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On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Edward O. Wilson,Honorary Curator in Entomology and University Research Professor Emeritus Edward O Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 0674016386
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Summary : Preface 1 Dilemma 2 Heredity 3 Development 4 Emergence 5 Aggression 6 Sex 7 Altruism 8 Religion 9 Hope Glossary Notes Index.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Edward O. Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-01
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780674076556
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Summary : In his new preface E. O. Wilson reflects on how he came to write this book: how The Insect Societies led him to write Sociobiology, and how the political and religious uproar that engulfed that book persuaded him to write another book that would better explain the relevance of biology to the understanding of human behavior.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Michel Tibayrenc,Francisco J. Ayala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-12
  • Total pages :814
  • ISBN : 9780127999159
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Summary : On Human Nature: Biology, Psychology, Ethics, Politics, and Religion covers the present state of knowledge on human diversity and its adaptative significance through a broad and eclectic selection of representative chapters. This transdisciplinary work brings together specialists from various fields who rarely interact, including geneticists, evolutionists, physicians, ethologists, psychoanalysts, anthropologists, sociologists, theologians, historians, linguists, and philosophers. Genomic diversity is covered in several chapters dealing with biology, including the differences in men and apes and the genetic diversity of mankind. Top specialists, known for their open mind and broad knowledge have been carefully selected to cover each topic. The book is therefore at the crossroads between biology and human sciences, going beyond classical science in the Popperian sense. The book is accessible not only to specialists, but also to students, professors, and the educated public. Glossaries of specialized terms and general public references help nonspecialists understand complex notions, with contributions avoiding technical jargon. Provides greater understanding of diversity and population structure and history, with crucial foundational knowledge needed to conduct research in a variety of fields, such as genetics and disease Includes three robust sections on biological, psychological, and ethical aspects, with cross-fertilization and reciprocal references between the three sections Contains contributions by leading experts in their respective fields working under the guidance of internationally recognized and highly respected editors

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Edward O. Wilson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11
  • Total pages :260
  • ISBN : 9780674076549
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Summary : In his new preface E. O. Wilson reflects on how he came to write this book: how The Insect Societies led him to write Sociobiology, and how the political and religious uproar that engulfed that book persuaded him to write another book that would better explain the relevance of biology to the understanding of human behavior.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Roger Scruton
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-16
  • Total pages :160
  • ISBN : 9780691183039
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Summary : In this short book, acclaimed writer and philosopher Roger Scruton presents an original and radical defense of human uniqueness. Confronting the views of evolutionary psychologists, utilitarian moralists, and philosophical materialists such as Richard Dawkins and Daniel Dennett, Scruton argues that human beings cannot be understood simply as biological objects. We are not only human animals; we are also persons, in essential relation with other persons, and bound to them by obligations and rights. Scruton develops and defends his account of human nature by ranging widely across intellectual history, from Plato and Averroës to Darwin and Wittgenstein. The book begins with Kant’s suggestion that we are distinguished by our ability to say “I”—by our sense of ourselves as the centers of self-conscious reflection. This fact is manifested in our emotions, interests, and relations. It is the foundation of the moral sense, as well as of the aesthetic and religious conceptions through which we shape the human world and endow it with meaning. And it lies outside the scope of modern materialist philosophy, even though it is a natural and not a supernatural fact. Ultimately, Scruton offers a new way of understanding how self-consciousness affects the question of how we should live. The result is a rich view of human nature that challenges some of today’s most fashionable ideas about our species.

The Laws of Human Nature

The Laws of Human Nature
  • Author : Robert Greene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-23
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9780698184541
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Summary : From the #1 New York Times-bestselling author of The 48 Laws of Power comes the definitive new book on decoding the behavior of the people around you Robert Greene is a master guide for millions of readers, distilling ancient wisdom and philosophy into essential texts for seekers of power, understanding and mastery. Now he turns to the most important subject of all - understanding people's drives and motivations, even when they are unconscious of them themselves. We are social animals. Our very lives depend on our relationships with people. Knowing why people do what they do is the most important tool we can possess, without which our other talents can only take us so far. Drawing from the ideas and examples of Pericles, Queen Elizabeth I, Martin Luther King Jr, and many others, Greene teaches us how to detach ourselves from our own emotions and master self-control, how to develop the empathy that leads to insight, how to look behind people's masks, and how to resist conformity to develop your singular sense of purpose. Whether at work, in relationships, or in shaping the world around you, The Laws of Human Nature offers brilliant tactics for success, self-improvement, and self-defense.

