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Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Paul Dargan,David Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-06
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9780124159112
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Summary : Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology provides readers with background on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." This book also covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of the pharmacology of the substance followed by a discussion of the acute and chronic harm or toxicity associated with the substance. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is a valuable reference for scientists, clinicians, academics, and regulatory and law enforcement professionals. Includes chapters written by international experts in the field. Provides a comprehensive look at the classification, detection, availability and supply of novel psychoactive substances, in addition to the pharmacology and toxicology associated with the substance. Offers a single source for all interested parties working in this area, including scientists, academics, clinicians, law enforcement and regulatory agencies. Provides a full treatment of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene including mephedrone and the synthetic cannabinoid receptors in ‘spice’ / ‘K2’.

Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Paul Dargan,David M. Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : 0124158161
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Summary : Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology provides readers with background on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." This book also covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of the pharmacology of the substance followed by a discussion of the acute and chronic harm or toxicity associated with the substance. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is a valuable reference for scientists, clinicians, academics, and regulatory and law enforcement professionals. Includes chapters written by international experts in the field. Provides a comprehensive look at the classification, detection, availability and supply of novel psychoactive substances, in addition to the pharmacology and toxicology associated with the substance. Offers a single source for all interested parties working in this area, including scientists, academics, clinicians, law enforcement and regulatory agencies. Provides a full treatment of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene including mephedrone and the synthetic cannabinoid receptors in 'spice' / 'K2'.

Novel Psychoactive Drugs

Novel Psychoactive Drugs
  • Author : Liana Fattore,Aviv Weinstein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-05
  • Total pages :196
  • ISBN : 9782889458646
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Summary : An increasing number of novel psychoactive drugs are currently available and sold as 'legal highs' or 'research chemicals'. These New Psychoactive Substances (NPS) constitute a broad range of hundreds of natural and synthetic drugs, including synthetic cannabinoids, synthetic cathinones, synthetic opioids and other classes, which use has resulted in a significantly growing number of intoxication and mortality, as reported by emergency and poison centres from all over the world. Definition of “NPS” includes any substance that has recently become available and has been designed purposely to replace illegal drugs, although not necessarily of new synthesis. Use of NPS is dramatically increased in the last decade and represents a serious risk for the public health. Their ever-evolving chemical structure, the possibility to distribute in real time through the Internet and social networks information about their use and effects have dramatically challenged public health and drug policies internationally. NPS recently attracted great attention, but most are still unregulated and proposed online as legal alternatives to traditional illicit drugs. Unfortunately, this area is still poorly investigated and very limited information are available so far on their nature and potential risks. The phenomenon of NPS requires multi-national and multi-disciplinary collaborations to improve our knowledge on this changing drug market, to share information and define good practices at a global level. Political and educational efforts are indispensable to regulate this mutable scenario and to inform the public about health consequences of NPS use. Clinicians and emergency staff should be aware that NPS may cause severe health consequences and unexpected adverse effects, and be informed on how to recognized and treat specific intoxication cases. Considering the widespread use of NPS and paucity of information about their toxicology and pharmacology, this Research Topic will be useful to understand the new trends in the scenario of drug use, abuse and addiction to inform professionals and general public about the health problems caused by NPS and to help drug-control policies to adopt suitable control measures.

Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenario The Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon

Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenario The Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon
  • Author : Fabrizio Schifano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-15
  • Total pages :198
  • ISBN : 9783038975076
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Summary : This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenario: The Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon" that was published in Brain Sciences

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Owen Bowden-Jones,Dima Abdulrahim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-08
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9781911623090
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Summary : Emerging illicit drugs pose a significant clinical challenge. This handbook offers an engaging, concise guide to managing these challenges.

Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Ornella Corazza,Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-09
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 9783319606002
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Summary : In light of the recent emergence of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) on a global scale, this book provides a timely analysis of the social and economic impact of the NPS phenomenon, and of the global policy and regulatory responses to it. It presents the first comprehensive overview of the international regulation, policy and market structure of the NPS phenomenon, offering a guide to inform legislative discussions and demonstrating from a comparative perspective the different approaches used to address the rise of NPS to date. It covers topics such as organized crime, drug markets, clinical evidence on NPS, and different regulatory approaches also in less explored settings such as prisons and sport environments. Overall, this highly informative and well-structured repository of different experiences with NPS policy, law and regulation offers an essential primary source of evidence for anyone interested in the area of drug and NPS policy, health economics and p ublic health.

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances

Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Ornella Corazza,Andres Roman-Urrestarazu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-10
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 9781351655521
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Summary : Handbook of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) provides a comprehensive overview of the challenges that clinicians face when dealing with NPS and discusses how the profile of patients and their socio-demographic characteristics frame the serious public health concern that NPS pose. It presents various clinical cases, as well as detailed accounts of symptoms, psychopathology, toxicity, and overall clinical management that NPS require. This handbook brings together a unique collection of chapters written by leading experts in the field, who have felt the need to share their knowledge and experience to improve the clinical practice on NPS and the wellbeing of their patients.

