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Offshore Gas Hydrates

Offshore Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Rudy Rogers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-24
  • Total pages :398
  • ISBN : 9780128025567
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Summary : Gas hydrates collect and store both thermogenic and biogenic methane generated in deep ocean sediments that, over geologic time, forms vast methane repositories. Offshore Gas Hydrates: Origins, Development, and Production presents gas hydrates as an emerging, clean energy source possibly more abundant than all other fossil fuels and especially important for countries geographically and economically restricted from conventional fossil fuel resources. The book explores feasible methods to produce offshore hydrate gas, the means to store and transport the remotely produced gas, new hydrate inhibitors for conventional and hydrate production in ultra-deep waters, instability manifestations of seafloor hydrates, and hydrate roles in complex ecological scenarios. Complementing production and drilling method presentations are computer simulation studies, hydrate field tests, and seismic and logging developments. Offshore Gas Hydrates delivers a well-developed framework for both the oil and gas researcher and corporate engineer to better exploit this future unconventional resource, empowering the oil and gas professional with the latest data and information on sophisticated challenges that offshore hydrates present. Addresses the technical, economic, and environmental problems of producing hydrate gas. Introduces the overlooked and unchartered role of microbes in catalyzing offshore hydrate formations with attendant effects on stability/dissociation. Reviews the latest world-wide field tests, research, and case studies involving seafloor hydrates, inclusive of most known hydrate provinces. Displays two videos within the e-book only: (1) hydrates, carbonates, chemosynthetic communities, and natural hydrocarbon leakages on the seafloor at the Mississippi Canyon hydrate observatory site; (2) hydrate nucleation, migration and self-packing in a laboratory test cell under the influence of anionic surfactants. Extends deep-water hydrate knowledge regarding the hydrate formation and protective cover for microbes within the extreme environment of Mars.

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance

Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance
  • Author : Carolyn Ann Koh,Amadeu Sum
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-12
  • Total pages :224
  • ISBN : 185617946X
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Summary : With millions of kilometres of onshore and offshore oil and gas pipelines in service around the world, pipelines are the life’s blood of the world. Notorious for disrupting natural gas production or transmission, the formation of natural gas hydrates can cost a company hundreds of millions and lead to catastrophic equipment breakdowns and safety and health hazards. Written by an international group of experts, Natural Gas Hydrates in Flow Assurance provide an expert overview of the practice and theory in natural gas hydrates, with applications primarily in flow assurance. Compact and easy to use, the book provides readers with a wealth of materials which include the key lessons learned in the industry over the last 20 years. Packed with field case studies, the book is designed to provide hands-on training and practice in calculating hydrate phase equilibria and plug dissociation. In addition readers receive executable programs to calculate hydrate thermodynamics. Case studies of hydrates in flow assurance The key concepts underlying the practical applications An overview of the state of the art flow assurance industrial developments

Methane Gas Hydrate

Methane Gas Hydrate
  • Author : Ayhan Demirbas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-28
  • Total pages :186
  • ISBN : 9781848828728
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Summary : Gas hydrates represent one of the world’s largest untapped reservoirs of energy and, according to some estimates, have the potential to meet global energy needs for the next thousand years. "Methane Gas Hydrate" examines this potential by focusing on methane gas hydrate, which is increasingly considered a significant source of energy. "Methane Gas Hydrate" gives a general overview of natural gas, before delving into the subject of gas hydrates in more detail and methane gas hydrate in particular. As well as discussing methods of gas production, it also discusses the safety and environmental concerns associated with the presence of natural gas hydrates, ranging from their possible impact on the safety of conventional drilling operations to their influence on Earth’s climate. "Methane Gas Hydrate" is a useful reference on an increasingly popular energy source. It contains valuable information for chemical engineers and researchers, as well as for postgraduate students.