Conversations on Human Nature

Conversations on Human Nature
  • Author : Agustín Fuentes,Aku Visala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-01
  • Total pages :325
  • ISBN : 9781315431529
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Summary : Recent empirical and philosophical research into the evolutionary history of Homo sapiens, the origins of the mind/brain, and the development of human culture has sparked heated debates about what it means to be human and how knowledge about humans from the sciences and humanities should be understood. Conversations on Human Nature, featuring 20 interviews with leading scholars in biology, psychology, anthropology, philosophy, and theology, brings these debates to life for teachers, students, and general readers. The book-outlines the basic scientific, philosophical and theological issues involved in understanding human nature;-organizes material from the various disciplines under four broad headings: (1) evolution, brains and human nature; (2) biocultural human nature; (3) persons, minds and human nature, (4) religion, theology and human nature; -concludes with Fuentes and Visala's discussion of what researchers into human nature agree on, what they disagree on, and what we need to learn to resolve those differences.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Jonathan H. Turner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-11-24
  • Total pages :298
  • ISBN : 9781000213652
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Summary : In this book, Jonathan H. Turner combines sociology, evolutionary biology, cladistic analysis from biology, and comparative neuroanatomy to examine human nature as inherited from common ancestors shared by humans and present-day great apes. Selection pressures altered this inherited legacy for the ancestors of humans—termed hominins for being bipedal—and forced greater organization than extant great apes when the hominins moved into open-country terrestrial habitats. The effects of these selection pressures increased hominin ancestors’ emotional capacities through greater social and group orientation. This shift, in turn, enabled further selection for a larger brain, articulated speech, and culture along the human line. Turner elaborates human nature as a series of overlapping complexes that are the outcome of the inherited legacy of great apes being fed through the transforming effects of a larger brain, speech, and culture. These complexes, he shows, can be understood as the cognitive complex, the psychological complex, the emotions complex, the interaction complex, and the community complex.

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Thomas Aquinas,Saint Thomas (Aquinas)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 0872204545
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Summary : This volume begins with excerpts from Aquinas' commentary on De Anima, excerpts that proceed from a general consideration of soul as common to all living things to a consideration of the animal soul and, finally, to what is peculiar to the human soul. These are followed by the Treatise on Man, Aquinas' most famous discussion of human nature, but one whose organization is dictated by theological concerns and whose philosophical importance is thus best appreciated when seen as presented here: within the historical philosophical framework of which it constitutes a development. Aquinas' discussions of the will and the passions follow, providing fruitful points of comparison with other philosophers.

Being Human

Being Human
  • Author : Richard Gross
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-20
  • Total pages :234
  • ISBN : 9780429619762
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Summary : While there may be no one single characteristic that differentiates humans as a species, it is the combination of differences from other species that makes us unique. The new edition of Being Human examines the psychology of being human through exploring different psychological traditions alongside philosophy and evolutionary theory, covering themes such as culture, cognition, language, morality, and society. Our nature – or ‘essence’ – is something that has preoccupied human beings throughout our history, beginning with philosophy and religion, and continuing through the biological, social, and psychological sciences. Being Human begins by describing some of the major philosophical accounts of human nature, from Ancient Greek philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, to major British and Continental philosophers, such as Locke and Nietzsche. The book considers religious accounts of human nature, with their focus on the nature of good and evil, and scientific accounts of genetics and the brain, which underpin the distinctively human cognitive ability of language. Attention then turns to the ideas of the behaviourists, such as Skinner, Freud, and other psychodynamic psychologists, and humanistic-phenomenological psychologists, such as Maslow. Finally, human culture is discussed as the ultimate defining characteristic of human beings: culture represents our ‘natural habitat’ and what defines us as a species. This updated second edition includes increased coverage of social psychology and has a broader scope, in order to identify the defining characteristics of human beings. With reference to current psychological research and philosophical material, this is fascinating reading for students of psychology, philosophy, and the social sciences.

A Treatise of Human Nature

A Treatise of Human Nature
  • Author : David Hume
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1888
  • Total pages :709
  • ISBN : UOM:39015003849117
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Summary :

A Treatise on Human Nature

A Treatise on Human Nature
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1451002572
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Summary :

What's Left of Human Nature?

