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Organic Flexible Electronics

Organic Flexible Electronics
  • Author : Piero Cosseddu,Mario Caironi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-07
  • Total pages :664
  • ISBN : 9780128188910
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Summary : Organic Electronics is a novel field of electronics that has gained an incredible attention over the past few decades. New materials, device architectures and applications have been continuously introduced by the academic and also industrial communities, and novel topics have raised strong interest in such communities, as molecular doping, thermoelectrics, bioelectronics and many others. Organic Flexible Electronics is mainly divided into three sections. The first part is focused on the fundamentals of organic electronics, such as charge transport models in these systems and new approaches for the design and synthesis of novel molecules. The first section addresses the main challenges that are still open in this field, including the important role of interfaces for achieving high-performing devices or the novel approaches employed for improving reliability issues. The second part discusses the most innovative devices which have been developed in recent years, such as devices for energy harvesting, flexible batteries, high frequency circuits, and flexible devices for tattoo electronics and bioelectronics. Finally the book reviews the most important applications moving from more standard flexible back panels to wearable and textile electronics and more futuristic applications like ingestible systems. Reviews the fundamental properties and methods for optimizing organic electronic materials including chemical doping and techniques to address stability issues; Discusses the most promising organic electronic devices for energy, electronics, and biomedical applications; Addresses key applications of organic electronic devices in imagers, wearable electronics, bioelectronics.

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics
  • Author : Stergios Logothetidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-15
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 9781782420439
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Summary : Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials. Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods. Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Flexible Electronics

Flexible Electronics
  • Author : William S. Wong,Alberto Salleo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-04-09
  • Total pages :462
  • ISBN : 0387743634
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Summary : This excellent volume covers a range of materials used for flexible electronics, including semiconductors, dielectrics, and metals. The functional integration of these different materials is treated as well. Fundamental issues for both organic and inorganic materials systems are included. A corresponding overview of technological applications, based on each materials system, is presented to give both the non-specialist and the researcher in the field relevant information on the status of the flexible electronics area.

Large Area and Flexible Electronics

Large Area and Flexible Electronics
  • Author : Mario Caironi,Yong-Young Noh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-13
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9783527680009
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Summary : From materials to applications, this ready reference covers the entire value chain from fundamentals via processing right up to devices, presenting different approaches to large-area electronics, thus enabling readers to compare materials, properties and performance. Divided into two parts, the first focuses on the materials used for the electronic functionality, covering organic and inorganic semiconductors, including vacuum and solution-processed metal-oxide semiconductors, nanomembranes and nanocrystals, as well as conductors and insulators. The second part reviews the devices and applications of large-area electronics, including flexible and ultra-high-resolution displays, light-emitting transistors, organic and inorganic photovoltaics, large-area imagers and sensors, non-volatile memories and radio-frequency identification tags. With its academic and industrial viewpoints, this volume provides in-depth knowledge for experienced researchers while also serving as a first-stop resource for those entering the field.

Organic and Printed Electronics

Organic and Printed Electronics
  • Author : Giovanni Nisato,Donald Lupo,Simone Ganz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-27
  • Total pages :604
  • ISBN : 9789814669757
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Summary : The field of organic and printed electronics is well established in terms of academic, scientific, and technological research but is still an emerging one in terms of mass industrial applications such as OLED displays and lighting and organic photovoltaics. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to organic and printed electronics, their fundamental aspects, core technologies, and applications, and it is the first book of its kind specifically designed to address students in their final undergraduate or beginning graduate studies, as well as engineers interested in approaching this field.

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics: Materials, Manufacturing and Applications

Handbook of Flexible Organic Electronics: Materials, Manufacturing and Applications
  • Author : Stergios Logothetidis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-12-19
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 0081014287
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Summary : Organic flexible electronics represent a highly promising technology that will provide increased functionality and the potential to meet future challenges of scalability, flexibility, low power consumption, light weight, and reduced cost. They will find new applications because they can be used with curved surfaces and incorporated in to a number of products that could not support traditional electronics. The book covers device physics, processing and manufacturing technologies, circuits and packaging, metrology and diagnostic tools, architectures, and systems engineering. Part one covers the production, properties and characterisation of flexible organic materials and part two looks at applications for flexible organic devices. Reviews the properties and production of various flexible organic materials.Describes the integration technologies of flexible organic electronics and their manufacturing methods.Looks at the application of flexible organic materials in smart integrated systems and circuits, chemical sensors, microfluidic devices, organic non-volatile memory devices, and printed batteries and other power storage devices.

