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Physical-Chemical Properties of Foods

Physical-Chemical Properties of Foods
  • Author : Aïchatou Musavu Ndob,Malik Melas,André Lebert
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-09-18
  • Total pages :106
  • ISBN : 0081008066
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Summary : The physical and chemical properties of food products have central roles in biotechnology and the pharmaceutical and food industries. Understanding these properties is essential for engineers and scientists to tackle the numerous issues in food processing, including preservation, storage, distribution and consumption. This book discusses models to predict some of the physical-chemical properties (pH, aw and ionic strength) for biological media containing various solutes. In recent years, food production has involved less processing and fewer additives or preservatives. If health benefits for consumers are obvious, it is not only necessary to adapt current processing and preservation processes but also to verify that appropriate technological and health properties are preserved. The authors present established models, but also introduce new tools for prediction with modeling methods that are part of a more general approach to understand the behavior of fluid mixtures and design new products or processes through numerical simulation. Describes the construction of a tool to allow you to predict the physical-chemical properties of foods and bacterial broths Shows you how to apply this tool with complex medias to predict water activity and pH levels and how to integrate this tool with a process simulator Full with theoretical equations and examples to help you apply the content to your data

Physical Properties of Foods

Physical Properties of Foods
  • Author : Serpil Sahin,Servet Gülüm Sumnu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-05-27
  • Total pages :254
  • ISBN : 0387308083
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Summary : This book provides a fundamental understanding of physical properties of foods. It is the first textbook in this area and combines engineering concepts and physical chemistry. Basic definitions and principles of physical properties are discussed as well as the importance of physical properties in the food industry and measurement methods. In addition, recent studies in physical properties are summarized. The material presented is helpful for students to understand the relationship between physical and functional properties of raw, semi-finished, and processed food in order to obtain products with desired shelf-life and quality.

Physical Chemistry of Foods

Physical Chemistry of Foods
  • Author : Pieter Walstra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2002-10-08
  • Total pages :832
  • ISBN : 0824743261
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Summary : Exploring the structure and physical and chemical properties of solutions, dispersions, soft solids, fats, and cellular systems, Physical Chemistry of Foods describes the physiochemical principles of the reactions and conversions that occur during the manufacture, handling, and storage of foods. Coverage progresses from aspects of thermodynamics, bonds and interaction forces, and reaction kinetics, to transport phenomena, polymers, colloidal interactions, nucleation, glass transitions and freezing, and soft solids. This comprehensive volume effectively clarifies the physicochemical processes encountered in food product development.

Food Carbohydrates

Food Carbohydrates
  • Author : Steve W. Cui
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2005-05-23
  • Total pages :432
  • ISBN : 0203485289
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Summary : Unique in its broad range of coverage, Food Carbohydrates: Chemistry, Physical Properties and Applications is a comprehensive, single-source reference on the science of food carbohydrates. This text goes beyond explaining the basics of food carbohydrates by emphasizing principles and techniques and their practical application in quality control, product development, and research. The editor incorporates information on analytical methods, the structural analysis of polysaccharides, physical properties, molecular conformation and characterization, and industrial applications of polysaccharide gums. The analytical methods and structural analysis of polysaccharides are rarely presented in books on food carbohydrates - topics this text fully illustrates. It also presents particulars on starch and starch modification, with a focus on reaction principles, improved functional properties, and practical applications. Food Carbohydrates: Chemistry, Physical Properties and Applications is the only known current reference to include basic chemistry, analytical methodologies, structural analysis, conformation and functional properties, and rheological and thermal properties of food carbohydrates all in one text. This book is ideal as a professional reference for researchers, engineers, and those interested in food carbohydrates, as well as a textbook for graduate students.

