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Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables

Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Author : Amit K. Jaiswal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-30
  • Total pages :766
  • ISBN : 0128127813
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Summary : Nutritional Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Fruits and Vegetables provides an overview of the nutritional and anti-nutritional composition, antioxidant potential, and health benefits of a wide range of commonly consumed fruits and vegetables. The book presents a comprehensive overview on a variety of topics, including inflorescence, flowers and flower buds (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage), bulb, stem and stalk (onion, celery, asparagus, celery), leaves (watercress, lettuce, spinach), fruit and seed (peppers, squash, tomato, eggplant, green beans), roots and tubers (red beet, carrots, radish), and fruits, such as citrus (orange, lemon, grapefruit), berries (blackberry, strawberry, lingonberry, bayberry, blueberry), melons (pumpkin, watermelon), and more. Each chapter, contributed by an international expert in the field, also discusses the factors influencing antioxidant content, such as genotype, environmental variation and agronomic conditions. Contains detailed information on nutritional and anti-nutritional composition for commonly consumed fruits and vegetables Presents recent epidemiological information on the health benefits of fresh produce Provides in-depth information about the antioxidant properties of a range of fruits and vegetables

Bioactive Compounds Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Fruit and Vegetables

Bioactive Compounds Biosynthesis and Metabolism in Fruit and Vegetables
  • Author : Antonio Ferrante,George Manganaris,Maria Manuela Pintado,Alessandra Francini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-23
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 2889636038
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Summary :

Health-Promoting Properties of Fruits and Vegetables

Health-Promoting Properties of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Author : Leon Terry
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781845935290
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Summary : Fruits and vegetables are one of the richest sources of ascorbic acid, other antioxidants and produce-specific bioactive compounds. A general consensus from health experts has confirmed that an increased dietary intake of antioxidant compounds found in most fresh produce types may protect against oxidative damage caused by free radicals and reduce the incidence of certain cancers and chronic diseases. Currently there is no book available which collectively discusses and reviews empirical data on health-promoting properties of all fresh produce types. This book will provide detailed information on identity, nature, bioavailablity, chemopreventative effects, and postharvest stability of specific chemical classes with known bioactive properties. In addition, chapters discuss the various methodologies for extraction, isolation, characterization and quantification of bioactive compounds and the in-vitro and in-vivo anticancer assays. It will be an essential resource for researchers and students in food science, nutrition and fruit and vegetable production.

Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars

Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars
  • Author : Monique Simmonds,Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-16
  • Total pages :796
  • ISBN : 0124080642
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Summary : Nutritional Composition of Fruit Cultivars provides readers with the latest information on the health related properties of foods, making the documentation of the nutritive value of historical cultivars especially urgent, especially before they are lost and can't be effectively compared to modern cultivars. Because there is considerable diversity and a substantial body of the compositional studies directed towards commercial varieties, this information is useful for identifying traits and features that may be transposed from one variety to another. In addition, compositional and sensory features may also be used for commercialization and to characterize adulteration. Detailed characterization of cultivars can be used to identify "super-foods". Alternatively, unmasked historical cultivars may be the focus of reinvigorated commercial practices. Each chapter in this book has sections on the botanical aspects, the composition of traditional or ancient cultivars, the composition of modern cultivars, a focus on areas of research, the specialty of the communicating author of each chapter, and summary points. Presents the botanical aspects and composition of both traditional and modern plants, including in-depth insight into current research, and overall summary points for each fruit for consistent comparison and ease of reference Provides important information in the consideration of preservation, transference, or re-introduction of historical/traditional cultivars into current crop science Provides details on compositional and sensory parameters, from aroma and taste to micro- and macronutrients Includes data on nutraceuticals and novel components that have proven to impact on, or be important in, food quality, storage, processing, storage, and marketing