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics
  • Author : Eugenio Cantatore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-09-19
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781461431602
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Summary : Organic and printed electronics can enable a revolution in the applications of electronics and this book offers readers an overview of the state-of-the-art in this rapidly evolving domain. The potentially low cost, compatibility with flexible substrates and the wealth of devices that characterize organic and printed electronics will make possible applications that go far beyond the well-known displays made with large-area silicon electronics. Since organic electronics are still in their early stage, undergoing transition from lab-scale and prototype activities to production, this book serves as a valuable snapshot of the current landscape of the different devices enabled by this technology, reviewing all applications that are developing and those can be foreseen.

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics
  • Author : Stephen R. Forrest
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-22
  • Total pages :1100
  • ISBN : 9780191053566
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Summary : This textbook provides a basic understanding of the principles of the field of organic electronics, through to their applications in organic devices. Useful for both students and practitioners, it is a teaching text as well as an invaluable resource that serves as a jumping-off point for those interested in learning, working and innovating in this rapidly growing field. Organics serve as a platform for very low cost and high performance optoelectronic and electronic devices that cover large areas, are lightweight, and can be both flexible and conformable to fit onto irregularly shaped surfaces such as foldable smart phones. Organic electronics is at the core of the global organic light emitting device (OLED) display industry. OLEDs also have potential uses as lighting sources. Other emerging organic electronic applications include organic solar cells, and organic thin film transistors useful in medical and a range of other sensing, memory and logic applications. This book is a product of both one and two semester courses that have been taught over a period of more than two decades. It is divided into two sections. Part I, Foundations, lays down the fundamental principles of the field of organic electronics. It is assumed that the reader has an elementary knowledge of quantum mechanics, and electricity and magnetism. A background knowledge of organic chemistry is not required. Part II, Applications, focuses on organic electronic devices. It begins with a discussion of organic thin film deposition and patterning, followed by chapters on organic light emitters, detectors, and thin film transistors. The last chapter describes several devices and phenomena that are not covered in the previous chapters, since they lie somewhat outside of the current mainstream of the field, but are nevertheless important.

Flexible Carbon-based Electronics

Flexible Carbon-based Electronics
  • Author : Paolo Samorí,Vincenzo Palermo,Xinliang Feng
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-04
  • Total pages :336
  • ISBN : 9783527341917
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Summary : This third volume in the Advanced Nanocarbon Materials series covers the topic of flexible electronics both from a materials and an applications perspective. Comprehensive in its scope, the monograph examines organic, inorganic and composite materials with a section devoted to carbon-based materials with a special focus on the generation and properties of 2D materials. It also presents carbon modifications and derivatives, such as carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide and diamonds. In terms of the topical applications covered these include, but are not limited to, flexible displays, organic electronics, transistors, integrated circuits, semiconductors and solar cells. These offer perspectives for today?s energy and healthcare challenges, such as electrochemical energy storage and wearable devices. Finally, a section on fundamental properties and characterization approaches of flexible electronics rounds off the book. Each contribution points out the importance of the structure-function relationship for the target-oriented fabrication of electronic devices, enabling the design of complex components.

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices

Organic Electronics Materials and Devices
  • Author : Shuichiro Ogawa
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-18
  • Total pages :245
  • ISBN : 9784431556541
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Summary : This book is an introductory text for graduate students, researchers in industries, and those who are just beginning to work on organic electronics materials, devices and their applications. The book includes mainly fundamental principles and theories for understanding organic electronics materials and devices, but also provides information about state-of-the-art technologies, applications and future prospects. These topics encompass physics for organic transistors, structure control technologies of polymer semiconductors, nanomaterials electronics, organic solar cells, organic electroluminescence, liquid semiconductors and dynamics for excitation, among others. This book will help researchers to be able to contribute to society with the technologies and science of organic electronics materials in the future.

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics

Applications of Organic and Printed Electronics
  • Author : Eugenio Cantatore
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-30
  • Total pages :180
  • ISBN : 9781461431596
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Summary : The book focuses on various "substrate independent, large throughput" technologies: techniques that are able to build electronics on cheap, low cost, flexible and temperature sensitive substrates, like PEN or other plastic foils, and using inexpensive and large throughput methods like printing. Most of these technologies, in fact, have the potential to enable the revolutionary applications that will be discussed in the book. The book therefore goes beyond "organic" technologies, i.e. technologies that use functional organic materials (namely semiconductors), to explore a broader and even more interesting area of research. The book presents a comprehensive landscape of the new applications enabled by substrate independent, high throughput electronic technologies and their business potential. It explains the link between innovation in technology and in products. It also provides the reader with a clear understanding of the technology and the research challenges in the field. The book is divided in two parts. The first is devoted to applications where the most important selling point is large area. To this domain belong roll-up, flexible and emissive displays based on organic devices (used in backplanes or as display medium), unobtrusive electronics enabling ambient intelligence applications, and the increasingly important photovoltaic applications. The second part is devoted to applications where cost reduction is the main factor. RFIDs, smart labels, organic sensors and printed sensor system belong to this domain. A chapter is devoted to each different application. Each chapter is originally developed for the book by (a group of) world-wide recognized experts in the specific field of application.

Printed Electronics

Printed Electronics
  • Author : Zheng Cui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-26
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9781118920923
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Summary : This book provides an overview of the newly emerged and highly interdisciplinary field of printed electronics • Provides an overview of the latest developments and research results in the field of printed electronics • Topics addressed include: organic printable electronic materials, inorganic printable electronic materials, printing processes and equipments for electronic manufacturing, printable transistors, printable photovoltaic devices, printable lighting and display, encapsulation and packaging of printed electronic devices, and applications of printed electronics • Discusses the principles of the above topics, with support of examples and graphic illustrations • Serves both as an advanced introductory to the topic and as an aid for professional development into the new field • Includes end of chapter references and links to further reading

Flexible and Stretchable Electronics

Flexible and Stretchable Electronics
  • Author : Run-Wei Li,Gang Liu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-12-11
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9780429602689
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Summary : With the recently well developed areas of Internet of Thing, consumer wearable gadgets and artificial intelligence, flexible and stretchable electronic devices have spurred great amount of interest from both the global scientific and industrial communities. As an emerging technology, flexible and stretchable electronics requires the scale-span fabrication of devices involving nano-features, microstructures and macroscopic large area manufacturing. The key factor behind covers the organic, inorganic and nano materials that exhibit completely different mechanical and electrical properties, as well as the accurate interfacial control between these components. Based on the fusion of chemistry, physics, biology, materials science and information technology, this review volume will try to offer a timely and comprehensive overview on the flexible and stretchable electronic materials and devices. The book will cover the working principle, materials selection, device fabrication and applications of electronic components of transistors, solar cells, memories, sensors, supercapacitors, circuits and etc.

Polymers in Organic Electronics

Polymers in Organic Electronics
  • Author : Sulaiman Khalifeh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-01
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781927885680
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Summary : Polymers in Organic Electronics: Polymer Selection for Electronic, Mechatronic, and Optoelectronic Systems provides readers with vital data, guidelines, and techniques for optimally designing organic electronic systems using novel polymers. The book classifies polymer families, types, complexes, composites, nanocomposites, compounds, and small molecules while also providing an introduction to the fundamental principles of polymers and electronics. Features information on concepts and optimized types of electronics and a classification system of electronic polymers, including piezoelectric and pyroelectric, optoelectronic, mechatronic, organic electronic complexes, and more. The book is designed to help readers select the optimized material for structuring their organic electronic system. Chapters discuss the most common properties of electronic polymers, methods of optimization, and polymeric-structured printed circuit boards. The polymeric structures of optoelectronics and photonics are covered and the book concludes with a chapter emphasizing the importance of polymeric structures for packaging of electronic devices. Provides key identifying details on a range of polymers, micro-polymers, nano-polymers, resins, hydrocarbons, and oligomers Covers the most common electrical, electronic, and optical properties of electronic polymers Describes the underlying theories on the mechanics of polymer conductivity Discusses polymeric structured printed circuit boards, including their rapid prototyping and optimizing their polymeric structures Shows optimization methods for both polymeric structures of organic active electronic components and organic passive electronic components

Flexible and Wearable Electronics for Smart Clothing

Flexible and Wearable Electronics for Smart Clothing
  • Author : Gang Wang,Chengyi Hou,Hongzhi Wang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-24
  • Total pages :360
  • ISBN : 9783527818563
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Summary : Provides the state-of-the-art on wearable technology for smart clothing The book gives a coherent overview of recent development on flexible electronics for smart clothing with emphasis on wearability and durability of the materials and devices. It offers detailed information on the basic functional components of the flexible and wearable electronics including sensing, systems-on-a-chip, interacting, and energy, as well as the integrating and connecting of electronics into textile form. It also provides insights into the compatibility and integration of functional materials, electronics, and the clothing technology. Flexible and Wearable Electronics for Smart Clothing offers comprehensive coverage of the technology in four parts. The first part discusses wearable organic nano-sensors, stimuli-responsive electronic skins, and flexible thermoelectrics and thermoelectric textiles. The next part examines textile triboelectric nanogenerators for energy harvesting, flexible and wearable solar cells and supercapacitors, and flexible and wearable lithium-ion batteries. Thermal and humid management for next-generation textiles, functionalization of fiber materials for washable smart wearable textiles, and flexible microfluidics for wearable electronics are covered in the next section. The last part introduces readers to piezoelectric materials and devices based flexible bio-integrated electronics, printed electronics for smart clothes, and the materials and processes for stretchable and wearable e-textile devices. -Presents the most recent developments in wearable technology such as wearable nanosensors, logic circuit, artificial intelligence, energy harvesting, and wireless communication -Covers the flexible and wearable electronics as essential functional components for smart clothing from sensing, systems-on-a-chip, interacting, energy to the integrating and connecting of electronics -Of high interest to a large and interdisciplinary target group, including materials scientists, textile chemists, and electronic engineers in academia and industry Flexible and Wearable Electronics for Smart Clothing will appeal to materials scientists, textile industry professionals, textile engineers, electronics engineers, and sensor developers.

Organic Electronics

Organic Electronics
  • Author : Hagen Klauk
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-12-13
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : 9783527608621
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Summary : Edited and written by the leading researchers and engineers from such companies as Philips, 3M, Xerox, Infineon, PlasticLogic, Eastman Kodak, Dupont, AIXTRON, and Hueck Folien, this book presents unrivalled and undiluted expertise from those who know best how to assess the risks, opportunities and where this technology is really heading. As such, this practical approach complements the more scientific and fundamentals-oriented literature on the market by providing readers with a first-hand insight into industrial activities to commercialize organic electronics. Following an introduction to the topic, including the history, motivation, benefits and potentials, it reviews recent advances and covers all three important facets of organic electronics: the chemical compounds and materials, manufacturing techniques, and the resulting devices together with their current applications.

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration

Organic Thin Film Transistor Integration
  • Author : Flora Li,Arokia Nathan,Yiliang Wu,Beng S. Ong
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-21
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 3527634452
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Summary : Research on organic electronics (or plastic electronics) is driven by the need to create systems that are lightweight, unbreakable, and mechanically flexible. With the remarkable improvement in the performance of organic semiconductor materials during the past few decades, organic electronics appeal to innovative, practical, and broad-impact applications requiring large-area coverage, mechanical flexibility, low-temperature processing, and low cost. Thus, organic electronics appeal to a broad range of electronic devices and products including transistors, diodes, sensors, solar cells, lighting, displays, and electronic identification and tracking devices A number of commercial opportunities have been identified for organic thin film transistors (OTFTs), ranging from flexible displays, electronic paper, radio-frequency identification (RFID) tags, smart cards, to low-cost disposable electronic products, and more are continually being invented as the technology matures. The potential applications for "plastic electronics" are huge but several technological hurdles must be overcome. In many of these applications, transistor serves as a fundamental building block to implement the necessary electronic functionality. Hence, research in organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) or organic field effect transistors (OFETs) is eminently pertinent to the development and realization of organic electronics. This book presents a comprehensive investigation of the production and application of a variety of polymer based transistor devices and circuits. It begins with a detailed overview of Organic Thin Film Transistors (OTFTs) and discusses the various possible fabrication methods reported so far. This is followed by two major sections on the choice, optimization and implementation of the gate dielectric material to be used. Details of the effects of processing on the efficiency of the contacts are then provided. The book concludes with a chapter on the integration of such devices to produce a variety of OTFT based circuits and systems. The key objective is to examine strategies to exploit existing materials and techniques to advance OTFT technology in device performance, device manufacture, and device integration. Finally, the collective knowledge from these investigations facilitates the integration of OTFTs into organic circuits, which is expected to contribute to the development of new generation of all-organic displays for communication devices and other pertinent applications. Overall, a major outcome of this work is that it provides an economical means for organic transistor and circuit integration, by enabling the use of a well-established PECVD infrastructure, while not compromising the performance of electronics. The techniques established here are not limited to use in OTFTs only; the organic semiconductor and SiNx combination can be used in other device structures (e.g., sensors, diodes, photovoltaics). Furthermore, the approach and strategy used for interface optimization can be extended to the development of other materials systems.

Analog Organic Electronics

Analog Organic Electronics
  • Author : Hagen Marien,Michiel Steyaert,Paul Heremans
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-01
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 9781461434214
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Summary : This book provides insight into organic electronics technology and in analog circuit techniques that can be used to increase the performance of both analog and digital organic circuits. It explores the domain of organic electronics technology for analog circuit applications, specifically smart sensor systems. It focuses on all the building blocks in the data path of an organic sensor system between the sensor and the digital processing block. Sensors, amplifiers, analog-to-digital converters and DC-DC converters are discussed in detail. Coverage includes circuit techniques, circuit implementation, design decisions and measurement results of the building blocks described.

Iontronics

Iontronics
  • Author : Janelle Leger,Magnus Berggren,Sue Carter
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 1439806896
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Summary : The field of organic electronics promises exciting new technologies based on inexpensive and mechanically flexible electronic devices, and is now seeing the beginning of commercial success. On the sidelines of this increasingly well-established field are several emerging technologies with innovative mechanisms and functions that utilize the mixed ionic/electronic conducting character of conjugated organic materials. Iontronics: Ionic Carriers in Organic Electronic Materials and Devices explores the potential of these materials, which can endow electronic devices with unique functionalities. Fundamental science and applications With contributions from a community of experts, the book focuses on the use of ionic functions to define the principle of operation in polymer devices. It begins by reviewing the scientific understanding and important scientific discoveries in the electrochemistry of conjugated polymers. It examines the known effects of ion incorporation, including the theory and modulation of electrochemistry in polymer films, and it explores the coupling of electronic and ionic transport in polymer films. The authors also describe applications that use this technology, including polymer electrochromic devices, artificial muscles, light-emitting electrochemical cells, and biosensors, and they discuss the fundamental technological hurdles in these areas. The changes in materials properties and device characteristics due to ionic conductivity and electrochemical doping in electrically conductive organic materials, as well as the importance of these processes in a number of different and exciting technologies, point to a large untapped potential in the development of new applications and novel device architecture. This volume captures the state of the science in this burgeoning field.

Stretchable Electronics

Stretchable Electronics
  • Author : Takao Someya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-11-05
  • Total pages :484
  • ISBN : 9783527647002
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Summary : On a daily basis, our requirements for technology become more innovative and creative and the field of electronics is helping to lead the way to more advanced appliances. This book gathers and evaluates the materials, designs, models, and technologies that enable the fabrication of fully elastic electronic devices that can tolerate high strain. Written by some of the most outstanding scientists in the field, it lays down the undisputed knowledge on how to make electronics withstand stretching. This monograph provides a review of the specific applications that directly benefit from highly compliant electronics, including transistors, photonic devices, and sensors. In addition to stretchable devices, the topic of ultraflexible electronics is treated, highlighting its upcoming significance for the industrial-scale production of electronic goods for the consumer. Divided into four parts covering: * Theory * Materials and Processes * Circuit Boards * Devices and Applications An unprecedented overview of this thriving area of research that nobody in the field - or intending to enter it - can afford to miss.

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices

Flexible and Stretchable Medical Devices
  • Author : Kuniharu Takei
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-07
  • Total pages :350
  • ISBN : 9783527804849
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Summary : The book introduces flexible and stretchable wearable electronic systems and covers in detail the technologies and materials required for healthcare and medical applications. A team of excellent authors gives an overview of currently available flexible devices and thoroughly describes their physical mechanisms that enable sensing human conditions. In dedicated chapters, crucial components needed to realize flexible and wearable devices are discussed which include transistors and sensors and deal with memory, data handling and display. Additionally, suitable power sources based on photovoltaics, thermoelectric energy and supercapacitors are reviewed. A special chapter treats implantable flexible sensors for neural recording. The book editor concludes with a perspective on this rapidly developing field which is expected to have a great impact on healthcare in the 21st century.