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Paleostress Inversion Techniques

Paleostress Inversion Techniques
  • Author : Christophe Pascal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-15
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 0128119101
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Summary : Paleostress Inversion Techniques: Methods and Applications for Tectonics is an ideal reference for both academic and industry researchers in the Earth Sciences. The book introduces the methodologies developed to reconstruct (paleo) stress tensors from geological data. The interest and potential outcomes of the methods are illustrated by practical examples and supplementary electronic material and an overview on future research directions. As paleostress inversion methods are particularly useful in tectonic analyses at regional and local scales and their outcomes are relevant when trying to predict the orientations of fracture sets and potential fluid flow paths and associated mineralizations, this book provides an ideal resource. Includes detailed explanations of methods, along with concrete applications of paleostress inversion techniques Clearly illustrates the outcomes, advantages and limitations of the techniques Serves as a practical guide for both academics and industry researchers interested in structural geology, geodynamics and tectonics

Paleostress Analysis of Fault Populations

Paleostress Analysis of Fault Populations
  • Author : Jonathan Cooper Pershing
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1990
  • Total pages :546
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D00445222W
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Summary :

Annales Tectonicae

Annales Tectonicae
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105112151167
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Summary :

Jaarverslag

Jaarverslag
  • Author : Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale. Département de géologie et de minéralogie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : MINN:31951P00835724A
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Summary :

Structural Geology

Structural Geology
  • Author : Haakon Fossen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-03
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9781316472958
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Summary : This market-leading textbook has been fully updated in response to extensive user feedback. It includes a new chapter on joints and veins, additional examples from around the world, stunning new field photos, and extended online resources with new animations and exercises. The book's practical emphasis, hugely popular in the first edition, features applications in the upper crust, including petroleum and groundwater geology, highlighting the importance of structural geology in exploration and exploitation of petroleum and water resources. Carefully designed full-colour illustrations work closely with the text to support student learning, and are supplemented with high-quality photos from around the world. Examples and parallels drawn from practical everyday situations engage students, and end-of chapter review questions help them to check their understanding. Updated e-learning modules are available online (www.cambridge.org/fossen2e) and further reinforce key topics using summaries, innovative animations to bring concepts to life, and additional examples and figures.

Geologic Fracture Mechanics

Geologic Fracture Mechanics
  • Author : Richard A. Schultz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-08-08
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9781107189997
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Summary : Introduction to geologic fracture mechanics covering geologic structural discontinuities from theoretical and field-based perspectives.

The Web of Geological Sciences

The Web of Geological Sciences
  • Author : Marion Eugene Bickford
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013
  • Total pages :611
  • ISBN : 9780813725000
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Summary : "This volume covers many of the important advances in the geological sciences from 1963 to 2013. These advances include understanding plate tectonics, exploration of the Moon and Mars, development of new computing and analytical technologies, understanding of the role of microbiology in geologic processes, and many others"--Provided by publisher.

Peri-Tethyan Platforms

Peri-Tethyan Platforms
  • Author : François Roure
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1994
  • Total pages :275
  • ISBN : 2710806797
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Summary :

Tectono-stratigraphical Evolution of the Çankiri Basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey)

Tectono-stratigraphical Evolution of the Çankiri Basin (Central Anatolia, Turkey)
  • Author : Nuretdin Kaymakci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :247
  • ISBN : 9057440474
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Summary :

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences

Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCBK:C089210490
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Summary :

Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie

Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UOM:39015072635405
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Summary :

Bulletin of the College of Science, University of the Ryukyus

Bulletin of the College of Science, University of the Ryukyus
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822009350711
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Summary :

Evaluating Fault and Cap Rock Seals

Evaluating Fault and Cap Rock Seals
  • Author : Peter Boult,John Kaldi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105114530772
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Summary : The key driver for both the Hedberg conference and this publication was the recognition that knowledge of risk in the estimation of sealing capacity and fault-seal potential is important in making judgments at the exploration, appraisal, and development stages of the petroleum business. In addition, incorporating seal risk in the overall assessment of hydrocarbons in place can affect decisions to drill prospects and the location of appraisal and development wells, as well as reserve estimation.

Fluid Flow Through Faults and Fractures in Argillaceous Formations

Fluid Flow Through Faults and Fractures in Argillaceous Formations
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :399
  • ISBN : UOM:39015042146020
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Summary :

Rapport annuel du Département de géologie et de minéralogie du Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale

Rapport annuel du Département de géologie et de minéralogie du Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale
  • Author : Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale. Département de géologie et de minéralogie
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UIUC:30112085261359
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Summary :

Abstracts of Papers

Abstracts of Papers
  • Author : Geological Association of Canada. Meeting
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105016276342
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Summary :

Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature

Abstracts of Chinese Geological Literature
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021258871
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Summary :

Current Research

Current Research
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105021254995
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Summary :

New Insights Into Structural Interpretation and Modelling

New Insights Into Structural Interpretation and Modelling
  • Author : Geological Society of London
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :333
  • ISBN : 1862391335
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Summary :

Moment Tensor Solutions

Moment Tensor Solutions
  • Author : Sebastiano D'Amico
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-12
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9783319773599
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Summary : This book first focuses on the explanation of the theory about focal mechanisms and moment tensor solutions and their role in the modern seismology. The second part of the book compiles several state-of-the-art case studies in different seismotectonic settings of the planet.The assessment of seismic hazard and the reduction of losses due to future earthquakes is probably the most important contribution of seismology to society. In this regard, the understanding of reliable determination seismic source and of its uncertainty can play a key role in contributing to geodynamic investigation, seismic hazard assessment and earthquake studies. In the last two decades, the use of waveforms recorded at local-to-regional distances has increased considerably. Waveform modeling has been used also to estimate faulting parameters of small-to-moderate sized earthquakes.

Geometry and Mechanics of Three-dimensional Faults

Geometry and Mechanics of Three-dimensional Faults
  • Author : Joern Ole Kaven
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : OCLC:747311834
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Summary : The geometry of faults and fault systems affects the source mechanics of earthquakes and the deformation associated with slip on faults. This dissertation investigates aspects of the geometry of fault surfaces, in particular those with non-planar topology. I quantify the surface geometry using the tools of differential geometry to evaluate the geometry in a spatially coherent way. The study finds that at cm-scale ([approximately equal to]2cm) fault surfaces have no clear pattern of basic shapes succession, while at larger scales (10cm-50cm) corrugations along the slip direction are predominant while small undulations parallel to the direction of sliding exist on the cm-scale. The changes in surface shape and orientation lead to changes in resolved traction on the order of a few MPa for crustal settings, which far exceed generally associated triggering stresses. The undulations significantly retard slip on heuristic faults when compared to those lacking undulations. Geometric fault surface complexity on a crustal scale faults is investigated using relocated seismicity from a catalog of events for the Joshua Tree - Landers earthquake sequence. The spatial density of seismicity is used to locate finite width fault zones and construct surfaces indicative of the centers of these fault zones. The method identifies ten separate faults that exhibit significant non-planar geometry. The mechanical effects of the geometrically complex fault surfaces are illustrated using solutions to the quasi-static boundary value problem. I investigate the resultant stresses and tractions induced by slip on the Joshua Tree fault before the rupture of the Landers earthquake. The propensity for slip on the Landers faults is increased in regions of initiation and largest slip during the subsequent event. The geometrically complex models predict greater propensity for slip along the northern faults involved in the Landers earthquake than the commonly used planar and vertical four-fault models. The stresses adjacent to the Joshua Tree fault are investigated by calculating the changes in Coulomb stresses on optimally oriented surfaces of weakness. The geometrically complex model for Joshua Tree fault predicts the aftershocks immediately following the Joshua Tree earthquake quite well, and better than the planar fault model. Stress inversions are a useful and popular tool for structural geologist and seismologist alike. Many studies employ these methods on isolated faults or on fault system with limited ranges of orientations, which can lead to erroneous results. I propose a new method that incorporates the effects of mechanical interaction of the entire fault or fault system, solves the complete mechanical boundary value problem problem rather than employing empirical relationships between slip and stress or strain (faultless inversion). The method is tested on synthetic faults with various orientations to evaluate the effects of non-planarity and I find that the lack of varying normal vector orientations can introduce significant errors even for simple idealized cases. The effect of diversity of fault orientations are tested and the results indicate that faultless inversions do not perform as well for limited ranges of orientations when compared to the proposed method. The 1999 Chi-Chi, Taiwan, earthquake is used to test the proposed method. The resulting stress orientations are in good agreement with results from faultless inversions. Furthermore, slip distribution results are in general agreement with kinematic slip inversions using co-seismic surface deformation. Stress inversion methods using fault slip data can thus be improved upon, significantly in many cases, by solving a mechanical boundary value problem that takes into account the geometry of faults or fault systems.