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Photonanotechnology for Therapeutics and Imaging

Photonanotechnology for Therapeutics and Imaging
  • Author : Seok Ki Choi
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-02-14
  • Total pages :422
  • ISBN : 9780128178416
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Summary : Photonanotechnology for Therapeutics and Imaging surveys major concepts and recent advances in the use of photonanotechnology with nanomaterials reported in various interdisciplinary fields, including chemistry, materials science, biomedical engineering and biomedicine. This book discusses the impact of this technology on the advancement of therapeutic modalities and imaging methods in cancers, infectious diseases and other serious diseases. Photonanotechnology studies the design principle, application and development of photoactive nanomaterials. It applies light-controlled strategies for the development of nanotherapeutics, imaging agents and diagnostic nanodevices. Provides the latest information on photocontrolled drug delivery systems Details how photoactive nanomaterials are designed to release reactive oxygen species (ROS) for photodynamic therapy (PDT) Explains how photoactive nanomaterials have the ability to induce surface plasmonic heating for photothermal therapeutic (PTT) effects

Non-Noble Metal Catalysis

Non-Noble Metal Catalysis
  • Author : Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink,Marc-Etienne Moret
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-07
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9783527340613
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Summary : An expert overview of current research, applications, and economic and environmental advantages The study and development of new homogeneous catalysts based on first-row metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) has grown significantly due to the economic and environmental advantages that non-noble metals present. Base metals offer reduced cost, greater supply, and lower toxicity levels than noble metals?enabling greater opportunity for scientific investigation and increased development of practical applications. Non-Noble Metal Catalysis provides an authoritative survey of the field, from fundamental concepts and computational methods to industrial applications and reaction classes. Recognized experts in organometallic chemistry and homogeneous catalysis, the authors present a comprehensive overview of the conceptual and practical aspects of non-noble metal catalysts. Examination of topics including non-innocent ligands, proton-coupled electron transfer, and multi-nuclear complexes provide essential background information, while areas such as kinetic lability and lifetimes of intermediates reflect current research and shifting trends in the field. This timely book demonstrates the efficacy of base metal catalysts in the pharmaceutical, fine-chemical, and agrochemical industries, addressing both environmental and economic concerns. Providing essential conceptual and practical exploration, this valuable resource: -Illustrates how unravelling new reactivity patterns can lead to new catalysts and new applications -Highlights the multiple advantages of using non-noble metals in homogenous catalysis -Demonstrates how the availability of non-noble metal catalysis reduces costs and leads to immense savings for the chemical industry -Reveals how non-noble metal catalysis are more sustainable than noble metals such as palladium or platinum Non-Noble Metal Catalysis: Molecular Approaches and Reactions is an indispensable source of up-to-date information for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, industrial chemists, organometallic chemists, and those seeking to broaden their knowledge of catalytic chemistry.

Applications of Nanoscience in Photomedicine

Applications of Nanoscience in Photomedicine
  • Author : Michael R. Hamblin,Pinar Avci
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-02-17
  • Total pages :220
  • ISBN : 9781908818782
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Summary : Nanoscience has become one of the key growth areas in recent years. It can be integrated into imaging and therapy to increase the potential for novel applications in the field of photomedicine. In the past commercial applications of nanoscience have been limited to materials science research only, however, in recent years nanoparticles are rapidly being incorporated into industrial and consumer products. This is mainly due to the expansion of biomedical related research and the burgeoning field of nanomedicine. Applications of Nanoscience in Photomedicine covers a wide range of nanomaterials including nanoparticles used for drug delivery and other emerging fields such as optofluidics, imaging and SERS diagnostics. Introductory chapters are followed by a section largely concerned with imaging, and finally a section on nanoscience-enabled therapeutics. Covers a comprehensive up-to-date information on nanoscience Focuses on the combination of photomedicine with nanotechnology to enhance the diversity of applications Pioneers in the field have written their respective chapters Opens a plethora of possibilities for developing future nanomedicine Easy to understand and yet intensive coverage chapter by chapter