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Components
  • Author : Zdzislaw E. Sikorski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-10-25
  • Total pages :544
  • ISBN : 1420009613
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Summary : Water, saccharides, proteins, lipids, minerals, colorants, and additives all contribute to the nutritional value and sensory properties of food. During post harvest storage and processing, these components change and the extent and nature of change depends on the chemical properties of the compounds themselves. Knowledge of the chemistry and bioche

Engineering Properties of Foods, Fourth Edition

Engineering Properties of Foods, Fourth Edition
  • Author : M.A. Rao,Syed S.H. Rizvi,Ashim K. Datta,Jasim Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-04-22
  • Total pages :812
  • ISBN : 1466556420
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Summary : It has been nearly a decade since the third edition of Engineering Properties of Foods was published, and food structure/microstructure remains a subject of research interest. In fact, significant developments have taken place in the area of high pressure processing (HPP), which has been approved for pasteurization of food by the Food and Drug Administration. Kinetic data related to HPP have proven important for validation of pressure-assisted pasteurization. Due to these developments, three new chapters have been added to the Fourth Edition: Food Microstructure Analysis Glass Transition in Foods Kinetics and Process Design for High-Pressure Processing The text focuses on elucidating the engineering aspects of food properties and their variations, supplemented by representative data. Chapters have been updated and revised to include recent developments. The book presents data on physical, chemical, and biological properties, illustrating their relevance and practical importance. The topics range from surface properties, rheological properties, and thermal properties to thermodynamic, dielectric, and gas exchange properties. The chapters follow a consistent format for ease of use. Each chapter contains an introduction, food property definition, measurement procedure, modeling, representative data compilation, and applications.

Physical Chemistry of Foods

Physical Chemistry of Foods
  • Author : SCHWARTZBERG
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1992-06-11
  • Total pages :764
  • ISBN : 9780824786939
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Summary : This resource provides effective mechanistic methods for analyzing and understanding physical and chemical behaviour in foods, and explains how to manipulate and control such behaviour during food processing, distribution and use.;Written by 23 authorities in the field, Physical Chemistry of Foods: treats factors controlling crystallization, cross-linking reactions, dispersion and surface-adsorption processes in foods and clarifies how to modify crystal size distribution, stabilize dispersions and minimize fouling; explores uptake competition between mineral nutrients - offering guidelines for efficient uptake and absorption; describes kinetic rate-controlling steps in Maillard reactions - examining how to manipulate Maillard browning; discusses how gels form and instrumental methods of following gelling processes and covers how to create gel-based textures and structures in foods; considers factors that control the behaviour of bread during dough development, proofing, and baking - showing how carbon dioxide release affects loaf expansion; and reveals how glass transitions affect rheological and kinetic behaviour and transport processes in foods - detailing how to manipulate glass transitions and product behaviour by changes in composition and water content.;Food scientists and technologists; food, agricultural and bioresource engineers; physical and surface chemists; nutritionists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students and industrial trainees in these disciplines will repeatedly find valuable new insights and approaches for dealing with practical and theoretical problems and a wealth of useful information in Physical Chemistry of Foods, with its more than 1380 literature citations.

Food Physics

Food Physics
  • Author : Ludger Figura,Arthur A. Teixeira
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-08-24
  • Total pages :550
  • ISBN : 3540341943
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Summary : This is the first textbook in this field of increasing importance for the food and cosmetics industries. It is indispensable for future students of food technology and food chemistry as well as for engineers, technologists and technicians in the food industries. It describes the principles of food physics starting with the very basics – and focuses on the needs of practitioners without omitting important basic principles. It will be indispensable for future students of food technology and food chemistry as well as for engineers, technologists and technicians in the food industries. Food Physics deals with the physical properties of food, food ingredients and their measurement.

An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Food

An Introduction to the Physical Chemistry of Food
  • Author : John N. Coupland
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-30
  • Total pages :182
  • ISBN : 1493907611
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Summary : Familiar combinations of ingredients and processing make the structures that give food its properties. For example in ice cream, the emulsifiers and proteins stabilize partly crystalline milk fat as an emulsion, freezing (crystallization) of some of the water gives the product its hardness and polysaccharide stabilizers keep it smooth. Why different recipes work as they do is largely governed by the rules of physical chemistry. This textbook introduces the physical chemistry essential to understanding the behavior of foods. Starting with the simplest model of molecules attracting and repelling one another while being moved by the randomizing effect of heat, the laws of thermodynamics are used to derive important properties of foods such as flavor binding and water activity. Most foods contain multiple phases and the same molecular model is used to understand phase diagrams, phase separation and the properties of surfaces. The remaining chapters focus on the formation and properties of specific structures in foods – crystals, polymers, dispersions and gels. Only a basic understanding of food science is needed, and no mathematics or chemistry beyond the introductory college courses is required. At all stages, examples from the primary literature are used to illustrate the text and to highlight the practical applications of physical chemistry in food science.