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications

Antioxidants in Foods and Its Applications
  • Author : Emad Shalaby,Ghada Mostafa Azzam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :178
  • ISBN : 178923378X
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Summary : Free radicals are atoms or molecules containing unpaired electrons. Damage occurs when the free radical encounters another molecule and seeks to find another electron to pair its unpaired electron. Free radicals can cause mutation in different biological compounds such as protein, nucleic acids, and lipids, and the damage caused by the free radicals lead to various diseases (cancer, cardiovascular disease, aging, etc.). Antioxidants are helpful in reducing and preventing damage from free radical reactions because of their ability to donate electrons, which neutralize the radical without forming another. Ascorbic acid, for example, can lose an electron to a free radical and remain stable itself by passing its unstable electron around the antioxidant molecule. Unfortunately, new data indicate that the synthetic antioxidants used in the industry could have carcinogenic effects on human cells, thus fueling an intense search for new, natural, and efficient antioxidants. Therefore, the current book discusses the role and source of antioxidant compounds in nutrition and diets. Also, the current book includes nine chapters contributed by experts around the world, and the chapters are categorized into two sections: "Antioxidant Compounds and Biological Activities" and "Natural Antioxidants and Applications."

Phytochemicals in Vegetables: A Valuable Source of Bioactive Compounds

Phytochemicals in Vegetables: A Valuable Source of Bioactive Compounds
  • Author : Spyridon A. Petropoulos,Isabel C.F.R. Ferreira,Lilian Barros
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-15
  • Total pages :492
  • ISBN : 1681087391
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Summary : Phytochemical compounds are secondary metabolites that plants usually synthesize for their own protection from pests and diseases. Phytochemical biosynthesis is also triggered under specific environmental conditions. They cannot be classified as essential nutrients since they are not required at specific amounts for life sustenance. Phytochemicals in Vegetables: A Valuable Source of Bioactive Compounds presents information about the phytochemical (common and scarce) content of several cultivated vegetables, as well as their health and therapeutic effects based on in vitro, in vivo, animal and clinical studies. Chapters also cover recent research findings about their mode of action, bioavailabity, interactions with other biological matrices and pharmacokinetics. Moreover, the book gives special attention to the factors that may alter and modulate bioactive compound content, including both cultivation practices and post-harvest treatments that aim towards the production of high quality and healthy foods. Researchers, public health workers, consumers and members of the food industry will find this book to be a useful reference on the variety of phytochemicals present in vegetables.

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health

Antioxidant-Antidiabetic Agents and Human Health
  • Author : Oluwafemi Oguntibeju
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-05
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 9535112155
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Summary : The human system employs the use of endogenous enzymatic as well as non-enzymatic antioxidant defence systems against the onslaught of free radicals and oxidative stress. Enzymatic antioxidants and non-enzymatic antioxidants work synergistically with each other, using different mechanisms against different free radicals and stages of oxidative stress. Dietary and lifestyle modifications are seen as the mainstay of treatment and management of chronic diseases such as diabetes mellitus. The major aims of dietary and lifestyle changes are to reduce weight, improve glycaemic control and reduce the risk of coronary heart disease, which accounts for 70- 80% of deaths among those with diabetes. It is also important to note that medicinal plants have been used as medicines since ancient time, and continue to play significant role even in modern medicine in management and treatment of chronic diseases. Impressive numbers of modern therapeutic agents have been developed from plants. Phytochemicals have been isolated and characterised from fruits such as grapes and apples, vegetables such as broccoli and onion, spices such as turmeric, beverages such as green tea and red wine, as well as many other sources. The WHO estimates that approximately 80% of the worlds inhabitants rely on traditional medicine for their primary health care and many medicinal plants have ethno-medical claims of usefulness in the treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases globally, and have been employed empirically in antidiabetic, antihyperlipidemic, antihypertensive, antinflammatory and antiparasitic remedies. This book examines the role of antioxidant-rich natural products in management and treatment of diabetes and other chronic diseases.

