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Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications

Palladium Membrane Technology for Hydrogen Production, Carbon Capture and Other Applications
  • Author : A Doukelis,K Panopoulos,A Koumanakos,E Kakaras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-10-20
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 1782422412
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Summary : Thanks to their outstanding hydrogen selectivity, palladium membranes have attracted extensive R&D interest. They are a potential breakthrough technology for hydrogen production and also have promising applications in the areas of thermochemical biorefining. This book summarises key research in palladium membrane technologies, with particular focus on the scale-up challenges. After an introductory chapter, Part one reviews the fabrication of palladium membranes. Part two then focuses on palladium membrane module and reactor design. The final part of the book reviews the operation of palladium membranes for synthesis gas/hydrogen production, carbon capture and other applications. Review of manufacture and design issues for palladium membranes Discussion of the applications of palladium membrane technology, including solar steam reforming, IGCC plants, NGCC plants, CHP plants and hydrogen production Examples of the technology in operation

Membrane Engineering for the Treatment of Gases

Membrane Engineering for the Treatment of Gases
  • Author : Adele Brunetti,Enrico Drioli,Giuseppe Barbieri
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-06
  • Total pages :366
  • ISBN : 1788012194
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Summary : Elaborating on recent and future developments in the field of membrane engineering, Volume 2 is devoted to the main advances in gaseous phase membrane reactors and separators. The book covers innovative membranes and new processes, and includes new chapters on cost analysis and life cycle assessment. Together with Volume 1, these books form an innovative reference work on membrane engineering and technology in the field of gas separation and gaseous phase membrane reactors.

Advanced Ceramic and Metallic Coating and Thin Film Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Advanced Ceramic and Metallic Coating and Thin Film Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Jing Zhang,Yeon-Gil Jung
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-07-16
  • Total pages :286
  • ISBN : 3319599062
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Summary : This book explores the recent developments, perspectives on future research, and pertinent data from academia, industry, and government research laboratory to discuss fundamental mechanisms as well as processing and applications of advanced metallic and ceramic thin film and coating materials for energy and environmental applications. It is a platform to disseminate the latest research progress related to processing, characterization, and modelling. The authors address both thermal barrier and environmental coatings; magnetic and thermoelectric materials; and solar cell and solid oxide fuel cell materials. It is appropriate supplementary reading for students and primary reading for researchers in materials science and engineering.

Hydrogen Production Technologies

Hydrogen Production Technologies
  • Author : Mehmet Sankir,Nurdan Demirci Sankir
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-20
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 1119283663
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Summary : The book is organized in three parts. Part I shows how the catalytic and electrochemical principles involve hydrogen production technologies. Part II is devoted to biohydrogen production and introduces gasification and fast pyrolysis biomass, dark fermentation, microbial electrolysis and power production from algae. The last part of the book is concerned with the photo hydrogen generation technologies. Recent developments in the area of semiconductor-based nanomaterials, specifically semiconductor oxides, nitrides and metal-free semiconductors based nanomaterials for photocatalytic hydrogen production are extensively discussed in this part.

Pd-based Membranes

Pd-based Membranes
  • Author : Thijs Peters,Alessio Caravella
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-26
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 3038977020
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Summary : Palladium (Pd)-based membranes have received a great deal of attention from both academia and industry thanks to their ability to selectively separate hydrogen from gas streams. The integration of such membranes with appropriate catalysts in membrane reactors allows for hydrogen production with CO2 capture that can be applied in smaller bioenergy or combined heat and power (CHP) plants, as well as in large-scale power plants. Pd-based membranes are therefore regarded as a Key Enabling Technology (KET) to facilitate the transition towards a knowledge-based, low-carbon, and resource-efficient economy. This Special Issue of the journal Membranes on “Pd-based Membranes: Overview and Perspectives” contains nine peer-reviewed articles. Topics include manufacturing techniques, understanding of material phenomena, module and reactor design, novel applications, and demonstration efforts and industrial exploitation.