Delivery of Therapeutics for Biogerontological Interventions

Delivery of Therapeutics for Biogerontological Interventions
  • Author : Wing-Fu Lai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-02
  • Total pages :204
  • ISBN : 9780128172766
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Summary : Delivery of Therapeutics for Biogerontological Interventions: From Concepts to Experimental Design provides tactics on how to facilitate planning and research in interventive biogerontology. The book helps create clearer directions for the translation of existing advances in delivery technologies, from lab to practice. It is ideal as a starting point for scientists, clinicians and those interested in the field of biogerontology, biomedicine or nanotechnology, comprehensively discussing how to translate bench works to practicable tactics that retard the aging process. Using support from recent advances reported in literature, this title takes advantage of delivery technologies to develop biogerontological interventions, from concept to experimental design. Provides the first comprehensive reference to guide researchers through the process of intervention development, from concepts, to practicable interventions Covers the information needed to exploit the use of delivery technologies in intervention biogerontology Presents complete coverage of advances in the field, all of which are supported by full color photographs, figures and references

Clinical Arrhythmology and Electrophysiology E-Book

Clinical Arrhythmology and Electrophysiology E-Book
  • Author : Ziad Issa,John M. Miller,Douglas P. Zipes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-08-07
  • Total pages :752
  • ISBN : 9780323568821
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Summary : Part of the highly regarded Braunwald’s family of cardiology references, Clinical Arrhythmology and Electrophysiology, 3rd Edition, offers complete coverage of the latest diagnosis and management options for patients with arrhythmias. Expanded clinical content and clear illustrations keep you fully abreast of current technologies, new syndromes and diagnostic procedures, new information on molecular genetics, advances in ablation, and much more.

Nanocarriers for Cancer Diagnosis and Targeted Chemotherapy

Nanocarriers for Cancer Diagnosis and Targeted Chemotherapy
  • Author : Muhammad Raza Shah,Muhammad Imran,Shafi Ullah
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-13
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9780128163115
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Summary : Nanocarriers for Cancer Diagnosis and Targeted Chemotherapy reviews the principles and applications of nanocarriers for targeted drug delivery. Drug targeting involves active and passive strategies that exploit both the use of ligands for interactions and the physical and chemical properties of nanocarriers and micro-environments at target sites. Multidrug resistance and adverse side effects associated with anticancer drugs have attracted greater scientific attention and led formulation scientists to specifically target these drugs to target sites. Nanocarriers like liposomes, niosomes, gold nanorods, carbon nanotubes, and micelles are discussed for the delivery of drugs to specific disease sites. This is an important reference source for researchers in the biomedical and biomaterials fields who want to gain an understanding on how nanotechnology is used for earlier diagnoses and more effective cancer treatment. Explores the fundamental principles of drug targeting through different nano-carriers, highlighting major applications Shows how the use of nanocarriers is leading to quicker cancer diagnosis and more effective treatment Discusses the major challenges of using nanocarriers for drug delivery and assesses how to overcome these barriers

Caged Compounds

Caged Compounds
  • Author : Gerard Marriott
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1998-07-06
  • Total pages :529
  • ISBN : UVA:X004242750
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Summary : The critically acclaimed laboratory standard for more than forty years, Methods in Enzymology is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. More than 285 volumes have been published (all of them still in print) and much of the material is relevant even today--truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences.

Functionalization of Graphene

Functionalization of Graphene
  • Author : Vasilios Georgakilas
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-03
  • Total pages :424
  • ISBN : 9783527672776
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Summary : All set to become the standard reference on the topic, this book covers the most important procedures for chemical functionalization, making it an indispensable resource for all chemists, physicists, materials scientists and engineers entering or already working in the field. Expert authors share their knowledge on a wide range of different functional groups, including organic functional groups, hydrogen, halogen, nanoparticles and polymers.

Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis, and Therapy

Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis, and Therapy
  • Author : Yuen Y. Hui,Huang-Cheng Chang,Haifeng Dong,Xueji Zhang
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-29
  • Total pages :376
  • ISBN : 9781119373452
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Summary : A comprehensive reference on biochemistry, bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapeutic applications of carbon nanomaterials Carbon nanomaterials have been widely applied for biomedical applications in the past few decades, because of their unique physical properties, versatile functionalization chemistry, and biological compatibility. This book provides background knowledge at the entry level into the biomedical applications of carbon nanomaterials, focusing on three applications: bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapy. Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis and Therapy begins with a general introduction to carbon nanomaterials for biomedical applications, including a discussion about the pros and cons of various carbon nanomaterials for the respective therapeutic applications. It then goes on to cover fluorescence imaging; deep tissue imaging; photoacoustic imaging; pre-clinical/clinical bioimaging applications; carbon nanomaterial sensors for cancer and disease diagnosis; targeted cancer therapy; and photothermal/photodynamic therapy. Each chapter briefly introduces the biomedical application and emphasizes the most appropriate carbon nanomaterial(s) for the application. Provides an introduction to the biomedical applications of carbon nanomaterials for early-career scientists, as well as background and context for mid-career scientists and researchers Contains four sections covering biochemistry, bioimaging, bioanalysis, and therapeutic applications of carbon nanomaterials Presented by experts who have strong background in the field of nanotechnology for biomedical applications Covers a hot area of research which has very unique physical properties, versatile functionalization chemistry, and biological compatibility Carbon Nanomaterials for Bioimaging, Bioanalysis and Therapy is an excellent resource for academic researchers and industrial scientists working on preparation and bio-application of carbon nanomaterials, biomedical engineering, and nanotechnology.

