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New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species

New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species
  • Author : Mustafa Soylak,Erkan Yilmaz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-07
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780128185704
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Summary : New Generation Green Solvents for Separation and Preconcentration of Organic and Inorganic Species is designed to help researchers and students understand the production and application of new generation green solvents in separation- and preconcentration-based analytical methods. Beginning with the historical background and milestones in the development of analytical instrumentation, the book goes on to give a detailed overview of the most up-to-date uses of green solvents in sample preparation. Using a wealth of examples, it compares old and new extraction procedures and explores the many applications of new generation green solvents. Practical, easy-to-follow experiments are used to illustrate the key concepts. This practical guide helps to promote the use of safer, more sustainable solvents in analytical chemistry and beyond for environmental scientists, researchers in pharmaceutical and biotech industries, and students in analytical chemistry. Covers the basic analytical theory essential for understanding extraction- and microextraction-based separation and preconcentration methods Explains combination use of new generation solvents with various detection systems, including UV-VIS, ICP-MS, HPLC, LC-MS, GC-MS, and LC-MS/MS Emphasizes trace chemical component separation, preconcentration and analysis

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes

The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes
  • Author : Francisco Pena-Pereira,Marek Tobiszewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-28
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9780128054437
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Summary : The Application of Green Solvents in Separation Processes features a logical progression of a wide range of topics and methods, beginning with an overview of green solvents, covering everything from water and organic solvents, to ionic liquids, switchable solvents, eutectic mixtures, supercritical fluids, gas-expanded solvents, and more. In addition, the book outlines green extraction techniques, such as green membrane extraction, ultrasound-assisted extraction, and surfactant-mediated extraction techniques. Green sampling and sample preparation techniques are then explored, followed by green analytical separations, including green gas and liquid capillary chromatography, counter current chromatography, supercritical fluid chromatography, capillary electrophoresis, and other electrical separations. Applications of green chemistry techniques that are relevant for a broad range of scientific and technological areas are covered, including the benefits and challenges associated with their application. Provides insights into recent advances in greener extraction and separation processes Gives an understanding of alternatives to harmful solvents commonly used in extraction and separation processes, as well as advanced techniques for such processes Written by a multidisciplinary group of internationally recognized scientists

Green Analytical Chemistry

Green Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Justyna Płotka-Wasylka,Jacek Namieśnik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-02
  • Total pages :449
  • ISBN : 9789811391057
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Summary : The book explains the principles and fundamentals of Green Analytical Chemistry (GAC) and highlights the current developments and future potential of the analytical green chemistry-oriented applications of various solutions. The book consists of sixteen chapters, including the history and milestones of GAC; issues related to teaching of green analytical chemistry and greening the university laboratories; evaluation of impact of analytical activities on the environmental and human health, direct techniques of detection, identification and determination of trace constituents; new achievements in the field of extraction of trace analytes from samples characterized by complex composition of the matrix; “green” nature of the derivatization process in analytical chemistry; passive techniques of sampling of analytes; green sorption materials used in analytical procedures; new types of solvents in the field of analytical chemistry. In addition green chromatography and related techniques, fast tests for assessment of the wide spectrum of pollutants in the different types of the medium, remote monitoring of environmental pollutants, qualitative and comparative evaluation, quantitative assessment, and future trends and perspectives are discussed. This book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers. In addition, it can be used in the classroom for undergraduate and graduate Ph.D. students focusing on elaboration of new analytical procedures for organic and inorganic compounds determination in different kinds of samples characterized by complex matrices composition.Jacek Namieśnik was a Professor at the Department of Analytical Chemistry, Gdańsk University of Technology, Poland. Justyna Płotka-Wasylka is a teacher and researcher at the same department.