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances

Club Drugs and Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Owen Bowden-Jones,Dima Abdulrahim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-08
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9781911623090
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Summary : Emerging illicit drugs pose a significant clinical challenge. This handbook offers an engaging, concise guide to managing these challenges.

Neuropharmacology of New Psychoactive Substances (NPS)

Neuropharmacology of New Psychoactive Substances (NPS)
  • Author : Michael H. Baumann,Richard A. Glennon,Jenny L. Wiley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-13
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9783319524443
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Summary : Designer drugs, or new psychoactive substances (NPS), are synthetic chemicals that mimic the effects of classic drugs of abuse. There has been an alarming worldwide increase in the abuse of NPS in recent years. NPS are cheap, easy to obtain, and often legally available. In this volume, leading experts summarize the latest studies regarding the molecular mechanisms of action, behavioral effects, and adverse consequences of popular NPS. Specific chapters clarify the differences between various types of NPS, namely: stimulants, cannabinoids and hallucinogens. Thus, this volume broadens our understanding of NPS and provides insight into the rapidly evolving “new drug” phenomenon.

Synthetic Cathinones

Synthetic Cathinones
  • Author : Jolanta B. Zawilska
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-16
  • Total pages :207
  • ISBN : 9783319787077
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Summary : Over the last decade, and particularly during the recent five years, a rapidly increasing number of novel psychoactive substance (NPSs), often marketed as “designer drugs”, “legal highs”, “herbal highs”, “research or intermediate chemicals” and “laboratory reagents”, has appeared on the drug market in an effort to bypass controlled substance legislation. NPSs encompass a wide range of different compounds and drug classes but had been dominated by synthetic cannabinomimetics and psychostimulatory synthetic cathinones, so-called β-keto amphetamines. Compounds from the later class were first detected in Europe in 2004, and since then 103 new cathinones have been identified and reported to the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, with 57 during the last two years. Synthetic cathinones – novel addictive and stimulatory psychoactive substances is the first publication of this kind that provides readers with background on chemical structures, detection, prevalence and motivation of use of the very popular group of NPSs. This book also presents comprehensive overview of the mechanisms of action, pharmacological activity, and main metabolic pathways of synthetic cathinones, followed by a detailed discussion of the acute and chronic toxicity associated with the use of these substances. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is a valuable reference not only for scientists, clinicians and academics, but also for readers representing different professional background who are involved in educational-prophylactic activities directed to harm reduction of psychoactive compounds.

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease

Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Sherma Zibadi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-02-18
  • Total pages :414
  • ISBN : 9780128092965
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Summary : Addictive Substances and Neurological Disease: Alcohol, Tobacco, Caffeine, and Drugs of Abuse in Everyday Lifestyles is a complete guide to the manifold effects of addictive substances on the brain, providing readers with the latest developing research on how these substances are implicated in neurological development and dysfunction. Cannabis, cocaine, and other illicit drugs can have substantial negative effects on the structure and functioning of the brain. However, other common habituating and addictive substances often used as part of an individual’s lifestyle, i.e., alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, painkillers can also compromise brain health and effect or accentuate neurological disease. This book provides broad coverage of the effects of addictive substances on the brain, beginning with an overview of how the substances lead to dysfunction before examining each substance in depth. It discusses the pathology of addiction, the structural damage resulting from abuse of various substances, and covers the neurobiological, neurodegenerative, behavioral, and cognitive implications of use across the lifespan, from prenatal exposure, to adolescence and old age. This book aids researchers seeking an understanding of the neurological changes that these substances induce, and is also extremely useful for those seeking potential treatments and therapies for individuals suffering from chronic abuse of these substances. Integrates current research on the actions of addictive substances in neurological disease Includes functional foods, such as caffeine beverages, that have habituating effects on the brain Provides a synopsis of key ideas associated with the consequences of addictive and habituating lifestyle substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances

Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Paul Dargan,David Wood
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-01
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780128190302
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Summary : Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology, Second Edition provides readers with a comprehensive examination on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." The book covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of the pharmacology of the substance and a discussion of their associated acute and chronic harm and toxicity. This second edition addresses drugs new to the scene, with completely updated and revised chapters. Written by international experts in the field, this multi-authored book is an essential reference for scientists, clinicians, academics, and regulatory and law enforcement professionals. Includes chapters written by international experts in the field Presents a comprehensive overview on the classification, detection, availability and supply of novel psychoactive substances, in addition to the pharmacology and toxicology associated with the substance Offers a single source for all interested parties working in this area, including scientists, academics, clinicians, law enforcement and regulatory agencies Provides a full treatment of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene, including amphetamines and the synthetic cannabinoid receptors in ‘spice’ and ‘K2’

Novel Psychoactive Drugs - The Saga Continues…

Novel Psychoactive Drugs - The Saga Continues…
  • Author : Aviv M Weinstein,Liana Fattore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-04-05
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889666614
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Summary :

Young People's Perceptions of Novel Psychoactive Substances

Young People's Perceptions of Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Jodie Freeman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1091649458
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Summary :

New Psychoactive Substances

New Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Hans H. Maurer,Simon D. Brandt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-20
  • Total pages :566
  • ISBN : 9783030105617
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Summary : This volume is designed to feature the pharmacology of new psychoactive substances, legislative aspects, information exchange including epidemiology, and clinical, forensic, and analytical toxicology in order to facilitate the understanding of this complex and rapidly developing phenomenon.

Pharmacology of Novel Psychoactive Substances

Pharmacology of Novel Psychoactive Substances
  • Author : Anna Rickli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:957532299
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Summary :

Fentanyl, Inc.

Fentanyl, Inc.
  • Author : Ben Westhoff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-03
  • Total pages :341
  • ISBN : 9780802147950
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Summary : A deeply human story, Fentanyl, Inc. is the first deep-dive investigation of a hazardous and illicit industry that has created a worldwide epidemic, ravaging communities and overwhelming and confounding government agencies that are challenged to combat it. “A whole new crop of chemicals is radically changing the recreational drug landscape,” writes Ben Westhoff. “These are known as Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) and they include replacements for known drugs like heroin, cocaine, ecstasy, and marijuana. They are synthetic, made in a laboratory, and are much more potent than traditional drugs”—and all-too-often tragically lethal. Drugs like fentanyl, K2, and Spice—and those with arcane acronyms like 25i-NBOMe— were all originally conceived in legitimate laboratories for proper scientific and medicinal purposes. Their formulas were then hijacked and manufactured by rogue chemists, largely in China, who change their molecular structures to stay ahead of the law, making the drugs’ effects impossible to predict. Westhoff has infiltrated this shadowy world. He tracks down the little-known scientists who invented these drugs and inadvertently killed thousands, as well as a mysterious drug baron who turned the law upside down in his home country of New Zealand. Westhoff visits the shady factories in China from which these drugs emanate, providing startling and original reporting on how China’s vast chemical industry operates, and how the Chinese government subsidizes it. Poignantly, he chronicles the lives of addicted users and dealers, families of victims, law enforcement officers, and underground drug awareness organizers in the U.S. and Europe. Together they represent the shocking and riveting full anatomy of a calamity we are just beginning to understand. From its depths, as Westhoff relates, are emerging new strategies that may provide essential long-term solutions to the drug crisis that has affected so many.

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence
  • Author : WHO,World Health Organization
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9789241562355
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Summary : Provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use behaviours, including their relationship with environmental factors.

Characteristics of the Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPSs) in Hungary

Characteristics of the Use of Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPSs) in Hungary
  • Author : Kapitány-Fövény Máté
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015
  • Total pages :153
  • ISBN : OCLC:1081800753
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Summary :

Forensic Toxicology

Forensic Toxicology
  • Author : Susannah Davies,Atholl Johnston,David Holt
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-15
  • Total pages :569
  • ISBN : 9781788018104
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Summary : New designer drugs, access to databases, and changing availability of samples for analysis have changed the face of modern forensic toxicology in recent years. Forensic Toxicology: Drug Use and Misuse brings together the latest information direct from experts in each sub-field of the discipline providing a broad overview of current thinking and the most innovative approaches to case studies. The text begins with an in-depth discussion of pharmaco­epidemiology, including information on the value of nationwide databases in forensic toxicology. The use and abuse of drugs in driving, sport and the workplace are then discussed by industry experts who are conducting case work in their field. Not only are new drug groups discussed (NPS), but also their constantly changing impact on drug legislation. Synthetic cannabinoids, khat and mephodrone are discussed in detail. Following a section devoted to legislation and defence, readers will find comprehensive chapters covering sample choice reflecting the increasing use of hair and oral fluid, and also the less commonly used sweat and nail analysis. New and old case examples are compared and contrasted in the final part of the book, which will enable readers to understand how drugs impact on each other and how the interpretative outcome of a case are dependent on many aspects. From use of pharmaceutical drugs in a clinical setting, through smart drugs to new psychoactive drugs, this book documents the wide range in which drugs today are abused. This book will be an essential resource for postgraduate students in forensic toxicology, and for researchers in forensic toxicology laboratories who need the latest data and knowledge.

Forces of Habit

Forces of Habit
  • Author : David T. COURTWRIGHT
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-30
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0674029909
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Summary : A global history of the acquisition of progressively more potent means of altering ordinary waking consciousness, this book is the first to provide the big picture of the discovery, interchange, and exploitation of the planet's psychoactive resources, from tea and kola to opiates and amphetamines.