What's Left of Human Nature?
  • Author : Maria Kronfeldner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-16
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9780262347976
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Summary : A philosophical account of human nature that defends the concept against dehumanization, Darwinian, and developmentalist challenges. Human nature has always been a foundational issue for philosophy. What does it mean to have a human nature? Is the concept the relic of a bygone age? What is the use of such a concept? What are the epistemic and ontological commitments people make when they use the concept? In What's Left of Human Nature? Maria Kronfeldner offers a philosophical account of human nature that defends the concept against contemporary criticism. In particular, she takes on challenges related to social misuse of the concept that dehumanizes those regarded as lacking human nature (the dehumanization challenge); the conflict between Darwinian thinking and essentialist concepts of human nature (the Darwinian challenge); and the consensus that evolution, heredity, and ontogenetic development result from nurture and nature. After answering each of these challenges, Kronfeldner presents a revisionist account of human nature that minimizes dehumanization and does not fall back on outdated biological ideas. Her account is post-essentialist because it eliminates the concept of an essence of being human; pluralist in that it argues that there are different things in the world that correspond to three different post-essentialist concepts of human nature; and interactive because it understands nature and nurture as interacting at the developmental, epigenetic, and evolutionary levels. On the basis of this, she introduces a dialectical concept of an ever-changing and “looping” human nature. Finally, noting the essentially contested character of the concept and the ambiguity and redundancy of the terminology, she wonders if we should simply eliminate the term “human nature” altogether.

Childhood and Human Nature

Childhood and Human Nature
  • Author : Sula Wolff
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-06
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781351656825
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Summary : How do we make sense of people? Human behaviour is complex, so that understanding ourselves and others calls for both objective and subjective viewpoints, as well as a flexible appreciation of human development over time. Dr Sula Wolff believes that knowledge about personality development is essential in three important domains: in the appraisal of deviant behaviour at all ages; in the development of social policy for children; and in therapeutic interventions for children and their families. In this book, originally published in 1989, Dr Wolff gives a comprehensive account of the major aspects of personality development in childhood. She reports research findings and presents developmental theories in their historical context, stressing the interplay between biological and cultural influences on development. Her account includes a wealth of illustrative case histories, with children and parents speaking for themselves; these provide fascinating reading and give substance to statistical results and theoretical propositions. Clearly and simply written, the book will be of interest to many people, and will still be of value to medical students, psychiatrists in training, students in social work and psychology, and teachers in special education.

A Treatise on Human Nature : Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning Into Moral Subjects . Vol. I [-III].

A Treatise on Human Nature : Being an Attempt to Introduce the Experimental Method of Reasoning Into Moral Subjects . Vol. I [-III].
  • Author : David Hume
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1739
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : OCLC:868128421
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Summary :

On Human Nature

On Human Nature
  • Author : Armin Grunwald,Matthias Gutmann,Eva M. Neumann-Held
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :241
  • ISBN : 9783642500237
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Summary : Modern molecular technology in the so-called life sciences (biology as weil as medicine) allows today to approach and manipulate living beings in ways and to an extent wh ich not too long aga seemed Utopian. The empirical progress promises further and even more radical developments in the future, and it is at least often claimed that this kind of research will have tremendeous etfects on and for all of humanity, for example in the areas of food production, transplantation medicine (including stem cell research and xenotransplantation), (therapeutic) genetic manipulation and (cell-line) cloning (of cell lines or tissues), and of biodiversity conservation-strategies. At least in Western, industrialized countries the development of modern sciences led to a steady increase of human health, well-being and quality of life. However, with the move to make the human body itself an object of scientific research interests, the respective scientific descriptions resulted in changes in the image that human beings have of themselves. Scientific progress has led to a startling loss of traditional human self-understanding. This development is in contrast to an under standing according to which the question what it means to be "human" is treated in the realm of philosophy. And indeed, a closer look reveals that - without denying the value of scientitic progress - science cannot replace the philosophical approach to anthropological questions.

Reflections on Human Nature

Reflections on Human Nature
  • Author : Arthur O. Lovejoy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-03
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 9781421432441
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Summary : Originally published in 1961. Arthur O. Lovejoy, beginning with his book The Great Chain of Being, helped usher in the discipline of the History of Ideas in America. In Reflections on Human Nature, Lovejoy devotes particular attention to influential figures such as Hobbes, Locke, Bishop Butler, and Mandeville, tracing developments and changes in the concept of human nature through the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He also discusses the theory of human nature held by the founders of the American Constitution, giving special attention to James Madison and the "Federalist Papers."

A Treatise on Human Nature

A Treatise on Human Nature
  • Author : David Hume
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1878
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : NYPL:33433067226096
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Summary :

The Good Book of Human Nature

The Good Book of Human Nature
  • Author : Carel van Schaik,Kai Michel,Carel Schaik
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-24
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9780465098675
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Summary : How reading the Bible as a work of cultural and scientific evolution can reveal new truths about how our species conquered the Earth

On Human Nature; Essays, Partly Posthumous, in Ethics and Policis

On Human Nature; Essays, Partly Posthumous, in Ethics and Policis
  • Author : Arthur Schopenhauer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1957
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : OCLC:1080703811
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Summary :

Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior
  • Author : John Cartwright
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 0262531704
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Summary : The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.