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Citizens in the 'Smart City'

Citizens in the 'Smart City'
  • Author : Paolo Cardullo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-23
  • Total pages :164
  • ISBN : 0429798091
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Summary : This book critically examines ‘smart city’ discourse in terms of governance initiatives, citizen participation, and policies which place emphasis on the ‘citizen’ as an active recipient and co-producer of technological solutions to urban problems. The current hype around ‘smart cities’ and digital technologies has sparked debates in the fields of citizenship, urban studies, and planning surrounding the rights and ethics of participation. It has also sparked debates around the forms of governance these technologies actively foster. This book presents new sociotechnological systems of governance that monitor citizen power, trust-building strategies, and social capital. It calls for new data economics and digital rights for a city founded on normative ideals rather than neoliberal ones. It adopts a prescriptive approach, arguing that a ‘reloaded’ smart city should foster citizenship as a new set of civil and social rights and the ‘citizen’ as a subject vested with active and meaningful forms of participation and political power. Ultimately, the book questions the utility of the ‘smart city’ project for radical municipalism, proposing a technological enough but more democratic city – an ‘intelligent city’, in fact. Offering useful contributions to ‘smart city’ initiatives for the protection of emerging digital citizenship rights and socially accrued benefits, this book will draw the interest of researchers, policymakers, and professionals in the fields of urban studies, urban planning, urban geography, computing and technology studies, urban politics, and urban economics.

E-Participation in Smart Cities: Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement

E-Participation in Smart Cities: Technologies and Models of Governance for Citizen Engagement
  • Author : Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar,Laura Alcaide Muñoz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-01
  • Total pages :216
  • ISBN : 3319894749
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Summary : This book analyzes e-participation in smart cities. In recent decades, information and communication technologies (ICT) have played a key role in the democratic political and governance process by allowing easier interaction between governments and citizens, and the increased ability of citizens to participate in the production chain of public services. E-participation plays and important role in the development of smart cities and smart communities , but it has not yet been extensively studied. This book fills that gap by combining empirical and theoretical research to analyze actual practices of citizen involvement in smart cities and build a solid framework for successful e-participation in smart cities. The book is divided into three parts. Part I discusses smart technologies and their role in improving e-participation in smart cities. Part II deals with models of e-participation in smart cities and the organization issues affecting the implementation of e-participation; these chapters analyze the efficiency of governance models in relation to the establishment of smart cities. Part III proposes incentives to motivate increased participation by governments and cititzenry within the smart cities context. Written by an international panel of experts and practitioners, this book will be a convenient source of information on e-participation in smart cities and will be valuable to academics, researchers, policy-makers, public managers, citizens, international organizations and anyone who has a stake in enhancing citizen engagement in smart cities.

Smart City Citizenship

Smart City Citizenship
  • Author : Igor Calzada
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-10-23
  • Total pages :268
  • ISBN : 0128153016
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Summary : Smart City Citizenship provides rigorous analysis for academics and policymakers on the experimental, data-driven, and participatory processes of smart cities to help integrate ICT-related social innovation into urban life. Unlike other smart city books that are often edited collections, this book focuses on the business domain, grassroots social innovation, and AI-driven algorithmic and techno-political disruptions, also examining the role of citizens and the democratic governance issues raised from an interdisciplinary perspective. As smart city research is a fast-growing topic of scientific inquiry and evolving rapidly, this book is an ideal reference for a much-needed discussion. The book drives the reader to a better conceptual and applied comprehension of smart city citizenship for democratised hyper-connected-virialised post-COVID-19 societies. In addition, it provides a whole practical roadmap to build smart city citizenship inclusive and multistakeholder interventions through intertwined chapters of the book. Users will find a book that fills the knowledge gap between the purely critical studies on smart cities and those further constructive and highly promising socially innovative interventions using case study fieldwork action research empirical evidence drawn from several cities that are advancing and innovating smart city practices from the citizenship perspective. Utilises ongoing, action research fieldwork, comparative case studies for examining current governance issues, and the role of citizens in smart cities. Provides definitions of new key citizenship concepts, along with a techno-political framework and toolkit drawn from a community-oriented perspective. Shows how to design smart city governance initiatives, projects and policies based on applied research from the social innovation perspective. Highlights citizen’s perspective and social empowerment in the AI-driven and algorithmic disruptive post-COVID-19 context in both transitional and experimental frameworks

The Right to the Smart City

The Right to the Smart City
  • Author : Paolo Cardullo,Cesare Di Feliciantonio,Rob Kitchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-07
  • Total pages :232
  • ISBN : 1787691411
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Summary : Globally, Smart Cities initiatives are pursued which reproduce the interests of capital and neoliberal government, rather than wider public good. This book explores smart urbanism and 'the right to the city', examining citizenship, social justice, commoning, civic participation, and co-creation to imagine a different kind of Smart City.