Nanotechnologies in Preventive and Regenerative Medicine

Nanotechnologies in Preventive and Regenerative Medicine
  • Author : Vuk Uskokovic
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-22
  • Total pages :616
  • ISBN : 9780323480642
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Summary : Nanotechnologies in Preventative and Regenerative Medicine demonstrates how control at the nanoscale can help achieve earlier diagnoses and create more effective treatments. Chapters take a logical approach, arranging materials by their area of application. Biomaterials are, by convention, divided according to the area of their application, with each chapter outlining current challenges before discussing how nanotechnology and nanomaterials can help solve these challenges This applications-orientated book is a valuable resource for researchers in biomedical science who want to gain a greater understanding on how nanotechnology can help create more effective vaccines and treatments, and to nanomaterials researchers seeking to gain a greater understanding of how these materials are applied in medicine. Demonstrates how nanotechnology can help achieve more successful diagnoses at an earlier stage Explains how nanomaterials can be manipulated to create more effective drug treatments Offers suggestions on how the use of nanotechnology might have future applications to create even more effective treatments

Graphene Quantum Dots

Graphene Quantum Dots
  • Author : Alev Devrim Güçlü,Pawel Potasz,Marek Korkusinski,Pawel Hawrylak
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-11
  • Total pages :172
  • ISBN : 9783662446119
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Summary : This book reflects the current status of theoretical and experimental research of graphene based nanostructures, in particular quantum dots, at a level accessible to young researchers, graduate students, experimentalists and theorists. It presents the current state of research of graphene quantum dots, a single or few monolayer thick islands of graphene. It introduces the reader to the electronic and optical properties of graphite, intercalated graphite and graphene, including Dirac fermions, Berry's phase associated with sublattices and valley degeneracy, covers single particle properties of graphene quantum dots, electron-electron interaction, magnetic properties and optical properties of gated graphene nanostructures. The electronic, optical and magnetic properties of the graphene quantum dots as a function of size, shape, type of edge and carrier density are considered. Special attention is paid to the understanding of edges and the emergence of edge states for zigzag edges. Atomistic tight binding and effective mass approaches to single particle calculations are performed. Furthermore, the theoretical and numerical treatment of electron-electron interactions at the mean-field, HF, DFT and configuration-interaction level is described in detail.

Nanotheranostics for Cancer Applications

Nanotheranostics for Cancer Applications
  • Author : Prakash Rai,Stephanie A. Morris
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-11-12
  • Total pages :480
  • ISBN : 9783030017750
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Summary : This book is the first to focus specifically on cancer nanotheranostics. Each of the chapters that make up this comprehensive volume is authored by a researcher, clinician, or regulatory agency member known for their expertise in this field. Theranostics, the technology to simultaneously diagnose and treat a disease, is a nascent field that is growing rapidly in this era of personalized medicine. As the need for cost-effective disease diagnosis grows, drug delivery systems that can act as multifunctional carriers for imaging contrast and therapy agents could provide unique breakthroughs in oncology. Nanotechnology has enabled the development of smart theranostic platforms that can concurrently diagnose disease, start primary treatment, monitor response and initiate secondary treatments if required. In oncology, chemotherapeutics have been routinely used. Some drugs have proven effective but all carry risks of adverse side effects. There is growing interest in using remotely triggered drug delivery systems to limit cytotoxicity in the diseased area. This book reviews the use of theranostic nanoparticles for cancer applications over the past decade. First, it briefly discusses the challenges and limitations of conventional cancer treatments, and presents an overview of the use of nanotechnology in treating cancer. These introductory chapters are followed by those exploring cancer diagnosis and a myriad of delivery methods for nanotherapeutics. The book also addresses multifunctional platforms, treatment monitoring, and regulatory considerations. As a whole, the book aims to briefly summarize the development and clinical potential of various nanotheranostics for cancer applications, and to delineate the challenges that must be overcome for successful clinical development and implementation of such cancer theranostics.

