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Novel Carbon Adsorbents

Novel Carbon Adsorbents
  • Author : Juan M.D. Tascón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-23
  • Total pages :600
  • ISBN : 9780080977454
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Summary : Following in the lineage of Adsorption by Carbons (Bottani & Tascon, 2008), this work explores current research within contemporary novel carbon adsorbents. Both basic and applied aspects are discussed for this important class of materials. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. Encompasses fundamental science of adsorption by carbons, in one location, supporting current R&D without extensive literature review Describes adsorption as it is currently applied to major novel types of carbon materials, including carbon gels, carbide-derived carbons, zeolite-templated carbvons, hydrothermal carbons, carbon nanohorns and graphene Specific discussion of fuel storage, environmental remediation and biomedical applications, of contemporary interest to many surface chemists and applications-focused researchers

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification

Carbon Nanomaterial-Based Adsorbents for Water Purification
  • Author : Suprakas Sinha Ray,Rashi Gusain,Neeraj Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-27
  • Total pages :420
  • ISBN : 9780128219607
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Summary : The deterioration of water quality and unavailability of drinkable water are pressing challenges worldwide. The removal of toxic organic and inorganic pollutants from water is vital for a clean environment, as a response to water scarcity. Adsorption-based water technologies are among the most widely used because of their high efficiency and low cost, without relying on a complex infrastructure. In recent years, carbon nanomaterials (CNMs), such as graphene and derivatives, carbon nanotubes, carbon nanofibers, nanoporous carbon, fullerenes, graphitic carbon nitride, and nanodiamonds have been extensively exploited as adsorbents due to their extraordinary surface properties, ease of modification, large surface area, controlled structural varieties, high chemical stability, porosity, low density, ease of regeneration, and reusability. This book provides a thorough overview of the state of the art in carbon nanomaterials as they are used for adsorption applications in water purifications, as well as addressing their toxicological challenges. This volume primarily explores the fundamentals of adsorption, its mechanical aspects, synthesis and properties of CNMs, and adsorption performances of CNMs and their nanocomposites with organic and inorganic materials. Structural engineering and activation processes produce materials with enhanced adsorptive properties and separation efficiencies. Furthermore, the formation of CNMs with 2D and 3D macro-and microstructures and high porosities is a potential approach to improve adsorption performances and extend CNM use at the industrial level. The book also addresses important issues regarding these adsorbents that potentially affect future research and industrial applications of carbon-based nanoadsorbents in water security. Presents advances in multifunctional 3D superstructures of carbon nanomaterials and their composites for adsorption applications Outlines the fundamentals on synthesis and characterization techniques of carbon-based nanostructures and their composites Assesses the major toxicological challenges in using nanostructured materials as adsorbents for water purification

Adsorption by Carbons

Adsorption by Carbons
  • Author : Eduardo J. Bottani,Juan M.D. Tascón
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-10
  • Total pages :776
  • ISBN : 0080559425
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Summary : Adsorption by Carbons covers the most significant aspects of adsorption by carbons, attempting to fill the existing gap between the fields of adsorption and carbonaceous materials. Both basic and applied aspects are presented. The first section of the book introduces physical adsorption and carbonaceous materials, and is followed by a section concerning the fundamentals of adsorption by carbons. This leads to development of a series of theoretical concepts that serve as an introduction to the following section in which adsorption is mainly envisaged as a tool to characterize the porous texture and surface chemistry of carbons. Particular attention is paid to some novel nanocarbons, and the electrochemistry of adsorption by carbons is also addressed. Finally, several important technological applications of gas and liquid adsorption by carbons in areas such as environmental protection and energy storage constitute the last section of the book. The first book to address the interplay between carbonaceous materials and adsorption Includes important environmental applications, such as the removal of volatile organic compounds from polluted atmospheres Covers both gas-solid and liquid-solid adsorption