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage

Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage
  • Author : Yongseung Yun
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-08
  • Total pages :266
  • ISBN : 9535130056
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Summary : Carbon capture and storage (CCS) has been considered as a practical way in sequestering the huge anthropogenic CO2 amount with a reasonable cost until a more pragmatic solution appears. The CCS can work as a bridge before fulfilling the no-CO2 era of the future by applying to large-scale CO2 emitting facilities. But CCS appears to lose some passion by the lack of progress in technical developments and in commercial success stories other than EOR. This is the time to go back to basics, starting from finding a solution in small steps. The CCS technology desperately needs far newer ideas and breakthroughs that can overcome earlier attempts through improving, modifying, and switching the known principles. This book tries to give some insight into developing an urgently needed technical breakthrough through the recent advances in CCS research, in addition to the available small steps like soil carbon sequestration. This book provides the fundamental and practical information for researchers and graduate students who want to review the current technical status and to bring in new ideas to the conventional CCS technologies.

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations - Results from the CO2 Capture Project

Carbon Dioxide Capture for Storage in Deep Geologic Formations - Results from the CO2 Capture Project
  • Author : David C Thomas,Sally M Benson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-01-06
  • Total pages :1360
  • ISBN : 9780080457482
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Summary : Over the past decade, the prospect of climate change resulting from anthropogenic CO2 has become a matter of growing public concern. Not only is the reduction of CO2 emissions extremely important, but keeping the cost at a manageable level is a prime priority for companies and the public, alike. The CO2 capture project (CCP) came together with a common goal in mind: find a technological process to capture CO2 emissions that is relatively low-cost and able be to be expanded to industrial applications. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project outlines the research and findings of all the participating companies and associations involved in the CCP. The final results of thousands of hours of research are outlined in the book, showing a successful achievement of the CCP’s goals for lower cost CO2 capture technology and furthering the safe, reliable option of geological storage. The Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Project is a valuable reference for any scientists, industrialists, government agencies, and companies interested in a safer, more cost-efficient response to the CO2 crisis. *Succeeds in tackling the most important issues at the heart of the CO2 crisis: lower-cost and safer solutions, and making the technology available at an industrial level. *Contains technical papers and findings of all researchers involved in the CO2 capture and storage project (CCP) *Consolidates thousands of hours of research into a concise and valuable reference work, providing up-to-the minute information on CO2 capture and underground storage alternatives.

Membrane Reactor Engineering

Membrane Reactor Engineering
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Marcello De Falco,Gabriele Centi,Gaetano Iaquaniello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-09-19
  • Total pages :344
  • ISBN : 1118906802
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Summary : Uniquely focussed on the engineering aspects of membrane reactors Provides tools for analysis with specific regard to sustainability Applications include water treatment, wastewater recycling, desalination, biorefineries, agro-food production Membrane reactors can bring energy saving, reduced environmental impact and lower operating costs

Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes

Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes
  • Author : Marcello De Falco,Luigi Marrelli,Gaetano Iaquaniello
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-03-25
  • Total pages :235
  • ISBN : 9780857291516
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Summary : Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes deals with technological and economic aspects of hydrogen selective membranes application in hydrogen production chemical processes. Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes starts with an overview of membrane integration in the chemical reaction environment, formulating the thermodynamics and kinetics of membrane reactors and assessing the performance of different process architectures. Then, the state of the art of hydrogen selective membranes, membrane manufacturing processes and the mathematical modeling of membrane reactors are discussed. A review of the most useful applications from an industrial point of view is given. These applications include: natural gas steam reforming, autothermal reforming, water gas shift reaction, decomposition of hydrogen sulphide, and alkanes dehydrogenation. The final part is dedicated to the description of a pilot plant where the novel configuration was implemented at a semi-industrial scale. Plant engineers, researchers and postgraduate students will find Membrane Reactors for Hydrogen Production Processes a comprehensive guide to the state of the art of membrane reactor technology.

Journal of Energy & Environmental Research, Vol. 1, No. 1

Journal of Energy & Environmental Research, Vol. 1, No. 1
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1428917845
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Summary :

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
  • Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-12-19
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 052186643X
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Summary : IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors
  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-02-08
  • Total pages :696
  • ISBN : 0857097334
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Summary : Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 1 explores fundamental materials science, design and optimisation, beginning with a review of polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors in part one. Polymeric and nanocomposite membranes for membrane reactors, inorganic membrane reactors for hydrogen production, palladium-based composite membranes and alternatives to palladium-based membranes for hydrogen separation in membrane reactors are all discussed. Part two goes on to investigate zeolite, ceramic and carbon membranes and catalysts for membrane reactors in more depth. Finally, part three explores membrane reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation, including the use of mathematical modelling, computational fluid dynamics, artificial neural networks and non-equilibrium thermodynamics to analyse varied aspects of membrane reactor design and production enhancement. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Considers polymeric, dense metallic and composite membranes for membrane reactors Discusses cereamic and carbon for membrane reactors in detail Reactor modelling, simulation and optimisation is also discussed