Public Sector Management in a Globalized World

Public Sector Management in a Globalized World
  • Author : René Andeßner,Dorothea Greiling,Rick Vogel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-11-23
  • Total pages :270
  • ISBN : 3658161124
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Summary : This volume reflects on the consequences of the increasingly globalized nature of our world for public sector management. Globalization has triggered rapid growth in trade, global financial transactions and cross-country ownership of economic assets. The implications of these multifaceted processes for the welfare of today’s and tomorrow’s societies are unclear. What is clear, however, is that an increasing number of problems are too complex to be tackled solely at the level of national states. As a result, the size, functions and modi operandi of the public sector in a globalized world are emerging topics in academia and practice.

The Role of Citizen Participation in Smart City Projects

The Role of Citizen Participation in Smart City Projects
  • Author : Svetlana Rodina
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary :

The Hackable City

The Hackable City
  • Author : Michiel De Lange,Martijn de Waal
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-01
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9811326940
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Summary : This open access book presents a selection of the best contributions to the Digital Cities 9 Workshop held in Limerick in 2015, combining a number of the latest academic insights into new collaborative modes of city making that are firmly rooted in empirical findings about the actual practices of citizens, designers and policy makers. It explores the affordances of new media technologies for empowering citizens in the process of city making, relating examples of bottom-up or participatory practices to reflections about the changing roles of professional practitioners in the processes, as well as issues of governance and institutional policymaking.

E-Democracy for Smart Cities

E-Democracy for Smart Cities
  • Author : T.M. Vinod Kumar
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-16
  • Total pages :551
  • ISBN : 9811040354
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Summary : This book highlights the rightful role of citizens as per the constitution of the country for participation in Governance of a smart city using electronic means such as high speed fiber optic networks, the internet, and mobile computing as well as Internet of Things that have the ability to transform the dominant role of citizens and technology in smart cities. These technologies can transform the way in which business is conducted, the interaction of interface with citizens and academic institutions, and improve interactions between business, industry, and city government.

Citizen’s Right to the Digital City

Citizen’s Right to the Digital City
  • Author : Marcus Foth,Martin Brynskov,Timo Ojala
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-29
  • Total pages :259
  • ISBN : 9812879196
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Summary : Edited by thought leaders in the fields of urban informatics and urban interaction design, this book brings together case studies and examples from around the world to discuss the role that urban interfaces, citizen action, and city making play in the quest to create and maintain not only secure and resilient, but productive, sustainable and viable urban environments. The book debates the impact of these trends on theory, policy and practice. The individual chapters are based on blind peer reviewed contributions by leading researchers working at the intersection of the social / cultural, technical / digital, and physical / spatial domains of urbanism scholarship. The book will appeal not only to researchers and students, but also to a vast number of practitioners in the private and public sector interested in accessible content that clearly and rigorously analyses the potential offered by urban interfaces, mobile technology, and location-based services in the context of engaging people with open, smart and participatory urban environments.

Smart City

Smart City
  • Author : Renata Paola Dameri,Camille Rosenthal-Sabroux
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-26
  • Total pages :238
  • ISBN : 3319061607
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Summary : This book presents a comprehensive overview of the various aspects for the development of smart cities from a European perspective. It presents both theoretical concepts as well as empirical studies and cases of smart city programs and their capacity to create value for citizens. The contributions in this book are a result of an increasing interest for this topic, supported by both national governments and international institutions. The book offers a large panorama of the most important aspects of smart cities evolution and implementation. It compares European best practices and analyzes how smart projects and programs in cities could help to improve the quality of life in the urban space and to promote cultural and economic development.

Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges

Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges
  • Author : Anna Visvizi,Miltiadis Lytras
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-18
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 0128166487
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Summary : Smart Cities: Issues and Challenges: Mapping Political, Social and Economic Risks and Threats serves as a primer on smart cities, providing readers with no prior knowledge on smart cities with an understanding of the current smart cities debates. Gathering cutting-edge research and insights from academics, practitioners and policymakers around the globe, it identifies and discusses the nascent threats and challenges contemporary urban areas face, highlighting the drivers and ways of navigating these issues in an effective manner. Uniquely providing a blend of conceptual academic analysis with empirical insights, the book produces policy recommendations that boost urban sustainability and resilience. Combines conceptual academic approaches with empirically-driven insights and best practices Offers new approaches and arguments from inter and multi-disciplinary perspectives Provides foundational knowledge and comparative insight from global case-studies that enable critical reflection and operationalization Generates policy recommendations that pave the way to debate and case-based planning

Intelligent Cities

Intelligent Cities
  • Author : Nicos Komninos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-05-13
  • Total pages :320
  • ISBN : 1135159297
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Summary : At the turn of the century some cities and regions in Europe, Japan and the USA, displayed an exceptional capacity to incubate and develop new knowledge and innovations. The favourable environment for research, technology and innovation created in these areas was not immediately obvious, yet it was of great significance for a development based on knowledge, learning, and innovation. Intelligent Cities focuses on these environments of innovation, and the major models (technopoles, innovating regions, intelligent cities) for creating an environment-supporting technology, innovation, learning, and knowledge-based development. The introduction and the first chapter deal with innovation as an environmental condition, and with the geography and typology of islands of innovation. The next three parts focus on the theoretical paradigms and the planning models of the 'industrial district', the innovating region', and the 'intelligent city', which offer three alternative ways to create an environment of innovation.

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3

Innovations in Smart Cities Applications Edition 3
  • Author : Mohamed Ben Ahmed,Anouar Abdelhakim Boudhir,Domingos Santos,Mohamed El Aroussi,İsmail Rakıp Karas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-04
  • Total pages :1266
  • ISBN : 303037629X
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Summary : This book highlights original research and recent advances in various fields related to smart cities and their applications. It gathers papers presented at the Fourth International Conference on Smart City Applications (SCA19), held on October 2–4, 2019, in Casablanca, Morocco. Bringing together contributions by prominent researchers from around the globe, the book offers an invaluable instructional and research tool for courses on computer science, electrical engineering, and urban sciences. It is also an excellent reference guide for professionals, researchers, and academics in the field of smart cities. This book covers topics including: • Smart Citizenship • Smart Education • Digital Business and Smart Governance • Smart Health Care • New Generation of Networks and Systems for Smart Cities • Smart Grids and Electrical Engineering • Smart Mobility • Smart Security • Sustainable Building • Sustainable Environment

Smarter as the New Urban Agenda

Smarter as the New Urban Agenda
  • Author : J. Ramon Gil-Garcia,Theresa A. Pardo,Taewoo Nam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-07
  • Total pages :392
  • ISBN : 331917620X
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Summary : ​This book will provide one of the first comprehensive approaches to the study of smart city governments with theories and concepts for understanding and researching 21st century city governments innovative methodologies for the analysis and evaluation of smart city initiatives. The term “smart city” is now generally used to represent efforts that in different ways describe a comprehensive vision of a city for the present and future. A smarter city infuses information into its physical infrastructure to improve conveniences, facilitate mobility, add efficiencies, conserve energy, improve the quality of air and water, identify problems and fix them quickly, recover rapidly from disasters, collect data to make better decisions, deploy resources effectively and share data to enable collaboration across entities and domains. These and other similar efforts are expected to make cities more intelligent in terms of efficiency, effectiveness, productivity, transparency, and sustainability, among other important aspects. Given this changing social, institutional and technology environment, it seems feasible and likeable to attain smarter cities and by extension, smarter governments: virtually integrated, networked, interconnected, responsive, and efficient. This book will help build the bridge between sound research and practice expertise in the area of smarter cities and will be of interest to researchers and students in the e-government, public administration, political science, communication, information science, administrative sciences and management, sociology, computer science, and information technology. As well as government officials and public managers who will find practical recommendations based on rigorous studies that will contain insights and guidance for the development, management, and evaluation of complex smart cities and smart government initiatives.​

