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Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia
  • Author : An Li,Shinsuke Tanabe,Guibin Jiang,John P. Giesy,Paul S.K. Lam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-07-29
  • Total pages :842
  • ISBN : 0080551130
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Summary : Large amounts of data obtained through environmental monitoring of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in 10 Asian countries and Australia have been compiled and explored using principles of environmental chemistry, toxicology, and risk assessment. This book also includes descriptions and discussions of current governmental policies, monitoring and surveillance programs, history of manufacturing and applications, emission sources, impacts on human health, and cross-boundary transport of POPs in these countries. * Compiles up-to-date sources, distributions, transport, and fates of highly concerned persistent organic pollutants (POPs) * Presents exploratory examinations of the data guided by the principles of environmental chemistry, toxicology, and risk assessment * Includes important context and insight regarding government policies, monitoring and surveillance programs, history of manufacturing and applications, emission sources, impact on human health, and cross-boundary transport of POPs

Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia
  • Author : United Nations Publications,Masatoshi Morita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-14
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 9280845578
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Summary : In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the UN University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996 to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project's activities and reports the present status of the project.

Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia

Monitoring and Governance of Persistent Organic Pollutants in Asia
  • Author : United Nations University
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-20
  • Total pages :290
  • ISBN : 9789280845587
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Summary : A variety of chemical compounds has been released into water from industrial and agricultural activities and urban wastes. Some of those chemicals are harmful to living organisms and are resistant to degradation, thus named persistent organic pollutants (POPs). In efforts to manage chemical pollutants such as POPs in Asia, the United Nations University (UNU) and Shimadzu Corporation established a pilot project in 1996, “Environmental Monitoring and Analysis in the East Asian Region”, to aid developing Asian countries with the knowledge and technology to analyse and monitor such pollutants in the environment. This book summarizes some highlights of monitoring results obtained by the project’s activities for 15 years, and reports the present status of the project, touching on the future development of the project by analysing challenges ahead of the project.

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Author : Stuart Harrad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-19
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : 0470684135
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Summary : Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are toxic, resistant to degradation, bioaccumulative, and display wide spatial distribution. They accumulate in humans and wildlife, and have been linked to cancer, as well as reproductive and immunological disorders. In 2001 a global treaty on POPs was agreed, to minimise and ultimately eliminate the release of POPs into the environment. The Stockholm Convention lists 12 groups of chemicals, and as of late 2008, a further 12 chemicals are under consideration for inclusion. This book addresses all of these chemicals, but focuses particularly on currently listed POPs that are still of major concern (e.g. polychlorinated biphenyls - PCBs), as well as new and emerging POPs that have been the subject of an explosion of scientific interest in the last decade, i.e. brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluorinated chemicals (PFCs). Other chapters address the challenges posed by the presence of POPs in the developing world; how the properties of chiral POPs can provide unique insights into their environmental sources, fate and behaviour; and issues arising from the presence of POPs in urban and indoor environments. Persistent Organic Pollutants provides a much-anticipated reference source for a wide audience including academics, industrial scientists and regulators.

Trans-Boundary Pollution in North-East Asia

Trans-Boundary Pollution in North-East Asia
  • Author : Kazuichi Hayakawa,Seiya Nagao,Yayoi Inomata,Mutsuo Inoue,Atsushi Matsuki
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2021
  • Total pages :214
  • ISBN : 1536141631
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Summary : In East Asia, the economics and industrial outputs of Japan, China, Korea and Russia have developed rapidly in recent decades. Together, these countries account for more than a quarter of the world's energy consumption. The primary energy consumption of China has especially increased drastically. The main energy sources in these countries are oil in Japan and Korea, coal in China and natural gas in Russia (additionally, coal is harvested in Far Eastern Russia). The burning of these fuels and biomass releases many kinds of pollutants including gases and particulates into the atmosphere. From 1970-1980, "acid rain/snow" was a typical trans-boundary form of environmental pollution not only in Eastern Europe and North America, but also in North East Asia. Acid rain/snow was observed on the Sea of Japan coastline of the Japanese islands during the winter. It was caused by sulfur dioxide emitted from the combustion of a large amount of coal in China. Yellow sand is also observed in various parts of Japan during the spring. It is caused by dust storms generated in deserts such as the Takramakan in China and transported at long ranges to Japan via microorganisms. Recently, a high concentration of PM2.5 in the urban atmosphere has become a large problem in China. PM2.5 as an originated form of fossil fuel combustion and biomass combustion contains many polycyslic aromatic hydrocarbons, which exhibit carcinogenic and/or mutagenic, endocrine disrupting and reactive oxygen species producing activities. A part of PM2.5 emitted in China has been transported at long ranges to Japan. These pollutans cause respiratory and circulatory diseases. On the other hand, in 1997, enormous amounts of oil spilled from an old Russian tanker which caused a serious pollution problem in the Sea of Japan. Backbone bending in fish was reported in several marine areas polluted with the spilled oil. From these view points, trans-boundary pollution attracts much attention from environmental and health science fields. This book will focus on the trans-boundary pollutants observed in North East Asia with recent research results.

Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals

Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals
  • Author : Bommanna G. Loganathan,Paul Kwan-Sing Lam
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-08-09
  • Total pages :656
  • ISBN : 9781439838310
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Summary : Environmental pollution by man-made persistent organic chemicals (POCs) has been a serious global issue for over half a century. POCs are prevalent in air, water, soil, and organisms including wildlife and humans throughout the world. They do not degrade and cause long-term effect in organisms. Exposure to certain POCs may result in serious environmental and health effects including birth defects, diminished intelligence and certain types of cancers. Therefore, POCs have been the subject of an intensive regional, national and international effort to limit their production, use, and disposal of these chemical stocks. Trend monitoring studies are essential to make clear the behavior and fate of these compounds and to protect our environment and living resources. Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals provides comprehensive coverage of spatial and temporal trends of classical and emerging contaminants in aquatic, terrestrial, and marine ecosystems, including the Arctic and Antarctic ecosystems. Compiled by an international group of experts, this volume covers: Spatial and temporal trends of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chlorinated pesticides, polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/DFs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), synthetic musks, polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and octyl- and nonylphenols Environmental and biological matrices used for the trend studies were atmosphere, water, soil, sediment, bivalve mollusks, fish, marine mammals, terrestrial mammals, and human breast milk Spatial and temporal trend studies presented from Australia, Brazil, China, Estonia, Ghana, Hong Kong, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Norway, Poland, Sweden, the United States, coastal and open ocean environments, and the Arctic and Antarctic regions POCs have been the subject of an intensive regional, national, and international effort to limit their production and use, and to mitigate the disposal of these chemicals. Since POCs are prevalent in air, water, soil, and tissues of organisms (including wildlife and humans) throughout the world and do not degrade, they cause long-term effects in organisms. Trend monitoring studies are essential to make clear the behavior and fate of these compounds and to protect our environment and living resources. Relevant to professionals and students alike, Global Contamination Trends of Persistent Organic Chemicals facilitates the understanding of environmental and biological behavior of these chemicals and the development of strategies for protecting the global environment for future generations.

Partnership on Persistent Organic Pollutants Pesticides Management for Agricultural Production in Central Asian Countries (financed by the Government of the People's Republic of China)

Partnership on Persistent Organic Pollutants Pesticides Management for Agricultural Production in Central Asian Countries (financed by the Government of the People's Republic of China)
  • Author : Asian Development Bank
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :10
  • ISBN : UOM:39015069139494
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Summary :

The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Asia and the Pacific

The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Asia and the Pacific
  • Author : Simon Chesterman,Hisashi Owada,Ben Saul
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-28
  • Total pages :912
  • ISBN : 9780198793854
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Summary : The growing economic and political significance of Asia has exposed a tension in the modern international order. Despite expanding power and influence, Asian states have played a minimal role in creating the norms and institutions of international law; today they are the least likely to be parties to international agreements or to be represented in international organizations. That is changing. There is widespread scholarly and practitioner interest in international law at present in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as developments in the practice of states. The change has been driven by threats as well as opportunities. Transnational issues such as climate change and occasional flashpoints like the the territorial disputes of the South China and the East China Seas pose challenges while economic integration and the proliferation of specialized branches of law and dispute settlement mechanisms have also encouraged greater domestic implementation of international norms across Asia. These evolutions join the long-standing interest in parts of Asia (notably South Asia) in post-colonial theory and the history of international law. The Oxford Handbook of International Law in Asia and the Pacific brings together pre-eminent and emerging specialists to analyse the approach to and influence of key states of the region, as well as whether truly 'Asian' trends can be identified and what this might mean for international order.

Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Implementation Act

Protocol on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) Implementation Act
  • Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :195
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105050359772
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Summary :

Global Sources of Local Pollution

Global Sources of Local Pollution
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on the Significance of International Transport of Air Pollutants
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-02-15
  • Total pages :248
  • ISBN : 9780309144018
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Summary : Recent advances in air pollution monitoring and modeling capabilities have made it possible to show that air pollution can be transported long distances and that adverse impacts of emitted pollutants cannot be confined to one country or even one continent. Pollutants from traffic, cooking stoves, and factories emitted half a world away can make the air we inhale today more hazardous for our health. The relative importance of this "imported" pollution is likely to increase, as emissions in developing countries grow, and air quality standards in industrial countries are tightened. Global Sources of Local Pollution examines the impact of the long-range transport of four key air pollutants (ozone, particulate matter, mercury, and persistent organic pollutants) on air quality and pollutant deposition in the United States. It also explores the environmental impacts of U.S. emissions on other parts of the world. The book recommends that the United States work with the international community to develop an integrated system for determining pollution sources and impacts and to design effective response strategies. This book will be useful to international, federal, state, and local policy makers responsible for understanding and managing air pollution and its impacts on human health and well-being.

Transboundary Air Pollution in Asia

Transboundary Air Pollution in Asia
  • Author : Tracey Holloway
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001
  • Total pages :410
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822031392046
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Summary :

Persistent Organic Chemicals in the Environment

Persistent Organic Chemicals in the Environment
  • Author : Bommanna G. Loganathan,Prasada Rao S. Kodavanti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-04-19
  • Total pages :256
  • ISBN : 0841231974
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Summary : Environmental pollution by man-made Persistent Organic Chemicals (POCs) has been a serious global issue for over half a century. Exposure to POCs may result in health effects, including, endocrine disruption leading to birth defects, intellectual disability, low testosterone, childhood obesity, autism and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Therefore, POCs have been the subject of intensive regional, national, and international efforts to limit the production, use, and disposal of these chemicals. Since POCs are ubiquitous and recalcitrant, and cause long-term effects on wildlife and humans, trend monitoring studies are valuable in making clear the behavior and fate of these compounds and to protect our environment and living resources. The Pacific Basin is a unique geographical region representing tropical, temperate and polar zones. This region is home to two-thirds of the world's population and consists of rapidly growing economies (countries) and highly developed countries. Due to this diversity of climatic and socio-economic conditions, environment and biota in different countries in this basin have varying degrees of environmental contamination and effects on wildlife and humans. The Pacific Rim countries play a pivotal role in governing global POC contamination and resulting harmful health effects. Because articles on POCs and their effect on environment and health are published in a large number of different journals, it is useful to have a book that includes original papers and reviews on the latest advances by well-known scientists in the field, especially focusing on the countries in the Pacific Rim. The two volumes of this book satisfy this need. Topics covered in Volume 1 include an overview of POCs contamination status and trends in the Pacific Basin Countries; human exposure to brominated flame retardants; POCs in sediments, soil and atmosphere of South Korea; and new research on sequestration and redistribution of emerging and classical persistent organic pollutants by polystyrene. The collection of chapters in these volumes may serve as a reasonable representation of current and future trends of POCs in the Pacific Basin countries. It is hoped that the book can inspire students and researchers, as well as professionals, to facilitate the understanding of the environmental and biological behavior of these persistent chemicals and to help in the development of strategies and practices for protecting the global environment for future generations.

Water Quality in the Third Pole

Water Quality in the Third Pole
  • Author : Chhatra Mani Sharma,Shichang Kang,Lekhendra Tripathee
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-12
  • Total pages :334
  • ISBN : 9780128175248
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Summary : Water Quality in the Third Pole: The Roles of Climate Change and Human Activities offers in-depth coverage of water quality issues (natural and human-related), the monitoring of contaminants, and the remediation of water contamination. The book's chapters assess years of research on water quality and climate change in this fascinating and scientifically important region. Topics addressed include climate change impacts on water qualities of freshwater bodies, such as glaciers, lakes, rivers and precipitation. In addition, the book explains the growing concerns over water quality, such as mercury, trace elements, major ions, persistent organic pollutants and their circulation. As such, it is an essential reference for academics and policymakers interested in the water quality of natural bodies. Identifies key issues and problems, focusing on water quality in the Third Pole region under the changing scenarios of global climate change Provides updated information on water quality in a compiled form, mainly from climatically and lithologically distinct Himalayan regions Highlights the local and long-range transported inputs of pollutants in water bodies

E-Waste in Transition

E-Waste in Transition
  • Author : Florin-Constantin Mihai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-06-29
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9789535124993
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Summary : E-waste management is a serious challenge across developed, transition, and developing countries because of the consumer society and the globalization process. E-waste is a fast-growing waste stream which needs more attention of international organizations, governments, and local authorities in order to improve the current waste management practices. The book reveals the pollution side of this waste stream with critical implications on the environment and public health, and also it points out the resource side which must be further developed under the circular economy framework with respect to safety regulations. In this context, complicated patterns at the global scale emerge under legal and illegal e-waste trades. The linkages between developed and developing countries and key issues of e-waste management sector are further examined in the book.

Proposed Loan and Asian Development Fund Grant

Proposed Loan and Asian Development Fund Grant
  • Author : Asian Development Bank
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006
  • Total pages :61
  • ISBN : UCBK:C098298073
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Summary :

Capacity Building for Environmental Law in the Asian and Pacific Region

Capacity Building for Environmental Law in the Asian and Pacific Region
  • Author : Donna G. Craig,Nicholas A. Robinson,Kheng Lian Koh
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :1054
  • ISBN : UCLA:L0090773144
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Summary : National, sectoral, and international approaches to environmental law education are integrated in this comprehensive resource on environmental law in Asian and Pacific countries. A broader definition of sustainable development that incorporates social, cultural, and economic dimensions facilitates consideration of social justice and equity in environmental law. Specific environments including freshwater ecosystems, forests, and intercoastal zones are discussed in this volume, including information on biological diversity, climate change, and sustainable development.

Persistent Organic Pollutants

Persistent Organic Pollutants
  • Author : Heidelore Fiedler
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2003
  • Total pages :445
  • ISBN : 3540437282
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Summary : Since the mid 1990s, legal action to eliminate persistent organic pollutants (POPs) has started resulting in a global Convention on POPs, the Stockholm Convention, and a regional Protocol under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (UN-ECE LRTAP Convention). POPs are characterized by long half-lives, persistence in the environment, they undergo long-range transport, accumulate in the environment and in biota, and they are toxic. The combination of these characteristics makes them a threat at the global level. This book makes the reader familiar with the goals of these two conventions, lays out characteristics of these compounds, presents results from case studies and addresses inventories, levels in humans and the environment as well as technologies to destroy them.

Southeast Asia Subregional Report for the World Summit on Sustainable Development

Southeast Asia Subregional Report for the World Summit on Sustainable Development
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002
  • Total pages :122
  • ISBN : 9715614558
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Summary : "The final report of the Southeast Asia Subregional Preparatory Meeting for the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), held in October 2001, is presented in this overview of the summit. Discussed are the main achievements, lessons learned, key institutional and policy issues, and major constraints in Agenda 21's implementation. Also presented are new challenges and opportunities, the summit's action-oriented decisions, and subregional policy platforms and mechanisms for implementation. Additionally, an overview of the preparatory process for WSSD at subregional, regional, and global levels is provided, including activities that have been and are being undertaken at each preparatory process at various levels."

Environmental Cooperation in Northeast Asia

Environmental Cooperation in Northeast Asia
  • Author : 东北亚环境管理联合研究项目组
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009
  • Total pages :288
  • ISBN : STANFORD:36105215684395
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Summary :

Environmental Impacts of Metallic Elements

Environmental Impacts of Metallic Elements
  • Author : Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf,Maliha Sarfraz,Rizwana Naureen,Mohamedreza Gharibreza
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-01-19
  • Total pages :434
  • ISBN : 9812872922
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Summary : This book presents a combined analysis of the geochemical, physio-chemical, biological and analytical techniques to provide a better understanding of the biogeochemical cycling of heavy metals in ex-mining areas. The findings presented in this book provide a basis for evaluation of the environmental impacts of mining activities, especially tin mining. The chapters provide a general picture of the land use, geography, concentration and chemical speciation of heavy metals in mining areas. The impacts of bioavailable metal species are supported by a detailed case study on Bestari Jaya. The book concludes with remediation methods along with classical and modern approaches, their limitations and economic feasibility.

Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law

Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : UCSD:31822032798571
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Summary :