Hydrates of Natural Gas

Hydrates of Natural Gas
  • Author : I͡Uriĭ Fedorovich Makogon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :237
  • ISBN : UOM:39015002937566
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Summary :

Oceanic Methane Hydrates

Oceanic Methane Hydrates
  • Author : Lin Chen,Sukru Merey
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-01-10
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9780128185667
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Summary : Methane hydrates are still a complicated target for today’s oil and gas offshore engineers, particularly the lack of reliable real field test data or obtaining the most recent technology available on the feasibility and challenges surrounding the extraction of methane hydrates. Oceanic Methane Hydrates delivers the solid foundation as well as today’s advances and challenges that remain. Starting with the fundamental knowledge on gas hydrates, the authors define the origin, estimations, and known exploration and production methods. Historical and current oil and gas fields and roadmaps containing methane hydrates around the world are also covered to help lay the foundation for the early career engineer. Lab experiments and advancements in numerical reservoir simulations transition the engineer from research to practice with real field-core sampling techniques covered, points on how to choose producible methane hydrate reservoirs, and the importance of emerging technologies. Actual comparable onshore tests from around the world are included to help the engineer gain clarity on field expectations. Rounding out the reference are emerging technologies in all facets of the business including well completion and monitoring, economics aspects to consider, and environmental challenges, particularly methods to reduce the costs of methane hydrate exploration and production techniques. Rounding out a look at future trends, Oceanic Methane Hydrates covers both the basics and advances needed for today’s engineers to gain the required knowledge needed to tackle this challenging and exciting future energy source. Understand real data and practice examples covering the newest developments of methane hydrate, from chemical, reservoir modelling and production testing Gain worldwide coverage and analysis of the most recent extraction production tests Cover the full range of emerging technologies and environmental sustainability including current regulations and policy outlook

Gas Hydrate

Gas Hydrate
  • Author : Umberta Tinivella,Michela Giustiniani,Ivan De La Cruz Vargas Cordero,Atanas Vasilev
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-28
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 9783039218448
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Summary : This Special Issue reports research spanning from the analysis of indirect data, modeling, and laboratory and geological data confirming the intrinsic multidisciplinarity of gas hydrate studies. The study areas are (1) Arctic, (2) Brazil, (3) Chile, and (4) the Mediterranean region. The results furnished an important tessera of the knowledge about the relationship of a gas hydrate system with other complex natural phenomena such as climate change, slope stability and earthquakes, and human activities.

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing

Monoethylene Glycol as Hydrate Inhibitor in Offshore Natural Gas Processing
  • Author : Alexandre Mendonça Teixeira,Lara de Oliveira Arinelli,José Luiz de Medeiros,Ofélia de Queiroz Fernandes Araújo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-09-15
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9783319660745
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Summary : This book addresses several issues related to hydrate inhibition and monoethylene glycol (MEG) recovery units (MRUs) in offshore natural gas fields, from fundamentals to engineering aspects and from energy consumption assessment to advanced topics such as exergy analysis. The assessment of energy degradation in MRUs is critical in offshore rigs, and the topic of exergy theory has by no means been completely explored; it is still being developed. The book presents a comprehensive, yet concise, formulation for exergy flow and examines different approaches for the reference state of MEG and definition of the reference environment so as to obtain an effective exergy analysis with consistent results. It also provides new and useful information that has a great potential in the field of exergy analysis application by assessing energy degradation for three well-known MRU technologies on offshore rigs: the Traditional Atmospheric Distillation Process; the Full-Stream Process; and the Slip-Stream Process. The book then elucidates how the main design parameters impact the efficiency of MEG recovery units and offers insights into thermodynamic efficiency based on case studies of general distillation-based processes with sharp or not too sharp cut, providing ranges for expected values of efficiencies and enhancing a global comprehension of this subject. Since MEG recovery is an energy consuming process that invariably has to be conducted in a limited space and with limited power supply, the book is a valuable resource for those involved in design, engineering, economic evaluation and environmental evaluation of topside processing on offshore platforms for natural gas production.

Exploration of Gas Hydrates

Exploration of Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Naresh Kumar Thakur,Sanjeev Rajput
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-10-08
  • Total pages :281
  • ISBN : 3642142346
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Summary : Gas hydrates are ice-like crystalline substances that form a rigid cage of water molecules and entrap hydrocarbon and non-hydrocarbon gas by hydrogen bonding. Natural gas hydrate is primarily composed of water and methane. These are solid, crystalline, ice-like substances found in permafrost areas and deepwater basins around the world. They naturally occur in the pore space of marine sediments, where appropriate high pressure and low temperature conditions exist in an adequate supply of gas (mainly methane). Gas hydrates are considered as a potential non conventional energy resource. Methane hydrates are also recognized as, an influence on offshore platform stability, a major factor in climate change contributing to global warming and a significant contribution to the ocean carbon cycle. The proposed book treats various geophysical techniques in order to quantify the gas hydrate reserves and their impact on environment. The primary goal of this book is to provide the state of art for gas hydrate exploration. The target audiences for this book are non-specialist from different branches of science, graduate students and researchers.

