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Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
  • Author : Robert Marsh,Erik van Sebille
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-15
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 0128160594
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Summary : Ocean Currents of the World: Physical Drivers in a Changing World opens with an introduction to ocean currents, covering basic principles of cause and effect, measurement and modeling, etc. The book is made up of a sequence of chapters covering distinct aspects of contrasting ocean currents: broad and slow, deep and shallow, narrow and swift, large-scale and small-scale, low latitudes and high latitudes, and moving in horizontal and vertical planes. Through this approach, the authors cover a range of applications-from local to global-with considerable geographical context. Each chapter concludes with an assignment and accompanying resource, thus helping readers apply the information. Presents applications to natural phenomena, showing how ocean currents shape marine ecosystems Helps researchers understand the distribution and adaptation of life in the oceans Addresses societal challenges, specifically how ocean currents contribute to climate change impacts and disperse pollutants (e.g., plastic) Includes end-of-chapter assignments, suggesting how students might apply their understanding of ocean currents

The Great Ocean Conveyor

The Great Ocean Conveyor
  • Author : Wally Broecker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-11
  • Total pages :176
  • ISBN : 9781400834716
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Summary : Exploring the link between the ocean's currents and rapid climate change Wally Broecker is one of the world's leading authorities on abrupt global climate change. More than two decades ago, he discovered the link between ocean circulation and climate change, in particular how shutdowns of the Great Ocean Conveyor—the vast network of currents that circulate water, heat, and nutrients around the globe—triggered past ice ages. Today, he is among the researchers exploring how our planet's climate system can abruptly "flip-flop" from one state to another, and who are weighing the implications for the future. In The Great Ocean Conveyor, Broecker introduces readers to the science of abrupt climate change while providing a vivid, firsthand account of the field's history and development. Could global warming cause the conveyor to shut down again, prompting another flip-flop in climate? What were the repercussions of past climate shifts? How do we know such shifts occurred? Broecker shows how Earth scientists study ancient ice cores and marine sediments to probe Earth's distant past, and how they blend scientific detective work with the latest technological advances to try to predict the future. He traces how the science has evolved over the years, from the blind alleys and wrong turns to the controversies and breathtaking discoveries. Broecker describes the men and women behind the science, and reveals how his own thinking about abrupt climate change has itself flip-flopped as new evidence has emerged. Rich with personal stories and insights, The Great Ocean Conveyor opens a tantalizing window onto how Earth science is practiced.

Measuring Ocean Currents

Measuring Ocean Currents
  • Author : Antony Joseph
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-08-12
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780123914286
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Summary : Measuring Ocean Currents: Tools, Technologies, and Data covers all major aspects of ocean current measurements in view of the implications of ocean currents on changing climate, increasing pollution levels, and offshore engineering activities. Although more than 70% of the Earth is covered by ocean, there is limited information on the countless fine- to large-scale water motions taking place within them. This book fills that information gap as the first work that summarizes the state-of-the-art methods and instruments used for surface, subsurface, and abyssal ocean current measurements. Readers of this book will find a wealth of information on Lagrangian measurements, horizontal mapping, imaging, Eulerian measurements, and vertical profiling techniques. In addition, the book describes modern technologies for remote measurement of ocean currents and their signatures, including HF Doppler radar systems, satellite-borne sensors, ocean acoustic tomography, and more. Crucial aspects of ocean currents are described in detail as well, including dispersion of effluents discharged into the sea and transport of beneficial materials—as well as environmentally hazardous materials—from one region to another. The book highlights several important practical applications, showing how measurements relate to climate change and pollution levels, how they affect coastal and offshore engineering activities, and how they can aid in tsunami detection. Coverage of measurement, mapping and profiling techniques Descriptions of technologies for remote measurement of ocean currents and their signatures Reviews crucial aspects of ocean currents, including special emphasis on the planet-spanning thermohaline circulation, known as the ocean's "conveyor belt," and its crucial role in climate change

Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
  • Author : John H. Steele,Steve A. Thorpe,Karl K. Turekian
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-06-18
  • Total pages :627
  • ISBN : 9780080964867
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Summary : Ocean Currents is a derivative of the Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, 2nd Edition and serves as an important reference on current ocean current knowledge and expertise in one convenient and accessible source. Its selection of articles—all written by experts in their field—focuses on key ocean current concepts. Its topics include ocean currents, the circulation of deep water, the contrasting circulations of the seas, the circulation in fjords, estuaries and the effects of rivers, and the intermittency and variability of the oceans. Ocean Currents serves as an ideal reference for topical research. References related articles on ocean currents to facilitate further research Richly illustrated with figures and tables that aid in understanding key concepts Includes an introductory overview of ocean currents and then explores each topic in detail, making it useful to experts and graduate-level researchers Topical arrangement makes it the perfect desk reference

Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
  • Author : Catherine Halversen,Kevin Beals,Craig Strang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :174
  • ISBN : PSU:000058014493
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Summary : What causes ocean currents? How do they affect the Earth's environment? How have they affected the course of human history? Students gain fascinating insights into our world through these innovative hands-on activities. Students explore how wind, temperature, salinity, and density set water into motion. They go on to learn how the ocean makes our climate habitable, provides oxygen and food, and transports nutrients, people and pollution around the globe. Learning is put in a real-world context as students study accounts of shipwrecked sailors, a Nike shoe spill, and the voyage of the Kon Tiki.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-03-27
  • Total pages :715
  • ISBN : 0080491979
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Summary : The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation.

Temperature provinces and ocean currents chart of the world

Temperature provinces and ocean currents chart of the world
  • Author : Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (U.S.)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1965
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:150504388
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Summary :

Moby-Duck

Moby-Duck
  • Author : Donovan Hohn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-03
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 9781101475966
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Summary : Selected by The New York Times Book Review as a Notable Book of the Year A revelatory tale of science, adventure, and modern myth. When the writer Donovan Hohn heard of the mysterious loss of thousands of bath toys at sea, he figured he would interview a few oceanographers, talk to a few beachcombers, and read up on Arctic science and geography. But questions can be like ocean currents: wade in too far, and they carry you away. Hohn's accidental odyssey pulls him into the secretive world of shipping conglomerates, the daring work of Arctic researchers, the lunatic risks of maverick sailors, and the shadowy world of Chinese toy factories. Moby-Duck is a journey into the heart of the sea and an adventure through science, myth, the global economy, and some of the worst weather imaginable. With each new discovery, Hohn learns of another loose thread, and with each successive chase, he comes closer to understanding where his castaway quarry comes from and where it goes. In the grand tradition of Tony Horwitz and David Quammen, Moby-Duck is a compulsively readable narrative of whimsy and curiosity.

Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
  • Author : Robert Marsh,Erik van Sebille
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-01
  • Total pages :380
  • ISBN : 9780128160602
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Summary : Ocean Currents of the World: Physical Drivers in a Changing World opens with an introduction to ocean currents, covering basic principles of cause and effect, measurement and modeling, etc. The book is made up of a sequence of chapters covering distinct aspects of contrasting ocean currents: broad and slow, deep and shallow, narrow and swift, large-scale and small-scale, low latitudes and high latitudes, and moving in horizontal and vertical planes. Through this approach, the authors cover a range of applications—from local to global—with considerable geographical context. Each chapter concludes with an assignment and accompanying resource, thus helping readers apply the information. Presents applications to natural phenomena, showing how ocean currents shape marine ecosystems Helps researchers understand the distribution and adaptation of life in the oceans Addresses societal challenges, specifically how ocean currents contribute to climate change impacts and disperse pollutants (e.g., plastic) Includes end-of-chapter assignments, suggesting how students might apply their understanding of ocean currents

Physical Geology

Physical Geology
  • Author : Steven Earle
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :807
  • ISBN : 1774200287
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Summary : "Physical Geology is a comprehensive introductory text on the physical aspects of geology, including rocks and minerals, plate tectonics, earthquakes, volcanoes, glaciation, groundwater, streams, coasts, mass wasting, climate change, planetary geology and much more. It has a strong emphasis on examples from western Canada, especially British Columbia, and also includes a chapter devoted to the geological history of western Canada. The book is a collaboration of faculty from Earth Science departments at Universities and Colleges across British Columbia and elsewhere"--BCcampus website.

