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Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change
  • Author : David J. Horne,Jonathan A. Holmes,Finn Viehberg,Julio Rodriguez-Lazaro
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012
  • Total pages :323
  • ISBN : 0444536361
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Summary : Paleoclimatology is the study of past climates. Scientists use imprints created during past climates, known as proxies, to interpret paleoclimate. Microbial life, such as diatoms, forams and coral. serve as useful climate proxies. Other proxies include ice cores, tree rings, and sediment cores (which include diatoms, foraminifera, microbiota, pollen, and charcoal within the sediment and the sediment itself). Past climate can be reconstructed using a combination of different types of proxy records. These records can then be integrated with observations of Earth's modern climate and placed into a computer model to infer past climates as well as predict future climates. This volume is a combination of up-to-date reviews summarising the state of the art, with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that constitutes a durable benchmark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change. In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods Presents new, cutting-edge science

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change

Ostracoda as Proxies for Quaternary Climate Change
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-31
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9780444536372
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Summary : Ostracod crustaceans, common microfossils in marine and freshwater sedimentary records, supply evidence of past climatic conditions via indicator species, transfer function and mutual climatic range approaches as well as the trace element and stable isotope geochemistry of their shells. As methods of using ostracods as Quaternary palaeoclimate proxies have developed, so too has a critical awareness of their complexities, potential and limitations. This book combines up-to-date reviews (covering previous work and summarising the state of the art) with presentations of new, cutting-edge science (data and interpretations as well as methodological developments) to form a major reference work that will constitute a durable bench-mark in the science of Ostracoda and Quaternary climate change. In-depth and focused treatment of palaeoclimate applications Provides durable benchmark and guide for all future work on ostracods Presents new, cutting-edge science

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa

Quaternary Environmental Change in Southern Africa
  • Author : Jasper Knight
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-23
  • Total pages :468
  • ISBN : 9781107055797
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Summary : Provides a benchmark study of southern African landscape evolution during the Quaternary, for researchers, professionals and policymakers.

Quaternary Climate Change over the Indian Subcontinent

Quaternary Climate Change over the Indian Subcontinent
  • Author : Neloy Khare
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-05-28
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 9781000391763
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Summary : Quaternary studies provide the essential context for evaluation of what is happening with the earth's climate today, and to clarify our vulnerability to hazardous natural processes. This book covers scientific aspects of past and present climatic changes of the quaternary period focused on the Indian subcontinent via response of modern environmental conditions on climate proxies, reconstruction of paleoclimate, paleomonsoon, glacial geology, climate variabilities using dendrochronology, cave deposits including quaternary tectonics and climate change over the Himalayan region. It consists of data generated from different landforms including lakes, caves, rivers, swamps, pits, and trenches using different proxies. Aimed at researchers, graduate students, professionals in geology, geography and environmental sciences, micropaleontology, and Quaternary climate change, this book: Studies Quaternary climate using various proxies in varied environments on the Indian sub-continent Covers pertinent historical and environmental archives to understand the current climate scenario Discusses the impact of climate change on biotic and abiotic components Includes thorough review of paleoclimate change studies Devotes significant space to glacial geology and all glacial climate proxies

Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature

Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105122080497
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Summary :

Global Change in the Holocene

Global Change in the Holocene
  • Author : John Birks,Rick Battarbee,Anson Mackay,Frank Oldfield
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-02-24
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9781444119176
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Summary : The Holocene spans the 11,500 years since the end of the last Ice Age and has been a period of major global environmental change. However the rate of change has accelerated during the last hundred years, due largely to human impacts and this has led to a growing concern for the future of our environmental resources. Global Change in the Holocene demonstrates how reconstructing the record of past environmental change can provide us with essential knowledge about how our environment works and presents the reader with an informed viewpoint from which to project realistic future scenarios. The book brings together key techniques that are widely used in Holocene research, such as radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology and sediment analysis and offers a comprehensive analysis of various archives of environmental change including instrumental and documentary records, corals, lake sediments, glaciers and ice cores. This reference will be an informative and cutting-edge resource for all researchers in the fields of climate change, environmental science, geography, palaeoecology and archaeology.

