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Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-16
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 9780444595812
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Summary : Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and may lead to self-organized structures, fluctuations, instabilities, and evolutionary systems. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Third Edition emphasizes the unifying role of thermodynamics in analyzing the natural phenomena. This third edition updates and expands on the first and second editions by focusing on the general balance equations for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. The new edition contains a new chapter on stochastic approaches to include the statistical thermodynamics, mesoscopic nonequilibrium thermodynamics, fluctuation theory, information theory, and modeling the coupled biochemical systems in thermodynamic analysis. This new addition also comes with more examples and practice problems. Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Contributions from leading authorities and industry experts A useful text for seniors and graduate students from diverse engineering and science programs to analyze some nonequilibrium, coupled, evolutionary, stochastic, and dissipative processes Highlights fundamentals of equilibrium thermodynamics, transport processes and chemical reactions Expands the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in coupled transport processes and chemical reactions in physical, chemical, and biological systems Presents a unified analysis for transport and rate processes in various time and space scales Discusses stochastic approaches in thermodynamic analysis including fluctuation and information theories Has 198 fully solved examples and 287 practice problems An Instructor Resource containing the Solution Manual can be obtained from the author: [email protected]

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : S. R. De Groot,P. Mazur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-23
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9780486153506
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Summary : Classic monograph treats irreversible processes and phenomena of thermodynamics: non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Covers statistical foundations and applications with chapters on fluctuation theory, theory of stochastic processes, kinetic theory of gases, more.

Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Understanding Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : Georgy Lebon,David Jou
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-01-12
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 3540742522
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Summary : Discover the many facets of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. The first part of this book describes the current thermodynamic formalism recognized as the classical theory. The second part focuses on different approaches. Throughout the presentation, the emphasis is on problem-solving applications. To help build your understanding, some problems have been analyzed using several formalisms to underscore their differences and their similarities.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : Yasar Demirel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-10
  • Total pages :754
  • ISBN : 008055136X
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Summary : Natural phenomena consist of simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions. These processes may interact with each other and lead to instabilities, fluctuations, and evolutionary systems. This book explores the unifying role of thermodynamics in natural phenomena. Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics, Second Edition analyzes the transport processes of energy, mass, and momentum transfer processes, as well as chemical reactions. It considers various processes occurring simultaneously, and provides students with more realistic analysis and modeling by accounting possible interactions between them. This second edition updates and expands on the first edition by focusing on the balance equations of mass, momentum, energy, and entropy together with the Gibbs equation for coupled processes of physical, chemical, and biological systems. Every chapter contains examples and practical problems to be solved. This book will be effective in senior and graduate education in chemical, mechanical, systems, biomedical, tissue, biological, and biological systems engineering, as well as physical, biophysical, biological, chemical, and biochemical sciences. Will help readers in understanding and modelling some of the coupled and complex systems, such as coupled transport and chemical reaction cycles in biological systems Presents a unified approach for interacting processes - combines analysis of transport and rate processes Introduces the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics and its use in simultaneously occurring transport processes and chemical reactions of physical, chemical, and biological systems A useful text for students taking advanced thermodynamics courses

Thermodynamics of Non-Equilibrium Processes for Chemists with a Particular Application to Catalysis

Thermodynamics of Non-Equilibrium Processes for Chemists with a Particular Application to Catalysis
  • Author : V. Parmon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-26
  • Total pages :340
  • ISBN : 0080931960
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Summary : Thermodynamics of Non-Equilibrium Processes for Chemists with a Particular Application to Catalysis consists of materials adapted from lectures on the thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes that have been taught at the Department of Natural Sciences of Novosibirsk State University since 1995. The thermodynamics of nonequilibrium processes traditionally required students to have a strong background in physics. However, the materials featured in this volume allow anyone with knowledge in classical thermodynamics of equilibrium processes and traditional chemical kinetics to understand the subject. Topics discussed include systems in the thermodynamics of irreversible processes; thermodynamics of systems that are close to and far from equilibrium; thermodynamics of catalysts; the application of nonequilibrium thermodynamics to material science; and the relationship between entropy and information. This book will be helpful for research into complex chemical transformations, particularly catalytic transformations. Applies simple approaches of non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyzing properties of chemically reactive systems Covers systems far from equilibrium, allowing the consideration of most chemically reactive systems of a chemical or biological nature This approach resolves many complicated problems in the teaching of chemical kinetics

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 9789814329910
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Summary : The book describes in a simple and practical way what non-equilibrium thermodynamics is and how it can add to engineering fields. It explains how to describe proper equations of transport, more precise than used so far, and how to use them to understand the waste of energy resources in central unit processes in the industry. It introduces the entropy balance as an additional equation to use, to create consistent thermodynamic models, and a systematic method for minimizing energy losses that are connected with transport of heat, mass, charge, momentum and chemical reactions. Readership: Senior undergraduate and graduate students in physics, chemistry, chemical engineering and mechanical engineering.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and the Production of Entropy
  • Author : Axel Kleidon,Ralph D. Lorenz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-11-18
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 3540224955
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Summary : The present volume studies the application of concepts from non-equilibrium thermodynamics to a variety of research topics. Emphasis is on the Maximum Entropy Production (MEP) principle and applications to Geosphere-Biosphere couplings. Written by leading researchers from a wide range of backgrounds, the book presents a first coherent account of an emerging field at the interface of thermodynamics, geophysics and life sciences.

Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics: From Principles to Applications in Nanosystems

Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics: From Principles to Applications in Nanosystems
  • Author : Hatim Machrafi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-08
  • Total pages :211
  • ISBN : 9781351021920
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Summary : Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics provides powerful tools departing not from empirical or statistical considerations but from fundamental thermodynamic laws, proposing final solutions that are readily usable and recognizable for students, researchers and industry. The book deals with methods that allow combining easily the present theory with other fields of science, such as fluid and solid mechanics, heat and mass transfer processes, electricity and thermoelectricity, and so on. Not only are such combinations facilitated, but they are incorporated into the developments in such a way that they become part of the theory. This book aims at providing for a systematic presentation of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics in nanosystems with a high degree of applicability. Furthermore, the book deals with how physical properties of systems behave as a function of their size. Moreover, it provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electrical, thermoelectric, photovoltaic and nanofluid properties in nanosystems. Experimental results are used to validate the theory, the comparison is analysed, justified and discussed, and the theory is then again used to understand better experimental observations. The new developments in this book, being recognizable in relation with familiar concepts, should make it appealing for academics and researchers to teach and apply and graduate students to use. The text in this book is intended to bring attention to how the theory can be applied to real-life applications in nanoscaled environments. Case studies, and applications of theories, are explored including thereby nanoporous systems, solar panels, nanomedicine drug permeation and properties of nanoporous scaffolds. Explores new generalized thermodynamic models Provides introductory context of Extended Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics within classical thermodynamics, theoretical fundamentals and several applications in nanosystems Provides for a systematic approach to understand the behavior of thermal, electric, thermoelectric and viscous properties as a function of several parameters in nanosystems Includes reflections to encourage the reader to think further and put the information into context Examines future developments of new constitutive equations and theories and places them in the framework of real-life applications in the energetic and medical sectors, such as photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices, nanoporous media, drug delivery and scaffolds

Statistical Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes

Statistical Thermodynamics of Nonequilibrium Processes
  • Author : Joel Keizer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :506
  • ISBN : 9781461210542
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Summary : The structure of the theory ofthermodynamics has changed enormously since its inception in the middle of the nineteenth century. Shortly after Thomson and Clausius enunciated their versions of the Second Law, Clausius, Maxwell, and Boltzmann began actively pursuing the molecular basis of thermo dynamics, work that culminated in the Boltzmann equation and the theory of transport processes in dilute gases. Much later, Onsager undertook the elucidation of the symmetry oftransport coefficients and, thereby, established himself as the father of the theory of nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Com bining the statistical ideas of Gibbs and Langevin with the phenomenological transport equations, Onsager and others went on to develop a consistent statistical theory of irreversible processes. The power of that theory is in its ability to relate measurable quantities, such as transport coefficients and thermodynamic derivatives, to the results of experimental measurements. As powerful as that theory is, it is linear and limited in validity to a neighborhood of equilibrium. In recent years it has been possible to extend the statistical theory of nonequilibrium processes to include nonlinear effects. The modern theory, as expounded in this book, is applicable to a wide variety of systems both close to and far from equilibrium. The theory is based on the notion of elementary molecular processes, which manifest themselves as random changes in the extensive variables characterizing a system. The theory has a hierarchical character and, thus, can be applied at various levels of molecular detail.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : Istvan Gyarmati
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-13
  • Total pages :184
  • ISBN : 9783642510670
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Summary : Although nearly three years have elapsed since the publication of this work in Hungarian, it was decided to publish the English edition in the same form as the original, apart from some minor modifications. Since, recent research has been directed to the development of an exact theory of non-linear irreversible processes; we suggest to readers interested in similar tasks - such as the continuation of this boo- that they should study some new publications: "On the most general form of the Thermodynamic Integral Principle", Z. phys. Chem. 239 (1968) 133, and particularly: "On the Governing Principle of Dissi pative Processes", Ann. Phys. 7 (1969) 23. I have to thank my wife and Mr. W.F.HEINZ for the translation of the very concise Hungarian text. I also wish to express my gratitude to Dr. L.KARADI and Mr. Gy. VINCZE for reading the typescript with such care and to Mrs. A. R6sZLER, who typed the manuscript with great patience. I am deeply indebted to Professor ISTVAN SZABO for making this edition available so quickly and for including my work in the "En gineering Science Library". Finally, I would like to express my thanks to Springer-Verlag for the excellent edition and to the editorial staff for their readiness to meet my wishes.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Biophysics

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Biophysics
  • Author : A. Katchalsky,Peter F. Curran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-01
  • Total pages :258
  • ISBN : 0674494113
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Summary :

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics for Engineers
  • Author : S Kjelstrup,D Bedeaux,E Johannessen,J Gross
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-28
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9789814360838
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Summary : The book describes in a simple and practical way what non-equilibrium thermodynamics is and how it can add to engineering fields. It explains how to describe proper equations of transport, more precise than used so far, and how to use them to understand the waste of energy resources in central unit processes in the industry. It introduces the entropy balance as an additional equation to use, to create consistent thermodynamic models, and a systematic method for minimizing energy losses that are connected with transport of heat, mass, charge, momentum and chemical reactions.

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I

Nonlinear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics I
  • Author : Rouslan L. Stratonovich
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 9783642773433
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Summary : This book gives the first detailed coherent treatment of a relatively young branch of statistical physics - nonlinear nonequilibrium and fluctuation-dissipative thermo dynamics. This area of research has taken shape fairly recently: its development began in 1959. The earlier theory -linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics - is in principle a simple special case of the new theory. Despite the fact that the title of this book includes the word "nonlinear", it also covers the results of linear nonequilibrium thermodynamics. The presentation of the linear and nonlinear theories is done within a common theoretical framework that is not subject to the linearity condition. The author hopes that the reader will perceive the intrinsic unity of this discipline, and the uniformity and generality of its constituent parts. This theory has a wide variety of applications in various domains of physics and physical chemistry, enabling one to calculate thermal fluctuations in various nonlinear systems. The book is divided into two volumes. Fluctuation-dissipation theorems (or relations) of various types (linear, quadratic and cubic, classical and quantum) are considered in the first volume. Here one encounters the Markov and non-Markov fluctuation-dissipation theorems (FDTs), theorems of the first, second and third kinds. Nonlinear FDTs are less well known than their linear counterparts.

Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics

Equilibrium and Non-Equilibrium Statistical Thermodynamics
  • Author : Michel Le Bellac,Maurice Le Bellac,Fabrice Mortessagne,G. George Batrouni,George Batrouni
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-04-08
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 0521821436
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Summary : Publisher Description

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics

Non-equilibrium thermodynamics and physical kinetics
  • Author : Halid Bikkin,Igor I. Lyapilin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-22
  • Total pages :371
  • ISBN : 9783110373004
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Summary : This graduate textbook covers contemporary directions of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics as well as classical methods of kinetics. Starting from phenomenological non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the kinetic equation method discussed and demonstrated with electrons and phonons in conducting crystals. Linear response theory as well as the non-equilibrium statistical operator and the master equation approach are discussed in the course of the book. With one of the main propositions being to avoid terms such as "obviously" and "it is easy to show", this treatise is an easy-to-read introduction into this traditional, yet vibrant field. Problems and their well-documented solutions included at appropriate points of the narrative allow the reader to actively develop essential parts of the theory himself. From the content: Phenomenological thermodynamics of irreversible processes Brownian motion Kinetic equations in non-equilibrium thermodynamics Kinetic equation for electrons and phonons in conducting crystals Theory of non-linear response to an external mechanical pertubation Non-equilibrium statistical operator method Response of a highly non-equilibrium system to a weakly measuring field Master equation approach

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : Hans Christian Öttinger
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-13
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9780471727910
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Summary : Beyond Equilibrium Thermodynamics fills a niche in the market by providing a comprehensive introduction to a new, emerging topic in the field. The importance of non-equilibrium thermodynamics is addressed in order to fully understand how a system works, whether it is in a biological system like the brain or a system that develops plastic. In order to fully grasp the subject, the book clearly explains the physical concepts and mathematics involved, as well as presenting problems and solutions; over 200 exercises and answers are included. Engineers, scientists, and applied mathematicians can all use the book to address their problems in modelling, calculating, and understanding dynamic responses of materials.

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics

Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : C Kalidas,M V Sangaranarayanan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-01-01
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 0333936868
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Summary : The present work is meant essentially for the postgraduate students of chemistry. A major portion of the book forms part of the curriculum of students of chemistry at the Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai. Additional material has also been added in order to make the book more comprehensive and also to provide a choice of topics to the teachers, depending upon the specific needs of the students.

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Its Statistical Foundations

Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics and Its Statistical Foundations
  • Author : Hans J. Kreuzer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :438
  • ISBN : MINN:31951000534030V
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Summary :

Bioenergetics and Linear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics

Bioenergetics and Linear Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics
  • Author : S. Roy Caplan,Alvin Essig
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4455837
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Summary : No description is available at this time.

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics

Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics
  • Author : Phil Attard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-04
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780191639777
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Summary : `Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics: Foundations and Applications' builds from basic principles to advanced techniques, and covers the major phenomena, methods, and results of time-dependent systems. It is a pedagogic introduction, a comprehensive reference manual, and an original research monograph. Uniquely, the book treats time-dependent systems by close analogy with their static counterparts, with most of the familiar results of equilibrium thermodynamics and statistical mechanics being generalized and applied to the non-equilibrium case. The book is notable for its unified treatment of thermodynamics, hydrodynamics, stochastic processes, and statistical mechanics, for its self-contained, coherent derivation of a variety of non-equilibrium theorems, and for its quantitative tests against experimental measurements and computer simulations. Systems that evolve in time are more common than static systems, and yet until recently they lacked any over-arching theory. 'Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics' is unique in its unified presentation of the theory of non-equilibrium systems, which has now reached the stage of quantitative experimental and computational verification. The novel perspective and deep understanding that this book brings offers the opportunity for new direction and growth in the study of time-dependent phenomena. 'Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics' is an invaluable reference manual for experts already working in the field. Research scientists from different disciplines will find the overview of time-dependent systems stimulating and thought-provoking. Lecturers in physics and chemistry will be excited by many fresh ideas and topics, insightful explanations, and new approaches. Graduate students will benefit from its lucid reasoning and its coherent approach, as well as from the chem12physof mathematical techniques, derivations, and computer algorithms.

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids

Statistical Mechanics of Nonequilibrium Liquids
  • Author : Denis J. Evans,Gary P. Morriss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-01
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781921313233
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Summary : "There is a symbiotic relationship between theoretical nonequilibrium statistical mechanics on the one hand and the theory and practice of computer simulation on the other. Sometimes, the initiative for progress has been with the pragmatic requirements of computer simulation and at other times, the initiative has been with the fundamental theory of nonequilibrium processes. This book summarises progress in this field up to 1990"--Publisher's description.