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Orthopaedic Bone Cements

Orthopaedic Bone Cements
  • Author : S Deb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-16
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9781845695170
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Summary : Bone cements are widely used in orthopaedic applications to anchor implants to existing bone, reconstruct bone and deliver bioactive agents to the body. With an increasing number of bone cements available, it is vital that the correct material is selected for specific clinical procedures. Orthopaedic bone cements reviews the most recent research in this field. Part one discusses the current uses of orthopaedic bone cements with chapters on such topics as hip replacements, verteboplasty and wear particles and osteolysis. Part two reviews materials and types of cement such as acrylic, polymethylmethacrylate and calcium phosphate cements. Chapters in Part three address the mechanical properties of bone cements such as fracture toughness and dynamic creep. The final section examines methods to enhance the properties of bone cements with coverage of themes such as antibiotic loaded bone cements and bioactive cements. With its eminent editor and multidisciplinary team of international contributors, Orthopaedic bone cements is an invaluable reference for materials scientists, medical researchers and all those involved in the development of bone cements for orthopaedic applications and joint replacement. Provides a review of recent research focussing on improving the mechanical and biological performance of bone cements Discusses the current applications of bone cements particularly in hip replacement, verteboplasty and wear particles Reviews types of materials and acrylic, polymethlymethacrylate and calcium phosphate as types of cements

Acrylic Bone Cement

Acrylic Bone Cement
  • Author : Subrhamanya Sarma Vangala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1978
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : OCLC:1088515939
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Summary :

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics
  • Author : Dominique G. Poitout
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-15
  • Total pages :547
  • ISBN : 9781848826649
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Summary : With the constant evolution of implant technology, and improvement in the production of allograft and bone substitutes, the armamentarium of the orthopaedic surgeon has significantly expanded. In particular, the recent involvement of nanotechnologies opens up the possibilities of new approaches in the interactive interfaces of implants. With many important developments occurring since the first edition of this well-received book, this updated resource informs orthopaedic practitioners on a wide range of biomechanical advances in one complete reference guide. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics, 2nd edition compiles the most prominent work in the discipline to offer newly-qualified orthopedic surgeons a summary of the fundamental skills that they will need to apply in their day-to-day work, while also updating the knowledge of experienced surgeons. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.

The Well-Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty

The Well-Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty
  • Author : Steffen Breusch,Henrik Malchau
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-02-08
  • Total pages :377
  • ISBN : 3540289240
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Summary : Cemented Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) remains one of the most successful procedures in Orthopaedic surgery. It has become very clear that it is the surgical expertise, in particular the quality of the cementing technique, which will affect long-term outcome and success. It is the intention of this book to provide an up-to-date comprehensive assessment of the entire field of cemented THA. Special emphasis has been given to practice-relevant aspects: well-illustrated and detailed operative steps as a practical guideline, a basic science chapter and long-term outcome data are provided. Minimally invasive surgery, modern perioperative management and patient fast tracking are covered. A number of highly respected experts have contributed to this in-depth compilation of the "state of the art" in 2005. This book is written and intended for both, trainees and established arthroplasty surgeons who are dedicated to perform a well-cemented THA.

Bone Cements

Bone Cements
  • Author : Klaus-Dieter Kühn
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9783642597626
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Summary : Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is the basic component of bone cements. To use it, a dough is prepared from the liquid and powder by mixing right before application, which is normally done by the operating team. During its working phase the dough is then inserted into the tissue where polymerization is completed. Thus, the final implant polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) is only created at the implantation site. Besides methyl methacrylate, bone cements sometimes contain other methacrylates, such as butyl methacrylate. To achieve X-ray opacity, radiopacifiers (zirconium dioxide or barium sulfate) are added to the powder. Both the liquid and powder components contain additives (initiator and activator) that launch polymerization and control the set ting when mixed together. Moreover, softener and emulsifiers are some times used. The addition of antibiotics to the powder component in order to prevent or treat infections has become especially important. Commercial bone cements differ in composition and the course of curing. Some are designed for high and others for low viscosity. The way the user handles and applies the cement always crucially influences the quality of the implant. This is why clear and comprehensive information about the cements should be available to show the user how all the relevant factors work It should also be possible together and how they depend on each other.

