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One-Dimensional nanostructures

One-Dimensional nanostructures
  • Author : Zhenyu Li,Ce Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-21
  • Total pages :141
  • ISBN : 9783642364273
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Summary : One-Dimensional Nanostructures: Electrospinning Technique and Unique Nanofibers is a comprehensive book depicting the electrospinning technique and related 1D unique electrospun nanofibers. The first part of the book focuses on electrospinning technique, with chapters describing Electrospinning setup, electrospinning theories, and related working parameter. The second part of the book describes in detail specific topics on how to control the electrospun fiber properties such as how to control the fiber direction, how to control the fiber surface morphology, how to control the fiber structure, and how to construct 3D structures by electrospun fibers. The final part of the book depicts the applications of the electrospun nanofibers, with sections describing in detail specific fields such as electrospun nanofiber reinforcement, filtration, electronic devices, lithium-ion batteries, fuel cells, biomedical field, and so on. One-Dimensional Nanostructures: Electrospinning Technique and Unique Nanofibers is designed to bring state-of-the-art on electrospinning together into a single book and will be valuable resource for scientists in the electrospinning field and other scientists involved in biomedical field, mechanical field, materials, and energy field. Dr. Zhenyu Li is an associate professor at the Dept. of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, P. R. China. Currently, he also holds the position in Australian Future Fibres Research & Innovation Centre, Institute for Frontier Materials, Deakin University, Geelong, Victoria, Australia. Dr. Ce Wang is a professor at the Dept. of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun, P. R. China.

One-Dimensional Nanostructures

One-Dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Tianyou Zhai,Jiannian Yao
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-10-19
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9781118310366
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Summary : Reviews the latest research breakthroughs and applications Since the discovery of carbon nanotubes in 1991, one-dimensional nanostructures have been at the forefront of nanotechnology research, promising to provide the building blocks for a new generation of nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. With contributions from 68 leading international experts, this book reviews both the underlying principles as well as the latest discoveries and applications in the field, presenting the state of the technology. Readers will find expert coverage of all major classes of one-dimensional nanostructures, including carbon nanotubes, semiconductor nanowires, organic molecule nanostructures, polymer nanofibers, peptide nanostructures, and supramolecular nanostructures. Moreover, the book offers unique insights into the future of one-dimensional nanostructures, with expert forecasts of new research breakthroughs and applications. One-Dimensional Nanostructures collects and analyzes a wealth of key research findings and applications, with detailed coverage of: Synthesis Properties Energy applications Photonics and optoelectronics applications Sensing, plasmonics, electronics, and biosciences applications Practical case studies demonstrate how the latest applications work. Tables throughout the book summarize key information, and diagrams enable readers to grasp complex concepts and designs. References at the end of each chapter serve as a gateway to the literature in the field. With its clear explanations of the underlying principles of one-dimensional nanostructures, this book is ideal for students, researchers, and academics in chemistry, physics, materials science, and engineering. Moreover, One-Dimensional Nanostructures will help readers advance their own investigations in order to develop the next generation of applications.

One-Dimensional Nanostructures

One-Dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Zhiming M Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-20
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780387741321
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Summary : One-dimensional (1D) nanostructures, including nanowires, nanotubes and quantum wires, have been regarded as the most promising building blocks for nanoscale electronic and optoelectronic devices. This book presents exciting, state-of-the-art developments in synthesis and properties of 1D nanostructures with many kinds of morphologies and compositions as well as their considerable impact on spintronics, information storage, and the design of field-effect transistors.

Silicon Carbide One-dimensional Nanostructures

Silicon Carbide One-dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Laurence Latu-Romain,Maelig Ollivier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-03-16
  • Total pages :148
  • ISBN : 9781848217973
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Summary : Dedicated to SiC-based 1D nanostructures, this book explains the properties and different growth methods of these nanostructures. It details carburization of silicon nanowires, a growth process for obtaining original Si-SiC core-shell nanowires and SiC nanotubes of high crystalline quality, thanks to the control of the siliconout-diffusion. The potential applications of these particular nano-objects is also discussed, with regards to their eventual integration in biology, energy and electronics.

