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Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Gilles Ramstein,Amaëlle Landais,Nathaelle Bouttes,Pierre Sepulchre,Aline Govin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-12-11
  • Total pages :478
  • ISBN : 3030249824
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Summary : This two-volume book provides a comprehensive, detailed understanding of paleoclimatology beginning by describing the “proxy data” from which quantitative climate parameters are reconstructed and finally by developing a comprehensive Earth system model able to simulate past climates of the Earth. It compiles contributions from specialists in each field who each have an in-depth knowledge of their particular area of expertise. The first volume is devoted to “Finding, dating and interpreting the evidence”. It describes the different geo-chronological technical methods used in paleoclimatology. Different fields of geosciences such as: stratigraphy, magnetism, dendrochronology, sedimentology, are drawn from and proxy reconstructions from ice sheets, terrestrial (speleothems, lakes, and vegetation) and oceanic data, are used to reconstruct the ancient climates of the Earth. The second volume, entitled “Investigation into ancient climates,” focuses on building comprehensive models of past climate evolution. The chapters are based on understanding the processes driving the evolution of each component of the Earth system (atmosphere, ocean, ice). This volume provides both an analytical understanding of each component using a hierarchy of models (from conceptual to very sophisticated 3D general circulation models) and a synthetic approach incorporating all of these components to explore the evolution of the Earth as a global system. As a whole this book provides the reader with a complete view of data reconstruction and modeling of the climate of the Earth from deep time to present day with even an excursion to include impacts on future climate.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Colin P. Summerhayes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-06-10
  • Total pages :560
  • ISBN : 1119591473
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Summary : Life on our planet depends upon having a climate that changes within narrow limits – not too hot for the oceans to boil away nor too cold for the planet to freeze over. Over the past billion years Earth’s average temperature has stayed close to 14-15°C, oscillating between warm greenhouse states and cold icehouse states. We live with variation, but a variation with limits. Paleoclimatology is the science of understanding and explaining those variations, those limits, and the forces that control them. Without that understanding we will not be able to foresee future change accurately as our population grows. Our impact on the planet is now equal to a geological force, such that many geologists now see us as living in a new geological era – the Anthropocene. Paleoclimatology describes Earth’s passage through the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 800 million years, including the glaciations of Snowball Earth in a world that was then free of land plants. It describes the operation of the Earth’s thermostat, which keeps the planet fit for life, and its control by interactions between greenhouse gases, land plants, chemical weathering, continental motions, volcanic activity, orbital change and solar variability. It explains how we arrived at our current understanding of the climate system, by reviewing the contributions of scientists since the mid-1700s, showing how their ideas were modified as science progressed. And it includes reflections based on the author’s involvement in palaeoclimatic research. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. It will be an invaluable course reference for undergraduate and postgraduate students in geology, climatology, oceanography and the history of science.

Limnology, Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes

Limnology, Climatology and Paleoclimatology of the East African Lakes
  • Author : A.Ivan Johnson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-13
  • Total pages :456
  • ISBN : 1351435310
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Summary : The large lakes of the East African Rift Valley are among the oldest on Earth, and are vital resources for the people of their basins. They are unique among the large lakes of the world in terms of their sensitivity to climatic change, rich and diverse populations of endemic species, circulation dynamics and water-column chemistry, and long, continuous records of past climatic change. A comprehensive study of the large African lakes is long overdue. The scientific justification for such an effort is noted in the previous paragraph and is illustrated in great detail in this volume. Societal need for the sustainable utilization of these lakes offers an even more compelling reason for examination of biological food webs, water quality, and past climate variability in East Africa. The lakes provide the most important source of protein for the people of the African Rift Valley, and fish populations are shifting dramatically in response to fishing pressure, introduction of exotic species, land use impact on water quality, and perhaps climatic change. Current estimates of primary productivity, the underpinning of the food resource, are extremely crude and based on only a few spot measurements.

