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Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime

Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-09-12
  • Total pages :590
  • ISBN : 9780080550602
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Summary : This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2006 at the Les Houches Summer School on “Particle Physics and Cosmology: the Fabric of Spacetime . It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of both particle physics beyond the Standard Model and Cosmology of the Early Universe, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to topics at the interface of particle physics and cosmology · Addresses each topic from the basis to the most recent developments · Provides necessary tools to build new theoretical models addressing various issues both in cosmology and particle physics · Covers the lectures by internationally-renowned and leading experts · Faces the predictions of theoretical models against collider experimental data as well as from cosmological observations

Particle physics and cosmology : the fabric of spacetime : lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006

Particle physics and cosmology : the fabric of spacetime : lecture notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2006
  • Author : Francis Bernardeau,J. Dalibard
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007
  • Total pages :558
  • ISBN : OCLC:1034963885
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Summary :

The Fabric of the Cosmos

The Fabric of the Cosmos
  • Author : Brian Greene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-12-18
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 9780307428530
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Summary : From Brian Greene, one of the world’s leading physicists and author of the Pulitzer Prize finalist The Elegant Universe, comes a grand tour of the universe that makes us look at reality in a completely different way. Space and time form the very fabric of the cosmos. Yet they remain among the most mysterious of concepts. Is space an entity? Why does time have a direction? Could the universe exist without space and time? Can we travel to the past? Greene has set himself a daunting task: to explain non-intuitive, mathematical concepts like String Theory, the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle, and Inflationary Cosmology with analogies drawn from common experience. From Newton’s unchanging realm in which space and time are absolute, to Einstein’s fluid conception of spacetime, to quantum mechanics’ entangled arena where vastly distant objects can instantaneously coordinate their behavior, Greene takes us all, regardless of our scientific backgrounds, on an irresistible and revelatory journey to the new layers of reality that modern physics has discovered lying just beneath the surface of our everyday world.

Effective Field Theories in Particle Physics and Cosmology

Effective Field Theories in Particle Physics and Cosmology
  • Author : Sacha Davidson,Paolo Gambino,Mikko Laine,Christophe Salomon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-03-09
  • Total pages :816
  • ISBN : 9780198855743
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Summary : The topic of the CVIII session of the Ecole de Physique des Houches, held in July 2017, was Effective Field Theory in Particle Physics and Cosmology. Effective Field Theory (EFT) is a general method for describing quantum systems with multiple length scales in a tractable fashion. It allows to perform precise calculations in established models (such as the Standard Models of particle physics and cosmology), as well as to concisely parametrise possible effects from physics beyond the Standard Models. The goal of this school was to offer a broad introduction to the foundations and modern applications of Effective Field Theory in many of its incarnations. This is all the more important as there are preciously few textbooks covering the subject, none of them in a complete way. In this book, the lecturers present the concepts in a pedagogical way so that readers can adapt some of the latest developments to their own problems. The chapters cover almost all the lectures given at the school and will serve as an introduction to the topic and as a reference manual to students and researchers.

Integrability

Integrability
  • Author : Patrick Dorey,Gregory Korschemsky,Nikita Nekrasov,Didina Serban,Volker Schomerus,Leticia Cugliandolo
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-19
  • Total pages :576
  • ISBN : 9780198828150
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Summary : This volume, 106 of the Les Houches Summer School series, brings together applications of integrability to supersymmetric gauge and string theory. The book focuses on the application of integrability and problems in quantum field theory. Particular emphasis is given to the exact solution of planar N=4 super-Yang-Mills theory and its relation with string theory on the one hand, and the exact determination of the low-energy physics of N=2 super-Yang-Mills theories on the other; links with other domains are also explored. The purpose of the Les Houches Summer School was to bring together young researchers and specialists from statistical physics, condensed matter physics, gauge and string theory, and mathematics, to stimulate discussion across these different research areas.

The Elegant Universe

The Elegant Universe
  • Author : Brian Greene
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2000
  • Total pages :448
  • ISBN : 9780375708114
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Summary : Introduces the superstring theory that attempts to unite general relativity and quantum mechanics

Principles Of Space-time-matter: Cosmology, Particles And Waves In Five Dimensions

Principles Of Space-time-matter: Cosmology, Particles And Waves In Five Dimensions
  • Author : Paul S Wesson,James M Overduin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-12-13
  • Total pages :276
  • ISBN : 9789813235793
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Summary : 'For those interested, the book is a good and well-written overview of the work of Wesson and his collaborators. For those with a general interest in extensions of standard physics, accessibility is strongly dependent on the reader’s technical background, though the good structure of the book and copious references (including many to work by more-mainstream physicists on related topics) make that possible for those willing to invest some time.'The Observatory MagazineThis book is a summing up of the prospects for unification between relativity and particle physics based on the extension of Einstein's theory of General Relativity to five dimensions. This subject was first established by Paul Wesson in his previous best-seller, Space-Time-Matter, and discussed from a different perspective in Five-Dimensional Physics, both published by World Scientific in 1999 and 2006 respectively. This third book brings the field up to date and details many new developments and connections to particle theory and wave mechanics in particular. It was in largely finished form at the time of Paul Wesson's untimely death in 2015, and has been completed and expanded by his former student and longtime collaborator, James Overduin.

