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Oil Spill Science and Technology

Oil Spill Science and Technology
  • Author : Mervin Fingas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-01
  • Total pages :1190
  • ISBN : 0128094133
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Summary : "Oil Spill Science and Technology, Second Edition, "delivers a multi-contributed view on the entire chain of oil-spill related topics from oil properties and behaviors, to remote sensing through the management side of contingency planning and communicating oil spill risk perceptions. Completely new case studies are included with special attention to the Deepwater Horizon event, covering the impacts of wetlands and sand beaches, a mass balance approach, and the process for removing petroleum chemicals still trapped near Alabama beaches. Other new information on lingering oil left behind from the Exxon Valdez spill, the emergency system used in the Prestige incident, and coverage on the Heibei Spirit spill in Korea are also included. This updated edition combines technology with case studies to identify the current state of knowledge surrounding oil spills that will encourage additional areas of research that are left to uncover in this critical sector of the oil and gas industry. Updated with new chapters on risk analysis and communication, contingency planning, restoration, and case studiesSupported with technological advances evolved from the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil tragedy and events in the Arctic/AntarcticMulti-contributed from various industry experts to provide an extensive background in technical equipment and worldwide procedures used today

Handbook of Oil Spill Science and Technology

Handbook of Oil Spill Science and Technology
  • Author : Merv Fingas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-02
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9780470455517
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Summary : Risk analysis and prevention. Oil properties oil physiscal properties. Oil composition and properties. Oil analysis. oil behavior. Modeling. oil spill on land. Effects of oil. Natural dispersion. Cold region spills. Case studies.

Oil Spill Science and Technology

Oil Spill Science and Technology
  • Author : Mervin Fingas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-03
  • Total pages :1192
  • ISBN : 1856179443
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Summary : The National Academy of Sciences estimate that 1.7 to 8.8 million tons of oil are released into world's water every year, of which more than 70% is directly related to human activities. The effects of these spills are all too apparent: dead wildlife, oil covered marshlands and contaminated water chief among them. This reference will provide scientists, engineers and practitioners with the latest methods use for identify and eliminating spills before they occur and develop the best available techniques, equipment and materials for dealing with oil spills in every environment. Topics covered include: spill dynamics and behaviour, spill treating agents, and cleanup techniques such as: in situ burning, mechanical containment or recovery, chemical and biological methods and physical methods are used to clean up shorelines. Also included are the fate and effects of oil spills and means to assess damage. Covers spill dynamics and behaviour Definitive guide to spill treating agents Complete coverage of cleanup techniques Includes fate and effects of oil spills and means to assess damage

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Zhendi Wang,Scott Stout
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-26
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 0080467733
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Summary : Oil Spill Environmental Forensics provides a complete view of the various forensic techniques used to identify the source of an oil spill into the environment. The forensic procedures described within represent various methods from scientists throughout the world. The authors explore which analytical and interpretative techniques are best suited for a particular oil spill project. This handy reference also explores the use of these techniques in actual environmental oil spills. Famous incidents discussed include the Exxon Valdez incident in 1989 and the Guanabara Bay, Brazil 2000. The authors chronicle both the successes and failures of the techniques used for each of these events. Dr. Zhendi Wang is a senior research scientist and Head of Oil Spill Research of Environment Canada, working in the oil and toxic chemical spill research field. He has authored over 270 academic publications and won a number of national and international scientific honors and awards. Dr. Wang is a member of American Chemical Society (ACS), the Canadian Society for Chemistry (CSC), and the International Society of Environmental Forensics (ISEF). International experts show readers the forensic techniques used in oil spill investigations Provides the theoretical basis and practical applications for investigative techniques Contains numerous case studies demonstrating proven technique

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-03
  • Total pages :1142
  • ISBN : 9780128039021
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Summary : Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico

An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Effects of the Deepwater Horizon Mississippi Canyon-252 Oil Spill on Ecosystem Services in the Gulf of Mexico
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-20
  • Total pages :246
  • ISBN : 9780309288484
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Summary : As the Gulf of Mexico recovers from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, natural resource managers face the challenge of understanding the impacts of the spill and setting priorities for restoration work. The full value of losses resulting from the spill cannot be captured, however, without consideration of changes in ecosystem services--the benefits delivered to society through natural processes. An Ecosystem Services Approach to Assessing the Impacts of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill in the Gulf of Mexico discusses the benefits and challenges associated with using an ecosystem services approach to damage assessment, describing potential impacts of response technologies, exploring the role of resilience, and offering suggestions for areas of future research. This report illustrates how this approach might be applied to coastal wetlands, fisheries, marine mammals, and the deep sea -- each of which provide key ecosystem services in the Gulf -- and identifies substantial differences among these case studies. The report also discusses the suite of technologies used in the spill response, including burning, skimming, and chemical dispersants, and their possible long-term impacts on ecosystem services.

A New Direction for Federal Oil Spill Research and Development

A New Direction for Federal Oil Spill Research and Development
  • Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : UOM:39015090406417
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Summary :

Report of the Second International Oil Spill Research and Development Forum

Report of the Second International Oil Spill Research and Development Forum
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :69
  • ISBN : OCLC:704182399
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Summary :

The Oil Spill Recovery Institute

The Oil Spill Recovery Institute
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Polar Research Board,Committee to Review the Oil Spill Recovery Institute's Research Program
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-17
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 0309182409
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Summary : As a result of the 1989 Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in Prince William Sound, Congress passed the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA 90), and within that legislation, the Oil Spill Recovery Institute (OSRI) was born. This report assesses the strength and weaknesses of this research program, with emphasis on whether the activities supported to date address the OSRI mission, whether the processes used are sound, and whether the research and technology development projects are of high quality

The Science, Technology, and Effects of Controlled Burning of Oil Spills at Sea

The Science, Technology, and Effects of Controlled Burning of Oil Spills at Sea
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : PSU:000031399630
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Summary :

Oil spill problem

Oil spill problem
  • Author : États-Unis. President's panel on oil spills
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :26
  • ISBN : OCLC:462336051
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Summary :

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies

Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies
  • Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-31
  • Total pages :860
  • ISBN : 9780128044353
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Summary : Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies includes 34 chapters that serve to present various aspects of environmental forensics in relation to “real-world oil spill case studies from around the globe. Authors representing academic, government, and private researcher groups from 14 countries bring a diverse and global perspective to this volume. Oil Spill Environmental Forensics Case Studies addresses releases of natural gas/methane, automotive gasoline and other petroleum fuels, lubricants, vegetable oils, paraffin waxes, bitumen, manufactured gas plant residues, urban runoff, and, of course, crude oil, the latter ranging from light Bakken shale oil to heavy Canadian oil sands oil. New challenges surrounding forensic investigations of stray gas in the shallow subsurface, volatiles in air, dissolved chemicals in water (including passive samplers), and biological tissues associated with oil spills are included, as are the effects and long-term oil weathering, long-term monitoring in urbanized and non-urbanized environments, fate and transport, forensic historical research, new analytical and chemical data processing and interpretation methods. Presents cases in each chapter on the application of specific oil spill environmental forensic techniques Features chapters written by international experts from both academia and industry Includes relevant concepts and theories elucidated for each theme

The Second International Symposium on Oil Spills

The Second International Symposium on Oil Spills
  • Author : International Symposium on Oil Spills,Japan Kinzoku-Kōgyō-Jigyōdan,Kaiyō-Rikōgakkai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :3
  • ISBN : OCLC:246037508
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Summary :

The Oil Spill Problem

The Oil Spill Problem
  • Author : United States. President's Panel on Oil Spills,United States. Office of Science and Technologys
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :25
  • ISBN : UOM:39015014593167
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Summary :

Oil Spill Occurrence, Simulation, and Behavior

Oil Spill Occurrence, Simulation, and Behavior
  • Author : M.R. Riazi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-03-25
  • Total pages :316
  • ISBN : 9780429778148
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Summary : Oil Spill Occurrence, Simulation, and Behavior provides practical insight into oil spills and their causes, impacts, response and cleanup methods, simple and advanced modeling of oil spill behavior, and oil spill simulation techniques. Discusses various sources of oil spills and major accidents Includes case studies on the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill, including environmental, economic, and political impacts, modeling and behavior as well as response and cleanup methods Introduces some commercial softwares on predicting oil movement and spreading on water Describes properties and characteristics of crude oil and its products needed for simulation and prediction of behavior of an oil slick Written as an applied book with minimal math and theory, making it accessible to a wide range of readers The book includes more than 100 unique and informative images in color This essential book is aimed at professionals, academics, and scientists in the fields of chemical engineering, petroleum engineering, environmental engineering, marine and ocean engineering working on the simulation and modeling, mitigation, and prevention of oil spills.