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada

Energy from Gas Hydrates: Assessing the Opportunities and Challenges for Canada
  • Author : Council of Canadian Academies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :18
  • ISBN : 9781926558028
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Summary :

Geophysical Characterization of Gas Hydrates

Geophysical Characterization of Gas Hydrates
  • Author : Michael Riedel,Eleanor Colleen Willoughby,Satinder Chopra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 0931830419
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Summary : The occurrence of gas hydrates in large quantities worldwide, and their immense energy potential have prompted concerted efforts into their exploration and understanding over the last many years. During this time, geophysical characterization of natural gas hydrate occurrences by seismic and other methods have gained prominence, and such studies have been reported from time to time. However, no compilation of such studies was ever attempted. This SEG publication, Geophysical Characterization of Gas Hydrates (Geophysical Developments No. 14), is the first book on the topic that focuses on documenting various types of geophysical studies that are carried out for the detection and mapping of gas hydrates.

Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate for the United States

Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate for the United States
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Earth Resources,Committee on Assessment of the Department of Energy's Methane Hydrate Research and Development Program: Evaluating Methane Hydrate as a Future Energy Resource
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-06-30
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 0309157633
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Summary : Natural gas, composed mostly of methane, is the cleanest of all the fossil fuels, emitting 25-50% less carbon dioxide than either oil or coal for each unit of energy produced. In recent years, natural gas supplied approximately 20-25% of all energy consumed in the United States. Methane hydrate is a potentially enormous and as yet untapped source of methane. The Department of Energy's Methane Hydrate Research and Development Program has been tasked since 2000 to implement and coordinate a national methane hydrate research effort to stimulate the development of knowledge and technology necessary for commercial production of methane from methane hydrate in a safe and environmentally responsible way. Realizing the Energy Potential of Methane Hydrate for the United States evaluates the program's research projects and management processes since its congressional re-authorization in 2005, and presents recommendations for its future research and development initiatives.

Geological Controls for Gas Hydrates and Unconventionals

Geological Controls for Gas Hydrates and Unconventionals
  • Author : Sanjeev Rajput,Naresh Kumar Thakur
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-29
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9780128020593
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Summary : Geological Controls for Gas Hydrate Formations and Unconventionals tells the story of unconventional hydrocarbon resources, especially gas hydrates, tight gas, shale gas, liquid- rich shale, and shale oil, to future generations. It presents the most current research in unconventionals, covering structural constituents of continental margins and their role in generating hydrocarbons. Additionally, this book answers basic questions regarding quantifications and characterizations, distributions, modes of occurrence, physical and chemical properties, and more — in essence, all the information that is necessary to improve the models for precision prediction of the enigma of gas hydrates and other unconventionals. Blending geology, geophysics, geomechanics, petrophysics, and reservoir engineering, it explains in simple language the scientific concepts that are necessary to develop geological and reservoir models for unconventionals. Serving as a focal point for geoscientists and engineers conducting research that focuses on reservoir characteristics of unconventionals, Geological Controls for Gas Hydrate Formations and Unconventionals is a useful resource for a variety of other specialiststies including physicists, geochemists, exploration geologists, and petroleum and reservoir engineers. It details the key factors for successful exploration and development of unconventional reservoirs including discovery, data evaluation, full-field development, production, and abandonment, along with a vivid description ofn the worldwide occurrence of unconventional hydrocarbons. Includes a range of datasets that provide detailed workflows for geological modeling Presents theoretical and real data analysis from different parts of the world, making its content practical and implementable in a range of gas hydrate exploration and extraction scenarios Features more than 200 figures and illustrations to highlight key concepts