Cosmology and Particle Physics

Cosmology and Particle Physics
  • Author : Lizhi Fang,A. Zee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1988
  • Total pages :446
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105030508233
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Summary : Covers the whole frontier of particle-cosmology from early universe and inflationary cosmology to phase transition and cosmic string. Other areas explored include dark matter, neutrino and axion problems, baryonsynthesis, formation of large-scale structure, and distribution and evolution of clusters and galaxies. For postgraduates and researchers. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Cosmology and Particle Physics

Cosmology and Particle Physics
  • Author : E. Alvarez
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :283
  • ISBN : UOM:39015024933601
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Summary :

Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos

Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Committee on the Physics of the Universe
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003-03-12
  • Total pages :222
  • ISBN : 030917113X
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Summary : Advances made by physicists in understanding matter, space, and time and by astronomers in understanding the universe as a whole have closely intertwined the question being asked about the universe at its two extremesâ€"the very large and the very small. This report identifies 11 key questions that have a good chance to be answered in the next decade. It urges that a new research strategy be created that brings to bear the techniques of both astronomy and sub-atomic physics in a cross-disciplinary way to address these questions. The report presents seven recommendations to facilitate the necessary research and development coordination. These recommendations identify key priorities for future scientific projects critical for realizing these scientific opportunities.

Cosmology for the Curious

Cosmology for the Curious
  • Author : Delia Perlov,Alex Vilenkin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-08-07
  • Total pages :372
  • ISBN : 9783319570402
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Summary : This book is an introductory text for all those wishing to learn about modern views of the cosmos. Our universe originated in a great explosion – the big bang. For nearly a century cosmologists have studied the aftermath of this explosion: how the universe expanded and cooled down, and how galaxies were gradually assembled by gravity. The nature of the bang itself has come into focus only relatively recently. It is the subject of the theory of cosmic inflation, which was developed in the last few decades and has led to a radically new global view of the universe. Students and other interested readers will find here a non-technical but conceptually rigorous account of modern cosmological ideas - describing what we know, and how we know it. One of the book's central themes is the scientific quest to find answers to the ultimate cosmic questions: Is the universe finite or infinite? Has it existed forever? If not, when and how did it come into being? Will it ever end? The book is based on the undergraduate course taught by Alex Vilenkin at Tufts University. It assumes no prior knowledge of physics or mathematics beyond elementary high school math. The necessary physics background is introduced as it is required. Each chapter includes a list of questions and exercises of varying degree of difficulty.

Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface

Particle Physics and Cosmology: The Interface
  • Author : Dimitri I. Kazakov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 1402031599
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Summary :

The Order of Time

The Order of Time
  • Author : Carlo Rovelli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-08
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 9780735216129
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Summary : One of TIME’s Ten Best Nonfiction Books of the Decade "Meet the new Stephen Hawking . . . The Order of Time is a dazzling book." --The Sunday Times From the bestselling author of Seven Brief Lessons on Physics, Reality Is Not What It Seems, and Helgoland, comes a concise, elegant exploration of time. Why do we remember the past and not the future? What does it mean for time to "flow"? Do we exist in time or does time exist in us? In lyric, accessible prose, Carlo Rovelli invites us to consider questions about the nature of time that continue to puzzle physicists and philosophers alike. For most readers this is unfamiliar terrain. We all experience time, but the more scientists learn about it, the more mysterious it remains. We think of it as uniform and universal, moving steadily from past to future, measured by clocks. Rovelli tears down these assumptions one by one, revealing a strange universe where at the most fundamental level time disappears. He explains how the theory of quantum gravity attempts to understand and give meaning to the resulting extreme landscape of this timeless world. Weaving together ideas from philosophy, science and literature, he suggests that our perception of the flow of time depends on our perspective, better understood starting from the structure of our brain and emotions than from the physical universe. Already a bestseller in Italy, and written with the poetic vitality that made Seven Brief Lessons on Physics so appealing, The Order of Time offers a profoundly intelligent, culturally rich, novel appreciation of the mysteries of time.

Beyond the Galaxy

Beyond the Galaxy
  • Author : Ethan Siegel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-26
  • Total pages :388
  • ISBN : 9789814667173
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Summary : "A look up at the night sky reveals a treasury of wonders. Even to the naked eye, the Moon, stars, planets, the Milky Way and even a few star clusters and nebulae illuminate the heavens. For millennia, humans struggled to make sense of what's out there in the Universe, from all we can see to that which lies beyond the limits of even our most powerful telescopes. Beyond the Galaxy traces our journey from an ancient, Earth-centered Universe all the way to our modern, 21st century understanding of the cosmos. Touching on not only what we know but also how we know it, Ethan Siegel takes us to the very frontiers of modern astrophysics and cosmology, from the birth of our Universe to its ultimate fate, and everything in between."--

Quantum Gravity

Quantum Gravity
  • Author : Warner Schneider
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-02
  • Total pages :66
  • ISBN : 9781480970236
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Summary : Quantum Gravity: A Study in Physics and Cosmology By Warner Schneider Albert Einstein determined that gravitation is the curvature of space in proximity to any celestial body of mass. If this is so, then how and why does it occur? And what is the relationship between matter and the fabric of space that allows for it? We can gain a more complete understanding of this force by identifying the various symmetries and field vectors that are replicated between the quantum level, the macrocosm of our universe, and the greater macrocosm lying beyond it. The dynamic underlying the expansion of space is revealed in this way, which goes a long way in explaining the origins of the universe and where it is ultimately headed.

Elementary Cosmology

Elementary Cosmology
  • Author : James J Kolata
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-12-01
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9781681741642
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Summary : Cosmology is the study of the origin, size, and evolution of the entire universe. Every culture has developed a cosmology, whether it be based on religious, philosophical, or scientific principles. In this book, the evolution of the scientific understanding of the Universe in Western tradition is traced from the early Greek philosophers to the most modern 21st century view. After a brief introduction to the concept of the scientific method, the first part of the book describes the way in which detailed observations of the Universe, first with the naked eye and later with increasingly complex modern instruments, ultimately led to the development of the "Big Bang" theory. The second part of the book traces the evolution of the Big Bang including the very recent observation that the expansion of the Universe is itself accelerating with time.

Cosmology and Elementary Particles

Cosmology and Elementary Particles
  • Author : Daniel R. Altschuler,José F. Nieves
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :370
  • ISBN : UCAL:B4338335
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Summary :

Inner Space/Outer Space

Inner Space/Outer Space
  • Author : Edward Kolb,Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory,Michael Turner,Keith Olive,David Seckel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1986-04
  • Total pages :638
  • ISBN : 0226450325
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Summary : Inner Space/Outer Space brings together much of the exciting work contributing to a new synthesis of modern physics. Particle physicists, concerned with the "inner space" of the atom, are making discoveries that their colleagues in astrophysics, studying outer space, can use to develop and test hypotheses about the events that occurred in the microseconds after the Big Bang and that shaped the universe as we know it today. The papers collected here, from scores of scientists, constitute the proceedings of the first major international conference on research at the interface of particle physics and astrophysics, held in May 1984. The editors have written introductions to each major section that draw out the central themes and elaborate on the primary implications of the papers that follow.

Entropic Spacetime Theory

Entropic Spacetime Theory
  • Author : Jack Armel
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996
  • Total pages :114
  • ISBN : 9789810228422
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Summary : This book sets up a discrete universe with minimum and maximum dimensions. Singularity is rejected.Entropic Spacetime Theory divides the universe into a kinetic system and an entropic spacetime. The kinetic system is what our present physics is all about; it deals with radiation (vector bosons) and mass particles (fermions). Relativity and quantum mechanics deal almost entirely in the kinetic system.The entropic spacetime (EST) defines space; in this theory there is no vacuum ? EST is space. Made up of energy and dipole charges, its values can be converted into length and time.The theory offers a new description of space, a new cosmology, names space as the original creator of all new matter and radiation.

Particles, Fields, Space-Time

Particles, Fields, Space-Time
  • Author : Martin Pohl
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-09-14
  • Total pages :302
  • ISBN : 9781000176971
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Summary : Particles, Fields, Space-Time: From Thomson's Electron to Higgs' Boson explores the concepts, ideas, and experimental results that brought us from the discovery of the first elementary particle in the end of the 19th century to the completion of the Standard Model of particle physics in the early 21st century. The book concentrates on disruptive events and unexpected results that fundamentally changed our view of particles and how they move through space-time. It separates the mathematical and technical details from the narrative into focus boxes, so that it remains accessible to non-scientists, yet interesting for those with a scientific background who wish to further their understanding. The text presents and explains experiments and their results wherever appropriate. This book will be of interest to a general audience, but also to students studying particle physics, physics teachers at all levels, and scientists with a recreational curiosity towards the subject. Features Short, comprehensive overview concentrating on major breakthroughs, disruptive ideas, and unexpected results Accessible to all interested in subatomic physics with little prior knowledge required Contains the latest developments in this exciting field

Introduction to Particle Cosmology

Introduction to Particle Cosmology
  • Author : Cosimo Bambi,Alexandre D. Dolgov
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-14
  • Total pages :251
  • ISBN : 9783662480786
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Summary : This book introduces the basic concepts of particle cosmology and covers all the main aspects of the Big Bang Model (expansion of the Universe, Big Bang Nucleosynthesis, Cosmic Microwave Background, large scale structures) and the search for new physics (inflation, baryogenesis, dark matter, dark energy). It also includes the majority of recent discoveries, such as the precise determination of cosmological parameters using experiments like WMAP and Planck, the discovery of the Higgs boson at LHC, the non-discovery to date of supersymmetric particles, and the search for the imprint of gravitational waves on the CMB polarization by Planck and BICEP. This textbook is based on the authors’ courses on Cosmology, and aims at introducing Particle Cosmology to senior undergraduate and graduate students. It has been especially written to be accessible even for those students who do not have a strong background in General Relativity and quantum field theory. The content of this book is organized in an easy-to-use style and students will find it a helpful research guide.