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Physiology of Woody Plants

Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2010-07-20
  • Total pages :464
  • ISBN : 0080568718
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Summary : Woody plants such as trees have a significant economic and climatic influence on global economies and ecologies. This completely revised classic book is an up-to-date synthesis of the intensive research devoted to woody plants published in the second edition, with additional important aspects from the authors' previous book, Growth Control in Woody Plants. Intended primarily as a reference for researchers, the interdisciplinary nature of the book makes it useful to a broad range of scientists and researchers from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists and soil scientists. This third edition provides crutial updates to many chapters, including: responses of plants to elevated CO2; the process and regulation of cambial growth; photoinhibition and photoprotection of photosynthesis; nitrogen metabolism and internal recycling, and more. Revised chapters focus on emerging discoveries of the patterns and processes of woody plant physiology. * The only book to provide recommendations for the use of specific management practices and experimental procedures and equipment *Updated coverage of nearly all topics of interest to woody plant physiologists * Extensive revisions of chapters relating to key processes in growth, photosynthesis, and water relations * More than 500 new references * Examples of molecular-level evidence incorporated in discussion of the role of expansion proteins in plant growth; mechanism of ATP production by coupling factor in photosynthesis; the role of cellulose synthase in cell wall construction; structure-function relationships for aquaporin proteins

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants

Stress Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Wenhao Dai
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-17
  • Total pages :284
  • ISBN : 9781498746090
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Summary : This book addresses the importance woody plants have in agriculture, forestry, and the environment and how various stresses affect their performance. It reviews physiological and molecular responses of woody plants to major environmental stresses and focuses on the mechanisms involved in imparting resistance to stress. Chapters cover basics of plant physiology including plant structure and plant growth, photosynthesis, respiration, plant growth regulation, abiotic and biotic plant stresses including drought, water logging, nutrient deficiency, salinity, chilling, freezing, heat, oxidative stress, and heavy metal toxicity.

Physiology of Woody Plants

Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Paul Kramer
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :826
  • ISBN : 9780323142366
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Summary : Physiology of Woody Plants explains how physiological processes are involved in growth of woody plants and how they are affected by the environment, including the mechanisms of the processes themselves. Organized into 17 chapters, this book discusses the role of plant physiology, as well as the form and structure of woody plant. It also explores the nature and periodicity of shoot, cambial, root, and reproductive growth of trees of the temperate and tropical zones. Other topics elucidated are the process of photosynthesis and respiration, the various substances found in woody plants, plant nutrition, and factors affecting plant growth. This book will be valuable as a text to students and teachers and as a reference to investigators and others who desire a better understanding of how woody plants grow.

Physiology of Woody Plants

Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Theodore Thomas Kozlowski,Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997
  • Total pages :411
  • ISBN : 9780124241626
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Summary : This completely revised classic volume is an up-to-date synthesis of the intensive research devoted to woody plants. Intended primarily as a text for students and a reference for researchers, this interdisciplinary book should be useful to a broad range of scientists from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists, ecophysiologists, and soil scientists. Anyone interested in plant physiology will find this text invaluable. Key Features * Includes supplementary chapter summaries and lists of general references * Provides a solid foundation of reference information * Thoroughly updated classic text/reference

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants

The Physiological Ecology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski,Paul J. Kramer,Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :657
  • ISBN : 9780323138000
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Summary : The efficient management of trees and other woody plants can be improved given an understanding of the physiological processes that control growth, the complex environmental factors that influence those processes, and our ability to regulate and maintain environmental conditions that facilitate growth. Emphasizes genetic and environmental interactions that influence woody plant growth Outlines responses of individual trees and tree communities to environmental stress Explores cultural practices useful for efficient management of shade, forest, and fruit trees, woody vines, and shrubs

Growth Control in Woody Plants

Growth Control in Woody Plants
  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski,Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1997-01-21
  • Total pages :641
  • ISBN : 0080532683
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Summary : The processes and mechanisms that control the growth of woody plants are of crucial importance for both economic and biological reasons. The comprehensive coverage of Growth Control in Woody Plants includes discussion of the growth controlling factors in both reproductive structures (flowers, fruit, seeds, pollen, etc.) and vegetative organs (stems, branches, leaves, and roots). Other major topics covered include seed germination, seedling growth, physiological and environmental regulation of growth, cultural practices, and biotechnology. This comprehensive treatment of the many factors that control the growth of woody plants can serve both as a valuable text and as a frequently used reference. * Includes comprehensive representation of a broad subject * Provides thorough bibliographic coverage * Well illustrated * Serves as a vital companion to Physiology of Woody Plants, Second Edition