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique

Bone Cements and Cementing Technique
  • Author : U. Henze,G.H.I.M. Walenkamp,D.W. Murray,H.-J. Kock
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :193
  • ISBN : 9783642594786
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Summary : G. H. I. M. WALENKAMP, D. W. MURRAY Since the first use of bone cement, there has been much discussion about this important tool in arthroplasty. Many authors consider the cemented prosthesis as the gold standard when evaluating the outcome of primary prostheses. In a large number of total hip arthroplasties, as registered in the Scandi navian Hip Registers, important differences in revision risks have been docu mented between hospitals. These differences are partly due to the use of di verse cement techniques. In the analysis of data, the influence of these tech niques, as well as the different cement types, is clear. A recent disaster with a newly developed cement also illustrated that the quality of the cement must be assured, and that the introduction of a new material must be carefully prepared and followed-up. The new Palamed cement has been developed by the makers of the well known Palacos and Refobacin Palacos, which appeared to be the best ce ments in the Swedish register. An improvement was noted in slightly better handling characteristics, but the end product is the same as Palacos. As men tioned, this cement will be carefully followed-up in the near future. However, its introduction is a good reason to gather the expertise of some of the lead ing figures in the field in this book. II History of Bone Cements CHAPTER 2. 1 Industrial Development of Bone Cement Twenty-Five Years of Experience w. EGE, K. D.

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery

Acrylic Cement in Orthopaedic Surgery
  • Author : John Charnley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :131
  • ISBN : UOM:39015003246330
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Summary :

Joint Replacement Technology

Joint Replacement Technology
  • Author : P.A. Revell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-09
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9781845694807
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Summary : Joint replacement has been one of the major successes of modern medicine. Its continued success depends on effective collaboration between clinicians and researchers across many different areas in science and medicine. This important book brings together the wide range of research in this area and its implications for clinical practice. The book sets the scene with introductory chapters on joint biomechanics and tribology, materials for joint replacement and their interactions with the body, and regulatory issues. Part two reviews the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design, bone cements and cementless fixation techniques, failure mechanisms and ways of predicting the lifetime of replacement joints. The third part of the book summarises research on how prosthetic joints interact with the body, including biological causes of joint failure, sterilisation techniques and the use of drug delivery systems to enhance joint replacement. The final group of chapters reviews key issues in replacing particular joints including the hip, knee, ankle, shoulder and elbow as well as developments in intervertebral disc and tempero-mandibular joint replacement technology. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Joint replacement technology is a standard reference for the engineering and materials scientific communities, as well as surgeons seeking the best treatment for their patients. Reviews joint biomechanics and tribology Considers the use of metals and ceramics as joint replacement materials, joint design and bone cements Summarises research on prosthetic interaction with the body

Cement Based Materials

Cement Based Materials
  • Author : Hosam El-Din M. Saleh,Rehab Abdel Rahman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-10
  • Total pages :274
  • ISBN : 9781789841534
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Summary : Cement-based materials have been used by humans nearly since the dawn of civilization. The Egyptians used lime and gypsum cement to bind their aggregate materials, mud and straw, resulting in bricks that are used for building their famous Egyptian pyramids (between 3000 and 2500 BC). Hydrated cement is a cement material bonded together with water and used for building construction; it is characterized by acceptable chemical, physical, thermal, mechanical, and structural stability. It plays a main role in the creation of vessels for storage, roads to travel on, weather-resistant structure for protection, inert hard stabilizer for hazardous wastes, and so on. Due to the composition of these materials and their advantages, it has been practiced in different applications. Cement is an essential component of making concrete, the single most prevalent building material used worldwide for construction, skyscrapers, highways, tunnels, bridges, hydraulic dams, and railway ties. Besides their numerous desired properties, there are some undesirable features. To overcome these disadvantages, several studies were established to prepare, improve, and evaluate innovative cement-based materials. Despite its oldness and deep research, every year several methods and materials evolve and so do cement technology. This book intends to provide a comprehensive overview on recent advances in the evaluation of these materials.

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints

Wear of Orthopaedic Implants and Artificial Joints
  • Author : Saverio Affatato
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-04-12
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780857096128
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Summary : Although hip, knee and other orthopaedic implants are well-established prostheses, much remains to be understood about how these implants wear in use. This important book summarises the wealth of recent research in this area and its implications for implant and joint design. After an introductory overview, the book reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear. Part one discusses fundamental issues such as tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees as well as the materials and design issues they raise for hip, knee and other types of orthopaedic implant. Part two considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints. It also covers surgical and other factors influencing wear as well as ways of detecting, analysing and predicting implant wear and failure. With its distinguished editor and international team of contributors, Wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints is a standard reference for implant manufacturers, surgeons and those researching this important area. Summarises the wealth of recent research into the wear of orthopaedic implants and artificial joints and discusses the implications for implant and joint design Reviews the causes and prevention of implant wear, tissue response to wear, the anatomy and biomechanics of hips and knees and the materials and design issues they raise for orthopaedic implants Considers wear phenomena in a range of materials, including ultra-high molecular weight (UHMWPE), metal and ceramic joints