Principles of Paleoclimatology

Principles of Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Thomas M. Cronin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-07-27
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780231503044
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Summary : Greenhouse gases, global warming, thinning ozone layers—understanding the Earth's climatic changes is one of today's most pressing international concerns. How fast has the climate changed? Where and why is it changing? What is the impact of climate change on our ecosystems, coastal regions, glaciers, forests, and lakes, and even on the evolution of our own species? This introduction to the rapidly emerging field of paleoclimatology explains the patterns and processes in the history of the Earth's climate to answer such essential questions. Using the geologic records of ocean and lake sediment, ice cores, corals, and other natural archives, Principles of Paleoclimatology describes the history of the Earth's climate—the ice age cycles, sea level changes, volcanic activity, changes in atmosphere and solar radiation—and the resulting, sometimes catastrophic, biotic responses. These paleoclimate records provide a baseline against which we can compare modern climate trends. Designed to give a fundamental background—including both history and methodology—to the discipline of paleoclimatology, this book is the first to advance our understanding of how climate change develops, how those changes are detected, and how the climate of the past can shape the climate of the future.

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments

Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments
  • Author : Vivien Gornitz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-31
  • Total pages :1049
  • ISBN : 1402045514
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Summary : One of Springer’s Major Reference Works, this book gives the reader a truly global perspective. It is the first major reference work in its field. Paleoclimate topics covered in the encyclopedia give the reader the capability to place the observations of recent global warming in the context of longer-term natural climate fluctuations. Significant elements of the encyclopedia include recent developments in paleoclimate modeling, paleo-ocean circulation, as well as the influence of geological processes and biological feedbacks on global climate change. The encyclopedia gives the reader an entry point into the literature on these and many other groundbreaking topics.

Dynamical Paleoclimatology

Dynamical Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Barry Saltzman
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :354
  • ISBN : 9780126173314
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Summary : The book discusses the ideas and creates a framework for building toward a theory of paleoclimate. Using the rich and mounting array of observational evidence of climatic changes from geology, geochemistry, and paleontology, Saltzman offers a dynamical approach to the theory of paleoclimate evolution and an expanded theory of climate. Saltzman was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology. This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution which is intended for graduate students and research workers in paleoclimatology, earth system studies, and global change research. The book includes an extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references. Written by the late Barry Saltzman who was a distinquished authority on dynamical meteorology This book provides a comprehensive framework based on dynamical system ideas for a theory of climate and paleoclimatic evolution The book includes extensive bibliography of geological and physical/dynamical references

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-12-28
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 0123869951
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Summary : Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, Third Edition—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—provides a thorough overview of the methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction and of the historical changes in climate during the past three million years. This thoroughly updated and revised edition systematically examines each type of proxy and elucidates the major attributes and the limitations of each. Paleoclimatology, Third Edition provides necessary context for those interested in understanding climate changes at present and how current trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past. The text is richly illustrated and includes an extensive bibliography for further research. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association A comprehensive overview of the methods of paleoclimate reconstruction, and the record of past changes in climate during the last ~3 million years Addresses all the techniques used in paleoclimatic reconstruction from climate proxies With full-color throughout, and thoroughly revised chapters on dating methods, climate forcing, ice cores, marine sediments, pollen analysis, dendroclimatology, and historical records Includes new chapters on speleothems, loess, and lake sediments More than 1,000 new references and 190 new figures Essential reading for those interested in how present trends in climate compare with changes that have occurred in the past

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Raymond S. Bradley
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1999-02-22
  • Total pages :613
  • ISBN : 9780080538341
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Summary : Raymond S. Bradley provides his readers with a comprehensive and up-to-date review of all of the important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction, dating and paleoclimate modeling. Two comprehensive chapters on dating methods provide the foundation for all paleoclimatic studies and are followed by up-to-date coverage of ice core research, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, radiocarbon dating, tree rings and historical records. New methods using alkenones in marine sediments and coral studies are also described. Paleoclimatology, Second Edition, is an essential textbook for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students studying climatology, paleoclimatology and paleooceanography worldwide, as well as a valuable reference for lecturers and researchers, appealing to archaeologists and scientists interested in environmental change. * Contains two up-to-date chapters on dating methods * Consists of the latest coverage of ice core research, marine sediment and coral studies, continental geological and biological records, pollen analysis, tree rings, and historical records * Describes the newest methods using alkenones in marine sediments and long continental pollen records * Addresses all important methods used in paleoclimatic reconstruction * Includes an extensive chapter on the use of models in paleoclimatology * Extensive and up-to-date bibliography * Illustrated with numerous comprehensive figure captions

Investigation of Late Quaternary Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology

Investigation of Late Quaternary Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology
  • Author : R. M. Cline,James D. Hays
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1976
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0813711452
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Laminated Lake Sediments and their Impact on Paleoclimatology

Laminated Lake Sediments and their Impact on Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Eric Petermann
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-01-18
  • Total pages :16
  • ISBN : 3640513959
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Summary : Seminar paper from the year 2008 in the subject Geography / Earth Science - Geology, Mineralogy, Soil Science, grade: 1,0, University of Canterbury (Department of Geology), course: Paleoecology and Paleolimnology, language: English, abstract: Zolitschka (1998) defined varves as laminated sediments occurring in stationary water bodies. Their striking feature is a seasonal, rhythmical build-up of thin, horizontal layers with a changing composition. Since the early 20th century, this type of sediment has been used for establishing exact geochronologies. In the course of the climate change debate, and the subsequent demand for high-resolution paleoclimatic data, they have come back into the focus of earth scientists. A crucial advantage of varved sediments is that they provide two different kinds of information on a sediment profile: an absolute chronology and high-resolution paleoclimatic information. Combining these two attributes offers an absolute dated time series of paleoclimatic proxy-data. Furthermore, additional analyses of the same profile can be dated. Varved sediments can be found in recent lakes as well as in paleolakes. However, their occurrence is limited to only a few sites as a consequence of the special circumstances necessary for their generation. Varved sediments in recent lakes are especially found in lakes, which are small and deep. These preconditions are often met by maars, where a lot of investigations are done (Brauer et al. 1999a, 1999b; Litt et al. 2001). Additionally, varved sediments are even found in ancient proglacial lakes (Moscariello et al. 2000) to give an example.

World Data Centre-A for Paleoclimatology

World Data Centre-A for Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :8
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Thomas J. Crowley,Gerald R. North
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :349
  • ISBN : 9780195105339
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Summary : Paleoclimatology is a review of the history of the Earth's climate from the time of its formation four-and-a-half billion years ago to the present. The field, according to John Imbrie, a leading paleontologist at Brown University, is "ripe for synthesis," with broad implications in geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, and the atmospheric sciences. This book addresses several topics rarely discussed in paleoclimate summaries, including the modeling of Paleozoic climates and the environmental consequences of asteroid impacts. In addition, the book identifies areas for future research and offers a frame of reference for interpreting the likely consequences of greenhouse warming. A new chapter has been added updating the information since 1991.

Paleoclimatology

Paleoclimatology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1970
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Paleoclimates

Paleoclimates
  • Author : Thomas M. Cronin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010
  • Total pages :441
  • ISBN : 0231144946
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Summary : "When combined with computer model simulations, paleoclimatic reconstructions are used to test hypotheses about the causes of climatic change, such as greenhouse gases, solar variability, earth's orbital variations, and hydrological, oceanic, and tectonic processes, This book is a comprehensive, state-of-the art synthesis of paleoclimate research covering all geological timescales, emphasizing topics that shed light on modern trends in the earth's climate." --Book Jacket.

The Holocene Paleolimnology and Paleoclimatology of Lake Edward, Uganda-Congo

The Holocene Paleolimnology and Paleoclimatology of Lake Edward, Uganda-Congo
  • Author : James Michael Russell
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :458
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology

Oligocene Sedimentation, Stratigraphy, Paleoecology and Paleoclimatology
  • Author : John Clark,James R. Beerbower,Kenneth K. Kietzke
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1967
  • Total pages :154
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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The Vegetation History and Paleoclimatology for the Late Quaternary of Isla de Los Estados, Argentina

The Vegetation History and Paleoclimatology for the Late Quaternary of Isla de Los Estados, Argentina
  • Author : Warren Harvey Johns
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1981
  • Total pages :228
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean

Paleoceanography and Paleoclimatology of the Southern Ocean
  • Author : Detlef A. Warnke,Gabriel M. Filippelli,José-Abel Flores
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :3
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea

Late Pleistocene Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography of the Northern Greenland Sea
  • Author : Randall Steven Marquard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :202
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain

Sedimentology, Paleoclimatology, and Diagenesis of Post-Hercynian Continental Deposits in the South-central Pyrenees, Spain
  • Author : Peter Johan Cornelis Nagtegaal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1969
  • Total pages :95
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Late Pliocene-early Pleistocene Paleoclimatology of the Arctic Ocean

Late Pliocene-early Pleistocene Paleoclimatology of the Arctic Ocean
  • Author : Laura Allison Chern
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1984
  • Total pages :156
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :