic sciences relevant to recovery of function following injury to the nervous system.

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic

Pain Management and the Opioid Epidemic
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Pain Management and Regulatory Strategies to Address Prescription Opioid Abuse
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-28
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 0309459540
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Summary : Drug overdose, driven largely by overdose related to the use of opioids, is now the leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States. The ongoing opioid crisis lies at the intersection of two public health challenges: reducing the burden of suffering from pain and containing the rising toll of the harms that can arise from the use of opioid medications. Chronic pain and opioid use disorder both represent complex human conditions affecting millions of Americans and causing untold disability and loss of function. In the context of the growing opioid problem, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) launched an Opioids Action Plan in early 2016. As part of this plan, the FDA asked the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine to convene a committee to update the state of the science on pain research, care, and education and to identify actions the FDA and others can take to respond to the opioid epidemic, with a particular focus on informing FDA's development of a formal method for incorporating individual and societal considerations into its risk-benefit framework for opioid approval and monitoring.

Translational Regenerative Medicine

Translational Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Anthony Atala,Julie Allickson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-01
  • Total pages :606
  • ISBN : 0124104576
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Summary : Translational Regenerative Medicine is a reference book that outlines the life cycle for effective implementation of discoveries in the dynamic field of regenerative medicine. By addressing science, technology, development, regulatory, manufacturing, intellectual property, investment, financial, and clinical aspects of the field, this work takes a holistic look at the translation of science and disseminates knowledge for practical use of regenerative medicine tools, therapeutics, and diagnostics. Incorporating contributions from leaders in the fields of translational science across academia, industry, and government, this book establishes a more fluid transition for rapid translation of research to enhance human health and well-being. Provides formulaic coverage of the landscape, process development, manufacturing, challenges, evaluation, and regulatory aspects of the most promising regenerative medicine clinical applications Covers clinical aspects of regenerative medicine related to skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments, joints, bone, fat, muscle, vascular system, hematopoietic /immune system, peripheral nerve, central nervous system, endocrine system, ophthalmic system, auditory system, oral system, respiratory system, cardiac system, renal system, hepatic system, gastrointestinal system, genitourinary system Identifies effective, proven tools and metrics to identify and pursue clinical and commercial regenerative medicine

Regenerative Pharmacology

Regenerative Pharmacology
  • Author : George J. Christ,Karl-Erik Andersson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-15
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1107354730
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Summary : Regenerative medicine is broadly defined as the repair or replacement of damaged cells, tissues and organs. It is a multidisciplinary effort in which technologies derive from the fields of cell, developmental and molecular biology; chemical and material sciences (i.e. nanotechnology); engineering; surgery; transplantation; immunology; molecular genetics; physiology; and pharmacology. As regenerative medicine technologies continue to evolve and expand across the boundaries of numerous scientific disciplines, they remain at the forefront of the translational research frontier with the potential to radically alter the treatment of a wide variety of disease and dysfunction. This book will draw attention to the critical role that pharmacological sciences will undeniably play in the advancement of these treatments. This book is invaluable for advanced students, postdoctoral fellows, researchers new to the field of regenerative medicine/tissue engineering, and experienced investigators looking for new research avenues. The first state-of-the-art book in this rapidly evolving field of research.

Neural Transplantation

Neural Transplantation
  • Author : William J. Freed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :561
  • ISBN : 9780262062084
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Summary : Although there are many scientific and philosophical reasons to study the brain, for William J. Freed, "the most compelling reason to study the brain is to be able to repair the brains of individuals with nervous system injury or disease." Advances in repairing the nervous system, as well as new data on brain development, growth, and plasticity, have revolutionized the field of brain research and given rise to the technology of brain tissue transplantation. In this book Freed discusses both what may and what may not be possible. The book covers two aspects of neural tissue transplantation research. One involves the transplantation of particular cells to repair or augment specific neuronal systems. This technique could be useful for such conditions as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, chronic pain, and epilepsy. The other line of research concerns regeneration from injury, especially of the spinal cord. After providing basic background on transplantation, brain structure, and development, the book discusses Parkinson's disease, the use of transplants to influence localized brain functions, circuit reconstruction, and genetic engineering and other future technologies.

