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Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control

Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control
  • Author : Shahryar Jafarinejad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-10-18
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9780128094983
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Summary : Petroleum Waste Treatment and Pollution Control combines state-of-the-art and traditional treatment and control methods for removing, controlling, and treating problems, such as groundwater contamination, aromatics, oil, grease, organic removal, and VOCs. The book is divided into seven chapters, with the first briefly introducing readers to the petroleum industry. The second and third chapters explain wastes in the petroleum industry and focus on its environmental impact, its regulations, and protection options. Chapters four, five, and six discuss the treatment of air emissions, oily wastewater, solid wastes, and disposal methods.. The final chapter provides remediation processes. Presents the latest methods for treating, controlling, and eliminating pollutants from air, water, and land that are a byproduct of petroleum industry operations Covers the environmental impact of the petroleum industry and its regulations, explaining protection options Includes treatment methods for both air, water, and solid waste disposal Discusses remediation processes, including natural processes, pump and treat, soil flushing, soil vapor extraction (SVE), bioremediation, and excavation

Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering

Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering
  • Author : DR. John C. Reis, Ph.D.
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-04-25
  • Total pages :400
  • ISBN : 0080505759
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Summary : The petroleum industry must minimize the environmental impact of its various operations. This extensively researched book assembles a tremendous amount of practical information to help reduce and control the environmental consequences of producing and processing petroleum and natural gas. The best way to treat pollution is not to create it in the first place. This book shows you how to plan and manage production activities to minimize and even eliminate some environmental problems without severely disrupting operations. It focuses on ways to treat drilling and production wastes to reduce toxicity and/or volume before their ultimate disposal. You'll also find methods for safely transporting toxic materials from the upstream petroleum industry away from their release sites. For those sites already contaminated with petroleum wastes, this book reviews the remedial technologies available. Other topics include United States federal environmental regulations, sensitive habitats, major U.S. chemical waste exchanges, and offshore releases of oil. Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering is essential for industry personnel with little or no training in environmental issues as well as petroleum engineering students.

Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries

Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-09-10
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9781119551737
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Summary : Unravels fundamental engineering for the treatment, recovery, and disposal of solid waste, sludge and wastewater in the petroleum, chemical, and unconventional oil and gas processing industries This new edition unravels essential requirements for the process design and engineering of the equipment and facilities pertaining to waste management for gas refineries, chemical plants, oil terminals, and petrochemical plants. Updated throughout, Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries, Second Edition offers chapters on wastewater treatment; physical unit operations; chemical treatment; biological treatment; and wastewater treatment in unconventional oil and gas industries. It also covers wastewater sewer systems; sewage treatment; and solid waste treatment and disposal. New topics include: water pollution terminals the design procedure for effluent water pollution control spill prevention and control groundwater pollution control wastewater pollution control in crude oil terminals Information on the source of polymeric plants examination of water and wastewater radioactivity soil pollution pipeline leak consequence evaluation Waste Management in the Chemical and Petroleum Industries, Second Edition is an ideal text for researchers and advanced students in chemical, petroleum, and environmental fields, as well as for those in civil engineering.

Handbook of Pollution Prevention and Cleaner Production Vol. 1: Best Practices in the Petroleum Industry

Handbook of Pollution Prevention and Cleaner Production Vol. 1: Best Practices in the Petroleum Industry
  • Author : Nicholas P Cheremisinoff,Paul E. Rosenfeld
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-09-22
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 9780815520368
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Summary : This new Handbook provides a series of reference guides to cleaner production methods, technologies, and practices for key industry sectors. Each volume covers, for each industry sector: * the manufacturing technologies * waste management * pollution * methods for estimating and reporting emissions * treatment and control technologies * worker and community health risk exposures * cost data for pollution management * cleaner production and prevention alternatives Best Practices in The Petroleum Industry provides an overview of refineries and gas plant operations and identifies the key Environmental Aspects, supported by case studies of major incidents that resulted in catastrophic releases of oil and refined products, and a critical assessment of the methodology and calculation procedures that the industry relies on in preparing emissions inventories. The authors offer alternative approaches to providing more accurate emissions estimates, and guidelines on cleaner production and pollution prevention practices for improving overall environmental performance. Overview of the key Environmental Aspects of gas plant operations and refineries Case studies of major incidents that resulted in catastrophic releases of oil and refined products, including the Santa Barbara oil spill of 1969 and the EXXON Valdez incident Provides guidelines on cleaner production and pollution prevention practices for improving overall environmental performance

Pollution Control for the Petrochemicals Industry

Pollution Control for the Petrochemicals Industry
  • Author : M.Brett Borup
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-01-18
  • Total pages :190
  • ISBN : 9781351092760
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Summary : The petrochemicals industry is very complex and requires considerable knowledge of the individual processes to develop effective pollution control plans and processes. Information in this small book is intended to provide a base from which one can build. It is not exhaustive in describing the segments of the industry or pollution control techniques; however, it does provide a basic knowledge that should lead to intelligent, environmentally sound solutions to pollution prevention, control, and treatment.