Viral Nanoparticles

Viral Nanoparticles
  • Author : Nicole F. Steinmetz,Marianne Manchester
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-07-28
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9780429533792
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Summary : This book overviews the applications of viral nanoparticles (VNPs) in areas ranging from materials science to biomedicine. It summarizes the many different VNP building blocks and describes chemistries that allow one to attach, entrap, or display functionalities on VNPs. The book outlines the strategies for the construction of 1-, 2-, and 3-D arrays, highlights the achievements in utilizing VNPs as tools for novel biosensors and nanoelectronic devices, and describes efforts in designing VNPs for biomedical applications, including their use as gene delivery vectors, novel vaccines, imaging modalities, and applications in targeted therapeutics.

Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes

Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes
  • Author : Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-28
  • Total pages :724
  • ISBN : 9780128136928
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Summary : Fullerens, Graphenes and Nanotubes: A Pharmaceutical Approach shows how carbon nanomaterials are used in the pharmaceutical industry. While there are various books on the carbonaceous nanomaterials available on the market, none approach the subject from a pharmaceutical point-of-view. In this context, the book covers different applications of carbonaceous nanomaterials. Chapters examine different types of carbon nanomaterials and explore how they are used in such areas as cancer treatments, pulse sensing and prosthetics. Readers will find this book to be a valuable reference resource for those working in the areas of carbon materials, nanomaterials and pharmaceutical science. Explains how the unique properties of carbon-based nanomaterials allow them to be used to create effective drug delivery systems Covers how carbon-based nanomaterials should be prepared for use in pharmaceutical applications Discusses the relative toxicity of a range of carbon-based nanomaterials Considers the safety of their use in different types of drugs

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications

Carbon Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications
  • Author : Sekhar Chandra Ray,Nikhil Ranjan Jana
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-03-07
  • Total pages :250
  • ISBN : 9780323479073
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Summary : Nanomaterials for Biological and Medical Applications explores the different applications of carbon nanomaterials in drug and gene therapies and their use in tissue regeneration, biosensor diagnosis, enantiomer separation of chiral drugs, extraction and analysis of drugs and pollutants, and as antitoxents. The book describes the synthesis processing of carbon nanomaterials, carbon composite nanomaterials, and their different biological and biomedical applications, including the removal of biologically toxic materials, optical biosensor applications, bio-imaging probe, drug delivery, cancer treatments, and other biomedical applications. Explains the major synthesis chemical process of carbon nanomaterials for biological applications Discusses how carbon nanomaterials can be practically used to create more efficient nanodevices in biosensing, medical imaging, and drug delivery Explores how the unique physical properties of carbon nanomaterials allows them to remove biologically toxic materials

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine

Nanostructures for Oral Medicine
  • Author : Ecaterina Andronescu,Alexandru Mihai Grumezescu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-04-11
  • Total pages :1034
  • ISBN : 9780323477215
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Summary : Nanostructures for Oral Medicine presents an up-to-date examination of the applications and effects of nanostructured materials in oral medicine, with each chapter addressing recent developments, specific applications, and uses of nanostructures in the oral administration of therapeutic agents in dentistry. The book also includes coverage of the biocompatibility of nanobiomaterials and their remarkable potential in improving human health and in reducing environmental pollution. Emerging advances, such as Dr. Franklin Tay's concept of a new nanotechnology process of growing extremely small, mineral-rich crystals and guiding them into the demineralized gaps between collagen fibers to prevent the aging and degradation of resin-dentin bonding is also discussed. This work will be of great value to those who work in oral medicine, providing them with a resource to gain a greater understanding of how nanotechnology can help them create more efficient, cost-effective products. In addition, it will be of great interest to those who work in materials science who wish to gain a greater appreciation of how nanostructured materials are applied in this field. Outlines the major uses of nanostructured materials for oral medicine, including the properties of each material discussed and how it should best be applied Explores how nanostructured materials enable the creation of more effective drug delivery systems in oral medicine Discusses how novel uses of nanostructured materials may be applied in oral medicine to create more effective devices

Nanomaterial - Based Biomedical Applications in Molecular Imaging, Diagnostics and Therapy