Natural Gas Hydrates

Natural Gas Hydrates
  • Author : John Carroll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-01-13
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 0080512402
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Summary : This is the most exhaustive study to date on natural gas hydrates. In spite of their importance, hydrates are misunderstood, and misconceptions abound. This book provides an accurate review of what hydrates are and under what conditions they will form, and it provides the engineer with the methods to predict the occurrences of hydrates. The petroleum industry spends millions every year to combat the formation of hydrates, the solid, crystalline compounds that form from water and small molecules, damaging equipment and plugging transmission lines. Understanding how, when, and where they form and using this knowledge to apply remedies in practical applications are crucial. * The most comprehensive study of natural gas hydrates * A manual for the engineer or textbook for the student * Contains cutting-edge solutions to natural gas hydrate problems

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons

Hydrates of Hydrocarbons
  • Author : Iu. F. Makogon,I︠U︡riĭ Fedorovich Makogon,Yuri F. Makogon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :482
  • ISBN : 0878147187
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Summary : Hydrates of Hydrocarbons is the first book to address methods of hydrate removal and, most importantly, prevention of hydrate build-up. The book provides solutions formulated for drilling, pipeline, and chemical engineers in both the onshore and offshore environments, as well as educators in advanced petroleum and chemical engineering courses. It also offers timely information on the use of hydrate properties in new technologies and the production of gas from natural gas hydrate deposits.

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry

Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industry
  • Author : Viswanathan S. Saji,Saviour A. Umoren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-10
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 9783527822133
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Summary : Provides comprehensive coverage of corrosion inhibitors in the oil and gas industries Considering the high importance of corrosion inhibitor development for the oil and gas sectors, this book provides a thorough overview of the most recent advancements in this field. It systematically addresses corrosion inhibitors for various applications in the oil and gas value chain, as well as the fundamentals of corrosion inhibition and interference of inhibitors with co-additives. Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is presented in three parts. The first part on Fundamentals and Approaches focuses on principles and processes in the oil and gas industry, the types of corrosion encountered and their control methods, environmental factors affecting inhibition, material selection strategies, and economic aspects of corrosion. The second part on Choice of Inhibitors examines corrosion inhibitors for acidizing processes, inhibitors for sweet and sour corrosion, inhibitors in refinery operations, high-temperature corrosion inhibitors, inhibitors for challenging corrosive environments, inhibitors for microbiologically influenced corrosion, polymeric inhibitors, vapor phase inhibitors, and smart controlled release inhibitor systems. The last part on Interaction with Co-additives looks at industrial co-additives and their interference with corrosion inhibitors such as antiscalants, hydrate inhibitors, and sulfide scavengers. -Presents a well-structured and systematic overview of the fundamentals and factors affecting corrosion -Acts as a handy reference tool for scientists and engineers working with corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Collectively presents all the information available on the development and application of corrosion inhibitors for the oil and gas industries -Offers a unique and specific focus on the oil and gas industries Corrosion Inhibitors in the Oil and Gas Industries is an excellent resource for scientists in industry as well as in academia working in the field of corrosion protection for the oil and gas sectors, and will appeal to materials scientists, electrochemists, chemists, and chemical engineers.

S. 33 and H.R. 1753, the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 1999

S. 33 and H.R. 1753, the Methane Hydrate Research and Development Act of 1999
  • Author : United States,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science. Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :111
  • ISBN : PSU:000043062966
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Summary :

Natural Gas Hydrate

Natural Gas Hydrate
  • Author : M.D. Max
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :415
  • ISBN : 9789401143875
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Summary : 1. THE BEGINNINGS OF HYDRATE RESEARCH Until very recently, our understanding of hydrate in the natural environment and its impact on seafloor stability, its importance as a sequester of methane, and its potential as an important mechanism in the Earth's climate change system, was masked by our lack of appreciation of the vastness of the hydrate resource. Only a few publications on naturally occurring hydrate existed prior to 1975. The first published reference to oceanic gas hydrate (Bryan and Markl, 1966) and the first publication in the scientific literature (Stoll, et a1., 1971) show how recently it has been since the topic of naturally occurring hydrate has been raised. Recently, however, the number of hydrate publications has increased substantially, reflecting increased research into hydrate topics and the initiation of funding to support the researchers. Awareness of the existence of naturally occurring gas hydrate now has spread beyond the few scientific enthusiasts who pursued knowledge about the elusive hydrate because of simple interest and lurking suspicions that hydrate would prove to be an important topic. The first national conference on gas hydrate in the U.S. was held as recently as April, 1991 at the U.S. National Center of the U.s. Geological Survey in Reston Virginia (Max et al., 1991). The meeting was co-hosted by the U.s. Geological Survey, the Naval Research Laboratory, and the U.S.