One-dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications

One-dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications
  • Author : Shangfeng Du,Christopher Koenigsmann,Shuhui Sun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-07
  • Total pages :96
  • ISBN : 9780128111130
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Summary : One-dimensional Nanostructures for PEM Fuel Cell Applications provides a review of the progress made in 1D catalysts for applications in polymer electrolyte fuel cells. It highlights the improved understanding of catalytic mechanisms on 1D nanostructures and the new approaches developed for practical applications, also including a critical perspective on current research limits. The book serves as a reference for the design and development of a new generation of catalysts to assist in the realization of successful commercial use that have the potential to decarbonize the domestic heat and transport sectors. In addition, a further commercialization of this technology requires advanced catalysts to address major obstacles faced by the commonly used Pt/C nanoparticles. The unique structure of one-dimensional nanostructures give them advantages to overcome some drawbacks of Pt/C nanoparticles as a new type of excellent catalysts for fuel cell reactions. In recent years, great efforts have been devoted in this area, and much progress has been achieved. Provides a review of 1D catalysts for applications in polymer electrolyte fuel cells Presents an ideal reference for the design and development of a new generation of catalysts to assist in the realization of successful commercial use Highlights the progress made in recent years in this emerging field

One-dimensional Nanostructures

One-dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :132
  • ISBN : OCLC:437139009
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Summary :

Nanomaterials

Nanomaterials
  • Author : Maria Benelmekki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-02
  • Total pages :93
  • ISBN : 9781643276441
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Summary : Nanomaterials and nanostructures are the original product of nanotechnology, and the key building blocks for enabling technologies. In this context, this book presents a concise overview of the synthesis and characterization methods of nanomaterials and nanostructures, while integrating facets of physics, chemistry, and engineering. The book summarizes the fundamentals and technical approaches in synthesis, and processing of nanostructures and nanomaterials, so as the reader can have a systematic and quick picture of the field. This book focuses on functional aspects of nanomaterials that have a high relevance to immediate applications, such as catalysis, energy harvesting, biosensing, and surface functionalization. There are chapters addressing nanostructured materials and composites and covering basic properties and requirements of this new class of engineered materials.

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures

1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures
  • Author : Zainovia Lockman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-07
  • Total pages :331
  • ISBN : 9781351266710
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Summary : 1-D metal oxide nanostructures, especially those with semiconducting properties, have attracted much attention in recent years due to their potential and emerging applications, specifically in environment purification and energy devices. For these applications, there have been many efforts to grow 1-D nanostructures in the form of nanotubes, nanorods, and nanowires using processes that conserve energy, are cost effective, and can be scaled up for large-scale production. 1-Dimensional Metal Oxide Nanostructures gathers under one title the most recent development of oxide nanomaterials, especially those fabricated via oxidation process in the nanoscale field. Thermal and anodic oxidation processes are reviewed with an aim to offer an in-depth understanding of mechanisms of 1-D nanostructure formation, their characteristics, and limitations. Other more common methods are also discussed, including sol-gel, hydrothermal, and other templated methods. Important applications of 1-D nanostructures are then presented, focusing on oxides like zinc oxide, titanium oxide, zirconium oxide, copper oxide, and iron oxide. A chapter on carbon nanotubes hybrid with these oxides is also included as well as one on silicon oxide nanowires formation by local anodic oxidation process. Aimed at researchers, academics, and engineers working across the fields of nanotechnology, materials science, chemistry, physics, semiconductors, and environmental and biomedical engineering, this essential reference enables readers to grasp the main concepts of nanomaterials in 1-D: formation technique, characteristics, and uses. It also encourages practical innovations in nanotechnology, especially in curbing pressing global issues related to energy, environment, and security.

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology

Two-Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology
  • Author : Raju Khan,Shaswat Barua
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-05
  • Total pages :330
  • ISBN : 9780128176511
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Summary : Two Dimensional Nanostructures for Biomedical Technology: A Bridge between Materials Science and Bioengineering helps researchers to understand the promising aspects of two dimensional nanomaterials. Sections cover the biomedical applications of such nanostructures in terms of their precursors, structures, morphology and size. Further, detailed synthetic methodologies guide the reader towards the efficient generation of two dimensional nanostructures. The book encompasses the vital aspects of two dimensional nanomaterials in context of their utility in biomedical technology, thus presenting a thorough guide for researchers in this area. Details the latest on the structure, morphology and shape-size accords of two dimensional nanomaterials Includes synthetic strategies with feasibility for sustainability Reports on two dimensional nanostructures in biomedical technology, including bio-imaging, biosensing, drug delivery and tissue engineering

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Nanostructures and Nanomaterials
  • Author : Guozhong Cao,Ying Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :581
  • ISBN : 9789814324557
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Summary : This text focuses on the synthesis, properties and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials, particularly inorganic nanomaterials. It provides coverage of the fundamentals and processing techniques with regard to synthesis, properties, characterization and applications of nanostructures and nanomaterials.