Methods in Quaternary Ecology

Methods in Quaternary Ecology
  • Author : Geological Association of Canada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :170
  • ISBN : UOM:39015059971500
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Summary :

Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse

Third Millennium BC Climate Change and Old World Collapse
  • Author : H. Nüzhet Dalfes,George Kukla,Harvey Weiss
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-06-29
  • Total pages :728
  • ISBN : 9783642606168
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Summary : Around 4000 years ago the advanced urban civilizations in Egypt, Mesopotamia and India suddenly collapsed. What happened? Did a prolonged drought cause the breakdown of social order? Recent discoveries from all over the world strongly support the suspected link of the collapse with climate. The volume presents the findings of more than 40 researchers and provides a review on the relevant information. It appears that a major shift of the precipitation pattern affected many parts of the world at approximately the same time, with disastrous effects on the nomadic populations of Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe. Can a similar climate shift with a serious adverse impact on society happen again? In a world facing global warming, there could be many lessons to be learned from the experiences of ancient societies.

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin

Second Assessment of Climate Change for the Baltic Sea Basin
  • Author : The BACC II Author Team
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-04-03
  • Total pages :501
  • ISBN : 9783319160061
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Summary : ​This book is an update of the first BACC assessment, published in 2008. It offers new and updated scientific findings in regional climate research for the Baltic Sea basin. These include climate changes since the last glaciation (approx. 12,000 years ago), changes in the recent past (the last 200 years), climate projections up until 2100 using state-of-the-art regional climate models and an assessment of climate-change impacts on terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems. There are dedicated new chapters on sea-level rise, coastal erosion and impacts on urban areas. A new set of chapters deals with possible causes of regional climate change along with the global effects of increased greenhouse gas concentrations, namely atmospheric aerosols and land-cover change. The evidence collected and presented in this book shows that the regional climate has already started to change and this is expected to continue. Projections of potential future climates show that the region will probably become considerably warmer and wetter in some parts, but dryer in others. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems have already shown adjustments to increased temperatures and are expected to undergo further changes in the near future. The BACC II Author Team consists of 141 scientists from 12 countries, covering various disciplines related to climate research and related impacts. BACC II is a project of the Baltic Earth research network and contributes to the World Climate Research Programme.

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves

Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves
  • Author : Max Engel,Jessica Pilarczyk,Simon Matthias May,Dominik Brill,Ed Garrett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-07-25
  • Total pages :848
  • ISBN : 9780128156872
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Summary : Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves provides a systematic compendium with concise chapters on the concept and history of paleotsunami research, sediment types and sediment sources, field methods, sedimentary and geomorphological characteristics, as well as dating and modeling approaches. By contrasting tsunami deposits with those of competing mechanisms in the coastal zone such as storm waves and surges, and by embedding this field of research into the wider context of tsunami science, the book is also relevant to readers interested in paleotempestology, coastal sedimentary environments, or sea-level changes, and coastal hazard management. The effectiveness of paleotsunami records in coastal hazard-mitigation strategies strongly depends on the appropriate selection of research approaches and methods that are tailored to the site-specific environment and age of the deposits. In addition to summarizing the state-of-the-art in tsunami sedimentology, Geological Records of Tsunamis and Other Extreme Waves guides researchers through establishing an appropriate research design and how to develop reliable records of prehistoric events using field-based and laboratory methods, as well as modeling techniques. Features a comprehensive overview of the state of the art in tsunami sedimentology and paleotsunami research Offers advice on the most appropriate mapping, sampling, and analytical approaches for a wide variety of coastal settings and sedimentary environments Provides methodological details for field sampling and the most important proxy analyses

Climate Change in Deserts

Climate Change in Deserts
  • Author : Martin Williams
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-11
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9781107016910
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Summary : A synthesis of the environmental and climatic history of every major desert and desert margin, for researchers and advanced students.

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales

Natural Climate Variability on Decade-to-Century Time Scales
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Climate Research Committee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-08-30
  • Total pages :644
  • ISBN : 9780309054492
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Summary : This volume reflects the current state of scientific knowledge about natural climate variability on decade-to-century time scales. It covers a wide range of relevant subjects, including the characteristics of the atmosphere and ocean environments as well as the methods used to describe and analyze them, such as proxy data and numerical models. They clearly demonstrate the range, persistence, and magnitude of climate variability as represented by many different indicators. Not only do natural climate variations have important socioeconomic effects, but they must be better understood before possible anthropogenic effects (from greenhouse gas emissions, for instance) can be evaluated. A topical essay introduces each of the disciplines represented, providing the nonscientist with a perspective on the field and linking the papers to the larger issues in climate research. In its conclusions section, the book evaluates progress in the different areas and makes recommendations for the direction and conduct of future climate research. This book, while consisting of technical papers, is also accessible to the interested layperson.