On Significant Applications of Geophysical Methods

On Significant Applications of Geophysical Methods
  • Author : Narasimman Sundararajan,Mehdi Eshagh,Hakim Saibi,Mustapha Meghraoui,Mansour Al-Garni,Bernard Giroux
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-13
  • Total pages :263
  • ISBN : 9783030016562
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Summary : This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. This special volume is of interest to all researchers practicing geosphysicists/seismologists, students of PG and UG in the fields of multifaceted Geoscience. Major applications with relevant illustrations presented in the volume are from Middle East. And therefore, this book no doubt would serve as a reference guide to all geoscientists and students in the broad field of Earth Science. This volume covers significant applications of gravity and magnetic methods, electrical and electromagnetic methods, refraction and reflection seismic methods besides a large number of study on earthquakes, tectonics and geological settings etc. The salient features of this volume are the interpretation and modeling of geophysical data of different nature. Main topics include: 1. Applications of gravity and magnetic methods.2. Electrical and Electromagnetic methods in mineral and groundwater exploration.3. Case studies on refraction and reflection seismic methods.4. Integrated geoscience applications in the exploration of subsurface resources.5. Hydrocarbon and petrophysical studies6. Earthquakes and seismic hazard assessment.7. Tectonics

Offshore Operation Facilities

Offshore Operation Facilities
  • Author : Huacan Fang,Menglan Duan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-05
  • Total pages :1196
  • ISBN : 9780123972842
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Summary : Offshore Operation Facilities: Equipment and Procedures provides new engineers with the knowledge and methods that will assist them in maximizing efficiency while minimizing cost and helps them prepare for the many operational variables involved in offshore operations. This book clearly presents the working knowledge of subsea operations and demonstrates how to optimize operations offshore. The first half of the book covers the fundamental principles governing offshore engineering structural design, as well as drilling operations, procedures, and equipment. The second part includes common challenges of deep water oil and gas engineering as well as beach (shallow) oil engineering, submarine pipeline engineering, cable engineering, and safety system engineering. Many examples are included from various offshore locations, with special focus on offshore China operations. In the offshore petroleum engineering industry, the ability to maintain a profitable business depends on the efficiency and reliability of the structure, the equipment, and the engineer. Offshore Operation Facilities: Equipment and Procedures assists engineers in meeting consumer demand while maintaining a profitable operation. Comprehensive guide to the latest technology, strategies, and best practices for offshore operations Step-by-step approach for dealing with common challenges such as deepwater and shallow waters Includes submarine pipeline, cable engineering, and safety system engineering Unique examples from various offshore locations around the world, with special focus on offshore China

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2008: Justification of the budget estimates: USGS, MMS, Bureau of Indian Affairs

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2008: Justification of the budget estimates: USGS, MMS, Bureau of Indian Affairs
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :8
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D02714678B
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Summary :

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis

Submarine Landslides and Tsunamis
  • Author : Ahmet C. Yalçiner,Efim N. Pelinovsky,Emile Okal,Costas E. Synolakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :328
  • ISBN : 9789401002059
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Summary : Tsunamis are water waves triggered by impulsive geologic events such as sea floor deformation, landslides, slumps, subsidence, volcanic eruptions and bolide impacts. Tsunamis can inflict significant damage and casualties both nearfield and after evolving over long propagation distances and impacting distant coastlines. Tsunamis can also effect geomorphologic changes along the coast. Understanding tsunami generation and evolution is of paramount importance for protecting coastal population at risk, coastal structures and the natural environment. Accurately and reliably predicting the initial waveform and the associated coastal effects of tsunamis remains one of the most vexing problems in geophysics, and -with few exceptions- has resisted routine numerical computation or data collection solutions. While ten years ago, it was believed that the generation problem was adequately understood for useful predictions, it is now clear that it is not, especially nearfield. By contrast, the runup problem earlier believed intractable is now well understood for all but the most extreme breaking wave events.