The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants: Form, Function and Physiology

The Supporting Roots of Trees and Woody Plants: Form, Function and Physiology
  • Author : A. Stokes
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2013-04-17
  • Total pages :431
  • ISBN : 9789401734691
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Summary : This publication comprises the proceedings of the first International Conference devoted to the structural roots of trees and woody plants. 'The Supporting Roots - Structure and Function,' 20-24 July 1998, Bordeaux, France. The meeting was held under the auspices ofIUFRO WPS 2. 01. 13 'Root Physiology and Symbiosis,' and its aim was to bring together scientific researchers, foresters and arboriculturalists, to discuss current problems in structural root research and disseminate knowledge to an audience from a wide disciplinary background. For the first time in an international conference, emphasis was placed on presenting recent reseach in the field of tree anchorage mechanics and root biomechanics. The way in which tree stability can be affected by root system symmetry and architecture was addressed, as well as how movement during wind sway can influence the development and shape of woody roots. The role of different nursery and planting techniques was discussed, in relation to effects on root system form and development. Root response to different environmental stresses, including water, temperature, nutrient and mechanical stress was addressed in detail. The structure and function of woody roots was also considered at different levels, from coarse to fine roots, with several papers discussing the interaction between roots and the rhizosphere. One of the conference highlights was the presentation of new methods in root research, by a series of workshops held at LRBB-INRA, Pierroton, on the northern border of the Gascony forest.

Physiology of Woody Plants

Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Theodore T. Kozlowski,Stephen G. Pallardy
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1996-10-18
  • Total pages :411
  • ISBN : 9780080538976
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Summary : This completely revised classic volume is an up-to-date synthesis of the intensive research devoted to woody plants. Intended primarily as a text for students and a reference for researchers, this interdisciplinary book should be useful to a broad range of scientists from agroforesters, agronomists, and arborists to plant pathologists, ecophysiologists, and soil scientists. Anyone interested in plant physiology will find this text invaluable. Includes supplementary chapter summaries and lists of general references Provides a solid foundation of reference information Thoroughly updated classic text/reference

Physiology of Woody Plants

Physiology of Woody Plants
  • Author : Paul Jackson Kramer,Theodore Thomas Kozlowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1979
  • Total pages :811
  • ISBN : UOM:39015012614742
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Summary : Physiology of Woody Plants explains how physiological processes are involved in growth of woody plants and how they are affected by the environment, including the mechanisms of the processes themselves. Organized into 17 chapters, this book discusses the role of plant physiology, as well as the form and structure of woody plant. It also explores the nature and periodicity of shoot, cambial, root, and reproductive growth of trees of the temperate and tropical zones. Other topics elucidated are the process of photosynthesis and respiration, the various substances found in woody plants, plant nu ...

Adaptations and Responses of Woody Plants to Environmental Stresses

Adaptations and Responses of Woody Plants to Environmental Stresses
  • Author : Rajeev Arora
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-08-23
  • Total pages :311
  • ISBN : 1560221119
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Summary : Resource added for the Landscape Horticulture Technician program 100014.

Plant Stems

Plant Stems
  • Author : Anonim
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1995-07-19
  • Total pages :440
  • ISBN : 0080539084
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Summary : Stems, of various sizes and shapes, are involved in most of the organic processes and interactions of plants, ranging from support, transport, and storage to development and protection. The stem itself is a crucially important intermediary: it links above- and below ground organs-connecting roots to leaves. An international team of leading researchers vividly illustrate that stems are more than pipes, more than simple connecting and supporting structures; rather stems are critical, anatomically distinct structures of enormous variability. It is, to an unappreciated extent, this variability that underpins both the diversity and the success of plants in myriad ecosystems. Plant Stems will be a valuable resource on form/function relationships for researchers and graduate-level students in ecology, evolutionary biology, physiology, development, genetics, agricultural sciences, and horticulture as they unravel the mechanisms and processes that allow organisms and ecosystems to function. Syntheses of structural, physiological, and ecological functions of stems Multiple viewpoints on how stem structure relates to performance Highlights of major areas of plant biology long neglected