One-Dimensional Metals

One-Dimensional Metals
  • Author : Siegmar Roth,David Carroll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-03-06
  • Total pages :264
  • ISBN : 9783527605804
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Summary : Low-dimensional solids are of fundamental interest in materials science due to their anisotropic properties. Written not only for experts in the field, this book explains the important concepts behind their physics and surveys the most interesting one-dimensional systems and discusses their present and emerging applications in molecular scale electronics. The second edition of this successful book has been completely revised to include the remarkable achievements of the last ten years of research and applications. Chemists, polymer and materials scientists as well as students will find this book a very readable introduction to the solid-state physics of electronic materials.

Nanoscale Processing

Nanoscale Processing
  • Author : Sabu Thomas,Preetha Balakrishnan
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-22
  • Total pages :554
  • ISBN : 9780128205709
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Summary : Nanoscale Processing outlines recent advances in processing techniques for a range of nanomaterial types. New developments in the processing of nanostructured materials are being applied in diverse fields. This book offers in-depth information and analysis of a range of processing techniques for nanostructures, and also covers nanocharacterization aspects thoroughly. Topics covered include zero dimensional nanostructures, nanostructured biomaterials, carbon-based nanostructures, polymeric and liposomal nanostructures, and quantum dots. This book is an important resource for materials scientists and engineers looking to learn more about a variety of processing techniques for various nanomaterial classes, for use in both the industrial and biomedical sectors. Explains major nanoscale processing techniques, outlining in which situations each should be used Discuses a range of nanomaterial classes, including nanobiomaterials, polymeric nanomaterials, optical nanomaterials and magnetic nanomaterials Explores the challenges of using certain processing techniques for certain classes of nanomaterial

Gas Sensors

Gas Sensors
  • Author : G. Sberveglieri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :409
  • ISBN : 9789401127370
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Summary : There were two reasons that induced me to plan and to organize this book, the first was the lack of a text entirely devoted to the subject of gas sensors, notwithstanding some books devoted to the various kind of chemical sensors have recently been published. The second reason was the need of introducing the basic topics of gas detection mechanisms to a growing number of researchers active in research and development laboratories of industries and uni versities. The field of chemical sensors is indeed in fast and consistent growth, as it is proved by the increased number of participants to the congresses that were recently held on this subject, namely the Third Meeting on Chemical Sensors (September 24 - 26, 1990, Cleveland), Transducers' 91 (June 24 - 27, 1991, S. Francisco) and EUROSENSORS V (September 30 - October 3, 1991, Rome). Therefore, this book is mainly intended as a reference text for researchers with a MS degree in physics, chemistry and electrical engineering; it reports the last progresses in the R. & D. and in the technology of gas sensors. I choose to deal specifically with the topic of gas sensors because these devices show a very large number of applications in the domestic and industrial field and they are characterized by a great effort of research and development.

Synthesis of One Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures

Synthesis of One Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures
  • Author : Ravindra Rajarao,Badekai Ramachandra Bhat
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :252
  • ISBN : 3659219851
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Summary : Since the discovery of carbon nanotubes by Sumio Iijima, an intensive research on carbon materials has been carried out. Carbon nanotubes and carbon nanofibers have drawn much attention due to their electronic and mechanical properties. However, because of low production capacity and high production costs at present, their applications cannot be extended until large-scale production is realized. Among the many synthetic methods, chemical vapor deposition method has advantages of high yield, high selectivity and low cost over traditional physical ones such as laser ablation and arc-discharge. High yield synthesis of one dimensional carbon nanostructures is essential for applications. In this book, an economical and environmental friendly route for the scalable production of CNTs and CNFs on easy soluble support has been discussed. The use of synthesized carbon nanotubes as catalyst support for oxidation of alcohols by Schiff base complexes and also as hydrogen storage materials is discussed in detail.