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies

Renewable Hydrogen Technologies
  • Author : Luis M Gandia,Gurutze Arzamedi,Pedro M Dieguez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-03
  • Total pages :472
  • ISBN : 044456361X
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Summary : The fields covered by the hydrogen energy topic have grown rapidly, and now it has become clearly multidisciplinary. In addition to production, hydrogen purification and especially storage are key challenges that could limit the use of hydrogen fuel. In this book, the purification of hydrogen with membrane technology and its storage in "solid" form using new hydrides and carbon materials are addressed. Other novelties of this volume include the power conditioning of water electrolyzers, the integration in the electric grid of renewable hydrogen systems and the future role of microreactors and micro-process engineering in hydrogen technology as well as the potential of computational fluid dynamics to hydrogen equipment design and the assessment of safety issues. Finally, and being aware that transportation will likely constitute the first commercial application of hydrogen fuel, two chapters are devoted to the recent advances in hydrogen fuel cells and hydrogen-fueled internal combustion engines for transport vehicles. Hydrogen from water and biomass considered Holistic approach to the topic of renewable hydrogen production Power conditioning of water electrolyzers and integration of renewable hydrogen energy systems considered Subjects not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Micro process technology considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Applications of CFD considered Subject not included in previous books on hydrogen energy Fundamental aspects will not be discussed in detail consciously as they are suitably addressed in previous books Emphasis on technological advancements Chapters written by recognized experts Up-to date approach to the subjects and relevant bibliographic references

Membranes and Membrane Technologies

Membranes and Membrane Technologies
  • Author : Stanislav Kolisnychenko
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-22
  • Total pages :2002
  • ISBN : 3035734224
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Summary : The topic collection “Membranes and Membrane Technologies” consists of papers published by Trans Tech Publications Inc. from 2012 up to 2017 and it covers a wide range of engineering solutions in the field of properties research, development, and production of various types of membranes and their use in the technologies for the treatment of the drink water and wastewater, gas separation, bioindustry, etc. We hope this collection will be useful and interesting to a broad audience of researchers and engineers.

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells
  • Author : Bent Sørensen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-02-17
  • Total pages :450
  • ISBN : 9780126552812
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Summary : 1. Introduction: The current relevance of fuel cells and hydrogen; 2. Hydrogen; 3. Fuel cells; 4. Systems; 5. Implementation scenarios; 6. Social implications; 7. Conclusion: a conditional outcome; References; Index.

Membranes for Membrane Reactors

Membranes for Membrane Reactors
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Fausto Gallucci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-12-20
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9780470977576
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Summary : A membrane reactor is a device for simultaneously performing a reaction and a membrane-based separation in the same physical device. Therefore, the membrane not only plays the role of a separator, but also takes place in the reaction itself. This text covers, in detail, the preparation and characterisation of all types of membranes used in membranes reactors. Each membrane synthesis process used by membranologists is explained by well known scientists in their specific research field. The book opens with an exhaustive review and introduction to membrane reactors, introducing the recent advances in this field. The following chapters concern the preparation of both organic and inorganic, and in both cases, a deep analysis of all the techniques used to prepare membrane are presented and discussed. A brief historical introduction for each technique is also included, followed by a complete description of the technique as well as the main results presented in the international specialized literature. In order to give to the reader a summary look to the overall work, a conclusive chapter is included for collecting all the information presented in the previous chapters. Key features: Fills a gap in the market for a scientific book describing the preparation and characterization of all the kind of membranes used in membrane reactors Discusses an important topic - there is increasing emphasis on membranes in general, due to their use as energy efficient separation tools and the ‘green’ chemistry opportunities they offer Includes a review about membrane reactors, several chapters concerning the preparation organic, inorganic, dense, porous, and composite membranes and a conclusion with a comparison among the different membrane preparation techniques

