Download full books PDF, EPUB, Tuebl, Textbook, Mobi or read online anytime and anywhere on any device. Get free access to the library by create an account, fast download and ads free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-22
  • Total pages :613
  • ISBN : 0080538347
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. Paleoclimatology, Second Edition, is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. * Contains two up-to-date chapters on dating methods * Consists of the latest coverage of ice core research, marine sediment and coral studies, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, tree rings, and historical records * Describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records * Addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction * Includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology * Extensive and up-to-date bibliography * Illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments
  • Author : Vivien Gornitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-31
  • Total pages :1049
  • ISBN : 9781402045516
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

Dynamical Paleoclimatology

Dynamical Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Barry Saltzman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 0126173311
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Colin P. Summerhayes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-03
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 9781119591382
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Life on our planet depends upon having a climate that changes within narrow limits – not too hot for the oceans to boil away nor too cold for the planet to freeze over. Over the past billion years Earth’s average temperature has stayed close to 14-15°C, oscillating between warm greenhouse states and cold icehouse states. We live with variation, but a variation with limits. Paleoclimatology is the science of understanding and explaining those variations, those limits, and the forces that control them. Without that understanding we will not be able to foresee future change accurately as our population grows. Our impact on the planet is now equal to a geological force, such that many geologists now see us as living in a new geological era – the Anthropocene. Paleoclimatology describes Earth’s passage through the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 800 million years, including the glaciations of Snowball Earth in a world that was then free of land plants. It describes the operation of the Earth’s thermostat, which keeps the planet fit for life, and its control by interactions between greenhouse gases, land plants, chemical weathering, continental motions, volcanic activity, orbital change and solar variability. It explains how we arrived at our current understanding of the climate system, by reviewing the contributions of scientists since the mid-1700s, showing how their ideas were modified as science progressed. And it includes reflections based on the author’s involvement in palaeoclimatic research. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. It will be an invaluable course reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in geology, climatology, oceanography and the history of science.

Library of Congress Subject Headings

Library of Congress Subject Headings
  • Author : Library of Congress
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89116883331
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-28
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 9780123869951
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, Third Edition—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—provides a thorough overview of the methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction and of the historical changes in climate during the past three million years. This thoroughly updated and revised edition systematically examines each type of proxy and elucidates the major attributes and the limitations of each. Paleoclimatology, Third Edition provides necessary context for those interested in understanding climate changes at present and how current trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past. The text is richly illustrated and includes an extensive bibliography for further research. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association A comprehensive overview of the methods of paleoclimate reconstruction, and the record of past changes in climate during the last ~3 million years Addresses all the techniques used in paleoclimatic reconstruction from climate proxies With full-color throughout, and thoroughly revised chapters on dating methods, climate forcing, ice cores, marine sediments, pollen analysis, dendroclimatology, and historical records Includes new chapters on speleothems, loess, and lake sediments More than 1,000 new references and 190 new figures Essential reading for those interested in how present trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past

Past Antarctica

Past Antarctica
  • Author : Marc Oliva,Jesus Ruiz Fernandez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-04
  • Total pages :326
  • ISBN : 9780128179260
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Past Antarctica: Paleoclimatology and Climate Change presents research on the past and present of Antarctica in reference to its current condition, including considerations for effects due to climate change. Experts in the field explore key topics, including environmental changes, human colonization and present environmental trends. Addressing a wide range of fields, including the biosphere, geology and biochemistry, the book offers geographers, climatologists and other Earth scientists a vital resource that is beneficial to an understanding of Antarctica, its history and conservation efforts. Synthesizes research on the past and present of Antarctica, bringing together top Earth scientists who work in this discipline Presents the most complete reconstruction of the paleoclimate and environment of Antarctica, tying in long-term climatic changes to the current environment Offers perspectives from different branches of the Earth Sciences using a spatial-temporal lens

Principles of Paleoclimatology

Principles of Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Thomas M. Cronin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-07-27
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 0231503040
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers—understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate—the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation—and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background—including both history and methodology—to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Thomas J. Crowley,Gerald R. North
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 0195105338
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Paleoclimatology is a review of the history of the Earth's climate from the time of its formation four-and-a-half billion years ago to the present. The field, according to John Imbrie, a leading paleontologist at Brown University, is "ripe for synthesis," with broad implications in geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, and the atmospheric sciences. This book addresses several topics rarely discussed in paleoclimate summaries, including the modeling of Paleozoic climates and the environmental consequences of asteroid impacts. In addition, the book identifies areas for future research and offers a frame of reference for interpreting the likely consequences of greenhouse warming. A new chapter has been added updating the information since 1991.

