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Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : J. M. D. Tascón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :686
  • ISBN : 9780080977447
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Summary : Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : Ranjan Ghosal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : OCLC:38502697
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Summary :

Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : Juan M.D. Tascón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-23
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780080977454
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Summary : Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Adsorption and Electrothermal Desorption of Organic Vapors Using Activated Carbon Adsorbents with Novel Morphologies

Adsorption and Electrothermal Desorption of Organic Vapors Using Activated Carbon Adsorbents with Novel Morphologies
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :2723
  • ISBN : OCLC:921932299
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Summary :

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Adsorption by Carbons

Adsorption by Carbons
  • Author : Eduardo J. Bottani,Juan M.D. Tascón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-10
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 0080559425
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Summary : Adsorption by Carbons covers the most significant aspects of adsorption by carbons, attempting to fill the existing gap between the fields of adsorption and carbonaceous materials. Both basic and applied aspects are presented. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to some novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. The first book to address the interplay between carbonaceous materials and adsorption Includes important environmental applications, such as the removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted atmospheres Covers both gas-solid and liquid-solid adsorption

Comparing Metals Adsorption by Carbon Adsorbents

Comparing Metals Adsorption by Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : Yusuf Onundi,Abdullah Al-Mamun,Ma'an Fami Al-Khatib
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02
  • Total pages :188
  • ISBN : 3848414953
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Summary : Pollution of the aquatic environment by heavy metals has detrimental effect on living species. In this work, novel carbon nano-materials (CNM) and commercial granular activated carbon (GAC) adsorbents were evaluated for removal of heavy metal matrix (Cu, Ni and Pb) from aqueous solution to meet Department of Environment (DOE) Malaysia s guideline. Results from the characterization of GAC and CNM showed that GAC had higher surface area and more functional groups. Optimum adsorption capacity of GAC and CNM were observed at pH 5 and 1 g/L dosage, while equilibrium adsorption conditions were generally noticed by 60 minutes of agitation at 100 rpm. The initial metal concentrations and functional groups on adsorbents were the major factors affecting the affinity of metals by both GAC and CNM.

A Novel Carbon Fiber Based Material and Separation Technology

A Novel Carbon Fiber Based Material and Separation Technology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :7
  • ISBN : OCLC:68408644
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Summary : Our novel carbon fiber based adsorbent material shows preferential uptake of CO[sub 2] over other gases. The material has a unique combination of properties, which include a large micropore volume, a large BET surface area, and electrical conductivity. These properties have been exploited to effect the separation of CO[sub 2] from a model gas (CH[sub 4]). Enhanced desorption is achieved using an electrical current passed through the material at low voltage. The manufacture, characterization, and CO[sub 2] adsorption behavior of the materials is reported here, along with our novel electrical swing separation technology.

Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation

Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Teresa J. Bandosz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-27
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780080455952
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Summary : Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation provides a comprehensive summary of the environmental applications of activated carbons. In order to understand the removal of contaminants and pollutants on activated carbons, the theoretical bases of adsorption phenomena are discussed. The effects of pore structure and surface chemistry are also addressed from both science and engineering perspectives. Each chapter provides examples of real applications with an emphasis on the role of the carbon surface in adsorption or reactive adsorption. The practical aspects addressed in this book cover the broad spectrum of applications from air and water cleaning and energy storage to warfare gas removal and biomedical applications. This book can serve as a handbook or reference book for graduate students, researchers and practitioners with an interest in filtration, water treatment, adsorbents and air cleaning, in addition to environmental policies and regulations. Addresses fundamental carbon science and how it relates to applications of carbon surfaces Describes the broad spectrum of activated carbon applications in environmental remediation Serves as a handbook or reference book for graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field

Adsorbents

Adsorbents
  • Author : Ralph T. Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-01
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780471462415
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Summary : Adsorption promises to play an integral role in several futureenergy and environmental technologies, including hydrogen storage,CO removal for fuel cell technology, desulfurization oftransportation fuels, and technologies for meeting higher standardson air and water pollutants. Ralph Yang's Adsorbents provides asingle and comprehensive source of knowledge for all commercial andnew sorbent materials, presenting the fundamental principles fortheir syntheses, their adsorption properties, and their present andpotential applications for separation and purification. Chaptertopics in this authoritative, forward-looking volume include: - Formulas for calculating the basic forces or potentials foradsorption - Calculation of pore-size distribution from a single adsorptionisotherm - Rules for sorbent selection - Fundamental principles for syntheses/preparation, adsorptionproperties, and applications of commercially availablesorbents - Mesoporous molecular sieves and zeolites -¸-complexation sorbents and their applications - Carbon nanotubes, pillared clays, and polymeric resins Yang covers the explosion in the development of new nanoporousmaterials thoroughly, as the adsorption properties of some of thesematerials have remained largely unexplored. The whole of this bookbenefits from the new adsorbent designs made possible by theincrease in desktop computing and molecular simulation, makingAdsorbents useful to both practicing laboratories and graduateprograms. Ralph Yang's comprehensive study contributessignificantly to the resolution of separation and purificationproblems by adsorption technologies.

