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Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology
  • Author : P. Legendre,Loic F J Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-20
  • Total pages :990
  • ISBN : 9780444538680
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Summary : The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. An updated, 3rd English edition of the most widely cited book on quantitative analysis of multivariate ecological data Relates ecological questions to methods of statistical analysis, with a clear description of complex numerical methods All methods are illustrated by examples from the ecological literature so that ecologists clearly see how to use the methods and approaches in their own research All calculations are available in R language functions

Developments in Numerical Ecology

Developments in Numerical Ecology
  • Author : Pierre Legendre,Louis Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :585
  • ISBN : 9783642708800
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Summary : From earlier ecological studies it has become apparent that simple univariate or bivariate statistics are often inappropriate, and that multivariate statistical analyses must be applied. Despite several difficulties arising from the application of multivariate methods, community ecology has acquired a mathematical framework, with three consequences: it can develop as an exact science; it can be applied operationally as a computer-assisted science to the solution of environmental problems; and it can exchange information with other disciplines using the language of mathematics. This book comprises the invited lectures, as well as working group reports, on the NATO workshop held in Roscoff (France) to improve the applicability of this new method numerical ecology to specific ecological problems.

Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology
  • Author : P. Legendre,Loic F J Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-11-25
  • Total pages :852
  • ISBN : 9780080523170
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Summary : The book describes and discusses the numerical methods which are successfully being used for analysing ecological data, using a clear and comprehensive approach. These methods are derived from the fields of mathematical physics, parametric and nonparametric statistics, information theory, numerical taxonomy, archaeology, psychometry, sociometry, econometry and others. Compared to the first edition of Numerical Ecology, this second edition includes three new chapters, dealing with the analysis of semiquantitative data, canonical analysis and spatial analysis. New sections have been added to almost all other chapters. There are sections listing available computer programs and packages at the end of several chapters. As in the previous English and French editions, there are numerous examples from the ecological literature, and the choice of methods is facilitated by several synoptic tables.

Numerical Ecology with R

Numerical Ecology with R
  • Author : Daniel Borcard,François Gillet,Pierre Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-03
  • Total pages :435
  • ISBN : 3319714031
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Summary : This new edition of Numerical Ecology with R guides readers through an applied exploration of the major methods of multivariate data analysis, as seen through the eyes of three ecologists. It provides a bridge between a textbook of numerical ecology and the implementation of this discipline in the R language. The book begins by examining some exploratory approaches. It proceeds logically with the construction of the key building blocks of most methods, i.e. association measures and matrices, and then submits example data to three families of approaches: clustering, ordination and canonical ordination. The last two chapters make use of these methods to explore important and contemporary issues in ecology: the analysis of spatial structures and of community diversity. The aims of methods thus range from descriptive to explanatory and predictive and encompass a wide variety of approaches that should provide readers with an extensive toolbox that can address a wide palette of questions arising in contemporary multivariate ecological analysis. The second edition of this book features a complete revision to the R code and offers improved procedures and more diverse applications of the major methods. It also highlights important changes in the methods and expands upon topics such as multiple correspondence analysis, principal response curves and co-correspondence analysis. New features include the study of relationships between species traits and the environment, and community diversity analysis. This book is aimed at professional researchers, practitioners, graduate students and teachers in ecology, environmental science and engineering, and in related fields such as oceanography, molecular ecology, agriculture and soil science, who already have a background in general and multivariate statistics and wish to apply this knowledge to their data using the R language, as well as people willing to accompany their disciplinary learning with practical applications. People from other fields (e.g. geology, geography, paleoecology, phylogenetics, anthropology, the social and education sciences, etc.) may also benefit from the materials presented in this book. Users are invited to use this book as a teaching companion at the computer. All the necessary data files, the scripts used in the chapters, as well as extra R functions and packages written by the authors of the book, are available online (URL: http://adn.biol.umontreal.ca/~numericalecology/numecolR/).

Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology
  • Author : Louis Legendre,Pierre Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :419
  • ISBN : 0444419489
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Summary :

Numerical Ecology with R

Numerical Ecology with R
  • Author : Daniel Borcard,Francois Gillet,Pierre Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-01-07
  • Total pages :306
  • ISBN : 144197976X
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Summary : Numerical Ecology with R provides a long-awaited bridge between a textbook in Numerical Ecology and the implementation of this discipline in the R language. After short theoretical overviews, the authors accompany the users through the exploration of the methods by means of applied and extensively commented examples. Users are invited to use this book as a teaching companion at the computer. The travel starts with exploratory approaches, proceeds with the construction of association matrices, then addresses three families of methods: clustering, unconstrained and canonical ordination, and spatial analysis. All the necessary data files, the scripts used in the chapters, as well as the extra R functions and packages written by the authors, can be downloaded from a web page accessible through the Springer web site(http://adn.biol.umontreal.ca/~numericalecology/numecolR/). This book is aimed at professional researchers, practitioners, graduate students and teachers in ecology, environmental science and engineering, and in related fields such as oceanography, molecular ecology, agriculture and soil science, who already have a background in general and multivariate statistics and wish to apply this knowledge to their data using the R language, as well as people willing to accompany their disciplinary learning with practical applications. People from other fields (e.g. geology, geography, paleoecology, phylogenetics, anthropology, the social and education sciences, etc.) may also benefit from the materials presented in this book. The three authors teach numerical ecology, both theoretical and practical, to a wide array of audiences, in regular courses in their Universities and in short courses given around the world. Daniel Borcard is lecturer of Biostatistics and Ecology and researcher in Numerical Ecology at Université de Montréal, Québec, Canada. François Gillet is professor of Community Ecology and Ecological Modelling at Université de Franche-Comté, Besançon, France. Pierre Legendre is professor of Quantitative Biology and Ecology at Université de Montréal, Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, and ISI Highly Cited Researcher in Ecology/Environment.

Advanced R, Second Edition

Advanced R, Second Edition
  • Author : Hadley Wickham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-24
  • Total pages :588
  • ISBN : 9781351201308
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Summary : Advanced R helps you understand how R works at a fundamental level. It is designed for R programmers who want to deepen their understanding of the language, and programmers experienced in other languages who want to understand what makes R different and special. This book will teach you the foundations of R; three fundamental programming paradigms (functional, object-oriented, and metaprogramming); and powerful techniques for debugging and optimising your code. By reading this book, you will learn: The difference between an object and its name, and why the distinction is important The important vector data structures, how they fit together, and how you can pull them apart using subsetting The fine details of functions and environments The condition system, which powers messages, warnings, and errors The powerful functional programming paradigm, which can replace many for loops The three most important OO systems: S3, S4, and R6 The tidy eval toolkit for metaprogramming, which allows you to manipulate code and control evaluation Effective debugging techniques that you can deploy, regardless of how your code is run How to find and remove performance bottlenecks The second edition is a comprehensive update: New foundational chapters: "Names and values," "Control flow," and "Conditions" comprehensive coverage of object oriented programming with chapters on S3, S4, R6, and how to choose between them Much deeper coverage of metaprogramming, including the new tidy evaluation framework use of new package like rlang (http://rlang.r-lib.org), which provides a clean interface to low-level operations, and purr (http://purrr.tidyverse.org/) for functional programming Use of color in code chunks and figures Hadley Wickham is Chief Scientist at RStudio, an Adjunct Professor at Stanford University and the University of Auckland, and a member of the R Foundation. He is the lead developer of the tidyverse, a collection of R packages, including ggplot2 and dplyr, designed to support data science. He is also the author of R for Data Science (with Garrett Grolemund), R Packages, and ggplot2: Elegant Graphics for Data Analysis.

Developments in Numerical Ecology

Developments in Numerical Ecology
  • Author : Pierre Legendre,Louis Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :585
  • ISBN : 9783642708800
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Summary : From earlier ecological studies it has become apparent that simple univariate or bivariate statistics are often inappropriate, and that multivariate statistical analyses must be applied. Despite several difficulties arising from the application of multivariate methods, community ecology has acquired a mathematical framework, with three consequences: it can develop as an exact science; it can be applied operationally as a computer-assisted science to the solution of environmental problems; and it can exchange information with other disciplines using the language of mathematics. This book comprises the invited lectures, as well as working group reports, on the NATO workshop held in Roscoff (France) to improve the applicability of this new method numerical ecology to specific ecological problems.