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths

Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths
  • Author : Dezhi Qi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-15
  • Total pages :804
  • ISBN : 9780128139219
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Summary : Hydrometallurgy of Rare Earths: Extraction and Separation provides the basic knowledge for rare earth extraction and separation, including flow sheet selection criteria and related technology. The book includes the latest research findings on all rare earth separation processes, methods of controlling operation costs, and strategies that help lower wastewater and waste solid discharge. It discusses many real process parameters and actual situations in rare earth separation plants, also examining the basic principles, technologies, process parameters and advances and achievements in the area of rare earth extraction and separation. In addition, the book covers extraction separation theory as developed by Professor Guanxian Xu and Professor Chunhua Yan and the creative use of a computational simulation program to replace the bench scale and pilot plant tests and directly design rare earth extraction separation processes. Outlines the theory of solvent extraction and separation of rare earths (REs) Provides the necessary tools for a REs separation plant design Includes a unique simulation program for the calculation of all process parameters Includes Chinese nomenclature that is useful for identifying the various processes, also comparing it to the global literature

Recent Advances in Ionic Liquids

Recent Advances in Ionic Liquids
  • Author : Mohammed Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-26
  • Total pages :192
  • ISBN : 9781789841176
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Summary : Recent Advances in Ionic Liquids contains research on the preparation, characterization, and potential applications of stable ionic liquids (ILs). ILs are a class of low- and stable-melting point, ionic compounds that have a variety of properties allowing many of them to be sustainable green solvents. It is promising novel research from top to bottom and has received a lot of interest over the last few decades. It covers the advanced topics of physical, catalytic, chemical, polymeric, and potential applications of ILs. This book features interesting reports on cutting-edge science and technology related to the preparation, characterization, polymerization, and potential applications of ILs. This potentially unique work offers various approaches on the R

Green Separation Processes

Green Separation Processes
  • Author : Carlos A. M. Afonso,João Pedro G. Crespo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-05-12
  • Total pages :383
  • ISBN : 9783527606818
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Summary : This timely book is the first to provide a comprehensive overview of all important aspects of this modern technology with the focus on the "green aspect". The expert authors present everything from reactions without solvents to nanostructures for separation methods, from combinatorial chemistry on solid phase to dendrimers. The result is a ready reference packed full of valuable facts on the latest developments in the field - high-quality information otherwise widely spread throughout articles and reviews. From the contents: * Green chemistry for sustainable development * New synthetic methodologies and the demand for adequate separation processes * New developments in separation processes * Future trends and needs It is a "must-have" for every researcher in the field.

Green Chemistry and Engineering

Green Chemistry and Engineering
  • Author : Mukesh Doble,Ken Rollins,Anil Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-27
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 008052477X
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Summary : Chemical processes provide a diverse array of valuable products and materials used in applications ranging from health care to transportation and food processing. Yet these same chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies, also generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions. Green Chemistry is the utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in design. Due to extravagant costs needed to managing these wastes, tens of billions of dollars a year, there is a need to propose a way to create less waste. Emission and treatment standards continue to become more stringent, which causes these costs to continue to escalate. Green Chemistry and Engineering describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste. It explores the use of milder manufacturing conditions resulting from the use of smarter organic synthetic techniques and the maintenance of atom efficiency that can temper the effects of chemical processes. By implementing these techniques means less waste, which will save industry millions of dollars over time. Chemical processes that provide products and materials essential to modern economies generate substantial quantities of wastes and emissions, this new book describes both the science (theory) and engineering (application) principles of Green Chemistry that lead to the generation of less waste This book contains expert advise from scientists around the world, encompassing developments in the field since 2000 Aids manufacturers, scientists, managers, and engineers on how to implement ongoing changes in a vast developing field that is important to the environment and our lives

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-19
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9780521866439
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Summary : IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7

Drinking Water and Health, Volume 7
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Safe Drinking Water Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987-02-01
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9780309037419
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Summary : Chlorination in various forms has been the predominant method of drinking water disinfection in the United States for more than 70 years. The seventh volume of the Drinking Water and Health series addresses current methods of drinking water disinfection and compares standard chlorination techniques with alternative methods. Currently used techniques are discussed in terms of their chemical activity, and their efficacy against waterborne pathogens, including bacteria, cysts, and viruses, is compared. Charts, tables, graphs, and case studies are used to analyze the effectiveness of chlorination, chloramination, and ozonation as disinfectant processes and to compare these methods for their production of toxic by-products. Epidemiological case studies on the toxicological effects of chemical by-products in drinking water are also presented.