Bone Repair Biomaterials

Bone Repair Biomaterials
  • Author : J A Planell,S M Best,D Lacroix,A Merolli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-08-26
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9781845696610
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Summary : Bone repair is a fundamental part of the rapidly expanding medical care sector and has benefited from many recent technological developments. With an increasing number of technologies available, it is vital that the correct technique is selected for specific clinical procedures. This unique book will provide a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area. The first part of the book reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration. Chapters in the second part discuss the science and properties of biomaterials used for bone repair such as metals, ceramics, polymers and composites. The final section of the book discusses clinical applications and considerations with chapters on such topics as orthopaedic surgery, tissue engineering, implant retrieval and ethics of bone repair biomaterials. With its distinguished editors and team of international contributors, Bone repair biomaterials is an invaluable reference for researchers and clinicians within the biomedical industry and academia. Provides a comprehensive review of the materials science, engineering principles and recent advances in this important area Reviews the fundamentals of bone repair and regeneration addressing social, economic and clinical challenges Examines the properties of biomaterials used for bone repair with specific chapters assessing metals, ceramics, polymers and composites

Classic Papers in Orthopaedics

Classic Papers in Orthopaedics
  • Author : Paul A. Banaszkiewicz,Deiary F. Kader
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-01-10
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9781447154518
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Summary : Orthopedic experts in their field have carefully chosen what they consider to be the key papers in their respective domains. Every paper is carefully described and evaluated by its strengths, weaknesses and its contribution to the field. Papers have been chosen by number of citations, academic importance, articles that have changed our whole way of thinking or that have simply stood the test of time.

Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Biomaterials in Orthopedics
  • Author : Michael J. Yaszemski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-10-17
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 082475686X
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Summary : Written by respected experts in the field, Biomaterials in Orthopedics discusses bioabsorbable biomaterials for bone repair, nondegradable materials in orthopaedics and delivery systems. Topics in this text include biocompatibility and the biomaterial/tissue interface; self-reinforced bioabsorbable devices and guided regeneration; bone substitutes,

Nanoparticles in Polymer Systems for Biomedical Applications

Nanoparticles in Polymer Systems for Biomedical Applications
  • Author : Jince Thomas,Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Jiya Jose
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-12
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9781351047869
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Summary : The volume includes presentations of technological and research accomplishments along with novel approaches in nanomedicine and nanotechnology. It explores the different types of nanomedicinal drugs with their production and commercial significance. Other topics discussed are the use of natural and synthetic nanoparticles for the production of drugs, different types of nanoparticles systems, drug carriers, wound-healing antimicrobial activity, effects of natural materials in nanomedicine, and toxicity of nanoparticles. The valuable information presented in this volume will help to keep those in this field up to date on the key findings, observations, and fabrication of drugs related to nanomedicine and nanotechnology. With chapters written by prominent researchers from academia, industry, and government and private research laboratories across the world, the book will prove to be a rich resource.

Infection and Local Treatment in Orthopedic Surgery

Infection and Local Treatment in Orthopedic Surgery
  • Author : E. Meani,C. Romanò,L. Crosby,G. Hofmann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-27
  • Total pages :395
  • ISBN : 9783540479994
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Summary : The management of orthopedic infection is an area of growing importance in orthopedic surgery. This text provides a complete overview from basic research to clinical application and future perspectives in the treatment of orthopedic infection emphasizing the role of local therapy. Coverage details the various approaches to the treatment of orthopedic infections, making the book an important tool for the daily practice of its readers.

Titanium Alloys

Titanium Alloys
  • Author : Jan Sieniawski,Waldemar Ziaja
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-15
  • Total pages :158
  • ISBN : 9789535111108
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Summary : The book contains six chapters and covers topics dealing with biomedical applications of titanium alloys, surface treatment, relationships between microstructure and mechanical and technological properties, and the effect of radiation on the structure of the titanium alloys.

Arthroplasty

Arthroplasty
  • Author : Plamen Kinov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-20
  • Total pages :620
  • ISBN : 9789535109952
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Summary : New technologies, developments in implant design and advances in surgical technique have improved outcomes after joint replacement and decreased rate of complications. It is not a surprise that the number of arthroplasties increases steadily every year and nowadays more than one million patients undergo the procedure annually worldwide. This book is a sequel of a successful series dedicated to one of the fastest growing fields in orthopedics - arthroplasty. Aiming at dissemination of scientific research this book provides a profound overview of the recent evolution of technology and surgical techniques. New developments of implant design and current treatment strategies have been critically discussed by the contributing authors. The process of improving care for patients and standards of treatment requires straightforward access to up-to-date research and knowledge. The format of the publication allows easy and quick reference to shared ideas and concepts. We hope, that the current book will add significant contribution to the success of this endeavor.

Developments and Applications of Calcium Phosphate Bone Cements

Developments and Applications of Calcium Phosphate Bone Cements
  • Author : Changsheng Liu,Hongyan He
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-20
  • Total pages :624
  • ISBN : 9789811059759
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Summary : This book presents a state-of-the-art review of the latest advances in developing calcium- phosphate bone cements and their applications. It covers the synthesis methods, characterization approaches, material modification and novel binders, as well as the fabrication technologies of calcium-phosphate-based biomaterials in regenerative medicine and their clinical applications. It also highlights methodologies for fabricating scaffolds, biofunctional surfaces/interfaces and subsequently modulating the host response to implantable/injectable materials, and integrates a series of discussions and insights into calcium-phosphate cements and constructs in bone regenerative medicine. As such, the book not only covers the fundamentals but also opens new avenues for meeting future challenges in research and clinical applications.

Bone-Implant Interface in Orthopedic Surgery

Bone-Implant Interface in Orthopedic Surgery
  • Author : Theofilos Karachalios
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-11-19
  • Total pages :342
  • ISBN : 9781447154099
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Summary : Total joint arthroplasty is an effective surgical procedure for end-stage osteoarthritis of major joints with satisfactory long term clinical outcome. A large and growing number of arthroplasties are performed annually worldwide and a great number of orthopaedic surgeons are practicing arthroplasty surgery as their main surgical activity. The biological behavior of the bone-implant interface is crucial for the long term survival of the artificial joint. All factors which have a positive or negative effect on the interface are of great interest for those practicing arthroplasty surgery. Basic scientists and the industry are continuously searching for new implant fixation mechanisms and improved materials. There is an accumulation of a great amount of basic science data (both biological, material and mechanical) related to the incorporation or loosening of the bone-implant interface. However, basic science data does not always translate to satisfactory clinical application, and orthopaedic practitioners often wonder which piece of information is clinically useful. A further problem is that basic scientists often speak their own scientific language and may not fully appreciate common clinical practice needs. In this textbook the biological and mechanical mechanisms of implant incorporation and loosening will be presented. All new data concerning materials and methods for incorporation enhancement will be critically analyzed. Data useful for clinical application will be stressed. Orthopaedic Surgeons will find information which will improve their clinical practice and basic scientists will be helped to understand and appreciate clinical needs.

Biomedical Composites

Biomedical Composites
  • Author : Luigi Ambrosio
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-23
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781845697372
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Summary : Biocomposites are widely used in the medical industry to repair and restore bone, tooth, cartilage skin and other tissues. Biomedical composites, provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications. Part one discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites, and hard and soft tissue applications of biocomposites. Part two then reviews applications of biocomposites. Chapters discuss composites for bone repair, composite coatings for implants, composites for spinal implants, injectable composites and composites for tissue engineered scaffolds. Chapters in part three discuss the biocompatibility, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites with such topics as cellular response, testing of biocomposites and tribology of biocomposites. Finally part four reviews the future for biocomposites with chapters on nano-structured biocomposites, developing biocomposites as scaffolds and biocomposites in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. With its distinguished editor and team of international contributors, Biomedical composites is an essential reference to materials scientists and researchers in industry and academia, as well as all those concerned with this increasingly important field. Provides a thorough review of the current status, recent progress and future trends in composites for biomedical applications Discusses the fundamentals of biocomposites with chapters on natural composites, design and fabrication of biocomposites and their applications Chapters address composites for bone repair, spinal implants and various other applications and discuss biocompatability, mechanical behaviour and failure of biocomposites

Vanishing Bone

Vanishing Bone
  • Author : William H. Harris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780190687762
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Summary : When dozens of holes appeared in a patient's femur alongside his hip prosthesis, experts were baffled as such a phenomenon had never been seen before. Over the first four decades of total hip surgery, the severe bone destruction multiplied, crippling many thousands of patients. Eventually identified as "periprosthetic osteolysis," this devastating disease affected over 1 million patients and was the leading cause of failure in total hip surgery. While total hip surgery dramatically reversed severe arthritis of the hip, the same operation simultaneously created a relentless 'particle generator' in the body. Ironically, in the effort to do good, doctors were simultaneously doing major harm. Vanishing Bone: Conquering a Stealth Disease Caused by Total Hip Replacements takes readers on a detective adventure in contemporary medical science, from the identification of the cause of the disease through the complex process of affecting its cure. Dr. William H. Harris and his colleagues played an important role in solving the mystery of this disease, pointing to its molecular biology, recognizing the unusual wear of the prostheses, and ultimately developing a new material for use in the manufacture of hip implants. With more than 6 million people walking on this stable, low-wear material, the disease has been virtually eliminated among those with total hip replacements worldwide. Diseases are rarely observed, revealed, and eliminated in one lifetime. Vanishing Bone tells the captivating story of one such disease through an engaging account of scientific and medical innovation.