Ocean Currents and El Niño

Ocean Currents and El Niño
  • Author : Myrl Shireman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-01-29
  • Total pages :22
  • ISBN : 9781624428135
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Summary : Have you ever wondered what El Niño was? Written for students in grade 6, Ocean Currents and El Niño discusses El Niño, other ocean currents, and how ocean currents affect the climate and people around the world. This 22-page book includes a glossary of bold-faced vocabulary words, reading activities, an index of terms, and an answer key.

Observed World Ocean Seasonal Surface Currents on a 5° Grid

Observed World Ocean Seasonal Surface Currents on a 5° Grid
  • Author : Gerald A. Meehl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1980
  • Total pages :23
  • ISBN : PSU:000017464604
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Summary :

Flotsametrics and the Floating World

Flotsametrics and the Floating World
  • Author : Curtis Ebbesmeyer,Eric Scigliano
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-06
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780061971150
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Summary : “Ebbesmeyer’s goal is noble and fresh: to show how the flow of ocean debris around the world reveals ‘the music’ of the world’s oceans.” —New York Times Book Review Through the fascinating stories of flotsam, one of the Earth’s greatest secrets is revealed. In Flotsametrics and the Floating World, maverick scientist Curtis Ebbesmeyer details how his obsession with floating garbage—from rubber ducks to discarded Nike sneakers—helped to revolutionize ocean science. Scientist and environmentalist David Suzuki, host of CBC TV’s “The Nature of Things,” calls Flotsametrics and the Floating World “Science and storytelling at its very best.” “A very enjoyable, if at times dark, book” (Nature), it is must reading for anyone interested in Oceanography, Environmental Science, and the way our world works.

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-20
  • Total pages :150
  • ISBN : 9780309466806
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Summary : The ocean is an integral component of the Earth's climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth's surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice. With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, the Earth's climate is now changing more rapidly than at any time since the advent of human societies. Society will increasingly face complex decisions about how to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change such as droughts, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, species loss, changes to growing seasons, and stronger and possibly more frequent storms. Observations play a foundational role in documenting the state and variability of components of the climate system and facilitating climate prediction and scenario development. Regular and consistent collection of ocean observations over decades to centuries would monitor the Earth's main reservoirs of heat, carbon dioxide, and water and provides a critical record of long-term change and variability over multiple time scales. Sustained high-quality observations are also needed to test and improve climate models, which provide insights into the future climate system. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate considers processes for identifying priority ocean observations that will improve understanding of the Earth's climate processes, and the challenges associated with sustaining these observations over long timeframes.

Ocean Currents

Ocean Currents
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-05-14
  • Total pages :351
  • ISBN : 0080870406
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Summary : Ocean Currents

Ocean

Ocean
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1885
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1111261763
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Summary :