Numerical Ecology

Numerical Ecology
  • Author : Louis E. Legendre
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1983
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 0444419489
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Summary :

Introduction to R for Terrestrial Ecology

Introduction to R for Terrestrial Ecology
  • Author : Milena Lakicevic,Nicholas Povak,Keith M. Reynolds
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-01-17
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9783030276034
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Summary : This textbook covers R data analysis related to environmental science, starting with basic examples and proceeding up to advanced applications of the R programming language. The main objective of the textbook is to serve as a guide for undergraduate students, who have no previous experience with R, but part of the textbook is dedicated to advanced R applications, and will also be useful for Masters and PhD students, and professionals. The textbook deals with solving specific programming tasks in R, and tasks are organized in terms of gradually increasing R proficiency, with examples getting more challenging as the chapters progress. The main competencies students will acquire from this textbook are: manipulating and processing data tables performing statistical tests creating maps in R This textbook will be useful in undergraduate and graduate courses in Advanced Landscape Ecology, Analysis of Ecological and Environmental Data, Ecological Modeling, Analytical Methods for Ecologists, Statistical Inference for Applied Research, Elements of Statistical Methods, Computational Ecology, Landscape Metrics and Spatial Statistics.

Ecology of Tropical Oceans

Ecology of Tropical Oceans
  • Author : Gerard Meurant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :407
  • ISBN : 9780323140638
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Summary : This book breaks new ground with the integration of geography, oceanography, plankton and benthic biology, as well as fish, to present a comprehensive account of the ecology of the tropical ocean. Proceeding from a description of the geomorphology, sediments, and vegetation of tropical continental shelves and the oceanography of tropical regions, the authors describe the benthos, plankton, and fish communities of tropical seas. An examination of the production of plant and animal life in tropical oceans is presented together with the numerical population biology of fish and invertebrates.

Bayesian Analysis for Population Ecology

Bayesian Analysis for Population Ecology
  • Author : Ruth King,Byron Morgan,Olivier Gimenez,Steve Brooks
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-30
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 1439811881
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Summary : Novel Statistical Tools for Conserving and Managing PopulationsBy gathering information on key demographic parameters, scientists can often predict how populations will develop in the future and relate these parameters to external influences, such as global warming. Because of their ability to easily incorporate random effects, fit state-space mode

Spatiotemporal Patterns in Ecology and Epidemiology

Spatiotemporal Patterns in Ecology and Epidemiology
  • Author : Horst Malchow,Sergei V. Petrovskii,Ezio Venturino
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-26
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9781482286137
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Summary : Although the spatial dimension of ecosystem dynamics is now widely recognized, the specific mechanisms behind species patterning in space are still poorly understood and the corresponding theoretical framework is underdeveloped. Going beyond the classical Turing scenario of pattern formation, Spatiotemporal Patterns in Ecology and Epidemiology: Theory, Models, and Simulation illustrates how mathematical modeling and numerical simulations can lead to greater understanding of these issues. It takes a unified approach to population dynamics and epidemiology by presenting several ecoepidemiological models where both the basic interspecies interactions of population dynamics and the impact of an infectious disease are explicitly considered. The book first describes relevant phenomena in ecology and epidemiology, provides examples of pattern formation in natural systems, and summarizes existing modeling approaches. The authors then explore nonspatial models of population dynamics and epidemiology. They present the main scenarios of spatial and spatiotemporal pattern formation in deterministic models of population dynamics. The book also addresses the interaction between deterministic and stochastic processes in ecosystem and epidemic dynamics, discusses the corresponding modeling approaches, and examines how noise and stochasticity affect pattern formation. Reviewing the significant progress made in understanding spatiotemporal patterning in ecological and epidemiological systems, this resource shows that mathematical modeling and numerical simulations are effective tools in the study of population ecology and epidemiology.