Solvent Microextraction

Solvent Microextraction
  • Author : John M Kokosa,Andrzej Przyjazny,Michael Jeannot
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-05
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 9780470278598
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Summary : This book offers both a practical as well a theoretical approach to Solvent Microextraction (SME) and will help analytical chemists to evaluate SME for a given sample preparation. Introductory chapters overview a comparison of SME with other sample preparation methods, a summary of the technical aspects, and a detailed theoretical treatment of SME. The book then describes the practical aspects of the technique, with detailed “how to” chapters devoted to the preparation and analysis of atmospheric, solid and liquid environmental, clinical and industrial samples. This text will serve as both a handy laboratory desk-reference and an indispensible instructional tool.

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis

Environmental Applications of Instrumental Chemical Analysis
  • Author : Mahmood Barbooti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-15
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9781482262643
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Summary : This book is a comprehensive review of the instrumental analytical methods and their use in environmental monitoring site assessment and remediation follow-up operations. The increased concern about environmental issues such as water pollution, air pollution, accumulation of pollutants in food, global climate change, and effective remediation processes necessitate the precise determination of various types of chemicals in environmental samples. In general, all stages of environmental work start with the evaluation of organic and inorganic environmental samples. This important book furnishes the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods to various environmental applications and also covers recent developments in instrumental chemical methods. Covering a wide variety of topics in the field, the book: • Presents an introduction to environmental chemistry • Presents the fundamentals of instrumental chemical analysis methods that are used mostly in the environmental work. • Examines instrumental methods of analysis including UV/Vis, FTIR, atomic absorption, induced coupled plasma emission, electrochemical methods like potentiometry, voltametry, coulometry, and chromatographic methods such as GC and HPLC • Presents newly introduced chromatographic methodologies such as ion electrophoresis, and combinations of chromatography with pyrolysis methods are given • Discusses selected methods for the determinations of various pollutants in water, air, and land Readers will gain a general review of modern instrumental method of chemical analysis that is useful in environmental work and will learn how to select methods for analyzing certain samples. Analytical instrumentation and its underlying principles are presented, along with the types of sample for which each instrument is best suited. Some noninstrumental techniques, such as colorimetric detection tubes for gases and immnosassays, are also discussed.

Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis

Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis
  • Author : Mihkel Koel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-09
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9781420046472
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Summary : An Overview of a Rapidly Expanding Area in Chemistry Exploring the future in chemical analysis research, Ionic Liquids in Chemical Analysis focuses on materials that promise entirely new ways to perform solution chemistry. It provides a broad overview of the applications of ionic liquids in various areas of analytical chemistry, in

Water Quality Assessments

Water Quality Assessments
  • Author : Deborah V Chapman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-08-22
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780419215905
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Summary : This guidebook, now thoroughly updated and revised in its second edition, gives comprehensive advice on the designing and setting up of monitoring programmes for the purpose of providing valid data for water quality assessments in all types of freshwater bodies. It is clearly and concisely written in order to provide the essential information for all agencies and individuals responsible for the water quality.

Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry

Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Miguel de la Guardia,Salvador Garrigues
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-23
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 9780470972014
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Summary : The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for operators and the environment. In recent years there have been significant developments in methodological and technological tools to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement, reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents. The Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the present state and recent developments in green chemical analysis. A series of detailed chapters, written by international specialists in the field, discuss the fundamental principles of green analytical chemistry and present a catalogue of tools for developing environmentally friendly analytical techniques. Topics covered include: Concepts: Fundamental principles, education, laboratory experiments and publication in green analytical chemistry. The Analytical Process: Green sampling techniques and sample preparation, direct analysis of samples, green methods for capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, atomic spectroscopy, solid phase molecular spectroscopy, derivative molecular spectroscopy and electroanalytical methods. Strategies: Energy saving, automation, miniaturization and photocatalytic treatment of laboratory wastes. Fields of Application: Green bioanalytical chemistry, biodiagnostics, environmental analysis and industrial analysis. This advanced handbook is a practical resource for experienced analytical chemists who are interested in implementing green approaches in their work.