Evidence-based Psychotherapy

Evidence-based Psychotherapy
  • Author : Carol D. Goodheart,Alan E. Kazdin,Robert J. Sternberg
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :295
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : The adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) has powerful ramifications for the future of psychotherapy. As the EBP movement spreads throughout healthcare, with its associated demands for demonstrable results, cost monitoring and accountability, mental health professionals are not in agreement on the best treatments and their bases or how to weight the factors that contribute to good outcomes. ""Evidence-Based Psychotherapy: Where Practice and Research Meet"" engages the voices of a broad range of clinical researchers, practitioners, educators, and public policy advocates in a comprehensive discussion of the spectrum of issues and arguments in the current debate about EBP. Acknowledging differences in the fundamental purposes of research and practice in psychology, a trio of distinguished editors (Carol D. Goodheart, Alan E. Kazdin, and Robert J. Sternberg) present a range of viewpoints on the role and nature of EBP from leading figures in clinical practice and research. Their intent is to instigate a dialogue among mental health professionals. To this end, the book offers distinctive perspectives, seeks common ground, and reveals legitimate differences, unanswered questions, and promising avenues for improving psychotherapy. The chapter authors examine the evolution, politics, treatment approaches and implications of EBP in psychotherapy. In their cogent introduction and notes between the sections, the editors tie together the book's themes, discuss their implications, and present conclusions. The final chapter lays out a series of cautions regarding EBP in psychotherapy tied to the themes arising in the book.

Nervous System Drug Delivery

Nervous System Drug Delivery
  • Author : Russell R. Lonser,Malisa Sarntinoranont,Kristof Bankiewicz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-25
  • Total pages :556
  • ISBN : 0128139986
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Summary : Nervous System Drug Delivery: Principles and Practice helps users understand the nervous system physiology affecting drug delivery, the principles that underlie various drug delivery methods, and the appropriate application of drug delivery methods for drug- and disease-specific treatments. Researchers developing nervous system putative therapeutic agents will use this book to optimize drug delivery during preclinical assessment and to prepare for regulatory advancement of new agents. Clinicians will gain direct insights into pathophysiologic alterations that impact drug delivery and students and trainees will find this a critical resource for understanding and applying nervous system drug delivery techniques. Offers an up-to-date, comprehensive resource on drug delivery to the nervous system Provides a bridge for understanding across nervous system delivery-related physiology, drug delivery principles. and the methodologies that underlie the various methods of drug distribution (with clinical application) Written for a broad audience of researchers, clinicians and advanced graduate students in neuroscience, neurology, neurosurgery, pharmacology, radiology and psychiatry

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease
  • Author : Derek Bolton,Grant Gillett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-28
  • Total pages :149
  • ISBN : 3030118991
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Summary : This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Walter C. Low,Catherine M. Verfaillie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :551
  • ISBN : 9812775773
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Summary : The commercialization of biotechnology has resulted in an intensive search for new biological resources for the purposes of increasing food productivity, medicinal applications, energy production, and various other applications. Although biotechnology has produced many benefits for humanity, the exploitation of the planet's natural resources has also resulted in some undesirable consequences such as diminished species biodiversity, climate change, environmental contamination, and intellectual property right and patent concerns.This book discusses the role of biological, ecological, environmental, ethical, and economic issues in the interaction between biotechnology and biodiversity, using different contexts. No other book has discussed all of these issues in a comprehensive manner. Of special interest is their impact when biotechnology is shared between developed and developing countries, and the lack of recognition of the rights of indigenous populations and traditional farmers in developing countries by large multinational corporations.

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies

Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Standing Committee for Technology Insight--Gauge, Evaluate, and Review,Committee on Military and Intelligence Methodology for Emergent Neurophysiological and Cognitive/Neural Science Research in the Next Two Decades
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-12-06
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 0309118948
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Summary : Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience and Related Technologies, from the National Research Council, identifies and explores several specific research areas that have implications for U.S. national security, and should therefore be monitored consistently by the intelligence community. These areas include: neurophysiological advances in detecting and measuring indicators of psychological states and intentions of individuals the development of drugs or technologies that can alter human physical or cognitive abilities advances in real-time brain imaging breakthroughs in high-performance computing and neuronal modeling that could allow researchers to develop systems which mimic functions of the human brain, particularly the ability to organize disparate forms of data. As these fields continue to grow, it will be imperative that the intelligence community be able to identify scientific advances relevant to national security when they occur. To do so will require adequate funding, intelligence analysts with advanced training in science and technology, and increased collaboration with the scientific community, particularly academia. A key tool for the intelligence community, this book will also be a useful resource for the health industry, the military, and others with a vested interest in technologies such as brain imaging and cognitive or physical enhancers.

Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Spinal Muscular Atrophy
  • Author : Charlotte J Sumner,Sergey Paushkin,Chien-Ping Ko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-24
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 0128036869
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Summary : Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Disease Mechanisms and Therapy provides the latest information on a condition that is characterized by motoneuron loss and muscle atrophy, and is the leading genetic cause of infant mortality. Since the identification of the gene responsible for SMA in 1995, there have been important advances in the basic understanding of disease mechanisms, and in therapeutic development. This book provides a comprehensive accounting of recent advances in basic and clinical research that covers SMA clinical features and standards of care, multifaceted aspects of SMN protein functions and SMA disease pathology, various animal models, and biomarkers, as well as current therapeutic development. This title is ideal for graduate students/postdocs and principal investigators who are already in the SMA field and need to keep updated on recent findings and approaches, and for those who are new to, or would like to join, the field. Likewise, users will find an excellent source of reading for biotech/pharma scientists, clinical researchers, and practitioners, regulators, and patients and their advocacy organizations. Furthermore, this book is a handy reference for researchers and clinicians who may want to apply the research strategies and therapeutic approaches in SMA to other rare diseases. Provides comprehensive, up-to-date reviews by leading investigators on diverse topics of SMA, including clinical features and patient care, SMN genetics and protein functions, animal models, disease pathology and mechanisms, biomarkers, current therapeutic development, and the role of non-profit organizations in therapeutic development Written to bridge multiple disciplines and promote better communications among basic scientists, clinical researchers, and health care providers on the latest developments in SMA Includes outstanding questions and perspectives for future investigations and key references for additional detailed study

Cannabis Use Disorders

Cannabis Use Disorders
  • Author : Ivan D. Montoya,Susan R. B. Weiss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-24
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 3319903659
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Summary : This book is an unbiased scientific compendium documenting the state-of-the-art in the etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Cannabis Use Disorders (CUD). Unlike any other current medical text, this volume focuses on the scientific aspects of CUDs and provides a resource for researchers, physicians and other health care providers who treat patients suffering from the disorder or its consequences. It begins by establishing the landscape of the disorder, including its prevalence, association with disabilities and comorbidities, and frequency of patients seeking treatment. The text delves into the complexity of the disorder in today’s environment by including the discoveries on the nature and extent of the endocannabinoid system as well as potential breakthroughs in safe and effective pharmacological and nonpharmacological treatments. Experts in the field contribute discussions on the most cutting-edge diagnostic and biological topics, including genetics, medical consequences, and clinical manifestations. The text also covers the challenges and risks presented by external factors, including social repercussions, protective factors, psychiatric comorbidities, withdrawal, and treatment services. Cannabis Use Disorders is a vital resource for researchers, psychiatrists, psychologists, addiction medicine specialists, toxicologists, hospital administrators, nurses, social workers, and all health care professionals working with patients who misuse cannabis.

Neuroimmune Pharmacology

Neuroimmune Pharmacology
  • Author : Tsuneya Ikezu,Howard E. Gendelman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-12-22
  • Total pages :1035
  • ISBN : 3319440225
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Summary : The second edition of Neuroimmune Pharmacology bridges the disciplines of neuroscience, immunology and pharmacology from the molecular to clinical levels with particular thought made to engage new research directives and clinical modalities. Bringing together the foremost field authorities from around the world, Neuroimmune Pharmacology will serve as an invaluable resource for the basic and applied scientists of the current decade and beyond.

Advances in Salivary Diagnostics

Advances in Salivary Diagnostics
  • Author : Charles F. Streckfus
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-03
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 3662453991
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Summary : This book reviews the progress made in salivary diagnostics during the past two decades and identifies the likely direction of future endeavors. After an introductory section describing the histological and anatomical features of the salivary glands and salivary function, salivary collection devices and diagnostic platforms are reviewed. The field of “salivaomics” is then considered in detail, covering, for example, proteomics, the peptidome, DNA and RNA analysis, biomarkers, and methods for biomarker discovery. Salivary diagnostics for oral and systemic diseases are thoroughly discussed, and the role of salivary gland tissue engineering for future diagnostics is explored. The book closes by considering legal issues and barriers to salivary diagnostic development. Advances in Salivary Diagnostics will be an informative and stimulating reference for both practitioners and students.