Adsorbents

Adsorbents
  • Author : Ralph T. Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-08-01
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780471462415
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Summary : Adsorption promises to play an integral role in several futureenergy and environmental technologies, including hydrogen storage,CO removal for fuel cell technology, desulfurization oftransportation fuels, and technologies for meeting higher standardson air and water pollutants. Ralph Yang's Adsorbents provides asingle and comprehensive source of knowledge for all commercial andnew sorbent materials, presenting the fundamental principles fortheir syntheses, their adsorption properties, and their present andpotential applications for separation and purification. Chaptertopics in this authoritative, forward-looking volume include: - Formulas for calculating the basic forces or potentials foradsorption - Calculation of pore-size distribution from a single adsorptionisotherm - Rules for sorbent selection - Fundamental principles for syntheses/preparation, adsorptionproperties, and applications of commercially availablesorbents - Mesoporous molecular sieves and zeolites -¸-complexation sorbents and their applications - Carbon nanotubes, pillared clays, and polymeric resins Yang covers the explosion in the development of new nanoporousmaterials thoroughly, as the adsorption properties of some of thesematerials have remained largely unexplored. The whole of this bookbenefits from the new adsorbent designs made possible by theincrease in desktop computing and molecular simulation, makingAdsorbents useful to both practicing laboratories and graduateprograms. Ralph Yang's comprehensive study contributessignificantly to the resolution of separation and purificationproblems by adsorption technologies.

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials as Adsorbents for Environmental and Biological Applications
  • Author : Carlos P. Bergmann,Fernando Machado Machado
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-06-01
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9783319188751
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Summary : This book presents a summary of the current use of carbon nanomaterials for water treatment, drug delivery, systems and nanosensors. The first chapter elucidates the adsorption process phenomenon. Also, the properties of different carbon nanomaterials for adsorption applications are covered. The third chapter presents the kinetic and equilibrium models of adsorption, processing of experimental data and adsorption process peculiarities. Environmental and biological applications of carbon nanomaterials are listed in the last chapter. This book is written from an application-oriented perspective and is useful for all those interested in nanoadsorbents.

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies

Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies
  • Author : T.D. Burchell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-07-22
  • Total pages :540
  • ISBN : 9780080528540
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Summary : The inspiration for this book came from an American Carbon Society Workshop entitled "Carbon Materials for Advanced Technologies" which was hosted by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in 1994. Chapter 1 contains a review of carbon materials, and emphasizes the structure and chemical bonding in the various forms of carbon, including the four allotropes diamond, graphite, carbynes, and the fullerenes. In addition, amorphous carbon and diamond films, carbon nanoparticles, and engineered carbons are discussed. The most recently discovered allotrope of carbon, i.e., the fullerenes, along with carbon nanotubes, are more fully discussed in Chapter 2, where their structure-property relations are reviewed in the context of advanced technologies for carbon based materials. The synthesis, structure, and properties of the fullerenes and nanotubes, and modification of the structure and properties through doping, are also reviewed. Potential applications of this new family of carbon materials are considered. The manufacture and applications of adsorbent carbon fibers are discussed in Chapter 3. The manufacture, structure and properties of high performance fibers are reviewed in Chapter 4, and the manufacture and properties of vapor grown fibers and their composites are reported in Chapter 5. The properties and applications of novel low density composites developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory are reported in Chapter 6. Coal is an important source of energy and an abundant source of carbon. The production of engineering carbons and graphite from coal via a solvent extraction route is described in Chapter 7. Applications of activated carbons are discussed in Chapters 8-10, including their use in the automotive arena as evaporative loss emission traps (Chapter 8), and in vehicle natural gas storage tanks (Chapter 9). The application of activated carbons in adsorption heat pumps and refrigerators is discussed in Chapter 10. Chapter 11 reports the use of carbon materials in the fast growing consumer electronics application of lithium-ion batteries. The role of carbon materials in nuclear systems is discussed in Chapters 12 and 13, where fusion device and fission reactor applications, respectively, are reviewed. In Chapter 12 the major technological issues for the utilization of carbon as a plasma facing material are discussed in the context of current and future fusion tokamak devices. The essential design features of graphite moderated reactors, (including gas-, water- and molten salt-cooled systems) are reviewed in Chapter 13, and reactor environmental effects such as radiation damage and radiolytic corrosion are discussed. The fracture behaviour of graphite is discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms in Chapter 14. The applications of Linear Elastic Fracture Mechanics and Elastic-Plastic Fracture Mechanics to graphite are reviewed and a study of the role of small flaws in nuclear graphites is reported.

Activated Carbon

Activated Carbon
  • Author : Harry Marsh,Francisco Rodríguez Reinoso
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-07-12
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 0080455964
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Summary : Recent years have seen an expansion in speciality uses of activated carbons including medicine, filtration, and the purification of liquids and gaseous media. Much of current research and information surrounding the nature and use of activated carbon is scattered throughout various literature, which has created the need for an up-to-date comprehensive and integrated review reference. In this book, special attention is paid to porosities in all forms of carbon, and to the modern-day materials which use activated carbons - including fibres, clothes, felts and monoliths. In addition, the use of activated carbon in its granular and powder forms to facilitate usage in liquid and gaseous media is explored. Activated Carbon will make essential reading for Material Scientists, Chemists and Engineers in academia and industry. Characterization of porosity The surface chemistry of the carbons Methods of activation and mechanisms of adsorptio Computer modelling of structure and porosity within carbons Modern instrumental analytical methods

Advanced Water Treatment

Advanced Water Treatment
  • Author : Mika Sillanpaa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-08
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9780128192283
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Summary : Advanced Water Treatment: Electrochemical Methods reviews the current state-of-the-art in the electrochemical-based methods for water treatment, the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation technique in inactivating different primary biofilm forming paper mill bacteria, as well as sulfide and organic material in pulp and paper mill wastewater in laboratory-scale batch experiments. Various electrodes are described, including boron-doped diamond, mixed metal oxide, PbO2, and their impacts on inactivation efficiency of parameters, such as current density and initial pH or chloride concentration of synthetic paper machine water. The mechanisms of action of various electrodes in different systems are reported. The book is a source of information for environmental and chemical engineers due to the number of methods and industry-focused application cases and researchers who study the transition from a laboratory environment to practical applications. Includes the most recent research on advanced water treatment by electrochemical methods Describes the use of electrochemical cleaning of paper mill wastewaters Includes techniques for cleaning mining waters and removal of organic pollutants by electrochemical methods

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery

Carbon Dioxide Chemistry, Capture and Oil Recovery
  • Author : Iyad Karamé,Janah Shaya,Hassan Srour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-16
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9781789235746
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Summary : Fossil fuels still need to meet the growing demand of global economic development, yet they are often considered as one of the main sources of the CO2 release in the atmosphere. CO2, which is the primary greenhouse gas (GHG), is periodically exchanged among the land surface, ocean, and atmosphere where various creatures absorb and produce it daily. However, the balanced processes of producing and consuming the CO2 by nature are unfortunately faced by the anthropogenic release of CO2. Decreasing the emissions of these greenhouse gases is becoming more urgent. Therefore, carbon sequestration and storage (CSS) of CO2, its utilization in oil recovery, as well as its conversion into fuels and chemicals emerge as active options and potential strategies to mitigate CO2 emissions and climate change, energy crises, and challenges in the storage of energy.

Foundations of Nanotechnology, Volume One

Foundations of Nanotechnology, Volume One
  • Author : A. K. Haghi,Sabu Thomas,Moein MehdiPour MirMahaleh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-25
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9781482251920
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Summary : This volume covers a wide range of adsorption activities of porous carbon (PC), CNTs, and carbon nano structures that have been employed so far for the removal of various pollutants from water, wastewater, and organic compounds. The low cost, high efficiency, simplicity, and ease in the upscaling of adsorption processes using PC make the adsorption technique attractive for the removal and recovery of organic compounds. The activated carbon modification process has also been of interest to overcome some of the limitations of the adsorbents. Due to a large specific surface area, and small, hollow, and layered structures, CNTs and carbon nano structures have been investigated as promising adsorbents for various metal ions. Inorganic and organic pollutants can be easily modified by chemical treatment to increase their adsorption capacity. There is the huge hope that nanotubes applications will lead to a cleaner and healthier environment. A brief summary of these modeling methods is reviewed in this volume. Also, two important simulation methods, the Monte Carlo and the Molecular Dynamic, are included in this volume. The presence of micro and mesopores is essential for many researchers aiming to control micro or mesoporosity. The present volume attempts to give a general view of the recent activities on the study of pore structure control, with application novel simulation and modeling methods and the necessity and importance of this controlling. This volume also provides a brief overview of the methodology and modeling beside simulation methods for characterization of nanoporous carbons by using adsorption isotherm parameters.

Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation

Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation
  • Author : Teresa J. Bandosz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-27
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9780080455952
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Summary : Activated Carbon Surfaces in Environmental Remediation provides a comprehensive summary of the environmental applications of activated carbons. In order to understand the removal of contaminants and pollutants on activated carbons, the theoretical bases of adsorption phenomena are discussed. The effects of pore structure and surface chemistry are also addressed from both science and engineering perspectives. Each chapter provides examples of real applications with an emphasis on the role of the carbon surface in adsorption or reactive adsorption. The practical aspects addressed in this book cover the broad spectrum of applications from air and water cleaning and energy storage to warfare gas removal and biomedical applications. This book can serve as a handbook or reference book for graduate students, researchers and practitioners with an interest in filtration, water treatment, adsorbents and air cleaning, in addition to environmental policies and regulations. Addresses fundamental carbon science and how it relates to applications of carbon surfaces Describes the broad spectrum of activated carbon applications in environmental remediation Serves as a handbook or reference book for graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field

Activated Carbon Adsorption

Activated Carbon Adsorption
  • Author : Roop Chand Bansal,Meenakshi Goyal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-24
  • Total pages :520
  • ISBN : 9781420028812
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Summary : High surface area, a microporous structure, and a high degree of surface reactivity make activated carbons versatile adsorbents, particularly effective in the adsorption of organic and inorganic pollutants from aqueous solutions. Activated Carbon Adsorption introduces the parameters and mechanisms involved in the activated carbon adsorption

Composite Nanoadsorbents

Composite Nanoadsorbents
  • Author : George Z. Kyzas,Athanasios C. Mitrpoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-30
  • Total pages :385
  • ISBN : 9780128141335
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Summary : Composite Nanoadsorbents discusses the most recent advances in the field, including promising techniques for waste water decontamination and the advantages and drawbacks of nanoadsorbents in these applications. The implications of nanoadsorbents to public health and future developments for facilitating environmental sustainability are also discussed. New approaches for nanomaterials are analyzed, focusing on the effect of nanotechnology in adsorption applications. The effectiveness of nanosized materials is evaluated, along with cost factors and new synthesis routes of composite nanomaterials. Combining the areas of nanotechnology, adsorption, and composite surface chemistry, the synthesis, modifications and applications of nanotechnology in the adsorption process are demonstrated. Edited by a prolific expert in the field, this book will be a valuable resource for researchers, postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of nanotechnology, adsorption and materials synthesis. Bridges the gap between theory and application of composite nanoadsorbents Provides an understanding of the benefits of nanoadsorbents and their cost, efficiency and novelty Includes material on inorganic nanoadsorbents and carbon nanotubes

Use of Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Wastewater

Use of Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Wastewater
  • Author : Gordon McKay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-10-25
  • Total pages :208
  • ISBN : 0849369207
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Summary : Use of Adsorbents for the Removal of Pollutants from Wastewater describes the most commonly occurring industrial effluents, and presents direct means and methodologies for treating them. In addition to its excellent introduction to pollutants, this book contains all of the basics you need for understanding the characteristics and applications of adsorbent materials. With this book, you can choose from a wide variety of traditional and novel adsorbents, including alternative, relatively inexpensive adsorbents.

Adsorption Technology and Design

Adsorption Technology and Design
  • Author : W John Thomas, FEng,Barry Crittenden
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-05-11
  • Total pages :271
  • ISBN : 0750619597
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Summary : The aim of this book is to provide all those involved in designing and running adsorption processes with a guide to adsorption technology and design.

Combined and Hybrid Adsorbents

Combined and Hybrid Adsorbents
  • Author : José M. Loureiro,Mykola T. Kartel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-03
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : 9781402051708
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Summary : Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Combined and Hybrid Adsorbents: Fundamentals and Applications, Kiev, Ukraine, 15-17 September 2005

Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials

Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials
  • Author : Qiang Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-22
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 9781788015455
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Summary : Inorganic solid adsorbents/sorbents are attractive materials for capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gases after fossil fuel combustion. Post-combustion Carbon Dioxide Capture Materials introduces the key inorganic materials used as adsorbents/sorbents with specific emphasis on their design, synthesis, characterization, performance, and mechanism. Dedicated chapters cover carbon-based adsorbents, zeolite- and silica-based adsorbents, metal–organic framework (MOF)-based adsorbents, and alkali-metal-carbonate-based adsorbents. The final chapter discusses the practical application aspects of these adsorbents used in carbon dioxide capture from flue gases. Edited and written by world-renowned scientists in each class of the specific material, this book will provide a comprehensive introduction for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and researchers from both academic and industrial fields wishing to learn about the topic.

Fundamentals of Adsorption

Fundamentals of Adsorption
  • Author : M Suzuki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-12-23
  • Total pages :798
  • ISBN : 0080887724
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Summary : Fundamentals of Adsorption contains 2 plenary lectures and 96 selected papers from the IVth International Conference, Kyoto, May, 1992. The topics cover a wide range of studies from fundamentals to applications: characterization of porous adsorbents, molecular simulation, adsorption isotherms, diffusion in adsorbents, breakthrough detection, chromatography, pressure swing operation, etc. Model studies on adsorption, surface characterization, microporosimetry, molecular simulations of equilibrium and diffusion, computer simulation of adsorption beds, and many theoretical studies are also included. Special attention is given to: bulk gas separation and purification, solvent recovery, bioproduct separation, environmental pollution control, methane storage, adsorption cooling and resources recovery.

Air, Gas, and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents

Air, Gas, and Water Pollution Control Using Industrial and Agricultural Solid Wastes Adsorbents
  • Author : Tushar Kanti Sen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-20
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 9781138196858
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Summary : Air and water pollution occurs when toxic pollutants of varying kinds (organic, inorganic, radioactive and so on) are directly or indirectly discharged into the environment without adequate treatment to remove these potential pollutants. There are a total of 13 book chapters in three sections contributed by significant number of expert authors around the world, aiming to provide scientific knowledge and up-to-date development of various solid wastes based cost-effective adsorbent materials and its sustainable application in the removal of contaminates/pollutants from air, gas and water. This book is useful for the professions, practicing engineers, scientists, researchers, academics and undergraduate and post-graduate students’ interest on this specific area. Key Features: • Exclusive compilation of information on use of industrial and agricultural waste based adsorbents for air and water pollution abatement. • Explores utilization of industrial solid wastes in adsorptive purification and agricultural and agricultural by-products in separation and purification. • Discusses cost-effective solid wastes based emerging adsorbents. • Alternative adsorbents in the removal of a wide range of contaminants and pollutants from water is proposed. • Includes performance of unit operations in waste effluents treatment.

Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale

Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale
  • Author : Nick Quirke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-15
  • Total pages :200
  • ISBN : 9781420023350
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Summary : Nanoporous materials are used widely in industry as adsorbents, particularly for applications where selective adsorption of one fluid component from a mixture is important. Nanoscale structures are of increasing interest for micro- and nanofluidic devices. Computational methods have an important role to play in characterizing, understanding, and designing such materials. Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale gives a survey of computational methods and their applications in this burgeoning field. Beginning with an overview of adsorption and transport phenomena at the nanoscale, this book details several important simulation techniques for characterization and modeling of nanomaterials and surfaces. Expert contributors from Europe, Asia, and the US discuss topics including Monte Carlo simulation for modeling gas adsorption; experimental and simulation studies of aniline in activated carbon fibers; molecular simulation of templated mesoporous materials and adsorption of guest molecules in zeolitic materials; as well as computer simulation of isothermal mass transport in graphitic slit pores. These studies elucidate the chemical and physical phenomena while demonstrating how to perform the simulation techniques, illustrating their advantages, drawbacks, and limitations. A survey of recent progress in numerical simulation of nanomaterials, Adsorption and Transport at the Nanoscale explains the central role of molecular simulation in characterizing and designing novel materials and devices.

Nanocomposite Sorbents for Multiple Applications

Nanocomposite Sorbents for Multiple Applications
  • Author : Yu. I. Aristov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-02
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 9781351644846
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Summary : This book presents the first ever comprehensive survey of a new family of nanocomposite sorbents “salt in porous matrix” (CSPMs). These composites have recently been developed for selective sorption of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide. They owe their origin to the catchy idea of target-oriented tailoring of materials with predetermined adsorption properties harmonized with a particular adsorption process. The book develops the concept of target-oriented synthesis and suggests tools for tailoring new adsorbent materials adapted to multiple practical applications. It describes properties of approximately 50 new CSPMs of water, alcohols, ammonia, and carbon dioxide, including the data obtained in the author’s laboratory and literature available by the end of 2018. These data can be used for engineering calculations and analysis of practical applications. The book also discusses potential applications of these sorbents for storage and transformation of low-temperature heat, gas drying, maintenance of relative humidity in museums, and regeneration of heat and moisture in ventilation systems.