Pollution Control in Oil, Gas and Chemical Plants

Pollution Control in Oil, Gas and Chemical Plants
  • Author : Alireza Bahadori
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-10-04
  • Total pages :318
  • ISBN : 9783319012346
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Summary : This book covers the fundamental requirements for air, soil and water pollution control in oil and gas refineries, chemical plants, oil terminals, petrochemical plants, and related facilities. In this concise volume, Dr. Bahadori elucidates design and operational considerations relevant to critical systems such as the waste water treatment units, solid waste disposal, and waste water sewer treatment as well as engineering/technological methods related to soil and air pollutions control. Engineers and technical managers in a range of industries will benefit from detail on a diverse list of topics.

Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater with Constructed Wetlands

Treatment of Petroleum Refinery Wastewater with Constructed Wetlands
  • Author : Hassana Ibrahim Mustapha
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-07-11
  • Total pages :282
  • ISBN : 9780429835155
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Summary : Pollution of waterbodies and the environment by petroleum industry is of particular concern in Nigeria. This problem can be addressed by the application of constructed wetlands (CWs) which is a nature-based system that is simple to construct, have low operational and maintenance costs in terms of supply of energy and its periodic maintenance. The application of CWs in Nigeria for polishing of petroleum refinery wastewater is an unprecedented research. This PhD thesis focused on some specific objectives which were characterization of treated secondary refinery wastewater, design, construction, operation and monitoring of planted (T. latifolia, C. alternifolius and C. dactylon) and unplanted vertical subsurface flow, horizontal subsurface flow and hybrid CWs for the removal of suspended solids, nutrients, heavy metals, organic matter and organic pollutants. The CWs effectively treated the petroleum contaminated wastewater to effluent compliance limits. In this study, T. latifolia planted CWs had consistently higher removal efficiencies for all the measured parameters than C. alternifolius and C. dactylon planted CW systems. Therefore, in order to improve the wastewater quality discharged by Kaduna Refining and Petrochemical Company (KRPC) Nigeria, meet stringent guidelines and protect the recipient streams, installation of CWs at the effluent discharge point of KRPC is strongly recommended.

Recent Insights in Petroleum Science and Engineering

Recent Insights in Petroleum Science and Engineering
  • Author : Mansoor Zoveidavianpoor
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-02-07
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 9789535138099
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Summary : This book presents new insights into the development of different aspects of petroleum science and engineering. The book contains 19 chapters divided into two main sections: (i) Exploration and Production and (ii) Environmental Solutions. There are 11 chapters in the first section, and the focus is on the topics related to exploration and production of oil and gas, such as characterization of petroleum source rocks, drilling technology, characterization of reservoir fluids, and enhanced oil recovery. In the second section, the special emphasis is on waste technologies and environmental cleanup in the downstream sector. The book written by numerous prominent scholars clearly shows the necessity of the multidisciplinary approach to sustainable development in the petroleum industry and stresses the most updated topics such as EOR and environmental cleanup of fossil fuel wastes.

Environmental Waste Management

Environmental Waste Management
  • Author : Ram Chandra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-19
  • Total pages :602
  • ISBN : 9781498724753
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Summary : Rapid industrialization has resulted in the generation of huge quantities of hazardous waste, both solid and liquid. Despite regulatory guidelines and pollution control measures, industrial waste is being dumped on land and discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment. This gross misconduct creates serious environmental and public health

Waste Treatment in the Process Industries

Waste Treatment in the Process Industries
  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Howard H. Lo,Constantine Yapijakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-10-31
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781420037159
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Summary : Increasing demand on industrial capacity has, as an unintended consequence, produced an accompanying increase in harmful and hazardous wastes. Derived from the second edition of the popular Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment, Waste Treatment in the Process Industries outlines the fundamentals and latest developments in waste treatment in various process industries, such as pharmaceuticals, textiles, petroleum, soap, detergent, phosphate, paper, pulp, pesticides, rubber, and power. Comprehensive in scope, it provides information that is directly applicable to daily waste management problems throughout the industry. The book contains in-depth discussions of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends for the process industry. It includes extensive bibliographies for each type of industrial process waste treatment or practice, invaluable information to anyone who needs to trace, follow, duplicate, or improve on a specific process waste treatment practice. A quick scan of the chapters and contributors reveals the depth and breadth of the book's coverage. It provides technical and economical information on how to develop the most feasible total environmental control program that can benefit both process industry and local municipalities.