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food

Processing and Impact on Active Components in Food
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-27
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 0124047092
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Summary : From beef to baked goods, fish to flour, antioxidants are added to preserve the shelf life of foods and ensure consumer acceptability. These production-added components may also contribute to the overall availability of essential nutrients for intake as well as the prevention of the development of unwelcome product characteristics such as off-flavours or colours. However, there are processes that reduce the amount of naturally occurring antioxidants and awareness of that potential is just as important for those in product research and development. There is a practical need to understand not only the physiological importance of antioxidants in terms of consumer health benefit, but how they may be damaged or enhanced through the processing and packaging phases. This book presents information key to understanding how antioxidants change during production of a wide variety of food products, with a focus toward how this understanding may be translated effectively to other foods as well. Addresses how the composition of food is altered, the analytical techniques used, and the applications to other foods Presents in-chapter summary points and other translational insights into concepts, techniques, findings and approaches to processing of other foods Explores advances in analytical and methodological science within each chapter

Saving Food

Saving Food
  • Author : Charis M. Galanakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-01
  • Total pages :426
  • ISBN : 0128157097
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Summary : Saving Food: Production, Supply Chain, Food Waste and Food Consumption presents the latest developments on food loss and waste. Emphasis is placed on global issues, the environmental impacts of food consumption and wasted food, wasted nutrients, raising awareness via collaborative networks and actions, the effect of food governance and policy in food losses, promotion of sustainable food consumption, food redistribution, optimizing agricultural practices, the concept of zero waste, food security and sustainable land management, optimizing food supply and cold chains, food safety in supply chain management, non-thermal food processing/preservation technologies, food waste prevention/reduction, food waste valorization and recovery. Intended to be a guide for all segments of the food industry aiming to adapt or further develop zero waste strategies, this book analyzes the problem of food waste from every angle and provides critical information on how to minimize waste. Describes all aspects related to saving food and food security, including raising awareness, food redistribution actions, food policy and framework, food conservation, cold chain, food supply chain management, food waste reduction and valorization Guides all segments of the industry on how to employ zero waste strategies Analyzes key issues to create a pathway to solutions

Functional Food

Functional Food
  • Author : María Chávarri Hueda
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-02
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9535134396
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Summary : In recent years, the concern of society about how food influences the health status of people has increased. Consumers are increasingly aware that food can prevent the development of certain diseases, so in recent years, the food industry is developing new, healthier products taking into account aspects such as trans fats, lower caloric intake, less salt, etc. However, there are bioactive compounds that can improve the beneficial effect of these foods and go beyond the nutritional value. This book provides information on impact of bioactive ingredients (vitamins, antioxidants, compounds of the pulses, etc.) on nutrition through food, how functional foods can prevent disease, and tools to evaluate the effects of bioactive ingredients, functional foods, and diet.

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods :

Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods :
  • Author : G. K. Jayaprakasha,Bhimanagouda S. Patil
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-30
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 178021037X
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Summary : Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The present series on “Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods” focuses on the health-promoting properties of fruits and their active components involved in the prevention of chronic diseases. A world-class group of academic researchers and scientists wrote these chapters to provide state-of-the-art reviews. The nine chapters in this book provide an integrated picture of the health beneficial properties of functional foods. Chapters 1-3 address the health benefits of commonly consumed beverages such as tea, coffee, and fruit juices. Chapters 4-8 deal with the nutraceutical properties of major and highly consumed fruits, including pomegranates, citrus, grapes, kiwifruits, annona, and berries. In addition, these chapters discuss consumer interest in naturally colored foods with regard to absorption, metabolism, and antioxidant capacity, followed by the causes of inflammatory diseases and diabetes, as well as various biological activities that can overcome these health concerns. Chapter 9 presents the heart health benefits of plant sterols, these compounds found naturally in whole grains, nuts, oil seeds and legumes as well as fruits, and are structurally similar to cholesterol and can reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels in humans. Thus, this series comprehensively describes the basic information that will be useful for scientists, researchers, teachers, and consumers. This volume is aimed at the following major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, and Research Personnel.

Extractable and Non-Extractable Antioxidants

Extractable and Non-Extractable Antioxidants
  • Author : Alessandra Durazzo,Massimo Lucarini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-20
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 3039214373
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Summary : The Special Issue “Extractable and Non-Extractable Antioxidants” gives an updated view on antioxidants—both in their extractable and non-extractable form—in the different food groups, their products thereof, and food preparations as well as byproducts and biomass waste. The potential beneficial properties of these compounds and nutraceutical formulations are described in the various studies covered in this Special Issue.

