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Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection
  • Author : Syed Naeem Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-20
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 9780128016442
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Summary : Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection
  • Author : Syed Naeem Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-11-26
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 012801363X
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Summary : Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection
  • Author : Syed Naeem Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-30
  • Total pages :784
  • ISBN : 0128101296
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Summary : Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. The second edition is fully revised and provides the latest developments in detector technology and analyses software. Also, more material related to measurements in particle physics and a complete solutions manual have been added. Discusses the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content Provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements Contains many worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection

Physics and Engineering of Radiation Detection
  • Author : Syed Naeem Ahmed
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-04-12
  • Total pages :800
  • ISBN : 0080569641
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Summary : This book presents an overview of the physics of radiation detection and its applications. It covers the origins and properties of different kinds of ionizing radiation, their detection and measurement, and the procedures used to protect people and the environment from their potentially harmful effects. It details the experimental techniques and instrumentation used in different detection systems in a very practical way without sacrificing the physics content. It provides useful formulae and explains methodologies to solve problems related to radiation measurements. With abundance of worked-out examples and end-of-chapter problems, this book enables the reader to understand the underlying physical principles and their applications. Detailed discussions on different detection media, such as gases, liquids, liquefied gases, semiconductors, and scintillators make this book an excellent source of information for students as well as professionals working in related fields. Chapters on statistics, data analysis techniques, software for data analysis, and data acquisition systems provide the reader with necessary skills to design and build practical systems and perform data analysis. * Covers the modern techniques involved in detection and measurement of radiation and the underlying physical principles * Illustrates theoretical and practical details with an abundance of practical, worked-out examples * Provides practice problems at the end of each chapter

Handbook of Drug Metabolism, Third Edition

Handbook of Drug Metabolism, Third Edition
  • Author : Paul G. Pearson,Larry C. Wienkers
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-04-26
  • Total pages :750
  • ISBN : 1560323175
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Summary : The second edition of a bestseller, this book presents the latest innovative research methods that help break new ground by applying patterns, reuse, and design science to research. The book relies on familiar patterns to provide the solid fundamentals of various research philosophies and techniques as touchstones that demonstrate how to innovate research methods. Filled with practical examples of applying patterns to IT research with an emphasis on reusing research activities to save time and money, this book describes design science research in relation to other information systems research paradigms such as positivist and interpretivist research.

Radiation Detection

Radiation Detection
  • Author : Douglas McGregor,J. Kenneth Shultis
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-08-19
  • Total pages :1286
  • ISBN : 9781000038583
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Summary : Radiation Detection: Concepts, Methods, and Devices provides a modern overview of radiation detection devices and radiation measurement methods. The book topics have been selected on the basis of the authors’ many years of experience designing radiation detectors and teaching radiation detection and measurement in a classroom environment. This book is designed to give the reader more than a glimpse at radiation detection devices and a few packaged equations. Rather it seeks to provide an understanding that allows the reader to choose the appropriate detection technology for a particular application, to design detectors, and to competently perform radiation measurements. The authors describe assumptions used to derive frequently encountered equations used in radiation detection and measurement, thereby providing insight when and when not to apply the many approaches used in different aspects of radiation detection. Detailed in many of the chapters are specific aspects of radiation detectors, including comprehensive reviews of the historical development and current state of each topic. Such a review necessarily entails citations to many of the important discoveries, providing a resource to find quickly additional and more detailed information. This book generally has five main themes: Physics and Electrostatics needed to Design Radiation Detectors Properties and Design of Common Radiation Detectors Description and Modeling of the Different Types of Radiation Detectors Radiation Measurements and Subsequent Analysis Introductory Electronics Used for Radiation Detectors Topics covered include atomic and nuclear physics, radiation interactions, sources of radiation, and background radiation. Detector operation is addressed with chapters on radiation counting statistics, radiation source and detector effects, electrostatics for signal generation, solid-state and semiconductor physics, background radiations, and radiation counting and spectroscopy. Detectors for gamma-rays, charged-particles, and neutrons are detailed in chapters on gas-filled, scintillator, semiconductor, thermoluminescence and optically stimulated luminescence, photographic film, and a variety of other detection devices.

Radiation and Detectors

Radiation and Detectors
  • Author : Lucio Cerrito
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-05-11
  • Total pages :210
  • ISBN : 9783319531816
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Summary : This textbook provides an introduction to radiation, the principles of interaction between radiation and matter, and the exploitation of those principles in the design of modern radiation detectors. Both radiation and detectors are given equal attention and their interplay is carefully laid out with few assumptions made about the prior knowledge of the student. Part I is dedicated to radiation, broadly interpreted in terms of energy and type, starting with an overview of particles and forces, an extended review of common natural and man-made sources of radiation, and an introduction to particle accelerators. Particular attention is paid to real life examples, which place the types of radiation and their energy in context. Dosimetry is presented from a modern, user-led point of view, and relativistic kinematics is introduced to give the basic knowledge needed to handle the more formal aspects of radiation dynamics and interaction. The explanation of the physics principles of interaction between radiation and matter is given significant space to allow a deeper understanding of the various technologies based on those principles. Following an introduction to the ionisation mechanism, detectors are introduced in Part II, grouped according to the physical principle that underpins their functionality, with chapters covering gaseous detectors, semiconductor detectors, the scintillation process and light detectors. The final two chapters describe the phenomenology of showers and the design of calorimeters, and cover additional phenomena including Cherenkov and transition radiation and the detection of neutrinos. An appendix offers the reader a useful review of statistics and probability distributions. The mathematical formalism is kept to a minimum throughout and simple derivations are presented to guide the reasoning and facilitate understanding of the working principles. The book is unique in its wide scope and introductory level, and is suitable for undergraduate and graduate students in physics and engineering. The reader will acquire an awareness of how radiation and its exploitation are becoming increasingly relevant in the modern world, with over 140 experimental figures, detector schematics and photographs helping to relate the material to a broader research context.

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Alan Owens
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-05-31
  • Total pages :494
  • ISBN : 9781351629171
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Summary : Choice Recommended Title, July 2020 Bringing together material scattered across many disciplines, Semiconductor Radiation Detectors provides readers with a consolidated source of information on the properties of a wide range of semiconductors; their growth, characterization and the fabrication of radiation sensors with emphasis on the X- and gamma-ray regimes. It explores the promise and limitations of both the traditional and new generation of semiconductors and discusses where the future in semiconductor development and radiation detection may lie. The purpose of this book is two-fold; firstly to serve as a text book for those new to the field of semiconductors and radiation detection and measurement, and secondly as a reference book for established researchers working in related disciplines within physics and engineering. Features: The only comprehensive book covering this topic Fully up-to-date with new developments in the field Provides a wide-ranging source of further reference material

Principles of Nuclear Radiation Detection

Principles of Nuclear Radiation Detection
  • Author : Geoffrey G. Eichholz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-05-04
  • Total pages :391
  • ISBN : 9781351091978
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Summary : This book is intended for senior undergraduate and beginning graduate students in physics, nuclear engineering, health physics and nuclear medicine, and for specialized training courses for radiation protection personnel and environmental safety engineers.To keep the size of the book manageable, material has been selected to stress those detectors that are in widespread use. Attempts have also been made to emphasize alternatives available in approaching various measurement problems and to present the criteria by which a choice among these alternatives may be made.

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Gerhard Lutz
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2007-06-15
  • Total pages :353
  • ISBN : 9783540716792
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Summary : Starting from basic principles, this book describes the rapidly growing field of modern semiconductor detectors used for energy and position measurement radiation. The author, whose own contributions to these developments have been significant, explains the working principles of semiconductor radiation detectors in an intuitive way. Broad coverage is also given to electronic signal readout and to the subject of radiation damage.