The Argentina Continental Margin

The Argentina Continental Margin
  • Author : Roberto A. Violante,Cecilia Laprida,Natalia L. García Chapori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-24
  • Total pages :117
  • ISBN : 9783319041964
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Summary : The evolution of the Argentina Continental Margin during the Quaternary and the stratigraphic and morphosedimentary configuration responded to climatic variability, oceanographic changes, glacioeustatic fluctuations and tectono-isostatic processes, which began to impact on the margin during previous geological periods. The final modeling of the margin was achieved in the late Miocene, when the interaction between the Antarctic and North Atlantic water-masses favored climatic and oceanographic changes with a profound effect on morphosedimentary features. In the Quaternary, the different regions of the margin distinctly responded to such changes. Whereas in the shelf the main modeling factors were the sea-level fluctuations of glacioeustatic origin and consequent marine-continental stratigraphic records, in the slope (particularly in the sector corresponding to the passive margin) the prevailing effect was the interaction between water-masses and the sea floor, giving origin to contouritic depositional systems accompanied of gravity processes responsible of turbiditic and mass-wasting deposits. Different relationships between contouritic and turbiditic facies respond to distinct combinations of oceanic circulation variability and the indirect effect on the sea floor of sea-level fluctuations. As a result of this complexity in the regional processes in the framework of the broad hemispheric oceanographic-climatic conditioning factors, the ACM can be considered as a complete archive for the Southern Ocean.

Practical and Applied Hydrogeology

Practical and Applied Hydrogeology
  • Author : Zekâi Şen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-08-23
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9780128005811
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Summary : Applications in Hydrogeology for Geoscientists presents the most recent scientific developments in the field that are accessible yet rigorous enough for industry professionals and academic researchers alike. A multi-contributed reference that features the knowledge and experience of the field’s experts, the book’s chapters span the full scope of hydrogeology, introducing new approaches and progress in conceptualization, simulation of groundwater flow and transport, and progressive hydro-geophysical methods. Each chapter includes examples of recent developments in hydrogeology, groundwater, and hydrology that are underscored with perspectives regarding the challenges that are facing industry professionals, researchers, and academia. Several sub-themes—including theoretical advances in conceptualization and modeling of hydro-geologic challenges—connect the chapters and weave the topics together holistically. Advances in research are aided by insights arising from observations from both field and laboratory work. Introduces new approaches and progress in hydrogeology, including conceptualization, simulated groundwater flow and transport, and cutting edge hydro-geophysical methods Features more than 100 figures, diagrams, and illustrations to highlight major themes and aid in the retention of key concepts Presents a holistic approach to advances in hydrogeology, from the most recent developments in reservoirs and hydraulics to analytic modeling of transient multi-layer flow and aquifer flow theory Integrates real life data, examples and processes, making the content practical and immediately implementable

Ostracods as Indicators for Climatic and Environmental Changes on the Tibetan Plateau

Ostracods as Indicators for Climatic and Environmental Changes on the Tibetan Plateau
  • Author : Mauro Alivernini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:1155607342
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Summary :

Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road

Socio-Environmental Dynamics along the Historical Silk Road
  • Author : Liang Emlyn Yang,Hans-Rudolf Bork,Xiuqi Fang,Steffen Mischke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-27
  • Total pages :525
  • ISBN : 9783030007287
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Summary : This open access book discusses socio-environmental interactions in the middle to late Holocene, covering specific areas along the ancient Silk Road regions. Over twenty chapters provide insight into this topic from various disciplinary angles and perspectives, ranging from archaeology, paleoclimatology, antiquity, historical geography, agriculture, carving art and literacy. The Silk Road is a modern concept for an ancient network of trade routes that for centuries facilitated and intensified processes of cultural interaction and goods exchange between West China, Central Asia, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean. Coherent patterns and synchronous events in history suggest possible links between social upheaval, resource utilization and climate or environment forces along the Silk Road and in a broader area. Post-graduates in studying will benefit from this work, as well as it will stimulate young researchers to further explore the role played by the environment in long-term socio-cultural changes.

Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans

Ecosystems of the Deep Oceans
  • Author : P.A. Tyler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-27
  • Total pages :582
  • ISBN : 008049465X
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Summary : This volume examines the deep sea ecosystem from a variety of perspectives. The initial chapters examine the deep-sea floor, the deep pelagic environment and the more specialised chemosynthetic environments of hydrothermal vents and cold seeps. These environments are examined from the perspective of the relationship of deep-sea animals to their physico-chemical environment. Later chapters examine the biogeography of the main deep oceans (Atlantic, Pacific and Indian) with particular attention to the downward flux of surface-derived organic matter and how this drives the processes within the deep-sea ecosystem. The peripheral deep seas including the polar seas and the marginal deep seas (inter alia the Mediterranean, Red, Caribbean and Okhotsk seas) are explored in the same context. The final chapters examine the processes occurring in the deep sea and include an analysis of why the deep sea has high species diversity, how the fauna respond to organic input and how species have adapted reproductive activity in the deep sea. The volume concludes with an analysis of the anthropogenic impact on the deep sea.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-22
  • Total pages :613
  • ISBN : 0080538347
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Summary : Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. Paleoclimatology, Second Edition, is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. * Contains two up-to-date chapters on dating methods * Consists of the latest coverage of ice core research, marine sediment and coral studies, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, tree rings, and historical records * Describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records * Addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction * Includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology * Extensive and up-to-date bibliography * Illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions

Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics

Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics
  • Author : Sarah E. Metcalfe,David J. Nash
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-08-24
  • Total pages :296
  • ISBN : 9781118336175
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Summary : The global climate changes that led to the expansion and contraction of high latitude ice sheets during the Quaternary period were associated with equally dramatic changes in tropical environments. These included shifts in vegetation zones, changes in the hydrology and ecology of lakes and rivers, and fluctuations in the size of mountain glaciers and sandy deserts. Until recently it was thought that such changes were triggered by fluctuations in the distribution of polar ice cover. Now there is increasing recognition that the tropics themselves have acted as drivers of global climate change over a range of timescales. The aim of Quaternary Environmental Change in the Tropics is to provide a synthesis of the changes that occurred in tropical terrestrial and marine systems during the Pleistocene and Holocene, complementing data-derived reconstructions with output from state-of-the-art climate models. It is targeted at final-year undergraduate students and research specialists, but will provide an introduction to tropical Quaternary research for a variety of other readers.

Climate Change

Climate Change
  • Author : Jonathan Cowie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-07-05
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1139465392
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Summary : In recent years climate change has become recognised as the foremost environmental problem of the twenty-first century. Not only will climate change potentially affect the multibillion dollar energy strategies of countries worldwide, but it also could seriously affect many species, including our own. A fascinating introduction to the subject, this textbook provides a broad review of past, present and likely future climate change from the viewpoints of biology, ecology and human ecology. It will be of interest to a wide range of people, from students in the life sciences who need a brief overview of the basics of climate science, to atmospheric science, geography, and environmental science students who need to understand the biological and human ecological implications of climate change. It will also be a valuable reference for those involved in environmental monitoring, conservation, policy-making and policy lobbying.

The Great American Biotic Interchange

The Great American Biotic Interchange
  • Author : Francis G. Stehli,S. David Webb
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-03-09
  • Total pages :532
  • ISBN : 9781468491814
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Summary : Two rather different elements combine to explain the origin of this volume: one scientific and one personal. The broader of the two is the scientific basis-the time for such a volume had arrived. Geology had made remarkable progress toward an understanding of the phys ical history of the Caribbean Basin for the last 100 million years or so. On the biological side, many new discoveries had elucidated the distributional history of terrestrial orga nisms in and between the two Americas. Geological and biological data had been combined to yield the timing of important events with unprecedented resolution. Clearly, when each of two broad disciplines is making notable advances and when each provides new insights for the other, the rewards of cross-disciplinary contacts increase exponentially. The present volume represents an attempt to bring together a group of geologists, paleontologists and biologists capable of exploiting this opportunity through presentation of an interdisciplinary synthesis of evidence and hypothesis concerning interamerican connections during the Cretaceous and Cenozoic. Advances in plate tectonics form the basis for a modern synthesis and, in the broadest terms, dictate the framework within which the past and present distributions of organisms must be interpreted. Any scientific dis cipline must seek tests of its conclusions from data outside of its own confines.