Oil Spill Dispersants

Oil Spill Dispersants
  • Author : Committee on Understanding Oil Spill Dispersants: Efficacy and Effects,Ocean Studies Board,National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :377
  • ISBN : UOM:39015062534741
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Summary : Approximately 3 million gallons of oil or refined petroleum products are spilled into U.S. waters every year. Oil dispersants (chemical agents such as surfactants, solvents, and other compounds) are used to reduce the effect of oil spills by changing the chemical and physical properties of the oil. By enhancing the amount of oil that physically mixes into the water, dispersants can reduce the potential that a surface slick will contaminate shoreline habitats. Although called for in the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 as a tool for minimizing the impact of oil spills, the use of chemical dispersants has long been controversial. This book reviews the adequacy of existing information and ongoing research regarding the effectiveness of dispersants as an oil spill response technique, as well as the effect of dispersed oil on marine and coastal ecosystems. Oil Spill Dispersants also includes recommended steps for policy makers faced with making hard choices regarding the use of dispersants as part of spill contingency planning efforts or during actual spills.

Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines

Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Committee on the Effects of Diluted Bitumen on the Environment
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-22
  • Total pages :166
  • ISBN : 9780309380133
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Summary : Diluted bitumen has been transported by pipeline in the United States for more than 40 years, with the amount increasing recently as a result of improved extraction technologies and resulting increases in production and exportation of Canadian diluted bitumen. The increased importation of Canadian diluted bitumen to the United States has strained the existing pipeline capacity and contributed to the expansion of pipeline mileage over the past 5 years. Although rising North American crude oil production has resulted in greater transport of crude oil by rail or tanker, oil pipelines continue to deliver the vast majority of crude oil supplies to U.S. refineries. Spills of Diluted Bitumen from Pipelines examines the current state of knowledge and identifies the relevant properties and characteristics of the transport, fate, and effects of diluted bitumen and commonly transported crude oils when spilled in the environment. This report assesses whether the differences between properties of diluted bitumen and those of other commonly transported crude oils warrant modifications to the regulations governing spill response plans and cleanup. Given the nature of pipeline operations, response planning, and the oil industry, the recommendations outlined in this study are broadly applicable to other modes of transportation as well.

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics

Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics
  • Author : Scott Stout,Zhendi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-01
  • Total pages :1016
  • ISBN : 0128038322
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Summary : Standard Handbook Oil Spill Environmental Forensics: Fingerprinting and Source Identification, Second Edition, provides users with the latest information on the tools and methods that have become popular over the past ten years. The book presents practitioners with the latest environmental forensics techniques and best practices for quickly identifying the sources of spills, how to form an effective response, and how to determine liability. This second edition represents a complete overhaul of the existing chapters, and includes 13 new chapters on methods and applications, such as emerging application of PAHi isomers in oil spill forensics, development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices. Contains 13 new chapters on methods and applications, including emerging application of PAH isomers in oil drill forensics, the development and application of computerized oil spill identification (COSI), and the fingerprinting of oil in biological and passive sampling devices Presents the latest technology and methods in biodegradation of oil hydrocarbons and its implications for source identification, surface trajectory modeling of marine oil spills, and identification of hydrocarbons in biological samples for source determination Contains new case studies to illustrate key applications, methods, and techniques

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging Mechanism for Oil Spills

Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging Mechanism for Oil Spills
  • Author : Maged Marghany
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-21
  • Total pages :322
  • ISBN : 9780128181126
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Summary : Synthetic Aperture Radar Imaging Mechanism for Oil Spills delivers the critical tool needed to understand the latest technology in radar imaging of oil spills, particularly microwave radar as a main source to understand analysis and applications in the field of marine pollution. Filling the gap between modern physics quantum theory and applications of radar imaging of oil spills, this reference is packed with technical details associated with the potentiality of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and the key methods used to extract the value-added information necessary, such as location, size, perimeter and chemical details of the oil slick from SAR measurements. Rounding out with practical simulation trajectory movements of oil spills using radar images, this book brings an effective new source of technology and applications for today’s oil and marine pollution engineers. Bridges the gap between theory and application of the techniques involving oil spill monitoring Helps readers understand a new approach to four-dimensional automatic detection Provides advanced knowledge on image processing based on intelligent learning machine algorithms and new techniques for detection, such as quantum and multi-objective algorithms

A New Direction for Federal Oil Spill Research and Development

A New Direction for Federal Oil Spill Research and Development
  • Author : United States House of Representatives,Committee on Science and Techno (house),United S. Congress
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-06
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 1697930123
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Summary : A new direction for federal oil spill research and development: hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, Committee on Science and Technology, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eleventh Congress, first session, June 4, 2009.

The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup

The Basics of Oil Spill Cleanup
  • Author : Merv Fingas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-01-01
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9781420032598
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Summary : Constant media attention on oil spills has created global awareness of their risks and the damage they do. Often under-reported is the average cost of the cleanup - often as high as $200 per liter of oil spilled. Oil is a necessity in today's industrial society, and since our dependence on it is not likely to and any time soon, we will continue to