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention

Olives and Olive Oil in Health and Disease Prevention
  • Author : Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-03-23
  • Total pages :1520
  • ISBN : 9780080922201
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Summary : Long used in sacred ceremonies and associated with good health, the nutritional and health promoting benefits of olives and olive oils have been proven by an ever-increasing body of science. From cardiovascular benefits to anti-microbial, anti-cancer, antioxidant activity and effects on macrophages and aptoptosis to cellular and pathophysiollogical process, olives and olive oils are proving important in many healthful ways. For example, reactive components in olive oils or olive oil by-products have now been isolated and identified. These include tyrosol, hydroxytyrosol, 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl acetic acid elenolic acid and oleuropein. Oleic acid is the main monosaturated fatty acid of olive oil. These have putative protective effects and modulate the biochemistry of a variety of cell types including those of the vascular system. Some but not all components have been characterised by their putative pharmacological properties. It is possible that usage of these aforementioned products may have beneficial application in other disease. However, in order for this cross-fertilization to take place, a comprehensive understanding of olives and olive oils is required. Finding this knowledge in a single volume provides a key resource for scientists in a variety of food an nutritional roles. Key Features: * Explores olives and olive oil from their general aspects to the detailed level of important micro-and micronutrients * Includes coverage of various methodologies for analysis to help scientists and chemists determine the most appropriate option for their own studies, including those of olive-related compounds in other foods * Relates, in a single volume resource, information for food and nutritional chemists, pharmaceutical scientists, nutritionists and dieticians * Presents information in three key categories: General aspects of olives an olive oils; Nutritional, pharmacological and metabolic properties of olives and olive oil; Specific components of olive oil and their effects on tissue and body systems

Anthocyanins in Fruits, Vegetables, and Grains

Anthocyanins in Fruits, Vegetables, and Grains
  • Author : Giuseppe Mazza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-10
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 135108660X
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Summary : This text is a comprehensive reference covering the chemistry, physiology, chemotaxonomy, biotechnology and food technology aspects of the anthocyanins. Topics discussed include types of anthocyanins, structural transformations, colour stabilization and intensification factors, biosynthesis and intensification factors, biosynthesis, analysis and functions of anthocyanins. An in-depth review of the literature discussing anthocyanins of fruits, cereals, legumes, roots, tubers, bulbs, cole crops, oilseeds, herbs, spices, and minor crops is included as well

Biotechnology in Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Biotechnology in Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals
  • Author : Debasis Bagchi,Francis C. Lau,Dilip K. Ghosh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-21
  • Total pages :591
  • ISBN : 1420087126
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Summary : Modern food biotechnology is now a billion-dollar industry, producing functional foods and nutraceuticals that offer a whole host of increased health benefits, including prevention against illness, and chronic and degenerative conditions. Written by a team of top-tier researchers and scientists from around the world, Biotechnology in Functional Foo

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals

Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals
  • Author : Laura A. de la Rosa,Emilio Alvarez-Parrilla,Gustavo A. Gonzalez-Aguilar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-13
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9780813809489
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Summary : Fruit and Vegetable Phytochemicals: Chemistry, Nutritional Value and Stability provides scientists in the areas of food technology and nutrition with accessible and up-to-date information about the chemical nature, classification and analysis of the main phytochemicals present in fruits and vegetables – polyphenols and carotenoids. Special care is taken to analyze the health benefits of these compounds, their interaction with fiber, antioxidant and other biological activities, as well as the degradation processes that occur after harvest and minimal processing.

Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs

Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-23
  • Total pages :618
  • ISBN : 0128029897
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Summary : Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion brings together experts from around the world working on the cutting edge of research on fruit, vegetables, and herbs in health promotion. Offering a timely, concise, scientific appraisal of the efficacy of key foods to prevent disease and improve the quality of life, Fruits, Vegetables, and Herbs: Bioactive Foods in Health Promotion provides valuable evidence-based conclusions and recommendations. This reference text will encourage further research on the potential benefits of fruits and vegetables in health and disease prevention, providing a basis for possible dietary modifications by the government and the public. Provides insight on bioactive constituents found in fruits and vegetables that can be further studied to improve health and disease resistance or incorporated into other food products and used as alternative medicines and dietary supplements Includes valuable information on how fruits are important sources of bioflavonoids and nonnutritive bioactives that modify body functions Offers a conclusion or summary of evidence at the end of each chapter to enhance understanding of new approaches in the field

Flavonoids in Health and Disease, Second Edition,

Flavonoids in Health and Disease, Second Edition,
  • Author : Catherine A. Rice-Evans,Lester Packer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-05-20
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 0824755243
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Summary : Revised and expanded throughout, this blue-ribbon reference emphasizes the latest developments in the identification, utilization, and analysis of flavonoids for the prevention of disease and maintenance of good health-examining the processes involved in the absorption, metabolism, distribution, and excretion of these compounds and the impact of biotransformation on flavonoid function.

Vegetables I

Vegetables I
  • Author : Jaime Prohens-Tomás,Fernando Nuez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-06
  • Total pages :428
  • ISBN : 0387304436
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Summary : This major work has but one aim: to provide breeders and researchers from the public and private sectors with all the latest information on the breeding of crops of economic relevance. Also, it serves as a major reference book for post-graduate courses and PhD courses on breeding vegetable crops, as well a one-stop-shop for horticulturists and extension agents interested in current advancements in the development of new vegetable crops varieties. Each chapter incorporates the most up-to-date information on the crops examined, and an important novelty is that, in comparison to other books already published on this subject this one contains the most cutting-edge information on molecular breeding techniques.

Polyphenols in Plants

Polyphenols in Plants
  • Author : Ronald Ross Watson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-14
  • Total pages :442
  • ISBN : 012813769X
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Summary : Polyphenols in Plants: Isolation, Purification and Extract Preparation, 2nd edition, provides a detailed insight into polyphenols that occur naturally in plants and how they can be affected during growth and development, then effectively removed and optimized for various applications in food production. Historically, plants have been the major sources for drugs and health promotion. While there are a small number of nutrients contained, the growing focus is on the very diverse, complex ring structures: polyphenols that are not nutritious. In order to study or use them in patient treatment, the polyphenols need to be isolated, identified, and purified for application and study. This book brings together experts in the field who share their ongoing examination of isolation and purification of polyphenols as well as determination of their structures and composition. Polyphenols in Plants covers a range of new topics including polyphenols in vegetable waste and agricultural byproducts, extraction methods and characterization of polyphenols, and isolation techniques in the development of new compounds and their use in cancer therapy. This book will be useful to plant scientists and dietary supplement producers, as well as scientists in the food industry and alternative medicine who are interested in the specific health benefits of various dietary extracts and other polyphenol resources. Fully revised and updated to present the latest developments in the field Advances understanding of isolation, characterization, and identification of critical polyphenols vital to industrial development as therapies Defines conditions of growth affecting polyphenol levels Describes techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols

Fundamentals of Human Nutrition E-Book

Fundamentals of Human Nutrition E-Book
  • Author : Catherine Geissler,Hilary Powers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-07-07
  • Total pages :324
  • ISBN : 0702049905
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Summary : Fundamentals of Human Nutrition is an authoritative overview that will help you understand the complex subject of human nutrition. This book is a digest of material from the highly successful Human Nutrition 11th edition. ‘Fundamentals’ is intended for a wide readership of students and practitioners who need a broad understanding of human nutrition, but for whom an in-depth knowledge is not essential. Students and practitioners of nursing, pharmacy, sports science, dentistry and other allied health professions, as well as the interested lay person, will benefit from its easy-to-follow, concise approach. Covers all key aspects of human nutrition Up to date with current issues Explains the epidemiology of diet and disease Considers factors affecting food production, trade and access Technical terms explained to help the non-specialist Comprehensive glossary aids understanding Key points summarise all chapters