Autoecology and Ecophysiology of Woody Shrubs and Trees

Autoecology and Ecophysiology of Woody Shrubs and Trees
  • Author : Ratikanta Maiti,Humberto Gonzalez Rodriguez,Natalya Sergeevna Ivanova
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-05-23
  • Total pages :352
  • ISBN : 9781119104445
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Summary : Forest trees and shrubs play vital ecological roles, reducing the carbon load from the atmosphere by using carbon dioxide in photosynthesis and by the storage of carbon in biomass and wood as a source of energy. Autoecology deals with all aspects of woody plants; the dynamism of populations, physiological traits of trees, light requirements, life history patterns, and physiological and morphological characters. Ecophysiology is defined by various plant growth parameters such as leaf traits, xylem water potential, plant height, basal diameter, and crown architecture which are, in turn, influenced by physiological traits and environmental conditions in the forest ecosystem. In short, this book details research advances in various aspects of woody plants to help forest scientists and foresters manage and protect forest trees and plan their future research. Autoecology and Ecophysiology of Woody Shrubs and Trees is intended to be a guide for students of woody plant autoecology and ecophysiology, as well as for researchers in this field. It is also an invaluable resource for foresters to assist in effective management of forest resources.

Tropical Tree Physiology

Tropical Tree Physiology
  • Author : Guillermo Goldstein,Louis S. Santiago
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2016-03-04
  • Total pages :467
  • ISBN : 9783319274225
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Summary : This book presents the latest information on tropical tree physiology, making it a valuable research tool for a wide variety of researchers. It is also of general interest to ecologists (e.g. Ecological Society of America; > 3000 or 4000 members at annual meeting), physiologists (e.g. American Society of Plant Biologists; > 2,000 members at annual meeting), and tropical biologists (e.g. Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, ATBC; > 500 members at annual meeting). (American Geophysical Union(AGU), > 20000 members at annual meeting). Since plant physiology is taught at every university that offers a life sciences, forestry or agricultural program, and physiology is a focus at research institutes and agencies worldwide, the book is a must-have for university and research institution libraries.

Physiology of Trees

Physiology of Trees
  • Author : Paul Jackson Kramer,Theodore Thomas Kozlowski
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1960
  • Total pages :642
  • ISBN : MINN:31951D02110455L
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Summary : Growth and structure. Photosynthesis. Carbohydrate metabolism. Nitrogen relations of trees. Fats, oils, terpenes, and related substances. Assimilation and respiration. Translocation and accumulation. Mineral nutrition and sakt absorption. Water relation and transpiration. Absorption of water and ascent of sap. Internal water relations. Reproduction. Physiology of seeds and seed germination. Internal factors afecting growth. Environmental factors affecting growth.

Woody Plants and Forest Ecosystems in a Complex World – Ecological Interactions and Physiological Functioning Above and Below Ground

Woody Plants and Forest Ecosystems in a Complex World – Ecological Interactions and Physiological Functioning Above and Below Ground
  • Author : Boris Rewald,Christian Ammer,Thorsten Grams,Henrik Hartmann,Guenter Hoch,Katharina Maria Keiblinger,Andrey V. Malyshev,Ina Christin Meier
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2020-04-01
  • Total pages :229
  • ISBN : 9782889636402
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Summary :

The Evolution of Plant Physiology

The Evolution of Plant Physiology
  • Author : Alan R. Hemsley,Imogen Poole
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2004-02-05
  • Total pages :512
  • ISBN : 0080472729
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Summary : Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

Environmental Physiology of Plants

Environmental Physiology of Plants
  • Author : Alastair Fitter,Roy Hay,Robert K. M. Hay
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :1987
  • Total pages :423
  • ISBN : UOM:39015013580637
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Summary : Already a widely acknowledged and successful work, this second edition has been extensively revised to reflect the vast amount of new literature in the field of plant physiology. The text deals with plant physiological responses to the environment, focusing on the boundary between physiology and ecology, and the treatment is largely based on North American and European examples with reference to the tropics when necessary.

The Tree Book

The Tree Book
  • Author : Michael A. Dirr,Keith S. Warren
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2019-04-30
  • Total pages :900
  • ISBN : 9781604699180
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Summary : “A boon to all those who plant, care for, and love trees.”—Nina Bassuk, author of Trees in the Urban Landscape The Tree Book is the go-to reference to more than 2,400 species and cultivars, from two of the biggest names in horticulture—Michael A. Dirr and Keith S. Warren. The featured trees include those widely available in the nursery trade, some new and promising choices, and a selection of overlooked options that deserve renewed interest. Each tree profile includes the common and botanical names along with details on foliage; flowers, seeds, fruits, and cones; native range; adaptability; and popular uses in landscapes. The Tree Book is a must-have resource for landscapes architects, city foresters, horticulturists, and enthusiastic home gardeners.