Solid-State Radiation Detectors

Solid-State Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Salah Awadalla
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-12-19
  • Total pages :384
  • ISBN : 9781482262216
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Summary : Integrating aspects of engineering, application physics, and medical science, Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications offers a comprehensive review of new and emerging solid-state materials-based technologies for radiation detection. Each chapter is structured to address the current advantages and challenges of each material and technology presented, as well as to discuss novel research and applications. Featuring contributions from leading experts in industry and academia, this authoritative text: Covers modern semiconductors used for radiation monitoring Examines CdZnTe and CdTe technology for imaging applications including three-dimensional capability detectors Highlights interconnect technology for current pixel detectors Describes hybrid pixel detectors and their characterizations Tackles the integrated analog signal processing read-out front ends for particle detectors Considers new organic materials with direct bandgap for direct energy detection Summarizes recent developments involving lanthanum halide and cerium bromide scintillators Analyzes the potential of recent progress in the field of crystallogenesis, quantum dots, and photonics crystals toward a new concept of x- and gamma-ray detectors based on metamaterials Explores position-sensitivity photomultipliers and silicon photomultipliers for scintillation crystals Solid-State Radiation Detectors: Technology and Applications provides a valuable reference for engineers and scientists looking to enhance the performance of radiation detector technology for medical imaging and other applications.

Radiation Detection and Measurement

Radiation Detection and Measurement
  • Author : Glenn F. Knoll
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1989
  • Total pages :754
  • ISBN : 047161761X
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Summary : This new edition of the methods and instrumentation used in the detection of ionizing radiation has been revised and updated to reflect recent advances. It covers modern engineering practice, provides useful design information and contains an up-to-date review of the literature.

Electronics for Radiation Detection

Electronics for Radiation Detection
  • Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2018-09-03
  • Total pages :378
  • ISBN : 9781439858844
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Summary : There is a growing need to understand and combat potential radiation damage problems in semiconductor devices and circuits. Assessing the billion-dollar market for detection equipment in the context of medical imaging using ionizing radiation, Electronics for Radiation Detection presents valuable information that will help integrated circuit (IC) designers and other electronics professionals take full advantage of the tremendous developments and opportunities associated with this burgeoning field. Assembling contributions from industrial and academic experts, this book— Addresses the state of the art in the design of semiconductor detectors, integrated circuits, and other electronics used in radiation detection Analyzes the main effects of radiation in semiconductor devices and circuits, paying special attention to degradation observed in MOS devices and circuits when they are irradiated Explains how circuits are built to deal with radiation, focusing on practical information about how they are being used, rather than mathematical details Radiation detection is critical in space applications, nuclear physics, semiconductor processing, and medical imaging, as well as security, drug development, and modern silicon processing techniques. The authors discuss new opportunities in these fields and address emerging detector technologies, circuit design techniques, new materials, and innovative system approaches. Aimed at postgraduate researchers and practicing engineers, this book is a must for those serious about improving their understanding of electronics used in radiation detection. The information presented here can help you make optimal use of electronic detection equipment and stimulate further interest in its development, use, and benefits.

Engineering of Scintillation Materials and Radiation Technologies

Engineering of Scintillation Materials and Radiation Technologies
  • Author : Mikhail Korzhik,Alexander Gektin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-11-21
  • Total pages :339
  • ISBN : 9783319684659
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Summary : This volume provides a broad overview of the latest achievements in scintillator development, from theory to applications, and aiming for a deeper understanding of fundamental processes, as well as the discovery and availability of components for the production of new generations of scintillation materials. It includes papers on the microtheory of scintillation and the initial phase of luminescence development, applications of the various materials, and development and characterization of ionizing radiation detection equipment. The book also touches upon the increased demand for cryogenic scintillators, the renaissance of garnet materials for scintillator applications, nano-structuring in scintillator development, development and applications for security, and exploration of hydrocarbons and ecological monitoring.