Oceanography for Meteorologists

Oceanography for Meteorologists
  • Author : H.U. Sverdrup
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-04
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 8176220604
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Summary : It Is Well Recognised That Oceans Exercise A Profound Influence Upon The Climates Of The World And Upon The Larger And Smaller Features Of The Atmospheric Circulation Which Together Determine The Weather; And Also, That The Atmosphere Controls The Oceanic Circulation. The Interaction, However, Is Quite Complex. With A View To Explain The Intricacies Involved In This Interaction, This Book Deals With All Such Areas Of Physical Oceanography That Have Bearing Upon Problems Of The Atmosphere. The Heat Budget Of The Oceans And Of The Ocean Currents- Being Of The Greatest Importance To The Atmosphere, Is Discussed In Detail, After Describing The Necessary Physical Properties Of Sea Water, Including Salinity, Temperature, Density, Pressure, Etc. Theories Of The Large-Scale Ocean Currents And Of The Wind-Driven Currents Have Been Included, And Water Masses And Currents Of The Different Oceans Of The World Have Been Discussed. The Text Is Aptly Illustrated Through Graphs And Diagrams And Enriched With Tables Of Useful Scientific Data. Chapter 1: Introduction; The Heat Budget Of The Earth, Black Body Radiation, Selective Rediation And Absorption, Radiation From The Sun, Long Wave Radiation To Space, The Heat Budget Of The Atmosphere, The Atmosphere As A Thermodynamic Machine, The Oceans As Part Of The Subsurface Of The Atmosphere, Chapter 2: Physical Properties Of Sea Water; Salinity Temperature And Pressure, Salinity, Pressure, Pressure, Density Of Sea Water, Computation Of Density And Specific Volume In Situ, Thermal Properties Of Sea Water, Thermal Expansion, Thermal Conductivity, Specific Heat, Latent Heat Of Evaporation, Adiasbatic Temperature Changes In The Sea, Freezing Point Depression And Vapor Pressure Lowering, Other Properties Of Sea Water, Maximum Density, Compressibility, Viscosity, Diffusion, Surface Tension, Refractive Index, Electric Conductivity, Eddy Viscosity Conductivity And Diffusivity, General Character Of Eddy Coefficients, Influence Of Stability On Turbulence, Numerical Values Of The Vertical And Horizontal Eddy Viscosity And Eddy Conductivity, Adsorption Of Radiation, Absorption Coefficients Of Distilled Water And Of Pure Sea Water, Extinction Coefficients In The Sea, Influence Of The Altitude Of The Sun Upon The Extinction Coefficients, Cause Of The Large Extinction Coefficients In The Sea, The Color Of Sea Water, Sea Ice, Freezing And Melting Of Ice, Properties Of Sea Ice, Chapter 3: Observation In Physical Oceanography; Oceanographic Expeditions And Vessels, Temperature Observations, Surface Thermometers, Protected Reversing Thermometers, Unprotected Reversing Thermometers, Thermographs, Water Sampling Devices, Treatment And Analysis Of Serial Observations, Current Measurements, Units And Terms, Drift Methods, Flow Methods, Chapter 4: The Heat Budget Of The Oceans; Radiation, Incoming Radiation, Effect Of Clouds, Reflection, Absorption Of Radiation Energy In The Sea, Effective Back Radiation From The Sea Surface, The Radiation Budget Of The Oceans, Exchange Of Heat Between The Atmosphere And The Sea, Evaporation From The Sea, The Process Of Evaporation, Observation And Computations Of Evaporation, Average Annual Evaporaion From The Oceans, Evaporation In Different Latitudes, Annual Variation Of Evaporation, Diurnal Variation Of Evaporation, Chapter 5: General Distribution Of Salinity Temperature And Density; Salinity Of The Surface Layer, Surface Salinity, Periodic Variations Of The Surface Salinity, Temperature Of The Surface Layers, Surface Temperature, Difference Between Air And Sea Surface Temperatures, Annual Variation Of Surface Temperature, Annual Variation Of Temperature In The Surface Layers, Diurnal Variation Of Surface Temperature, Diurnal Variation Of Temperature In The Upper Layers, Distribution Of Density, Subsurface Distribution Of Temperature And Salinity, Water Masses, The T-S Diagram, Water Masses And Their Formation, Chapter 6: Ocean Currents Related To The Distribution Of Mass; Introduction, Equations Of Motion Applied To The Ocean, General Equations, Motion In The Circle Of Inertia, Simplified Equations Of Motion, Practical Applications Of The Hydrodynamic Equation For The Computation Of Ocean Currents, The Fields Of Pressure And Mass In The Ocean, The Field Of Mass, The Field Of Pressure, Currents In Stratified Water, Practical Methods For Computing Ocean Currents, Relative Currents, Slope Currents, Actual Currents, Bjerknes Theoerem Of Circulation, Transport By Currents, Chapter 7: Wind Currents And Wind Waves; Frictional Forces, The Stress Of The Wind, Piling Up Of Water Due To The Stress Of The Wind, Wind Currents In Homogenous Water, Wind Currents In Water In Which The Density Increases With Depth, Secondary Effect Of Wind In Producing Ocean Currents, Origin Of Wind Waves, Form And Characteristics Of Wind Waves, Relations Between Wind Velocity And Waves, Waves Near The Coast Breakers, Destructive Waves, Chapter 8: Thermodynamics Of Ocean Currents; Thermal Circulation, Thermohaline Circulation, Vertical Convection Currents, Chapter 9: Water Masses And Currens Of The Oceans; Water Masses Of The Oceans, Currents Of The North Atlantic Ocean, The North Equatorial Current, The Gulf Stream System, The Florida Current, The Gulf Stream, The North Atlantic Current, Transport, Currents Of The Adjacent Seas Of The North Atlantic Ocean, The Norwegian Sea And The North Polar Sea, The Labrador Sea And Baffin Bay, The Mediterranean And The Black Sea, The Caribbean Sea And The Gulf Of Mexico, Currents Of The Equatorial Part Of The Atlantic Ocean, Currents Of The South Atlantic Ocean, Currents Of The Indian Ocean, The Red Sea, Currents Of The South Pacific Ocean, Currents Of The Equatorial Pacific, Currents Of The North Pacific Ocean, The North Equatorial Current, The Kuroshio System, The Kuroshio, The Kuroshio Extension, The North Pacific Current, The Aleutian (Subarctic) Current, The Eastern Gyral In The North Pacific Ocean, The California Current, Transport, Currents In The Antarctic Ocean, The Deep Water Circulation Of The Oceans, Ice In The Sea, Ice And Iceberg In The Antarctic, Ice And Iceberg In The Arctice, Chapter 10: Interaction Between The Atmosphere And The Oceans; Character Of Interaction, The Ocean And The Climate, The Oceans And The Weather.

A Lecture on the Winds, Ocean Currents, and Tides and what They Tell of the System of the World ...

A Lecture on the Winds, Ocean Currents, and Tides and what They Tell of the System of the World ...
  • Author : William Leighton Jordan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1877
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NYPL:33433090743406
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Summary : Two lectures "delivered ... on Saturday evening, Nov. 3, 1877, [and] on Thursday evening, Dec. 20, 1877."

The Ocean in Motion

The Ocean in Motion
  • Author : Manuel G. Velarde,Roman Yu. Tarakanov,Alexey V. Marchenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-03-28
  • Total pages :625
  • ISBN : 9783319719344
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Summary : This book commemorates the 70th birthday of Eugene Morozov, the noted Russian observational oceanographer. It contains many contributions reflecting his fields of interest, including but not limited to tidal internal waves, ocean circulation, deep ocean currents, and Arctic oceanography. Special attention is paid to studies on internal waves and especially those on tidal internal waves in the Global Ocean. These papers describe the most important open problems concerning experimental studies of internal waves and their theoretical, numerical, and laboratory modeling. Further contributions investigate the physics of surface waves and their interaction with internal waves. Here, the focus is on describing interaction processes between internal waves and deep currents in the ocean, especially currents of Antarctic Bottom Water in abyssal fractures. They also touch on the problem of oceanic circulation and related processes in fjords, including those occurring under sea ice. Given its breadth of coverage, the book will appeal to anyone interested in a survey of ocean dynamics, ranging from historic perspectives to modern research topics.

The Fluid Envelope of our Planet

The Fluid Envelope of our Planet
  • Author : Eric L. Mills
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-04-23
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 9781442663602
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Summary : Oceans have had a mysterious allure for centuries, inspiring fears, myths, and poetic imaginations. By the early twentieth century, however, scientists began to see oceans as physical phenomena that could be understood through mathematical geophysics. The Fluid Envelope of Our Planet explores the scientific developments from the early middle ages to the twentieth century that illuminated the once murky depths of oceanography. Tracing the transition from descriptive to mathematical analyses of the oceans, Eric Mills examines sailors' and explorers' observations of the oceans, the influence of Scandinavian techniques on German-speaking geographers, and the eventual development of shared quantitative practices and ideas. A detailed and beautifully written account of the history of oceanography, The Fluid Envelope of Our Planet is also an engaging account of the emergence of a scientific discipline.

Sea Sick

Sea Sick
  • Author : Alanna Mitchell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-05-18
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 9781551993416
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Summary : All life — whether on land or in the sea — depends on the oceans for two things: • Oxygen. Most of Earth’s oxygen is produced by phytoplankton in the sea. These humble, one-celled organisms, rather than the spectacular rain forests, are the true lungs of the planet. • Climate control. Our climate is regulated by the ocean’s currents, winds, and water-cycle activity. Sea Sick is the first book to examine the current state of the world’s oceans — the great unexamined ecological crisis of the planet — and the fact that we are altering everything about them; temperature, salinity, acidity, ice cover, volume, circulation, and, of course, the life within them. Alanna Mitchell joins the crews of leading scientists in nine of the global ocean’s hotspots to see firsthand what is really happening around the world. Whether it’s the impact of coral reef bleaching, the puzzle of the oxygen-less dead zones such as the one in the Gulf of Mexico, or the shocking implications of the changing Ph balance of the sea, Mitchell explains the science behind the story to create an engaging, accessible yet authoritative account.