Uneven Innovation

Uneven Innovation
  • Author : Jennifer Clark
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-25
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 0231545789
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Summary : The city of the future, we are told, is the smart city. By seamlessly integrating information and communication technologies into the provision and management of public services, such cities will enhance opportunity and bolster civic engagement. Smarter cities will bring in new revenue while saving money. They will be more of everything that a twenty-first century urban planner, citizen, and elected official wants: more efficient, more sustainable, and more inclusive. Is this true? In Uneven Innovation, Jennifer Clark considers the potential of these emerging technologies as well as their capacity to exacerbate existing inequalities and even produce new ones. She reframes the smart city concept within the trajectory of uneven development of cities and regions, as well as the long history of technocratic solutions to urban policy challenges. Clark argues that urban change driven by the technology sector is following the patterns that have previously led to imbalanced access, opportunities, and outcomes. The tech sector needs the city, yet it exploits and maintains unequal arrangements, embedding labor flexibility and precarity in the built environment. Technology development, Uneven Innovation contends, is the easy part; understanding the city and its governance, regulation, access, participation, and representation—all of which are complex and highly localized—is the real challenge. Clark’s critique leads to policy prescriptions that present a path toward an alternative future in which smart cities result in more equitable communities.

Human Smart Cities

Human Smart Cities
  • Author : Grazia Concilio,Francesca Rizzo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-07-13
  • Total pages :255
  • ISBN : 3319330241
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Summary : Within the most recent discussion on smart cities and the way this vision is affecting urban changes and dynamics, this book explores the interplay between planning and design both at the level of the design and planning domains’ theories and practices. Urban transformation is widely recognized as a complex phenomenon, rich in uncertainty. It is the unpredictable consequence of complex interplay between urban forces (both top-down or bottom-up), urban resources (spatial, social, economic and infrastructural as well as political or cognitive) and transformation opportunities (endogenous or exogenous). The recent attention to Urban Living Lab and Smart City initiatives is disclosinga promising bridge between the micro-scale environments, with the dynamics of such forces and resources, and the urban governance mechanisms. This bridge is represented by those urban collaborative environments, where processes of smart service co-design take place through dialogic interaction with and among citizens within a situated and cultural-specific frame.

Creating Smart Cities

Creating Smart Cities
  • Author : Claudio Coletta,Leighton Evans,Liam Heaphy,Rob Kitchin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-10-26
  • Total pages :242
  • ISBN : 1351182382
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Summary : In cities around the world, digital technologies are utilized to manage city services and infrastructures, to govern urban life, to solve urban issues and to drive local and regional economies. While "smart city" advocates are keen to promote the benefits of smart urbanism – increased efficiency, sustainability, resilience, competitiveness, safety and security – critics point to the negative effects, such as the production of technocratic governance, the corporatization of urban services, technological lock-ins, privacy harms and vulnerability to cyberattack. This book, through a range of international case studies, suggests social, political and practical interventions that would enable more equitable and just smart cities, reaping the benefits of smart city initiatives while minimizing some of their perils. Included are case studies from Ireland, the United States of America, Colombia, the Netherlands, Singapore, India and the United Kingdom. These chapters discuss a range of issues including political economy, citizenship, standards, testbedding, urban regeneration, ethics, surveillance, privacy and cybersecurity. This book will be of interest to urban policymakers, as well as researchers in Regional Studies and Urban Planning.

Inside Smart Cities

Inside Smart Cities
  • Author : Andrew Karvonen,Federico Cugurallo,Federico Caprotti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-21
  • Total pages :304
  • ISBN : 9780815348672
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Summary : The era of the smart city has arrived. Only a decade ago, the promise of optimising urban services through the widespread application of information and communication technologies was largely a techno-utopian fantasy. Today, smart urbanisation is occurring via urban projects, policies and visions in hundreds of cities around the globe. Inside Smart Cities provides real-world evidence on how local authorities, small and medium enterprises, corporations, utility providers and civil society groups are creating smart cities at the neighbourhood, city and regional scales. Twenty three empirically detailed case studies from the Global North and South - ranging from Cape Town, Stockholm and Abu Dhabi to Philadelphia, Hong Kong and Santiago - illustrate the multiple and diverse incarnations of smart urbanism. The contributors draw on ideas from urban studies, geography, urban planning, science and technology studies and innovation studies to go beyond the rhetoric of technological innovation and reveal the political, social and physical implications of digitalising the built environment. Collectively, the practices of smart urbanism raise fundamental questions about the sustainability, liveability and resilience of cities in the future. The findings are relevant to academics, students, practitioners and urban stakeholders who are questioning how urban innovation relates to politics and place.