Radiation Sensors with 3D Electrodes

Radiation Sensors with 3D Electrodes
  • Author : Cinzia Da Vià,Gian-Franco Dalla Betta,Sherwood Parker
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-01-17
  • Total pages :226
  • ISBN : 9780429619441
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Summary : Written by the leading names in this field, this book introduces the technical properties, design and fabrication details, measurement results, and applications of three-dimensional silicon radiation sensors. Such devices are currently used in the ATLAS experiment at the European Centre for Particle Physics (CERN) for particle tracking in high energy physics. These sensors are the radiation hardest devices ever fabricated and have applications in ground-breaking research in neutron detection, medical dosimetry and space technologies and more. Chapters explore the essential features of silicon particle detectors, interactions of radiation with matter, radiation damage effects, and micro-fabrication, in addition to a providing historical overview of the field. This book will be a key reference for students and researchers working with sensor technologies. Features: The first book dedicated to this unique and growing subject area, which is also widely applicable in high-energy physics, medical physics, space science and beyond Authored by Sherwood Parker, the inventor of the concept of 3D detectors; Cinzia Da Vià, who has brought 3DSi technology to application; and Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, a leading figure in the design and fabrication technology of these devices Explains to non-experts the essential features of silicon particle detectors, interactions of radiation with matter, radiation damage effects, and micro-fabrication

Gaseous Radiation Detectors

Gaseous Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Fabio Sauli
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2014-06-12
  • Total pages :497
  • ISBN : 9781107043015
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Summary : Describes the fundamentals and applications of gaseous radiation detection, ideal for researchers and experimentalists in nuclear and particle physics.

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors

Signal Processing for Radiation Detectors
  • Author : Mohammad Nakhostin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2017-10-23
  • Total pages :528
  • ISBN : 9781119410140
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Summary : "This book provides a clear understanding of the principles of signal processing of radiation detectors. It is designed to be a stand-alone book and no extensive pre-knowledge of electronics is assumed. To this end, the characteristics of pulses from various types of detectors are emphasized and an overview is given on the basic concepts required to understand detectors signal processing systems and pulse processing techniques. The author covers all important aspects of signal processing including energy spectroscopy, timing, position-sensing, pulse-shape discrimination and radiation intensity measurement. By reading this book, researchers, engineers, and graduate students working in disciplines such as nuclear physics and engineering, environmental and biomedical engineering, medical physics and radiological science will have the knowledge to optimize available systems or to setup their own experiments"--

Physics for Radiation Protection

Physics for Radiation Protection
  • Author : James E. Martin
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-07-11
  • Total pages :844
  • ISBN : 9783527618804
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Summary : A highly practical reference for health physicists and other professionals, addressing practical problems in radiation protection, this new edition has been completely revised, updated and supplemented by such new sections as log-normal distribution and digital radiography, as well as new chapters on internal radiation dose and the environmental transport of radionuclides. Designed for readers with limited as well as basic science backgrounds, the handbook presents clear, thorough and up-to-date explanations of the basic physics necessary. It provides an overview of the major discoveries in radiation physics, plus extensive discussion of radioactivity, including sources and materials, as well as calculational methods for radiation exposure, comprehensive appendices and more than 400 figures. The text draws substantially on current resource data available, which is cross-referenced to standard compendiums, providing decay schemes and emission energies for approximately 100 of the most common radionuclides encountered by practitioners. Excerpts from the Chart of the Nuclides, activation cross sections, fission yields, fission-product chains, photon attenuation coefficients, and nuclear masses are also provided. Throughout, the author emphasizes applied concepts and carefully illustrates all topics using real-world examples as well as exercises. A much-needed working resource for health physicists and other radiation protection professionals.

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection

Principles of Radiation Interaction in Matter and Detection
  • Author : Claude Leroy,Pier-Giorgio Rancoita
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2011-09-23
  • Total pages :1040
  • ISBN : 9789814458467
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Summary : This book, like the first and second editions, addresses the fundamental principles of interaction between radiation and matter and the principles of particle detection and detectors in a wide scope of fields, from low to high energy, including space physics and medical environment. It provides abundant information about the processes of electromagnetic and hadronic energy deposition in matter, detecting systems, performance of detectors and their optimization. The third edition includes additional material covering, for instance: mechanisms of energy loss like the inverse Compton scattering, corrections due to the Landau–Pomeranchuk–Migdal effect, an extended relativistic treatment of nucleus–nucleus screened Coulomb scattering, and transport of charged particles inside the heliosphere. Furthermore, the displacement damage (NIEL) in semiconductors has been revisited to account for recent experimental data and more comprehensive comparisons with results previously obtained. This book will be of great use to graduate students and final-year undergraduates as a reference and supplement for courses in particle, astroparticle, space physics and instrumentation. A part of the book is directed toward courses in medical physics. The book can also be used by researchers in experimental particle physics at low, medium, and high energy who are dealing with instrumentation. Errata(s) Errata Contents:Electromagnetic Interaction of Radiation in MatterNuclear Interactions in MatterRadiation Environments and Damage in Silicon SemiconductorsScintillating Media and Scintillator DetectorsSolid State DetectorsDisplacement Damage and Particle Interactions in Silicon DevicesGas Filled ChambersPrinciples of Particle Energy DeterminationSuperheated Droplet (Bubble) Detectors and CDM SearchMedical Physics Applications Readership: Researchers, academics, graduate students and professionals in accelerator, particle, astroparticle, space, applied and medical physics. Keywords:Interactions Between Radiation/Particles and Matter;High;Intermediate and Low Energy Particle Physics;Medical Physics;Radiation/Particle Detection;Space Physics;Detectors;Semiconductors;Calorimeters;Chambers;Scintillators;Silicon Pixels;Radiation Damage;Single Event Effects;Solar CellsKey Features:Covers state-of-the-art detection techniques and underlying theoriesAddresses topics of considerable use for professionals in medical physics, nuclear engineering, and environmental studiesContains an updated reference table set of physical properties

Ionizing Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging

Ionizing Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging
  • Author : Alberto Del Guerra
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004
  • Total pages :508
  • ISBN : 9789812386748
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Summary : Ionizing Radiation Detectors for Medical Imaging contains ten technical chapters, half of which are devoted to radiology and the other half to nuclear medicine. The last chapter describes the detectors for radiotherapy and portal imaging. Each chapter addresses completely a specific application. The emphasis is always on detector fundamentals and detector properties. Where necessary, software and specific applications are described in depth.This book is intended for graduate and undergraduate students in physics and engineering who want to study medical imaging. In addition, scientists who are working in a specific sub-field of medical imaging can acquire from the book an up-to-date description of the state of the art in related sub-fields, within the scope of ionizing radiation detectors. Other scientists, as well as physicians, can use the book as a reference for medical imaging.

Exercises with Solutions in Radiation Physics

Exercises with Solutions in Radiation Physics
  • Author : Bo N. Nilsson
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2015-11-27
  • Total pages :278
  • ISBN : 9783110442069
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Summary : The textbook begins with exercises related to radioactive sources and decay schemes. The problems covered include series decay and how to determine the frequency and energy of emitted particles in disintegrations. The next chapter deals with the interaction of ionizing radiation, including the treatment of photons and charged particles. The main focus is on applications based on the knowledge of interaction, to be used in subsequent work and courses. The textbook then examines detectors and measurements, including both counting statistics and properties of pulse detectors. The chapter that follows is dedicated to dosimetry, which is a major subject in medical radiation physics. It covers theoretical applications, such as different equilibrium situations and cavity theories, as well as experimental dosimetry, including ionization chambers and solid state and liquid dosimeters. A shorter chapter deals with radiobiology, where different cell survival models are considered. The last chapter concerns radiation protection and health physics. Both radioecology and radiation shielding calculations are covered. The textbook includes tables to simplify the solutions of the exercises, but the reader is mainly referred to important websites for importing necessary data.