Nanomaterial - Based Biomedical Applications in Molecular Imaging, Diagnostics and Therapy
  • Author : Amitabha Acharya
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-05-23
  • Total pages :203
  • ISBN : 9789811542800
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Summary : This book comprehensively reviews the recent advances in nanomaterial-based molecular imaging, diagnostics, and personalized therapy. It discusses the novel biocompatible fluorescent nanomaterials, their synthesis, and modern state of art characterization, as well as the various strategies for immobilization of biomacromolecules on the nanomaterial surface and approaches for increasing their stability. In addition, the book describes the synthesis of lectin nanoconjugates using different types of biocompatible raw materials and their systematic characterization. Lastly, it presents our current understanding of the biomolecular carona, which affects nanoparticle-based targeted drug delivery, and examines the conceptual approaches to improve the in-vivo efficacy of targeted drug delivery.

Gold Nanostars

Gold Nanostars
  • Author : Giuseppe Chirico,Mykola Borzenkov,Piersandro Pallavicini
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-08-03
  • Total pages :80
  • ISBN : 9783319207681
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Summary : This Brief focuses on the synthesis, functionalization techniques, optical properties and biomedical application of gold nanostars (GNS). Various facilities of gold nanostars synthesis as well as functionalization of GNS with PEG, organic dyes, bioactive compounds are discussed. The authors discuss physical origin of the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonances and the way the nano-environment affects them. The implication of the LSPR of gold nanostars surface enhanced Raman scattering is also discussed. The emphasis has been done on the application of GNS for current and emerge needs of medicine, biology and pharmacy. Moreover, properties of gold nanostars as contrast agents for in vivo imaging and interaction of GNS with cells are also discussed in this Brief.

Microbial Glycobiology

Microbial Glycobiology
  • Author : Anthony P Moran
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2009-10-01
  • Total pages :1036
  • ISBN : 0080923240
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Summary : This book presents in an easy-to-read format a summary of the important central aspects of microbial glycobiology, i.e. the study of carbohydrates as related to the biology of microorganisms. Microbial glycobiology represents a multidisciplinary and emerging area with implications for a range of basic and applied research fields, as well as having industrial, medical and biotechnological implications. Individual chapters provided by leading international scientists in the field yield insightful, concise and stimulating reviews Provides researchers with an overview and synthesis of the latest research Each chapter begins with a brief 200 word Summary/Abstract detailing the topic and focus of the chapter, as well as the concepts to be addressed Allows researchers to see at a glance what each chapter will cover Each chapter includes a Research Focus Box Identifies important problems that still need to be solved and areas that require further investigation

Emerging Applications of Molecular Imaging to Oncology

Emerging Applications of Molecular Imaging to Oncology
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-09-27
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9780124116344
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Summary : Advances in Cancer Research provides invaluable information on the exciting and fast-moving field of cancer research. Here, once again, outstanding and original reviews are presented on a variety of topics. This volume, number 124, covers emerging applications of molecular imaging to oncology, including molecular-genetic imaging, imaging the tumor microenvironment, tracking cells and vaccines in vivo, and more. Provides information on cancer research Outstanding and original reviews Suitable for researchers and students

Nanoscience in Dermatology

Nanoscience in Dermatology
  • Author : Michael R. Hamblin,Pinar Avci,Tarl Prow
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-08-13
  • Total pages :402
  • ISBN : 9780128029459
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Summary : Nanoscience in Dermatology covers one of the two fastest growing areas within dermatological science, nanoscience and nanotechnology in dermatology. Recently, great progress has been made in the research and development of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials related to various applications in medicine and, in general, the life sciences. There is increasing enthusiasm for nanotechnology applications in dermatology (drug delivery, diagnostics, therapeutics, imaging, sensors, etc.) for understanding skin biology, improving early detection and treatment of skin diseases, and in the design and optimization of cosmetics. Light sensitive nanoparticles have recently been explored, opening a new era for the combined applications of light with nanotechnology, also called photonanodermatology. However, concerns have been raised regarding the adverse effects of intentional and unintentional nanoparticle exposure and their toxicity. Written by experts working in these exciting fields, this book extensively covers nanotechnology applications, together with the fundamentals and toxicity aspects. It not only addresses current applications of nanotechnology, but also discusses future trends of these ever-growing and rapidly changing fields, providing scientists and dermatologists with a clear understanding of the advantages and challenges of nanotechnology in skin medicine. Provides knowledge of current and future applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology in dermatology Outlines the fundamentals, methods, toxicity aspects, and other relevant aspects for nanotechnology based applications in dermatology Coherently structured book written by experts working in the fields covered