Summaries of FY ... Research in the Chemical Sciences

Summaries of FY ... Research in the Chemical Sciences
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications

Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications
  • Author : Angelo Basile,Suzana Pereira Nunes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-24
  • Total pages :848
  • ISBN : 0857093797
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Summary : Membrane materials allow for the selective separation of gas and vapour and for ion transport. Materials research and development continues to drive improvements in the design, manufacture and integration of membrane technologies as critical components in both sustainable energy and clean industry applications. Membrane utilisation offers process simplification and intensification in industry, providing low-cost, and efficient and reliable operation, and contributing towards emissions reductions and energy security. Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications presents a comprehensive review of membrane utilisation and integration within energy and environmental industries. Part one introduces the topic of membrane science and engineering, from the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation to membrane characterization and economic analysis. Part two focuses on membrane utilisation for carbon dioxide (CO2) capture in coal and gas power plants, including pre- and post-combustion and oxygen transport technologies. Part three reviews membranes for the petrochemical industry, with chapters covering hydrocarbon fuel, natural gas and synthesis gas processing, as well as advanced biofuels production. Part four covers membranes for alternative energy applications and energy storage, such as membrane technology for redox and lithium batteries, fuel cells and hydrogen production. Finally, part five discusses membranes utilisation in industrial and environmental applications, including microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and forward osmosis, as well as water, wastewater and nuclear power applications. With its distinguished editors and team of expert contributors, Advanced membrane science and technology for sustainable energy and environmental applications is an essential reference for membrane and materials engineers and manufacturers, as well as researchers and academics interested in this field. Presents a comprehensive review of membrane science and technology, focusing on developments and applications in sustainable energy and clean-industry Discusses the fundamentals of membrane processes and separation and membrane characterization and economic analysis Addresses the key issues of membrane utilisation in coal and gas power plants and the petrochemical industry, the use of membranes for alternative energy applications and membrane utilisation in industrial and environmental applications

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy

Compendium of Hydrogen Energy
  • Author : Michael Ball,Angelo Basile,T. Nejat Veziroglu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-28
  • Total pages :386
  • ISBN : 1782423869
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Summary : Compendium of Hydrogen Energy Volume 4: Hydrogen Use, Safety and the Hydrogen Economy focuses on the uses of hydrogen. As many experts believe the hydrogen economy will, at some point, replace the fossil fuel economy as the primary source of the world’s energy, this book investigates the uses of this energy, from transport, to stationary and portable applications, with final sections discussing the difficulties and possibilities of the widespread adoption of the hydrogen economy. Written by both leading academics in the fields of sustainable energy and experts from the world of industry Part of a very comprehensive compendium which across four volumes looks at the entirety of the hydrogen energy economy Covers a wide array of hydrogen uses, and details safety tactics, hydrogen applications in transport, and the hydrogen economy as a whole

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies

Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies
  • Author : International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (7, 2004, Vancouver)
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9780080448831
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Summary :

Handbook of Membrane Reactors

Handbook of Membrane Reactors
  • Author : Angelo Basile
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-04
  • Total pages :968
  • ISBN : 0857097342
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Summary : Membrane reactors are increasingly replacing conventional separation, process and conversion technologies across a wide range of applications. Exploiting advanced membrane materials, they offer enhanced efficiency, are very adaptable and have great economic potential. There has therefore been increasing interest in membrane reactors from both the scientific and industrial communities, stimulating research and development. The two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors draw on this research to provide an authoritative review of this important field. Volume 2 reviews reactor types and industrial applications, beginning in part one with a discussion of selected types of membrane reactor and integration of the technology with industrial processes. Part two goes on to explore the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels. Electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors are the focus of part three, before part four considers the use of membrane reactors in environmental engineering, biotechnology and medicine. Finally, the book concludes with a discussion of the economic aspects of membrane reactors. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, the two volumes of the Handbook of membrane reactors provide an authoritative guide for membrane reactor researchers and materials scientists, chemical and biochemical manufacturers, industrial separations and process engineers, and academics in this field. Discusses integration of membrane technology with industrial processes Explores the use of membrane reactors in chemical and large-scale hydrogen production from fossil fuels Considers electrochemical devices and transport applications of membrane reactors