Encyclopedia of Ecology

Encyclopedia of Ecology
  • Author : Brian D. Fath
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-23
  • Total pages :2780
  • ISBN : 9780444641304
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Summary : Encyclopedia of Ecology, Second Edition continues the acclaimed work of the previous edition published in 2008. It covers all scales of biological organization, from organisms, to populations, to communities and ecosystems. Laboratory, field, simulation modelling, and theoretical approaches are presented to show how living systems sustain structure and function in space and time. New areas of focus include micro- and macro scales, molecular and genetic ecology, and global ecology (e.g., climate change, earth transformations, ecosystem services, and the food-water-energy nexus) are included. In addition, new, international experts in ecology contribute on a variety of topics. Offers the most broad-ranging and comprehensive resource available in the field of ecology Provides foundational content and suggests further reading Incorporates the expertise of over 500 outstanding investigators in the field of ecology, including top young scientists with both research and teaching experience Includes multimedia resources, such as an Interactive Map Viewer and links to a CSDMS (Community Surface Dynamics Modeling System), an open-source platform for modelers to share and link models dealing with earth system processes

A Primer of Ecology with R

A Primer of Ecology with R
  • Author : M. Henry Stevens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-02
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9780387898827
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Summary : Provides simple explanations of the important concepts in population and community ecology. Provides R code throughout, to illustrate model development and analysis, as well as appendix introducing the R language. Interweaves ecological content and code so that either stands alone. Supplemental web site for additional code.

Ecological Models and Data in R

Ecological Models and Data in R
  • Author : Benjamin M. Bolker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-01
  • Total pages :408
  • ISBN : 9781400840908
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Summary : Ecological Models and Data in R is the first truly practical introduction to modern statistical methods for ecology. In step-by-step detail, the book teaches ecology graduate students and researchers everything they need to know in order to use maximum likelihood, information-theoretic, and Bayesian techniques to analyze their own data using the programming language R. Drawing on extensive experience teaching these techniques to graduate students in ecology, Benjamin Bolker shows how to choose among and construct statistical models for data, estimate their parameters and confidence limits, and interpret the results. The book also covers statistical frameworks, the philosophy of statistical modeling, and critical mathematical functions and probability distributions. It requires no programming background--only basic calculus and statistics. Practical, beginner-friendly introduction to modern statistical techniques for ecology using the programming language R Step-by-step instructions for fitting models to messy, real-world data Balanced view of different statistical approaches Wide coverage of techniques--from simple (distribution fitting) to complex (state-space modeling) Techniques for data manipulation and graphical display Companion Web site with data and R code for all examples

Advances in Dynamic Game Theory

Advances in Dynamic Game Theory
  • Author : Steffen Jorgensen,Marc Quincampoix,Thomas L. Vincent
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-11-15
  • Total pages :718
  • ISBN : 9780817645533
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Summary : This collection of selected contributions gives an account of recent developments in dynamic game theory and its applications, covering both theoretical advances and new applications of dynamic games in such areas as pursuit-evasion games, ecology, and economics. Written by experts in their respective disciplines, the chapters include stochastic and differential games; dynamic games and their applications in various areas, such as ecology and economics; pursuit-evasion games; and evolutionary game theory and applications. The work will serve as a state-of-the art account of recent advances in dynamic game theory and its applications for researchers, practitioners, and advanced students in applied mathematics, mathematical finance, and engineering.

Population Ecology in Practice

Population Ecology in Practice
  • Author : Brett K. Sandercock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-10
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780470674147
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Summary : A synthesis of contemporary analytical and modeling approaches in population ecology The book provides an overview of the key analytical approaches that are currently used in demographic, genetic, and spatial analyses in population ecology. The chapters present current problems, introduce advances in analytical methods and models, and demonstrate the applications of quantitative methods to ecological data. The book covers new tools for designing robust field studies; estimation of abundance and demographic rates; matrix population models and analyses of population dynamics; and current approaches for genetic and spatial analysis. Each chapter is illustrated by empirical examples based on real datasets, with a companion website that offers online exercises and examples of computer code in the R statistical software platform. Fills a niche for a book that emphasizes applied aspects of population analysis Covers many of the current methods being used to analyse population dynamics and structure Illustrates the application of specific analytical methods through worked examples based on real datasets Offers readers the opportunity to work through examples or adapt the routines to their own datasets using computer code in the R statistical platform Population Ecology in Practice is an excellent book for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in population ecology or ecological statistics, as well as established researchers needing a desktop reference for contemporary methods used to develop robust population assessments.