The Role of the Catalyst in the Growth of One-dimensional Nanostructures

The Role of the Catalyst in the Growth of One-dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Melanie Kirkham
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:642346427
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Summary : Quasi one-dimensional (1D) nanostructures show great promise for many applications, including in solar cells, nanogenerators and chemical sensors, due to the high surface-to-volume ratio and unique properties of nanostructures. The growth of these nanostructures is commonly catalyzed by metal nanoparticles and generally attributed to the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism. The purpose of this research is to better understand the role of the catalyst nanoparticles in the growth of 1D nanostructures, in order to allow improved control of the synthesis process. To this end, nanostructures were grown with a variety of compositions, including Au- and Sn-catalyzed ZnO, Au-catalyzed FexOy and Au-catalyzed Si nanostructures. The morphology of the nanostructures was characterized with electron microscopy, and the crystallographic orientation with X-ray texture analysis. The catalyst particles were further characterized with both in-situ and post-growth X-ray diffraction. The types of bonding in the source material and catalyst play a significant role in the diffusion path of the source material to the growth front and in the catalyst particle state during growth. Dissimilar bonding types in the source material and catalyst prevent bulk diffusion of the source material through the catalyst, thereby preventing eutectic melting of the catalyst. These results bring new insight into the catalyzed growth of 1D nanostructures and assist in the informed choice of appropriate catalyst materials, which may aid the utilization of 1D nanostructures in energy-related and other applications.

Titanium Dioxide

Titanium Dioxide
  • Author : Dongfang Yang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-06-27
  • Total pages :518
  • ISBN : 9781789233261
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Summary : Titanium dioxide is currently being used in many industrial products. It provides unique photocatalytic properties for water splitting and purification, bacterial inactivation, and organics degradation. It has also been widely used as the photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells and coatings for self-cleaning surfaces, biomedical implants, and nanomedicine. This book covers various aspects of titanium dioxide nanomaterials including their unique one-dimensional, two-dimensional, mesoporous, and hierarchical nanostructures and their synthetic methods such as sol-gel, hydrothermal, anodic oxidation, and electrophoretic deposition, as well as its key applications in environmental and energy sectors. Through these 24 chapters written by experts from the international scientific community, readers will have access to a comprehensive overview of the recent research and development findings on the titanium dioxide nanomaterials.

1D Semiconducting Nanostructures for Flexible and Large-Area Electronics

1D Semiconducting Nanostructures for Flexible and Large-Area Electronics
  • Author : Dhayalan Shakthivel,Muhammad Ahmad,Mohammad R. Alenezi,Ravinder Dahiya,S. Ravi P. Silva
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-10-31
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781108624169
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Summary : Semiconducting nanostructures such as nanowires (NWs) have been used as building blocks for various types of sensors, energy storage and generation devices, electronic devices and for new manufacturing methods involving printed NWs. The response of these sensing/energy/electronic components and the new fabrication methods depends very much on the quality of NWs and for this reason it is important to understand the growth mechanism of 1D semiconducting nanostructures. This is also important to understand the compatibility of NW growth steps and tools used in the process with these unconventional substrates such as plastic that are used in flexible and large area electronics. Therefore, this Element presents at length discussion about the growth mechanisms, growth conditions and the tools used for the synthesis of NWs. Although NWs from Si, ZnO and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are included, the discussion is generic and relevant to several other types of NWs as well as heterostructures.

One-dimensional Transition Metal Oxides and Their Analogues for Batteries

One-dimensional Transition Metal Oxides and Their Analogues for Batteries
  • Author : Huan Pang,Guangxun Zhang,Xiao Xiao,Huaiguo Xue
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-27
  • Total pages :73
  • ISBN : 9789811550669
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Summary : This book highlights the use of one-dimensional transition metal oxides and their analogue nanomaterials for battery applications. The respective chapters present examples of one-dimensional nanomaterials with different architectures, as well as a wide range of applications, e.g. as electrode materials for batteries. The book also addresses various means of synthesizing one-dimensional nanomaterials, e.g. electrospinning, the Kirkendall effect, Ostwald ripening, heterogeneous contraction, liquid-phase preparation, the vapor deposition approach and template-assisted synthesis. In closing, the structural design, optimization and promotion of one-dimensional transition metal oxide electrode materials are discussed. The book chiefly focuses on emerging configurable designs, including core-shell architectures, hollow architectures and other intricate architectures. In turn, the applications covered reflect essential recent advances in many modern types of battery. Accordingly, the book offers an informative and appealing resource for a wide readership in various fields of chemical science, materials and engineering.

Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering

Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering
  • Author : Gyorgy Szekely,Andrew G. Livingston
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-18
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9780128146828
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Summary : Sustainable Nanoscale Engineering: From Materials Design to Chemical Processing presents the latest on the design of nanoscale materials and their applications in sustainable chemical production processes. The newest achievements of materials science, in particular nanomaterials, opened new opportunities for chemical engineers to design more efficient, safe, compact and environmentally benign processes. These materials include metal-organic frameworks, graphene, membranes, imprinted polymers, polymers of intrinsic microporosity, nanoparticles, and nanofilms, to name a few. Topics discussed include gas separation, CO2 sequestration, continuous processes, waste valorization, catalytic processes, bioengineering, pharmaceutical manufacturing, supercritical CO2 technology, sustainable energy, molecular imprinting, graphene, nature inspired chemical engineering, desalination, and more. Describes new, efficient and environmentally accepted processes for nanomaterials design Includes a large array of materials, such as metal-organic frameworks, graphene, imprinted polymers, and more Explores the contribution of these materials in the development of sustainable chemical processes

Quantum Transport in One-dimensional Nanostructures

Quantum Transport in One-dimensional Nanostructures
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:zc523gt0725
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Summary : One-dimensional (1D) electronic nanostructures comprise a class of systems that boast tremendous promise for both technological innovation as well as fundamental scientific discovery. To fully harness their potential, it is crucial to understand transport through 1D systems at the most fundamental, quantum level. In this thesis, we describe our investigations down three avenues of quantum transport in 1D: (1) ballistic transport in quantum wires, (2) quantum capacitance measurements of nanostructures, and (3) tunneling measurements in carbon nanotubes. First, we discuss measurements and modeling of hole transport in ballistic quantum wires fabricated by GaAs/AlGaAs cleaved-edge overgrowth, where we find strong g-factor anisotropy, which we associate with spin-orbit coupling, and evidence for the importance of charge interactions, indicated by the observation of "0.7" structure. Additionally, we present the first experimental observation of a predicted spin-orbit gap in the 1D density of states, where counter-propagating spins constituting a spin current are accompanied by a clear signal in the conductance. Next, we present the development of a highly sensitive integrated capacitance bridge for quantum capacitance measurements to be used as a novel probe of 1D systems. We demonstrate the utility of our bridge by measuring the capacitance of top-gated graphene devices, where we cleanly resolve the density of states, and also present preliminary measurements of carbon nanotube devices, where we ultimately aim to extract their mobility. Finally, we discuss a set of transport measurements in carbon nanotubes designed to probe interactions between fermions in 1D in which top gates are used to introduce tunable tunnel barriers.

Design, Synthesis and Applications of One-Dimensional Chalcogenide Hetero-Nanostructures

Design, Synthesis and Applications of One-Dimensional Chalcogenide Hetero-Nanostructures
  • Author : Tao-Tao Zhuang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-07
  • Total pages :111
  • ISBN : 9789811301889
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Summary : This thesis focuses on the design and synthesis of novel one-dimensional colloidal chalcogenide hetero-nanostructures for enhancing solar energy conversion applications. Semiconducting nanomaterials are particular attractive for energy conversion due to the quantum confinement effects dictating their unique optical and electronic properties. Steering the photo-induced charge-flow based on unique bandgap alignment in semiconductor heterojunctions is critical for photo-electric/chemical conversion. The author presents the controllable preparation strategies to synthesize 1D chalcogenide hetero-nanostructures with various fine structures, further been used as excellent template materials for preparing other novel and complex hybrid architectures through a series of chemical transformations. The heterogeneous growth mechanisms of novel hetero-nanostructures is studied for developing a facile and general method to prepare more novel heterostructures. The band gap structure simulations, detailed charge carrier behaviour and unique solar energy conversion properties of the prepared hybrid nanostructures are deeply investigated. This work would open a new door to rationally designing hybrid systems for photo-induced applications.