Green Analytical Chemistry

Green Analytical Chemistry
  • Author : Miguel de la Guardia,Sergio Armenta
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-27
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 0444537104
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Summary : This book provides basic coverage of the fundamentals and principles of green chemistry as it applies to chemical analysis. The main goal of Green Analytical Chemistry is to avoid or reduce the undesirable environmental side effects of chemical analysis, while preserving the classic analytical parameters of accuracy, sensitivity, selectivity, and precision. The authors review the main strategies for greening analytical methods, concentrating on minimizing sample preparation and handling, reducing solvent and reagent consumption, reducing energy consumption, minimizing of waste, operator safety and the economic savings that this approach offers. Suggestions are made to educators and editors to standardize terminology in order to facilitate the identification of analytical studies on green alternatives in the literature because there is not a wide and generalized use of a common term that can group efforts to prevent waste, avoid the use of potentially toxic reagents or solvents and those involving the decontamination of wastes. provides environmentally-friendly alternatives to established analytical practice focuses on the cost-saving opportunities offered emphasis on laboratory personnel safety

A Research Agenda for Transforming Separation Science

A Research Agenda for Transforming Separation Science
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on a Research Agenda for a New Era in Separation Science
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-30
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9780309491709
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Summary : Separation science plays a critical role in maintaining our standard of living and quality of life. Many industrial processes and general necessities such as chemicals, medicines, clean water, safe food, and energy sources rely on chemical separations. However, the process of chemical separations is often overlooked during product development and this has led to inefficiency, unnecessary waste, and lack of consensus among chemists and engineers. A reevaluation of system design, establishment of standards, and an increased focus on the advancement of separation science are imperative in supporting increased efficiency, continued U.S. manufacturing competitiveness, and public welfare. A Research Agenda for Transforming Separation Science explores developments in the industry since the 1987 National Academies report, Separation and Purification: Critical Needs and Opportunities. Many needs stated in the original report remain today, in addition to a variety of new challenges due to improved detection limits, advances in medicine, and a recent emphasis on sustainability and environmental stewardship. This report examines emerging chemical separation technologies, relevant developments in intersecting disciplines, and gaps in existing research, and provides recommendations for the application of improved separation science technologies and processes. This research serves as a foundation for transforming separation science, which could reduce global energy use, improve human and environmental health, and advance more efficient practices in various industries.

Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products

Recent Advances in Redox Active Plant and Microbial Products
  • Author : Claus Jacob,Gilbert Kirsch,Alan Slusarenko,Paul G. Winyard,Torsten Burkholz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-25
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 9789401789530
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Summary : Nature endows us with a treasure chest of Green Gold full of amazing ‘redox-active’ substances which interfere with numerous biological processes in our own body, in animals, bacteria, fungi and plants. Whilst such natural products are all around and also in us, we still do not fully understand how these compounds actually work. This book attempts to resolve some of the mysteries and riddles associated with such products. Written by more than thirty international experts from academia and industry, it places a focus on modern developments in this field and considers such natural products from various angles, from their isolation and characterization all along to product development and commercialization. Throughout, the reader will be confronted with modern approaches which enable the efficient identification and isolation of new natural products, help to elucidate their mode(s) of action and permit practical uses in Medicine, Cosmetics, Agriculture, Industry and as functional foods.

Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems

Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems
  • Author : Ferhan Çeçen,Ulaş Tezel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-15
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9781780407708
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Summary : Hazardous pollutants are a growing concern in treatment engineering. In the past, biological treatment was mainly used for the removal of bulk organic matter and the nutrients nitrogen and phosphorous. However, relatively recently the issue of hazardous pollutants, which are present at very low concentrations in wastewaters and waters but are very harmful to both ecosystems and humans, is becoming increasingly important. Today, treatment of hazardous pollutants in the water environment becomes a challenge as the water quality standards become stricter. Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems focuses entirely on hazardous pollutants in biological treatment and gives an elaborate insight into their fate and effects during biological treatment of wastewater and water. Currently, in commercial and industrial products and processes, thousands of chemicals are used that reach water. Many of those chemicals are carcinogens, mutagens, endocrine disruptors and toxicants. Therefore, water containing hazardous pollutants should be treated before discharged to the environment or consumed by humans. This book first addresses the characteristics, occurrence and origin of hazardous organic and inorganic pollutants. Then, it concentrates on the fate and effects of these pollutants in biological wastewater and drinking water treatment units. It also provides details about analysis of hazardous pollutants, experimental methodologies, computational tools used to assist experiments, evaluation of experimental data and examination of microbial ecology by molecular microbiology and genetic tools. Hazardous Pollutants in Biological Treatment Systems is an essential resource to the researcher or the practitioner who is already involved with hazardous pollutants and biological processes or intending to do so. The text will also be useful for professionals working in the field of water and wastewater treatment.

Sample Preparation in Chromatography

Sample Preparation in Chromatography
  • Author : S.C. Moldoveanu,V. David
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-05-08
  • Total pages :942
  • ISBN : 0080540708
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Summary : Sample preparation is an essential step in many analyses. This book approaches the topic of sample preparation in chromatography in a methodical way, viewing it as a logical connection between sample collection and analytical chromatography. Providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis, this book describes various ways to process the sample, explaining the principle, discussing the advantages and disadvantages, describing the applicability to different types of samples, and showing the fitness to specific chromatographic determinations. The first part of the book contains an overview of sample preparation showing its relation to sample collection and to the core chromatographic analysis. The second part covers procedures that do not use chemical modifications of the analyte and includes methods for sample dissolution, concentration and cleanup designed mainly for modifying the initial matrix of the sample. This part starts with conventional separations such as filtration and distillation and finishes with more advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction and electroseparations. The third part gives a description of the chemical modifications that can be performed on a sample either for fractionation purposes or to improve a specific property of the analyte. This part includes derivatizations, polymer chemical degradations, and pyrolysis.

Toxicology Studies

Toxicology Studies
  • Author : Ana Cristina Andreazza,Gustavo Scola
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-07-08
  • Total pages :244
  • ISBN : 9789535121404
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Summary : The increased exposure to toxins, toxicants and novel drugs has promoted toxicology to become one of the most important areas of research with emerging innovative toxicity testing protocols, techniques, and regulation being placed. Since the bioactivation of many toxins and toxicants and its consequences on human health are not clearly known, this book offers a quick overview of cellular toxicology through the cell, drug and environmental toxicity. This book does not strive to be comprehensive but instead offers a quick overview of principle aspects of toxins and toxicants in order to familiarize the key principles of toxicology. The book is divided into three main sections,; the first one discusses the role of mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and mitochondrial drug development. The second and third sections bring light to forensic toxicology and drug poisoning followed by environmental toxicity.

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles

Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles
  • Author : Goutam Brahmachari
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-26
  • Total pages :646
  • ISBN : 9780323851305
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Summary : Green Synthetic Approaches for Biologically Relevant Heterocycles, Second Edition, Volume One: Advanced Synthetic Techniques reviews this significant group of organic compounds within the context of sustainable methods and processes, expanding on the first edition with fully updated coverage and a whole range of new chapters. Volume One explores advanced synthetic techniques, with each chapter presenting in-depth coverage of various green protocols for the synthesis of a wide variety of bioactive heterocycles that are classified on the basis of ring-size and/or the presence of heteroatoms. Techniques covered range from high pressure cycloaddition reactions and microwave irradiation to sustainable one-pot domino reactions. This updated edition is an essential resource on sustainable approaches for academic researchers, R&D professionals, and students working across medicinal, organic, natural product and green chemistry. Provides fully updated coverage of the field of greener heterocycle synthesis Includes new chapters on varied multicomponent reactions, alongside both traditional and novel approaches Presents information in an accessible style with an emphasis on sustainability