Properties of Water in Foods

Properties of Water in Foods
  • Author : D. Simatos,J.L. Multon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1985-04-30
  • Total pages :693
  • ISBN : 9024731534
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Summary : Water is recognized as being an important factor in numerous pheno mena connected with the quality of food. For instance, it plays a part in the textural properties of several commodities. Moreover, water is an essential parameter determining the behaviour of food products in the course of many processing operations : on water, will depend the amount of energy necessary for freezing or dehydrating the product; water will strongly influence the evolution of physical, chemical and biochemical phenomena taking place in the product during processing operations such as heating, drying, etc. Water will also influence the same reactions, as well as the activity of microorganisms, during the storage of food products under various conditions. As a result, all aspects of quality - sensory, nutritional and hygienic properties of the food - will be affected. In all these circumstances, the water content of a product is obviously an important factor, but equally important may be the physical properties of this water, such as its thermodynamic activity and its mobility. Actual ly, the concept of water activity (a ) is now widely used by the food industry and in the legislation of sever')¥l countries. The idea of a small, international meeting devoted to a synthetic review and discussion of knowledge on these various matters, was first developed by Dr. R. B.

Food Colorants

Food Colorants
  • Author : Carmen Socaciu
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-10-24
  • Total pages :648
  • ISBN : 9781420009286
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Summary : Drawing on the expertise of internationally known, interdisciplinary scientists and researchers, Food Colorants: Chemical and Functional Properties provides an integrative image of the scientific characteristics, functionality, and applications of color molecules as pigments in food science and technology, as well as their impact on health. The book emphasizes the structure-function relationships of pigment molecules to explain biosynthesis, modifications and degradation during storage and processing, and the effect of these changes on quality and safety. Understanding the rate and nature of degradation assists in selecting optimum processing parameters. Beginning with an overview of the physics and biochemistry of color, the book focuses on the mechanics of pigment stability and bioavailability, and antioxidant and pro-oxidant action. It reviews the influence of pigments on health and metabolism, incorporating results of in vivo and in vitro studies. It addresses the occurrence of pigment in food matrices and their stability during processing and storage. Conventional technologies as well as new, environmentally friendly methods are presented along with recent advances in biotechnology to produce colorants. There is also a chapter on novel approaches to the biosynthesis of colorants by microalgae, microorganisms, and genetic engineering. Contributions give significant attention to analytical methods and recent advances in detecting both natural and synthetic colorants, their quality, quantity, and degradation during processing and storage. The book rounds out its comprehensive coverage with a look at quality and safety risk assessments and international regulations, as well as lists of formerly and newly approved colorants and additives. Peer reviewed contributions and critical evaluations ensure a concise, systematic presentation of the relationships between the chemical nature and functional properties of various natural and synthetic pigments used to color food.

Food Flavors

Food Flavors
  • Author : Henryk Jelen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-10-25
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 1439814910
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Summary : Food flavor, appearance, and texture are the sensory properties that influence food acceptance, and among these, flavor is usually the decisive factor for the choice of a particular product. Food Flavors: Chemical, Sensory, and Technological Properties explores the main aspects of food flavors and provides a starting point for further study in focused areas. Topics discussed include: The nature of food odorants and tastants and the way they are perceived by the human olfactory system Basic anatomy and physiology of sensory systems involved in flavor sensation, olfactory pathways, and interactions between olfactory and gustatory stimuli The fundamentals of flavor compounds formation based on their main precursors (lipids, amino acids, and carbohydrates) Technological issues related to flavor compounds Physicochemical characteristics of aroma compounds and the main factors that influence aroma binding and release in foods Safety and regulatory aspects of flavorings used in foods Flavors of essential oils and spices, cheeses, red meat, wine, and bread and bakery products Food taints and off-flavors Analytical approaches to characterize food flavors The book also explores the latest technology in artificial olfaction systems with a chapter on the main physical and chemical features of these sensors. Bringing together the combined experience of a host of international experts, the book provides insight into the fundamentals of food flavors and explores the latest advances in flavor analysis.

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins

Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins
  • Author : Zdzislaw E. Sikorski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2001-06-22
  • Total pages :504
  • ISBN : 9781566769600
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Summary : Chemical and Functional Properties of Food Proteins presents the current state of knowledge on the content of proteins in food structures, the chemical, functional, and nutritive properties of food proteins, the chemical and biochemical modification of proteins in foods during storage and processing, and the mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of nitrogenous compounds. It emphasizes the structure-function relationship as well as the effects of practical conditions applied in food processing on the biochemical and chemical reactions in food proteins and food product quality. The first ten chapters discuss structure-function relationships, methods of analysis of nitrogenous compounds, chemical and enzymatic modifications, nutritive roles, and mutagenicity and carcinogenicity of food proteins. The following six chapters describe the proteins of meat and fish, milk, eggs, cereals, legumes, oilseeds and single cell organisms, and present detailed information on the effects of conditions applied in storage and processing on the reactions in proteins and their impact on quality attributes of food products.

Physico-Chemical Aspects of Food Processing

Physico-Chemical Aspects of Food Processing
  • Author : S.T. Beckett
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995
  • Total pages :465
  • ISBN : 9780751402407
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Summary : This book provides an in-depth study of the changes which occur in the components of food when they are subjected to processing. The book is divided into two distinct parts. in the first part the fundamental changes are examined from a scientific point of view. These include: Vapor pressure and water activity; Glass transition; Emulsion technology; Maillard (Browning) reaction; Rheology; Foams; Gells and gelling; Fat eutectics and crystallization; Surface effects; Fermentation; Change in cell structure. In the second part of the book these changes are reviewed as to how they are important to different parts of the food industry. Chapters included concern: Dairy products; Cakes, baking, and bread making; Meat and fish; Fruits and vegetables; Preserves and jellies; Sugar and confectionery; Chocolate; Extruded products; Sauces, pickles, and condiments; Alcoholic drinks; and Multicomponent products.

Food Carbohydrate Chemistry

Food Carbohydrate Chemistry
  • Author : Ronald E. Wrolstad
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-02-07
  • Total pages :240
  • ISBN : 0813826659
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Summary : Not since "Sugar Chemistry" by Shallenberger and Birch (1975) has a text clearly presented and applied basic carbohydrate chemistry to the quality attributes and functional properties of foods. Now in Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, author Wrolstad emphasizes the application of carbohydrate chemistry to understanding the chemistry, physical and functional properties of food carbohydrates. Structure and nomenclature of sugars and sugar derivatives are covered, focusing on those derivatives that exist naturally in foods or are used as food additives. Chemical reactions emphasize those that have an impact on food quality and occur under processing and storage conditions. Coverage includes: how chemical and physical properties of sugars and polysaccharides affect the functional properties of foods; taste properties and non-enzymic browning reactions; the nutritional roles of carbohydrates from a food chemist's perspective; basic principles, advantages, and limitations of selected carbohydrate analytical methods. An appendix includes descriptions of proven laboratory exercises and demonstrations. Applications are emphasized, and anecdotal examples and case studies are presented. Laboratory units, homework exercises, and lecture demonstrations are included in the appendix. In addition to a complete list of cited references, a listing of key references is included with brief annotations describing their important features. Students and professionals alike will benefit from this latest addition to the IFT Press book series. In Food Carbohydrate Chemistry, upper undergraduate and graduate students will find a clear explanation of how basic principles of carbohydrate chemistry can account for and predict functional properties such as sweetness, browning potential, and solubility properties. Professionals working in product development and technical sales will value Food Carbohydrate Chemistry as a needed resource to help them understand the functionality of carbohydrate ingredients. And persons in research and quality assurance will rely upon Food Carbohydrate Chemistry for understanding the principles of carbohydrate analytical methods and the physical and chemical properties of sugars and polysaccharides.