Slurry Molding Technologies for Novel Carbon and Graphite Materials

Slurry Molding Technologies for Novel Carbon and Graphite Materials
  • Author : T. D. Burchell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:316453159
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Summary : The Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) has developed a slurry molding technology for the manufacture of porous, high surface area, carbon fiber composites molecular sieves, and carbon-carbon composite preforms. Potentially, this technology could be applied to the manufacture of a host of novel carbon materials including porous adsorbent carbons, low-pressure drop adsorbent carbon composites, ultra-fine-grained graphite, and carbon fiber reinforced graphite. New opportunities for high surface carbon fiber composite molecular sieve (CFCMS) materials are now emerging. Many of these opportunities are driven by increasingly harsh environmental pressures. Traditional granular activated carbon (GAC) is not suitable for many of these applications because of the difficulties encountered with attrition and in forming ''structures'' which have the necessary mechanical and physical properties. In addition, the electrical desorption of adsorbed species is not possible with GAC due to its low bulk electrical conductivity. Activated carbon fibers have been found to be useful in some applications. Work by ORNL has shown, for example, that CFCMS materials are capable of adsorbing various gases and desorbing them under electrical stimulation. For some applications these fibers have to be formed into a structure that can offer the desired mechanical integrity and pressure drop characteristics. To date, the work by ORNL has focused on the use of a single manufacturer's isotropic pitch fibers which, when activated, may be cost prohibitive for many applications. Fine-grained graphite is attractive for many applications including the chemical processing industry where their unique combination of properties--including high strength and chemical inertness, are particularly attractive. However, a lack of toughness can limit their utility in certain applications. The use of ultra-fine powders in conjunction with slurry molding and hot pressing offers the possibility of higher strength graphite. Moreover, the inclusion of carbon fibers may provide a toughening mechanism, resulting in tougher, stronger graphite at an attractive cost. The objective of this work was to further develop the ORNL slurry molding technology and apply it to the following tasks: (1) the development of low cost, high surface area CFCMS materials and structures; (2) the development of ultra-fine-grained graphite; and (3) to identify suitable applications for the materials developed in (1) and (2). The work was conducted jointly by SGL and ORNL.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies
  • Author : T.D. Burchell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-07-22
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9780080528540
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Summary : The inspiration for this book came from an American Carbon Society Workshop entitled "Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies" which was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1994. Chapter 1 contains a review of carbon materials, and emphasizes the structure and chemical bonding in the various forms of carbon, including the four allotropes diamond, graphite, carbynes, and the fullerenes. In addition, amorphous carbon and diamond films, carbon nanoparticles, and engineered carbons are discussed. The most recently discovered allotrope of carbon, i.e., the fullerenes, along with carbon nanotubes, are more fully discussed in Chapter 2, where their structure-property relations are reviewed in the context of advanced technologies for carbon based materials. The synthesis, structure, and properties of the fullerenes and nanotubes, and modification of the structure and properties through doping, are also reviewed. Potential applications of this new family of carbon materials are considered. The manufacture and applications of adsorbent carbon fibers are discussed in Chapter 3. The manufacture, structure and properties of high performance fibers are reviewed in Chapter 4, and the manufacture and properties of vapor grown fibers and their composites are reported in Chapter 5. The properties and applications of novel low density composites developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are reported in Chapter 6. Coal is an important source of energy and an abundant source of carbon. The production of engineering carbons and graphite from coal via a solvent extraction route is described in Chapter 7. Applications of activated carbons are discussed in Chapters 8-10, including their use in the automotive arena as evaporative loss emission traps (Chapter 8), and in vehicle natural gas storage tanks (Chapter 9). The application of activated carbons in adsorption heat pumps and refrigerators is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reports the use of carbon materials in the fast growing consumer electronics application of lithium-ion batteries. The role of carbon materials in nuclear systems is discussed in Chapters 12 and 13, where fusion device and fission reactor applications, respectively, are reviewed. In Chapter 12 the major technological issues for the utilization of carbon as a plasma facing material are discussed in the context of current and future fusion tokamak devices. The essential design features of graphite moderated reactors, (including gas-, water- and molten salt-cooled systems) are reviewed in Chapter 13, and reactor environmental effects such as radiation damage and radiolytic corrosion are discussed. The fracture behaviour of graphite is discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms in Chapter 14. The applications of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics to graphite are reviewed and a study of the role of small flaws in nuclear graphites is reported.

Activated Carbon Adsorption

Activated Carbon Adsorption
  • Author : Roop Chand Bansal,Meenakshi Goyal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-24
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9781420028812
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Summary : High surface area, a microporous structure, and a high degree of surface reactivity make activated carbons versatile adsorbents, particularly effective in the adsorption of organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous solutions. Activated Carbon Adsorption introduces the parameters and mechanisms involved in the activated carbon adsorption

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery
  • Author : Iyad Karamé,Janah Shaya,Hassan Srour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-16
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781789235746
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Summary : Fossil fuels still need to meet the growing demand of global economic development, yet they are often considered as one of the main sources of the CO2 release in the atmosphere. CO2, which is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG), is periodically exchanged among the land surface, ocean, and atmosphere where various creatures absorb and produce it daily. However, the balanced processes of producing and consuming the CO2 by nature are unfortunately faced by the anthropogenic release of CO2. Decreasing the emissions of these greenhouse gases is becoming more urgent. Therefore, carbon sequestration and storage (CSS) of CO2, its utilization in oil recovery, as well as its conversion into fuels and chemicals emerge as active options and potential strategies to mitigate CO2 emissions and climate change, energy crises, and challenges in the storage of energy.

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Composite Nanoadsorbents
  • Author : George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitrpoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 9780128141335
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Summary : Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Method for Producing Carbon Adsorbents

Method for Producing Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : T. Ishikawa,Japan Carbon Ltd
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :6
  • ISBN : LCCN:ntc89020940
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Summary :

Synthesis and Characterization of Polymer Derived Porous Carbons for Gas Adsorption, Storage and Separation

Synthesis and Characterization of Polymer Derived Porous Carbons for Gas Adsorption, Storage and Separation
  • Author : Ali Qajar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014
  • Total pages :195
  • ISBN : OCLC:885417192
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Summary :

Activated Carbon

Activated Carbon
  • Author : Harry Marsh,Francisco Rodríguez Reinoso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-07-12
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 0080455964
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Summary : Recent years have seen an expansion in speciality uses of activated carbons including medicine, filtration, and the purification of liquids and gaseous media. Much of current research and information surrounding the nature and use of activated carbon is scattered throughout various literature, which has created the need for an up-to-date comprehensive and integrated review reference. In this book, special attention is paid to porosities in all forms of carbon, and to the modern-day materials which use activated carbons - including fibres, clothes, felts and monoliths. In addition, the use of activated carbon in its granular and powder forms to facilitate usage in liquid and gaseous media is explored. Activated Carbon will make essential reading for Material Scientists, Chemists and Engineers in academia and industry. Characterization of porosity The surface chemistry of the carbons Methods of activation and mechanisms of adsorptio Computer modelling of structure and porosity within carbons Modern instrumental analytical methods

Adsorption Technology and Design

Adsorption Technology and Design
  • Author : W John Thomas, FEng,Barry Crittenden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05-11
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 0750619597
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Summary : The aim of this book is to provide all those involved in designing and running adsorption processes with a guide to adsorption technology and design.

Full-size photocopying

Full-size photocopying
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1960
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:250544967
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Summary :

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications
  • Author : Carlos P. Bergmann,Fernando Machado Machado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-01
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9783319188751
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Summary : This book presents a summary of the current use of carbon nanomaterials for water treatment, drug delivery, systems and nanosensors. The first chapter elucidates the adsorption process phenomenon. Also, the properties of different carbon nanomaterials for adsorption applications are covered. The third chapter presents the kinetic and equilibrium models of adsorption, processing of experimental data and adsorption process peculiarities. Environmental and biological applications of carbon nanomaterials are listed in the last chapter. This book is written from an application-oriented perspective and is useful for all those interested in nanoadsorbents.