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels

Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Biofuels
  • Author : Jose Antonio Olivares,Daniel Puyol,Juan Antonio Melero,Javier Dufour
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-11-21
  • Total pages :474
  • ISBN : 9780128165409
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Summary : Wastewater Treatment Residues as Resources for Biorefinery Products and Energy reviews wastewater treatment processes and the use of residues. The viability of end use processes for residues, such as incineration, cement additives, agricultural fertilizers, and methane production are reviewed and analyzed, as are new processes for the use of residues within a fuels production system, such as pyrolysis, hydrothermal liquefaction and syngas. Specialized chapters discuss fractionation of biomass, the production of compounds from volatile fatty acids that conceptually proceed from the anaerobic acidogenesis of residues, and a final analysis of the overall productivity and viability that can be expected from these production schemes. Discusses processes for the production of high value-added products and energy development from sludge Provides value-added technologies for resource utilization in wastewater systems Outlines sustainability assessments and comparisons of technologies and processes

Selected Water Resources Abstracts

Selected Water Resources Abstracts
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : WISC:89071949143
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Summary :

Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control

Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control
  • Author : Martin Blake Hocking
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998
  • Total pages :777
  • ISBN : UOM:39015040363403
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Summary : Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control integrates industrial chemistry with pollution control and environmental chemistry. This unified approach provides practicing professionals and consultantswith a concise yet authoritative handbook covering the key features, relative importance, and environmental impact of currently operating chemical processes. It also meets the critical needs of students training for industrial careers. Handbook of Chemical Technology and Pollution Control considers community, municipal, power generation, industrial, and transportation components of environmental impact. The book covers the major inorganic and organic commodity chemicals; aluminum, iron and steel, and copper production; pulp and paper; fermentation; petroleum production and refining. It also includes key topics and process details for major petrochemicals and large-scale consumer and engineering polymers. This single, convenientvolume describes aspects of recycling at the industrial and post-consumer levels, and emphasizes a quantitative approach as used in the authors well-known lifecycle work with disposable and reusable cups.

Wastewater Treatment Engineering

Wastewater Treatment Engineering
  • Author : Mohamed Samer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-10-14
  • Total pages :212
  • ISBN : 9789535121794
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Summary : This book provides useful information about bioremediation, phytoremediation, and mycoremediation of wastewater and some aspects of the chemical wastewater treatment processes, including ion exchange, neutralization, adsorption, and disinfection. Additionally, this book elucidates and illustrates the wastewater treatment plants in terms of plant sizing, plant layout, plant design, and plant location. Cutting-edge topics include wet air oxidation of aqueous wastes, biodegradation of nitroaromatic compounds, biological treatment of sanitary landfill leachate, bacterial strains for the bioremediation of olive mill wastewater, gelation of arabinoxylans from maize wastewater, and modeling wastewater evolution.

Environmental Management in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production

Environmental Management in Oil and Gas Exploration and Production
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :68
  • ISBN : 9789280716399
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Summary :

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining

Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining
  • Author : Mohamed A. Fahim,Taher A. Al-Sahhaf,Amal Elkilani
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-11-19
  • Total pages :516
  • ISBN : 0080931561
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Summary : Fundamentals of Petroleum Refining presents the fundamentals of thermodynamics and kinetics, and it explains the scientific background essential for understanding refinery operations. The text also provides a detailed introduction to refinery engineering topics, ranging from the basic principles and unit operations to overall refinery economics. The book covers important topics, such as clean fuels, gasification, biofuels, and environmental impact of refining, which are not commonly discussed in most refinery textbooks. Throughout the source, problem sets and examples are given to help the reader practice and apply the fundamental principles of refining. Chapters 1-10 can be used as core materials for teaching undergraduate courses. The first two chapters present an introduction to the petroleum refining industry and then focus on feedstocks and products. Thermophysical properties of crude oils and petroleum fractions, including processes of atmospheric and vacuum distillations, are discussed in Chapters 3 and 4. Conversion processes, product blending, and alkylation are covered in chapters 5-10. The remaining chapters discuss hydrogen production, clean fuel production, refining economics and safety, acid gas treatment and removal, and methods for environmental and effluent treatments. This source can serve both professionals and students (on undergraduate and graduate levels) of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Chemistry, and Chemical Technology. Beginners in the engineering field, specifically in the oil and gas industry, may also find this book invaluable. Provides balanced coverage of fundamental and operational topics Includes spreadsheets and process simulators for showing trends and simulation case studies Relates processing to planning and management to give an integrated picture of refining

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
  • Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Yung-Tse Hung,Howard H. Lo,Constantine Yapijakis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-06-29
  • Total pages :1368
  • ISBN : 0203026519
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Summary : Presenting effective, practicable strategies modeled from ultramodern technologies and framed by the critical insights of 78 field experts, this vastly expanded Second Edition offers 32 chapters of industry- and waste-specific analyses and treatment methods for industrial and hazardous waste materials-from explosive wastes to landfill leachate to w

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century
  • Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,NAE Office of Programs,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Grand Challenges and Opportunites in Environmental Engineering for the Twenty-First Century
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-03-08
  • Total pages :124
  • ISBN : 9780309476553
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Summary : Environmental engineers support the well-being of people and the planet in areas where the two intersect. Over the decades the field has improved countless lives through innovative systems for delivering water, treating waste, and preventing and remediating pollution in air, water, and soil. These achievements are a testament to the multidisciplinary, pragmatic, systems-oriented approach that characterizes environmental engineering. Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century: Addressing Grand Challenges outlines the crucial role for environmental engineers in this period of dramatic growth and change. The report identifies five pressing challenges of the 21st century that environmental engineers are uniquely poised to help advance: sustainably supply food, water, and energy; curb climate change and adapt to its impacts; design a future without pollution and waste; create efficient, healthy, resilient cities; and foster informed decisions and actions.

Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas

Managing Wastewater in Coastal Urban Areas
  • Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Committee on Wastewater Management for Coastal Urban Areas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1993-02-01
  • Total pages :496
  • ISBN : 9780309048262
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Summary : Close to one-half of all Americans live in coastal counties. The resulting flood of wastewater, stormwater, and pollutants discharged into coastal waters is a major concern. This book offers a well-delineated approach to integrated coastal management beginning with wastewater and stormwater control. The committee presents an overview of current management practices and problems. The core of the volume is a detailed model for integrated coastal management, offering basic principles and methods, a direction for moving from general concerns to day-to-day activities, specific steps from goal setting through monitoring performance, and a base of scientific and technical information. Success stories from the Chesapeake and Santa Monica bays are included. The volume discusses potential barriers to integrated coastal management and how they may be overcome and suggests steps for introducing this concept into current programs and legislation. This practical volume will be important to anyone concerned about management of coastal waters: policymakers, resource and municipal managers, environmental professionals, concerned community groups, and researchers, as well as faculty and students in environmental studies.

Green Polymers and Environmental Pollution Control

Green Polymers and Environmental Pollution Control
  • Author : Moayad N. Khalaf
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-01-05
  • Total pages :436
  • ISBN : 9781498732499
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Summary : Green Polymers and Environment Pollution Control examines the latest developments in the important and growing field of producing conventional polymers from sustainable sources. Presenting cutting-edge research from a group of leading international researchers from academia, government, and industrial institutions, the book explains what green polymers are, why green polymers are needed, which green polymers to use, and how manufacturing companies can integrate them into their manufacturing operations. It goes on to provide guidelines for implementing sustainable practices for traditional petroleum-based plastics, biobased plastics, and recycled plastics. With recent advancements in synthesis technologies and the discovery of new functional monomers, research shows that green polymers with better properties can be produced from renewable resources. The book describes these advances in synthesis, processing, and technology. It provides not only state-of-the-art information but also acts to stimulate research in this direction. Green Polymers and Environment Pollution Control offers an excellent resource for researchers, upper-level graduate students, brand owners, environment and sustainability managers, business development and innovation professionals, chemical engineers, plastics manufacturers, agriculture specialists, biochemists, and suppliers to the industry to debate sustainable, economic solutions for polymer synthesis.

Pollution Prevention Handbook

Pollution Prevention Handbook
  • Author : Thomas E. Higgins
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-03-29
  • Total pages :592
  • ISBN : 1566701457
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Summary : The Pollution Prevention Handbook provides the necessary tools to set up a successful pollution program; implement specific projects to meet environmental regulation, and improve efficiency and product quality. Methods used to reduce waste generation are illustrated, and new treatment methods to reduce the volume or toxicity of waste are described. Practical examples illustrate key concepts, and numerous case studies provide successful programs found in the real world. The text is divided into three major sections: