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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials
  • Author : Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-28
  • Total pages :514
  • ISBN : 9780081000557
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Summary : Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials

Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials
  • Author : Kent A. Harries,Bhavna Sharma
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-18
  • Total pages :716
  • ISBN : 9780081027059
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Summary : Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications, Second Edition covers the topic by taking into account sustainability, the conservation movement, and current interests in cultural identity and its preservation. This updated edition presents case studies, information on relevant codes and regulations, and how they apply (or do not apply) to nocmats. Leading international experts contribute chapters on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Sections review vernacular construction, provide future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research, focus on natural fibers, and cover the use of industrial byproducts and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete. Takes a scientifically rigorous approach to vernacular and non-conventional building materials and their applications Includes a series of case studies and new material on codes and regulations, thus providing an invaluable compendium of practical knowhow Presents the wider context of materials science and its applications in the sustainability agenda

Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies

Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies
  • Author : Khosrow Ghavami,Pedro Jesús Herrera Franco
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-25
  • Total pages :820
  • ISBN : 9781945291838
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Summary : The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations. Keywords: Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes.

Sustainable Vernacular Architecture

Sustainable Vernacular Architecture
  • Author : Ali Sayigh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-29
  • Total pages :437
  • ISBN : 9783030061852
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Summary : ​This book discusses applying vernacular strategies to modern architectural design to adhere to basic green principles of energy efficiency and materials utilization. Written from an international perspective, chapters present the perspectives and experiences of architects and engineers from across the globe. Historically successful approaches are integrated with modern design concepts to create novel, sustainable, and resource conscious solutions. The scope of topics covered include natural ventilation, cooling and heating, daylight and shading devices, and green micro-climate and functional facades, making this a useful reference for a wide range of researchers and workers in the built environment. Covers the most up-to-date research developments, best practices, and innovations from countries all over the globe; Presents the latest research in vernacular architecture and sustainable building; Contains case studies and examples to enhance practical application of the technologies presented.

Sustainability of Construction Materials

Sustainability of Construction Materials
  • Author : Jamal Khatib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-12
  • Total pages :742
  • ISBN : 9780081003916
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Summary : Sustainability of Construction Materials, Second Edition, explores an increasingly important aspect of construction. In recent years, serious consideration has been given to environmental and societal issues in the manufacturing, use, disposal, and recycling of construction materials. This book provides comprehensive and detailed analysis of the sustainability issues associated with these materials, mainly in relation to the constituent materials, processing, recycling, and lifecycle environmental impacts. The contents of each chapter reflect the individual aspects of the material that affect sustainability, such as the preservation and repair of timber, the use of cement replacements in concrete, the prevention and control of metal corrosion and the crucial role of adhesives in wood products. Provides helpful guidance on lifecycle assessment, durability, recycling, and the engineering properties of construction materials Fully updated to take on new developments, with an additional nineteen chapters added to include natural stone, polymers and plastics, and plaster products Provides essential reading for individuals at all levels who are involved in the construction and selection, assessment and use, and maintenance of materials

Novel and Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainability

Novel and Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies for Sustainability
  • Author : Yan Xiao,Zhi Li,Rui Wang,Bo Shan,Khosrow Ghavami
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-06-26
  • Total pages :980
  • ISBN : 9783038138495
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Summary : Volume is indexed by Thomson Reuters CPCI-S (WoS). The 13th NOCMAT Conference continued to provide a forum where researchers, governmental and non-governmental agencies could introduce their research results concerning innovations in the field of low-cost energy-saving materials which are renewable and locally available: such as bamboo, soil fibers and cement alternatives. Also covered were technologies which make use of such non-conventional materials as natural fibers and agricultural and industrial residues in a more cost-effective, durable, environment-friendly, energy-efficient and sustainable manner.

Portugal SB07 Sustainable Construction, Materials and Practices

Portugal SB07 Sustainable Construction, Materials and Practices
  • Author : Luís Bragança
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-01
  • Total pages :1154
  • ISBN : 9781586037857
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Summary : The construction industry is a vibrant and active industry. The building sector is responsible for creating, modifying and improving the living environment of humanity. This volume presents solutions that facilitate and promote the adoption of policies, methods and tools to accelerate the movement towards a global sustainable built environment.

Renewable Energy and Environment

Renewable Energy and Environment
  • Author : A. N. Mathur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :522
  • ISBN : UOM:39015028407149
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Insulation Materials in Context of Sustainability

Insulation Materials in Context of Sustainability
  • Author : Amjad Almusaed,Asaad Almssad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-31
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9789535126249
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Summary : This book gives information and guidance on important subjects. It presents the major and efficient applications for efficient insulation materials. The book is divided into two parts. Part I discusses ecological insulation materials. In this part, the three sub-subjects are drafting, Unconventional insulation materials, Jute-Based Insulation Material, and Possible Applications of Corn Cob as a Raw Insulation Material. Part II: discusses Practical Applying and Performance of Insulation Materials (case studies), where three sub-subjects are drafting seismic aspects of the application of thermal insulation boards beneath the building's foundations, flammability of bio-based rigid polyurethane foam thermal insulation, and the review of some commonly used methods and techniques to measure the thermal conductivity of insulation materials.

Ecohouse

Ecohouse
  • Author : Sue Roaf,Manuel Fuentes,Stephanie Thomas-Rees
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-19
  • Total pages :500
  • ISBN : 9781317535621
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Summary : Sue Roaf is famed for her approach to design and her awareness of energy efficiency. Here she reveals the concepts, structures and techniques that lie behind the realization of her ideals. By using her own house as a case study, Roaf guides the reader through the ideas for energy-efficient design or 'eco-design'. Now in its fourth edition, the bestselling Ecohouse continues to be both a technical guide and an inspiration for thousands of architects, designers and eco-builders all over the world. Ecohouse provides design information about the latest low-impact materials and technologies, showcasing the newest and best ‘green’ solutions. Revised and updated, this edition also includes new case studies inspiring readers with more real-life examples of how to make an ecohouse work.

Construction for Landscape Architecture

Construction for Landscape Architecture
  • Author : Robert Holden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-18
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781780675008
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Summary : Construction for Landscape Architecture covers all aspects of landscape construction, giving a good understanding of building materials and assembly. It is heavily illustrated with specially commissioned, detailed construction drawings and has a strong emphasis on sustainability and good practice. At the end of the book there is an extensive glossary and an appendix of technical information.

Social Housing in the Middle East

Social Housing in the Middle East
  • Author : Mohammad Gharipour,Kivanc Kilinc
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-05
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780253039873
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Summary : As oil-rich countries in the Middle East are increasingly associated with soaring skyscrapers and modern architecture, attention is being diverted away from the pervasive struggles of social housing in those same urban settings. Social Housing in the Middle East traces the history of social housing—both gleaming postmodern projects and bare-bones urban housing structures—in an effort to provide a wider understanding of marginalized spaces and their impact on identities, communities, and class. While architects may have envisioned utopian or futuristic experiments, these buildings were often constructed with the knowledge and skill sets of local workers, and the housing was in turn adapted to suit the modern needs of residents. This tension between local needs and national aspirations are linked to issues of global importance, including security, migration, and refugee resettlement. The essays collected here consider how culture, faith, and politics influenced the solutions offered by social housing; they provide an insightful look at how social housing has evolved since the 19th century and how it will need to adapt to suit the 21st.

Architecture for the Poor

Architecture for the Poor
  • Author : Hassan Fathy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-15
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 0226239144
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Summary : Architecture for the Poor describes Hassan Fathy's plan for building the village of New Gourna, near Luxor, Egypt, without the use of more modern and expensive materials such as steel and concrete. Using mud bricks, the native technique that Fathy learned in Nubia, and such traditional Egyptian architectural designs as enclosed courtyards and vaulted roofing, Fathy worked with the villagers to tailor his designs to their needs. He taught them how to work with the bricks, supervised the erection of the buildings, and encouraged the revival of such ancient crafts as claustra (lattice designs in the mudwork) to adorn the buildings.

Impact: Design With All Senses

Impact: Design With All Senses
  • Author : Christoph Gengnagel,Olivier Baverel,Jane Burry,Mette Ramsgaard Thomsen,Stefan Weinzierl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-28
  • Total pages :793
  • ISBN : 9783030298296
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Summary : This book reflects and expands on the current trend in the building industry to understand, simulate and ultimately design buildings by taking into consideration the interlinked elements and forces that act on them. Shifting away from the traditional focus, which was exclusively on building tasks, this approach presents new challenges in all areas of the industry, from material and structural to the urban scale. The book presents contributions including research papers and case studies, providing a comprehensive overview of the field as well as perspectives from related disciplines, such as computer science. The chapter authors were invited speakers at the 7th Symposium “Impact: Design With All Senses”, which took place at the University of the Arts in Berlin in September 2019.

Sustainable Development and Renovation in Architecture, Urbanism and Engineering

Sustainable Development and Renovation in Architecture, Urbanism and Engineering
  • Author : Pilar Mercader-Moyano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-17
  • Total pages :455
  • ISBN : 9783319514420
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the environmental problems that arise from construction activity, focusing on refurbishment as an alternative to the current crisis in the construction sector, as well as on measures designed to minimize the effects on the environment. Furthermore, it offers professionals insights into alternative eco-efficient solutions using new materials to minimize environmental impacts and offers solutions that they can incorporate into their own designs and buildings. It also demonstrates best practices in the cooperation between various universities in Andalusia in Spain and Latin America and many public and private companies and organizations. This book serves as a valuable reference resource for professionals and researchers and provides an overview on the status of investigations to find solutions to improve sustainable development in terms of materials, systems, facilities, neighborhoods, buildings, and awareness of the society involved.

Architectural Graphic Standards

Architectural Graphic Standards
  • Author : American Institute of Architects,Keith E. Hedges
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-16
  • Total pages :688
  • ISBN : 9781119312734
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Summary : The gold-standard design and documentation reference for students Architectural Graphic Standards, Student Edition condenses key information from the definitive industry reference to provide students with a powerful learning resource. Covering design and documentation for a variety of projects, this book offers extensive visuals backed by expert discussion to prepare students for work in a modern professional practice. This new 12th edition has been significantly updated to provide the latest information on important architectural developments and movements, with detailed coverage of sustainability, economy, technology, and more alongside current building standards and best practices. The companion website features sample curricula, student exercises, and classroom projects to aid the understanding of developing designers, and links to additional resources include professional associations, manufacturers' websites, and architectural articles to help students stay up-to-date as the field continues to evolve. Architectural Graphic Standards is the gold-standard reference for practicing architects, engineers, and builders; this Student Edition introduces key elements in a way that's relevant to the budding designer, along with ancillary materials that facilitate internalization. Delve into the design and documentation process for building materials and elements, as used in today's real-world practice Discover the latest advances in sustainability, digital fabrication, building information modeling, and more Learn the building standards and best practices for a wide variety of architectural details Examine thousands of illustrations, richly detailed graphics, PowerPoint slides, and links to additional resources Simply "knowing" graphic and documentation standards is not enough; future architects and engineers must develop an instinctual understanding and reflexive use of much of this material. Architectural Graphic Standards, Student Edition provides the depth and breadth of coverage they need, and the expert guidance that will help them succeed.

Sustainable Building with Earth

Sustainable Building with Earth
  • Author : Horst Schroeder
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-28
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9783319194912
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Summary : This book provides an insightful overview of the current state of earth building. The author approaches the subject from the perspective of the building material’s life cycle, featuring in-depth explanations of the cycle's individual steps: extraction and classification of construction soil; production of earth building materials and earthen structures; planning, construction and renovation of earth buildings; and demolition and recycling of earthen structures. This unique resource provides examples of sophisticated earth building projects and illustrates the diverse applications of earth as a building material. Compared to conventional mineral building materials, earth possesses particularly positive ecological qualities such as its energy balance and recyclability. Architects, engineers, students, manufacturers and distributors of building materials, building contractors, building biologists, public authorities and preservationists will benefit from this book’s ample coverage of restoring, optimizing and building with this material of the past, present and future.

Safer Homes, Stronger Communities

Safer Homes, Stronger Communities
  • Author : Abhas K. Jha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-15
  • Total pages :404
  • ISBN : 0821382683
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Summary : This handbook is designed to guide public sector managers and development practitioners through the process of large-scale housing reconstruction after major disasters, based on the experiences of recent reconstruction programs in Aceh (Indonesia), Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Gujarat (India) and Bam (Iran).

Appropriate Building Materials

Appropriate Building Materials
  • Author : Roland Stulz,Kiran Mukerji
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :430
  • ISBN : 0946688281
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Ozark Vernacular Houses

Ozark Vernacular Houses
  • Author : Jean Sizemore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : UOM:39015017431134
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Summary : Over 160 photographs, drawings, and maps provide examples of the four traditional house types - the single pen, the double pen, the dogtrot, and the I-house - and reveal the unity of a distinctive culture in the Arkansas Ozarks.

Environment and Food

Environment and Food
  • Author : Colin Sage
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-07
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781134229017
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Summary : This timely book provides a thorough introduction to the inter-relationship of food and the environment. Its primary purpose is to bring to our attention the multiplicity of linkages and interconnections between what we eat and how this impacts on the earth’s resources. Having a better idea of the consequences of our food choices might encourage us to develop more sustainable practices of production and consumption in the decades ahead. Although human societies have, over time, brought under control a large proportion of the earth’s resources for the purpose of food production, we remain subject to the effective functioning of global ecosystem services. The author highlights the vital importance of these services and explains why we should be concerned about the depletion of freshwater resources, soil fertility decline and loss of biological diversity. The book also tackles some of the enormous challenges of our era: climate change – to which the agri-food system is both a major contributor and a vulnerable sector – and the prospect of significantly higher energy prices, arising from the peaking of oil and gas supplies which will reveal how dependent the food system has become upon cheap fossil fuels. Such challenges are likely to have significant implications for the long-term functioning of global supply chains and raise profound questions regarding the nutritional security of the world’s population. Taken together the book argues that a re-examination of the assumptions and practices underpinning the contemporary food system is urgently required. Environment and Food is a highly original, inter-disciplinary and accessible text that will be of interest to students and the wider public genuinely interested in and concerned by the state of the world’s food provisioning system. It is richly illustrated with figures and makes extensive use of boxes to highlight relevant examples.