Smart City Emergence

Smart City Emergence
  • Author : Leonidas Anthopoulos
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-06-15
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0128161698
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Summary : Smart City Emergence: Cases from Around the World analyzes how smart cities are currently being conceptualized and implemented, examining the theoretical underpinnings and technologies that connect theory with tangible practice achievements. Using numerous cities from different regions around the globe, the book compares how smart cities of different sizes are evolving in different countries and continents. In addition, it examines the challenges cities face as they adopt the smart city concept, separating fact from fiction, with insights from scholars, government officials and vendors currently involved in smart city implementation. Utilizes a sound and systematic research methodology Includes a review of the latest research developments Contains, in each chapter, a brief summary of the case, an illustration of the theoretical context that lies behind the case, the case study itself, and conclusions showing learned outcomes Examines smart cities in relation to climate change, sustainability, natural disasters and community resiliency

Coded-Engagement

Coded-Engagement
  • Author : Matthew Tenney
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 09876543XX
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Summary : "This dissertation explores the concepts of coded engagement as they relate to the role of citizens’ ability to participate in smart cities. Coded engagement is what we call the perspective of citizen-as-sensor in the smart city, as it meets the ubiquitous world of interconnected sensing-technologies and big data. Because of the perceived difficulties in harnessing public participation and the hyperbolic promises of smart city technologies, coded engagement stands as a developing mode of engagement between local governments and citizens. The primary method of realizing coded engagement is often through the harvesting of data from social media, cameras, or citizens themselves to fuel data-driven methods for smart cities to offer citizen-centric services. The literature review presents public participation in the context of its role as a cornerstone of democracy and follows its evolution to a technologically enabled method for engaging with citizens. The discussion highlights how public engagement practices have followed increasing interests in identifying communities of interest and using technologically-driven methods to capture wider and more representative participants. However, as Web 2.0 technologies become more increasingly involved, so does the increased concern for the nature and quality of actors and data harnessed through these mediums.A crowd-sensing system has been designed to “remove the black-box” of many proprietary algorithms designed to harvest public opinion from user-generated content. A novel methodological approach is provided that conflates multiple attributes from social media to identify communities of practice and interest within local geographic contexts. Through the use of spatially situated social networks, space-time analysis, and natural language processing, inferred links could be explored through a 3-D visualization platform in the pursuit of informed decision-making. Two case studies are also provided on the City of Toronto. The first contextualizes corporate control on a Toronto Waterfront community as vast amounts of public resources were leveraged for a failed implementation of an intelligent community where citizens could provide real-time feedback to community leaders through crowd-platforms. The second case study provides a deeper context into the City of Toronto’s pursuits to become a smart city leading the 21st century. However, the mechanisms of governance and control of corporate interests have a grip on the future role of public participation in the smart city. Namely, participation converges through the private ownership of citizen-centric services that are fueled by collecting the passive contributions of the public"--

Urban Growth and the Circular Economy

Urban Growth and the Circular Economy
  • Author : S. Syngellakis,J. Melgarejo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-29
  • Total pages :416
  • ISBN : 1784662593
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Summary : Presented at the 1st International Conference on Urban Growth and the Circular Economy that was held in Alicante, Spain the papers included in this book focus on the continuing and rapid growth of cities and their regions of influence and how that has led to the need to find new solutions which allow for promoting their sustainable development. The quest for the Sustainable City has until recently focused on the efficient use of resources with the application of technical advances giving rise to the definition of SMART Cities. The economic model emphasised however is still “linear” in the sense that the design and consumption follows the pattern of extraction of natural resources, manufacturing, product usage and waste disposal. The continuous growth of urban population has recently given rise to the emergence of a new model which responds better to the challenges of natural resource depletion as well as waste management. This model has been called the “circular economy”. The circular economy is a recent concept based on the reuse of what up to now has been considered wastes, reintroducing them into the productive cycle. The objective of the circular economy is to reduce consumption and achieve savings in terms of raw materials, water and energy, thus contributing to the preservation of resources in order to reach sustainable development. One of the most important of these resources is water which is becoming a scarce commodity in an ever expanding world whose population demands a better standard of living. Water is required for agricultural purposes as well as by industry, in addition to its use by the general population. The recycling of water is an essential component of the circular economy. There is no possibility for the success of a long term economic policy without addressing the problems of natural resources and environmental pollution, which will affect the reuse of materials and products. The current market economy based on a linear model from resource extraction, manufacturing, consumption and waste disposal, has not proved a long term suitable solution, in spite of the substantial efforts made in reducing its environmental impacts. This is largely due to the continuous population growth, in a society that demands high standards of living, thus requiring an ever increasing share of natural resources.