Water Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials

Water Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials
  • Author : Maria del Pilar Buera,Jorge Welti-Chanes,Peter J. Lillford,Horacio R. Corti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2006-01-13
  • Total pages :792
  • ISBN : 1420001183
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Summary : Unique and informative, Water Properties of Food, Pharmaceutical, and Biological Materials is based on lectures and papers given by leading international researchers at the 9th International Symposium of the Properties of Water in Foods (ISOPOW 9) that took place in September 2004. Each chapter presents an authoritative account of the latest research on the physical and chemical properties of water in relation to the stability of food, pharmaceutical, and biological materials. The first part of the text focuses on presentations given by invited speakers, whereas the second part is dedicated to oral presentations and discussions. Topics include the role of water in structural and functional properties, preserving biomolecule functionality in restricted water environments, and micro- and nano- techniques used for assessing water-solid interactions in food and drug development. This book is an invaluable resource that synthesizes cutting-edge information with innovative viewpoints from internationally esteemed researchers who participated in ISOPOW 2004.

Chemical Deterioration and Physical Instability of Food and Beverages

Chemical Deterioration and Physical Instability of Food and Beverages
  • Author : Leif H Skibsted,Jens Risbo,Mogens L Andersen
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-04-23
  • Total pages :824
  • ISBN : 1845699262
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Summary : For a food product to be a success in the marketplace it must be stable throughout its shelf-life. Quality deterioration due to chemical changes and alterations in condition due to physical instability are not always recognised, yet can be just as problematic as microbial spoilage. This book provides an authoritative review of key topics in this area. Chapters in part one focus on the chemical reactions which can negatively affect food quality, such as oxidative rancidity, and their measurement. Part two reviews quality deterioration associated with physical changes, such as moisture loss, gain and migration, crystallization and emulsion breakdown. Contributions in the following section outline the likely effects on different foods and beverages, including bakery products, fruit and vegetables, ready-to-eat meals and wine. With contributions from leaders in their fields, Chemical deterioration and physical instability of food and beverages is an essential reference for R&D and QA staff in the food industry and researchers with an interested in this subject. Examines chemical reactions which can negatively affect food quality and measurement Reviews quality deterioration associated with physical changes such as moisture loss, gain and migration, and crystallization Documents deterioration in specific food and beverage products including bakery products, frozen foods and wine

Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing

Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing
  • Author : Sakamon Devahastin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-06-03
  • Total pages :382
  • ISBN : 1439857741
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Summary : Physical and chemical interactions between various constituents resulting from processing operations often lead to physical, sensory, and nutritional changes in foods. Combining important information on processing and food quality, Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing describes the effects of various processing technologies on quality changes of different major foods in an integrative manner. Written by Physicochemical Experts in Food Engineering & Processing Part I critically reviews the physicochemical property changes of different foods undergoing selected processes, such as microencapsulation, frying, microwave-assisted thermal processing, high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field processing, and freezing. This section also includes a chapter on the effects of various processing technologies on microbial growth and inactivation. Part II focuses on multiphase food systems made of proteins, seafoods, red meats, and pet foods, and the physicochemical changes they undergo when being processed. Physicochemical Aspects of Food Engineering and Processing covers the engineering, processing, and quality angles equally. It is an extremely useful resource for academic and industrial researchers seeking an up-to-date overview of the increasingly important combination of both sides of food research and development.

Carotenoid Esters in Foods

Carotenoid Esters in Foods
  • Author : Adriana Z Mercadante
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-02-19
  • Total pages :466
  • ISBN : 1788012429
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Summary : As the first book to address the occurrence of carotenoid esters in foods and methods of measurement, this book provides one source to researchers in food science, nutrition and the food industry.

Handbook of Food Science and Technology 1

Handbook of Food Science and Technology 1
  • Author : Romain Jeantet,Thomas Croguennec,Pierre Schuck,Gérard Brulé
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-02-23
  • Total pages :272
  • ISBN : 1848219326
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Summary : This book serves as a general introduction to food science and technology, based on the academic courses presented by the authors as well as their personal research experiences. The authors' main focus is on the biological and physical-chemical stabilization of food, and the quality assessment control methods and normative aspects of the subsequent processes. Presented across three parts, the authors offer a detailed account of the scientific basis and technological knowledge needed to understand agro-food transformation. From biological analyses and process engineering, through to the development of food products and biochemical and microbiological changes, the different parts cover all aspects of the control of food quality.

Food Proteins

Food Proteins
  • Author : P.F. Fox,J. J. Condon
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1982
  • Total pages :361
  • ISBN : 9780853341437
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Summary :