Stable Isotope Ecology

Stable Isotope Ecology
  • Author : Brian Fry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-01-15
  • Total pages :308
  • ISBN : 0387337458
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Summary : A solid introduction to stable isotopes that can also be used as an instructive review for more experienced researchers and professionals. The book approaches the use of isotopes from the perspective of ecological and biological research, but its concepts can be applied within other disciplines. A novel, step-by-step spreadsheet modeling approach is also presented for circulating tracers in any ecological system, including any favorite system an ecologist might dream up while sitting at a computer. The author’s humorous and lighthearted style painlessly imparts the principles of isotope ecology. The online material contains color illustrations, spreadsheet models, technical appendices, and problems and answers.

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks

Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks
  • Author : Jean-Pierre L. Savard,Dirk V. Derksen,Dan Esler,John M. Eadie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-13
  • Total pages :610
  • ISBN : 9781482248982
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Summary : The past decade has seen a huge increase in the interest and attention directed toward sea ducks, the Mergini tribe. This has been inspired, in large part, by the conservation concerns associated with numerical declines in several sea duck species and populations, as well as a growing appreciation for their interesting ecological attributes. Reflecting the considerable research recently conducted on this tribe, Ecology and Conservation of North American Sea Ducks examines the 15 extant species of sea ducks from North America. Chapters are organized conceptually to focus on, compare, and contrast the ecological attributes of the tribe. Experts provide in-depth treatments of a range of topics, including: Population dynamics and genetics Infectious diseases and parasites Breeding costs and cross-seasonal affects Contaminant burdens Foraging behavior and energetics Migration strategies, molt ecology, and habitat affinities and dynamics Breeding systems and reproductive behavior Harvest history The book presents a comprehensive synthesis of sea duck ecology, documents factors that have caused population declines of some species, and provides managers with measures to enhance recovery of depressed populations of sea ducks in North America. Capturing the current state of knowledge of this unique tribe, it provides a benchmark for where we are in conservation efforts and suggests future directions for researchers, managers, students, conservationists, and avian enthusiasts.

Ecology

Ecology
  • Author : Michael Begon,Colin R. Townsend
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-11
  • Total pages :864
  • ISBN : 9781119279372
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Summary : A definitive guide to the depth and breadth of the ecological sciences, revised and updated The revised and updated fifth edition of Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems – now in full colour – offers students and practitioners a review of the ecological sciences. The previous editions of this book earned the authors the prestigious ‘Exceptional Life-time Achievement Award’ of the British Ecological Society – the aim for the fifth edition is not only to maintain standards but indeed to enhance its coverage of Ecology. In the first edition, 34 years ago, it seemed acceptable for ecologists to hold a comfortable, objective, not to say aloof position, from which the ecological communities around us were simply material for which we sought a scientific understanding. Now, we must accept the immediacy of the many environmental problems that threaten us and the responsibility of ecologists to play their full part in addressing these problems. This fifth edition addresses this challenge, with several chapters devoted entirely to applied topics, and examples of how ecological principles have been applied to problems facing us highlighted throughout the remaining nineteen chapters. Nonetheless, the authors remain wedded to the belief that environmental action can only ever be as sound as the ecological principles on which it is based. Hence, while trying harder than ever to help improve preparedness for addressing the environmental problems of the years ahead, the book remains, in its essence, an exposition of the science of ecology. This new edition incorporates the results from more than a thousand recent studies into a fully up-to-date text. Written for students of ecology, researchers and practitioners, the fifth edition of Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems is anessential reference to all aspects of ecology and addresses environmental problems of the future.