Flooding and Plant Growth

Flooding and Plant Growth
  • Author : Gerard Meurant
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-02
  • Total pages :356
  • ISBN : 9780323139113
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Summary : Flooding and Plant Growth covers the state of knowledge and opinion on the effects of flooding of soil with fresh or salt water on the metabolism and growth of herbaceous and woody plants. The book discusses the extent, causes, and impacts of flooding; the effects of flooding on soils and on the growth and metabolism of herbaceous plants; and the responses of woody plants to flooding. The text also describes the effect of flooding on water, carbohydrate, and mineral relations, as well as the effects of flooding on hormone relations and on plant disease. The adaptations to flooding with fresh water and the adaptations of plants to flooding with salt water are also encompassed. Agronomists, biochemists, plant ecologists, engineers, foresters, horticulturists, plant anatomists, meteorologists, geneticists, plant breeders, plant physiologists, and landscape architects will find the book invaluable.

Plant Physiological Ecology

Plant Physiological Ecology
  • Author : Hans Lambers,F Stuart Chapin III,Thijs L. Pons
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2008-10-08
  • Total pages :605
  • ISBN : 0387783415
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Summary : Box 9E. 1 Continued FIGURE 2. The C–S–R triangle model (Grime 1979). The strategies at the three corners are C, competiti- winning species; S, stress-tolerating s- cies; R,ruderalspecies. Particular species can engage in any mixture of these three primary strategies, and the m- ture is described by their position within the triangle. comment briefly on some other dimensions that Grime’s (1977) triangle (Fig. 2) (see also Sects. 6. 1 are not yet so well understood. and 6. 3 of Chapter 7 on growth and allocation) is a two-dimensional scheme. A C—S axis (Com- tition-winning species to Stress-tolerating spe- Leaf Economics Spectrum cies) reflects adaptation to favorable vs. unfavorable sites for plant growth, and an R- Five traits that are coordinated across species are axis (Ruderal species) reflects adaptation to leaf mass per area (LMA), leaf life-span, leaf N disturbance. concentration, and potential photosynthesis and dark respiration on a mass basis. In the five-trait Trait-Dimensions space,79%ofallvariation worldwideliesalonga single main axis (Fig. 33 of Chapter 2A on photo- A recent trend in plant strategy thinking has synthesis; Wright et al. 2004). Species with low been trait-dimensions, that is, spectra of varia- LMA tend to have short leaf life-spans, high leaf tion with respect to measurable traits. Compared nutrient concentrations, and high potential rates of mass-based photosynthesis. These species with category schemes, such as Raunkiaer’s, trait occur at the ‘‘quick-return’’ end of the leaf e- dimensions have the merit of capturing cont- nomics spectrum.

Light as an Energy Source and Information Carrier in Plant Physiology

Light as an Energy Source and Information Carrier in Plant Physiology
  • Author : Robert C. Jennings,Guiseppe Zucchelli,Francesco Ghetti,Giuliano Colombetti
  • Publisher :Unknown
  • Release Date :2012-12-06
  • Total pages :310
  • ISBN : 9781461304098
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Summary : A NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Light as Energy Source and Information Carrier in Plant Photo physiology" was held at Volterra, Italy, from September 26 to October 6, 1994, in order to consider the fundamental role that light plays in plant growth and development. This book summarises the main lectures given at this meeting which concentrated on both photochemical energy conversion and signalling (photosensing) aspects. Light harvesting and conversion into chemical energy in photosynthesis occurs at the level of chlorophyll/carotenoid containing photosystems in plants. Pigments are non covalently bound to a variety of polypeptides which serve as a specific scaffolding, necessary to determine the energy coupling between pigments and thus allowing rapid excitation energy trasfer from the antenna to the special reaction centre chlorophylls. Data from transient, time resolved spectroscopies, in the femtosecond and picosecond domain, together with model calculations, suggest that this process occurs in the 20-100 picosecond time span. The special ~ll u~ture of reaction centre complexes, ensures rapid primary charge separation, probably in the order of 1-3 picoseconds, with subsequent charge stabilisation reactions proceeding in the hundreds of picoseconds range. The recently resolved crystallographic structure of LHCII, the principal antenna complex of plants, allows precise determination of pigment-pigment distances and thus permits calculation of approximate chlorophyll-chlorophyll Forster hopping rates, which are in good agreement with time resolved measurements.