Boron Proxies in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

Boron Proxies in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Bärbel Hönisch,Stephen M. Eggins,Laura L. Haynes,Katherine A. Allen,Katherine D. Holland,Katja Lorbacher
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-20
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9781119010630
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions do not only warm our planet but also acidify our oceans. It is currently unclear to which degree Earth’s climate and marine life will be impacted by these changes but information from Earth history, particularly the geochemical signals of past environmental changes stored in the fossil remains of marine organisms, can help us predict possible future changes. This book aims to be a primer for scientists who seek to apply boron proxies in marine carbonates to estimate past seawater carbonate chemistry and atmospheric pCO2. Boron proxies (δ11B and B/Ca) were introduced nearly three decades ago, with subsequent strides being made in understanding their mechanistic functioning. This text reviews current knowledge about the aqueous systematics, the inorganic and biological controls on boron isotope fractionation and incorporation into marine carbonates, as well as the analytical techniques for measurement of boron proxies. Laboratory and field calibrations of the boron proxies are summarized, and similarities between modern calibrations are explored to suggest estimates for proxy sensitivities in marine calcifiers that are now extinct. Example applications illustrate the potential for reconstructing paleo-atmospheric pCO2 from boron isotopes. Also explored are the sensitivity of paleo-ocean acidity and pCO2 reconstructions to boron isotope proxy systematics that are currently less well understood, including the elemental and boron isotopic composition of seawater through time, seawater alkalinity, temperature and salinity, and their collective impact on the uncertainty of paleo-reconstructions. The B/Ca proxy is based on the same mechanistic principles as the boron isotope proxy, but empirical calibrations suggest seawater pH is not the only controlling factor. B/Ca therefore has the potential to provide a second carbonate parameter that could be paired with δ11B to fully constrain the ocean carbonate system, but the associated uncertainties are large. This text reviews and examines what is currently known about the B/Ca proxy systematics. As more scientists embark on characterizing past ocean acidity and atmospheric pCO2, Boron in Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology provides a resource to introduce geoscientists to the opportunities and complications of boron proxies, including potential avenues to further refine them.

Paleoclimates

Paleoclimates
  • Author : Thomas M. Cronin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 9780231144940
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : "When combined with computer model simulations, paleoclimatic reconstructions are used to test hypotheses about the causes of climatic change, such as greenhouse gases, solar variability, earth's orbital variations, and hydrological, oceanic, and tectonic processes, This book is a comprehensive, state-of-the art synthesis of paleoclimate research covering all geological timescales, emphasizing topics that shed light on modern trends in the earth's climate." --Book Jacket.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : PSU:000002855981
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills

Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills
  • Author : Steven A. Murawski,Cameron H. Ainsworth,Sherryl Gilbert,David J. Hollander,Claire B. Paris,Michael Schlüter,Dana L. Wetzel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-04
  • Total pages :542
  • ISBN : 9783030129637
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : It has often been said that generals prepare for the next war by re-fighting the last. The Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil spill was unlike any previous – an underwater well blowout 1,500 meters deep. Much has been learned in the wake of DWH and these lessons should in turn be applied to both similar oil spill scenarios and those arising from “frontier” explorations by the marine oil industry. The next deep oil well blowout may be at 3,000 meters or even deeper. This volume summarizes regional (Gulf of Mexico) and global megatrends in marine oil exploration and production. Research in a number of key areas including the behavior of oil and gas under extreme pressure, impacts on biological resources of the deep sea, and the fate of oil and gas released in spills is synthesized. A number of deep oil spills are simulated with detailed computer models, and the likely effects of the spills and potential mitigation measures used to combat them are compared. Recommended changes in policies governing marine oil exploration and development are proposed, as well as additional research to close critical and emerging knowledge gaps. This volume synthesizes state-of-the-art research in deep oil spill behavior and response. It is thus relevant for government and industry oil spill responders, policy formulators and implementers, and academics and students desiring an in-depth and balanced overview of key issues and uncertainties surrounding the quest for deep oil and potential impacts on the environment.

Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport

Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modern and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport
  • Author : Margaret Leinen,Michael Sarnthein
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :909
  • ISBN : 9789400909953
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : The NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Paleoclimatology and Paleometeorology: Modem and Past Patterns of Global Atmospheric Transport" (held at Oracle, Arizona, USA from November 17-19, 1987) brought together atmospheric chemists, physicists, and meteorologists who study the origin and transport of modem-day mineral and biological aerosols with geologists and paleobotanists who study the sedimentary record of eolian and hydrologic processes along with modelers who study and conceptualize the processes influencing atmospheric transport at present and in the past. Presentations at the workshop provided a guide to our present knowledge of the entire spectrum of processes and phenomena important to the generation, transport, and deposition of eolian terrigenous material that ultimately becomes part of the geologic record and the modeling techniques that used to represent these processes. The presenta tions on the geologic record of eolian deposition documented our present understanding of the na~e and causes of climate change on time scales of the last glacial ages (tens of thousands of years) to time scales over which the arrangement of continents, mountains, and oceans has changed sub stantially (tens of millions of years). There has been a growing recognition of the importance of global climatic changes to the future well-being of humanity. In particular, the climatic response to human alterations to the earth's surface and chemical composition has led to concern over the agricultural, ecological, and societal impacts of such potential global changes.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Gilles Ramstein,Amaëlle Landais,Nathaelle Bouttes,Pierre Sepulchre,Aline Govin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021-02-24
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 3030249816
GET BOOK HERE

Summary : This two-volume book provides a comprehensive, detailed understanding of paleoclimatology beginning by describing the “proxy data” from which quantitative climate parameters are reconstructed and finally by developing a comprehensive Earth system model able to simulate past climates of the Earth. It compiles contributions from specialists in each field who each have an in-depth knowledge of their particular area of expertise. The first volume is devoted to “Finding, dating and interpreting the evidence”. It describes the different geo-chronological technical methods used in paleoclimatology. Different fields of geosciences such as: stratigraphy, magnetism, dendrochronology, sedimentology, are drawn from and proxy reconstructions from ice sheets, terrestrial (speleothems, lakes, and vegetation) and oceanic data, are used to reconstruct the ancient climates of the Earth. The second volume, entitled “Investigation into ancient climates,” focuses on building comprehensive models of past climate evolution. The chapters are based on understanding the processes driving the evolution of each component of the Earth system (atmosphere, ocean, ice). This volume provides both an analytical understanding of each component using a hierarchy of models (from conceptual to very sophisticated 3D general circulation models) and a synthetic approach incorporating all of these components to explore the evolution of the Earth as a global system. As a whole this book provides the reader with a complete view of data reconstruction and modeling of the climate of the Earth from deep time to present day with even an excursion to include impacts on future climate.

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean
  • Author : Detlef A. Warnke,Gabriel M. Filippelli,José-Abel Flores
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :3
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822030249148
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain

Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain
  • Author : Peter Johan Cornelis Nagtegaal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :95
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105033025359
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

High Resolution Paleoclimatology from the Varved Sediments of the Gulf of California

High Resolution Paleoclimatology from the Varved Sediments of the Gulf of California
  • Author : Timothy Robert Baumgartner
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :287
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822005133046
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Seismic Analysis, Paleoclimatology and Fluvial Architecture of the Bermejo Basin, Central Andes, Western Argentina

Seismic Analysis, Paleoclimatology and Fluvial Architecture of the Bermejo Basin, Central Andes, Western Argentina
  • Author : Anibal Esteban Fernández
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : CORNELL:31924074525746
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology

Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology
  • Author : John Clark,James R. Beerbower,Kenneth K. Kietzke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1967
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : UCSC:32106008631522
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :

Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea

Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea
  • Author : Randall Steven Marquard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : WISC:89097323166
GET BOOK HERE

Summary :